DAY BY DAY Death and destruction stalked abroad over the week-end, as attested by 12 different articles on first page of our morning contemporary. WEATHER Fair tonight and tomorrow; slightly cooler tonight. VOI PYI Mr* IQft PuWUhtd dftllr («c«pt Sunday) hr th« Mall Publishing C*. T vf LI. V^TVl, r*U. 1*7V». Entered *• second-cl*§. matter at th« Ha^erstown Poitofflc*. HAGERSTOWN, MD., MONDAY, AUGUST 14, 1939. SINGLE COPIES, 3 CENTS NAZIS SERVE VEILED ULTIMATUM 20 Killed, 50 Injured In "Sabotage" Wreck MAN WITHOUT EARS SOUGHT Wreck Of Streamlined Train Deliberately Planned, Say Officials WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (/P)— The Interstate Commerce Commis gion sent five investigators today t the scene of the wreck of th Southern Pacific railroad's trans continental train in which at leas 20 persons w:e killed. RENO, Nev., Aug. 14, (#>)•—Th« fiendishly plotted wrecking of ; $2,000,000 streamliner train left a least 20 persons dead and 114 in jnred today, while police sought man "with both ears off" for quest tioning about the tragedy. Southern Pacific officials said evi dence clearly indicated the wrecl of their crack west-bound "City o: San Francisco" in the desert wastes of Central Nevada Saturday nigh' was deliberately planned. A coro ner's jury summoned to the, scene yesterday found the disaster was caused by "a misplaced rail, mis placed by a person or persons un known." Spikes Removed Forty-four spikes had been removed from 'the outside rail of a curve where all but four of the 17 cars of the yellow-tan flier hurtled off the tracks. Angle plates connecting rail lengths had been removed. An entire 30-foot length of rail had been moved four inches inward and the rail tie plates respiked to the ties in the new position, said T. J. Foley of Ogden, Utah, assistant Southern Pacific division superintendent. The small electric block signal cable between the rails, which if lampered with would have moved signals into stop position, was left jn place, Foley said. The nearest signal, which would have stopped the stream-liner, is 2,200 feet from the bridge. As this evidence of what Foley termed "clearly a case of sabotage with murderous intent'' was uncovered,.Nevada state police asked of(Continued on Page 12) MRS. BOWMAN HURT1NCRASK Machine Collides With Bowman Auto Near Middletown, Va. Mrs. Frank Bowman, King street, is in the Washington County hospital with a fractured arm. the result of an automobile accident yesterday near Middletown, Va. The Bowman car was driven by a son, S te w art Bo w m a n. while Mr. and Mrs. Bo -man were in the rear seat. The Bowmans were traveling from Strausburg to Winchester. Va., when another car, driven by a woman, pulled out of a-slow line of traffic and made a sharp turn colliding with the Bowman car. Mrs. Bowman was thrown heavily to the op- sosite side of the car and an arm •was fractured between the elbow and shoulder. She sustained no other injuries and her husband and son were not hurt. TWO APPOINTED WASHINGTON. Aug. 14 (#>).— The Farm Security administration announced today appointment of A. Claude Turner of Lusby. Md,, and Howard S. Leaverton, of Rock Hall. Md., as members of the Maryland State Farm Security Advisory committee. They succeed Walter A. Burall of Now Market, and Samuel C. Linton of Riverside, who retired from the voluntary committee. Victims Of Streamliner Wreck Bodies of victims of the wreck of the streamliner "City of San Francisco" lie under white shrouds beside the track along Humbolt River Canon in Nevada. Twenty, persons died in the wreck and nearly sixty were injured. Anti-British Leaders Of North China Meet TIENTSIN. Aug. 14 (#»)—Anil- British leaders in North China pen eel a three-day conference to- ny to consider resolutions calling u»r such things as an anti-British lovement in British colonies and Canada, The meeting began with parades, t was not likely the demonstrators onld attempt to enter the British oncession. blockaded since June 1-1, ut British defense forces were lobilized to meet them at the oundary, if necessary. One resolution before the confer- nces would make the anti-British ampuign a permanent part of the enera] reconstruction scheme in orth China with the object of orcing out all Britons and their ilercsts. Another would establish n "anti-British" course in junior chools. CHECK OIL FLOW AUSTIN, Tex.. Aug. 14, (IP). — hut.down of Texas oil fields for IS iys effective at. 7 a. m., tomorrow as ordered today by the State ailrorul Commission. The commission, which regulates ie flow from 80,000 oil wells in the ate, decided on the holiday after ome major companies had slashed •utle prices 20 per cent. Simon T-,. Downey, of Washington county is a inomer of the committee. SHOOTING TIP BEST WEATHER O. ii Weather Rurean Maryland: Fair tonight and Tuesday; slightly cooler tonight. Chesapeake Ray Partly cloudy to cloar tonight and Tuesday; slightly cooler tonight; gontle lo moderate variable winds, mostly j lortherly. A Smithsburg. Route 1 resident won last week's first prize in the news up contest—$2.50 for his tip on the fatal shooting in which a Wolfsville woman killed her husband. The second prize is divided be tween a North Potomac street girl who gave the tip on the rattlesnake which a railroad employe stumbled over and then killed, and two tips from a Tloonshoro resident, one on the thrft of wheat and the other on a now power line being built over tho mountain into Boonsboro. Tips are act-opted each week da> by the Daily Mail between the hours of 7:30 a, m. and 1;30 p» m. Charges Manufacturers Ass'n Seeks To Nullify Labor Act Senate Committee Accuses Association Deliberately Organized Nationwide Campaign And Flooded Country Witb Propaganda. WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (/?)— The Senate Civil Liberties committee said today the National Association of Manufacturers "deliberately organized" a nation-wide campaign "to nullify the administration of the National Labor Relations Act." A committee report filed with the secretary of the Senate said the association was financed largely by a small group of corporations which "have organized the strategy for a national program of employer opposition to labor unions and to governmental action to improve conditions of labor." Declaring that the organization "has flooded the country" with anti-labor propaganda the committee added: "Much of this propaganda is intended to influence the public with reference to elections, and officials of the association have boasted that its propaganda has influenced the political opinions of millions of citizens and affected their choice of candidates for Federal offices. Would Sway Public Opinion "In effect the National Association of Manufacturers is a vehicle for spending corporate funds to influence the opinion of the public in its selection of candidates for office. It may be questioned whether such use of the resources of corporate enterprise does not contravene the well established public policy —forbidding corporations to make contributions in connection with political elections." The committee, headed by Senator La Follotte (Prog-Wis), said it was not yet prepared to submit recommendations for "remedial legislation." POLICEMAN KILLL J j WASHINGTON. Aug. 14 (JP).— j Raymond E. Grant, 2!), motorcycle policeman, died today when his motorcycle skidded and overturned while he sped around a curve to answer an emergency call. • Grant, responding to a report a ! prowler had been seen in the rear I of a residence, suffered a fractured i skull. I Admits Attacks On Three Women STILL UNCONSCIOUS. .Karl McC. Re.nn?r, r.M, .700 block West Washington street, who was admitted to the hospital the morning of August '2 in an unconscious condition, continues unconscious at the Washington County Hospital. Today is the thirteenth day Renner has been in a stupor and phy- ; sieinns are said to be despairing of his ultimate recovery. SCHOOLS TO OPEN St. Mary's Catholic High and : srrade schools will open Tuesday. \ September 5, it wa;» announced Suni day. Thomas Manges, 17, trapped by Allegany county police, confessed today that he attempted to attack three women since August 1. The youth told how he waited in darkness and pounced upon unsuspecting women on three different occasions. All three women identi- iied Manges. Manges was captured when residents reported a "big man" was lurking in the neighborhood. Officers characterized the youth as a menace to all women, recalling that Manges had been arrested on a similar charge in February, 1!>.1S, and had been paroled for ;> years. 6 AMERICANS AMONG 14 TO DIE IN CRASH Wreckage Of "Baby Clipper' Believed To Hold Answer To Tragedy RIO DE JANEIRO, Aug. 14 (ff>)— The crushed wreckage of a Pan American "baby clipper" was believed today to hold the answer to an unexplained crash in whic,h 14. persons were killed yesterday almost within a stone's throw of their destination at the end of a 3,700 mile flight. Six Americans died in the wreck, among them Professor James Harvey Rogers of Yale, an eminent economist and a familiar figure in Washington in the early days of the New Deal. Three of the Americans were crew members. Only two of the 16 occupants of the two-motored ship survived. Both were rescued by launches of the Brazilian naval arsenal and taken to hospitals. Two persons who saw the crash as the plane nosed down toward its landing at the end of a flight from Miami, Fla., said it seemed suddenly to slant sharply down and strike (Continued on Page 12) Smithsburg Is Divided Again School Janitorship Has Town Stirred With More Action Promised. Smithsburg, long a hotbed for school squabbles, is a divided camp again over a school Janitorship with one side claiming victory as a result of a vote of the Board of Education in meeting last week, and the other side promising more fireworks at the next meeting of the board. According to reports, it all started some weeks ago when the trustees of the school recommended the appointment of Charles South to the Janitorship long held by Daniel Kline. Acting on the recommendation of the trustees the school authorities are said to have notified Mr. South by letter that he was duly appointed and should report for duty August 15.- Hearing of South's appointment, friends of Kline rallied at once and last week appeared before the Board of Education in meeting in protest and asked that the Board reconsider. After considerable ar- jument pro and con the Board voted to rescind the appointment of Mr. South, thus allowing Mr. ivline to remain on the job. However, friends of South have since rallied and are asking for another hearing on the matter. South claims he has no written or- :ler advising him of the Board's action in rescinding his appointment, )ut on the other hand has a letter notifying him of his appointment.. Peach Harvest Is Under Way Few Peaches In Highlands, Plenty In Lowland Orchards. Loved And Feared Jay Meredith, 22,radio actress wife of Thomas Cochran, who as Herbert Goddard, Jr., is the alleged "talent scout" slayer of Miami girl, told of being menaced often by him. In New York, petite Jay also said he had threatened her friends after they separated. SIXTEEN HURT IN ACCIDENTS Hospital Emergency Room Taxed To Capacity With 12 At One Time Two auto crashes in which a total of twelve persons were injured, one seriously, taxed the capacity of the emergency room of the Washington County Hospital late last night and had attendants and physicians working overtime for several hours. Since all those injured suffered cuts, blood flowed rather freely before physicians could stitch up the wounds'. With one exception an the victims left the hospital last night or this morning. Records at the Institution show- that a total of sixteen persons were treated for auto injuries during Sunday. Clyde Stuby, Hyndman, Pa., who suffered serious chest injuries and a possible punctured lung, fs the most seriously hurt and is reported in a serious condition. Stuby was one of six hurt in a head-on crash on the Western Pike near Hopewell about 10:30 o'clock last night. Richard Foreman, 21. (Continued on Page 12) INFANT BADLY HURT IN FALL Romesberg Child Falls From Back Porch Of Martinsburg Home. I Donna^ Lee Romesberg, infant \ daughter of Mr. . Mrs. Luther j Romesberg, of Martinsburg. form- j erly O f Hagerstown. is in a critical condition due to a fractured skull suffered in a fall from the back porch of her home, according to word received here today. Luther Romesberg is a son of Theodore Romesberg, this city, and operates a coal yard in Martinsburg, to which city he moved after Ill's marriage to Miss Irene Swope, | of near Leitersburg, i HOT FOOT CONTEST BLOOMS TONIGHT. Mrs. W. K. Albert, 3SS John street, has A night-hloorning cerens which will bloom tonight, having eicht hiAssr-.rr.s. All are welcome lo view the exotic plant. Washington County growers pre- ; pared this week to harvest a size- j able peach crop, with the first of the j slappy variety about ready to harvest, with the early Elbertas to follow. A fine crop of late varieties of peaches is reported by growers with orchards in the lowlands, but there will be very few peaches in orchards at higher altitudes. Those were hard hit in the spring by sev- i oral frosts and poor polleni/.ation I weather. One grower in the Smiths- j [ burg section, whose orchard is on i high grouns, will harvest only a few I hundred bushels, while trees in or• c-hards in the lowlands are full of i fruit. ' Some orchardists in the Smiths! burg area said that the lack of rain might reduce the size of late ; varieties. Late peaches are badly in need of showers to give them i size, say growers. ROCHESTER. Minn.. Aug 14 (JR). Somebody brought up the question of why policemen have big feet and so some others started a survey. They found out the policemen's feet were biggest, all right, but they still don't know why. The policeman's average shoe was a size 10 and although thf mailmen walked as much, their foot averaged a 0. GLAD TO GET BACK MIDDLEBOURXK. W. Va.. Aug. 14 (^p)—J. H. Mercer was glad to be back in Tyler county jail, from which be escaped six days ago. He telephoned from a community 20 miles distant that his feet ached and ho. was hungry. He askod the sheriff to send an automobile for him. The sheriff did—gladly. Danzig Question Must Be Settled Speedily SEE PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT LONDON, Aug. 14 (/P)—Talks between Reichsfuehrer Hitler and Prof. Carl J. Burckhardt, League of Nations high commissioner for Danzig, over the week-end were seen by British official circles today as a possible preliminary to efforts to negotiate the Danzig dispute. A government spokesman, commenting on Burckhardt's visit to Berchtesgaden, » said the high commissioner now was "in a position to make contacts with the Polish government and the Danzig Senate." It was admitted that no report on the talks had been received here, but official circles said Burckhardt made the call at Hitler's invitation and it was assumed the Fuehrer must have had some settlement plan to present. Britain as a member of the league committee of three responsible for Danzig affairs was notified confidentially of the invitation a few hours before Burckhardt left Danzig Friday. In view of the Burckhardt- Hitler talks political observers saw added significance in today's leading editorial of the authoritative London Times which made several references to the possibility of peaceful settlement of Europe's problems. Unless It Is, European Powder Barrel Might Explode Italy Will Stand With Germany On Joint Course- By LOUIS P, LOCHNER BERLIN, Aug. 14, (£>)—A Nazi source with unusually good connections with high officialdom said today that Prof. Carl V, Burkhardt, League of Nations Commissioner for Danzig, has a plan for peaceful settlement of the dispute between Germany and j Poland over the. Free City. The plan, according to this source, calls for the reunion of Danzig with the Reich and for "a direct and guaranteed connection between East Prussia (including Danzig) and Germany proper." Reichsfuehrer Hitler, Polish Foreign Minister Joseph Beck and Danzig Nazi leader Albert Forster were said to be acquainted with the plan and to have accepted it as a possible basis for discussion. This Nazi source said that Commissioner Burckhardt was making a secret trip to London to present the plan to Lord Halifax, the British foreign minister. CORN NEEDS RAIN BADLY Tiring" Of Stalks Noted; Rain In Prospect Today. Lack of rain and the extremely warm weather of the last week is threatening Washington county's corn crop. Some farmers reported evidence of "firing" which if it continues will play havoc with the crop. While some of the corn planted early is maturing nicely, that planted later is in poor condition. There were signs this morning of rain, J. A. Miller government weather observer at Keedysville reported. Mr. Miller said that corn is badly in need of rain. The last heavy shower in the county was two weeks ago. He said some farmers reported "firing" of the corn stalks. In some fields the blades are dead "up to the ears. While late potatoes are most promising. these too need rain badly, said Mr. Miller. Today's minimum temperature was CO, the same as yesterday's low, when the mercury soared to 93. Mr. Miller said that it is unlikely that the mercury will go as high today us it was clouding up this morning. The Weather P.ureau's forecast for the 24 hours, however, saw no signs of showers, although cooler weather was predicted. BERLIN, Aug. 14 (/P).— High Nazi officials declared today after reaching new decisions with Italy on a joint course of action that "the European powder barrel may explode" unless the Danzig question is settled speedily. Deutsche Diplomatisch-Politische Korrespandenz, mouthpiece of th« foreign office, 'said: "Jf the stubbornness and insolence of certain powers in regions that do not in any way concern their interests continues, they may be sure that the determination of Germany and Italy will be posed j against them." I Endangers Peace In the opinion of the foreign of| fice mouthpiece "the future of Danzig, which often has been designated as the powder barrel of Europe, has today again become a burning problem and one that endangers the peace." Unless a quick solution is found —and it is obvious that by "solution" Germany always means the (Continued on Page 2) OFFICE SAFE ROBBED HERE Reports Doves M. Are Plentiful Farmers Say Good Season Should Be Enjoyed Here; Opens September 1. Barring extra cool weather, the dove hunting season, scheduled to open September 1, should be one of the best in years .according ro farmers and others, who say thai game appears more plentiful than over known. Cool weather force> the birds south. Some farmers report thai in In-: evening they see hundreds of doves on their farms when heretofore they would scarcely see dozens. The season opens September 1 and continues to September 30. then closing' until November 14. The squirrel season this year opens September l- r > and continues to October 1 !> to olos^ until November Thief Or Thieves Get $125 From Office Of John E. Graybill &: Co. Gaining entrance with the use of keys, a thief or thieves between midnight Saturday and 7 o'clock this morning robbed a safe in the office of the John K. Graybill & Co., Inc., rear of 56-5S East Washington street, of approximately $125 in cash. The robbery was discovered by ' an office employee this morning I and police immediately notified. Investigation disclosed the thiet or thieves opened the doors to the building and office with keys and and also the inner safe door. The thief or thieves left a S10 note in the cash box of the safe in addition to a pay envelope containing $21.78. Police have several clues. MUCH ADO RICHMOND. Va., Aug. 14 (£>)— Airport officials made numerous j telephone calls seeking to locate A.. B. Hilliard. unreported several hours on a flight from Franklin Field, about 75 miles southeast of Richmond. Then someone looked behind the I hangar. There was Hilliard, nap- i ping in his plane and waiting for ! his wife to come and get him in the family automobile. TWO DIE IN CRASH VAX XUYS. Calif., Aug. 14 (.^PV~ A stunting airplane crashed in the hack yr.rd of the pilot's home, killing W. R. Harper. 40. and his p.is- senger. Dr. Thomas R. Thorn. 3S. Richard Ro.ov*s told police Harper stunted over the neighborhood several hours before his plane pan- cakod into rhick^r, OAOTV LUCK LOS AXGELES. Aug, 14 (£>)— The thief who snatched Miss Lavena Underdown's purse and $43.50 handed her a penny: "This is for good Inck but you will have to have better luck to cot mo cancht."
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