Denton Journal from Denton, Maryland on November 26, 1938 · Page 2
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Denton Journal from Denton, Maryland · Page 2

Denton, Maryland
Issue Date:
Saturday, November 26, 1938
Page 2
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Page 2 FOBLIBBKD BVBBT SATURDAY BT MELV1N JOHNSON INCORPORATED BENJAMIN F. JOHNSON, Pnddtnt «nd Traunnr MELVIN, Vle»-P»»ld«nt ud Beeratarr- Entarad st th« Poctofflc* «t Dmton. Bid., n · mall matter. Saturday Morning, November 26, 1938 WHAT HAS AMERICA TO FEAR7 The events in Europe are of very serious concern, and they are increasingly serious because of events in Mexico that arc more direct in their effect upon the U. S. Government. There are two reasons for the unusual interest shown by our Government and anxious counsellors like General Pershing, in regard to national defense, and those two reasons are Mexico and Germany. Those two countries are altogether too chummy in their trade relations. Outstanding debaters in Washington's "Town Hall" discussed the "Betrayal of Munich" a few evenings ago. Almost at the same time the United States Department of State was patching up affairs resulting from the betrayal of Mexico City. Over a period of many years Mexico has been confiscating farm lands owned by American citizens. During the past ten years alone more than 10 million dollars worth of these properties were "expropriated". For years' the United States has been pleading for the rights of its citizens. Finally Mexico offers a million dollars as a sort of token and it promises to pay that amount by May 31, 1939, and another million each year thereafter, until the 10 million is paid--interest not being mentioned. The joker in the deck is found in ·the Mexican note of November 12, stating that the government "reaffirms" that it "has not acted contrary to the rules and principles of international law, of justice and equity". Having been caught with the goods, and convicted in the eyes of its own intelligent nationals, it "takes pleasure in recognizing that the sentiments of cordial friendship which unite bur two countries have in the end prevailed over differences of a technical and juridical order". Such language interpreted into honest speech of the United States means that Mexico is promising 10 million as a sort of bail bond, to strengthen its stipulatoin that these payments "shall not constitute a precedent, in any case nor for any reason." By that subterfuge Mexico expects to hold possession of hundreds 'of millions of dollars worth of British, Dutch and United States oil properties. It's worth 10 million dollars of dubious promises to the Cardenas regime to be able to retain its infinitely larger thefts. If Mexico over the industrial life of the nation. In the second place, it is recognized as part of a consistent drive on the part of the White House to dictate the foreign policy of this country, and control of foreign policy offers the easiest road to increased presidential power. Business men in general, although a few see profits ahead in armament, know that what has happened in England and France will happen here. Normal business will be intcrefcrcd with. Prices will rise. Both credit nnd supplies will be harder to obtain. The capital tied up in armaments will be frozen and sooner or later the whole business life of the nation will be directed in the interest of unproduc tive armament. If the armament program docs go through it will become of the next vital importance for Congress to declare exactly what our army and navy arc to be used for. Constitutional safeguards of the people against war have been gradually broken down. The Constitutional limitations on the use of the militia were ignored in the World War and the power of the President to -involve the country in war has steadily increased. It is more than time that Congress assert its power over peace and war, announce a policy of defense only, of no conscription for foreign wars nnd by passage of the war referendum, give the people the right to vote on war. The people of Illinois this year voted that their Congressmen vote "no", on any question of sending American men to fight abroad. It may turn out that the President seized too quickly the opportunity that seemed to present itself in the reaction after the relief of Munich to push ahead with a huge military program. With several weeks before Congress convenes to think it over, it is quite possible that the people and their representatives will wake up to the dangers and costs of such a program. Granted even a short period of calm thinking, the American people will realize that they are in no danger of actual attack from foreign powers, fully occupied at home and far too remote for any hope of successful invasion. They know also that the dangers that do threaten us arc not dangers that can be warded off by battleships. What we need is protection against becoming obsessed by the dictators, and through centering our attention STRUGGLE TO SAVE BIRDS MUST GO ON, SAYS JOURNALIST ·Skeptical, heardheaded busiue- s- men today are beginning to realize that bird protection pays--not only in terms of education and recreation, but also in the coin of the realm, declares William Vogt in the current Rotarian Magazine. Where hunters once went with guns, tourists now with cameras nnd field glasses to snnctuaries where the egret, wooci ibis, roseate spoonbill, and other bints are being saved from extinction. The sanctuary movement, bc^un in 1900 and taken up in 1902 by the National Association of Audubon Societies, has faced bitter opposition, according to the writer, who is editor of 'Bird-Lore." Just as Theodore Roosevelt was condemned for effort- to reduce the kill of birds, so also have organized conservationists been denounced as persons who would destroy a great industry and throw thousands of men out of work. Wardens of sanctuaries- have been attacked, even murdered! Yet bird lovers have persisted in their work, which shows results today. "But the increase in the numbsr of birds is not the sole result," Vogt points out. "An almost universal charity for wild life is another. Hundreds of thousands of people every winter regularly feed bird;. Even hawks and owls, once killed indis- would--torn orrow--co- operate with other Pan-American Republics in the "Good Neighbor Policy", which is the "Cutural program" of the United States, matters would be entirely different, and the fear of becoming involved in a war branching 1 out from any European nation would vanish. The plain fact is tbat America ha? reason to fear Mexico because it almost constantly endangers the security of the Western Hemisphere. The rest of Pan-America aims for "peace on earth, good will towards men." -^.-*p- THE GERMAN MENACE When President Roosevelt · commented on the Nazi brutality and said that he '"could scarcely believe that such things could occur in twentieth century civilization" he voiced the "deeply shocked public opinion" of his countrymen. The German government is regarded in Washington as a grave menace to all nations of the civilized world. So far as the United States is concerned our position has become very complicated and it is to be hoped that there will be no hot-headed, rash movements either on the part of lead- upon them, adopting their ways. Our distress at the suffering of persecuted groups in Europe needs to be expressed in more generous help to the persecuted instead of in noisy condemnation of the persecutors. Next to immediate relief of sufferers, our efforts should be to uproot in our own country every tendency to racial antagonism. It should be impossible for any organized effort such as is starting here today against the Jews to make headway. The greatest living spokesman of democratic thought in America, Justice Brandcis, in a patriotic address during the war, pointed out that the United States is a federation not only of states but of people. "America," he said, "recognizes racial equality as an essential of full human liberty and brotherhood and that racial equality is the complement of democracy. criminately, are now protected in most states both by law nnd by sentiment. "This has resulted in a better America," he urges. "Songbirds that were formerly killed now rear their families to help man control the insects. In the Theodore Roosevelt Sanctuary it has never been necessary to use an ounce of insecticide." The struggle is not yet over, he says, for the public muit realize fhat the bird in the bush is worth two in the hand. Destruction of swamps, forests, and prairies still is obliterating habitats without which wild life cannot survive and, hence, cannot help to restore a natural balance favorable to man. No one need wait to establish a great sanctuary like those in Florida, Louisiana, or other states, Vogt concludes, for "anyone who will use a little ingenuity can create his own sanctuary in suburb, garden, or farm. The same formula may be used that has been so successful in Audubon sanctuaries: protection plus cover plus food plus water equal; birds. Its success has been proved, time and again, for the last 38 years." THE MICHIGAN ROAD By Albert C. Rose Senior Highway Engineer, Bureau of Public Road.-, United States Department of Agriculture The Michigan Road was the main nortli-nnd-.soiith route through the state of Indiana. It connected the Ohio river at Madison with Luke Michigan at Michigan City. Over it the- pioneers of the 1830's, called "movers", drove their ox-drawn covered wngons through the hills of the southern counties of the Hoosier state to the fertile prairies beyond the Wa- bnsh river. Thu rond wns travellable during the eight months of the year when the weather permitted but, during the winter months, it was a meandering stream of mud and almost useless. In the central portion of the state, the Michigan Road traversed a level plain covered with a forest so dense that the rays of the summer sun rarely pcntratcd to the forest floor carpeted with leaf mould which held the accumulated moisture with the avidity of a sponge. There were va^-t areas of swamps which the forest .streams, choked with windfalls, underbrush and debris, never drained. Nevertheless, the dark forest wilderness, the dismal swamps, the rockj' nnd muddy sections of the Michigan Rond, the hostile Indians and the Ohio avenues, or west and north, on Washington street nnd Illinois avenue, to nn inlen-eclion with Indiana avenue; thence northwest on Indiana avenue to North street, where the Michigan Road turned toward the north; thence across Marion, barely cutting the corner of Hamilton County, and across Boone County to Michigantown in Clinton County; thence across Carroll County and along Bridge nnd Sycamore streets in Logansport in Cas.i County, thence to Rochester in Fulton County, thence north through Marshall and St. Joseph counties, along Michigan street in South Bend, to the southerly bank of the St. Joseph river, thence westerly along Michigan avenue and through St. Joseph and Luportc Counties to the mouth of Trail creek on Lake Michigan, following Michigan avenue, Michigan and Wnbush streets in Michigan City. The total distance of 2G7 miles along this route includes 92 miles from Madison to Indian- aplis, 71 miles from Indianapolis to Logannport, G8 miles frtim Logansport to South Bend and 36 miles from South Bend to Michigan City. The foregoing introductory remarks are intended to orient our understanding with regard to the location and the relntivc importance of the Michigan Road as a pioneer route of travel in the territory northwest of the Ohio river. The detailed story of the Michigan Road which follows ere in the Administration, or Congress, or among the majority and minority parties to precipitate a situation like that of 1917. The national movement that favors a great establishment for national . defense hae had an addition put on, by the President's suggestion to the 21 American Republics and Canada that they should participate in preparedness solidarity for the Western Hemisphere. Signs of a German menace closely resemble the days of 191418. Nevertheless, a military plan for the entire Western Hemisphere is a matter that goes beyond the authority of the United States, its Administration head, or even the Congress. Besides it is playing with fire. These are serious days that we are living through. But how swiftly the sands of time run: From November 8 and for a full week thereafter tbc whole country was in a feverish heat over the results of the election. Seven days later election controversies made way for, new discussion about national defense, that expanded overnight, from the Arctic Ocean to Cape Horn.--J. E. J. EDITORIAL NOTES The business man likes statistics. Then here are a few. They relate to the cost of war. Today the United States is paying two-thirds of its entire national revenue for war.? fought in the past. Before the World War, the British people were still paying ?120,000,000 for wars which had been fought a hundred and more years before 1914. In 191'4 the British debt totalled three and a half billion dollars; after the war it totals nearly forty billion dollars, or more than one third of Great Britain's entire national wealth. The British people hav«- been paying annually for a hundred years about seventy million dollars for the Napoleonic Wars of 17931815; for a century to come they will be paying annually about one billion for the World War of 1914-1918. The World War which lasted four years used up three billion dollars worth of shipping; naval (100 warships) and mercantile (5,500 ships, 15 million tonnage), which had taken 25 years to accumulate. It destroyed thirty billion, of property on land. It increased the national debts of the eight Great.Powers from twenty-five to 250 billion dollars. Each successive generation for the seven thousand years of recorded history ha? had to 'MUSTS" FOR TRAFFIC SAFETY Julian H. Harvey, managing director of the National Conservation Bureau, lists six vital "musts" for the solution of America's Number 1 accident problem--the street and highway death and injury toll. First, nil drivers must be licensed, and only after stringent tests. Second, real, not perfunctory physical examinations of drivers at periodic intervals U important. Third, all high school students should be educated in safe driving:, through specially devised courses. Four, there must be more stringent enforcement of laws affecting both drivers and pedestrians by the police and traffic courts. Fifth, ticket fixing must be 100 per cent eliminated. Lastly, all safdty organizations should give their primary effort toward discouraging the speed mania-principal cause of the bulk of r'qrious accidents. These "musts" provide a well- rounded traffic safety program, within the power of any state or community to meet. They touch the all- important high-spots--education, examination nnd law enforcement. They deal with specific cures--not more or lea? meaningless generalities, and represent the only kind of program which has a chance for permanent success. America ha? had enough of reckless drivers--of ignorant youth taking the wheel for the first time--of the ticket-fixing racket that lets the guil- iy man with pull go free--of the callous indifference toward others that the speed maniac displays. Every one of the 48 states, every one of the thousands of villapes and cities in the land, must give ita energies to solving the traffic problem. DCTBMT, MICHIGAN ROAD 1850. The courcurs dos bois the French rovers of the forest; the voy- afjeur.s, whose lives were .-pent mainly on the lakes and rivers; the Roman Catholic priests, who introduced Christianity to the Indians; the inler- ureles, who Jink-els for wild animals failed to dii-.may the early settlers, because they were able to vision with the eyes of their mind? far beyond their immediate surroundings to the distant plains where lay the promise of hnppy homes and financial security for their families Thus the story of the Michigan Road verifies the social axiom that the greatest wealth of a nation lies not in the value of its natural resources but in the character and ability of its people. The record of this historic thoroughfare may be compared with a long motion picture film upon which are photographed for posterity acts of heroism, i-elf-sncrifice, courage, privation, daring, generosity, hospitality, kindness, justice and all the other primary virtues which, more than material values, have established the firm foundation upon which our country rests. Before presenting the detailed narrative of the Michigan Road, it is perhaps best to take a general view, in order ro establish the relative importance of this thoroughfare in relation to other local pioneer wagon road'. In this respect, the Michigan Road was second only to the National Road as an overland route leading into Indiana. Emigrants from Penn sylvnnia, New England and the other eastern states floated in fiatboats ant barges and on rafts down the Ohio river to begin their northward journey at the river settlement of Mudteon. Settlers, swarming from the southern states of Kentucky, Tcnnesssee, Vir- BETWEEN WAR AND PEACE It is accepted in Washington that at the coming session of Congress the President will push his rearmament program for the defense of this hemisphere with more insistence than any other measure. It apparently has been assumed by the Administration that the armament program will go through with practically no opposition. Within the laat few days, however, there arc signs that the dangers of the program are bemg recognized. .Sooth American nations have protested, apparently realizing that behind "protection of democracy" there may be a .return to domination of neighboring countries by the United States. Both Republican opponents of the struggle with the burden laid upon its back by its predecessors and ha- itself added to that burden. "Thus the generations of mankind have been linked each to each, not only by the blood-red thread of war itself, but also by the black rope of war's financial cost." We have no way of estimating the cost of war in long past centuries but we do know that in the past 150 years and the 23 wars waged in that time, the cost was 1B,50G,873 liva; and $212,707,183,357. The indirect expenditure of wealth on war cannot be estimated In dollars and cents. Think how much further along mankind might have been in his pursuit of happiness were strength, wealth, initiative devoted to progress instead of destruction! "Were half the power that fills the world with terror, Were half the wealth bestowed on camps and courts, Given to redeem the human mind from error, There were no need for arsenals and forts." It has been estimated that the net cast to society of bringing a man- child to maturity is about one thousand dollars, then the economic loss due to killing or incapacitating the ten million dead and six million seriously wounded in the World War EVE OF THE"" ARMISTICE ~ ~ · The Hindenburg Line had crumpled and the Germans were retreating 1 , fighting doggedly to maintain their fading grip on a terrain over which their armies had swept in their earlier invasion of French soil. Rumors of an armistice had already been whispered in lands far removed from the fighting front, but no Jiint of an early ending of hostilities had reached the contending armies. The Germans' still resisted the Allied drive with every weapon at their command. Hard at their heels the valiant Second Division was pressing forward and had reached the Mouse River, which they prepared to cross on the night of November 10, 1918. For ten days* the division had wrested one defense position after the other from the enemy in the Meuse- Argonne Sector, and it was now engaged in a drive which gave promise of an overwhelming victory. Beyond the river the enemy attempted to delay the advance, sending a hail of shells and withering machine gun fire to a point near Beaumont,- where the 2nd Engineers tried to bridge the stream. The first bridge was blnstcd into bits, but the second flimsy structure finally spanned the river, and over this, under German flares that shed ginia and the Carolines, crossed the Ohio river from Milton to Madii-on on the northern shore. More than one- half the settlers in the northwest quarter of Indiana reached their homesteads over the Michigan Road. Many pioneer families also entered southern Michigan over this thoroughfare. The Michigan Road, however, was used mainly by the settlers who established their homes in Indiana. It was conceived by the inhabitants 6f the Hoosier state, built by Indiana's sons and traversed by the immigrants into Indiana. Contrary to the popular im- prcs-ion, the Michigan Road was not the main route over which the pioneer settlers reached Michigan. The Michigan Road derived its name from the lake, not the state. The immigrants entered southern Michigan principally by way of the Erie Canal, the Great Lakes and the old Chicugo turnpike which followed the route of the earlier Sauk Indian trail leading southwest from Detroit. The fact that the waterways were the main arteries of travel in the early days established the geographical importance of Indiana as an overland bridge providing th'c shortest possible route between the Ohio riv- may be divided into four main parts m which are' described: (1) the influence of the topography of the country and the early French explorations upon the final location of the road; (2) the use made of this route by the French, English and American fur traders; (3) the location and construction of the road to facilitate the settlement of Indiana by emigrants from the more densely populated sections of our country; and (4) the growth and transition of the Michigan Road from a primitive trace into a modern paved highway now designed throughout a portion of its length as United States Route? 20 and 31. French Explorers Establish Upper and Lower Routes To The Northwest (I634-1G80) At the beginning of the seventeenth century there were developed two main long-distance routes connecting New France (Canada) and the Mississippi river valley. The upper route to the Northwest extended 'rom Montreal up the Ottawa river, thence overland to Lake Nipissing, hence down French river to Georgian lay, thence across Lake Huron and hrough the Straits of Mackinac to Lake Michigan, thence to Wisconsin or Illionis and thence finally to the trading post; on the Mississippi river and its tributaries. The lower route traversed the St. Lawrence river and the Great Lakes and reached the translated the native the white man; the hivernans, the fur traders who spent the %vinters in the Indian country, and thci engages, the common laborers of the fur-trading companies, nil were the advance agents of the European civilization across the Atlantic ocean. Over their activities in this forest wilderness tht moon chnnged its shape for more than two hundred years before the immigrant anil settler occupied the hunting grounds of the Indians and the fur-trading folk disappeared. Then bcfjan the era during which the farmer nnd the lumberman laid the foundation for today's industrial commonwealth. Michigan Rond Uwile Used by The Fur Trailers (1082-1825) During the period when (hi; region was controlled by three · e'iccessivc governments--the French, the English and thc American--the Northwest fur trade wns carried on mainly over !hc natural water routes and the Indian (rails. Every spring nnd fall the Indians travelled over those pnth.s leading from the hunting grounds to the trading 1 por-.ts with great quantities of furs, maple sugar, baskets ami other articles of native handicraft. For centuries the valley of the Kankiikoe river had been a trapper's paradise, rich in fur-bearing animals. Thus the site of the pro cnt city of South Bond, Indiana, became the center from which traits radiated in all directions. There was a trail leading north down the St. Joseph river to Lake Michigan. Another connected with the Sauk trail, extending north- cast to Detroit. Still another prospected southwest to Fort Wayne on the Maumce river. There was iilso a portage path running r'outh to the present site of Logansport at the ford below the falls of the Wabnsh river near the confluence with Eel creek. Continuing south of the Wabasli there wns nn Indian trace which meandered to the junction of Fall Creek and White river by reason of the good ford to be found at the location of the modern city of Indianapolis. These trails followed the bent ground between control points, the location of which were determined by the topography of the region and the situation of hunting and fishing grounds, water holes, salt licks nnd Indian villages. Since topography was the predominating factor and the towns of white settlers often were established on thi 1 sites of former Indian villages, it was natural that the surveyors who local- j ed the Michigan Road some years later should retrace the steps of the Indians and the fur traders. Over these trails the gay, affable, easy-going Frenchman blazed the way and traded from the time the region was claimed by France, dating back to the discovery of the mouth of the Mississippi river by La Salle in 1G82, until the 'territory was relinquished to England, at the close of the French and Indian or Seven Years War, by the Treaty of Pnri; in 1763. Then a dark cloud of native discontent began to gather on the fur-trading horizon for the aloof English had never bson able to establish with the Twenty-Five Years Ago Taken Fran The Journal of ZC Yean ABO This Week. While cranking his automobile a few days ago Dr. Whislcr, of Denton, broke his arm, and the accident interfered with his practice greatly. Mr. Charles W. Jefferson, n brother of Mr. Thomas O. Jefferson, the present postmariter of Federalsburg, been appointed to that position nnd will soon take charge. The appointee was some years ago a member of the House of Delegates. He is a son of the late Dr. Jefferson, who for many years wa; n leading physician of that section, to whose practice Dr. Kemp Jefferson, a son, succeeded. Miss Olive Scward, daughter of Mr, and Mrs. W. W. Sewnrd, of near Ridgoly, nnd Mr. Ord Rairiph, of this place, were united in marriage at the home of the bride's parents on Thur,;- j day at 11:30 n. m. The ring ceremony j was performed by Rev. W. E. H a b - j bart, the bride's pastor, assisted by| Rev. Mr. Rairigh, the groom's father. The home Was decorated with chrysanthemums, potted plant? and autumn leaves. The ceremony was witnessed by the immediate families and friends. The bride was attired in pearl brocaded silk meteor, and carried a shower bouquet of bride's roso ; nnd lilies-of-the-vnlley. The wedding march, from Mendelssohn, was rendered by Miss Elsie Cleary. Immediately after the ceremony n luncheon wns served. The bride wa: the recipient of many beautiful gifts, including a pearl necklace from the groom. The bride's going-nway suit was of dark blue doc cloth, with hat to match. Mr. and Mrs. Rairigh left on the 2:30 train for their honeymoon, which will be spent in the North. The young couple will reside in Ridgely. On Saturday last, at one-thirty, in Ridgely M. E. Church, Miss Helen Fountain, daughter of Mr. and Mn;. Risdcn F. Fountain, and one of Ridgcly's most popular young ladies, was married to Mr. Orrell Saulsbury, a rising young business man. The ceremony wns performed by Rev. W. E. Habbnrt. The wedding march was played by Mfcs Bertha Jackson. Messrs. Roland Fountain, Linwood Jarrclt, I. T. Saulsbury, Jr., and T. A. Smith, Jr., acted as ushers. The church was decorated with evergreens, autumn leaver and chrysanthemums, and was filled with friends from Ridgely nnd other towns. The bride wore a dark blue traveling suit. Mr. Andrew, and several children survive. The children nrc Charles, of Toledo, Ohio; Ollie E., of Newton; A. Nolan, of St. Louis, Mo,; MTM. Joshua Matthews, of Easlon, and Bernard, a young lad nt home. Mr. Howard Austin, of West Denton, died at the home of Mr. George Bullock, in Kent county, Deleware, on Sunday last, his demise being attributed to heart weakness. The remain; were brought to the home of the young man's parents, Mr. and Mrs. John Austin, and the funeral was held on Tuesday, Rev. J. R. Gnrr officiating. Interment took place in Denton cem- SLATS' DIARY BY OLIVER N. WARREN Sunday: Jake soar tooth got to akeing Mississippi river by means of tributary streams and portage puthrs ox- er and the Great Lakes. Furthermore, the intersection of the Michigan Road with the National Road has been apt ly called "The Cross-Roads of Amer ica", because the National Road i the main sunrisc-and-sunset route tending across Wisconsin, Illionis, Indiana and Ohio. The upper or northern route was followed by Jean Nicolet, in 1G34, when he was sent as the agent of the French fur trader, Samuel Champlain, on a western tour of discovery io find, if possible, the route to China. Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle, imbued with the same idea, finally lost his life while engaged in the search for n short route across the continent to Japan and China. La Salle carried on his explorations along the lower or southern route which was avoided by so many explorers because of the hostile Iroquois long the Great Lakes. The territory now embraced in the tate of Indiana lay directly in the path of the adventurers who dared to risk the dangers and rigors of the lower route. La Salle choice this path in December, 1G79, when he made the first recorded journey of a white man up the River of the Miamis (St. Joseph river) and across the portage to the headwaters of the Kankakcc river, beginning 2% miles northwest of the present courthouse in South Bend, Indiana. The portage or carry- Indians the close relations enjoyed by the fraternizing French. King George III initiated the policy of discouraging fur-trading monopolies and declared all trade with the Indians should be free. In retaliation, in 17fi5, Pontiac, long friendly with the French, organized a powerful confederation of Indiana led by the Ottawas and captured all the British forts in the Northwest with the exception of those at Detroit and Duquosne. War parties throated their terrifying cries along the trails once used by the peaceful fur traders. Ten years later the livet; of the pelt hunters became endangered again when the fighting instincts of the Indians were aroused and Mrs. Saulsbury are spending their honeymoon at Niagara. Recent business college graduates in Wilmington were the following Caroline county student: Arthur L. Carroll, of Bethlehem; Theodore Fletcher nnd Randall Frampton, of Preston; Joseph B. Orrell, Charles C. Pritc.hett nnd Miss Florence E. Pippin, of Greensboro, and Chas. P. Wright, of Federalsburg. Mr. and Mrs. J. Frank Turner, Easton, have issued cards of invitation for the marriage of their daughter, Miss Florence Louise, to Mr. John Nathaniel Macknll, on Wednesday, December 3rd. The young couple will agon yesterday p. m. and Jakes Mom Bed for I Jake to gu to the dentest. As I wanted to eee 'Ijake take it so I went. The dentest give the tooth a jab and when Jake hollered the Dr. sed Never mind I jam a p a n e l e s s dentest. Jake sed Mcbby y o u a r e panclesa but I aint and yelled agen. I thot it grate fun. Monday: T h e fnmbly went out jdrivcing in the se- cunt handed car and out in the country we about run out of road. Pa sed he have sertenly lost his way and Ant Emmy sed Is they a hole in your pkt. and are you posativ you had it when we left. I started to laff but Pa nudged me not to. Becos Ant Emmy dossent hear none too good. Tuesday: Jane and Elsy cot up with me going to school this a. m. and both i=cd I lookt offle bad and why. So I pulled a fast 1 on them sed No wander as I were unconshes 8 hrs. last nite. When they ast how come I sed I were asleep was why. They sed I thot I wa; smart witch I guess I were at tbat. Wednesday: Blbtcrses Pop were a going to lick Blisters and so Blisters wanted to no why and hij Pop sed For strikeing a boy much smallern yourself. Blisters sed I thot mebby it were becos I nm much smallern you. And so Blisters got a leckcher ins ted of a licken. Both of witch are ekelly not plesent. I know. Thunsday: The tcecher of the Kin- dygardcn class in school got a pitcher of a zebry and ast the littel .felloes what are same. Part of same thot it reside on Linden avenue, Baltimore. Miss Nannie J. Towers, of Baltimore, formerly of Denton, is now n bookkeeper and stenographer for a real estate and brokerage firm in that city. ing distance was 3 or 4 milai long, depending upon the stage of the at the outbreak of the Revoluntion- ary War. At this critical period, Colonel George Rogers Clark, by a series of daring and rapidly executed military maneuvers, crumpled the British attack in the Northwest. A? a result the country north of the Ohio river was saved for our new-born republic. Two main wars and the formation of two great fur-trading companies, the Northwestern in 1783 and the Mackinaw in 1783-84, were the outstanding events marking the era of the British control of the region from 1763 to 1783. The Northwest territory was held by England as n part of her colonial possessions in America until the close of the Revolutionary War in 1779. Then the state of Virginia extended its jurisdiction over the territory and held it for four yean;. In 1783, the territory became the property of the United States by means of the peace treaty nt Paris and the deed of cession from the state o Virginia. Four years later (1787) Congress passed the ordinance creating the territory northwest of the Mr. H. H. Cade, who hart been spending some time with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. M. Cade, left on Thursday for Cairo, III. Mr. Rocs Stevens, of the National Biscuit Company, of Wilmington, spent Sunday with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. G. Lacey Stevens; Mr. and Mrs. Otis Rogers and little daughters spent Tuesday at the home of her father, Mr. D. D. Todd, in West Denton. With $40,000 for the building of a new hospital on Oak Hill a; a goal toward the achievement of which is centered the attention of Talbot's citizenry, a whirlwind campaign was inaugurated this week which has for its scope of activity not alone this county, but also parts of Caroline and Queen Anne's, and which, judging by present prospects, will be brought to a successful conclusion before the 17th of next month. Mrs. Mary Smith, aged eighty-five years, widow of Sylvester Smith, died at the home of her son, Mr. James Smith, in Ridgely, on Saturday last. Mrs. Smith has been suffering from paralysis for several months. The funeral was held at the home of the deceased on Monday. Rev. W. E. Hab- wcre a mule that got in the peniten- shcry t-ome sed it is a horse with a bathcing euit on it. The grone up kids in arc class got a swell laff out of it. Friday: Jake bot a live rabbet had it for a pet. I guess Jakes Ma diddent like it so offle well so she sed to Jake cuddent he give it to the littel boy in the next block that has- i:cnt got no father. Jake replide he cuddent do that but he might give the littel felloe a father. Ma and Ant Emmy laft hartily when I told them what Jake sed. I diddent see the joak £ neether did Pa or Unkel Hen. Saturday: Well, here we are out of school agcn for a cuppel days and still no ice. It are offle when it are to cold for ice creem to hot for skateing and etc. It looks to me like missforchen is persueing us kids this winter whiches wether issent what it usl to be. But how can we help it I ast you. We just cant do nothen about it. Nothen a tall. B O O K S You May Enjoy By Graham Watsoa Ohio river which embraced the present states of Indiana, Ohio, Illinois and Michigan. During this period the English still were trading merchan- and . Democratic New Deal are alarmed by* twd phases of the program In ·the first place, it will give the Ad- miniitration greatly increased power alone amounted to sixteen billion dollars. If the business world and the scientific world turns for its final judgment to statistics, think on these figures. They are taken from those presented by Dr. Wm. I. Hull, Professor of Hktony and International Relations, Swarthmore College. a ghostly light on the stream, two battalions of the Fifth Regiment f Marines ,eventually made their way, establishing themselves on the joining the Northwest with the east crn states along the Atlantic' sea board and the Michigan Road con nccts the southern states with the Great Lakes. The Michigan Road followed the shortest practicable route from south to north through Indiana. It began at Tell me not, in mournful numbers, Life is but an empty dream. --Longfellow heights on its farther side. Behind the Second Division lay their victories nt Bcllcnu Wood, Soissons, St. Mihiol and'the Champagne. Although exhausted and mud-bc- grimcd there was no flagging of cour- 'oge or IDS,; of morale when tho troops pressed forward the following day. However, at eleven o'clock that morning, with something more than heartfelt thanks, both friend and foe welcomed the joyful news Armistice. of the Madison on the northern bank of the traffic laden Ohio river in Jefferson County, because this location provided n suitable landing place nearest to the capital at Indianapolis. From Madison, along Main Street, the Michigan Road ran north to Napoleon in Ripley County; thence through Greensburg in pccatur County, thence to, and along the main street of Shclbyville in Shelby County, thence northwest to an intersection with Washington street in Indianapolis in Marion County, thence west on Washington street to an intersection with Virginia avenue, thence north and west on Pennsylvania and rivers, nnd led southwesterly to three small ponds which formed the source of the Kankakcc river. This trail, known as the St. Joscph-Kankakcc portage, became one of the mast important portage paths on the continent in the eighteenth century, because it. formed a link in one of the main trading-route chains with eastern Canada. On his return journey, because his ship, "The Griffin", failed to put in an appearance at the appointed rendezvous to carry him home, La Salic walked across the lower peninsula of Michigan and reached Detroit in April, 1680. This was perhaps the first cross-country trip made by a white man over what later became known as the Sauk or Chicago trail, a branch from which connected Detroit to Fort Dearborn on Lake Mich- gan. This trail crossed the Michigan load in the northwestern corner of .he territory now embraced in the itate of Indiana. Within this vast domain discovered ly the French explorer* in the vicin- ty of the Great Lakes, the trader in nimal pelts reigned practically su- for two centuries, beginning 1634 and ending about 1840 or disc with the Indians in exchange for furs. These activities were continued along the labyrinth of trails until after the War of 1812 when the British traders were finally expelled from the country. When Indiana was admitted to the Union in 1816, the Americans had gained complete control of nil the fur trading in the Northwest. In Indiana, these operations were confined principally to 'the northern part of the state, with South Bend a; n center. At this time, the G5,000 people constituting the population lived almost entirely in the southern parts of the newly born commonwealth in the Whitewater valley, on ihe lower Wabash and along the Ohio river hills. (To be continued next week) bart officiating, and interment took place in Denton cemetery. Mrs. Smith so long a resident of Ridgely and vicinity, was a highly esteemed lady nnd for years a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In early life she removed to Caroline from Delaware with her husband, and resided on a farm near Ridgoly for many The BEST-SELLERS now seem to be "The Yearling", "Rebecca", "My Son, My Son", "And Tell of Time", "Dynasty of Death", "With Malice Toward Some", "The Horse and Buggy Doctor", "Listen, The Wind". The outstanding success is "Rebecca" which is rapidly overtaking the loaders with breathtaking speed. It is not an action story, at least its chief bit of action has happened when the story opera. Besides clever and lavish advertising, "Rebecca" has bad that inexplicable pull upon the prospective reader--it was a sure fire success before it was published. The charm of the istory lies in the dmr- ucter of its heroine; then tensity of the story lies in the clash between the heroine and the husband's former wife--between a young, Tiaive, and eager girl and the ghost of a woman of infinite poise and grace. "The Yearling" has printed copies amounting to 240,000 and still going EGULAR BLOOE HOUNDS r Customers Our Want Ads years. The surviving children are Mrs. Laura Sigler, widow of John A. Sigler; James H. Smith, Charles F. Smith and Robert E. Smith, of Ridgely. One brother, Henry William;, of Delaware, also survives. Mrs. Smit was a sister of the late R. Kemp Wil iams, of Denton, and Captain Jumc II. Williams, of Hillsboro. Mr. William T. Harvey, one of the county's most venerable and estcemec citizens, died at his home in Burrs ville, from an attack of pneumonia yesterday morning aged seventy-nine years. The funeral will be held in the Methodist Protestant Church in Burrsville, of which he was for a greal number of yearn an exemplary member, on Monday afternoon next, and interment will be made in Burrsville church-yard. Mr. Harvey was twice married. His first wife was Miss Elizabeth Cohee. After her death he married Miss Rachel Miller. Phillips Lee Goldsborough, infant son of Mr. and Mn;. W. S. Wright, Williston, died on Sunday last. Interment took place at Concord on Tuesday, Rev. G. L. Helsby officiating. Mr. Robert Todd, aged about sixty- three years, died at the Emergency Hospital, Easton, from cancer of the liver, on Tuesday last. The funeral was held on Thursday at Smithson Church, and interment took place in the cemetery there. Mrs. Todd, who was a daughter of the late Newton strong. It should make a fine Christmas present for anyone. "My Son, My Son!" has a total of 127,000 copies in print It also should make large gains in Christmas sales. "And Tell of Time" is dropping in place slowly behind these other favorites, now being in fifth place. "Dynasty of Death" while being a little disappointing to its publishers by not reaching the sales they had hoped is certainly bringing in the money .for them. "With Malice Toward Some" is way out in front of the non-fiction titles, even passing the leading fiction novels, twenty-four thousand copies lately bringing the grand total to 339,000 copies including book club sales. "Listen, The Wind", Anne Morrow Lindbcrg's latest sold ten thousand copjcs in one day. Now over 140,000 copies have been printed. "The Horse and Buggy Doctor" including book club sales has reached 185,000 copies. "Benjamin Franklin" ranks fourth among the non-fiction books. It is high on bookstore sales everywhere. Forty cities giving it a good listing. The best selling juveniles are "The Story of Ferdinand" due in some art to Walt Disney's movie recently released. It sticks closely to the book and wisely so. "We Gillis" by the same author, Munro Leaf. "Sing-a- Song Player Book", "Mr. Popper's Penguins", "Second Book of Marels", by that World traveller Richard Haliburton. "Heidi Grows Up", Safety Can Be Such Fun", "Ezekiel's 'ravels", "Once On Christmas" and' The 500 Hata of Bartholomew Cub- ins". Other candidates are "All This and Heaven Too", just out a sure fire hit being high in report from forty nine stores. 75,000 copies printed before publication. "The Joyful Dalaneys", "Doctor Bradley Remembers" and "Such Sweet CompulHon" the Auto- Biography of Geraldine Farrar. Last week she held an autographing party at Brentano's in New York wfaick boosted ite sales. iNEWSPAFERr SPAPERf

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