Dixon Evening Telegraph from Dixon, Illinois on May 24, 1955 · Page 3
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Dixon Evening Telegraph from Dixon, Illinois · Page 3

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Dixon, Illinois
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Tuesday, May 24, 1955
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Page 3
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Illinois Insect Control This is the sixth weekly bulletin on the general insect situation in Illinois (fruit insects excepted), prepared by entomolo-where it varies from 25 to 40 per tory Survey, University of Illinois College of Agriculture, and cooperating agencies. These bulletins report current trends in the insect situation and may require local modification, since weather conditions materially affect insect populations. Com borer: The warm weather of this past week has hastened corn borer pupation. Development is stiii approximately two weeks earlier than normal. In the south third of the state, pupation is most complete and moth emerg ence has begun; in the central third, pupation varies from 50 to 75 per cent and an occasional moth has emerged; in the northern third, pupation is from 40 to 60 per cent complete except extreme northeastern s e •where it varies fro m25 to 40 per cent. In much of Illinois moth emei gence may occur the first tw weeks in June, at which time cor will not be favorable for borer survival. However, some exceptionally early planted and rapidly growing corn fields will be attrac tive to moths for egg-laying, and borers may survive successfully in these fields. We can expect many-eggs to be lain on small grains, flowers, potatoes, weeds and many other host plants. Chinch bugs: Adult, chinch bugs are killing oat plants and occasionally wheat plants in some fields in eastern Illinois and are depositing eggs that should begin to hatch this week. Keep close watch on fileds of thin grain; if plant3 are being killed, appiy Vi pound of dieldrin per acre. Armywornis: Moderate numbers «f moths are still noticeable around lights at night in central Illinois, and occasional small army worms can be found in rank grains and grasses throughout the central section. Observe fields every few days; if worms become numerous, apply M pound of dieldrin or l^j to 2 pounds of toxaphene per acre before damage becomes severe. Wheat fields normally can withstand some armyworm feeding, but if the count is four or more per linear foot, treatment will be profitable. It would be advantageous to wait until worms are about *2 inch long before treating, but they should be controlled before they are half-grown. Whether or not parasites and diseases will help to control this generation of armyworms cannot yet be determined. Insecticides should not be applied unless necessary; but where armyworms are sufficiently abundant, do not delay treatment too long because neither of the iec-ommended insecticides should be applied fithin 15 days of harvest. Tarnished plant bugs: The nymphs of this pest are becoming very abundant on clovers and alfalfa. Although control measures may not be necessary at present, second growth alfalfa and clover may be damaged. Sweet clover weevil: New seed-ings of sweet clover are showing damage by this pest. Mocn-shaped notches are eaten in the leaf margins. If 50 per cent of the foliage has been destroyed, treat with toxaphene at l\'n pounds per acre. If chinch bugs are abundant in the grain, use \'z pound of dieldrin per acre. Lesser clover leaf weevil: Damage by this pest shows as wilting stems in fields of red clover and ladino. The larvae gouge holes in the steam beneath the leaf sheath. This damage is very common in The Rural J*fM With JIM SOMERS ■V*^ V % Lee Cooflty Farm A4Mm» PP*\,' v VH Bv the time you read this most of the corn will be planted. Did you get nitrogen applied on second and third year corn? We can ordinarily expect a re sponse from nitrogen on second year or where legumes failed. This Farmers Warned To Guard Against Blackleg Disease URBANA — If you live in an area where there have been cases of blackleg in cattle, you should have your calves vaccinated as insurance against the disease. Dr. R. D. Hatch of the College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Illinois points out that blackleg is cauesed by a spore- forming germ that can live for vears in the soil. It can be picked up through grazing or can enter the body through small cuts or punctures in the skin. The disease usually attacks young animals from six months to two years age. Symptoms include dullness a lameness, followed by a high fever and loss of weight. The victims usually die within 24 hours. Death may occur so quicklv that symptoms will be observed. There have been cases where lightning was blamed for deaths caused by blackleg. Dr. Hatch urges farmers to have a veterinarian examine any animals that die suddenly to determine the cause of death. If it is blackleg, it's important to burn the dead animals or to bury them deeply under lime and earth to prevent the infection from spreading. Vaccination is effective against blackleg. All calves in a blackleg area should be vaccinated when they are three or four months old. many fields, but no control measures are knowT.. Cutworms: Early fields of corn mav be attacked by cutworms. Ex amine these fields for signs of damage, and if necessary apply 2 pounds of toxaphene or J2 pound of dieldrin per acre as a band treat- men over the row. Use at least 20 gallons of finished spray per acre. General: Now is the time to examine evergreens, such as spruce. arbor vitae, and juniper, for mites by beating a tew branches ov< piece of white paper. If the pli are infested, sprav thoroughly with Aramite 15-W. 2 pounds of 100 gallons of water or one heaping tablespoonful per gallon of water. Examine roses for slugs. If fol iage is eaten, dust with 5 per cent DDT or spray with 50 per cent wettable DDT powder, one heaping tablespoon per gallon of water. Caution: Before apply insecti cides, read the labels and follow/ all precautions carefully. This not only will insure personal saiety. but will also eliminate insecticide residue hazards. COOK With SKELGAS PROMPT SERVICE Wayne Wolfe, d.b.a. Barriage Appliance Store Phone 2-8711 The Finest is always in fashion Ne wspaperA R CHIVE can be applied either as fertilizer or manure. It's not too late to sidedress with 40 to 60 pounds of nitrogen. If. you applied commercial nitrogen through the corn planter part of the need may be already satisfied. The need for nitrogen fertilizers is related to the stand of corn. Thick stands are likely to need extra nitrogen. s.id» ffwMing with ••olid nitrogen carriers is usually done with an attachment on the cultivator. A corn planter with fertilizer attachment can be used by straddling the rows.' Side dressing should be at a depth of about four inches, or deep enough to reach moisture. Avoid excessive root damage by making application 10 inches or more from the row. Cyanimid Is not recommended for side-dressing. Anhydrous ammonia and nitrogen solutions are also used extensively for side dressing. To avoid serious losses of nitrogen, anhydrous ammonia and solutions containing free ammonia should be injected into the soil with equipment made for that purpose. It should be done when the soil is in good tilth and is not excessively-dry or wet. Solutions without free ammonia may be sprayed on the surface before plowing or dribbled by gravity feed from tubes ■ in bands either before plowing or immediately behind the shovels of the Of 4.090 cattle blood tested for brucellosis in bee County during .1954, 2.2 per cent were reactors and 6.3 per cent were suspects. Champaign and Fayette counties only had .5 per cent reactors. The highest county had 7.3 per cent infection. Dates -to remember: June 1 — Illinois Farm Machinery Field Day, U. of I. June 2 — Farm & Home Development meeting, Farm Bureau building. June 2— Black & White Show, George Morris farm, Dixon. June 22— Dixon Soil Experiment field tour: Feed Dollars Are in Leaves URBANA —A poor job of - hay making may leave -the feeding value of 25 bushels of com in the field for every acre of- alfalfa hay you put up. - " Leo R. Fryman, extension dairy man at the University of Illinois College of Agriculture, pays mat . the result of leaving half of thi leaves behind when you put up hay. Most of the feeding value of hay is in the leaves. Fryman says. Save the leaves and bring your hay fields to the highest capacity of production. PAINT and SAVE ACE HOUSE PAINT FINEST QUALITY $/|79 per gal in 5 s MASSEYS Ace Hardware 88 Galena Ph. 2-0511 Open Saturday Till 9 p. m. Steers Gain Well From Feed Pellets DIXON SPRINGS — Steers on pelleted feed put on the best gains a test recently completed here. George Cmarik, researcher at the Dixon Springs Experiment Sta tion of the University of Illinois, reports that steers getting a complete ration self-fed in pellets gamed 22 pounds per head more. 22 i pounds less feed than sim ilar steers fed the same ration as meal. In this study four lots of yearling steers from the Station's grade Hereford herd were on test for 130 days. All lots were fed corn silage in practically equal amounts. two oi the lots were self-fed a ition of s.5 p»r rent ear com. 10 per cent soybean meal, 5 per cent molasses and 20 per cent alfalfa hay. The corn and hay were finely ground and mixed with the other materials. The ration was fed as pellets to one lot and as meal to another. A third lot was hand fed the same ration, but the alfalfa was fed along with the molasses put directly on the hay. These steers gained 41 pounds less on 52 pounds more ieeas than the pellet-fed steers. Lot 2 gained 19 pounds more than Lot 3 but needed 164 pounds more feed to do it The fourth lot was self-fed a ration in meal form in which mo-iasses replaced 5 per cent of the corn. These steers made the poorest use of their feed. They gauid 34 pounds less on 304 pounds more feed than Lot 1, 12 pounds less on ( i pounds more feed than Lot. 2, and 7 pounds more on 252 pounds The steers were sold as lots brought the practical top for the clay they were sold and graded largely in the choice range. Cmarik says. Profit per head was highest for Lot 1. and Lots 2, 3 and 4 fol lowed in that order. In this test SG, S7 and 51 pounds of pellets produced the same as 100 pounds of rations 2. 3 and 4 respectively. Cost of pelleting is not included as a cost in this test but will have some effect on your profit from that system of feeding. However, you could spend as much as 55.60. $5.40 and S7.S0 a tor spectively on pelleting and still get the same profits as Lots 2, 3 and 4 brought in this experiment. Prof. Ray Kumar Coubey, 59, of Banaras University, India, says he. has 15 separate M.A. degrees and plfuis to acquire at least one more. FOR SALE ! Pasture Stretcher It's a fact! You can make your pasture go 259c further this summer with "4x4" Beef and Dairy Supplements. Or you can ' pasture up to U more cattle on same pasture. WHY? Lush, green grass is 1/3 fiber. "4x4" helps rumen bacteria break down fiber — change it to usable food. Get more beef — more milk with "4x4". . Ask me! BOB PERRY PHONE 2-7251 DIXON, ILL / *k4\ Is i*> /[ ^f . I : fj ...and in beer, I // ^-^^ means Pabst Blue Ribbon fl »l ri-yyr( J J^j^'^^St ^ ■' ^ the fashion in real beer en joyment. JH ^AjSf^kf^^JS^Ti^ "t -^b-^' ^SSjiA perfect combination of satisfying ■■dwxSy*" ^ ' ' " j^T Uk flavor and gentle delicacy. 1 *^& f^ms^ . . f! m^^k}\m%L QualitythatRefreshes ^^W^ f ip^Y^ ..Mitnout ruling: copr. um. mast brewing company. Milwaukee, WISC. TRADEMARKS K&. 0. 1, MI, OFF, Tuesday, Hay 24, 1955 Water Shortage Is Caused by Greater Use URBANA— Water shortages that have shown up over the state during the past few years are caused by a combination of things. H. E. Hudson, Jr., of the Illinois State Water Survey, says the main ause is the increased use of •ater, both on farms and in the cities. The problem is complicated. •s, by the fact that wells and ponds "wear out" and we have also' had three years of drouth. Writing in the current issue of Illinois Farm Economcis, published by the University of Illinois, Hud- i the ! of \ •easing because more people are using water and each person is using more water. Towns are finding their water supplies inadequate because they connecting more homes to their supply. Certain areas, he writes :-e finding that expanding mdtis-■y is using a lot of their water. Farm uses of water are increas-ig as people add water systems. Bathrooms, garbage disposal units and water piped to livestock have increased water use on most farms. In some areas irrigation is using more water. The simple fact is that people use more water wnen it's pumped by power than when they have to pump it by hand. Facilities that were adequate 10 years ago simply can"t carry the load. e average life of .a municipal • Field Fence—All Heights • 48" and 60" Poultry Netting • 48" Non-climb Fence • No. 50 2-point Barbed Wire • 6'-6" Steel Posts • A Large Selection of Cedar and Creesoted Pint Posts Fast Courteous Service — Financing Available — WILBUR LUMBER CO, 395 Commercial Alley DLxon, HI. PHONE 3-1061 On the road. Page 3 It's inconsistent, but the rising Generation is mode up oi o lot of sitters. e***® well is about 17 years, and ponds and town reservoirs fill up with silt. This has made the drouth more, troublesome, Hudson explains. Dry weather has caused shallow wells and reservoirs to go dry be cause it has reduced runoff and allowed the soil moisture ground-water levels to bee very low. ^ouect lniormation iujout Federal Crop Insurance * By NORM KKAISZ University of Illinois Federal crop insurance is still . the experimental stage. Actu arial data are being collected from 11 parts of the country to set up a ate structure to insure or to rein sure producers of agricultural pro- ;. To date indemnities on most commodities, particularly wheat Dn tobacco, have far exceeded the premiums paid. In 1953, 108 counties participated ; crop insurance on corn, and 405 nmties on wheat. The 1954 figures ave not been published, but the law permitted the Secretary of Agriculture to offer insurance in 100 additional counties. ?.re to be added, the secretary must take into consideration the uids of farmers for crop in-ice. the extent, to which corn-rial insurance is available, and the risk involved in that county. Federal crop insurance cannot be provided in a county unless at least 200 farmers for one-unra ot the farmers growing the insured crop) are signed up — and unless the insured crop brings in sn important part of the agricultural income in that county. Very broad coverage can be oi fered. The law says that the polic may insure against loss from drought, flood, hail, wind, frost i winterkill, lightning:, fire, exces 1 Fcr sturdy wear when there1! tough footwork to — " be done, get these Thorogood Genuine Hone- HI hide super wcrkshoes. You'll be amazed at their Ijj t smooth comfort — and the extra wear in each pair. / |t*| SHOES OPEN SATURDAY NIGHT UNTIL 9:00 P. M. Boiuyim®ns 121 FIRST ST. — The 'Jeep' Truck carries a payload up to 2o00 pound?.— 63 7o of its own curb weight— and its selective 4-wheel drive is extra insurance that its payload will get through under all conditions of terrain or weather. With power take-off it supplies.mo'hile power for a wide variety of equipment. Now.availaole with power brakes. East River Road or off the road! rain, snow, wildlife, hurri cane, tornado, insects and plant disease. Crops that may be insured include wheat, cotton, flax, com and tobacco. Private insurance companies have been writing crop hail insurance for a long time. Loss data i adequate to allow companies offer a separate rate for each township in the state. More recer.t-!v crop fire insurance has been added ■ to the hail policy at very little increase in cost. These com panies are now considering a large rop insurance package to includ» overage of such things as drought, :indstorms and insect damage. The missing link in our price-sup- crop to support. Possibly this link be added by crop insurance whereby the farmer either gets crop or its equivalent in cash. Farmers who are willing to pay someone else for assuming part of their risk can discuss crop insurance with local insurance agents or stop in to see the county ASC committee, which administers the federal crop insurance program. U. S. railroads carried 52 per cent of intercity freight in . 1953 compared to 75 per cent in 1926. Use This Bag To Take Home ^^^^^^ •KlIlATfD^ 'I Available at Most Hey Bros. Dealers The 'Jeep' Truck is a rugged", all-purpose vehicle with extra stamina that assures superior performance. Tfs the ideal truck for highway u?e in conventional 2-wheeI drive. Shifting easily into 4-wheel drive, and a special low gear rang* when needed, the 'Jeep' Truck goes through mud, sand, snow and soft earth where ordinary vehicles can't go. The 4-wheel drive 'Jeep' Truck does your jobs better... faster! 4-WHEEL DRIVE* WILLYS . . . mrM's lirpst irtm if m « Get a demonstration f odav . . . FRANK PERRY Dixon, Illinois PKofM 2-9501 M- .., UUPU l\C

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