Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa on December 26, 1935 · Page 2
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Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa · Page 2

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Thursday, December 26, 1935
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LENOX TIME TABLE, LENOX, IOWA Pickard © V.'a<em NowfwpCT Union Edouard Herrlot Franco-British Peace Plan Stirs Up a Big Row P REMIER LAVAL of France and Sir Samuel Hoare, Rrltlsh foreign secretary, seem to have made »n awful mess of things with their plan to end the Italo-Ethioplan war. As was explained last week, they proposed that Italy should be reward- *t ed for ceasing its Invasion of Ethiopia by receiving about two-thirds of that hapless country, in return for which Emperor Haile Selassie was to be granted a seaport. As the callousness of this plan dawned on the world, angry protests were heard everywhere. The English people were so aroused that Prime Minister Baldwin's government was threatened. Still worse was the plight of Laval's ministry, for Edouard Herriot, leader of the powerful Radical Socialists, attacked the premier's policy as Inimical to the League of Nations. His party, Her- rlot declared, favors settlement of the war by conciliation, but only on the following conditions: First, It must be freely accepted by both parties, and second, the method of conciliation must be compatible with the covenant of the league and the principles of collective security and must be acceptable to the league. Placed before the league council, the peace plan was assailed by representatives of the smaller European nations which fear they, too, might be similarly sacrificed in the future; and Mexico and other Latin American nations also signified that they disapproved it Halle Selassie strategically demanded that the league assembly pass upon the proposals. Mussolini took them under consideration, asking that they be "clarified"; but the inspired Italian press said the plan would give Italy less than her armies have conquered in the Tigre, "only sand" in the East and South and a zone of Influence where hostile Emperor Eaile Selassie would reign. Throughout the whole matter ran the mysterious threads of secret European diplomacy and one could only guess at the real motives of those concerned. It was supposed Baldwin and his British cabinet were weakening in the matter of sanctions against Italy because they feared Mussouni would resist by force of arms and would do tremendous damage to the British fleet in the Mediterranean with his powerful air force. Laval, of course, was still trying to preserve both his political position and the new Franco-Italian friendship. Mussolini seemed satisfied for the present to keep everyone else terribly worried. A dispatch from the Italian front reveals the Interesting fact that Henry Ford canceled the contract for SOO cars for the Italian army and thereby, according to Gen, Eu- dolfo GrazlanI, greatly slowed up the Invaders on their march toward Addis Ababa. Republican Convention Awarded to Cleveland CLEVELAND is the place and V - J June n the date selected for the Republican national convention of 1936. The national committee heard arguments on behalf of Chicago, Kansas City and Cleveland, and then decided on the Ohio city, largely for political reasons. Gov. Alt Landon of Kansas City and Col. Frank Knox of Chicago both being potential candidates for the nomination, it was thought wise to hold the convention in neutral territory. Ralph E. Williams of Oregon, vice chairman of the committee, was made chairman of the committee on arrangements. Delegates to the convention will number 907, or 157 fewer than In 1032. The national committee concluded Its session with an invitation to conservative Democrats to join with the Republicans in the effort to oust the Roosevelt administration, Gov. Talmadge Announces His Candidacy U NLESS Eugene Talmadge, the fiery governor of Georgia, changes his mind, the Democratic national convention isn't going to be the mere Roosevelt renomlnation love feast that administration supporters had Intended it should be. Talnmdge went to Washington an<! there boldly announced that he •would be a candidate for the Presidential nomination. Be declared the Democrats would lose the election if they put Roosevelt at the beac of the ticket again, and denounce! the President as an "usurper" In the party. The governor also announced tha a convention of tha "southern Jef fersonlan Democracy" would be held in Atlanta the last week in January for the purpose of formu latlng a program to battle the New Deal and President Roosevelt. He added: "The southern and Dordef states have 860 votes in the Democratic national convention. It takes but SC7 votes to block the nomination of a President. We are going to bring a lot of delegates to :hat convention." Asked about his views on the Townsend plan, providing for the payment of $200 monthly to all >ersons more than sixty years old, he governor said he was opposed to any pension plan except one for ncapacitnted veterans of the World war. He favors payment of the soldiers' bonus out of the $4,800,000,- XX) works relief appropriation, he added. fames A. Reed Bolts the Roosevelt Camp J AMES A. REED, former senator from Missouri and long one of the more prominent Democrats, Is another who will not support Franklin D. Roosevelt for re-election. He said in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, that f the Presldont were renomlnated he was prepared to vote for the Re- >ublican nominee provided the lat- ;er is pledged to stand for the Constitution and American fundamentals. "In so acting and voting," said Mr. Reed, "I shall continue to be a real Democrat My Democracy shall not be taken away by any one man or group of men who have attained office by posing as Democrats and who have turned out to be enemies of all the Democratic party has advocated in the past and which the real Democrats of the United States still cherish." Senator Lewis Is Willing to Be Re-Elected CENATOR JAMES HAMILTON LEWIS, returned to his Chicago home from a trip to Russia, dur- ng which he was critically ill in Moscow, appeared to be entirely recovered, and declared he was wiling to serve another term as sena- :or from Illinois if his party wished ,t. He was emphatic in classifying ilmself as "an Independent Democrat," who had, on occasions, opposed the will of the President and some of the administration's plans. Senator Lewis disclosed his plans 'or a personal campaign for reduction of federal expenses by drastic consolidation of governmental agencies. The $30,000,000.000 federal debt is a matter of deep concern to him, he asserted. Vfasaryk Wishes Benes to Be His Successor 'TPHOMAS MASABYK, one of the -*• really great figures brought out by the World war, has resigned as president of the republic of Czechoslovakia which he founded. He is eighty-six years old and wearied by a lifetime of work to revive and govern the old Bohemian nation, so in a solemn ceremony in the historical palace on a hill above Prague he abdicated. Masaryk declared he considered it his duty to help In the choice of a new president, and let it be known that he favored for the post Foreign Minister Eduard Benes, his close associate in the campaign for the independence of the country. The chief executive of Czechoslovakia has a difficult task, for he must control the Nazis in the German minority districts, the Fascists among the Slovaks, the Hungarian Irrldentists among the Hungarian minority and the Communists who are agitating in all the industrial centers of the country. Calles Returns to Mexico and Trouble Results DLUTARCO ELIAS CALLES, one* time "Iron man" of Mexico, has 'returned there from his exile in California with the apparent intention of disputing the rule of the country with President Lazaro Cardenas. In order to prevent a military coup against the government, Cardenas dismissed Gen. Medina Veytla as chief of the military zone of the Valley of Mexico and Gen. Joaquin Amaro as director of the national military school. Both were among the supporters of Calles, as were five senators who were previously expelled on charges of rebellious and seditious activities. The administration's next move was to oust four state governors. Most leftist labor organizations lined up with the president, more than two score of them petitioning the government to expel Calles as a "Fascist threat." However, Luis Morones, leader of the powerful regional confederation of workers and peasants, accompanied Calles by plane from Loa Angeles. Eduard Benes Carlos Mendieta Resigns Presidency of Cuba C ARLOS MENDIETA resigned as president of Cuba because of a fierce quarrel In the government over procedure for the election of a constitutional president. Mendieta had held the office for two years. Secretary of State Barnet took over the office and reappolnted all members of the cabinet, and preparations for the election went ahead. Agreement Reached for Air Route Across Atlantic T HE United States and Great Britain, In the conference at Washington, agreed upon a plnn that Is expected to result In regular air mall and passenger transportation across the Atlantic by the summer of 1937. Negotiations were under way for the northern route by way of Canada, Newfoundland, and Irish Free State to England, and the southern route from Porto Rico and American ports to England. Under the agreement experimental flights will begin next summer. When regular service is inaugurated, according to the agreement, four round trips will be made each week. Constitutional Rule in Egypt Is Restored CONTINUOUS rioting In Cairo, directed against British control of Egypt, attacks on English soldiers and smashing of street cars and shop windows, forced Premier Nes- slm Pasha and his cabinet to decide to resign. The rioters demanded the restoration of the constitution of 1923 and the ministers pleaded with Sir Miles Lampson, British high com- mlssloner, to give h i s consent> He wag obdurate In his refusal until Nes- slm Pasha announced that he would quit, but yielded then to avoid disorders similar to those of 1919. Therefore, with the consent of Great Britain, King Fuad signed a royal decree restoring constitutional government, and the cabinet members withdrew their resignations. The constitution thus restored provides for a senate and chamber of deputies and takes control of Egypt's Internal affairs completely out of British hands. It does not, however, affect Great Britain's control of Egyptian foreign affairs, nor the British military protectorate. Japanese Troops Seize Another Chinese City S TILL further tightening their grip on North China, the Japanese sent a big detachment of troops with machine guns to Kalgan, Chahar province, the interior gateway on the great wall. The soldiers seized the vital railway yards and closed all city gates. About the same time armed forces of the east Hdpel autonomous state which Japan supports took possession of Tanhku, the strategic seaport of Tientsin. These two movements gave Japanese and Japanese-sponsored forces control of both ends of a 200-mile line extending through Chahar and Hopel provinces, from Kalgan down through Pelplng, ancient capital of China, and Tientsin, important commercial city, to Tang- ku and the sea. Farm Bureaus Uneasy About Federal Fiscal Policies B EFORE the American Farm Bureau federation closed its convention In Chicago, it adopted a resolution endorsing reciprocal trade treaties. To avoid dissension, the resolution did not mention specially the recent trade agreement between Canada and the United States, which lowered the duty on many farm 'products coming in over the northern border. Another of the 17 resolutions adopted at the meeting concerned "federal fiscal policies." Indicating their uneasiness over the mounting federal deficit, the farmers recommended that the fiscal policies of the government be modified, and that "Its revenues shall be increased, and that its expenditures shall be decreased, to the end that within the next few years a balance shall be attained." The federation also approved a resolution pledging Itself to defend the Agricultural Adjustment administration act. The meeting offered no serious criticism of the act, but asked that its administration be simplified. President to Ask Big Sum {or Social Security A DMINISTRATION officials state •£*• that President Roosevelt will ask the new congress for a $100,' 00,000 appropriation as the Initial fund to launch the federal social security program going into effect January 1. The fund U to be dls tributed among the states for the needy old aged in the form of pensions, for maternity and child welfare, and to aid the blind. State commissioners and public welfare directors were summoned to Washington by the social security board to discuss formulation of regulations and procedure. WASHINGTO IGEST/ BY WILLIAM BRUCKART NATIONAL PRESS BLDG. WASHINGTON?*.!:. Washington.—In our discussion last week of the problem facing the new session of Bonus congress, space Will Past W!ls devoted to the To w n s e n d $200-a-month old age pension plan. Next to the Townsend plan, probably the hottest potato confronting the administration and congress Is the soldiers' bonus. It Is on the doorstep and one not to be dodged. Unless all signs fail, congress will pass n bill providing for immediate cash payment of the bonus—and President Roosevelt will sign It. At the present time the total number of bonus certificates In force Is approximately 8,500,000. They have an aggregate value of about $3,500,000,000. But from time to time congress has enacted legislation permitting the veterans of the World war to borrow money from the government on these certificates and figures supplied by the Veterans bureau here indicate that these loans total about $1,700,000,000. Thus It is made to appear that If congress provides for immediate payment of the bonus and the President approves, there will be a new drain on the treasury of approximately $1,800,000,000. While there is no connection directly between the Townsend plan and the soldiers' bonus, the two programs are linked in one way: each proposes to take money out of the federal treasury. Withdrawal of further money from the United States treasury for whatever purpose becomes an Important question at this time because our nation now shoulders the greatest debt it has ever known. Within the last week, the treasury has borrowed nn additional $900,000,000 and at the same time it refunded about $480,000,000 more. Refund- Ing is simply paying off one bond by issuing another so that the financial transaction In the middle of December Involved almost $1,400,000,000 and when that job was completed the debt of the United States reached a new peak of $30,500,000,000, or $240 for every man, woman and child of our population. Now, $240 may not seem like much of a debt for each person to assume but Its payment—and debts have to be paid—devolves not upon 130,000,000 people but upon a considerably less number. The national debt, therefore, must be considered from the standpoint of the burden it places upon a comparably small number of people—those who pay the taxes. * * * Payment of the bonus or the Townsend old age pensions neces- sarlly must add to Will Add that debt. While to Debt there are many authorities w h o Insist that the national debt can go much higher without impairing the value of the bonds the government Issues, the fact cannot be disputed that any additions to the present financial burden reduce the possibility of early payment of that debt. Then, tlt« question of its maintenance becomes important. The debt bears interest which must lie paid every year. On the present basis, the interest on the national debt alone approximates $750,000,000 per pear and that Interest results from probably the lowest rate we will sue for many years. Indeed, the chances are that any future borrowings or refundings will have to be accomplished at Interest rates higher than the government Is paying and that means, of course, an increase In the annual interest charge. Whatever the merits are of either the Townsend old age pension plan or the cash payment of the bonus, the fact remains that congressional approval of either one or both necessarily means the piling up of additional debt. I know that the Townsend plan supporters contend that the old age pension can be made self-sustaining but it is a physical Impossibility for it to be self-sustaining In the first few years of Its life and that obligation necessarily must be assumed by the treasury. There Is no provision whatsoever for raising the money with wlilcb to pay the soldiers' bonus. * * * The history of the soldier bonus fight is one revealing consistent opposition by I'resI- Fought by dents to its pay- 4 Presidents me "'- ^ r °m tlie time It was first proposed In congress In the administration of President Harding, no President thus far has been willing to support It. Harding, Coolidge, Hoover and Roosevelt, up to this time, have fought payment of the bonus in a lump sum. Each had his own reasons but each reached the same conclusion, numely, that It placed too much of a drain on the treasury and consequently too much of a burden on the taxpayers of the country. Each President has held it to be class legislation—appropriation of funds of all for the benefit of a few. With the advent of the Roosevelt administration and Its New Deal policies many recommendations were made and acted upon appropriating money from the general treasury for the use of a single, class. The public works and relief funds, appropriated to keep people from starving, falls within that category. No one disputes the necessity for feeding the destitute; no one argues against providing food, clothing and fuel for those unable to care for themselves and no one can take Issue with the fact that when states and cities were unable to care for their destitute, the federal government was compelled to step In. Nevertheless, general funds were used for a limited number of the population. That fact is probably the most Influential at the present time when the soldiers' bonus and the Townsend old age pension problems are before congress. With few exceptions, I have found representatives and senators saying that It Is difficult to reconcile support for the gigantic relief appropriations and at the same time refusal of support for the other two. The Roosevelt administration likewise finds Itself In difficulties In expressing any opposition to the soldiers' bonus because of the admitted waste that has gone on. It has added more than $8,000,000,000 to the national debt since March, 1033, and the most friendly of administration critics admit the wastage has been substantial. * • • Speaking of the administration's political efforts to maintain or Increase party Campaign strength, Wash- Plans Ington observers are now convinced that the President will depend upon the South and the West for re-election. If these observers are correct in their analysis of the early campaign methods, Mr. Roosevelt is trying to align agriculture and labor as the foundation stones for a vote victory. It Is a most Interesting circumstance, politically. It Is the first time It has been attempted by the "ins" and It will add something to the knowledge of politicians if It works satisfactorily. v Heretofore, attempts have been made many times by the "outs" to align labor and agriculture to defeat the party In power. It has always failed. So that If it can he accomplished by the party In power, there will have been demonstrated how the use of public money combined with favorable legislation of a class character can be employed to maintain control of the government. There Is every reason to believe that "Big Jim" Farley, postmaster general, chairman of the Democratic National committee and chairman of the New York State Democratic committee, is not hopeful of winning the East with the possible exception of his home state of New York. Of course, Mr. Farley will not admit the truth of this statement nor will any of his subordinates make a confession that the East Is turning against the President and the New Deal. Such an admission would wreck state organizations of his party, so lie glibly Insists that Mr. Roosevelt will carry as many states as he did in 1032 but the undercurrent of events and plans of the Democratic national committee indicate otherwise. * * * The success of the administration's plan to mold agriculture and labor into a cohe- Sleepy S ive political Republicans framework Is going to turn largely on what the Republicans do. Thus far, it can be said that the New Deal plans for aligning labor and agriculture are moving forward quite undisturbed. The reason Is the sleepiness and the cowardice of Republican leadership. It has done nothing on this score showing either Initiative or courage. Of course, the Republican strategy appears to be one of delay in order to avoid an early counter attack from the New Deal but political observers here— men who have studied politics for a quarter of a century and more— fall to understand why the Republican National committee Is not active in raising money for the forthcoming battle. If the Republicans expect to make an appreciable dent In the New Deal armor,, they must go to the country. If they expect to hold the East where business leaders admittedly are anti-New Deal, the arguments why they should adhere to Republican policies must be advanced continuously. If they expect to make any gains in the Middle West or ID the Pacific coast area, their side of the story must be told to the voters. As I said earlier, little If anything Is being done in this direction—so little in fact that an unbiased oh server falls to see how Mr. Farley's statement that Mr. Roosevelt will carry as many states as he did In 1932 can be disproved. It is generally understood that a reorganization of the Republican National committee will take place very soon. O Western Newspaper UitLoo. The Luxury of Free Speech at She I* Spoke in London. S PEAKING of unrestrained gab in England and the tendency of my countrymen to drift of a Sunday into Hyde Park, there to absorb the rhetorical outpourings of sensitive souls yearning to be heard above the clamor of diplomats who babble one to the other in peace palaces, let me say that the Hyde Park wind bags run second money ivith the lads who unlimber wag- Sing tongues in the shadow of Henry trvlng's stately bronze statue, situated behind the National Gallery, hard by Charing Cross. Strolling of an evening in this entrancing environment, I came upon a mild-mannered gent who had mounted his portable rostrum, for what purpose it was not revealed oeyond a brief Introduction touch- Ing on the collection of voluntary subscriptions to alleviate the suffering of somebody or something. In a wandering preamble he set forth the fact that he was " 'ere to arouse sympathy in 'uman breasts for a cause that cried aloud for recognition." " 'Arf a mo there, you," interrupted a bystander, stabbing his soiled finger at the speaker, "wot are you doln 1 In London wl' yer sellln' talk? Bleedin' free British subjects o' their shillln's? Arskln' 'elp In th* name o' mercy? Yus, that's It I'll lay a quid you won't answer a question I am abaht to arsk, 'ere and nah." Heckler to the Front. A tremor of expectation swept through the little group that had moved in like black sand to a magnet Forward stepped the heckler with blood in his eye. "Wot abaht the trustln' people you done in at Brighton larst week?" continued the Inquisitor, who had begun to sweat around the collar band. "Yus, that's it. Come now, me bucko; wot 'ave you .to show on yer books? Nothing; not a farthin' o' what yer got wi' yer bulgln' jaw, I arsk yer." "Lydles and gentlemen," replied the accused, wetting his lips, "this man Is a strynger to me, 'E Is Intoxicated. This interruption is a disgrace, in a manner o* speakin'." "Not me, intoxicated," retorted the interrupter; "not a whiff o' drink on me breaf, nor a bitter in me belly. Sober, so 'elp me, but ragln' to tell wot I knows abaht yer trim- min' tactics wl 1 other people's money. Books Is what I arsks yer to show. Yer darn't turn up again In Brighton. A bally lot o' bilkers and layln' thieves wif 'ands on the people's purse; tappin' the well springs o' beatln' 'earts for the great cause. Where Is yer books? That's it. Come, now, speak up; I arsk you, welcher, liar, thief—" And Now the Law. Through the crowd, now multiplying like files, loomed a policeman, leisurely, I thought, but with obvious purpose, and made his way to the heckler. At the approach of the law the speaker brightened. "Officer, arrest this man," he said. "E's makin' a disturbance." "That's It," chipped In the gentleman from Brighton, "I'm tellin' what I knows and 'ere's my card. Listen, awficer, I'm offerln' this cove a quid—two quid—I'll make II five quid," he shouted, slapping his pockets In search of loose change, "If he'll allow me to get up on the box and speak rae mind abaht him and 'Is gang. There you are. That's It. Where's 'Is books? Dahn in Brighton 'e Is wanted. . . ." "Would you care to lay a charge?" asked the bobby, producing a note book. "Aren't I statin' the case? Wot more do yer want to do. 'Ere am I offerin' what I knows. Lemme 'op up on the soap box and tell. . . ." "That is not sufficient," said the officer. "If you wish to proceed against this man, there must be a definite complaint. So far as I am concerned he is a British subject addressing the people and is not to be Interfered with except for cause." "On With the Show." Murmurs of Impatience arose from the gathering throng. "Let him speak." "Wot's he got to say, anyhow?" "Speech." "Speech." "Come on. 'Arry tike the platform." "That's it," said the Brighton man waiving his way forward. "The time 'as come." The soft but restraining hand of the law fell upon the sleeves of the speech laden volunteer. "Not here," said the cop, "not until the other gentlemen is through." For some reason or other the cove who had the floor didn't seem to be in good form. The very presence of the man from Brighton got on his nerves; temperament, no doubt. Eventually, after floundering In a morass of words, he stepped down. Whereupon Brighton's champion wind Jammer, steaming with emotion, again offered various sums ranging from five to ten pounds British real money for a "peek a' the bally books." Cnnvrlght—WNH S«rno«. I v.E*pb S u, and Dust - FDR YOUR EYES Poiiible Goethe said, "Every wron . avenged on earth." it ffiay b • laws are enforced. place. H'a entrey aef- heating or wires. No weary, endlewtrS a hotBtoveand ironing board. owngaa. Burns 96* air. Ltehtaii -no pre-heatmg, Operating cost "nl? ******* THE COLEMAN LAMP fi. 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They are reco-n. mended the country over. A* your ntlghborl DOAN SPILLS The liniment » ". horses and cows to , LaW I e °M;Tcarton, Demand tlie Mack and white cario PIMPLES. conditions 'from surface conditions r need not be endured. , We your skin dearer r and smoother with i soothino ^ soothino f Resmol THE ROOMS THE FOOD THE RATES

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