FOUK THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, PampS, f €**§ EVENING, JUNE 9, 1988 WOOD EftTING TERMITES HAVE NOT CHANGED IN 55,000,000 YEARS; PESTS ARE DESCRIBED BY FREDERIC 3. HASKIN. WASHINGTON, June 5.—If'the householder at this season of the year notices numbers of black ant- like creatures with white wings crawling around floors, window sills, or elsewhere, he may know that he Is gazing upon the longest pedigreed creatures on the globe. They are termites, insect pests extremely destructive to frame buildings or anything else of wood. Down through the' ages practitically every living thing has changed. The hand of evolution has brought the horse up from an animal the size of a jackrabbit to its present stature and has changed the Neanderthal Man into the master of arts and sciences. But the ages have not changed the termite. As It was 55,000,000 years ago, so it is today. Microscopic examination of fossil remains shows no change. The termite Is the greatest of all conservatives. There have been recent reports to the effect that termites are increasing in numbers in the United States ,that a sort of plague of termites has appeared. Experts of the department of agriculture deny such statements. They assert that there probably are no more termites in the United States today than there were when Columbus discovered America or when the mammoth and tHe dinosaur roamed the earth. There appear to be more for a variety of reasons. The termite lives In and on wood. Wood is his dwelling place and his food.. When the. primeval forests stood, there was ample food for the termites in the annual falls of dead and storm struck trees. Termites never attack live and growing wood. With the deforestation of so much of the country, the termites have merely followed the wood to town. To termites all dead wood is the same. The fallen logs which they devoured in the primal forests millions of years ago were essentially the same to them as a priceless wood carving by Grinling Gibbons or El Greco, a Sheraton chair, a Duncan Phyfe table, or a wooden leg. It is all dead wood. The reason that, at this particular season, people have the idea that a plague of termites has descended upon them is that it is the nuptial season. Once a year the breeding termites emerge into the light. They appear from ground- warren or from galleried log, joist, sill, rafter, fence-post, or piece of furniture. Usually they attempt to crawl to some high place from which they can take the air but, as they are weak, many remain crawling on floors or elsewhere. Some are caught by the wind and blown some distance. Whatever their adventures on their one day of light in the year, they soon go to cover and there take up the old, dark life, producing new generations. Uncanny Sense of Direction It is* imperative for the termite to keep itself under cover. All hands are turned against it, ants being especial enemies. This is another reason for the destructiveness of the creatures. Still they must have food. A termite colony will emerge from the ground and find the wooden still of a building. If there is contact with the ground, entry into the wood is immediate. But even if there is a yard of brick woik between the ground and the wood, the termites will proceed to construct a tunnel which will keep them, in darkness and out of sight. This will traverse the brickwork and reach the wood. Termites have been known to extend these tunnels as far as 70 feet. What instinct informs them that, at a distance, is to be found sustenance in the form of wood is one of the deepest of mysteries. Not only are the" termites, housed in darkness, aware of the presence of wood, but they know the- direction in when to build their tunnels. Not an inch is lost in meandering! the. tunnels make straight for the new feeding place. There have been cases reported in which a bean pole has leaned for some time against a frame building, otherwise protected. The termites have entered the bean pole from the ground, bored upward to where its top leaned against the Bide of the house and then entered the house. Other cases show' how termites have come through the floor and entered the legs of chairs where they have touched the floor, ultimately boring through every leg and spindle. They subsist, primarily, on the cellulose content of wood and, as there is cellulose in some other articles, they will attack those too, although straight wood is their preference. Paper usually contains cellulose and, lacking wood, termites have destroyed quantities of paper and, in a few cases, valuable documents. Cotton .is another .cellulose source and is attacked. The department of agriculture has examples of shoes being eaten .through, the termites seeking the cotton in the welt. There is even a case of successful attack by termites-upon a hard artifical tile made of pressed woodpulp. Pesistent and Patient Creatures. ThB termite is treacherous in damage in that the insect never breaks through a surface. A still, a foundation timber, a fence post, joist, or rafter may be honey-combed •With the galleries of the termites, but an outer shell will be left looking undamaged. Some sudden jar, however, may cause the collapse of a building which has been so thoroughly - gutted. Examination will show the merest shell of wood remaining. . There are more termites in the south than in northern states, but all over the country termite damage is heavy. A survey in Illinois estimates $1,000,000 a year in damage JS done. Another survey found 80 per cent of the frame structures in New Orleans damaged by termites; Pasadena, Calif.,, found. §0 per .cent. There are'42 known species in-the United States with destructive habits: Although thjes>: creatures are so tiny, they have tremendous resistance of a patient sort. They keep under cover to escape such active enemies as ants and birds but they have other powers. The department of agriculture says no poison spray or similar treatment does any permanent good in checking them. They actually learn, in a brief time, to assimilate any poison and make it a part of their tiiet as a sort of salad dressing or sauce for their regular wood-eating. The only sure prevention against termites is metal insulation. They can build their tunnels across brick, stone, cement, or similar surfaces, but they are unable to build across metal. In building a house, a metal plate should be laid on top of the brick, stone, concrete or other foundation. The termites can build tunnels up to this metal plale of sheet iron, tin, or some such metal, but they can go no farther. If a small house is built on piles, a piece of metal can be placed where the piles join the sills and this will prove resistant. But, although many efforts have been made to discover chemical methods of exterminating or even materially checking the advance of termites, they have proved uniformly unsuccessful. The creature which has kept its character for 55,000,000 years, lived safe from its enemies, provided Itself with food and shelter, and never wavered in pursuit of its destiny, is scarcely going to be cowed by a patent chemical preparation. But metal is a different thing. The termite never cared for metal and Is not going to change Its habits at this late date. There is an official booklet which gives all the facts about these uncanny insects, shows pictures of them, with illustrations of the fearful havoc they work on various objects. A copy of this interesting little publication can be had by anyone who sends five cents with his name and address to Frederic J. Haskin, Washington, D. C. The nickel is necessary to cover the cost of handling and postage. Ask for the Termite Booklet. Rattlesnakes Will Be Shown At Centennial SAN ANGELO, June 9 (/^—"Rattlesnake" George Motl, San Angelo garage man, plans to take his'col- lection of 80 live rattlesnakes to Dallas and Fort Worth for exhibit during the Centennial exposition. One will be a 7-footer with 18 rattles.. The snakes represent a large portion of the Motl catch during the last two months. Motl, during the 15 years he has engaged in what he calls "dry land fishing," estimates he has captured 5,000 rattlers. He has never been bitten. He attributes this to having learned about what a snake will do under most circumstances. Motl .does most of his snake catching in the fall and winter when rattlers are in dens. He has found some 50 feet in the ground and has taken as many as 125 from one den. The width of a snake's rattles and not the number is the best gauge of age, Motl says. Many rattlers over seven feet long have only about 10 rattles while some four or five footers have 18, Motl said. He didn't believe sunlight would kill snakes in an hour until he left about 20 in the sun for 40 minutes and they all died. Motl has had many arguments with persons who insist a .snake can strike farther than the length of its body. Motl says he works within 2 Ms feet of some of the 7-footers and they never have been able to reach him when they strike. Motl says he has known rattlesnakes to live for a year without eating or drinking^ Chaplin's Lady Hurt in Crash HOLLYWOOD, Calif., June 9 (/P) —A dinner engagement is something to be kept by Paulette Goddard, leading lady of Charlie Chaplin, but a. bump on the head is only a blimp. With the film comedian and two other guests, the dark-haired actress was shaken up last night'in an automobile collision on Hollywood boulevard. As Chaplin's Japanese chauffeur stopped at a pedestrian crossing to permit four women to pass, another car struck the limousine from behind. Two men leaped, out of the second machine and fled. Miss Goddard suffered a bruise on the Back of the head,, while Chaplin, William E. Bootes, wealthy English automobile'manufacturer, and his son, Jeffrey Rootes, were jarred. Refusing medical treatment, the dark-haired actress continued with her companions to a dinner at a gay night club rather than delay them. . She said she would see a physician today. •» Zicmcheck Breaks Out, Tours Grounds In White Bathrobe WASHINGTON, June 9. Breaking out of his room at Gallinger hospital and touring the grounds in a white bathrobe, Rep. Marion A: Zioncheck today lost his reputation as the institution's model patient. The Washington state representative, committed to the hospital for mental observation, freed himself by kicking out two window screens.' . He galloped about' the grounds,. whooping and puffing at a long black cigar, until apprehended by guards. Cutting Up at Quins' Birthday Party Happiest of the guests at the Dionne quintuplets' second birthday party In the babies' nursery at Callander, Oont., were these three men, about to have a taste of the birthday cake. They are (he babies' guardians, left to right, Dr. Allan Roy Dafoe, David A. Croll, Ontario Minister of Welfare, and Judge J. A. Valin, of North Bay. The event was made occasion for announcement by the guardians that a fortune of $250,000 cash for a motion picture contract Keynoter and Chairman had just been bestowed upon (he quintuplets, bringing the .babies' cash bank account to $450,000, and their earnings in two years to $500,000. These vigorous postures will be a very familiar sight to the thousands who will throng Cleveland's public hall during the G. O. P. national convention. Top photo gives a preview of Senator Frederick Steiwcr (B., Ore.), temporary chairman, delivering the keynote speech. Below is Kep. Bertrand Snell (R., N. Y.), permanent chairman, wielding the gavel which will echo repeatedly throughout the hall during the conclave. By MAR6ARET BELL HOUSTON Chapter 28 SPANISH CIGARETS Mary felt no particular loyalty to Martin. "Wait till Mister Bupert comes back. She'll be right as anything. You'll see." • Dirk spoke to Mary about the heat. Bernard, who had charge of the furnace, must stoke it a . bit more heartily. "Bernard's doing all he can, Mister Dirk. The tower-room's not really cold. She can't get warm for worrying. I've been thinking of getting an electric stove. If she could see the rert glow of it. . ." Dirk approved the idea.'"By the way," he said, "what brand of cigarets does Mrs. Joris smoke? I mean to get her some." "Now that I couldn't tell ypu, sir. She hasn't smoked at all, till lately." "But she smokes now," persisted Dirk." "Well, yes, sir. I notice the odor now and then. However, I never' see any lying around, so I wouldn't know the brand." • Dirk watched her go, saw her knock on Hope's door. He went to. his room, -had just lit his lamp, when Mary came to him there. "Mrs. Joris has mentioned • her brand of cigarets, sir. I told her you wanted to know. I've written it down." Dirk took the slip of paper, and read in Mary's painstaking script, "Hennosos." "It's a Spanish cigaret, she says, sir. She doubts if you can find them here." "I can try, tell her." Mary came inside the room. She AUTO LOANS Be Us for Beady Cash to • Refinance. • Buy a new car. • Reduce payments. • Raise money to meet bills. J?rompt and Courteous Attention given all applications. PANHANDLE INSURANCE AGENCY Combs-WorleyBldg. Ph. 601 closed the door behind her. "Mister Dirk," she said, "I couldn't talk free to you just now. We were just outside her door. I'm worried about her, as a matter of fact I'm afraid she's right ill." "I'll call a doctor," Dirk said at once. Mary shook her head. "A doctor, if she'd see him, wouldn't do any good. I'd almost say she wanted to die. And yet something keeps her up, makes her eat the things I bring her. Something happened. . while she was away, or since she came back. I try to think. . . the rest of the help do think. . . that it's Mister Rupert she's grieving about. I'm not so sure. But if it was the noise the other night. . . " "Well?" said Dirk, as she paused. "If it was the noise, why won't she leave the tower-room?" "Have you any Idea as to why she won't?" asked Dirk. "It's simple enough, sir. She likes the room. She's used to it. It's next to Mister Rupert's room, and all his things. And she wants to be there when he comes home. I've seen sick people like that before, sir. . . not wanting to move or to change. Only if it was the ghost that made .her ill.-. .-No, sir,, it's not any ghost, not even Mister Rupert's illness. I think she's grieving about her people." "Her family, you mean. . . in Texas?' 1 "If that's where they are, sir. Have you noticed she never gets any letters? If it's worry about her folks, and they won't have anything to do with her, a doctor won't do any good." Dirk reflected, when Mary had gone, that her diagnosis or Hope's condition might be in a measure right. He remembered that Hope herself had told him that she was estranged from her family. . . from her father, to be exact. He had thought little of it at the time, or since. More likely it was Hope herself who refused to write or communi- eate, and was suffering the consequences of her own pride. It might even bp that she had not told them where she was, or that she had married. She had probably not wanted them to know. She would probably not forgive him if he telegraphed them now. Yet, even if the estrangement was not at the root of her illness, or in part to blame, he would feel safer if her father were here, or at least apprised of her condition. Why had he not thought of this before? Because Hope had seemed to him to have no more ties than a wandering gypsy might. She had drifted into his house, into his life, with no background but. the circus, the rainy night. And now . . . she might be drifting out again, might be really ill. . . He encountered Nora on'his way to the telephone. She had found the revolver. "On his desK, sir. Not tucked away at all, but layin' under a great poile of papers, sir, I niver touch his desk . . niver. Would ye PRINCESS ALICE AND MRS. SIMMS ARE QUITE BUSY CLEVELAND. June 8 f/Pt—Tlme was when women attending: a national convention were more ornamental than Useful, but today all tftat Is changed. The fair sex is taking- hold of party work with a zest Alice Roosevelt Longworth is one of the busiest women here. Besides being a working Journalist, she is, for the first time, a delegate, n-.ember of the Ohio group. And her convention-companion for many years, Ruth Harma MeCormlck Simms of New Mexico, has arrived here as chairman of her state delegation, the first time a woman has held the post. Social affairs, usually well-attended at republican conclaves, are planned for every day in the week, but Mrs. Wllma D. Hoyal of Arizona, pre-convention director of women's activities, says, "The convention's too intense. The women will stick to sessions and committee meetings." Women workers are much in evidence at the candidates' head- (Juarters. Col. Prank Knox has a convention veteran, Mrs. Helen B. .Griffin' of Orant Park, HI., greeting people at his headquarters, and buttonholing the uninstructed delegates still to declare their preference. Mrs. Griffin is a veteran of the women's suffrage fight; a tall, graceful woman with white hair, wide blue eyes and a ready laugh. She smiles confidently. "But if I'm wrong," she says, "and Knox isn't nominated, I'll campaign for the party's choice." At Landon headquarters, "It's like a live-stock show back home, all the home-folks are here," one woman worker said as she pinned Kansas sun-flowers on visitors' lapels. Queen of the Landonites is Mrs. Fred Harris of Ottawa, Kas., a white-haired woman who seems to know everyone from her home state. She is a widow, who with her two sons, runs two Kansas newspapers. She has been chosen national committee-woman from Kansas. Today an ingenue star of the big show is expected to arrive from Kansas, Peggy Ann Landon, daughter of the governor. She is of college age, but she helped manage her father's 1934 campaign, and she is expected to roll up her sleeves and go to work. moind, sir, comin 1 and gettin' it, if ye want it?" Dirk went .Into Rupert's room and found the revolver. It was unloaded, he discovered. Rupert, no doubt, had attended to that. Hope was not visible when he returned to her room. Her dinner had been placed on a small table beside the lamp, and there was a light on in her dressing room. He called out his errand to her. "I'm putting 1 your cannon in the wall-pocket." She thanked him, and he went out, wishing he might have seen her again, if only for a moment. He telephoned first to Old Forge and talked with Dr. Graves who he knew would be there that night. Rupert was doing as well as they could hope, and Graves was returning in the morning. He would come at once, on arrival, to see Hope. This Dirk felt, was imperative. Even if he could not help her, he might be able to tell them what had.stricken her. The name of Hope's father "was in Dirk's note-book, . . How much to tell him? How little did he know? The Rev. Silas Devine- El Paso, Texas Hope ill here at Lowrie Wood. My brother away, and too ill himself to be told of wife's condition. Feel it imperative that you should come at once. —Dirk' Joris. He appended the address to the telegram, and felt that it conveyed all that was needful. Dirk gets a puzzling report, Monday, from his detectives. Summer Band School June 1 to August 22 Mondays, Wednesday and Fridays Private Instruction CALL A. C. COX for information PHONE 814-R DEFENDANT IN A CATTLE THEFT TRIAL WAS SUCH A BIG LIAR HE WAS FREED AFTER GUILTY PLEA ABILENE, June 9 (AP)—William Emmett Roberts, whose death at Nugent, Jones county, recently removed the man called by West Texas historians "the last frontiersman" of tills part of the country, related In detail several years ago his experiences as the only settler between Fort Griffin In Shackelford county and the colonies of New Mexico. As early as 1869. with his brothers John, Dick and Creed Roberts, the late rancher ran the Pollard cattle outfit in Stephens county. In. 1871 the brothers moved to "Ranger Camp" near Ranger and In 1813 Emmett came to what Is now southeastern Jones county, camping on the Clear Fork of the Brazos, and with an old cowboy friend. Mode Johnson, staked out claim.';. They cnmpert five miles apart when they started "living out." claims. Headquarters of the Pollard ranch, which the Roberts ran during the first decade after the Civil War, were located on Gonzales creek, four miles from the present city of Breckenrldge. "There was a 'settlement near the present Breckenridge known as Picketville," Roberts told Dr. Rupert N. Richardson, vice president of Hardin Simmons university. '"I do not know whether they called It Picketville because all the houses were made of pickets with roofs, covered with dirt, or because the Picket family lived there. There were a number of houses In the village which the cattlemen through the country used as places of safety for their families. They did not dare leave them alone on the ranches because of the Indians." The Comanches were the settlers' greatest enemies, Roberts declared. They did not bother cattle but time and again stole all horses on the randies, leaving cowboys afoot. Thousands of buffalo drifted thru the country, going as fur south as Coleman, Roberts said. "I have seen the- time when I could step out from our tent or house and shoot several early *in the morning without moving from the front door," he told Dr. Richardson. "The trails they cut thru the country were sometimes several feet deep. It was annoying to ride down them because they were too narrow for the horse to. follow conveniently and we frequently had to put our feet across the horses' necks." Buffalo, large and small, were roped, he said. They would fight and for that reason cowboys practicing roping with them used long lariats. It was fine practice to teach a horse to "stand" but dangerous sport, declared the veteran cowman. When chased a buffalo would never run east or south—always west or. northwest, Roberts declared. In his first years oh the Clear Fork he hauled supplies from Fort Worth each spring, including about 1.500- pounds of flour, . canned goods and other provisions. He used six cowponles, one for each working fiay in trie week. An amusing tale- of his frontier experiences concerned a cow hand in Palo Pinto county "who . would never tell the truth." "The ranchmen were trying to put down the stealing of cattle," Roberts related. "Tills man was liked by most everybody -but he had a weakness for driving away cattle not his. They got an indictment against him but the country was so thinly populated it took all the men In It to run the courts. I used to set on the grand jury and then serve us a petit juror. III.s lawyer got among the witnesses dm) found (.hey had a. pretty good case against his client. So he got the man to plead guilty, hoping for a light sentence. "Everybody on the jury knew, what a Han the defendant was so when he pleaded guilty they did not believe him and brought in a verdict of not guilty." BLACK-DRAUGHT A Laxative That Thousands Prefer Black-Draught has helped so many men and womefi that others, needing a purely vegetable laxative, should have no hesitancy in trying it. Black-Draught relieves constipation in an easy, natural way. "We have found Black-Draught so satisfactory, I do not see any need to change," writes Mr, Ralph Burch, of Black, Ala. "I take Black- Draught for biliousness and constipation which make me feel sluggish, tired and no account. Black- Draught surely will relieve, me/' The proper use of this old, reliable laxative tends to leave' the bowels acting regularly. Be sure to try it! Sold everywhere in 25-cent packages. Dressmaking Plain and Fancy sewing by an expert Dressmaker. Prices reasonable. Work Guaranteed. See us for your summer wardrobe. Singer Sewing Machine Co. Phone 689 EM No. Curler Read The News Want-Ads. UBCBTIDn? We're taking Ours -l/ome Texans are seeing Texas during BUS TRAVEL IS BEST NORTH, EAST, SOUTH OB WEST Modern, Convenient, Comfortable Coaches! FARES ARE LOWEST IN HISTORY! 1. Liberal Stop-Oven Allowed. *. Seductions on All B«und Trip Ticket*. I. Fast and Close Connections. i. Sale and Competent Driven. LET US HELP PLAN YOUR TWP OR VACATION NOW, Agent* Will Gladly Furnish Detail Information PAMPA BUS TERMINAL 118 South Ruuell St. Phone 971 VEBR! Centennial year Is not only an oppor. tunlty ior Texas to be host to millions of visitors from other states, It's a year for Texans to travel Texas and know their own .state 1 . for real vacation pleasures Texas Is unsurpassed anywhere. Wo have mountain*, seashore, missions, foreign atmosphere, pine woods, gay night life in our metropolitan cities, historic places, unexcelled golf and fishing — every attraction you can find anywhere, right here In our own state. Millions of Texans are seeing the big exposition at Dallas, then driving an to various other parts of the state for other equally interesting Centennial Celebrations, The Texas Centennial is Hate-wide. See all ol It that time permits. Read the calendar of Interesting Centennial events at the right. Write the various chambers of commerce for complete Information at cities you are Interested 'In* For a 'eal vacation — Texans, SEE TEXAS! TEHd! iEnn 133B - there's plenty in this Big State We Haven't Seen" VISIT THESE INTERESTING \ CENTENNIHL / XCELEBRFITIONB/ to June 1) JUNE 6-NOVEMBER 29—DALLAS—Central Exposition. JUNE 7-14—CORPUS CHRISTI—Exposition and Water Carnival. JUKE 11—FAYETTEV1LLE — Centennial Tomato Festival. JUNE 11-13— FORT STOCKTON— Water Carnival. JUNE 13—WOODVILLE — Tyler County Homecoming. • . JUNE 15-16—HILLSBORO — Centennial Produce Market. JUNE 16—MATAGORDA — Centennial Pilgrimage to Episcopal Church. JUNE 18—NORMANGEE—El Camlno Real Centennial Celebration. . ' JUNE 18-20—MENARD—Menard gounly Centennial Celebration. ; , „ JUNE 19—BEEV,ILLE — "lune Teenth" Jubilee. ' JUNE 19-20—ELECTRA — Oil Exposition and Centennial Jubilee. WHEELER— American Legion'Pioneer Celebration. JUNE 18-21—PORT ARANSAS—Texas Tarpon Rodeo. • ' JUNE 19-22—GALVESTQN :— .Oleander Festival. JUNE 20-21—BROWNWOOD — Centen- . nial Regatta, JUNE 23-24—MT. PLEASANT—Milk Festival. • • JUNE M-27-T-SHtNER—Centennial ol Agrt- JUNE 2 r £-CHILDRESS—"Texas Under Six Flags" Pageant. JUNE 26-28—MIDLAND—Rodeo and Fair. JUNE 28-30—BALLINGER—Golden Anniversary. - ... JUNE 29—TEMPLE —Pioneer Day and Birthday Celebration. JUNE 30-JULY 4—PORT ARTHUR — Con• tennial Revue.' • , ' • JULY 1-4—BRADY—July Jubilee and Centennial Carnival. MART '— Centennial Homecoming. JULY 1-5—FREEPORT—King Fish Rodeo. JULY 1-DECEMBER 1—FORT WORTH — Texas Frontier Centennial. JULY 2-4—PECOS-^-Wild West R9dao. •STAMFORD — Cowboy Reunion and Rodeo. FALFURRIAS—American Legion Rodeo. CANADIAN—Anvil Park Rodeo and Cowboy Reunion. BASTROP—Centennial Pageant and Celebration. TERRELL — American Leqlon Centennial Celebration. OZONA—Crockett County Rodso and Stock Show. AUSTIN—American Legion Centennial Celebration. July 3-4-rROCK SPRINGS—Livestock Exhibit and Rodeo. COTULLA—Centennial Celebration. LUBBOCK—Veterans' Centennial Celebration. JULY 3-5-^EAGLE PASS — Border Jubilee,BORGER—West Texas Pageant, Rodeo. JULY 4—MATHIS—Centennial ^Reception. CLARENDON— Centennial Celebration and Pioneers' Round^Up. BELTON-^HIs- torical Celebration and Rodeo. BOWIE — Pioneer Pageant and Celebration. KERRVILLE — Historical Celabrallpn. McALLJEN— American'Legion Celebration. CISCO — Golden Jubilee Celebration. SLATON—Silver Anniversary Celebration. COMFORT — Rodeo and Pageant. BANDERA—Centennial Rodeo and Barbecue. .•;•••.••• For dalti beyond July 4 utrilf Stale Headquarters TEXAS CENTENNIAL CELEI- ltW». .
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