Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on March 11, 1897 · Page 6
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 6

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Thursday, March 11, 1897
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1ELLS MORE OF HISTRAVEL^JN SUNNY SOUTHLAND. Awfts* foTwty fsi the 'Mfftte.ti Spoor— <EJ»-ft»r«*y' is B«»ntf fttt— item* of the Party 9, Feb 84j 1897.—We were and art enjoying another view of Mexican life this morn- Bsfere our window Is a young with a wrap over her head, a fcaby In arms, and a boy two years old, liSfh bat, linen Bhlrl^ and bare brown lags, Miifc venders with cans on back fend measure in hand, pour out milk and yon drink it on'the spot; tea cents * glass, Mexican money. See that beg- g*r woman, about eighty, bent, in rags, leaning on staff. At a small stand, a yonng girl served me chocolate and a bod, eleven cents. This was my break• • fast,; more palatable than the dollar meal some of our party got elsewhere. A circus can be baa any time. Throw acentavo into the air, and thirty or forty ragged urchins are always ready to scramble In the dust after the coin. All ages.from five to fifteen. P.oor boys, how -little' money they see! A beautiful country after leaving Bilab. Broa'd.stretches of level ground, •look,B fertile, farmers plowing with oxen, cattle «nd sheep grazing, irrigation, trees along the dHches.mountains along the horizon. A new cactus 'ap- ^pears, straight as an arrow, thick as a rail," ten feet 1 high. San Francisco Chronicle of Saturday at hand. I am getting short on Mexican currency.and have nothing but miserable American bank notes, which are below par and are hard to pass. Some of our party sick. For a week, they have been regularly eating three •quare meals and idly lounging on the care. They are congested and complain _0fjdnLLne88_and-headache.— What ideas I One of our crowd, a man, bought a green parrot for three dollars, and intends to lug him back. A young lady got a dove and was Aff> TV- I simply ssj if any on» to ehoope br-twren CftHforrtJa and ieo, come to Mexico by sll means, for here you ate among a different race, an old system of life. Very warm and we are glad to get back to oar car and wash. W. W. i>Avis. ,, Queretaro, Feb. 2&, 1897.—Awoke this morning at four. Hard to get over farmer habits. A variety of sounds: first, crowl&g of cocks; followed by toottog of engines; bugle of a garrison ."Chimed of cathedral bfllls, .Nothing goes to waste^in Mexico. Near a big pile of corn at the depot saw two old men scraping In the dust for the stray grains. Passed a whole family and some pigs all rooting together for spoils in a heap of rubbish. A ragged fellow was carrying a box containing the head and horns and entrails of a steer. The waste barrel of a Sterling family wbuld keep a poor Mexican family. They would eat potato parings, rinds of bacoa, crusts of bread; things generally thrown away. Ladies of our party are crazy for opals. Venders come to the car windows with the stones in black paper. Fine specimens from a dollar up. There are said to be glass imitations, and I am no ju,dge. This is the center for opals, just as. Guanajuato is the heart of a silver mining district. The marketplace at Guanajuato yes- j things. Our hunting for a cage to put him in. . cars are too full of luggage now. . You cannot pronounce the name of this town in a year. .Say it like Wah- na-wee-tp. We have, had a perpetual , show all day. No need to cross", the ' ocean to see strange civilization. Just crosa the Bio Grande. Today we bave- aeen the'beggars of Italy, the donkeys ol Egypt, the sands of Tunis, the flat roofs of Palestine. I almost imagined myself in the old world. ^ Impossible to describe, this place. ~~Q«t v ypWfamilf"Bible andlook at the pictures of Nazareth and Bethany. It . Is built in a basin.mountalns all around. As you gaze up the hill-side, the white, low houses rise one above another. Few more than one story. Few windows or , openings toward the street, except in the shops.; The streets are about twen- i ty feet wide, sidewalks about two feet7 _J>ften none,rpebbles for pavifag,^ and ~ people and donkeys all move aiong~to- * jjether. The donkey! Wha,t would Mexico do without the patient little beaet ? Today we saw them in droves, carrying the following different articles: slabs of stone, say 150 pounds; two bunches of alfalfa, say a cart load; two bales of 'straw; two bags of charcoal; a big bundle of .twigs for fuel; sacks of broken ore for the mill.; Then they are used _ifor riding. Those well off have horses, but the burro is everybody's nag. Some of our party took a ride for the experience. I had enough in Egypt. Throughout the town are plazas; 'or public squares; small but refreshing with their orange trees, violets, geraniums, daises, and various shade trees all to full leaf. Settees for loungers. As you rest, natives, ragged and half naked, come around with oranges and rellcs.ice cream in little round tin cans holding about a gill, which they carry packed in ice In vessels on their heads. ' These street cars would make you laugfe. Ours today had four mules, two abreast, and when the driver gives warning to anything ahead on track,he blows a horn. Aft the streets are dusty, no sprinkling, what a cloud of sand rites as they trot along. We were taken io hand by a cpramlt- , toe, and shpwn around: to the Tetro Juarez, an imposing edifice of stone with six tall columns and an interior *f variegated deception, wprk of na f to the reduction works, i ore ie crushed and washed the mint bat i operation; and by several luxu* toft* private dwellings, These, are in the style of hot ellnuMaa: Doora. and • window* olpsed to the street but onee wit&Ja you behold » spacious court and -gwdea with fiewep and fountains/ At ett* boose, the proprietor and a servant Ijweke off f or us flowew from a vice .florae* with fed blpQBj,, lint trip was up a, biJJ, ttorn nrfeet. Here, by high walls, ia a curious with niches la the thick wall After a time, the dryjjeaa t3»ra loto mum- boQea&te removed to a terday was exceedingly interesting. Hard to explain. Imagine the streets of Sterling alleys fifteen feet wlde.wlth walks Instead of houses, and then imagine our grocers, butchers, bakers, and shop keepers to spread their wares on the cobble stones, all .sitting so close that you must pick your way. They need not take things in at night for it will not rain forslx months.-They-can wrap in blanket and lie right down at night toTvatch~thelrirooda7~~~r'—~~ This is a great country for farmers where they have irrigation. What lux urlant meadows of alfalfa, which they can cut every day in the year. In the truck gardens s,re new.... onions, tomatoes, lettuce, carrots.potatoes. Hedges •of stone, prickly bush, and cactus, no wicked boy can crawl through.; I am again writing on the train, and .1 fear the printers will kick. .. ...•,, -. , v This morning at Queretaro, accent on he ret, four of us hired a hack at fifty cents, Mexican money, an hour, and drove out to Maximilian place, a mile out of city: In front of a wall the Austrian tool of Louis Napoleon was shot ln-1867, and^Carlotta-became insane. Hard on the poor fellow ; to die by bullet in a strange land, but he had no right to go to Mexico.^ His last request was that the soldiers would fire at his breast, and not disfigure his 'face for a mother's last look. If you would get bargains, in this country,you must learn to jew. Sometimes, after asking^ajdpllar, they_wiil: come down to a quarter. When' they ask a price and you shake your head, they" say, quanto?'or how much. .You know nothing about fancy hats in Sterling. What do you think .of 825 for a sombrero, all embroidered in silver and gold? The prospect this morning .from Maximilian place was charming. There was the city with its white stone houses embowered in shrubbery, twenty-four cathedrals with 'their domes and towers, mountains for a background,8nd in front meadows and gardens, here and there a poplar, all radiant in a summer sun. Just out of the city, crossing the plain on lofty stone arches, built long ago, Is an aqueduct conveying water from a lake twenty miles distant.' .After leaving Queretaro you enter a magnificent valley, level as a floor, mountains with their graceful summits always bounding the horizon. Here is a field of magney plant or century plant set in rows like an orchard. The leaves are thick, fleshy and from the juice the favorite drink, pulque, is made. At a little station, men and women come with cans and mugs, to furnish pulque at three cents a. drink,' Our first taste. Like diluted buttermilk; or spur yeast sweetened; a good tonic they say and satisfying to thirst. The fermented form is; toquija, and rouses the brain of Mexlcano, At eyery small town,towering above the low walls and shrubbery, the large, dingy cathedral with tower and cross. We have g!an,ced at the interior of several and find them generally cheaply finished; , In .popr-taste aiul very IS K".-n? j-t< behind th^ DifsufifjsM, in & ?»~ji of crimson fii>)fMirtnr, After shaking off the dust, we Faliud forth on a tour of early exploration. What long etone walls, and streets not well lighted, but after a mile we re&eh the AiaisedA,and now we find ourselves in the rush of the old city. Thla Alatneds ia the heart of the city. On it we discern in the gloom the massive twin towers of the famous cathedra!,, which the scholars kuow from their geographies. In the center IS a frark of. trees, fountains/and broad asphalt walks, twenty feet wide. From the Alameda diverge many fins streets, but they are narrow, sidewalks too, only five feet wide, BO that as you walk, people are continually brushing against one another. These are well lighted, and the stores have wide archways. The jewelry and. confectionery look beautiful. Plenty of wine rooms, where guzzling is actively going oh. Ob, but we need Spanish, Youjneet a man, and ask a question, and he shrugs his shoulders, I just met a f el- low t and he said he parlez vous Francais. In short, you ought to speak all the modern languages.' But we are learning. Estados Unldos is, United States.sala is offlce.at the post offlce,de- posttode correspondence is letter box. Grocery supplies are high, We dropped In last night, and Inquired for Boiled ham Is seventy-five grarled, bnfc very dfivont. There they visitors wmihiag sbotit them. We are more easily etofcerrsssed. Most of on* party, men and women, are exorcised aboat fcbefr meals. They must havea solid breakfast snd supper, and they are not altogether satis- fled with the mtaarants here. Plenty of meat and vegetables, not always well cooked and sometimes cold, Beg. u!ar price is one dollar, Mexican. Plenty of bakeries, find the loaves look .very nice. Ko pies. I hava not seen a pie since leaving Texas, . 'Very warm, shade Is refreshing. These stone hotels, with their open courts and broad windows, cool. The ladies' parlor here is floored with a bard beautiful cement. W.W.DAVIS. cents a pound, cheese fifty, a can of cabned strawberries 01.20, Mexican money, divide by two. The fare on street cars is six cento, Mexican, But they are behind the age. Two mules draw them, and driver blows horn to scare any team ahead. Of course slow movement. Evening is the time evidently for promenade and display.- - Carriage after carriage rolled along like a proces- sionrCoachmanand-ladless-horses-at-a ^alk. The senoras were out for an evening drive, and had on their Sunday clothes, diamonds and bangs. A gay city. The motto is, Let us drink and be merry. This is Hotel Ituibide,' one of. the best, both Europeon and American plans. Booms two dollars a day. Most of us sleep in our -coaches; we. have paid a dollar a day for the trlp,;and why waste our change? Besides, we begin to Ipye the close', musty berths. Inquiry this morning for baths. They want to wash off dust" of Mexican plains, and put on clean linen. • People are clean, men busy this morning in sweeping off walksrdu'st-flying;-every^ where. For my breakfast, I patronized a native stand; a bowl of weak coffee, and a roll of hard tack, no butter, 'five cents or two and a half of ours.. It is 8 o'clock and at 9 a committee will meet us to show over the city. But Iain hard up; nothing but the gold standard, I want Mexican sliver, can't buy a paper OK a -meal, without the coin that goes fifty cents on the dollar. A clear, lovely day. I see droves of natives and donkeys going to their work. Boys are hawking English and Spanish papers of which I shall speak again. : A thrifty landlord. .1 asked for writing paper and he gave me one sheet, Slow country t .W. W, DAVIS. Hotel Iturblde, Feb. Z6,'&7,~A great treat in a visit to the Museo Ni donal. Hours from 10 to 12, but the management graciously opened to ye editors. Takes pages to. describe, A yellow stone building. On lower floor, the heavy Sacrificial stone used by the ancient Aztecs and hundreds of their hideous stone images, the Calendar stone also. In other rooms, Aztec pottery, and utensils showing ingenuity and a resemblance to the old Egyptians! We visited room after room, but the striking object to most IS the State carriage, of Maximilian, a gorgeous equipage of gold. Under glass cases, a vast assortment of silver plate, very massive and solid. Max had big ideas, but he found 1 royalty'a fatal fascination, .Uneasy lies the head, etc. • City of Mexico has a poor fire department and never suffers. The walls, floors and stairways of stone and Iron. These people are slow but sure, they build for _the_ages^_JVeryjJow,;_:_.To For IhftAncn, Lct^ria d«* la *, or lottery for pnbiie beneflt. That's tbe matter. Thesp poor the little tnoaey they get on things of no valne. We are f«r from home. Neatly .%• «K) miles from Cbiosgo to City of Mesico: ^» to St. Lonii, 1,000 to Gslveston; 1,600 to City of Mexico, Further than to California. Only three days from Chicago to"Sih Francisco, While if yon 14ave Chicago on Monday noon, yon do not reach City of Mexico till Friday evening.-; . •. • .. < ...»..,"••-•• - -. . More and more I feel the aeed of Spanish. Why was I bora in Deutech- iand? Mistake. You may ask dozen people a.question, before you strike one who knows United States. : /This Is historic ground. Here Cortez came in 1851, after fighting hia way for t*o years with the simple natives, and around the city the fiercest battles occurred. They were struggling for their life. As the Greeks in "Marco B'ozar- " ' '' fti'ft tha When I consider the tropical plazas of these cities, the towering cathedrals, the fertile'valleys, the majestic mountain's, the delicious fruits, the precious metals and the luxuriant vegetstlon of Mexico, and then look at these wretches, ignorant, ragged .beggars, I cannot help but recall Heber's famous Joe ia the missionary bymn: .*! What tbo* tbe iplcy breezes Blow soft over Ceylon's Isle,' • '. Tbo' every prospect pleases, , ; i ' Ami only wan ia vile- Another beatif u I day. We have j uat Kistj a traia going towards States, pad I must mail. tb|s, ' W* e.xfiBe£ tit reach •„.'•• A Morning In Mexico. '•'. Itnrbide Hotel, Feb. 26, '97.—This is pronounced Ee-tur-bee-de, named after one of the old Mexican rulers years ago. It is 1 o'clock, and wo have returned from a mule car trip to .the celebrated shrine, Guadalupe, say Wttu- da-lod-pe, This is a great' language: It is jtist outside of the city, the exterior stone and brick. There is a story; in 1531 a holy virgin appeared to au Indian, Diego, and in memory of this miraculous .event, this costly chutch was erected. ', ' On our way we eaw many peculiar things: donkeys carrying bales of straw, two to each, and donkeys carrying about twenty.four eight foot boards,, Beggars sitting in the sun, and peddlers, generally women, bend- Ing over their small pile of candy or trinkets. .,•'''••' ' .'. .-.. •. .;• The greaj; charm of Guadalape Is Us interior, richer than we ever saw in America, The high alter of marble, topped by a cajappy supported by polished red columns, and all the railings thick as your stairway balusters, of polished silver, It is. said to 'welgfit tweaty-six tons. Think of silver by tfte ton! NUmerpus elegant paintings, "^ar the shrine is a holy well, a mia- era| spring boiling i up in the rocks. The taste is. salty, not palatable, but we all sip. There Is a stand where; » gpod eister eells small eards_with a picture of the virgin/two ; e^Jatvos, or pne of pur cents, ; / ••,.- •/. •:'/";•: ;; ; ..'--. ' The Mexicans must have a sweet 'tooth; spmuch jeandyforaaleat stands. It is unlike pura, very luscious, and in, a kink of broken sticks like hoarhoand candy, . Then there are buns, cookies, tarts, crackers, all seeming nicely ba^ed, of a delicate light brown. 1 occasionally buy one for luenh. In the coble t^tbedral, also, this morning, it 10, of course, the great church of ail Mexico, built over tbre* f ago, qphe interior is ssach gUt, yery tolty arehed i»f aod dome; l«rf« eii paiatiDgs think of keeping public' edQices closed from 10'to 12for the day. 'At noon shops are often locked, because owner is taking a siesta. . . < ;. " • A .variety of folks in our editorial party, Some are wise and some otherwise A few are ambitious to shine as wits. If some of these men are editors, I pity the patrons of the sheets they direct. Perhaps they have sharp city reporters. ; From the museum to the gallery of fine arts. • The.painting are by Spanish and, Mexican artists, and several noble pieces. A few Murillos. 'One huge ctfnvas represented Cortez stand_Ing_near Jlpnteznma,jrhose;f eet+are held over slow fire to force the captive king to reveal the place'of his bidden treasure, v • ::•'••'.' •;-.. For the benefit of my bpanish readers, I copy two notices: one 6n a wall: Eita prohlbido tocar los objetop. In English we say shorterj Post np bills. In the art gallery: Npn se permlte _fu- mar, or smoking not allowed. And yet JC'saw an official strlke »a Jnatch, _and walk away puffing a cTgaret. • In the gallery IB a full length equestrian figure of Maximilian. The horse is white and prancing, Max has light hair and full beard parted in middle, rather an imposing presence.\A tragic memory. I wish the unhappy man and Carlotta had not listened tb the syren voice of Napoleon, arid, lived quietly in their, Aus train home. A high honor at four. We were in- vitedta the-Palace, the winter Tesl- dence>f President Diaz,, and after waiting awhile In the ante-room, were ushered into the. large reception room. A door opened from another apartment and in walked the ruler of the, Mexican republic, ; ,As our ; .names iwere- mentioned be shook our bands. A good face, denoting firmness, intelligence, judgment, deliberation.^ Somewhat ruddy, hair and mustache white, In a short address he said he had faced cannon, but never so great an artillery of pens. A worthy ruler. He Is doing wonders for this long oppressed people. I believe in patronizing -the. native industries whenever convenient. Being thirsty thig afternoon, I saw a gentleman drinking .a glass of fluid, prepared at a rode stand by a young ghrl, I asked quanto, and ebe held "up her fingers, six centavos, or three of 'our cents. Into the glass she poured some fruit syrup, some fluid thick; with a small black fruit like pepper, and then milk and a piece of ice. She shook.all pp, and It was ready, and, lt> was very refreshing, sweet, cold,;and finely flavored. A Spanish name. Better' than any soda I eyejr drank;, We do not know all the good things in the north. I am told English is studied IB schools and that there Is a fair system of schools In Mexico. We meet many bright Ippking young boys with, books. I have no doubt io another'generation her schpplB, railroads' and general scheme of public improvement will dp wonders for thje-suaay land. „ Six p'olock. The Mexican editors give a reception from 8 to 10 at thia hotel, but I may be in bed, I think sleep will help me to tramp better tomorrow. Got a live dollar bill exchanged this a. us, for 1R7& Mexloano. SUB is setting and already cooler. W, W, DAVIS, ; Strike tot your sltaro and your flres, ; Strike tor the green grarcs of your sires,. God and your native latid I Here came Gen. Scott and our little army in September 1847, after Vera Cruz and Cerro Gordo.and just as SOQ years before, the ' Mexicans fought fiercest for their capital in the fights of Coiitrerafl, Cherubusco, 'Mdlino del E^yand Chapultepec. What backs these laborers have. You see men, atooplng under bales of alfalfa slabs of stone^gtone, jars coritalnlng ten gallons of water, boxes large as small prarios. At Queretaro we saw boys filling up a chasm with .dirt which they carried In sacks. But all do not work. You see plenty of loafers, standing or lying, the dirty blanket or piece of old carpet always around shoulders. This they sleep in. On cool, mornings they._hpld_o_Y.erl mTJmhTJcfkeeifout damp air; These blankets nearly, always red, but better ones of various colors. Everything seems to be dear here but dirt, men and cookies; Cookies, two for a cent, larger than those of Sterling bakeries, although flour ; is 88.00 per hundred. But articles of .value are high dry goods, jewelry.bats, shawls. They say it is the practice to fleece American /visitors,. charging more than they would a native. . A Mexican opal set with diamonds is very pretty, and I should bring several, of the jewels back for ,my •lady friends, but for one thing. Hand in the pocket here all tyme. .,'•'. 17 "A~land of The The numerous Inquiries which being received, relative to the tot profitable beet sugar production tn tfils state, Indicate that there is at present a. wWe-8pre«d Interest la tW» Industry in Ohio, the Ohio Experiment Stati6ii has repeatedly cultivated sugar beets for stock feeding pur|K>8®*< ftn<! we iiave hud no aifflcwlty in pro- flnclrlg 12 to 20 tons per atre under f*v- • orable conditions. The cost of production is considerably greater than In the case of the field crops ,ordinarilf grown In Ohio, but as with any other crop, the lowesl cost Is onjy Attained by experience, the fchlef dlfBculty the- Ohlo farmer will experience in the culture of sugar beets will be foutid la the thinning, but by c&re In planting the labor of thinning may be considerably reduced. In 1891 the U, S. Department of Agriculture .determined the percentage of sugar In large numbers- of samples of sugar beets, received from twenty counties In Ohio, an'd since that time the Ohio Experiment Station lias- analyzed a considerable additional mimber of samples. !, The results ty this work Indicate that beets may b& Bo grown as to contain a .sufficient percentage of sugar for profitable work- Ing, throughout the northern half of the state, wherever soil conditions ar0- suitable. The'.'cost'of buildings and t machinery and the working capital : r&- quired to start a factory equipped for the most economical manufacture' of beet sugar amount to a total not far short: of a quarter of a million dollarsv. and such a factory will require the produce ' of at least a thousand acres In beets for successful operation. The; production of beet sugar in Europe has been stimulated by a system of export bounties, until the-total product now exceeds that of the cane sugar product of'the world. Under this increase of turn you behold the yellow, dingy en pojaof an old Catholic .church. The people are devout and you meet .women on street with prayer books /and you see the beggars in their rags kneeling before the altars and dropping a penny in the charity box as they go out. ;•' : ; , "" ' : : .-'.; ,'•.-..; ' : ' •- '""• •.';' Climate not so clear here as some otberplaces.'^MiBty^yeveryrniorning.i yt'ai sight on account of clouds of Popo- catepetl. But at noon, bright always, and nine-tenths of the • city's 350,000 people v are in the sun's rays. , .'.'•.• '. • ;: -."-- ' W.W;DAVIS. Now York has fallen from an of ten and a quarter cents per pound In 1878 -to, four and a half oents for 1894. 'At present, sugar Imported into' the United States, except from the; Hawaiian Islands, pays an import duty of 40 per cent. ad valorem, with one- tenth cent per. pound additional on raft sugcjy and nearly one-fourth cent on refined sugar, .which has received an export bounty. ^ Notwithstanding .thjp. heavy duty k the importation of beet sugar seems to be on the Increase. Be- : cause of the possible great: importance- of this, industry to the farmers of Ohio, a bulletin is now being compiled by the Experiment Station at Wooater, which' ' will givo. the experience 'of other states- In the 7 production -of beet sugar, and the probable 'outlook for beet culture-' in . ' , Hlg-b Usoded. I , "I -don't: like a: friend to domineer over me," said the young man with the . patient disposition, ; : , . " Who has_ been .dping T that2''-~ -v^ "My .room-mate. ' He , borrowed my evening clothes.".'-' .., . ; "That's a good deal- of liberty." "J didn't mind It. But when 1 he .asked foi 1 my umbrella ,i : told him 'I inlght want to use it myself. But I got it Just the same." --•"•'- '.''•;' ••:••''-'•",•.-.•:''• ,. . 7 ''He eimply stood on his dignity and said: • "All right; have it your; own way. They're your clothes, that I'm trying to keep from getting spoiled}' not mine. "—Washington Star, v . . . Dime MuaeuTO Proprietpr— "What i« your liner! Applicant for Engage-; ment— "I, am a lightning ' calculator, ana——" "CJan't use you! Lightning calculators are so common that ' they have ceased to ' have any attraction whatever for the public," "But I 'am able to Instantly tell how many dayu tier? are In any particular month without repeating the doggerel, "Jftlirty,dayB liath' September,' and BO ; on. A I—-" «Nftme your, price, iny dear fellow! Name your price!"— Trutt^ i ' •••'.-' Hotel Itutbidt?, Feb. ,— Slosf t «iaw this a, w. thirty •"-. '' ' • •''•;' Found Edltor-ln-Chlef (to ftpplloant for position on the Dally Distress); "Dp yooj' have-' fltaT" Applicajit; "Alae, yuei't Editor: , "AW right, you can commence bera Monday. We w¥at fiuch a wan as you eeem to be to edit pur Cuban news."— Cleveland Leader. ...'•.. ./.- ': Plenty More, ^ 'i •••".''; '"You have won ft great many victories over the insurgents," said the Spaii- leh glneral'a. friend. "Yes," was tfie complacent reply, "and the beauty of Jt la that there seems to be plenty ispre where those came from."—Washington Star. „••.' ' •*• ' ,;'..'•'•' Ills Head, Obersteiu, Jr.—He eald he'd lick ma fpr two cents! ' , Obersteln, Sr.—Meln graeloufi wiwt dW you »ay, oiy sou,? , , Ober»t«ia, Jr.—I sia^ed sblia fo? & Methods of; Plowmg.-—Very : deep, plowing Is not necessary or even advisable to ( tot sod. Three or four-inch • furrow,' turned "while moist in early; ' spring, will rot more quickly and per-^ fectly than the same furrow, turned deeper.' But an Iowa farmer thinks he •' • has- found^a still better way. -That isi — to plow two furrows, first throwing the eod to a depth of > four inches, and folt lowing the same furrow with a stirring: plow, which thoroughly breaks, up tfie soil!,below the;•sod, and then throws five or 'six inches' of this soil over It, On land thus prepared he got a lar^e- crop of com without a weed, and, th,e ' next year the furrow to: the • entiifc depth of the soil stirred was •as mellow as an ash heap, and without fc trace of sod.. In this case probably the under soil was vegetable .mould anxt ' rich," anil" the "seafioa was .also' a" moist ~"~ one. ,We have seen many-heavy soda made unproductive by.turning yp toa much clay; subsoil with the sod. Som4- tlmes In a dry aeaspri.,^ spring-turned ,' eod will be found uprotted'at the'boV torn ol a deep furrow/when.clayey eub- sQil has: been thrown over ;it; In such cases no crop could be grown u&^ll the ..oldI Bod, entirely killed, though not T rptted, was turned to the surface and exposed to air, It then decompoe- esivery rapidly; but the deep-plowing mean's a year's loss of time,—Ex. Advantages of Canneries,--There is great competition in canning fruits an^ vegetaplea of all kinds. Farmej-s who have a notion to furnish some canning factory with .the vegetables" that they require will be generally surprised at f the pxtremely, low prices offered. It '' may pay'the Jwmer who has j» good •« retail trade established to grow more ' than his trade requires, aad market the surplus' to the cannery. • While no ona • 'has had much experience in grow- ' vegetables will be Inclined to tajke • for his entire. : orop7 tile prices which the cannera offer. It may prove a sort of insurance |p hln» that, however, the market m,ay be glutted, his surplus can . , always be, pold, at apme. price instead. * *, ot being a total loss.. 'P«rliap8 as good- '' a way an any fpr fruits a^ least Is foy each farmer who grows frolt largely to ' buy evaporators, and prepare to put as much as be can of his prodirct forox .wherejt can'be';' year.—^i? Hoot Work of Clover,—-clover, when It comea in eo regularly, la the cleaaalxig crop of v the> farm. The roots of this crop will do more towards aerating and loosening the BOH than is possible to be dose ^wlth« th e beat toole and tha JWgheat system of cultivation. Gras» of some kind Is always considered a renovating crop, but If aever in the rotation it ia allowed to perfect itself, It is ot ipdl|?we»t vajue, or If allowed to occupy ths land till it fall?, it i* <rf Iteelf of no jWMitte&l Vaiua i w the ro- M. Jaaxlso^ i« Country ' * few I

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