Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois on July 12, 1975 · Page 7
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Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois · Page 7

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Saturday, July 12, 1975
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AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER Published daily except Sunday and six legal holidays by The Freeport Journal-Standard Publishing Company FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1975 FREEPORT, ILLINOIS Perspective And Policy By REV. PAUL OFFENHISER* The 200th birthday of our country provides a remarkable historic vantage point from which to assess, "We hold these truths to be self- evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness - that to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed." What action followed this bold, specifically spelled-out Declaration of Independence? The historic process through 200 years has brought us to the present point of fulfillment of this stated purpose: "We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity." A severely tested Constitutional formula, with wide and abundant resources, both personal and natural, has been and still iis our formula. In 1975, however, circumstances have greatly changed. The people of the world, once widely separated by distance, varied cultures, customs and languages, are thrown together now in living interdependence. "New occasions teach new duties," said the poet. How about our guiding formula for the future of the 136 nations with more to come - in our one world of somewhat "United Nations?" " Will our principles and ideals enable us, and other nations desiring life, liberty and happiness to fashion institutions which will assure "justice, domestic tranquility and promote the general welfare?" I firmly believe they will. The path into the future is not easy. There are devastating hazards and pitfalls, but note our lodestar: "self-evident truths ..: all men created equal . . . endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights." It is our creator's.- God's - world, given to all people, regardless of culture, custom or language, with common needs and rights. Peace is basic, demanding action consistent with desired ends. This means rules and organizations of trust, integrity, honesty, sharing, etc. To implement this perspective with policies means you and me all of us, where we are - as citizens cooperating as "we, the people." *An advocate of ecumenism, the Rev. Paul Offenhiser is a Stephenson County native. He returned to the area about 10 years after serving several campus ministries in the east and southeast. He was minister of visitation at Embury Methodist Church for six years and is a past member of the Freeport Human Relations Commission. Unemployed Youth One of the most distressing and most potentially dangerous aspects of the economy, which is struggling to Emerge from recession, is the high unemployment rate of young people seeking either summer jobs or permanent jobs. It is a phenomenon always encountered at this season of the year, but in this special year it is worse than ever. There are several reasons for the predicament, and none that seems to yield to any of the suggested remedies. One is the fact that nearly all of the young job seekers have been supported by their elders, all of whom are thankful for what employment they have, even if it is not enough, and not willing or able to step aside to let the youngsters replace them. Furthermore, the pressure for jobs is strongest from the parents rather than from the children, who have not yet had the experience of self-support, let alone supporting a family. Accustomed to parental support and assured of receiving what is possible, the young job seekers aren't that worried. Neither have they had the opportunity to acquire the skills called for by many of the jobs they could hope to fill. Some of the youngsters have special aptitudes, but their chief asset is apt to be physical strength, endurance and agility. . -• The impulse to use these special assets for other purposes is irresistible. Recreation and sports are the best outlets. Lacking these, there is always mischief thought up by themselves or their peers. Simply doing nothing is out of the question for average normal teenagers. Neither do they welcome well-meant advice or prodding from their elders. Last, but perhaps most serious, is that, such jobs as they can find are scrappy, offering no lengthy term of employment .and no future. Young people tenderly reared, of whom there are millions growing up, have also developed an antipathy for menial jobs or those associated in their minds with dull, uninteresting repetitious performance. The challenge to the government to do something about unem-~ ployment of youth is going to be met by creating temporary jobs of some sort, maybe not always productive. What is needed is probably a more comprehensive policy of offering.training to those wishing to enroll in long, rather than short-term service. What Other Editors Say Weather Warfare (Washington Post) News reports hailing an imminent Soviet-American agreement to outlaw "weather warfare" are, unfortunately, wrong. For what the two governments are d'scussing points toward an eventual agreement that would permit weather warfare. The confusion arises over the distinction between climate (a long-term permanent phenomenon) and weather (short-term, . temporary). In their "Joint Statement on Environmental Warfare" last July, Mr. Nixon and Mr. Brezhnev called for controls on the use in war just of those techniques whose effects would be "widespread, long-lasting and severe." By that language, 1 weather-warfare techniques such as rainmaking and fog dispersal, whose effects are considered limited in time, place and effect, were implicitly exempted. The United States used those techniques in Vietnam. Gi|mate warfare should be banned. It is feasible to do so because neither great, power yet has the technology. Diplomatic pre-emption should help reinforce .other deterrents on development of a capacity to conduct that dread futuristic kind of war. Weather warfare, however, is already the stuff of current reality. It, too, we believe, should be banned. The military effectiveness of weather warfare' in Indochina remains in dispute; rainmaking was used over the Ho Chi Minh Trail to slow |he transit of supplies southward, for instance. But even if the technique's military value had been established beyond reasonable doubt, the political liabilities would remain overwhelming. For weather warfare is scary. It tampers with the unknown. It could conceivably get out of control. Its,effects can easily spill over onto civilians. It could induce countries hit by normal bad weather to suspect a hostile hand. It can fur- theftSrode the barrier between conventional and unconventional forms of war/,It can discredit the legitimate peaceful uses of weather modification. A ban on weather warfare could be written to permit, say, fog dispersal over one's own airfields: But the United,States and the Soviet Union do not appear iatye going this route. Rather, by negotiating on controls of environ^ mental ischnlques of "widespread, long-lasting and severe" effect, they are toiewct licensing the use to war # the more limited techniques. TO ll- HMJrtjifcw fctyd Of ittternatlpniil warfare ought to be one of the last things a CSeiMfflsflte government wpulf% •- •' All Around Town With The Staff "WEIL, (3IM.5, AT LEAST THE ONLY WAY WE CAN <50 1$ UP JAMES KILPATRICK Further Reflec tions On The Crime Problem WASHINGTON - The news business is subject to two pressures that probably never will be relieved - the pressure of time, and the pressure of space. These combined pressures have pretty well flattened President Ford's Crime Message of June 19, and more's the pity. Mr. Ford gave us much to talk about. This was a long message, packed with specific recommendations for changes in the federal approach to criminal justice. Because of the pressure of space, newspapers could give full coverage to only half of them. Television could touch even fewer. One is reminded of David Halberstam's speculation on how TV would have covered Moses on Mt. Sinai: "He cast down ten commandments. The two most important are. It is part of the nature,of news that, like bread and milk, news has a short life on the shelf. After 48 hours, the Crime Message was stale stuff. It van; ished like a crate of wilted lettuce, leaving only a leaf or two behind. This is the way the news business is - there is nothing anyone can do about it - but it wastes a lot of food for thought. We might usefully return to what Mr. Ford had to say about punishment for violent crime: "Imprisonment too seldom follows conviction, even for serious offenses. It is my firm belief that persons convicted of violent crime should be sent to prison. Those who ,prey on others, especially by violence, are very few in number. A smpll percentage of the entire population accounts for a very large proportion of the vicious crimes committed. Most serious crimes are committed by repeaters. These relatively few] persistent criminals who cause so much worry and fear are the core 'of the problem. The rest of the American people have a right to protection from "their violence." Opposite Directions Expanding'on this theme, Mr. Ford noted that in the 1960s, while crime rates were soaring, the number of state and federal prisoners actually declined. "A study of one major jurisdiction showed that of all convicted robbers with a major prison record, only 27 per cent were sent to prison after conviction." "There should be no doubt in the minds of those who commit violent crimes - especially crimes involving harm to others - that they wfll be sent to prison if convicted under legal pro- cesses that are fair, prompt and certain." Mr. Ford then proposed that prison sentences be made mandatory under federal law for a limited class of offenders - those who use a dangerous weapon, those who commit such serious crimes as kidnaping or trafficking in hard drugs, and those repeat offenders who commit crimes that cause "or have a potential to cause" personal injury. He called on the states to establish similar mandatory sentencing systems. "I would emphasize," he said, "that the aim of this program of mandatory imprisonment is not vindictive punishment of the criminal, but protection of the innocent victim by separating the violent criminal from the community." Much Appeal Now, this is the sort of proposal -the crime message contained many others - that ought to provoke widespread debate, On the surface, at least, Mr. Ford's arguments have much appeal. In one city, he said; "over 60 rapes, more than 200 burglaries and 1"4 murders, were committed by only 10 persons in less than 12 months." If those 10 criminals could be packed off to prison for long terms, so much the better. They might never be rehabilitated, but meanwhile the streets would be safer. But is the mandatory sentence the best weapon for attacking the problem? I am of two minds. I don't know. Historically, judges and prosecutors have opposed mandatory sentences; judges resent an iritringemerit oh their discretion, and prosecutors fear juries will refuse to convict. Some years ago, in a wave of revulsion against drunk drivers, several states expeririiented with mandatory jail terms for those found guilty of driving under the influence. My impression is that the experiments failed. Defendants demanded jury trials, and the jurors, saying "there but for the grace of God,'.'voted not guilty. If the mandatory sentence, is not the answer, what is the answer? We should be hearing from judges, prosecutors, police chiefs, law professors, legislators and lawyers who specialize in criminal defense. Where are the letters to the editor? Viewed narrowly as "news," the Crime Message is dead. In a larger view, we ought to keep it alive. Washington Star Syndicate Meat Loaf Recipe Last Thursday Ann Landers promised that her. meat loaf recipe would appear in her column the next day. Since The Journal-Standard did. not publish that day, July 4, any readers anxiously awaiting it have had to do without. . ;." r ; ! . So, here is'wnat is probably the most published recipe in culinary history: 2 pounds ground round steak 2 eggs 1% cups bread crumbs , % cup ketchup 1 tsp. Accent ' . % cup warm water 1 pkg. Lipton's onion soup mix Beat thoroughly. Put into loaf pan, cover with 3 strips bacon if you like that flavor. Pour over all one Bounce Hunt's Tomato sauce. Bake one hour at 350 degrees. SeiVes six. Ahead 6f The Poll ' Mayor Mark McLeRoy's devotion to duty is underscored by his frequently being "where the action is" and the also frequent mention of those occasions during City Council meetings. Whether it is being at the landfill, a street project or on a garbage truck, the mayor is on the scene. Last week he was on a garbage truck when summoned to testify in a local court case. Little'did his > public know that the mayor might have-an inkling Of what National Pollster Louis Harris was going to tell the U.S: Conference of Mayors in Boston on Monday. Harris informed 300 big-city mayors that residents of their cities have over seven times more confidence in gar- bagemen than in mayors. The percentages, respectively, were 51 and 7. Declining Numbers r '" • . • • • -' t • •'•.•*•'.. Another of the-longtime sites of a neighborhood grocery in Freeport became history this week when City Council approval was given to convert the building at 404 N. West Ave; to a real estate office. Oldtimers in the area recall that the:: one-story building was built some 45 years ago to house a grocery. The original operator was a Mr, Schwartz to be followed by the well known Freeport grocery store operating name of Krogull. Frank Krugull Sr. and Ed Krogull ran the store jointly before Ed later took it over. In more recent years the grocery was run by Charles Rutter, with the last proprietors being Brian and Linda Piefer. . _— ' .'! ' 'f ••»'•.• More Crocheted Flags The hand-crocheted American flag which was featured on the cover oT The Weekender for the Fourth of July, weekend prompted two of our readers to write and say that they have also crocheted flags. , : : Mrs. Carol Nyborg, 130 Ave. C, said she made the pattern four years ago. She said working out the pattern and making the flag took her about a year. MrSi Robert A. Boyer of Winslow said she did hers in single crochet and uses it as a wall hanging in her living room. How The Bees Kill Readers following the story of killer African bees, said to be moving through ; Latin America toward the : United States at the rate of 200 miles a year,; will be interested in this testimony of a bee expert studying the Brazilian insect and quoted in the Milwaukee Journal. A National Academy of Sciences committee used an inch square piece of soft leather on a string. "It was dangled before hives to see how many stings it-received in 30 seconds. One man holding it started walking away after; five seconds, because he felt the bees were getting too excited, and they followed him for. three-quarters of a mile: In the five seconds that the leather was dangled before the hive,,it picked up 92 stings. Fifty are enough to kill a man. As a matter of fact, 25 bumblebee stings are very dangerous. More people in'the United States are killed by bees every year than by sharks and snakes.',' What's In A Name? Freeport is a town of obvious name- significance. ;";'"":. Even though there are no ports here and very little is free in this day and age. . But personal names relate wonderfully to occupations here, it seems, in a curious way.' Take for instance the local Circuit Court: in many cases, Judge Robert D. Law presides. A man named David School teaches at Empire school. And now Freeport has a brand new oral surgeon with an especially suitable name: Dr. John Wonderlick. Woes Of Economic English (Chicago Tribune) There's one field of economics where the hews always seems to be bad- What economists are currently doing to English. The Wall Street Journal reports that government officials no longer talk about the economy bottoming out; they say it's "trodghing out." This seems to us regrettable, like! most trends in governmehtese. • "Bottoming out" at least gave you a hint about the meaning - reaching a low point and starting upward again. (It also gave us a faintly inelegant image involving the seat-of the pants, but that too had a certain 'appropriateness.) 1.1-'-'-' V. ; ( .... .FK«w . "Troughing out" doesn't have much'to offer. For one thing, "trough" is such a rarely used word, at leasj among city people, that most of us need a moment's thought to remember (a) what it means, and (b) whether it rhymes with bough, cough, dough, enough, or through. (Or "lough " however you pronounce that.) It is currently used only in that cliche about politicians feeding at the public trough, which probably is not the image government officials want to evoke. What "troughing out" does have is that ideal quality of government English: It sounds significant but doesn't mean much. In poker, people who talk like this are known as bloughers. THE BETTER HALF By Barnes 'You go ahead. I want to get tan, not blue!" King Arthur A Swell Guy Everybody said King Arthur was a swell guy. He reminded people of Jerry Ford. So open and aboveboard. Not like that swine Merlin, who had always played his cards so close to his chest. "Doesn't King Artie remind you of old Jerry?" everybody said. Everybody called him King Artie, and sometimes just plain Art. One day King Arthur was sitting around the Round Table whipping the knights at mumblety-peg when Sir Lancelot burst in with the latest dragon statistics. Lancelot was not one of the King's favorites. It was not just because he was always sparking Guinevere in the grape arbor. Lancelot was one of those knights who wasn't happy unless he was doing something. "Have you seen the latest statistics on gross national-dragons?" asked Lancelot. The King looked at the statistics like a swell guy. Dragons were up 14 per cent in the second quarter. If he hadn't been so sweet-tempered, the news would have spoiled his day. "But this is wonderful news, Art," said Sir Gawain, chairman of the King's Council on Dragonic Affairs "The increase in gross national dragons during the same period last year was 17 per cent. This year it's only 14 per cent. We ought to issue a press release announcing that the dragons have bottomed out." Lancelot protested. Bottoming out or not, he said, there were already so many dragons breathing so much fire through the streets of Camelot that half the steeds in the kingdom had permanent scorch marks. King Arthur was patient with Lancelot. Lancelot had a lot of clout. If rubbed the wrong way, he might get into armor and do something, which would be expensive. Lancelot sometimes seemed to believe that shillings grew on trees. Or was it groats that were being used for money in Cnmelot RUSSELL BAKER just then? Not that it mattered. Shillings or groats - it wasn't worth much. If people kept doing things;- which was expensive - it would be worth nothing at all. "How about a little mumblety-peg?" the King suggested to Lancelot. "Artie," said Lancelot. "We've got to do something " King Arthur winced. He was pleased when Sir Tristram argued that since the dragons were already, bottoming out under the King's policy of not doing anything about them, they wouki probably bottom away altogether if the King simply ignored them. "Oh, yeah?" said Lancelot. "What about these?" And he tossed the latest captured-maiden statistics on the Round Table. They showed that captured maidens were up 2 per cent, seasonally adjusted over the previous year. Almost 10 per cent of all the maidens in Camelot were now held captive by dragons, Lancelot observed, It was the worst captive-maiden situation in 35 years. The Round Table had to saddle up its steeds and get cracking,, said Lancelot, or every maiden in Camelot would be chained up in caves and tow-. ers cooking for dragons before the year was out. King Arthur, who didn't think it was the government's business to rescue maidens, pointed out that an ambitious effort would cost a lot of money, money that was desperately needed to support Sir Galahad's search for the Holy'Grail. Nevertheless, being a swell guy, he wanted to do something to hold down maiden captures. Sir Gawain suggested a program of summer jousts. This would attract a lot of maidens to the safety of the joust stadium at a time of year when maidens might otherwise go strolling in .the woods and become prey to dragons foraging for domestic help. The knights could have fun jousting, and the costs would be negligible. King Arthur likes it, but Lancelot was furious. He demanded a broad. scale maiden-rescue program. King Arthur was undecided. He hated to have maidens in captivity, but he also hated the idea of government getting entangled in human-reptilian relationships. • , "Listen, Artie," > said Sir Tristram, "don't do anything foolish. Since the dragons are bottoming out, the rate of maiden capture is bound to decline naturally: In the ^meantime, we can live a year or two with 10 per cent cap, tivity." . • , "What's more," said Sir Gawain, "a lot of these maidens have been captured for so long, they wouldn't know what to do if they were freed." "Let's face it, Artie," said Sir Gawain, "a lot;of these maidens are loafers and Idlers who like being captives." ; •" "And don't' forget," said Sir Tristram, ''while it's true that the captive- maiden 'statistics are rising, thanks, to the population increase, there are more uncaptured maidens in Camelot today than ever before." ; Lancelot was disgusted, He mounted his steed to go on a rescue. Sadly, King Arthur lifted Excalibur and cut his saddle off for the good of Camelot. Everybody liked that, all rigiit, because King Arthur was a swell guy. New York Times Service

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