Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 6, 1949 · Page 9
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 9

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, January 6, 1949
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Page 9
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Wrf*^^^ EDITORIALS "No Entangling Alliance" Formula Being Dropped A STRANGE indication of the change in **• American international thinking is the untroubled acceptance of the idea of the North Atlantic military alliance. The advisability of the pact, it seems, needs not even be debated. It is simply accepted. A combination of the western democracies in a military alliance to oppose any hostile advance by Russia is in the making, with United States a principal party to it. Military alliance with foreign powers is a new development in our foreign policy. Heretofore in 2 World wars we have been "associated" with other nations on the same side in the fighting. But we have never before .had an offensive and defensive alliance; never before have we entered into an agreement to go to war if some attack is made on another power. We haven't agreed to such an alliance as yet, but no one doubts we shall. The need is too apparent; our relations with the communist world movement are too dangerous; our place in the common front against the reds is too demanding to hesitate or to quibble. QO we are working on preliminary details ^ with the Western Union countries of Europe, planning a joint army, navy and air-force which will be formidable enough to make the kremlin think twice. And it appears that the billions of dollars required for preparedness will come from the United States, painful as that may be to the taxpayers. For there seems nothing else to do. Moscow is implacable, scenting the possibility of world dominion. She wants no peace and will accommodate herself to nothing. And we, all of us, intend to fight for our way of life. We are allies in a common cause, jointly alarmed by the same threat, TjjWEN the great cost of organizing and -*- J arming the alliance that is so rapidly and so unprecedentedly forming will be less expensive than only a few months of warfare. A new world balance of power is shaping up, almost of its own volition. Nothing else is practicable. And none of us can afford to be caught unprepared again. 7948 Lynching Record A survey reveals that 2 Americans were **• lynched last year. This is 1 more than in 1947, 4 less than the 6 in 1946, 1 more than the lone lynching of 1945 and the same as the 1944 figure. Of course 1 lynching is 1 too many and this newspaper has long favored legislation to deal steraly with the problem. One of the 1948 victims was William H. Turner, a 26 year old white farm tenant of Meriwether county, Georgia. Charged with stealing cattle from his landlord, he was placed in jail but released for lack of evidence. Chased into another county by a group of white men, led by the owner of the stolen cattle, he was seized, beaten, and his body burned. For participating in this lynching, 1 person was sentenced to death and 3 were sentenced to life imprisonment. The other lynch victim was Robert Mallard, 37 year old Negro, also of Georgia. According to the Tuskegee survey report: "His apparent offense was that he had incurred the enmity of his white farm neighbors because of his prosperity. Motoring home late at night accompanied by his wife, baby, and 2 relatives, he was waylaid by a group of white men, who blocked the road and shot him to death." The lynchers have not yet been punished. The report points out that at least 7 lynchings were prevented by law officers during 1948. All were in southern states, where a total of 19 persons, all Negroes, were saved from death at the hands of a mob. These figures are recited here for the record. Without in the least minimizing the seriousness or the horror of the lynchings that do occur, we suggest that the extent of this violence sometimes is exaggerated during American debates on the civil liberties issue. A Troubled Peace N EWS of an impending truce in China's civil war sounds better than it probably will turn out to be. It will be a truce agreed to, if not dictated, by communists. Remember what happened in Poland under like conditions? And in Czechoslovakia? And in Hungary? And everywhei-e else where an attempt was made to compromise with communism? Look Out Below! THE FARMER'S DAUGHTER IT'S BEEN SAID: Laws and institutions are constantly tending to gravitate. Like clocks, they must be occasionally cleansed, and wound up. and set to true time.—Henry Ward Beecher. Any day when time seems to hang heavy on your hands, you may just as well face the fact that you haven't enough to do. A neighbor reports that in his home the Christmas turkey outlasted the Christmas tree. At any rate China's new premier, Sun Fo, is sure to be popular with the headline writers. Junior has it figured out that there are only 354 days until Christmas. The dollar doesn't go as far as it once did but, boy, it goes faster. Safety Memo: Safety follows in the footsteps OT caution. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Iowa Industries Clear Lake Mirror: Perhaps no other state in the union can boast of the increased industrial patronage that has been attracted to Iowa's fertile lands in the past few years. Around 300 new industries have been established in Iowa since the end of the war. Iowa's industrial income in 1947 amounted to $1,650,000,000 and its agricultural income reached $2,410,111,000. Making' Rain Northwood Anchor:. Some months ago the people of the country were vastly interested in a process to cause rain by sprinkling dry ice on clouds. It is worth noting that the United States air force, which has conducted experiments for 9 months has come to the conclusion that the process "isn't worth the effort." The experiments did not produce rain in amounts sufficient to be significant. Bipartisan Support Iowa City Press-Citizen: President Truman will deliver his inaugural address from a stand which the GOP 80th congress ordered, at a cost of $70,000, in the expectation that Governor Dewey would occupy it. We trust that Mr. Truman will find the republican platform more serviceable than Mr. Dewey did. Year of Decision Lake Mills Graphic: This is the last week of 1948, the year which 12 months ago was labeled "The Year of Decision." At a glance this year seems in many respects to have been the year of "indecision." The problems of the world are far from solved and chaos continues to spread. Yale Democracy Mankato Free Press: Levi Jackson, most brilliant back of the Yale university football team, has been elected captain for next year. He is a Negro, and his father works in the university dining halls. Yale's traditional reverence for democracy is no idle boast. Revamping G. O. P. Anthon Herald: When the members of the republican high command begin laying the ground work, for future plans they should remember that some erstwhile republicans were included in Harry Truman's "voice of the people" mandate Nov. 2. Desire for Peace Anthon Herald: What the world needs desperately is a more positive desire for peace. None of us. wants a shooting war but we are too willing to settle for a negative cold war status. Without Federal Aid Marshalltown Times-Republican: The best security in the world is good health combined with ambition and opportunity. Given those 3 a citizen can get along without government aid. More Talk Than Work Davenport Democrat: Some men spend 25 per cent of their time working and the other 75 per cent telling how hard they have to work. American Dollars Kiester Courier: There is nothing the matter with the world apparently, that cannot be cured by a sufficient number of American dollars. 1KSSS, f»tff"\ Observing BUT </Oft AT To Your Health! Roving Reporter From Our Mailbag SEES CHIANG AS DICTATOR M ASON CITY: Mr. Clough in his talk of Dec. 29 did not tell the listening public what the difference is, in Chiang's government, if you want to call it, and the communists. Our own General Stilwell in his papers, recently published, characterized Chiang as an ignorant incompetent dictator, surrounded by a bunch of political grafters, who have no regard, for the welfare, or rights, of the common people of China. The General forecast the very thing, happening today in China in '44. The administration and the state department I believe know more about China than Mr. Judd, who I believe would squander the taxpayers money and the flower of American youth on a useless war, to keep a fine race of people down. A dictator looks the same to me whether in silks or overalls, and I think it about time Uncle Sam quit playing Santa to a bunch of dictators, and international bloodsuckers if we wish to survive as a democracy. D. H. CROSS. Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Clear Lake—Second string center on the Coe college, Cedar Rapids varsity basketball team this season is Eldon "Tess" Leins, former Clear Lake high school star. He is particularly adept at snagging rebounds. Football is Lein's favorite sport, however. Arriving at Coe with a top notch high school record, he earned his letter easily in that sport as a regular left tackle on the Kohawk eleven. 20 YEARS AGO George Barrett and Archie Peterson have been presented with a certificate of appreciation for their part in promoting identification markings in Mason City for the aid of flyers by the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics. The certificate which was presented to the local flyers is signed by Harry F. Guggenheim, president of the fund, and Charles E. Lindberg, member of the board of directors. 30 YEARS AGO A firm to be known as the Mason City Battery and Electric Repair company will be opened up in the space formerly occupied by the Well£-Fargo Express company, 24 1st S. W., soon. E. V. Bartle, Amos Sigafoos and H. M. Gerhardt, all of Minneapolis, are at the head of the firm. 40 YEARS AGO Today A. M. Avery sent out 200 letters to farmers over the county asking for samples of their corn in 10-ear lots for the corn judging contest. Superintendent Mahannah reported that the county superintendents of Worth, Hancock and Floyd had each contributed to a $60 fund and will send competitors in the contest. One candidate may come from each school in the 4 counties, all candidates to be below the high school. By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. NEW FROSTBITE DRUG T TNTIL recently, deep and severe frostbite al'-' ways carried with it the danger of amputation. Where freezing was extensive, only the most timely treatment, plus- a lot of good luck, could prevent gangrene or death of the tissue. This was due, not only to the damage to the blood vessels by the frostbite but also to the tendency of the blood to clot in the damaged parts even after they had been thawed out, thus stopping circulation. Today, however, a recently- discovered drug called heparin has given us a wonderfully successful method of dealing with ™____«™_« such injuries. Dicoumarol might DR. BUNDESEN also be used. Heparin has the effect of slowing down the clotting of the blood; thus circulation to the affected part is restored because the blood flows more easily through the affected areas and gangrene is prevented. Treatment must be begun within 48 hours after frostbite and be continued for from seven to nine days if it is to be successful. It is also very important that during this time the affected part be kept at normal room temperature. The heparin is given slowly by injection into a ; vein once each day for several days. Every 12 hours the clotting time of the blood is determined, and an effort is made to keep this clotting time between thirty to sixty minutes instead of the normal three to five minutes. Frostbitten tissues are extremely susceptible to infection; hence, the parts must be kept dressed under sterile conditions with precautions much the same as those used in the treatment of burns. When the skin is blistered and areas of the skin are lost, dressings of a penicillin solution may be applied. In two patients with severe frostbite, treated in the way described, no tissues were lost except the nails. Experiments haye been carried out to show the value of the heparin treatment. For example, the legs of animals were frozen. If the heparin was not employed, the legs became gangrenous, but when the heparin was used, even a slight degree of gangrene was unusual. Human volunteers were exposed, for from ten to thirty minutes, to dry ice on the skin. The frostbitten areas, if the heparin was not used, became gangrenous. Immediate treatment with heparin, continued for six days, prevented any loss of tissues, and even when treatment was delayed for twenty-four hours, it was almost as effective. It is important, therefore, that the tissues be kept at room temperature before the heparin treatment is started, and during the treatment, since keeping the body either too warm or too cold before the heparin is injected may cause even more damage to the affected parts than the frostbite did. They'll Do It Every Time By Sam Dawson WHO GETS THE CREAM? N EW YORK, (#>)_ -The price of milk is too high — at least, a great many people are saying that these days. Certainly the housewife is — and so determinedly that the price is coming down in some places. And now some of the dealers, distributors, and farmers are saying it, too. This has led to contention in some quarters that if the sellers are suggesting a slightly lower price, it's to stave off a much greater price drop. Just as when any product's high price is questioned, in this case, too, everyone connected with getting milk put of the cow and onto your table is saying: "It isn't my fault. If you cut my share of the price of a bottle of milk, I'd go broke. I just make ends meet. Someone else must be making too much." What is each one's share of the price of a quart of milk? How is that quarter you spend for a bottle divided up — or that 20 cents if you live in more favored communities? How much do you spend for the fluid itself and how much for the convenience and frills of having it processed, fortified, packaged and distributed how and where you want it? There may be as many answers to those questions as persons involved in the dairy and retailing industries. But here is one break-down on who gets what out of the money paid for a quart of milk by New York residents, prepared by Leland Spencer, professor of marketing at the New York State college of agriculture: During 1948 New Yorkers paid an average of 24.80 cents a quart for homengenized milk delivered to their homes in bottles, and 22.10 cents at stores. At present they are paying a little more than that. The milk companies paid 12.55 cents a quart for the milk, on the average during the year. The dairy farmer got most of that. But he has his expenses, too. That is what happens to the price of a quart of homogenized milk delivered at your door, after the farmer has been paid: The milk companies paid 0.35 of a cent in various taxes and took 0.45 of a cent in profit. That leaves 11.45 cents for operating costs. Here is how the cost of handling a quart of milk breaks down, to make that 11.45 cents total: Handling and collecting in the country 0.60 of a cent; freight 0.80; pasteurizing and bottling 1.50; bottles and caps 0.50; selling and delivery 7 cents; central and administrative expenses 0.50; and miscellaneous costs 0.55 of a cent. Why does milk cost less at the store? Delivery cost is the greatest item, of course — it costs 2.90 cents to lay down a quart at the store, and 7 cents at your door. But bookkeeping and other administrative expenses are less for store sales, too. Profits are higher, though, at the store. The retail dealer usually adds about 2 cents a quart onto the price and gives himself the benefit of any odd fraction that may crop up. Me-* Home for Santa Claus , venture that an item re• c e n 11 y dispatched from Santa Claus, Ind., holds a special interest for one old gentleman reputed to make his home at the north pole. It's the one about plans for the construction this year of a commodious building in the Indiana village to take care of an increasing volume of Christmas mail. The American Legion post is in charge. Deluged by more than a million letters during the 1948 Christmas season—more than 250,000 of them from children—the Legionnaires decided to provide working space for an adequate reply department for Santa's helpers. The 1948 volume of mail is a far cry from the 12,000 letters received in 1938, the first year that the Santa Claus Post 242 of The American Legion took over St. Nick's job. During the 1948 Christmas season, countless mothers wrote to Santa here. They told St. Nick what they were giving their children and asked him to make it official. Santa's answers are in bright colors and are treasured for their authenticity and Yuletide spirit. The rush of 1948 mail swamped The American Legion's Santa Claus committee, which makes sure every Christinas that each pleading child's letter gets an answer. Members of the committee are all Southern Indiana businessmen. It costs about 6 cents to reply to each child's letter. The cost of stationery and postage is provided by contributions throughout the district in which Santa Claus is situated. Not all the children's mail is answered, However. A large proportion of the letters goes into the wastebasket because the writing is illegible or return addresses are lacking. Letters from foreign lands are answered in appropriate language by monks of the Benedictine Abbey of nearby St. Meinrad, Ind., who use the American Legion Santa Claus letter heads. All this work will be centered at one reply headquarters in 1949 in the new Santa Claus Post 242 home. March Toward Longer Life t picked this little table of ! "1 i f e expectancies" down through the centuries from the current issue of "Trustee," a monthly magazine published by the American Hospital association: Yra. Neanderthal man . (Prehistoric Af«) 18 Moses (1537 B.C.—?) 22 Charlemagne (741-814 A.D.) 3« Johann Sebastian Bach .. (1685-1150) 33.3 Napoleon Donapartr, I .. (1700-1821) 85 Thomas A. Edison (1817-1931) 40.9 Thomas E. Dnwcy (1D02- ) 49.2 Today's 3-year old (1915- ) 05.8 By Jimmy Hatlo OH-H?WHATA SCORCHING LETTER SIZZLENECK WROTE TO M^FUD & CO. WHEN A SHIPMENT OF GROMMETS WAS A WEEK OVERDUE- IS THE LAST STRAW/I aACED TriiS ORDER. 15 DA/S A60/ VOU CAN TAh£ youR &&.'® GROMMETS ONE &y ONE AND STRING 'EM ON NOODLES; SIZZLESIECK LIMITED WILL NEVER DO BUSINESS WITH M^FUD & CO. FIVE. MINUTES AFTER THE LETTER WAS POSTED THE SHIPMENT ARRIVED- corn iMt. KIWO rr.ATUREn SYNDICATE, IK, vaittt> xtcirr:; nn:iiv>:ii. "> THE PARCEL POST MAW is HERE WITH THE 6ROMMETS,MR. SIZZLENECK AND ATI THE HATLQ HAT TO /ZBMW SIXTH ] ST, OKLAHOMA cny OKLAHOMA Tojo 1 * Strange Bequest! ^ was interested in the curi- ^ ous bequests left by Hideki Tojo the other day when he went to his death on the gallows with a "banxai" on his lips. To his wife, Tojo sent his horn- rimmed glasses, his false teeth, his Buddhist rosary, and a poem. To the world he left the memoirs he had written in prison called "Discovery of Peace" and another "Will for the World," parts of which may never be made public because of the citations against the emperor. In Japan the husband is the unquestioning head of the household. His personal effects are holy. When the Buddhist prison priest, Shinso Hanayama, delivers this strange bundle of relics to the Tojo household, they will find a place in the family shrine. Probably nothing that the grim Jap war premier, whose brutality earned the nickname "The Razor," could have left would have been more typical than these mementos. In this country, a condemned man might leave a ring or a letter, but Tojo paid the highest compliment he could under Shinto code when he sent his wife his teeth, his glasses, and his Buddhist beads. To a Japanese wife these have a special significance. information, Please! 1. In India why are iron telegraph poles used? 2. Why does a wire break when it is bent back and forth? 3. What was the original name of the Hawaiian Islands? 4. The Indian chief's daughter, Pocahontas, married John Rolfe what name was given to nor just before the ceremony? 5. Who was the first secretary of defense in U. 5. history? Answers—1. Because wooden poles would be eaten away by termites almost overnight. 2. The molecules of the wire become tired, literally, of holding themselves together, snd separate. 3. SandwJch Islands, 4. Lady Rebecca. 5. James Forrestal, appointed under the armed forces unification act of 1947. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To STEVE PRICE—for accepting the chairmanship of publicity and promotion for the 1949 campaign of the Cerro Gordo county chapter of the American Red Cross. Price was appointed by Campaign Chairman Roy B. Johnson, who is mobilizing for the annual canvass which is to take place in March. Did You Know? Is the civil air patrol* still functioning? It is now an official auxiliary of the U. S. air force. It was organized on Dec. 1, 1941, under the office of civilian defense and 2 years later transferred to the war department. There are at present organized units in each state and in Hawaii. What is the birthplace of Dr. John Maxwell, the vegetarian party candidate for president in • the recent election? Dr. Maxwell was born in England. This makes him ineligible for the office of president of the United States since the constitution provides that the chief executive must be a natural born citizen. Are the giant sequoia trees of the west coast subject to attacks by insects? Because of the large quantity of tannin in the wood of these trees they are practically immune to fatal attacks, by either fungus diseases or insects. Where is the oldest formal garden in the United States? Middleton Place Gardens, near Charleston, S. Car., dating back to 1740, are the oldest. Are the women who join the army supplied with Bibles? Bibles are available to all army and air force personnel upon request. Are there any seahee units on active duty? .The seabees is a small but active unit in the regular navy. The unit numbers 4,000 men. On bills of what denomination will the new white house balcony be shown? The new white house balcony ordered by President Truman will be shown on the $20 federal reserve notes. The picture of the white house has been redesigned to show the balcony. Can mistletoe be made to grow in the soil like other plants? The roots of mistletoe cannot take food directly from the soil. The plant is a parasite that grows on the trunks and branches of various trees. Please define the term "underground" as it is used In reference to European politics. Underground is a rather vague term used to refer to the more or less secret resistance or guerilla groups, especially in German-occupied Europe during World war II. Their activities included military operations, espionage, sabotage and propaganda. How much is the Nizam of Hy- derabad worth? It is said that the Nizam of Hyderabad once attempted to assess his wealth but found the task too complicated. Informal estimates place his wealth between $2 billion and $250 billion. What do the Irish words "colleen" and "mavouraeen" mean? Colleen means a girl; a maiden; a blonde girl. Mavourneen is a term of endearment. It may be translated in many ways. Were visitors ever admitted to the Mormon Temple? Visitors are never admitted to the Temple. Just after it was completed large numbers of the visiting public togcth- Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeatures HERBERT BAYARD SVVOPE, born Jan. 5, 1882, "in St. Louis. After high school he became a reporter by } winning a $100 I essay prize from j a departm ent i s t o r e. On t h a i staff of the old New York World, I Swope cracked a famous murder I and police pro- j tection story, was c r e di t e d with making Whitman 'governor of New 1 York, became war correspondent and executive editor, then head of the Racing Commission and fabulous "man about town." er with a great many residents of Salt Lake,. not members of the Mormon church, were shown through the building, but since its dedication, April 6, 1893, no visitors have been admitted. What horse won the Triple Crown in racing last year? There was no Triple Crown winner in 1947; Citation won in 1948. The Triple Crown consists of the Ken-' tucky Derby, the Preakness and the Belmont stakes. Why is the sword of Damocles always shown hanging by a fine thread? Damocles envied the wealth and power of the tyrant Dionysius, in whose court he served as a courtier. At a. banquet Dionysius seated him beneath a sword hanging by a single hair to illustrate the'danger of a tyrant's life. Afraid to stir, Damocles was unable to eat and the banquet was a tantalizing torment to him. Mason City Globe-Gazette AN A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-323 East State St. Telephone 3BOO Entered as second class matter April 12. 1330, at the postoffice at Mason City. Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1870. LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER Adv. Mgr. Wednesday, Jan. 5, 1949 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PHES3 which la exclusively entitled to use for rcpub- U cat Ion ol all local news printed (n this newspaper a* well as all AP news dli- patches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clcnr Lako (Carrier Delivery Limits* ° ne ?«"• $13.00 On« week , 7 -2 5 Outside Mason City and Clear Lakr But Within ICO Miles of Mason City By mall 1 ycnr . $900 By mnll a months ] " ' 4^ By carrier per week 2S Outsld* 100 llllo Zona by Mail Only One year tiaoo Six- months 6™ Three months Z.50

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