Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois on October 23, 1941 · Page 1
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Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois · Page 1

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Thursday, October 23, 1941
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IOCAL FORECAST (By Th* mmh tonight wit* LJ x\.l.Lrf Y \jJ\£*Ej 1 1 H* ROCK FALLS 1*4* IT. «5. Qwtstomlimj CofUfnttiiity Doily for Whitest® c.n<J Adjoining Counties 20,359 — trsdfnf estimated EIGHTY-SEVENTH YEAR-No. 97 Wht» Associated Press STERLING, ILLINOIS, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1941 of the Audit Bureau of Circulations PRICE KIVE CENTS Farmers to Take in $2.60 for Every $1 Paid Them in 1932 Next Year's Receipts Expected to Be Two Billion Above Present Welding Shop Not Able To Land Sub-Contract By William PCITU- CHICAGO — 'AP>— Farmir.e in ' IM2 will be a prosperous profe.won., sharp contrast with the- desperate) days of one decade earlier, depart-}, rnent of agriculture estimates show-j ed today. ! Far every $1 the American farmer learned tn 1932. the department predicted, he would receive about $260 next ye»r. In 1932. huge surpluses presented the greatest agricultural •problem and much sxibseouent legislation was designed to reduce this over sup- I ply. Today the government called upon farmers for record shattering! output of many products. | Farm Strikes Recalled Only a decade ago belligerent farmers, in an effort to raiM- prices I by curtailinR supply, hauled milk «>ff ctty bound trucks and spilt it Into roadside ditches. In contrast. next year fanners, domestic consumers and foreign beneficiaries of lease- lend operations will be urging the American cow to do her record best ^ for democracy. In 1932 mJdwcstern fanners organized to prevent shipment of livestock to De» Motnes. Omaha and other meat centers unttt prices rose. Barricades were thrown across country highways and loaded trucks I beading to market were forced, to return their cargos to farms. Now hog producers are aiming at a 15-year record production, and the government expects farmers' cash income from hogs to be the highest since 1*29. 1 Such contrasts were noticeable throughout almost the entire agricultural picture. Imeaee ef IS IWIta* Sees fer 'O Asia result, farm income next year, both from marketings and govern- 1 ment payments, ma yapproach $13.- OOO.OOOOOO. to a department of agriculture estimated. This would be higher than in any of the ••prosperity years of the late 1920's. Farm Income Ihis year was expected to be about $11.000.000.000, -while last year it was slightly more than W.000.000,000 and in 1932 it was less than $5.000.000.000. The department predicted farm price* next year would be about 5 per cent above all at 1*41. but need to rls* onlyl5 per cent , hither than cutter this year. to attain the 9 per cent gain. White price* of what the fanner are alao rising, the depart** 1 * «"«* InrrEaaj-s were not to ottaet gains in prices of what the fanner sens. CHICAGO — <AP< — Alfred BU:!<T. a small business man who came in his overalls to th*- mid- west ciinic on defeiw nrodiirtion. went bflck to his weldine ?h"p today without a sub-contract The 27-year-old shop ownrr wanted defense work .«o badly that, he drove to ChlcajtoTuesday nieht, from FVkm, 111., and Mept in his automobile to be on hand when tfrf clinic tioors opened He talked to government ofli- cials and big industrialist.*, rx- plnininc he had one helper. Ore- Drnning. 18. who accompanied him to Chicago, and could easily hire four more welders. Today lie said his only offer was « job for himself in the Buckeye Traction Ditcher Co., of Findlay, Ohio liut I'm in business for my- nelf.' lie protested as he climbed into his car to RO home, "and I'm staying in business until the short ape of non-defense work farces me to close my doors." Then, he f-aid. he would probably accept the Ohio offer. CIO Calls Strike In Captive Mines Of 7 Steel Firms Roosevelt Forces Seek Uncurbed Ship Sailings 0PM Favors AFL, Says CIO Official Assails Accord with Construction Unions WASHINGTON — (AP) — A CIO official told a senate defense investigating committee today that OPM was engaged in "an unlawful conspiracy" with the AFL after Sidney Hillman. co-director of OPM. had again defended a stabilisation agreement with AFL building construction unions. Hillman asserted that a CIO contract signed by the P. J. Currier Lumber company, low bidder on a Wayne, Mich,, housing project, was not a bona fide labor agreement and was adopted "for some ulterior purpose." A. D. Lewis, a brother of President John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers, charged that Hillman's office was being used as "a recruiting agency for the AFL in connection with defense projects" as he condemned the failure of the government to award the Currier company the Michigan contract on its bid. which the company claimed was $431.000 below the next best offer. He said the office of production management waa engaged in "an unlawful conspiracy to use the powers of government on behalf of M branch of labor against another." local Ca«p Rural Boys wl Mrnh h SpttaffjeU h Amtshce Dif Pirtde GAMP FORREST. TENN.—(AP) ^-TjK_3trd_divjKkmJKill gw home to fflmois to march in Armistice day parades at Springtleld and Chi-«age Maj. Gen. Samuel T. Lawton, commander of the Illinois division, announced today plans for units from dovmstat« cities to parade at apringflek'. Previously arrangements iiad been made for Chicago outfits to march down Michigan avenue: as a highlight of the Armistice ^^celebration in the metropolis. The parades will mark the first •wss return of the Illinois troops aince the national guard was mobil- tead •T*I < sent into intensive train- •f-hew last March The downstate units are the «5th Infantry brigade and the 123rd 'Half the men will.be on furlough the time and will be ordered to lepart at Chicago and Springfield for the parades. The others will travel by truck from Camp Pore&t. taking two days to reach Springfield «nd three to get to Chicago. The invitation to have the troops come back for massed displays was •Mt by Oo-f. Dwignt H. Green, who telegraphed Gen. Lawton: The pco- yle of XDinois ate >ppr*ciaUve of the fine spirit eat efficiency dem- ogr the .Illinois soldiers, to the tradition of our oom- nwealth." Seven State Employes Ordered Reinstated CHICAGO — ( AP) — Seven men from the state civil ser- ftMty were ordered reinstated today I* Ctrcutt Judge John F. PrystalskL , The court upheld their claims that they ha'* been impended beyond the mtt of It days or discharged t warrant after the Onsen •aTeitnlitiathm went into office last January. Ben Alum, Matt E. Norton, Frank J. "•'f-T Frank J. Mulholland. Jo- •Taet'iTr^ *nd Tonk KJohmon ordered restored to their jobs •a food inspectors in the depart* arent of agriculture. Frank Surges ««s Bttnstated as iodt strial foreman a* the penitentiary in Jouet. on all Uon projects. Senator Breweter (R-Me) earlier had protested that <nnf««n waa exercising "dangerous powers'* by advising against the award to the Currier company. He said be would urge immediate award of the contract despite Hillman's testimony he feared a -civil war" in 'Detroit labor ranks if that were done. Err r tor Brewster asked Hillman wh:.:.-r he had investigated the we-? rates involved in the contract, whic"' Brewster said were 25 per cent higher than similar pay received by AFL union men. When Hillman replied that he had not. Erewster observed: "You come in here and attack Mr. Currier and faith of Uua alreement: Yet you say you .know nothing about the wage rates. Are you equally ignorant of other aspecta of this contract?" . ' Hillman replied that he believed the contract waa "an arrangement adopted by both parties for some ulterior purpose.' Japan Again Launches European Peace Feeler TOKYO—(AP)—The Japan Times and Advertiser, controlled by the foreign office, loosed a new trial balloon for peace today by offering the anti-axis powers attest chance to use Japan as a mediator in the European wair. A* Germany's axle partner to the Far East. Japan holds a -paramount status as a pacifier,'* the newspaper aaid, but warned that Ja pan would not hesitate to fight the United States to safeguard her interests "awful though even the thought of iuch a holocaust might be -It is the last chance to use the only vehicle for. exploration of the ways of world harmony—Japan, the balancing power whose decision could plunge the only pacific ocean into a chaos not of it* own making," the organ rteriarrd editorially. States Get Over Billion From HighwoyiJsers , WASHINGTON — (AP) — State treasuries collected 11437,217.000 from highway users hi 1MO, an increase of six per cent over 1839. John N. Bdy, acting federal works administrator, announred today. State gasoline taxes accounted for af70.lM.000 of the total: motor vehicle fees, $4M,17g.OOO, and motor carrier taxes, $17.813.000 Disbursements of m"*"- vehicle taxes in 1»40, by states: Illinois «H,4fljGao. Indiana tS7,M»,000. la** Missouri $34JU,000, Wisconsin $3C,- 071400. • EvoryoM Gets Office NOJU4AN, OKLA- <AP>— When loanatd Geb was ejected freshman lit at the University of their r ,a**7*s and »H •- of the Deserter HeU in Theft LA PORTK. IND. — <AP>-Roy if•..Bowman, If, of Ljugokr. Ind. who polk* aaid OKfeated teavmg the arany air <xwv* *l ftpojlt Field. HU was in Jail today* on a charge of stealing IMS from a parked au- in Corpu* ChrfeU. Texa*. General AFL Walkout In Pittsburgh Area Is Averted Temporarily 'By The A-spocinted Seven lanee steel companies today farrd the prospect of strikes in their "captive" coal mines next Monday midnight, while 20.000 Alabama coal miners remained idle In a wnce disputr. The CIO United Mine Workers last night issued a formal strike call in the companies' mines, renewing their demand for a union shop. A A similar demand last month caused a toven day strike of 43.000 workers, ended by a 30-day truce arranged to permit the national defense mediation board to consider the dispute. While the office of production management appealed to workers and management to avoid "interruption of work by strikes or slowdowns" in "these days when material on the battlefield Is everything." there were these developments in the defense labor situation: Detroit: CIO unionists, openly rebelling acainst their own union leaders, continued picketing the Great Lakes Steel corporation plant which, until their walkout a week ago. was producing high tensile steel for defense u.^es. Pittsburgh: A decision to mediate averted for the present a threatened general strike of 250,000 AFL craftsmen in the Pittsburgh industrial area. Seattle: About WOO welders and burners, members of a newly organized independent union, struck at a number of shipyards, holding up defense orders along the waterfront. New York: The Federation of Long Line Telephone Workers an- WASHINGTON — <AP> — John, Cudahy. former ambassador to Bel- Igium. declared today that the pending armed ship legislation was only; incidental to "the administration's, main purpote of expunging the neutrality act from the statute books." Cudahy appeared before the senate foreign relations committee in: opposition to the merchant ship j arming as Capitol hill and White House developments Indicated thatj administration forces would take the | lead In urging the senate to expand the measure so as to permit American ships to travel anywhere in the world. Under the neutrality acUj merchant vessels now can not enter belligerent ports or designated combat areas. Cudahy, who served In Belgium at the time of the German invasion and also has been ambassador to Poland and minister to Ireland, told reporters prior to his committee appearance that the house-approved armed ship proposal "is another step edging us Into war by subterfuge." Directly before the committee is only the repealer of the neutrality act's ban against arming merchant ships, but Chairman Connaily (D- Tex) tokJ reporters he was having amendments drafted to broaden the nounced that 16.000 union members employed by .the American Telephone and Telegraph company were taking a strike vote to enforce demands for wage increases. Chicago: President Roosevelt* special fact-finding board investigating the national railroad wage dispute, having concluded its public Hearings, will draw up its recommendations to be in the President's hands by midnight, Nov. 5. The 19 brotherhoods have voted to strike but cannot legally do so until 30 days after the report is made. The non-operating brotherhoods ask wage increases from 30 to 40 cents hourly and the others a 30 per cent daily wage increase. The can-ten contend they cannot affoed increases. Beaterbrook OnHines U. S.-British Pledges Made to Soviet Chief LONDON—(AP)—Lord Beaverbrook told the house of lords today that the United States and British missions to Russia had promised Joseph Stalin to make up Russia's losses in tanks and planes in the war against Germany by shipments from theL- two countries. Beaverbrook; minister of supply and head of the British war aid mis- skxaJtoiMoECQW^ declared that Russia has lost textile, munitions and heavy machine tyuhistries of great value and compared the U. S. 8. R.'s position to that of Britain after Dunkerque. Stalin told the mission that the Germans had changed panzer tactics in the attacks on Russia by using small numbers of tanks with Infantry instead of in masses. Bea verbrook said in a long review of th» Moscow conference. Beaverbrook. who recently returned from the Moscow consultations wift Stalin and W. Averell Harri man. head of the American disclosed that Stalin promised Great Britain raw raateriak to mttt^many of our nfeoV and skid the Russian leader "agreed to supply us with pitch, chrome, potash, magnetite, potassim, "We promised t»fart alumin per. lead, sine, braes. , eon- and shellac. The Americans ised oil and petrol from the United States and that was very gratifying. Beaverbroofc said "we have mode available the October quota of all things promised by us m the ment atgned' in Moscow." Icelond Cabinet Resigns Over Domestic Policy REYKJAVIK, ICELAND— (Delayed)—(AP)—Prime Minister Hermann Jonasson and *»*f ***^MVTi cabinet of four resigned Wednesday because of a rtltumfmerit over policy toward • war-engendered rise in living costs in neutral Iceland. The resignation came after a parliamentary crisis forced by the progressive party's attempt to pass a bill to control prices, which are rising rapidly as a result of the occupation by British and United States troops. The ministers had governed Iceland since April u, 190ft. Regent Sweinn Bjormaon accepted the resignation but asked i government to remain in office untfl a new cabinet was farmed because -these are difficult times." Gets New College Post BLOOMTNGTQN. ILL. — < AP) — ;**» Frank a Jordan of to* nii- uois Wecleyen university school of muck resigned today, effective at the end of the semester, to become dean of the college of fine arts at j 10 p. m. Drake university. Dot Motives, Iowa i 11 a. a. prop? of the leei-'lfttion. Connaily advocates the sending of American jhips wherever necessary in delivering a;d to nations fighting the axis. Cudahy said British military leaders believed that me only way the of Germany." Such an invasion, he •war could be won "is by an invasion declared, "would require at least 8.000.000 men from this country." The former envoy remarked that T was In Belgium when the Germans came in and I have seen the German army at close range. I know something about, its might." Another witness, John T. Flynn, R columnist, eaid In a statement that while Uie armed ship bill itself was not important it,was "one item in a collection or series of operations, the effect of which Is to create a state of war." The bill, he declared, offers an excellent method for exposing American merchant ships "to more deadly forms of attack." John Finerty. New York attorney, and another of today's opposition witnesses, told reporters he saw no need to revise the neutrality act "unless we are going to war." He said that the President could give Great Britain enough assistance under provisions of the lend-lease act. Army Air Forces Are to Be Trebled Goal Is 400,000 Men By the Middle of 1942 WASHINGTON — CAP)—Secretary SUmson announced war department preparations today to expand the army att- forces to AOOJOOO flying cadets and enlisted men by next June 30. nearly tripling their present strength. • -Subsequent expansion, possibly to> the 500,000 level, is possible beyond thai date." Sttmson said. The present organisation of the tur force* is baaed on 54 combat groups, whereas the enlarged program calls for M such groups, each composed of several squadrons. Congicat was told the original program provided for a force of 28,000 planes, but Stimaon declined to state how many of these were in service or how many der the The war Ofji tailing the ah* trainlnc un- program. Inert said in de- that the required . would make the any ah- forces "one of the world's tea** 4»rmmiUe* tor /*£ plied eetenee,- with a total'of men q^«»fi iff) njii^ «rni technical schools in operation. The program already to operating with a goal of 10,000 pitoU and ItOjDOO technicians a year. The expansion win not affect existing organh-atton of the army air forces, which are composed of the ah* force combat mm m^ nil and the air corps. Although Stimwn declined to dls- cloae the army's present air strength in fliers or planes, the war department said that last June 30 the air forces tif rwtrt 1QJV7 regular and reserve officers, 1.707 flying cadeU and UMM enlisted men. Six Crewmen Drown As Tug Goes Down DETROIT -r (AP) — Six crew members of the Great Lakes Towing company's tug "America," from Toledo, O, drowned today when the vessel sank while attempting to move the grounded freighter B. F. Jones from a mud bank near Peche island in the Detroit river. Harbor master's 'poUoc. who assisted in the rescue of seven crewmen, said the drowned men apparently were asleep below decks. Officers said they did not know what caused the tug to capsise, but believed a fouled or broken towline fr 4h atble. to th«—grour reported missing by the eoaet guard were William Mc- Pbenou. Port Huron, lilch.f Ray Paul and Wuham De Forreatt. both of aautt 8te. Marte. Mich. Anwnf the rescued were: John Herraaan. Milwaukee, WIs.; John A. Miller, Fort Wayne. Int. an unidentified awn and Cant, Raymond D. They all were taken to To- THE WIAIKEK For Chicago and vttnlMr: Pair tonight; niuch cooler tonight, light to locally heavy frost In western suburbs. Outlook for Saturday: partjy cloudy and south Friday. Fair tonight and Friday; much cooler tonight, light to locally heavy frost in north and central por- in extreme Fair tonight and Friday, cooler in southeast por- Iowa. fooler. tion. heavy frost Vmtght: rising iperature in west and north portions Friday. LOCAL U noon p. m- p. m. p. m. p. m. p. m. p. m. p. m. p. ». U niduicht 70 •9 f? •1 •4 M 10 11 m. 00- m. ml nu a. in. . BL m. a? <2 C2 •2 ii » u Fears 20,000 Firms Will Be Shut Down CHICAGO— <AP>—Floyd B. Odium, director of OPM's contract distribution division, expressed fears today that more than 20,000 small businesses u the United States might have to close down under pressure of the national defense program. At a preso conference which preceded his visit tc a midwest- era clinic on defense sub contracting, he reminded reporters war 30,000 businesses died almost overnight. Then he said that many more than that might have to suspend operations if our nation was to arm itself adequately and give all possible aid to the fighting democracies. There were about 184.000 plants in the United States. Odium said, and about 70 per cent of them were small plants, as yet not benefiting jfuQy from the defense boom* The OPM b trying to find means of keeping these plants operating or of assuring their em- ployes steady employment elsewhere, he went on. France Is in State Of Semi-Starvation ST. LOUIS, MO. — (AP) — Both occupied and unoccupied France already are beginning to feel the pinch of hunger which promises to develop into a home-crushing vise. Dr. John B. Toumans of the Vanderbilt university medical school. Nashville. Term., told members of the American Dietetic association today that while the people of France were not now actually starving, a state of stow starvation was certain to follow. The young Vanderbilt physician returned recently from France where be directed a survey of the food situation and its effects on health among the people of southern France during the first six months of 1941. "Already anemia is quite prevalent and great deficiencies of vitamins A. C and G were noted,.part of which is due to lack of these food essentials before the war but now made acute," Dr. Youmans said. No scurvy, due to lack of vitamin C has appeared yet, he added, but a number of cases of eye and akin diseases were found due to lack of vtiam'na A and O British Seen Likely To Call for an AEF Jo the Middle East Offensive There Will Take More Men Than Allies Now Possess By DrWitt Mackenzie There is much food for reflection In British Foreign Secretary Eden's statement in the house of commons that a larRe-scnle road and railway- making organization of American engineers is being created and that this will be Immensely Important in view of th?, British-Russian communications through Iran (Persia). This strongly supports the probability of the establishment of an allied front in the Caucasus, as this column had forecast. Such a front easily may provide the base for a grand offensive against Germany from the rear. Before that happens, however, there Is likely to be bloody fighting as Hitler tries to seize the oil fields of the Caucasus and drive his way into the strategic Middle East through Persia or Turkey, or both. All this to my mind means that sooner or later—undoubtedly sooner —Britain Is going to appeal to the United States to send an expeditionary land force to the Middle East. C. 8, Already in War But. somebody protests, the United States isn't in the war! Fiddle- de-dee. Wendell L. Willkie has the answer to that one: "The United States is already in the war and has been for some time." True, our operations are restricted, but we cant argue that we aren't in the water merely because • are_ in onlvjipjto_ourL walstejund not up to our necks. It strikes me that a lot of folk will be much easier in mind if they recognise this fact and stop trying to extract comfort from a hair-splitting technicality. It will save a shock when the time comes that we suddenly do find ourselves in up to our necks. Britain has no need for American troops in England—hasnt room for them for that matter, because already there are 4.000,000 men of all categories actually or technically under arms there. Someone raised the question with me yesterday as to whether American soldiers wouldn't be needed in an invasion of western Europe, and the answer to that 1* "no." ASTT high British army officer remarked to me, there arent sufficient ships in ttoewttOB) worldtotrampart American soldiers and equipment and supplies for a concerted landing to Europe against enemy opposition. Still, when the fighting opens up in the Middle East, the allies are going to need troops and equipment which they do not possess. The answer as to which direction they are going to turn for help is easy. Miss Helen S. Mitchell, food adviser in the federal security Administration, warned the dietitians that such lessons as those of France «tnpil^ be applied Immediately in the nutrition of the American people. She declared American scientist* and educators have the knowledge of nutrition necessary to provide better living, and America's fanners have the capacity to produce the food necessary to satisfy any demand, but "still we have about one- third of our population malnourished State Legislature Costs $1305,112 for 6 Months SPRINGFIELD. ILL. — (AP> — The cost of operating the Illinois legislature during the first six months of the year totaled tlJOS.- 11113 for salaries of legislators, wages for employes and incidental expenses. State Auditor Arthur C. Lueder made puUfc the operating cost, whkb was *S.«SJi over the coat of the IftM legislature. The biggest stogie item continued to be salaries and ennemrs of taait- lators. who receive tMe* for each two-year term of the feneral assembly and travel gftpenees. The total this year was Shift of War Aid Route To Russia Is Not Move To Appease Japan: Hull WASHINGTON—(AP)—A marl- time commission announcement that hereafter all aid-to-RussIa shipments would clear throughjthe Atlantic port of Boston led today to a flat denial by the state department that the commission decision had any connection with the Japanese situation in the Pacific. There were rumors early this week Ui the effect the newly-formed Japanese government had notified the United States that any future shipments of war; materials to Russia through Vladivostok would be intercepted. These rumors were not confirmed, and Secretary of State Hull at his prett conference on Monday declined to discuss them. However. when the maritime commission's order Indicating the north Atlantic, rather than the Pacific, henceforth would be the supply route to Russia was issued last night, the rumors respecting Japan were recalled and acme observers thought they saw a connection. The state department's denial of any such connection was unequivocal It was emphasised in informed quarters that by far the speediest supply route to the Russian armies was by the north Atlantic and White sea to Archangel. pared with tl,atMltlt tar UW. Dr. Swoifer MoHiews, Religious Educator, Dies CHICAG" - < AP) — Dr. Shatter Mathews. retired dean cf the divinity school at the University of Chicago and a leader of modem' religious education, died today at the age of 71. He headed the divinity school from 1908 until his retirement eight years iago. ' • . " As a religious thinker, Dr. Mathew* major contribution was considered to be his concern with the social meaning of the Christian religion. Like Socrates, he was often charged with corrupting youth by his teachings. Denominationally, be was a Baptist. Dr. Mathews was born in Portland. Me. His death was caused by a stroke. Frost Due Tonight ILL. «- (AP) — Predicting a sharp drop in temperature tonight in Illinois, the weather bureau hece' reported light frost could be expected to the central and northern section* of the state. The forecast was for a low mark of 44 degrees compared with a low ojf « lact night. Heads Baptist Meeting OTTAWA. ILL. — (AP) — The Rev. Charles A. Carman of the Morgan Park BapUfct church. Chicago, today is the new head of the lUinoU Baptist state 1 convention, having succeeded the Rev James M. Lively of Mattooo. The Rev. William H. Lucas of Springfield waa rejected secre- i tary-Uecteurer yesterday. Ickes No Longer Sees Oif Shortage for East WASHINGTON — <AP>— PP- trolnim Coordinator Icier* said todRT that the pro<.r**-rt of R severe petroleum f-hort-age in the east, about which he ha. 1 ; \vnrned often in rerrnt weeks, now was virtually ern.seri. Gfw>line supplies now nre actually above la.st year. Ickes reported. For the first time .since he Rloomily told last, .summer of pas- sible RBsle.ss autos and homes with less heat this winter, the coordinator declared the general outlook on the Atlantic seaboard now WR.S "optimistic" but he did not say when rationing of gasoline to flll- ini? stations would be ended. Rapid Improvement in the situation was attributed by Ickes to the program of the petroleum coordinator's office, coupled with continued widespread warm weather which held down the consumption of heating oils. Kiev a Shambles, AP Writer Finds Many Delayed Fires Touched Off by Mines By Ernest G. Fischer WITH THE GERMAN ARMY IN KIEV — (AP)— What winter will bring remains to be seen in this German-captured city, bombed and battered in. weeks of siege and left by the Russians to burn. The food problem has been solved by the Oerman'army's soup kitchens, but as winter's snow swirls through the charred ruins of burned buildings, the sight of women and children hunting for firewood is not a reassuring sign. — Delayed --fires were-set off by "hidden Russian mines after the city was occupied and burned for five days, razing 20 blocks even after 10,000 other explosives had* been made harmless, nazl officers told me during a conducted tour. Bridges are in ruins. Many of the mines, they said. .ere set to explode from short wave impulses and others were hooked up with the electricity system. There were no signs of street flghUng in Kiev itself but in the outskirts some buildings had been shelled and others hit by machine gun Sept. 24, nve day* alter the Oer- bullets. The five-day Ore. which began mans raised their %battle flags over Kiev's citadel, has presented a great ____ problem in providing for the city* ' there am j 600.000 but I waa told 900.000 were ahlfted elsewhere as the German armies began dosing In. A German. officer told me 50,000 lost their homes in the fire. Today. more than three weeks after the city'« occupation, stores still are closed and street cars stand idly where they stopped when the Germans arrived. There is a 9 p. m. curfew. Electricity is being used only reservedly. "We hesitated to turn on electricity for fear of throwing switches that would set off the mines." said one officer. However. I was told one fourth of the factories "vital to the life of the people of Kiev" had been put back to work. La Solle Tavern Faces Revocation of License • SPRINGFIELD. ILL. — (AP) — The state liquor control commission today considered revocation of a La Salle, I1L, tavern owner's license on grounds that gambling had been permitted on the licensee's premises. The commission's gambling case against William R. Ccegrove. proprietor of Tinney's Silver Congo, waa the first test of its current cam- palgnto bar operation of taverns in an attempt to enforce state anti- gaming laws. —Ara hearing yesterday~~wben~Gor- grove was cited to show -cause why his licence should not be revoked, Commission Secretary William M. Devine testified, that he had witnessed a crap game in progrearin a basement barroom of Cosgrove's establishment on October B. Cosgrove did not testify concerning the charge. . A second La Salle gambling case, involving William E. Cawley, was continued by the cxunmUslnn unttt Its next hearing session on request of Cawiry's attorney. Federal Personnel Up 53,296 During August WASHINGTON — <AP> — Government employes totaled 1.444.M5 at the end of August, an increase of UJM over July, the civil service commission reported today. The war and navy departments accounted for nearl> all of the gain.' The war department added 90.569 civilian workers, bringing its total to 151.78ft compared with 150,112 at the end of A'Jgust, IMO, The navy took on 17354. raising its force to a; :,421 compared with 133*17 a year ago. The August payroll amounted to $217,772,064, an increase of $11,794.741 over July. Fireplug Cops Stolen; Now Herd to Replace DANVEUUE. ILL. — (AP)—Irate city .officials promised dire punishment—and a lecture about priorities—if they catch pre-H&llowe'en mischief makers who opened some fire hydrants and carried away the cape. Became of defeme demands for I steel, it is «}nv*t impossible to re| place the Nazi Troops Drive To Within 38 Miles Of Moscow: Berlin Demands for Greater British Military Action- Voiced in Parliament (By The Associated Pres$> Britain's parliament resounded with demands on Prime Minister Winston Churchill today for British attacks on Italy, nittht landings on the continent by raiding parties and the dispatch of Imperial troops to bolster Russia's battered red armies In the Ukraine. "The people of this country are ready to take grave risks for Russia. The army wants to fight!" declared Laborite Philip J. Noel-Baker, opening for the opposition in a full-dress debate on the conduct of the war. No longer the Rhine, but the- Volga and Don are Britain's frontier, he said, expressing the belief that "the government's greatest mistake was not seeing the total Identity of interests between our allies and ourselves." While praising Churchill for refusing to discuss questions of strategy, he declared "there is deep and widespread anxiety about the war in Russia and what British forces have done to help Russia in her hour of need." "We now have powerful forces In the Middle East." he said, "and I believe our people would be very happy If some part of these forces could be sent to support Russian armies In the Ukraine." Nads Rash Planes, 'Chutists German troops smashing through Moscow's outer defenses from the southwest and west have reached points within-38 -riiilra of the TJ. S.~ 8. R. capital. Adolf Hitler's high command said today, and London dispatches reported that the Germans were taking to the air with hundreds of reserve planes and parachute troops in an attempt to break the bloody stalemate on land. While the Germans pictured their troops as driving almost to Moscow's suburbs, British informants said that the Russians were turning the Soviet capital into another Verdun and that the nazis were finding the going increasingly difficult "It's 20 to one ey'l' never take Moscow this winter," the source de- c'%red. Strong German force* were reported striking hard on the southern (Ukraine) front, jabbing for a •pot through which to drive Caucasian oil fields. : The nad claim of a double break- tlirough came as the Russians disclosed a shakeup in the supreme Soviet command on the central front, with Gen. Gregory 1C Zhukov, chief of staff, replacing the veteran Marhal Semeon Timoshenko. Under the new setup, Gen Zhukov takes command of the entire west- em zone. Cited as a "fighting, experienced leader," the new red commander, was credited by the Russians with having already tightened Moscow's defenses. Timoshenko was reported transferred to another post. Latest Soviet military dispatches acknowledged that the Germans had scored a slight advance in the Ma- loyaroslavets sector, 65 miles southwest of Moscow. NasTThrart Declared Halted But the Russians declared they were holding fast in the critical Mozhaisk sector, 57 miles west of Moscow, halting a thrust by nazl tanks, and that red troops were counter-attacking heavily against tt- jaws of the. German plncer .at Orel, 200 miles south of the capital, and at Kalinin, 85 mile* northwest. On the Ukraine front. Soviet dispatches reported the outbreak of fierce new fighting at the approaches to the Crimea peninsula, site of Russia's big Black sea naval base of Sevastopol. Besides dropping troops behind the red army toes. German planes were reported bombing Moscow day and night in an attempt to "softenTup* Russian morale. German dispatches reported extremely bad weather; along the whole line of battle. In a spurt of fighting before Leningrad, the Germans were declared to have taken 1,600 prisoners. German long range guns shelled a British convoy in the English chan- ne' today and the royal air force was reported to have hammered at French ports, particularly • Calais and Boulogne, and northwestern Germany. German night raiders struck at Merseyside— Liverpool's shipping area. Shobbono Husker Wins De Kolb County Contest TONICA. ELL. — (AP) — New county corn husking records today were held by George Bower of McConnell and Wayne Challand of fihabbona. Bower woo the Stephenson county meet yesterday with a harvest of 41.85 bushels. Runner up was Or- vUle Nolan of Freeport with 41.36. Challand husked 45.443 bushels to win the De Kalb county contest. Ray Engelswold of Durand won the Winnebago county meet with total of 36371 bushels, while Wayne Weathered of Winnebago placed second with 34.87. In the Moultrie county contest, the title was retained by David Yakey. jr.. of Sullivan who husked 40.8 bushels. He was the highest qualifier for the 1MO state meet. His runnerup In yesterday's county contest was Charte* Fleecier with 33.15 bushels. IMTOftTANT NEWS FOB GENE BOYD Anyone knowing address ui Chi:... cago write H. R. Monit, fitockport, Iowa.

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