Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on April 4, 1969 · Page 2
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 2

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Friday, April 4, 1969
Page 2
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KL, CITY I THe Arf*0A* Phoenix REPUBLIC M AI L phoenix, FrL April 4, 1969 jpubcek warns Czech people mgainst anti-Soviet protests Laird's statement brings reply Pope Paul VI calls church Hanoi claims progress report invented schism victim \ Associated Press PRAGUE — Alexander Dub- k told this nation last night t any further anti-Soviet demonstrations would bring a fetisrn of Russian troops and ranks to the streets of Czech cities. ;= The Communist party lead- ;er, who seeks reform from old- ;rijyle communism, declared on radio and television that "it is a." sad fact . . . that we must j&y a high political price" for the demonstrations that followed two upset victories by Czechoslovakia over the Soviet Union in the world ice hockey championships in Sweden last wreck. -"Either we manage to establish public order and prevent anti-Socialist, anti-Soviet manifestations ... or we shall find ourselves back where we were at the end of August." The Soviet Union and other East bloc states invaded Czechoslovakia Aug. 20. Dubcek indicated the Soviet Union, which has sent two special envoys to Prague, had set some sort of deadline for the Czechoslovakia government to show that order will be maintained and anti-Soviet outbursts kept in check. "There is no reason for sterile panic," the party leader said, "but please realize that the time we have for normalizing the situation is not unlimited." ALEXANDER DUBCEK Soviet tanks patrolled major cities following the August invasion to halt Prague's liberalization drive. The tanks and soldiers were withdrawn to enclosed bases following Czechoslovak agreement to obey Moscow policy instructions and to legalize the stay of part of the troops. Last week's anti-Soviet demonstrations, accompanied by vandalism, "have brought us again to a fateful crossroads," Dubcek said. Dubcek appeared to be staking his still-high personal prestige in an appeal to the populace to curb their obvious anti-Soviet feelings. New anti-Russian outbursts are feared by Czechoslovak authorities during the May Day holiday and the celebration a week later of the defeat of the German Reich in 1945. Wearing spectacles, Dubcek appeared composed but very serious as he read his speech. He grimly told television viewers that despite the present crisis the party is resolved to uphold its January 1968, reform program. He reminded, however, that the November 1968, post-invasion resolution watering down the reforms must be enforced. "The leadership will do all it can against forces which threaten to pull us back from the path outlined by the Communist Party Central Committee," Dubcek said. He declared the main threat comes from anti-Communist and anti-Soviet elements. These elements exploited the rejoicing over the hockey victories to cause vandalism and disorder which damaged the country's interests and slowed down the process of political normalization, Dubcek said. He declared anti-Soviet actions will no longer be tolerated because Czechoslovakia cannot afford to have the normalization process halted by periodic crises. He appealed to the population to support the police in their new powers to curb anti- Soviet demonstrations and expressed confidence that the majority of the people would back this. American casualties in Vietnam exceed mark in Korean conflict Associated Press SAIGON — The enemy's spring offensive sputtered through its 40th day yesterday but it already has sent U. S. battlefield deaths in the war past the grim mark recorded in the Korean conflict. The U. S. Command reported that 312 Americans were killed and 1,593 wounded in the week which ended Saturday. The deaths raised to 33,641 the number of Americans slain in combat since Jan. 1, 1961, compared to 33,629 killed in the Korean War, heretofore the fourth bloodiest in American history. U. S. military analysts have said all along that one aim of the enemy offensive launched Feb. 23 was to inflict higher casualties on American troops and thus bring about pressure in the United States on allied negotiators at Paris to end the conflict. Statistics show that the enemy at least has succeeded in increasing casualties, killing an average of twice as many American servicemen a week as were killed in the first eight weeks of the year. U. S. Command figures show that in the five weeks since the offensive began, 1,718 Americans have lost their lives in battle, an average of 343 per week. In the preceding eight weeks the average was 172. The costliest week of the offensive for Americans was the first, when 453 were killed. In the next four weeks, the numbers of Americans killed were 336, 351, 266 and 312. The U.S. Command figures also show that enemy deaths per week have doubled during the offensive, with 23,992 slain in the past five weeks. Additional figures released yesterday by the U.S. Command showed that the 1,592 Americans wounded last week raised this total for the. war to 210,639. The number of dead and wounded thus totals 244,280. These U.S. casualty losses have been surpassed only in the two world wars and th"e Civil War. The total Korean casualty toll was 136,914. The toll in Vietnam is fast approaching that of World War I, when 53,513 Americans were killed and 204,002 wounded, a total of 257,515. Government troops suffered 357 killed last week and, 390 wounded. ; The North Vietnamese and Vietcong lost 4,314 killed last week, bringing their losses in eight years o£ battle to 474,372, the U.S. Command reported. In the only significant reported yesterday about 1,000 North Vietnamese attacked two night bivouacs of government paratroopers near the Cambodian border northwest of Saigon. New York Times Service ROME - Pope Paul VI described the Roman Catholic church last night as the victim of "a practically schismatic ferment." 'The pontiff, following his address Wednesday accusing dissident clerics of "crucifying" the church, asserted in his Maundy Thursday sermon. In the Basilica of St. John Lateran that the "mystical body" of the church had been gravely corroded by contestation and forgetfulness of its hierarchical structure." BOTH ASSESSMENTS seemed to have been motivated by a series of sharp blows to discipline and orthodoxy that have rained on Rome in the last eight months, beginning with the surge of dissent from the Pope's encyclical of last July reaffirming the church's ban on artificial contraception. These have included renunciation of vows by many hundreds of priests and by two Latin American bishops; publication, despite Vatican disapproval, of a Dutch cate- c h i s m challenging many points of orthodox doctrine, and demands from French and La tin-American clergy that the church renounce pomp and power and become again the "church of the poor." "One speaks of a renewal in doctrine and in the conscience of the church of God," Pope Paul said yesterday, and continued: "BUT HOW can the living and true church be authentic and lasting if the company that forms it and defines its 'mystical body', spiritual and social, is today so often and so gravely corroded by contestation or by forgetfulness of its hierarchical structure? "How can it claim for itself to be a church, that is a people united, even if locally divided and historically and legitimately diversified, when a practically schismatic ferment divides it, subdivides it, breaks it into groups, above all jealous of their arbitrary and basically egotistical autonomy, masquerading as Christian pluralism or liberty of conscience?"....... The Pope called for a general renunciation of the "spirit of rivalry and discord, the subtle temptation to slander among us brothers" and for forgiveness and reconciliation. By CHALMERS M. ROBERTS Washington Post Service PARIS—North Vietnam yesterday declared that Defense Secretary Melvin R. Laird's report of "some sign of progress" on ending the Vietnam war was "pure invention." It appeared, however, from the combination of what was told newsmen by spokesmen for North Vietnam and the National Liberation Front, or Vietcong, that there have been private meetings between American and Hanoi representatives but that as yet they have not produced any results. Although no one would say so, these talks seem to be aimed at finding a way to bring together the South Vietnamese and the NLF. The Saigon government's offer to talk with the NLF once again was neither accepted nor rejected at the eleventh session of the Paris conference. The NLF spokesman told reporters that there have been "absolutely no meetings" between his delegation and either the United States or South Vietnam in Paris or elsewhere. But when he was asked about North Vietnam and private meetings, he said that "we have not been informed lately" by the North Vietnamese delegation "whether or not they have had any private meetings with other delegations." The North Vietnamese spokesman was asked about the statement by Defense Secretary Laird, made earlier in the day on an American television program, that there are some signs of progress in secret talks. He took the unusual step of providing a reply in English. The Communists normally address the press in Vietnamese and French. The Hanoi reply was that what counted is not the form of meetings but the substance under discussion. The Nixon ad- mministration "continues and even increases the aggressive war." After eleven sessions, he said, the conference has not "made any progress whatsoever, even the size of a hair's breadth." To "deceive public opinion," he continued, American circles were spreading rumors of progress, of signs of progress, and these are "pure invention." ,; "Due to the obdurate attitude of the American delegation," he went on in English, there has been "neither any progress or sign of progress. Neither is there anything in the wind" other than the sound of American bombs, shells and bullets shattering the Vietnamese atmosphere, American spokesman Harold Kaplan, in a frustrated tone, said that the attitude of the Communists "unfortunately precluded any progress" at yesterday's session. South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu, he added, "has not received his answer" to his proposal for private talks with the NLF. Kaplan concluded that the Communist remarks amounted to "a way of saying they're not ready to talk." In their formal statements North Vietnam's Xiian Thuy and. the NLF's Tran Buu Kient both charged that the Nixon administration was trying to deceive public opinion, especially in the United States. Kiem called this "nothing but cunning treachery." Because of IMS many public comments on both the talks and on Vietnamese military matters^ Laird is becoming a prime .Communist target here. The Americans tend to brush aside his words, preferring to point to those of President Nixon and Secretary of State William P. Rogers. Thuy pointed to Laird's comments on not withdrawing American forces until Saigon can take over a larger share of the combat. Kiem said Laird has spoken of possible cuts in B52 bombing "as if the U.S. really wants to deescalate the war. But in fact that reduced budget is still able to ensure U.S. B52 bombing degree of fierceness higher than the climax of bombings carried out under the Johnson administration." A Laird interview in which he reportedly said he would agree to a coalition government in Saigon, even though he attached a number of conditions, has been embarrassing to both the Americans and South Vietnamese here. The Saigon spokesman yesterday, when asked about that, explained that once the war was over his government would "accept the political struggle." But President Thieu is firmly on record against any coalition with the Communists. Two Americans still held by Red Chinese Allies reveal raiding Cambodia's Red nests United Press International SAIGON-Allied patrols led by American Green Berets have been making forays into Communist sanctuaries in Cambodia for the past year with the tacit approval of the Cambodian government, American military sources said yesterday. The purpose of the clandestine missions is to trace the movements of North Vietnamese and Vietcong troops who have been using jungle areas near the ill-defined border between South Vietnam and Cambodia as staging areas and rest camps. There has been some fighting. Involved are men of the U.S. Army Special Forces the Montagnard tribesmen or Chinese mercenaries trained and paid by the Green Beret jungle fighters. The history of the missions dates back to the end of 1967 when a Green Beret unit known as Project Omega set up an operational base near Ban Me Thuot on South Vietnam's central highlands. While construction was under way, Chester Bowles, the U.S. ambassador to India, went to Phnom Penh for talks with Cambodian Chief of State Norodom Sihanouk on the problems posed for Allied troops by Communist forces seeking sanctuary in his country. Sources close to Sihanouk caid there would be no real objection to small American military penetrations o! unpo- pulated border areas as long as they were carried out in secrecy and did not put Si- hanouk in the position of knowlingly compromising Cambodian sovereignty. There has been some fighting during the patrols despite their reconnaissance nature. One sergeant on a foray some time ago was credited with a large kill by tossing an electrically detonated Claymore mine into the back of a truck loaded with North Vietnamese troops, running off down the road behind it with the lead wires in his hand and pressing the detonator switch. Another sergeant tells of inching his way at night through an area filled with sleeping North Vietnamese troops and trying not to bump into any of them. The Arizona Republic Published every morning by Phoenix Newspapers, Inc. (120 East Van Buren) P.O. Box 1950 Phoenix, Ariz. 85001 271-8000 Subscription Prices Carriers or Dealers in Arizona Republic (Morn. & Sun.) 70c week Republic (Morning) 45c wk. (Circulation mail rates appear in the Classified section of each edition.) Second class postage paid at Phoenix, Ariz. Friday, April 4,1969 Vol. 79, No. 323 DUTCH AGAIN TAUGHT JAKARTA (AP) - A high school in Semarang in northern Java is offering the Dutch language on its curriculum this year for the first time. Washington Post Service HONG KONG - Two Americans detained by the Chinese Communists in February are still being held in China because they threw away their passports and attempted to pose as British subjects at then: time of capture. This was disclosed here yesterday by Hector Ross, 37, a Hong Kong government em- ploye released by the Chinese yesterday morning along with 12 other persons captured when their party Of three yachts strayed into waters claimed by China nearly seven weeks ago. The Americans still being held are Simeon Baldwin, 56, a native of California who represents the Lockheed Aircraft Corp. in Hong Kong, and Bessie Hope Donald, 46, a secretary whose hometown is Bristol, Va. Two other American citi- MESA Optical < FOR ALL OCCASIONS... WORK, DRESS & PLAY! FINEST QUALITY AND SERVICE! THE LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES FOR SINGLE VISION GLASSES one low price OUR COMPLETE $14.90 PRICE INCLUDES: • SINGLE VISION LENSES, CLEAR OR TINTED • YOUR CHOICE OP ANY FRAME FROM OUR LARGE SELECTION OF FASHIONABLE STYLES AND COLORS • AN ATTRACTIVE CARRYING CASE • CONVENIENT CREDIT AVAILABLE • NO INTEREST, NO CARRYING CHARGE zens were among those freed yesterday. They are Mrs. Joan Von Sydow, the wife of a Swedish businessman, resident in Hong Kong, and Carol Zinky, Ross's 10-year-old stepdaughter. The Chinese authorities reportedly classified Mrs. Von Sydow as Swedish and Carol Zinky as British, presumably in order to create the impression that they were not showing courtesies towards Americans. The yachting party, which comprised Swedish, British French, Australian and Hong Kong Chinese citizens as well as the Americans, was intercepted by Chinese militia vessels on Feb. 16 while en route to Macao, the Portuguese possession about 20 miles from here. LEE'S FERRY SUNDAY - 7:00 A,M, JOHN D, LEE'S "LOOKOUT POST" OVERLOOKING THE BEAUTIFUL VERMILLION CLIFFS The Lookout Post it about a 20 minute walk from the parking area, so please wear walking shoes. Plan to arrive early enough to allow for this. The ipeaker for the services will be the Rev. Paul L Hall Families from the Valley area take highway 79 North to Flagstaff-then highway 89-A North to Navajo Bridge, turn right and go six (6) miles up the Colorado River to the parking area. Restaurant and Motel Accommodations are Available FORT LEE COMPANY MARBLE CANYON, ARIZ. PI DOWNTOWN 1 W.WASHINGTON DOWNTOWN MESA 113 WEST MAIN 4 PHOENIX OFFICES . . . 'BETHANY HOME | THOMAS RD. 1802 W.BETH ANY HOME | 4202E.THOMASRD.I 546E.DUNUV SUNNYSLOPE DOWNTOWN YUMA 241 MAIN STREET TUCSON DOWNTOWN 118 EAST CONGRESS OPEN DAILY MONDAY THE a TUCSON OFFICES; FLAGSTAFF-HI WAY 66 6M EAST SANTA FE TUCSON 6FEEDWAY 9733 EAST SPEEDWAY iH SATURDAY MESA Optical A D ANIEL'S V Qtutliyjnutitn Fashionable cures for Love Bug bites... 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