The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 10, 1945 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

Iola, Kansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 10, 1945
Page 1
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state Historical Society Tope^a., Kansas Conip. THE VOLUME XLVIII No. 64 The Weekly Resi»ter, EsUbliihed ,1867: The lolB Diuly Register, EmblUhed 1897. lOLA, KAS., WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 10, 1945. Snoectior to The loU DmUr Ii«(t«ter, Tbc lob DaUy Reeoid. ud loU DsDy Indax. SIX PAGES LUZON U. S. Fffst Amy Wins Furious Tank Battle 1 Americans Capture Samree Allies Score Gains All Along Belgian Bulge But Fall Back Before Nazi Drive in South The Weather By WILLIAM L. RYAN (,\s.«ori.itf <l Pr-ss War F.(iil.,r I The U. S. First army's second armored division won the most violent tank battle yet to flare on the norlhfern flank of the German salient in Belgium today, capturing Sam­ ree after a two-day fight. The vlotory ai the secondary road cent*!-, tliree inilos noi'thfasl of L.i- lochf. g.fvo Uie Ainciican<, coiiirol of a long slrelch of road beiwei-ii Larofhc and VleUalm. Other Americans have driven i:uo Vielsalm. nine miles west of St Vith. 0rop Into Norway Noi"wcg:lan .'jarachutlsts dropi)ed Intc Norway have cut the main rail- j way between Trondheim and Oslo, over which he Germans were evacuating t:oops to the Reich, a Norwegian government official reported. He sa;d two Nazi divisions formerly In Norway now were fighting on tho eastern front and that the Germans were attempting to withdraw eight more. Gains were scored all arotmd the Belgian bulue as four Ailled armies y.iammered the saUent rfllerilfessly in i icy weather; Larpche was bypassed ^ and the waist of the salient narrowed to less than nine miles. But on the southern sector of the ^'estern front the driving north against the French First Army from the Colmar area advanced four miles overnight and were within ten miles of imperiled Strasbourg. Bombers Hit Transport In a darine daylight, raid supported by only 300 fighters, I.IOJ U. S. heavy bombers hit bridges, airfields and road junctions behind the bulge and along the Rhine. On the southern flank of the salient the U. S. Third Army advanced along a 20-mlle front from north of Bastogne to east of Wilt^, ?;alning up to 1'- miles, and the 101st airborne division pushed to within 4'j miles Of Houffaliz?, German hub in the heart of thp bulge. At the same time U. S. First Army troops on the north bat within thiee miles of the WXsX Houffalize-St. Vith road. German forces were reported today, retreating frDm the western tip (Continned on Pai :<B S. No. 4) REA to Build 153 Miles of New Lines T))f consi ruction of 181 mlle.s of new lines, providing electricity for ] 11 bout 3.^0 iiddltional fprms In this nreu,' will bf utiirted about February 15 by ih(! Cooperative Pow.s- rilid LiKhi company, It was an' nouncpd thiK morninjt by W. R. Clcndencn. mannijer. OOmplellon of the project will more than double the company'.'; service fftcllltlcs. The contract for the work awarded yesterday tc the A. F. Rcls company,. Topeka, who bid $i57,4'"5 55. Five other concerns entered bids for the work. The new lines will be built in Allen and northeast Neosho counties and will Increase the company'.': total mileage to about 275. Powe- will be puurchased from the Io!a municipal power plant. At the present time the company is serving 250 families. The total number of subscribers will be increased to about 6C0 by the ad- dltio.ial lines. In spite of the scarcity of some commodities. Mr. Clendenen expects that the contract wUl be completed within a reasonable length of time. The needed poles have started Xa arrive from Shreveoort. Louisiana. Poles are very dlfficu't to obtain. The WPB has approved the construction because it will make farm operations much more efficient In the district served. The company operaitea under the REA end It Is expecfed that the md of the war wlU permit exten- jilve additional construction of electric facilities In the area. KNAPP RITES THtlRStoAir cSfP'-in: to Til* Betistcr) Moran. Jan. 10—Pifnfeal services for Prank E. Knaop, Whose death was reported Monday, Will be conducted at 2 D. m. ThoiWay at the KANSAS— Fair tonight and Thursday, 'somewhat colder northeast, warmer extreme west tonight; lowest 20-25 northeast, 25-30 remainder of state; warmer extreme northeast Tharsday. Temperature—Highest for the 24 hours ending 5 p. m. yesterday, 30, lowest last night 21; normal for today 31; deficiency yesterday 12 degrees; deficiency .since January 1, 49 degrees; this date last year- highest 38; lowest 21. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, .0; total for this year to date, .04; deficiency .since January 1, .32 inches. Sumise 8:38 a. m.: .set 6:21 p. m. Thermograph Readings Endinff 8 a. m. Today. 9 a. m 11 9 p. m 27 10 a. m 13 11 a. m 14 12 noon 1 p. m. 2 p. m. 3 p. m. 4 p. m. .'•> p. m. 0 p. ni. 7 p. m. 8 p. m. 16 20 25 30 30 29 29 . .28 .. .27 10 p. m 26 11 p. m 26 12 m 2G 1 a. m. 2 a. m. 3 a. m. 4 a. m. 5 a. m. 6 a. m. 7 a. ni. 8 a. m. 26 26 26 24 .23 23 22 21 Price Lid On Cattle Ceiling Set at $18 Effective January 29; Hike Subsidy Payment Washington, Jan. 10. (AP'—The government slapped a flat price ceiling on live cattle. The action, widely opposed by stockmen, carried with it a move to Eocttae opposition. The original ceiling was set at $18 a hundred weight instead of S17.50 as originally proposed. Annoimced by Stabilization Director Vinson, the measure becomes effective January 29. The new overall ceiling, covering calves as well as cattle, will be lowered to $17.50 on July 2.' Increase Subsidy Vinson also directed: 1. The Defense Supplies corporation to increase subsidy payments on choice beef from $1 to $2 a hundred weight, and on good beef from $1.4 to $l.d5 a hundred weight, Chicago basis. The subsidy payment on choice cattle will be cut by 50 cents July 2. 2. OPA and the War Food Administration to Increase the price of the present stabilization range for choice cattle by $1 and for good cattle by 50 cents a hundred pounds live weight, over the entire country. On July 2 the maximum and minimum of the stabilization range for choice cattle will be reduced by 50 cents a himdred pounds. More CPA Power 3. OPA and WPA to i.ssue a regulation "making it an OPA violation for a slaughterer to pay more, on the average—grade ana yield con- .••idered—than the maximum prices of the stabiUzation range for cattle purchased. and slauehtered over a month's period. This provision does not include calves. 4. WFA tc delegate authority to- OPA to Issu^ an order establishing the maximum percentage of good and choice cattle that any slaugH- terer nmv kill or deliver over a month's time. N0 Cold in Sight Before Thursday Night Topeka, Jan. 10. (AP)— Nice weather ahead and no cold in sight before tomorrow night was Weatherman S. D. Flora's forecast for Kansas today. "I wouldn't want to predict much farther ahead than that," Flora scid. "I've never seen weather move across the coimtry any faster than It has this week. "It's spring weather, but not spring." » Clear weather prevailed over Kansas and all of the Middlewest today and there was no snow on the ground in the .state. HighE of 61 at Dodge City and Goodland yesterday made them the warmest reported state points. Goodland then dropped to 24, the overnight low. Temperatures today and tomorrow were expected to range from 45 to. 60 with the higher reading in western portions. Clear skies and still all- will allow lows tonight of from 20-25. Hero of Two Wars Gets Honorable Discharge Arthur D. Byerly. Tolan who h-i.'- served with distinction in two world Wars and holds the Silver Star for gallantry in action during the New Georgia campaign, has been given an honorable discharge from the army and Is now visiting his parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. S Byerly. 308 West Madison. Mr. Byerly. a plumber by trade, is hoping to secure emploj-ment in this vicinity and make his home in or near lola. He served fourteen months overseas in the first world war'and enlisted in the army again in May, 1P42, although he was then approaching 45 years of age. During the Soloiiion islands invasion he saw sev^^ months of duty and on orie occasion, when his unit was ambushed and subjected to machine gun lire, he crawled forward and rescued several wounded fellow soldiers. His son. Pvt. Arthur W. Byerly, is now with the army in Italy. Nazis Hit Stone Wall Relief Drive On Budapest Blocked; Reds Push Flanking Sweep iBy DANIEL DE LUCE.) MO.SCOW, Jan. 10. (AP)—Red army a.ssaults within Budapest were reported Increasing in fury today while German relief columns, now menaced by a vast outflanking drive north of the Danube bend, had failed In attempts to break through to the besieged garrison. In the 13th day of street lighting, the Ru.sslans claimed control of more than half of the once beautiful Hungarian capital. Northwest beyond the Danube Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky's armor and infantry were making rapid strides toward KomaronH the northbank communications hub which was one of the springboards for the German rescue offensive. Wheel To West In advances of three miles or more, his troops yesterday captured the rlverbank town of Izsa, little more than three and a half miles east of Komarom, and half a dozen other communities to the northeast In a wheeling movement that could carry around the big German base and on toward Bratislava, the Austrian border and eventually to Vienna. 87 miles away. The Russian commiuiique said the Germans were throwing in strong reinforcements to stem this westward Soviet tide, but It declared the Red army .still was advancing. troops were also brought up by the German.s west and northwest of Budapest to fill holes in the battered ranks of their relief columns. New German tank and infantry attacks failed, the official announcement said. The German counterattack, which began January 2—four days after the start of the Russian annihilation offensive against the Budapest garrison—still was being maintained with desperate vigor, front advices said. More than 500 tanks now have been lost by the German command In beating against Marshal Peodor I. Tolbuklilns nank, based on Bicshe. 18 miles west of Budapest, and Dorog, approximately the same distance on the northwest. Dispatches said there were signs that the core of the enemy resistance within Budapest was cracking. The Russians now have captured more than 2,300 of the city's 4,500 blocks. Sc Program Calls for Wise Use Of Wartime Surplus Funds for Essential Peacetimie Purposes Topekd, Jan. 10. (AP)-^ Gov. Andrew F. Sch()eppd outlined d program of broS^ postwar iconstruction to th<^ 1945 ,Kansa!l legislature to>-, day befote a joint session of the house and senate. . "We must npw begin to plan," he told the crowded floor and gallerieii in urging ^e of wartime surpluseit^ for peacetfine construction. Applause; boomed out as the 50- year-old Eovernor mounted the,' house rostrum to start his second biennial message at 12:04 p. m. SUte Offldak Present Crowded-in with the lawmakers, were many^' state officials gathered' to hear hi^'outline of goveminental'l plans for the next two years. " For the ^Republican governor it> was the third day of his seconif term, for the legislature the Second' day of its iSlst regular session. ' "My chief desire in this message,**! he told th^ lawmakers, "bai beeilC to point th^ way where Kansas can>{ have available for use a progranf which will t)e of most assistance Va^ Thousands Pour Ashore Along Lingayen Gulf Withering Naval Fire Sweeps Beach Clear Yank Invasion Armada Weathers Deadly Japanese Air Attack • ' (By thfi As^Aristed Prtwa) • Before the landing on Luzon, the huge invasion armada weath- «re<J the niost deadly air attack the Japanese could mount dating back to January 5.^ The enemy waited until it approached Luzon past en- emy-heldj^ islands before attacking with the fury of desperation. American hiterceptor pilots and anti-aircraft guns knocked down at least 79 iilaites. MacArthur's conununique acknowledged some loss and damage,>ut a high Seventh fleet d£Qcer said it did not hnpair the efficiency of the striking force. ~ A Japanese midget submarine sent two torpedoes toward a group of cruisew, one carrying General MacArthur. They sUthfered harmlessly .tWoug)a the ^formation. The 60-foot sub was forced to the surface by dqDth charges, was ranimed by a destroyer and sent to the bottom. • Sunday night-,the Japanese tried to^ sUp a destroyer into the convoy, but it was detected and .sunk. A second Japanese destroyer was sunk elsewhere.: softening the impact of our immedliiythe accident. ate postwar readjustments. A rtn sible and planned constructloh pre gram will, ^in my opinion, be -tltt most feasibly answer to the now flir- pected devjsloitments." < Maps ProgTMB To that end the 50-year-old chin executive n^ade a running start'(^ his second |erm with these specttCB recommend«tlons: Establishment of a state veterans*: admtalstratjon. . ' r; i Expanskn^ of the new <iiaon%>f receiving hdme. • . Giving cttlea eir wnintliB iicnafir- sion to unite for establishmdbt hospitals ajjd health centers. . Earmarking of funds for hee3^ state builctinss. including a neW state offlceibuildlng. Establishment of a custodial nbine for the aged. Adoption'^of "a definite higjiwijr plan" for road improvement. Enactment of water rights legfa- lation. Restoration of the state Wfcr emereencv ifund to $500,000. Has Bnilding PUn Schoeopei suggested no specific action to iioost governmental salaries but said the problem should have legislative study. With Ws message the governor submitted six-year building, plan for educational, charitable and penal Institutions with the admonition that "further delay will undoUbted- (ContinnM an Pacr A Na.-S) HAPPY SMOKING, GOV. Springfield. IlL, Jan. 10. (AP)— Gov. Dwlght H. Green got a couple of extra special birthday presents on his 48th aimiversary. Two cartons of cigarettes were sent to the governor by two Chicago friends. [QtlTTING TIME Abilene, Kas., Jari. 10. (AP)— I J. B. Edwards, a clerk in the Kansas „^ I state legialatwe for the past 37 years, Methodist church by the Rev. O. i has decided to retire. M Piercd, assisted by the iRev. Den- Edwards, who was a young man ion Wood Burtal wffl be In the about Abilene when WUd BiU Hickok Moran cemetery. . ' wa« the village cop, is 100 years old. Congress Tackles 'WorkorFighr Legislation Washington, Jan. 10. (AP)—Congress tackles officially today the Job of pushing himdreds of thousands of men into essential war Jobs and thousands of women into nUUtary nursing. As spokesmen for the army, the navy, the War Production Board and Selective Service were called before the house mlUtary committee to back "work or fight" legislation aimed at deferred draft -age men. Chairman May (D.-Ky.) introduced another bill making every registered nurse between the ages of 18 and 45 subject to induction. May said "two or three days at the most" would be necessary to dispose of the bill aimed at males, with the nurses -draft measure following. Both proposals are in line with President Roosevelt's request for legislation to use manpower more effectively and to fill the ranks of the army and navy nursing services. And both were generally looked upon as clubs which may never have to be wielded. Should neither prove effective, a bigger one, general national service legislation, can be ptilled off the shelf to which congress has consigned it to date. MISPLACED: ONE HOTEL Portland, Ore Jan. 10. (AP).— Charles J. Eteney got off a bus from Los Angeles, managed to get a hotel room a few blocks away, left his suitcase and went out to eat. He's spent the last five days tiylng to tind the boteL Victor Wayne Foster Missing 'in Action Mrs. PeaVl White, route 1, Car- Ivle, has bean notified by the Nav;/ department; that her nephew, Victor Wayne Foster, coxswain, TJSNR, is missing 5whlle hi the service of his country: He !s believed to,have been on cSuty in t^e southwest Pacific. No details were given. Foster, v«^iose parents died while hR was a child, was reared by Mrs. White. He tittended the SUver Leaf grade school and the lola :hign school. He js now 20 years old. H; has been in the navy since early in 1843, ^ Coxswain .Foster has a sister in the navy, "tilmogene Foster, Y2-c stationed t!it San Francisco, a brother in the army, Pvt. Delmar F. Poster, $heppard Field, Texas, and a seccmd sister. Miss Joanne Foster, Carlyle. Explosion at Sunflower Fatal toE. T.Taylor De Soto, Kas^, Jan. 10. (AP)—An explosion jvhlch occuired at the Sunflower Ordnance Works at 3:48 a. m. today foully Injured Elvin T. Taylor, tt, an operator for the Hercules pdwdes- plant. No one else was Injured, j • Taylor, w^ lived at 511 Hickory street, Ottawa, Kas., died In the plant hospital nbout an hour after i Lt. Col. Donald R. Hyde, commanding officer of the ordnance plant, estimated the- damage at 115,000. % Huge Transport Flies Continent In Record Timei Waisttngitiin, Jan. 10. (AP)—A transcontinental flying record was claimed todiy With war department finnouncemfnt tliat one of its big new transport planes had flown 'from Seattle to Washington in little over she hours. Actual fljing:tlme for the 2,323- mile non-stop tirip. the department said, was six H^ius, three minutes, 60 seconds.' Average speed of the plane, a double-decked transport version of .the ,B-29 Superfortress, Was listed as 3a3 miles an hour. The big piane,' krjbwn as the C-97, left Seattle yestordiy at 11:39 a. m. Pacific war' timp (2:38 p. m. east- em time) and turiVed here at 8:41 p. m. It was piloted by Elliott Merrill, a Boeing aircraft test pilot. Present officii,! records for coast- to-coast flights were made last spring by AAA yllots in P-51 Mustang fighters. Col. C. A. Peterson and Lt. Col. Jack Carter then spanned the continent from Los Angeles to New york with respective records of six YiovLts. 31 minutes, 30 seconds and si}{ hours, 39 minutes, 30 seconds. Last May the ^Lockheed Constellation flew from tdos Angeles to Washington In six hours and 58 minutes. The first bombe?*'converted to a transport whicli Qts into postwar plans while meeting mlUtary needs during the wal-, ihe Boehig-bullt C-97 in a commercial postwar model will be known a| the Strato-Crulser. It has a B-^9 fuselage without the armor, an^ament. bomb bays and other military equipment, with a second fusela^^ superimposed on the first. In its; postwar version it has been, described rather fully but details of the present model designed for army transport sonice have not been disclosed. Von Rundstedti Drive Much Like RomnieVs Breakthrough in Tunisia BT HAL BO"yLE Un Belgiian, Jan. 7. (D^yed). (AP).—Gemian armies have inade only two major breaks th^iagh American Uftes In this war—RdiiP- mel's smash ..from Faid pass in "tk- nlsU ;%fanuB7 14, 1943, and Rundstedtls ^eat winter firivts tie<ginning last Beciamtier 16. It is faiter»tlnig to note the larttles betwmi these two slves, launchM with Teutonic oughness In each case, and. fetiHr close each t»me to its ambfUmiE goal—to divide and destroy the posing American and British' ttaiin. In each case only aeq>erate: tast ditch fight&IB and the tlm^ arrival of reseirves after loiig ibraM marches sav^ American tnaptteSm. being engulf^ and cut to pte()i». Both times- brilliant German ctna^ manders slashed through the Wtat" est point in fhe long Yank lines. In February, 1942, Rommel foresaw that all; German troops left in Africa woulK be bottled up be<jween the British Iphrst army and Affill- can Second xorps to the west' and Montgomery'^ pursuing Eighth.anay which WHS pushing up from the south towarcf the Mareth Une. mslixii^ sleftl with Uiese enemies <ftie at a time, he broke his panzers irom. Fald pass through the weakest point in the Ariiefrican lines, buttered thin over a' wide area. Two Ijattallons of the 34th hifantry dlvl- %4bn holding positions on two hills Sutslde the pass delayed the Germans precious hours until relnforce- iBoits could be Summoned. After sweeping over these two Isttallons, taking bvmdreds of pris- <Aer8, Rommel's panzers drove on 90 miles through/Sbeitla and Kas- i^rlne gap until halted at Thala by British tanlcs and American artil- iery of the Ninth tofantry division Which made a! 740-mIle march through winter storms to arrive in Van nick of time: Another Oermaia column swinging AtMmd in a pincers from the south bad tal^ Oafs ^rlana and The- Kpte. Alarmed by his losses and Kiontgomery's rap^d drive toward the ttareth line, Rommel reluctantly had to pull back his' battered panzers without achieving either of 1^ two greatest goals. Ttoeae goals h(j4 been, fhr8t;;to seize American headquarters near Thebessa and all Its supplies and. Landing Virtually Bloodless Invading Troops, Met ^y SmUing FiUpinos Find Enemy Has Fled; Pile Supplies Ashore 1 By C. YATZS McDANIEL With American Troops on Liiigayen Beachhead, Luzon, Jap. 10. (AP)—As far as I (x>uld learn, not a single man Qf-this division jvas hurt on th4 beach aiid only a few were wounded as they pushed tht-ough the coconut palm plintationg. Instead of armed^ vicious Japanese soldiers, sniiling Filipino civilians met Ainer^can doughboys on the be^ch this morning. They caJne after the dense pall of landing bombardments smoke lifted and dust settled sufficiently to permit identifica- tipn. "The early hours of the battle of Llrigayen gulf were nearly as bloodless for the Japs too. Six hours after the first waves hit the beach, this division found and finished off 11 enemy snipers. At no place did men of this division run into any organized resistance and we'found little evidence that the Japs ever intended to offer any. "Bear Americans Coming" A grinning PlUphu) lad. holding a ro|^ anchored to the ring In the nose of a sleep-looking carabao, explained why there were no troops to fight. He said: "Last night the Japs hear AmMcans coming. This morning they all run away." Americans pushing cautiously but rapidly hiland soon found out that the Filipino lad had the answer. We found several single-strand barbed wire lines but they were easy to ^tep over or duck through. There weiTe a few shallow fox-holes but we;found no booby traps or land mines such as we encountered during the early days on Leyte. If the Japanese ever had any dugouts or pill bo:^, we either did not see them or Uiey were buried in the sand by our- bombardment. Povir Supplies In This division is taktag the fullest advantage of the enemy's fallin-e to lesist on or near the beach. NO sooner were the assaidt jsraves on ihe shore than LSTs began un- loadirig heavy equipment. Already graders and bulldozers are clearing away rubble and smoothing sand roads for. Jeeps, trucks and tractors which are carrying food and ammun1ti/m ashore All this acUvlty is betag carried on to the audible admiration of crowds of Filipinos-^rmany of whom are lending willing hands to the vrork. MacArthur Goes Ashore With Assault Troops (Br the Associated Press > MacArthur, wearing his famed campaign hat and five stars on his collar, sat atop the motor box of his invasion craft smoking a big com cob pipe a^ he headed toward shore with iiis men about two hours' after the initial wave of assault troops landed on Luzon. The general waded ashore and took out In a Jeep for the nearest command post. When the jeep broke down, he made It by foot. Soon he was talking with privates and generals alike, highly pleased with the progress of the operation. He had the satisfaction of landing with a powerful army on the same Lingayen beaches the Japanese used in their invasion wiiich started Nippon toward its military height in this war. Once MacArthur's forces began pouring ashore, the Japanese were as helpless as were the American and Filipinos at the same place on December 22, 1941. LaWmakierg Praise Goyemdr *8 Message l^tpeka, Kas., Jan. 10. CAP)—Kansas lawmakers greeted Oov. Andrew F.^cboeppel's message today with a mixture of mthusiasm and groans at the amotmt of work laid out for their 51st session. Democrats Joined with the Republican majority in commending the governor's outline of postwar needs. Sen. Roy F. Bailey of SaUna likened the message to "a report of a stockholders. Set Fires In Tokyo B-29's Hit Capital And Formosa in Support of Luzon Landing Washington, Jan. 10. (AP)—Japan, beset by General MacArthm-'s onslaught agatast the Phllippilies, battles flames today In its capital city and talUed damage on Formosa in the wake of the latest Sujjerfortress strikes. Some 40 Saipan-based B-29s slamming explosives and fire bombs on Tokyo yesterday for the first time in two weeks touched off fires in the target, the war department an­ noimced. Simultaneously, up to 40 of the sky mammoths whipped from Asiatic bases to pummel military installations on Formosa, the Japanese island stronghold which funnels planes, troops and supplies to the Invaded PhlUpphies. Heavy Ack-Ack Fb -e Encotmtering moderate fighter opposition, the Tokyo raiders bagged two enemy interceptors and probably destroyed two more. Anti-aircraft lire was termed Intense to moderate. Weather over the target was clear and visual bombing was accomplished. In many of their previous blasts against the Japanese homeland the B -29s were forced to txjmb through heavy overcasts with precision instruments. Additional details of this raid soon will be announced by the Guam headquarters of the 21st bomber command and by the 20th air force In Washington. No Opposition at Formosa A Japanese hnperial communique said some 60 B-29s staged the raid on Tokyo and nearby targets on Honshu island. In line with theh- poUcy of mlnhnlzlng the results of American air attacks, the Japanese claimed damage was "negligible." Cloud cover obscured the results of the strike by China-based B-29s against Formosa. No enemy fighter opposition or ack-ack fire was en- coimtered. All planes returned. I business man to his ^nd. to swtog adrthwaxd through j It was a cUnical diagnosis of what Thala behind th^ rear of the Brit- (CMittBBe4 m Page % Ne. t). we have to do and how we have to do it- Japs Claim Destruction Heaped On Invaders fBy tfce Anoeiated Pre»»l Admlttfaig the American hivaslon of Luzon, the Tolcyo radio today said the battle of the PhUippUies had entered its main stage and 300,000 American officers and men are doomed to die." . Reports from Gen. Douglas MacArthur said American landings were m.ade against siUT)ri8ingly light opposition, but the Japanese broadcast, recorded by the Federal Communications Commission, made grandiose claims of destruction heaped upon the Yanks. Tokyo told of tanks and amphibious tractors being blown up as they reached the beaches. In the pre- landlng exchange of gunfhe "one enemy cruiser was instanly sunk and four transports were set ablaze," the radio said. None of the Japanese claims were confirmed by Allied sources. > The, Japanese repeatedly have reported the sinking of fleets of American' warships and transports. Smash Toward Manila Yanks from 800-Ship Convoy Land Agapst Amazingly Light Opposition from Japs (By the Associalwl VrfS.*) Gen. MacArthur's Headquarters on Luzon, Philippines—Tens of thousands of American troops, landing with Gen. Dougla.s MacArthur yesterday in Lingayen gulf on Western Luzon Island, drove tank-led spearheads south across flatlands toward Manila today in the climactic showdown fight for the Philippines. Manila was less than 120 miles away through low, dry country excellently suited for the enormous quantities of mechanized equipment landed with the veteran fighting men from an 800-ship convoy which stretched out for 70 miles. Twenty-four hours after the initial landings, made against amazingly light opposition at 9:30 a. m., the Sixth army Yanks still were pouring ashore and over the same crescent of sand dunes the Japanese- Invaders used three years ago. Landing losses were officially re- porte(i as very light. MacArthur With Troops General MacArthur, wading ashore with an assault wave, established headquarters on the island where his outnumbered men fought valiantly in defeat at Bataan and (Dorregidor. * With the support of a blistering dawn naval and air barrage of shells, bombs and rockets, Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger's Sixth army veterans landed along 15 miles of Lingayen Gulf, found the beaches virtually cleared of defenders and quickly pushed inland. The beachhead extended from near Lingayen _clty on the southern shore eastward' to San Fabian. The low American casualties refuted enemy warnings that an Invasion of Luzon _ would be a costly undertaking froni the start. Japanese defenses ashore were woefully Inadequate. Some trenches were only a foot deep. No Bloody Battle (Broadcasts from the scene said the Japanese weri' .so frantic with rage some swam out and threw hand Krenudc.v at the American ships, "like throwing a snowball at a hot stove." Of momentous importance In tightening a military noose on Japan, the Invasion was orderly. There.was no bloody battle on the beaches. The Americans merely ploughed up the invasion ground with a fearsome preliminary barrage of hundreds of tons of metal and swarmed ashore calmly. At one point only 11 snipers could be found in an hour's search. General MacArthur triumphantly announced the landing had severed Japan's lines of reinforcement and supply, forcing the enemy to fight with such resources as he has on the Island. "His back door Is closed," Mac- Arthiu' said in today's commimlque. "The decisive battle for the Uber- ation of the Philippines and control of the southwest Pacific Is at hand." Japs Not Ready The general said the Japanese evidently did not expect the hivas­ lon at the Lingayen Gulf sector, anl attributed the light American losses (Contlnned on Pace d. No. 1) May Be 350,000 Men In Lingayen Landing (B; the Aaiociated Preti) Estimates of the number of men with MacArthur in his reinvaslon of Luzon island ran Upwards from an Axis report of 60,000 to triple that figure. If crews aboard the SOO-shIp convoy are Included, possibly more than 350,000 men were involved in Tuesday's landing on Lingayen gulf, which would make it the greatest amphibious operation In military

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