Pftff* i PUBLISHED BVERY SATUBDAY BY MELVIN JOHNSON INCORPORATED BENJAMIN F. JOHNSON, President and Traaiurw MARY MELVIN, Vtn-Pnaldent ud Secretary. Entered Â»t the PcwtaSlee at Denton. Ud.. ai i mall matter. Saturday Morning. December 3, 1938 BETWEEN WAR AND PEACE Washington correspondents close to the Administration are publishing the statement that officials are actually thinking in terms of a war between the United States and Germany, that the build-up for such a war in the minds of the people has already begun. Are statesmen incapable of a new idea? If they are, then there is no escape from the vicious circle of violence in which humanity has been turning for centuries. It is the policies of the past that have led us to our present situation. Obviously, if world conditions which EO horrify and distress us all are to be improved we must do something different from anything we have done in the past. A few weeks ago Mary Pickford was in Washington and spoke with greut earnestness to the Women's Pre=s Club about the importance of "arming to the teeth." I could not help remembering that a year or so ago Miss Pickford wrote a book, the title of which offered different advice. It was "Why Not Try God?" In essence, that advice would mean ceasing to return evil for evil. How else is goodness ever to come into existence? Specifically, such advice would mean at the moment that our thought and energies and resources would be devoted, even at the cost of some eac- rifice and some risk, to helping the oppressed, instead of being spent in condemning nnd arming against the oppressors. It would mean abandoning attitudes and policies ourselves which, carried to their logical climax, have resulted in the present deplorable situation in Germany. Events in Germany have revealed just what is 1y- found in the residential fielil. Future steady improvement is expected here, anil also in industrial construction. ELECTRIC POWER: Output is at a good level for the season. The utilities' new expansion program is slowly getting underway. The apparent "truce" reached between this indu" try and the Administration is an encouraging factor. AGRICULTURE: Is still a comparatively dark spot in an otherwise brightening economic picture. As this column has observed before, the government's farm program has- sulfcrud practically complete collapse. On the other hand, farm income for the year will reach a fairly good total, and no "crisis" in agriculture is to be expected. PRICES: Commodity prices have been Â· strengthening, but most authorities regard them as being still too low in the light of the gains in industrial activity. Gradual rises over a considerable period ?f time are anticipated. RETAIL TRADE: Is improving in most sections of the country, along with purchasing power. Many stores are revising their buying programs, in belief that sale-.- will be substantially greater this winter and spring than seemed possible a few months ago. TRANSPORTATION: Railroad car- loadings arc tending upward, but the industry's financial position remains alrn.oÂ£t as precarious as before. Hopes are pinned to a large extent on possible congressional action to alleviate some of the lines' troubles. It is an interesting and important fact that no one seems to expect recovery to attain boom proportions. Moe-t experts think that the rate of improvement will be comparatively slow--that we are In a steady, long- pull trend. --oOo-- Only on rare occasions do topflight government officials openly and directly criticize the government or policies of another power. Thus, when President Roosevelt recently, spoke of the Jewish persecutions in Germany as being horrible and almost unbelievable, he was doing the unusual and the daring. The immediate response was a bitter campaign of vilification against this country in the relation between the 21 democracies of the new world is a ceaseless undertaking. Our Government 1ms not retreated from Mr. Hull's stern rebuke in August iit which he told the Mexican government that it was ullvniplinj; to enforce "tiie rule of confi cation", and that acceptance of such a policy "would imperil the very foundation of modern civilization." He added: "Human progress would be fatally set back." The United States has always displayed Job-like patience i*i adherence to "the spirit of friendly tolerance nnd of mutual forebenr- ance," which the State Department recently declared "proverbial in our inter-American life." The volume of trade between the United States and Latin-America hns been falling off. Imports to Mexico dropped 58.2 per cent from Api-il to August this year as Mexico resorted to barter arrangements with Germany and Italy. The United States holds a slight edge over Germany in Brazil. The Chamber of Commerce of the United States attempts to explain the shift of trade to other nations than our own as due to lowered manufacturing nnd selling costs in other countries, and increases in such costs here; and "manipulating currencies, barter agreements and long credits," and other devices that mitigate against us. The studies indicate that there ^ave been important change:! in the types of products imported, and this fact ha,? influenced favor in behalf of many varieties of European goods. Tho United States must take its chances in competition with alt other nations in the markets of world trade. chafes by the American government to pay owners of farm lands. Tho Mexican government says it 'has no money." If that is even a h n l f t r u t h t h e only way settlement ever can be made foi- several hundred million dollars w o r t h of American, British and D u t c h oil properties by and if Europeans and Asiatics outdistance us in a fair race for Latin- American business that will have to be accepted as our fault. But when a Southern Republic goes wild, that's different--and that's what drew five- from Secretary Hull in his rebukes in last summer's note?. THE RAILROADS AND Mexico would be by compelling- Mexico to r e t u r n the properties to their l a w f u l owni'i's. TIIE POOR ARE ALWAYS WITH US A good deal of attention is being given of late to the views of Ihtrry Hopkins, who has been repealing the statement for two years that government relief should be accepted as a permanent public responsibility. The Good Book Li called upon, as a reminder that "Tho poor always ye have with you." The only difference anyone has with Mr. Hopkins' opinion on this matter is the question of administration by the Federal Government, or by local officials. In the past the poor have been a responsibility of neighbors, friends and village boards, or city administrations. Local units used to assume the responsibility of caring for the poor and most people would like to think (.hut the time will come when they will do it again, iivtcad of side- saddling off the responsibilities onto the government which hns plenty of things to io outside of relieving local people nnd authorities of their obligations towiircls their unfortunate neighbors. conference to be held in December. Trade, Pan-American defense and the policies of the Americas in the world of today will be major topics; and most of all that weighty subject of a league of t h e American to work for peace- and progress not only for the western hemisphere but for the world ... a league which in no wuys will compete with or interfere with the wurk of the League of Nations. The 19th Assembly of the League of Nations, which recently concluded its meetings at Geneva, voted an appropriation of 1,200,000 francs to enable the League to participate in the New York World Fair which will open in April, 1939. Work on the of l Â»e river. Monument Near Montreal Pays Tribute to Heroine No episode in Canadian history is more stirring than that of the valiant defense of a fort in the picturesque Canadian village of Vercheres against a marauding band of Iroquois Indians about 250 years ago by a fourteen-year-old girl, recalls a. writer in the Boston Herald. Madeleine de Vercheres is the heroine's name and her epic feat is commemorated by a monument to her honor. It stands, only a short distance from the ruins of the fort she defended, at the edge of the St. Lawrence river, 10 miles below Montreal on the south shore WE WANT PEACE The United States is anxiour, today as it wa; in 1914 to remain on good terms with the German. Government. Looking back upon the past it seems as though we might have found a way to keep out of the World War. W should find nn honorable way to kee out of the coming conflict, whic fnunda'.ion of the League's pavilion ha : = already begun. The design is pentagonal, illustrative of the five continents. A circular supcrr.tructurc supported by a number of pillars and suggestive of the ideal of the crown of the League of Nations rests upon this. Tho pavilion i,; being built by th.3 firm which erected the Rockefeller Centre of New York and is expected to be rwidj for the opening of the fair, April !JO, 1939. NATIONAL DEFENSE Addressing the Chicago Association of Commerce, Harry A. Wheeler, president of the Railway Business Association, pointed out the vital re- many thoughtful pel-sons believe wn merely postponed by the Munic treaty. This item may i-erve n uscfu inspired Nazi press. The response lation between national defense in the here was about 100 per cent favorable to Mr. Roosevelt's stand. Furthermore, there is a growing sentiment in this country for breaking 1 below the surface of a civiliza- ing off all commercial and diplomatic tion based on violence and racial discrimination and a spirit of revenge. If our horror is sincere, it will lead us to uproot these qualities in ourselves. Unless we turn against the sin, our condemnation of the sinner mast be suspected of hidden motives. In England there is no doubt that the present outcry against Germany seeks the overthrow of the Chamberlain government and a return to old- time British defense of the imperial Â· system as much as it seeks protection of the Jews. It is to be noted, too, that atrocity stories that are reaching this country now as they reached it during the World War are datc- lined London. One- can only hope that like those of the war times, they are propaganda and not the truth. It is freely admitted that the treatment of Germany as an outcast following tfe World War reduced the German people to willingness to accept Fascism as better than the misery they had endured. Are we merely to repeat this process and thereby Intensify the outrages of Fascism? For one thing, if we do not wish to justify fear on the part of Germany and other governments that we are planning to attack them, it is essential that before adopting any huge armament program we let t our military men determine what our actual defense needs are. A book has recently been published by an army officer, called "The Ramparts We Watch." The author, Major George Fielding Eliot, analyzes from the military man's point of view, exactly what is needed by this country in the way of defense against attack, even should that attack come on both coasts at once. His estimates are far below the program that it is reported the President will propose to Congress. It is essential if we do not want ourselves taxed for armaments desired by diplomats rather than by military men, and if we do not want the war-making power which belongs to Congress to be exercised by the executive, that before it votes the President's armament program, Congress declare what the military policy of this country is and what our army and navy are to be used for. relations with the Reich. That would be an economic blow to Germany, which is shaky financially as it if. But few think it could produce much result unless other powers joined in, notably England and France. And inasmuch as these countries are now trying to cultivate German "friendship" there feems small chance of that. More immediate B the problem of aiding the persecuted Jews. There is a fair chance that one of Germany's former African colonies may le turned into a Jewish haven and homeland. This would not solve the problem by any means, but it would do a great deal to les-en it. And, inasmuch as Germany has been seeking the return of these colonies, it would bo nn ironic, back-handed slap at Hitler. In the meantime, don't be surprised if tiie American Ambassador to Berlin, who was recently called home to "report", doosn't return to Berlin for some time to come. EXPLORING LAND BUSINESS The monopoly inquiry flips back into the headline;. Senator O'Mahoney's public utterances are reassuring, but the plans of the joint Administration-Congressional Committee are still very vague. American finds rea- ECONOMIC HIGHLIGHTS As we approach the Christmas season, business continues its march forward on practically all fronts. It is true there have been some sharp reverses in the security markets of late, but they have been due, not to the business situation, but largely to the severely strained relations between this country and Germany--an immensely serious matter whose end is not yet in sight, and whose ultimate effect on commerce and trade cannot now be accurately forecast. A glance over the complete figures for October shows it to have been a very good month in almost all lines. In some, it was exceptionally good. This game favorable trend extended in the near future. One of the best signs is the fact that rise in demand for certain basic products, Huch as steel, has been materially greater than the rise in production. This indicates that further gains in activity may be confidently expected before long. And, of equal importance, the inventory situation, which was extcrcmely bad last spring, is steadily improving. It is obvious that the anti-administration gains in the last general election have pleased and heartened a large segment of business, which has been worried and afraid of what it considers New Deal extremism. It is almost Â·unanimously forecast that the next Congress will be highly conservative, in comparison to its immediate predecessors, and that the President will be forced to compromise his "reform" program. Some briefs of interest follow: business, large and' sons for apprehensions. Mr. O'Mahoney says that the Committee will explore the method by which modern business is conducted and its effect upon the nation. Other members of the Committee are very critical an-1 charge that monopoly is rampant, and must be crushed. As a sort of curtain-raiser the Department of Justice indicts many respectable citizens who are charged with violations of existing laws that control commerce. Senators O'Mahoney and Borah are sponsoring a bill to compel! all corporations engaged in interstate business to secure Federal licenses. This is another hardboiled Federal control bill along the same lines as other famous legislation that has been hamstringing national industries in the past few years. After all, every offense that might' be committed seems to be covered by Federal and State laws, in existing civil and criminal statutes. Apparently "enough isn't enough". Large business interests will protest before the Committee against the endless stream of restrictions imposed upon Industrie,; that are always trying to obey the laws, and deal justly with their fellow-men.--J. E. J. event of war and an efficient, prepared railroad industry. You don't have to be a military expert to realize that the effectiveness of n naval force in the Pacific, for example, would be greatly dependent upon the facilities for the overland transport of men and supplies. As Mr. Wheeler says, "National defense requires of the railroads a high state of efficiency. In this the advantage of rail lines touching nil strategic points nnd connecting them with sources of supply i- of first importance. This means that rails, ballast, bridges nnd signal equipment must be of the highest order and in the best state of maintenance; moreover, other departments, such us motive power, must be maintained with modern types sufficient to perform every task assigned while car equipment of all types must be had in r.ucli quantity and state of rrpair that continuous movement may not be interrupted by constant laying up for repairs." Elsewhere in his talk, Mr. Wheeler states that "with all the railroad facilities we are thought to possess, they are wholly inadequate to meet the need of a major conflict in that (the Pacific) area." The reason for that is plain. The railroads have been industry's "poor relation" for many years. Their revenues have been sufficient -to meet current needs only. There has been no money for the rrort of expansion and betterment that national defense requires. This in a potent reason why tjje plight of the railroads is America's Number 1 industrial problem. The time has arrived when railway management, railway labor and the government must work together more cooperatively than ever before if this essential industry, upon which so much depends, is to be preserved. purpose, as correspondence writte in Washington, as a warning to all o our people to keep cool, nnd for eac one to do his, or her, part in suppre? sing the natural tendency to get ex cited about thc.se international n: fairs. EDITORIAL NOTES THE MEXICAN GOING ON TO LIMA CONSTRUCTION: Building in October touched the highest peak in a number of years. Unusual activity is The delegation to the Lima Conference L= enroutc to Peru. Secretary of State Cordell Hull heads the United States delegation and ex-Governor Alfred M. Landon was chosen for second place by President Roosevelt-splendid evidence of the desire to unify all support in behalf of the objectives of solidarity in the 21 American Republics. Peace is desired with all nations, and the unity expressed at the Buenos Aires Conference in 1936 will be reaffirmed, and attempts will be made to strengthen trade relations. Our National government is showing nn aggressive attitude in promoting economic policies and defensive preparedness and the intent of the Lima Conference is to extend those efforts along the entire length of North America. The President nnd State Department head insist that these nations should be prepared to help defend nil invasions of the right; of countries that are under protection of the Monroe Doctrine. No secret is made of the fact that the United States government is LAND SETTLEMENT Mexico confesses its inability to pay propmptly the 10 million dollars it owes Americans who have suffered from seizures of their farms, and during the time of delay one representative of the United States and one from Mexico will pass upon all claims for losses sustained by the landholders through the confiscation -A their properties. The initial payment of the first million is to be due next spring and annually thereafter for ten years until the total 10 millions; or so much thereof as may be agreed to by the commissioners, is paid. In view of the records showing that valid claims of American citizens against the Mexican Government were scaled down by the Claims Commission;; from 200 million dollars to less than 3 million dollars, it seems that the Mexican Government is slipping over another funny-money tansaction on Too Good Neighbor Uncle Sam. The eighth International Pan-Am erican Conference meets at Linn Peru, in December of this year. Th new,* of this meeting, its agenda an its probable discussions are bringin at least ono message of cheer and en cnuragement with which to end year whose events as a whole hav brought few which manifest tha i ; pirit. And, as at every Pan-Amcricai convention the press is already being filled with outlines of the topics to b taken up and with presentation o points in the history of the move incut. The seventh Pan-American Confer cnce met in Montevideo, Uruguay from December 3-26, 1933. Here were taken up the questions of inter-Amer ican economic cooperation, the Chacr conflict, the organization of peace in the Western Hemi-.phere, the prac tico of intervention and Equal Rightf for Women. Twenty-one American republics were represented, Costa Rica alone sending no delegates, but this because Costa Rica congress wa= not willing to appropriate the expenses of a delegation. Its president, however, cablet to the conference pledging his country's signature lo whatever agreements might be reached. The failure of the World Economic Conference and of the Geneva Disarmament negotiations cast a dampci over the opening of this seventh conference. Opinion in many quarters hud favored its postponement, but no sooner had its sessions actually convened than nn unexpected spirty of goodwill nnd cooperation manifested itself. This was due (1) to an increasing belief of the Latin-Americans that the United States was abandoning its former practice of intervention, in the Caribbean countries; (2) to the policy and the personality of Secretary Hull and to an appreciation of his honesty, sincerity and simplicity, which won the respect and admiration of all other delegates and contributed toward the development of a new cordiality. The first consideration in the reconvening of any conference is given to a resume of records of the last meeting and of accomplishments along tha;c lines. Taking some of the major Montevideo questions, it will be seen that the Chaco conflict was ended by a Treaty of peace signed August 1938; that economic cooperation is being pushed by, the trade treaties of Secretary Hull; that the Women'j Rights problem, while favored as a whole by th Latin American countries, is left t the ratification of each State scp nrately. In cultural, economic, polit ical relations between the countrie of the Western hemisphere grea British plans for the partition of Palestine have been abandoned. Political, administrative and financial difficulties in the proposal to create independent Arab nnd Jewish states inside Palo tine are so great that this solution of the problem is impractical. The British Government has announced that the next step will be an invitation to representatives of Arabs both within and around Palestine and to representative,! of the Jewish agency to confer with them in London as soon as possible regarding future policy, including the question of immigration into Palestine. The gist of this decision is that while Britain has rejected division of Palestine as a solution of the tragic question she has given the Jew and Arab one more chance to get together. At the same time ^he has announced to the world that if this meeting does not bring about quick results the British Government will itself handle the matter in its own way, regardless of both Jew and Arab. Individual nations must realize that they are not living in cities, continents or nations--but in an interdependent world--and net accordingly --this was the keynote of the 23rd annual Goodwill Congress of the World Alliance for National Friendship through the Churches which was in session in San Francisco early in November. This was the fin-t Goodwill Congress held on the Pacific coast. CHILDREN'S CORNER The fort and blockhouse at Vercheres were besieged in the summer of 1GDO by a band of Iroquois who massacred the "habitants" working in the fields. The Seigneur of Vcr- chcrcs and his lady were away but their fourteen-year-old daughter, Madeleine, determined to hold the fort. This she did for a week until the fort was relieved, being aided in her courageous stand by a "garrison" consisting of an old man of eighty years, her two brothers, aged twelve and ten, and two cowardly soldiers. The Indians supposed that the fort was held by a strong garrison and dared not make a direct attack. They prowled about until a force from Montreal drove them away. The following account of the defense of Vercheres given by Madeleine herself appears in standard Canadian''history books: "I placed my brothers on two of the bastions, the old man on the third, and I took the fort. All night in spite of wind, snow and hail, the cries of 'All's well' were kept up. One could have thought the place was full of soldiers . . . I may say with truth that I did not eat or sleep for twice 24 hours but kept always on the bastions. I kept a cheerful and smiling face to encourage my little company with hope of speedy succor." Twenty=Five Years Ago Taken Fran The Journal of 25 Yean AgoThliWmk. Commissions for Z. Potter Stecle, register; Win. F.Jackson, county com- nnon Tea". That's the family name for it though no tea is ever served when the children entertain, but simple refrigerated ice cream and cookies instead. The little eight-yeaV- old takes entire charge of setting the table. She: is assisted by her little brother who has his own method of doing everything. I think we all know home; in which the children as well as adults choose their favorite dishes on their own missioner; James Temple, sheriff, and birthdays, and if a particular meal Mi-s Laura \Vix, notary public to fill j dot's not "balance" for this eventful the unexpircd term of Mrs. Gertrude occasion, it is overlooked. Omitting Deen, were received at the Clerk's of-1 the counting of calories once a year In case Mexico actually pays the land claims each year it will be able to apply $1,000,000 out of the $G,000,000 of 12 per cent export tax that it imposes upon silver sold to the United States government at inflated prices. Mexican profits on the silver deals perhaps explains tho professed desire contained in a recent note to our own State Department "to settle the difficulties which may arise between the two governments in a spirit of friendship nnd of equity." In the anxiety of the United States to make a Good Neighbor Policy appear successful and create an appearance of Pan-American solidarity it would seem that the principles arc being sacrificed to expediency, because problems with Mexico arc far from being solved. In fact the United States position is weakened. Mexico granted a breathing spell in progress has been made. Attempts a such unity date back to the severunc of South American countries from Spain in the first quarter of th nineteenth century. Bolivar and th land named after him, Bolivia, leai the way, Bolivar was successful i 1826 in calling together a conference in Panama to which all American States were invited but which wa attended by only a few of them-Columbia, Peru, Mexico nnd Centra America. Little was accomplished u this conference but in the next fiftj years a number of congresses were called to form an alliance between the Latin American republics for defense against foreign invasion am the peaceful settlement of inter- American disputes. But in 1881 Secretory Elaine, inspired by the wish to improve the trade of the United States with South America and to foster peace between the nations of the American continent started a movement towards a general congress of delegates from all its controversies with the United independent countries of North nnd meeting with serious obstacles in connection with the unfinished tauk began so long ago in connection with the Monroe Doctrine. Solidifying the States, and it is hastening its negotiations for long-term agreements with Germany, Italy and other foreign governments, for the sale of oil from American properties seized last March. Obviously Mexico is whipping the devil about the bush in using the profits obtained from silver pur- South America to meet in Wtfshing- ton. It wns not until 1889 that this conference was held. A second conference wns held in Mexico City 1901, a third in Rio de Janeiro in 1910 and iso on to Montevideo in 1933 where much was accomplished. Still greater progress is hoped for in this eighth Exhibits are coming in from other lands for the exhibitions which are to bo held in the United States, one on the eastern coast and one on the western--one in New York and one in San Francisco. Australia is to occupy more than 4,000 square feet on the Francisco grounds and expects her exhibit to cost 21,000 pounds, according to Charles H. Holmes who bas the exhibit in charge. From the main thoroughfare visitors to the exposition will approach the Australian building through a plantation of Australian trees; eucalyptus, wattles, strange shrubs. The building ib;elf hns been designed Iy Australian architects "along old Co- onial lines." Inside the building moving pictures will be shown of various phases of Australian life: surfing, bushland, fauns, sporting events; the growth of cities; a colorful presentation of :he Great Barrier Reef. Kangaroos, parrots and wallabies vill be shown, but one of the most nteresting of the animals to be seen n this collection will be the Kaolas, iny little Teddy Bear?, all alive and ticking. That is, the funny, furry lit- le creatures will be there if they can stand transportation. Some of hose arc being sent from Australia o San Francisco now to see if they un survive the trip. If these do, ithers will be sent. But when th? xposition is over the little visitors will be returned to their home. Other nimnls sent to represent the wild ife of the Fifth Continent will be resented to different zoos of the United States. But not the Kaolus. hey arc too fragile, too precious. Australia is realizing the strange- ess and value of her plant nnd animal life and this is to be shared in tiat brotherhood of appreciation hich is linking the world closer to- cther. A great deal of intervisiting from and to land and people to people vns carried out in the summer of 938. From Germany to the United States, from the United States to Germany, from France to England, to Belgium, with return visits. To have children in .homes in other lands, living as the children of those households do and going home with fresh understanding and friendlier ideas-this was mqre than worth while. But one of the most interesting of such visits was one made here in the bounds of the United States ... from the Hopi Indians to the children of Flagstaff, Arizona--a visit of school to school. The Hopi children made the first vL-it. They accepted the invitation of the Flagstaff school to visit 'Penalty Oaths' Are of Several Different Kinds The saucer wouldn't break, so a Chinese witness in a Cambridge (England) court had a hard time promising to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. Breaking the dish was his way of saying his soul also would break if he lied. Such oaths, when a person swears to tell the truth under pain of punishment if he lies, are called "penalty oaths," and take many different forms, observes a writer in the Washington Post. For instance, in Assam province, India, witnesses grasp a dog or chicken cut in half with one blow. This implies the same fate will strike them if they testify falsely. Another Indian region has the speaker stand within a circle of rope. He'll rot like rope, it's believed, if he commits perjury. Sometimes the head of a tiger, bear or other fierce animal is brought to "court" in Siberia and Africa. Those involved in a suit call upon the animal to kill them if they lie. William the Conqueror swore "by the splendor of God," and King John "by God's teeth." fice on Tuesday hist. Mr. Jackson taking 1 his position in the levy court in place of Mr. Wesley Jarrell, whoso term had expired. Commissioner Gurey succeeds Commissioner Jarrell as president of the board. At a meeting of the Denton Literary Club on Monday night, Prof. J. Walter Huffington, the club leader in English history, discussed the ante- Norman period in Great Britain, and Mrs. L. B. Towers read a paper on London. Next Monday night the program includes a review of events in English hLtory from William the Conqueror to the Wars of the Roses; "The Temple and Tower," by Mrs. H. E. Ramsdcll, and "Westminster Abbey and St. Paul's Cathedral," by Mrs. T. W. Smith. During the winter the club expects to have a varied program of general interest, and to secure special speakers on timely topics. i ; not important! Not long ago a friend who has a large family told me how they shared thoir good times, and yet kept the family unit happy and contented. Each week a different child is honored and his friends alone arc allowed special privileges, such as playing in the attic and being invited to supper one evening, with games afterward in which all mcmbcn- of the family join. In still another home with which I have occasion to keep in touch, the children lake turns week by week in choosing the book to be read aloud. I remember well a home in which, as young married people my husband and I were entertained quite frequently. There were two sons and three daughters varying considerably in their ages, and each one was permitted to invite friend? on the Miss Lydia Hughes gave n linen- same evenings. No introductions were shower and bridge party in honor of \ made outside of each group, except in Miss Carrie Ilobbs on Wednesday afternoon. Those present were Mrs. Joseph Johnson, Mrs. Frederick Nich- spccial instances. Every one seemed very happy. The mother and aunt, I was told, were always hostesses to all ols, Mrs. Temple Smith, Mrs. Mary I the groups. Cooper, ML-ses Juliette Miles, Cath-| Many parents understand the im- crine Dukes, Louise Dukes, Emily I portance of making Sunday pleasant- Daddy of the Holidays It is to King Edgcr that we owe the holidays which fall at Easter, Whitsun.'and Christmas, as well as our half-holidays, such as Saturdays, observes a writer in London Tit- Bits magazine. King Edgar lived in the Tenth century and was responsible for many sane laws and reforms. In his day noon was about three in the afternoon, at which hour Nones were recited. Later Nones were moved to midday and periodically the people were given a half-holiday for the purpose of praying. Unfortunately in time religious observance gave way to boisterous revelry, nnd the authorities stopped the weekly half-holiday. It was not until the Nineteenth century that half-holidays and certain festivals were observed. Mustard Grows Everywhere No spice or condiment has a longer history than the mustard seed. Probably in ancient days next to salt it was used other seasoning. more than any The reason for this lies in the fact that it is a cosmopolitan plant and grows in many places. The tiny seeds, which may be brown or yellow, are used in their own form for spicing pickles and fruits and for a few other purposes. The ground mustard flour which we know as dry mustard is one of our staple condiments. Then we have a large variety of mixed mustards which vary in flavor, both on account of the kind of mustard which is their base and because of the liquids which are used to blend them. This is often vinegar and sometimes wine. Slandering the Pig We; often say someone is "a dirty pig," but little do we realize that we are slandering the poor pig. This little animal is naturally clean and will not wallow or sleep in filth unless nothing better is available. Pigs are among the cleanest of all farm animals if allowed to be so, asserts a writer in Pearson's London Weekly. Most pigs are "pigs" because their owners force them to 'ive and bathe in dirty places. Neither Is the pig more lazy than other animals, if allowed his freedom. Knotts, May Reynolds, Elsie Green, Louise Cole, Laura Knotts, Lena Garoy, Louise Garey, Carrie Hobb.s, Mary Nuttlo, Lucy Garey and Elizabeth Garey. Miss Mary Adeline Edgell, daughter of-We-ley Edgell, and Orrie Williams Baker, son of John Baker, were married Thursday at Calvary Metho- disfc Episcopal Church, Choptank, by Rev. E. H. Collins, of Wilmington. Mrs. Ward Edgell, of Choptank, played the wedding march. Mr. and Mrs. Baker will live in Baltimore. Mr. P. 0. Sparks' family will remove to the William Stevens property for the winter, in the spring going to Wilmington, where Mr. Sparks is engaged in contracting. Mr. T. Earle Everngam, of Muncie, Indiana, is visiting his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles J. Everngam. Mr. Everngam is with the Armour Company. Mrs. Joseph H. Johnson and daughter, Evelyn, of Milton, Pa., are guests at the home of Mn-. Johnson's parents, Mr. nnd Mrs. H. Clay Hobbs. Mrs. R. W. Emerson and Mrs. Harry A. Roe have returned from n visit with relatives and friends in Paterson, N. J. Mr. and' Mrs. Jacob Ghinghcr will soon move to Denton and reside on Franklin street. Mr. James Hamilton, Hickman, section pang ba-s died at his home at Hickman early Tuesday morning from injuries received on the railroad Saturday last. In attempting to step from his hand-car to the dinkey-car he fell and his car ran over him, very badly hurting his head, the injury causing his death. Mr. Hamilton's death wns a shock to many, ai5 no one thought he was seriously hurt. Funeral service was held at the church Wednesday afternoon, the Red Men attending in a body. The deceased leaves a wife and five children. Mr. A. Linden Duffey, a prominent citizen and druggist of Hill-boro, died at his home in that place on Sunday morning last, aged 34 years. He was a son of Mrs. Kathorine S. Duffey and the late Hugh Duffey. He succeeded his father in the drug business at Hillsboro, and was quite successful. He owned also for some years and conducted the corner drug store in Denton, some months ago when his health became impaired, disposing of it to the Denton Drug Company. Later Mr. Duffey went to a sanitarium in the highlands of Frederick county for treatment, but his health had been so completely undermined by close application to business that he failed to recuperate. Tuberculosis was his affliction. He come home from the sanitarium two days before his death. Mrs. Mabel Duffey, the young widow, who is a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John W. Clark, and three little sons survive, as do his mother and two brothers, Dr. -Roger W. Duffey nnd Dr. H. Clarence Duffey, of Washington, and two sisters, Mrs. Charles Jarrell and Mrs. Oscar Clark. The funeral was held on Tuesday, Rev. R. T. Coursey, assisted by Rev. G. R. ly distinctive while the children arc very young. It can be a happy day nnd become a worthwhile memory. "Doing things together on Sunday" is a good slogan to make effective and develop into a habit. Going to church together, spending part of each Sunday afternoon together, making a call together; this recognition of the unity of the family is a custom which came down from my childhood and which my husband and I began carrying out in our own home as soon as the children came. Some homes have a Sunday custom of using choice china and particularly dainty linen. For others Sunday is the day when the children make the special desserts for the dinner. The Sunday night supper is quite generally a much prized institution with the older boys and girls. I remember my oldest little daughter asking her chum, "What do you talk about at dinner on Sundays? We always talk about the sermon." Table talk is an opportunity for character building, but so is each custom that a home makes into tradition by con-- tinucd repetition through the years. There is too much talk these days about unhappy home life and the fact that home life has gone. I like to think and talk of beautiful home life where love and understanding keep the fire.3 burning steadily! There are such homes -- millions of them. My home is one -- is yours? SLATS' DIARY BY OLIVER N. WARREN Sunday: I and Jake set together in church lisscned to the preecher recuss Thanks giving. It were LO reelistiek a n d good x that Jake punched me and sed he smells Turkey and has burnt his tung with hot mince pie. Ide of laft out loud if Pa and Ma haddent of been so clost. Monday: T h e class was studying about fruits and etc. and the teech- er ast who noes what is a tanger- een. Blisters up and replide and scd it are a banjo without no handle and strings to it nnd has got washers around same that go like his babay Bros, rattel. Blistcrses ignercnts wooddent be so bad if hede keep it to hisself. Tuesday: Arc fambly got to talking about why did Californy defect 30 $ $ every Thursday and none of us could figgcr it out but Ant Emmy. She scd Why it were becos they wanted it on Saturday night go they could perches grocerys and go to the pitcher show. I supose Ant were right. Becos I cant think of no other rescn. Wednesday: I and Jake and Blis- them, nnd when they left they asked the Flagstaff children to return that visit. The first thing the Hopis did when the Flagstaff children- were i.i their domain was to take the visitors through three of their villages... built high upon the mesas; then f.o show them the gardens on the terraced hills and show the beuns, squash and corn growing there. Next hey gave a demonstration of their 'amous basket weaving. Towards the Â·nd of the visit a treat was given of J iki, the Hopi bread ... thin, crisp, Â·apery, and made of finely ground orn meal. When the Hopi children eft Flagstaff they called buck, Thank you for having us come." Thank you for having us come," ulled back the Flagstaff children, vhon they left after the visit to the topis, and thank all wise people ev- rywhcrc for getting people together nd helping them to understand one nother and for building up a world n which friendliness and understand- ng are beginning to reign. RIDGELY Mr. nnd Mrs. John Thomas visited her sister, Mrs. Ruby Peavce, in Chcs- tertown, Monday. Mr. and Mrs. Hiram Gucssford entertained last week Mr. Carroll DavLs, of Edgewood. Ladies of the Catholic Church will hold a bake in the community house on Saturday. Mrs. Ronald Lane visited her mother, in Centrcville, on Tuesday. Mr. nnd Mrs. Harvey Luff spent Thanksgiving in Sudlersvillc. Our Library Committee is ordering seventeen new books. Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Swing have returned from New Jensey. Miss Emma Gucssford hns returned from a visit fn Chester. Mr. Wesley Bowers Ls out again after an illness. Mr. Lawrence Wilson has been quite ill. Mays, officiating. Interment made in Hillsboro cemetery. Miss Lydia M. Carter, one Greensboro's oUimable women, died at the home of Mr. R. L. Hicks, in that place, about one o'clock on Wednesday morning, aged seventy-three years. Funeral services will be held at Holy Trinity Church, Greensboro, this morning at eleven o'clock, and interment will be made in Greensboro cemetery. Miss Carter was a daughter of Edward E. and Mrs. Julia Carter, and was born on a farm three miles from Greensboro, \v\hich her nephew, Mr. Edward C. Carter, now owns and occupies. Miss Carter is survived also by her neice, Miss Florence Barcus, of Nashville, Tennessee. Miss Carter's father and brothers were prominent in public life of the county for many years. ters this m. after school about what are a cow- o f ' HOME CUSTOMS M. Louise C. Hastings Many homes have special custom? which make them distinctive and different from other homes. What arc For Rent--Three rooms, partly furnished if so desired.--Mrs. Mark Smith, 2nd Street, Denton, Md. yours? "At our house we--" usually introduces a statement worth listening to. I heard a mother remark during the Christmas holidays, "We are keeping open house this afternoon. The children are allowed to invite any Christmas guest they wish. John hns invited the butcher and the garage man." "Will they come?" I asked. "I Ihink so," was the quiet reply. John is a little fellow, three years old. At present many of his interests are with butchers and garage men. At this home, when friends call af-1 ketcher. They both showed how much they dont no by argying it are something on the littel end of a ralerode engen. But I won the argymint when I scd a ralerode engen cant run offen the track and ketch no cows so it arc a cow boy. The dumheds haddent that of that. Thursday: Unkcl Hen got sick and diddent know nothing witch issent no sign that he issent fizzc-ckly well tho. The re-t of the fambly went to,the hospittel to sec him and the Dr. sed he are getting recovery as he just tride to blow the foam offen his med- disin. Pa laft and scd I wooddent understand when I ast why. Friday: Ma got ensulted agen at bregfnst thU a. m. or ackted like she were. Her and Pa went to a naber- hood dance last night and at brekfast Pa scd Ma got so tired that she cud- dent hardly hold her mouth open. Then Mo give him a look I thot were every thing cits but plcsscnt but I diddent sec nothing to get sore about. Saturday: Well no school today and I am thnnkfle ahcd of ekeddule. And I will be thnnkrlcr when it are all over for the thanks giving holli- days witch are soon now. My hart arc so glad becting so fast that my jcnnerossety makes me congrat- sholato the other kids all- over the U. S. A. and etc. I hope all you kids have a good time and turkey and krambcrrys nnd dressing and etc. So long. Merchants who advertise In HM Journal are not the only oner have something to ie)l bat they tcr lunch they are invited to "After-1 the only ones that arebnroincaboattt.
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