Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on March 18, 1897 · Page 4
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 4

Sterling, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, March 18, 1897
Page 4
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STERLING, ILL., MARCH 1 , ls'J7. HOJSWS IMLLtR. SdStor.*, B..R.ETCHCR, M «««»• ' ' *t<«t» matter. r«rm« /!.«>« year «n<KJcanc6 Convention. Tfte ttepnbllean Oontity Centra? Committee ot the Counties 6f Carroll, Jo Davleai, l^e, Steptienson, Whiteslde anil WlnnebftRO, are to setiS delecales to the Judicial Convention for 11- e mh Judicial Curcnit of Illinois, to be how :ii RoeWord on Thursday, April 29,1897. at loo clocs p. m., tn plaee in nomination three candidates for the ofece of Ju«1g»s of the Circuit Courti for toe mh Judicial Circuit ot the State of Illinois. The basis of representation will be one delegate for every 300 Republican votes cast at the fiwt Presidential election and one for every fraction over 150, on which baslt the several counties will be entitled to the following number ot dole- JoDavies""""-ir..'.".;iII""...- 3',59t Ofile Btephenson Whiteslrte Wlnnel>ag ° K. J. SBNSOK, Secretary. Extra Session Convenes. At the call of President McKinley Congress assembled Monday noon-. Reed was elected Speaker arid the President'* message waa read. ' It la a fact that no oue disputes that for several years our government has had to borrow money to pay the run-, ning expenses. This has not been done since President Buchanan's time. This . special session la to consider a new tariff bill—something that will produce enough revenue to run the government and pay the interest on the.debt. Itjla- briefer _than raost messages, compact,, business-like arid Indicates that the captain In- command, knows , the industrial points of the. compass. It, of course, confines itself to the one great theme of getting the government out of the slough of despond into which the, last four years,;has dragged it. Ordinarily the lirst: message of a President of the United States is the •opportunity to shoot off a few skyrockets and lead Jup to the duties of the hour in a paragraph or two of grandiloquent outburst. Not BO with President McKinley; be walks right into the conditions of affairs with plain -words of no uncertain sound. There !are no "its" and "ands." No .one can -aay that this, the flr«>t message of Pres. ident McKinley i3*not a Btralglitfor- ward and expressive pres-sutation of the situation. The President shows that the late ' tariff was a-fallure. The public debt has increased since the liep'ublicans isd command of the Ship of State, 262 million dollars.with an annual increase •of interest of eleven and a half mil- liona. He recpmmendB that all this be corrected by levying more "duties on foreign imports. The President says: Congress should promptly correct the existing condition. Ample revenues must ba supplied, not only for the 1 ordinary expenses of the Government, - but for the prompt payment of liberal \ pensions and the liquidation of the ^--principal and interest of the public debt. In raising revenue, duties'^hould be eo levied upon foreign products as to preserve the home market so far as possible to our own producers; to re—viva andincreasermarfnfactories; to relieve and encourage agriculture; to increase our domestic and foreign commerce; to aid and develop mining and building, and to render to .labor in every field of useful occupation the liberal wages and adequate rewards to which skill and Industry are justly en» titled. ..','.'•' • The following paragraphs are some of the many strong points of the message: , Regretting the necessity which has required me to call you together, I feel that your assembling in extraordinary cession is indispensable because of the ' condition in which we find the reve- ' nues of the government. It is conceded that its current expenditures are greater than its receipts, and that such a condition has existed for now more than three years* ' , ' •• " : •''.*#*' , • i - With unlimited means at our command, we are presenting the remark-; able spectacle of increasing our public debt by borrowing moqey to meet the ordinary outlays incident upon even an 'economical and prudent administration of the Government. An examination pf the subject discloses this fact in every detail and leads inevitably to the conclusion that the'condition of the revenue which allows it is unjustifiable and should be corrected. -.... ' •••:•:. *** • . ' ' The total receipt* for the three fiscal years ending June 80,1896, were insuf-, Jieient by 8138,811,129.48 to meet the total expenditures. - . ••• • ; : -'.« V It may be urged that even if the revenues ot the government bad been sufficient to meet all its ordinary expen- ' eea during the last three years,the gold reserve would etill have been insuiu- eient to meet the demands upon it and tb&t bonds would necessarily have i been issued for its repletion. Be this as It may, it is clearly manifest, without deuyiagr or affirming the correctness bt such a conclusion, that the debt would have been decreased in at least the amount of the deficiency ana immeasurably ttaeugnout the country. V o* tl»-pawago of a wbiefc shall-provide «uttj>t» w* to'turtbar wg»4, - & •M faithfully administer the govern- r.irnt without the contracting of f ur- i ;t»-r debt or the continued disturbance i.f our finances. . V Not only are we without a surplus in ' the treasury, but with an increase in i the public debt there has been a cor- 1 -esponding increase in the annual In- f erest charge from $22,893,833.20 in 1892, the lowest of any year since 1862, to »34,887,297.60 in 1896, or an increase of 811,493,414.40. ** • In raising revenue, duties should be ao levied upon foreigc products as to preserve the home market so far aa possible to our own producers; to revive and increase manufactories; to relieve and encourage agriculture; to increase our domestic and foreign commerce; to aid and develop mining and building, and to render to labor in evpry field of useful occupation the liberal wages and adequate rewards to which skill and industry are justly entitled. *** Ample revenues must be supplied, not ouly for ordinary expenses of the government, but for the prompt payment of liberal pensions and the liquidation of the principal and interest of the public debt. ' Judicial Apportlojiment-^Wliite- side's Candidate. A few days ago the editor of the STANDARD had a talk with the Chairman of the Judicial Apportionment Committee and he expressed himself as being confident that the new judicial apportionment would become a law. In this apportionment Whiteslde was put in the Thirteenth District with Rock Island, Henry, and Mercer. A slight revision of the bill has taken place and Whiteslde is put with the same counties and these comprise the Fourteenth Judicial District, Instead •of the Thirteenth 1 .-' .-.- J - — This will put us in a new district and Whiteside will, no doubt, have a .candidate for Judge. For many reasons this county might like to remain with the counties float she has been associated with for years, yet the counties of the new judicial district are all 'good counties, all in our congressional district and it looks as though the new district will prove eminently satisfactory. As to a candidate for Judge from this county the Sentinel after mentioning the change in the make up of the district, says: '<• In the 6vent of a change in the district the friends of Hon. F. D. Ramsay will insist upon his becoming a candidate for circuit judge from this county. . The STANDARD believes that the people of this county would Support Mr Ramsay for the place should he decide to become a candidate. He is one o£ our ablest lawyers, a staunch Republi- con and in the prime of manhood, and as a Judge on the bench he would have many years of usefulness before him. The Sunday N The Rev. Dr. J. H. Rylance.'.of St. Mark's Episcopal church, New York, preached a sermon on the Sunday newspaper, from which we clip the following: The newspaper does more than any other power IB fitting the masses of the people for the safe exercise of the prerogatives of citizenship. The printed word goes where speech cannot go, silently levening a community with its spirit. Our journals are no longer mere news eheeta, for there is a vast amount of hard, Intellectual work done upon them in digging out all that is valuable from books which busy men would shudder to think of reading.but of which it were well they should know something. • Objection is heard from many good Christian people to the Sunday newspaper, which they would fain see abolished. But though greatly needing to be reformed in the service of religion and good morals, the Sunday morning paper cannot be suppressed.there being no predominant public conviction or sentiment calling for its suppression; nor is there likely to be, even in the religious world, as a whole. The objection to the Sunday newspaper rests upon the assumption that the issuing of newspapers on the Christian holy day is a desecration of the Sabbath, people being thus tempted to sit at home reading their papers instead of going to church. - , The argument is vitiated,, however, by the-implication that the old Jewish Sabbath is binding In all its .rigor upon Christians: whereas Christianity has no Sabbath. It has the Lord's day, a day for rest and refreshment and worship, for the proper observance of. which day we have no rigidly defined from the Lord Jefus Christ, the church. . It would be a'very difficult matter to prove that the issuing of a newspaper on the Lord's day constitutes a serious sin against the spirit and design of-the day. Then, too, the work on a Sunday newspaper is done on Saturday and in the early hoursof-Sunday.morn^ ing; but the Monday morning paper is almost wholly the result of work done on Sunday; consistency, therefore, should direct the cruaide of our Sabba- tarian friends against the preparation of the paper that comes forth with tbe dawn of Monday. It does not fallow that if men and women were not read- infj- newspapers they would be In church; very likely they would be doing something worse. Preachers err in supposing that if this, that, or the other temptation were taken out, of the wftv all the world would be good. The'man who habitually 'prefers newspaper reading on a Sunday morning to the worship of God would not be likely to get very much pood from church-going could we pen him in a church pew every Sunday in the year. Parker on Capt. Parker^ of tbfe Rock Falls News, was in the Nation's Capital last week, and this is the way he^. writes of our Congressman Prince: Congressman Prince ham taken a wise course in Washington, He has taken a comfortable, but inexpensive, home, on Columbia Hoad t where afc the cioee of his day's work,In the House,hegoss home and enjoys' the same kind of home lite—in a measure^-which he had at Galeaburg, in company with a charming wife and family 6f rollcklng, growing boya. There is no danger of such a man getting Tory far frway from his constituents with euch surroundings. Mr. Prince la a'very busy man and will enter upon his second term In the house next Monday aa a recognized leader In the Illinois delegation, which is tilled with able men who size up with any State delegation there. St. PATRICK'S day in" will cnt little figtire in year. the morning this No, neither our Legislature aor Congress adjourned to, attend the prize fight. .______-_., ^ . *••-, :•-'..,..;:.....-—r: • ' # ' • THE IllinoiaCongresslcnal delegation now stands: Republicans, 17; Democrats, 4; Populists, 1. ALBERT W. LANDON, for twenty- four years editor of the Hrimane .Tour- bal of Chicago, is d«ad, scholar and writer, is dead. H<» born and lived In Scotland, md the author of "Natural La* in Spiritual World," "The Ascent MHO," "The Greatest Thing World," etc. ' in of tfe» rules nor from TUB New York World hag the following to say of Richard Olney, late Democratic Secretary of State. We must not forget that the World is Dem 1 ocratic. ';.-.•• Here lie the political remains of Richard Olney. As Attorney General of the United States he betrayed the people, violated his oath of office and aided the enemies of his country to change It from a democracy to a plutocracy. As Secretary of State he added a barbarous power to destroy with fire, murder and rapins a neighboring people struggling for liberty. He showed that-he bad no patriotism by letting that power insult and outrage American citizenship with impunity. Ho showed that he had no sense of responsibility to civilization by seeking to cover his sins as a faithless Attorney General by provoking a devastating war that would have filled the world with woe. , History will deepen the lines of the epitaph .whenever short-memoried time shall try to make them dim. . . RECIPROCITY baa a prominent place in the new reYennJB law. It alone will add millions to our income. ToM REEO is doing business at old stand and the articles he deals are all wool and a yard wide. the out ' AT present Senator W, £. Mason's mall brings him one thousand letters a day. Who wouldn't be a Senator? • CLARK 13. CARR.O! to represent the United States in Sweden and editor A. J. Llebernicht, of the Geneseo, Henry county, Republic, wants a consulate In Germany. Altlw* both are good men, both cannot receive good positions. DURING the past year onr Increase in circulation has been, in round numbers, $147,000,000 and of this 865,000,000 was gold. No State has two Senators at Washington with more Influence than 111!-" nois. Senator Gullom is one of tbe strongest men in the Senate and Senator Mason, although anew man In the Senate, he is not a new man either IB Washington or in his knowledge of State affairs. Our State should congratulate Itself on being so ably represented in the United States Senate. Sound Currency "Work. The Sound Currency Committee of New York City exercised a beneficial influence, during the last campaign, for good money. The committee has decided to continue its work and the Baltimore Sun of Feb. 25, 1897, says of this work done: The decision of the silver men to continue their fight for the fifty-cent dollar, despite the emph_ai!c_verdjctjpf. the people in November, is appropriately followed by the organization in New York of a sound-money league, which is to be national in its character and in the scope of its work. From' this time on till the next presidential election the dissemination, o'f money facts and correct views as to money, is to be continued. The most efficient agency of the last campaign was the Sound Currency Committee of tbe New York Reform Club, and its publications, each given to some one phase of the currency question, were invaluable to speakers and writers. A sound basis for currency reform was thus laid in the minds of thousands who were groping after the truth. These publications, it is stated, are to continue. An effort is to be made to widen the field of operation by a class of writings of a more popular character. In the South and West, particularly, honest thinkers are to be supplied with material for progressive thought toward sound conclusions on the money question. Much was done in six months of 1895 to uproot the erroneous ideas planted in five years of Popullst'agltation. Errors had flourished simply because they had not been confronted with fact. Now monetary truth is to be aa systematically inculcated as fallacy was, and the result cannot but ba most wholesome. Plansi "of the Administration. The 'plans of the administration, as' outlined by President McKlnley's inaugural address, are received, with the most cordial approval by members of all parties. I say all parties, but I must withdraw that statement so far as relates to the silver Republicans. These men, who were once members, of the party' which Prepldent MeKinley now represents, are the only men In the entire Nation who seems to find no good word for the sound American sentiments of his inaugural address. Democrats, even Populists, speak -in the warmest terms of him and the American principles enunciated by him, but from the men who recently deserted- their party, ^coine no good words for any sentiment arising from its representative. _ : WE _AUE_ asked If .prosperity was not to come when McKinley was elect, ed. We answer, yes, In-due time it will come. To illustrate: The South was completely devastated by the late war. It is now over thirty years'since the close of the war and in many places it has not recovered from the destructive effects of that war. It took but four years to produce all this debt, devastation, suffering and death—the length of the period that Mr. Cleveland and hisjfollowers have had control of the government. We further believe that the past four years has cost the country about as much in dollars and cents as the war did. If we do not recover from the evil effects of the war in thirty years, we must not expect to recover from nearly so momentous an industrial; calamity •' immediately^ It takes time. OUR Cbngres8maii,George W. Prince, was fortunate in the matter of seat- drawing, he being among the fifty who were called first. THE Attorney General holds that a Congressional appointment -made at this session of our State-Legislature will be perfectly valhl. * - FROM reports sent In the board of agriculture of this State estimates that the wheat crop will bejlees than a half of orop,_ThIs will homo consumption. • IT is given out that Henry play Evans, of Tennessee, will be the next Pension Commissioner. In November 1892 aa soon as' it was ascertained that Harrison had been defeated, the STANDARD hoisted the name of Wililiam McKiniey and Henry Clay Evans for President and Vice President. Mr. Evans is an old soldier and he is In sympathy with,his old union veterans^ of the late war. X THE first steps toward better times have been token—the election and the inauguration of McKinley. The steps that follow may be slow in coming but they will come. MAY 15 is the date set for tbe adjournment of the present State Legislature. That is a reasonable date and much good can be accomplished between now and then. PERRY S. HEATH, has been appoint-, ed First Assistant Postmaster General Mr. Heath was chief of the Bureau o£ Literature of the Republican National Committee during .the last campaign. , He is a thorough newspaper man, having" been correspondent at the Capital, and at one time manager and editor ot^ the Cincinnati Comercial Gazette. The, appointment shows that the work in the campaign was appreciated. ."The Newspaper Maker" says of the soldters's paper, the National "Tribune: The National TrlbunejOf Washington, D. C., which was the .property of the late Captian Lemon, has been purchased by Byron Andrews, John Me: Elroy and R. W. Shoppell. The sale leaves the paper in practically the same hands, as Mr. Andrews has been connected with the Tribune for about thirteen years in the business department and Mr, McElroy about the same time as editor. .Mr. Shoppell was the founder, and for many years, publisher of - ( ShoppeH'B modern Homes, of New York, The National Tribune is one of the best weekly papers in'the country, and has always had a large circulation. It has made a large fortune for its pro' ' THE Chicago Democrats go before the denizens of that city In the mayor- ality race on a patch-work platform, full of Altgeldism and this covers a 'multitude of cra'nkeries. ! MR. RowE, Senator Mason's private secretary, takes hold of the Important and responsible duties of his position, like a veteran. He is showing himself a capable, courteous gentleman. REPRESENTATIVES of the Lutheran and Catholic churches are before the Senate and House committees on education, favoring the Bogardus compulsory -education' bill, which provides that children between the ages of seven and fourteen must attend some school, either public or private, for at least six weeks every year. • This is good as far as it goes, but the time specified to attend school should be three months instead of six weeks. FOSTER ON THE WEATHER. .IN the last twenty-five yearajhe average life of woman has been lengthened eight per cent, and the average life of man has been increased five per cent. The new woman is a stayer. Bates are .Lower. In regard to railroad rates the Free? port Journal has the following: On thirteen of the leading, railways in this country the average '.cost of transporting one ton of freight one mile was in 1865, 3.08 cents; in 1870 it was 1.81 cents; in 1875 it was 1.86 cents, one cent and three mills and six tenths,of a mill; in 1880 it was 101 cents; in 1885 it was 0.83 cents; in 1890 it was 0.77 cents; in 1893 it waa 0.76 cents; In 1894 it was 0.74 cents, in 189p it was 0,72 cents—that is seven mills and two-tenths of a mill to transport dne ton of frejght one mile. Freight rates by railway are cheaper in, this couVtry than in any other country. Laws against railway cprporations have gone about far enough. To go farther will be to bankrupt the railroads, and Injure the business of the entire country. THE framework of a new Congressional apportionment bill is now- being prepared by our Legislators In Springfield. 'When it is ready the rules 'will probably be amended so as-to make the report of the apportionment com- mitee a privileged matter. -This will get the bill through the House, and the Republicans of the Senate can handle it under the suspension pf ttye rules, Unless our lawmakers push things a little more they will not get very much done in the way of judicial and congressional 'apportionments ' through this session. THE Governor has appointed as trustees of the Illinois Eastern Hospital at Kankakee, Messrs. Len Small, of Kankaftee, J. J* Magee, of Chicago, and G. T. Buckingham of Danville. - R.-W. JEWELL,-edltor-of- the.JDan-- .vllleNews,has been appointed postmaster at that place. Editor Jewell has-been an active Republican for years and, besides belnga gopd editor, he Is a first'Class man. Illinois Congress, After speaking of the make-up of Illinois representatives in the present Congress, the Inter-Ocean says: In the Senate tbe gain is very marked. That antique Democrat, Gen. Palmer, has given place to William E. Mason. Although Mr. Mason, has served his. apprenticeship in Springfield and at Washington, and has already become widely known, his entry upon tbe Senate is likely to -be recognized, later, as tbe beginning'of his career, He is still In the rlush of early manhood, and in the ordinary course of things, has many years of eminent usefulness. Already he has made "a good beginning by putting himself in harmony with bis colleague, Senator Culiom. There IB no good reason why they should not be on the beat of terms, the same, for example, w Sumner and Wilson in Massachusetts were.The relation la notons of friction »ud antagonism, except * as the coU.eagutss them " « wafc© it so, and tbsre is no rea- to teflulge jippreheiision on that score. wbftl&j t&# ftppubucfttw W JU* " proud of tlwrff International Bimetallism, The return .pf Senator Wolcott, coupled with President McKlnley's ringing utterances in favor of an international bimetallic conference, gives' great encouragement to the friends of tnat sentiment. Senator Wolcott reports unusual interest in this subject on the continent and even in England, and is hopeful of results, President McKinley's cjear, terse utterances on this subject leave no doubt as to bis intentions, and there ia season to believe that within a few weeks definite steps will be taken to bring about a conference of the leading nations ">nd qausethis conference to be held during the year 1897, * < Newspaper Men JBxeiuj>t. Representative Ely, of the Illinois Legislature has introduced a bill which provides in substance that no person engaged in, connected with, or employed on a newspaper or journal • shall be compelled to diaclose.'in any legal proceeding or trial or before any committee of the Legislature or elsewhere, the source of any news or inforihation procured or obtained by blui for and published In the newspaper ou which he ia eugsgtd, whether fiue^ party to such eivii afiUon, gait or proceeding or not. Under tti« practice of the Illinois Lsgisktiwain yt-ars gone by a inswaps- MT aoWBjionditsit Is required to give up brfore eowuafit**® of i!j¥**tig»tio» IN June our/State Normal University at Normal will have been In existence forty years and extensive prepar- etionsare now in hand to celebrate this fortieth anniversary in a becoming manner. College presidents and noted educators are expected to be present, aod'an effort will be .made to. have all the ex-Governors of our State, also all the ex-members of the Board of Edu cation, who have assisted in developing the school and the ex-presidents of the institution present. Of course the alumni will take pride in such a gathering. THE Oklahoma legislature has just adjourned, It passed some conservative bills and wound up by enacting a law prohibiting a man from marrying his mother-in-law. .Usually there is no earthly neeB of such a law. WITH Congress In extra* session In the Easti the floods destroying life and property in the South, two big bruisers pommeling each othe'r in the West,and St, Patrick with his shillaly everywhere, there should be no lack of interest over the Nation today. Says We Will Hove DUngreeable er ia tbe Near Future, . . St. Joseph, Mo., March 13—Prof. ; Foster's last bulletin gave forecasts of J the storm wave to cross the continent' w from 19th to 23d, and the next will " reach the Pacific coast about 23d, cross the west of Rockies^ country by close of 24tb, great central valleys 25th to, eastern states, 28th. „ Warm wave will cross westof Rock- ies country about 23d, great central valleys 25th, eastern states 27th. Cool , wave will cross west of Rockies coun-- try about 26tb, great' central valleys 28th; eastern states 30th. The week ending 28th will be- a Btormy,.ohangeable,uncertaln,dlaagree: able weather period, full of weather extremes. , . ~ <- •---.'-•.'. -•'.'.•.' •' "Generalforecasts, of April weather will be given in the Match 27th bulletin, and will be of special importance on account of unusual weather that will mater'ially affect the crops. I will be pleased to correspond with those dealing In cotton and grain! ' . • , Fo»ter's tocal Forecast,,. • The storm waves will reach this ridian and the other chauges will occur' at aud within a hundred miles of Freeport within twenty-four hours of 8 p. m. of the dates given below; March 15, threatening; March 10, changeable; March 17, cooler; March 18,cooljMarch 19, moderating; March 20, warmer. ' .. * IT is said that the able Judge Tourgee is a candidate tor some foreign position under tbe present administration. Judge Tourgee should have some place at home. While he would make a first class consul, the advanced ideas of Republicanism and the new lines on finance, aud the interests of the colored people of the South can ill afford to have tbe Judge hid away in some European mart. He should be in the harness at b.orne, giving his energies and hia enlightened experience to the Republican party. THERE is the war spirit in Europe, the famine in India, the uprisings in South America.the revolutions In Cuba and jthe Pbillipiae Islands, the flnan- ciej depression all.over our 'coun^ try, but the greatest of these Is the exhibition of brutality at Carson city. THE present administration at Washington runs up, against ex-President's Cleveland's civil service at every turn Some of the members of the Cabinet find they cannot select a private secretary only through civil service chan-_ n'els. TbereisBuoUa thing as overdoing a good thing.^^^ A NE \v, ;'political l?arty called! "'i'he American" is to be launched during the summer. It is to pave a ruagaz'ne called '/New Oceaelqns" to herald its principles. -No indication is yet given as to the aim of this new'political party, but It is conjectured that it will be constructed on Populistio lines. [From Tuesday's Mollue Dispatch] ROCK RIVER RAMPANT. bill to consolidate the State Supreme Court will be «P for consideration before tbe tession closes. The believes that tbe of that deUb&rttliytJ 'bosSy b$ {M#ii>atfctio, but, lik fixed. W« w* ftot my luealttjr P it toupt ft&itf of State Sherman is in favor of a new treaty with Nicaragua ia relation to the Nicaragua canai; .the uew treaty to bs simitar to that negotiates by BiterefSff! 1 FreUnglmyidii, was oii its,, way to be ratified lie 4>safH5i»ts got ho|4 of Coa- Great Overflow Caused by Ice Gorges, at Bttratow aud Near-Joulm, Rock riyer is ngain on a rampage. Word comes from the residents ia the valley of the raging waters to the effect that the entire county between Erie and Barstow is submerged, Great danger to the lives and property of th< farmers is feared, and the possibilities of waphoutt along the. line of the CJ are imminent. The ^vferflow is due to gorges have formed at different points jn river as far up aa Sterling sioce the breaking up of the tee last week. Two of these,the most immense and formidable, are, one between Joslin HIHadaie, and one at Baratow. of tbe first-named, Joslin is completely surrounded by water, which ia up gl* most to tha railroad depot.' All the surrounding lowlands are submerged, At Ksratow the river is a mile and, ft" half wide, and ia about flash with the bridge oyer Drunken slough, A fore* of men started out this owning^ with sand baga aud rouke to load dowa tb« bridges.aud culv^stBtp pievent their earrU'4 away. Th§ r^idantg p of ttje upper gorge

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