Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois on July 12, 1975 · Page 8
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Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois · Page 8

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Saturday, July 12, 1975
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By JOHN HAMER Editorial Research Reports WASHINGTON - Shortly after noon (EOT) on Thursday, July 17 ( about 135 miles above Europe, a silver, bullet- shaped American Apollo spacecraft will maneuver slowly toward-a green and white Russian Soyuz capsule with a bulbous nose and a pair of wings. The Apollo will push'ti black docking module toward the Soyuz and a metal ring will lock into a.series of latching devices and pressure .seals. When docking Is completed, a hatch will open and astronauts Thomas P, Stafford and poriald K. (Deke) Slayton, weightless in space, will crawl into the docking module while Vance D. Brand re,'mains in the command module. Sometime after 3 p.m:, the Soyuz hatch will open and Stafford will reach out to shake the hands of Soviet cosmonauts Aleksey A. Leonov and Valeriy N. Kubasov - if all goes according to schedule from the launch day, July 15. The historic handshakes will lie seen live by a worldwide television audience, which also will hear the astronauts address the cosmonauts' in their native language and vice versa - "language of the listener" is the rule for the mission. : The crews will exchange flags and sign a joint flight'Certificate.'Later; the Russians will serve their American guests ! a'luncheon of sour cabbage soup,'jellied tongue, dried fish, rye bread; cream cheese, with black cur- Threatening Our Freedom (From Drover's Journal) A look at federal spending figures i over the ye,ars provides .an appalling picture of ^free society turned into a welfare, state, built brick by brick over., the past two decades. ,. That government spending has ballooned and threatened the traditional economic and political freedom of the nation 'has been said tirrte and. time again, since excessive'spending recently set off one of the worst inflations in our history. According to the Tax Foundation, government spending in the U.S. for all levels will reach an annual rate this year of one-half billion dollars. To those who have difficulty dealing with the trillion dollar figure, it • breaks down to total government spending of $7,792 per household or more than double the amount for 1965. The half trillion total is 25 times the amount spent in 1940. . .. For fiscal 1976 which started July 1, the administration estimates spending at ?358.9 billion .and the federal budget deficit is projected at $102^6 billion this fiscal year and the next. What is significant here is the way this money is spent, ascompared to the way i|Twas spent two decades ago and at the turn of'the century. In 1902,87 per cent of ,federaj spending went for defense, international re-, lations, veterans' benefits,, the Post Office, etc. In 1952 these functions claimed 81 per cent of the budget. But by 1972, these functions claimed only 47 per cent of the budget. The remaining, 58 per cent went to health, education, welfare, Social Security, and the like. It is those millions of checks to individuals, states, cities and townships that are'literally breaking the bank. With the greatest 1 portion of the taxpayer's dollar going to support the welfare state,' the inevitable end result is a loss of freedom through a redistribution of income and power. Sen. Carl T. Curtis of Nebraska recently raised some questions that are worth'.some thought: How many benefits are going to those who do not need them? Do we have too many programs? Can't the states and localities perform many of these services cheaper? What are the responsibilities of states and .local governments?,What are the responsibilities of individuals? Can we go on adding additional programs in the welfare states? , ! ', ; Curtis says the welfare programs came into existence not because; of the demands of citizens, but because of office-seeking politicians!" '; ' And now, using the pretext of "fighting the recession," those politicians want to enact more of their favorite spending programs, creating a .still larger federal deficit. Bringing federal spending under control and ending deficit financing is one challenge this nation must meet head on. If we fail, to cope with the challenge, not only will the nation be bankrupt, but our very liberty will be destroyed. In Space Again Freeport (III.) Journal-Standard. Saturday. July 12, 1975 Page 7 's Politics rant jam, honey cakesj prunes with 'nuts; tea and candy - all 1 from aluminum tubes and tin cans. Another First Thus will begin the 'Apollo-Soyuz Test Project - the first'international manned space flight in history. It is an undertaking which many 1 believe will open a new era of intefhatibhjil cooperation in space. If hunianity is ever to venture out through the solar system into the galaxy and beyond/it clearly must be a combined effort of more than one nation. ' ' "Somewhere along the line in space, programs, we have to start' doing a lot of work with other nations', basically to economize," astronaut Vance t).,Brand has said. "I think that^ it's important that we make this first step in cooperation." The main purpose of the Apollo-Soyuz mission is to test the new international docking system. Built at a cost of about $25 million, .the mechanism combines the best engineering ideas of the two nations to build a system better than either had before. In the future any two vehicles with the new unit will be able to dock at any time, whether in routine or emergency, situations. The primary gains from the joint mission probably will be political, however; U.S. and Soviet personnel already haye worked together on it for several years in greater harmony than either side expected. The,flight crews seemed^to hit it off NEW YORK - The pictures of the. ceremony at which Gerald Ford announced his formal entry into the presidential race told a good deal about the kind of campaign he will wage. All,the pictures included Howard (Bo) Callaway, a millionaire Georgia segrega- .tionist, and David Packard,,a millionaire-mogul of the military-industrial complex. Packard and Callaway both have done their turns in the Pentagon and now they are to be the leading officials of Ford's election committee.. That committee appears to represent at least one improvement on its late and unlamented predecessor, the Committee.to Re-elect the President. Ford's group will be called the President Ford Committee and that title acknowledges that a human being named Ford is involved; whereas the CREEP of 1972 would have had the public believe there really was no, Richard Nixori - just a superhuman "President" to be re-elected... .,-, ... Ford struck just the.rjght notes for his political purposes, moreover, with his stress on "duty and decency", and the i reporters present did not "fail to recognize the bust of Harry-Truman at his side. Associating himself visually with .such a myth-figure while verbally dissociating himself from the tactics associated with Nixon and the CREEP ought to provide more evidence for the Democrats - if they need it - that they are not going up against a stumblebum. The coincidental, announcement on the same day that a committee was being formed to promote the right- wing candidacy of Ronald Reagan should not cause much nail-biting in the White House. The question never has been whether there are Republicans who want Reagan to-run; the question is whether Reagan has the internal fortitude to try to seize the nomination from a President of his own party. Probably he does not; aha if he does have, he would have been! better off to. have started long ago, before so many Republicans committed them- r selves to Ford, and before Ford began to bear some resemblance t6 a president: ' I ;£.$.,, The incipient candidacy'of John B. Connally Jr. is more problematical. He is not openly campaigning, of course, and knows as well as Reagan the difficulties of forcing aliy party to repudiate its own president, even an accidental president. But Connally -rather like Edward Kennedy among .Remor cra.ts,- is far, and awayibe^ost dynamic and exciting figure in his party, and he could - conceivably move in swiftly if events or bad judgment caused Ford to slip. As for a George Wallace third-party candidacy, the guess here Is that it would hurt the Democrats more than it would Ford. Some analysts believe Everyone's Getting A At State Bank of Freeport Free Safe Deposit Box Free Travelers Checks Free Notary Service Free Money Orders Free Cashier Checks Free Checking almost from the beginning of their lengthy training programs, developing what a U.S. spa.ce agency official called "the camaraderie of World War I fighter pilots," Taking four to six hours tf day of Russian or English, lessons for more thaii a year, the astronauts and cosmonauts are now able to communicate fluently. "We must trust each other with our lives, therefore we must, be like a family," Soyuz Commander Leonov has said.' Stafford Persistence The mission was threatened at one point when Sqviet officials refused to allow the U.S.crew to visit the launch site in Russia and go aboard the Soyuz spacecraft, contending that it was also a military missile base. But Apollo Commander Stafford, an Air Force brigadier general, insisted on a tour, declaring: "I never fly on a spacecraft I haven't been in on the ground." The Russians gave in and arranged a tour in April and;May. Critics of the joint mission argue that it is a meaningless "handshake in space," a "wheat deal in the sky" with the Russians likely to reap all the technological benefits, or that it might endanger the lives of U.S. astronauts. American space officials generally agree that the Soviet program is about •• a decade behind the U.S. program, but they insist that the mission is as safe as the twp nations' experts can make Future space missions probably will involve even more international cooperation. A consortium of European companies is now building Spacelab, an orbiting laboratory designed to be rocketed into space in 1980 aboard the new U.S. Space Shuttle, a reusable orbiter. American and Soviet'officials are discussing further joint -manned flights in the 1980s. . ;', Meanwhile, both nations are exploring the planets of the solar system with unmanned flights. The Soviet Union launched Venus 9 and 10 in June, and one or both are expected to lan'il on the cloud-covered planet in October.' The United States next month will launch two Viking spacecraft intended to land on Mars in July 1976 and search for life.-. ' - : .--.;• • • The possibility that intelligent life exists elsewhere in the' universe is con- ^sidered one of the primary motivations of the space program. Capt; Robert F. Freitag, deputy director of ^advanced programs in the space agency's Office of Manned Space Flight, has said: '.'Today, many scientists - if not the ma>'- jority - agree that extraterrestrial life surely must exist and possibly in- enormous abundance." .k Whether or not human beings ever • come in contact with life beydnd the earth, the urge to explore'outer space seems likely to remain strong.' Many people believe that space travel is part of human destiny. If so,-the Apollo- Soyuz Test Project may be yet another giant step for mankind. TOM WICKER (From The Washington Post) Alexander Solzhenitsyn arrived in Washington'., oft- the^ngs of'his immense artisUcfteputetfbfraind his great personal statute as v one who has* suf- . fered, as a' prisoner and dissenter in his native Russia, for his beliefs. In his speech before the AFL-CIO, moreover, the exiled Russian writer offered : a critique of detente that strikes chords both in those who had expected too much from Soviet-American relations in recent years and in those who had expected very little at all. In his new role as a direct participant'in. American political dialogue, as in his old role as a Russian prophet, his is a voice that demands to be heard. It is in term's oil that old role, nonetheless, thdt he must still be understood. For Mr. Solzhenitsyn is a man with a single mission: to bring aboyt the moral regeneration of the Russian people and their release from what he regards as the immoral grasp of Communist power. He has no particular interest in, or knowledge of, foreign affairs. He has a consuming obsession with the destiny of his own people. This is precisely why the Soviet authorities jailed, harassed 'and finally exiled him. It is the wellSpring of his artistic genius. And it is. why his counsel on foreign policy needs,to be Ijstened to with care. ..,..,'' The first purpose' of American foreign policy, after all, is to prevent war and enhance the:welfare of our own citizens. Mr f , Solzhenitsyn, however, would dedicate American power to the defeat of Soviej. communism. To, him this is a matter not of strategic advantage but of moral necessity. He re- gards every compromise Washington has made with Moscow ov"er 40 years .from FDR's recognition of Russia, tb his wartime alliance against Hitler, to the various increments of contemporary detente - as deals struck with the devil. Their result, he declares, is to deny the liberation of thp Russian people. The nobility of Mr. Solzhenltsyii's summons is undeniable, and his words stand as a deserved rebuke to those who would read a moral component out of foreign policy altogether. Fortunately, few citizens in the United States share either his compulsion against compromise or his fierce commitment to a Russian renaissance. For these would involve a cost and peril beyond reckoning. This is not to say that every American step toward detente has been a wise and good one. But Americans have spent ,the better part of a generation escaping from the notion that foreign policy should be "a moral crusade. His host in Washington, AFL-CIO President George Meany, shares the Russian writer's conviction that communism is immoral. He does so out of his own longstanding belief in what he calls the "first principles of the labor movement" - the welfare of workers and "freedom for all people elsewhere." This meeting of fundamentalist minds is one of the more sobering, not to say exotic, political matches of our time. But it does not add up to a prescription of wise policy. Human dignity, as pursued by these two men, is a high moral value. But so is the avoidance of nuclear war - this is thejwer- arching goal of detente. All The Right Notes Public Auction that in 1968 the/Wallace ticket drew more votes away from Richard Nixon .than from Hubert Humphrey. But 1972 will be a different race altogether, and many a Wallace voter will be one who v - absent Wallace - surely would have voted his pocketbook, against Ford and for the Democrats, in a year that promises continuing high unemployment and high prices. Nor, at the moment, do the Democrats, for all their majority status, appear to-offer a strong challenge. Divided, leaderless, with a dozen candidates vying for the presidential nomination, unsure of the consequences of their new delegate selection rules, without a unifying program or policy, unable even to override Ford's vetoes, the Democrats are in a mess. The conventional hedge, of course, is that ''all this-could change." Certainly it could; events abroad, particularly in the Middle East, a continuing or worsening economic slump, another gasoline shortage, ineptitude or bad luck any or all of these .could send Ford sliding down the.polls. It is even possible that .some unappreciated Democrat will emerge from next year's primaries or convention as a hot-shot contender. : • But party leaders like Chairman Robert Strauss, Sens. Mike Mansfield, Hubert Humphrey, Edward Kennedy, Edmund Muskie and Walter Mondale, Speaker Albert, and the leading state governors would be well-advised not to count on luck or wait for the breaks. Their job is to pull their party together and give it some coherence and the hour already is late. After all, Ford" is doing his part; he has made it plain he thinks unemployment builds character, tax breaks for big business trickle down to the masses, and nothing needs to be done for the disadvantaged and the poor except to veto spending bills. He looks more World Ot Pharmacy like Herbert Hoover every day, and he is even doing the Democrats tlie' splendid favor - with the Mayaguez incident and his swollen defense budget - of shouldering the "war party" onus they* had brought upon themselves." • ''i '. Why then should not Democratic leaders, excluding active presidential candidates, form a kind of "truth squad" to tackle Ford squarely and repeatedly on those terms - jobs and' peace on their side vs. vetoes, and bomb-rattling on his; a decerit shake'' for low-to-middle income Americans vs. privilege and protection for the rich; concern and compassion vs. callous indifference? ' Those are not, of course, the only issues, but they are issues that favor the Democrats historically; and that Ford's record invites. At the very least, the Democrats ought to stop him from stealing Harry Truman'who would have known exactly how fo'pin the likes of Bo 'Callaway and David Packard on a do-nothing Republican President.' ", • New York TlmeS Service DeMona, i.fh,' . CANCER CLUES No. 1 At regular intervals, we feel that the seven : danger signals of cancer should be brought to the attention of our readers. Delay in, treatment could mean the difference between cure and a painful, lingering death. ' Open sores that foil to heal could represent a skin cancer; particularly when a scab forms, falls off, and reforms over and over again. Similar lesions on tongue, lip or cheek haye a pearly border and a crusty base. Shreds of flesh are likely to rub off when the lesion is pushed, about by the tongue or teeth. Cure usually follows early detection and removal of these skin cancers. Hard tumors or lumps should be investigated immediately, especially when they develop in the neck or breast. Many are usually in- 'nocent— BUT J.EAVE THIS CONCLUSION TO AN EXPERT — YOUR DOCTOR) He may wish to remove this mass and send it to . a laboratory for diagnosis. NEVER fall for unorthodox schemes such' as miracle ierums, salves, faith healing, etc. MORE NEXT WEEK Serving you is our reason for being in business ..; CRAWFORD DRUG STORE ...17 W. Main Street . . . Freeport . . . Phone 233-2911 ... For Free Delivery. , We~are exften fitters of trusses, sup- v t port garments and elastic hose. Now You Can Pay Your • WATER •PHONE •GAS & ELECTRIC Bills At CRAWFORD DRUG Get Your LOTTERY TICKETS Here! INDIAN JEWELRY THURSDAY, JULY 17 8p.m. Pueblo Traders of Santa Fe, New Mexico, will be offering a" large selection of authentic handcrafted Indian jewelry featuring Navajo, Zuni and Santa Domingo tribes. Handcrafted from sterling silver and turquoise. 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