Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 7, 1936 · Page 2
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 2

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Pampa, Texas
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Sunday, June 7, 1936
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Page 2
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f*AMPA DAILY ftfJWS, f>Aiap* f f eftaa 7, BUFFALO HAS BEEN SAVED BUT LONGHORN IS NEAR EXTINCTION PRESENT LONGHORN CATTLE CALLED BY J. FKAVK DOBIK. Th* buffalo as a. --.p'cies has b<-i»n S«v«d, but, the Irmghorn hr'-ff) of cattle Is very near extinction The i no j.' Vrrited fita>s government is at.-' tempting to preserve a small herd fflt longhorr.s cm the Wichita Na- tfon Forest Reserve near I-awtoi Olfla ; Louis Bchrelner has a few steers and rows OTI his ranch ai. Kerrville, Texas; here and there in the brush along the Mexican border and In F-Inst Tewis are some specimens. But nearly all of these so-called kmghorned cattle are degenerate*.. THe true lonrjhorn was distinguished j ranch. If, would have been by something beside- the absence of j to try to drive him out. high-grade blood. Of Jjpanl.sh origin, he was yet superior to Mexican CAttlc. Fie was bigger, rangier, and better proportioned. And during a swift, dramatic generation his breed became the most histore that the bovine world has ever produced. When trir civil war closed there were probably more than fi.OOO.OOO lotighorned cattle In Texas — and ^ there was no market for them. Hut; man named Roberts down In the brush country captured a steer bear- Ing a brand that had been discarded for 25 years. That means that the steer must, have been at least 2P> years old. Fiobf-rf.s had a water hole fenced in. Beside the gap entering the pen was a densely foliaged live oak ! tree. One day Roberts stationed | himself in this tree to trap out- j laws. After the big steer carne Into sight through the brush it wa.s an hour' before he got up to the gap. Then he smeller! along the entire length of each of the ten gap poles lying j on the ground. Then he smelled up and down each of the gap posf.s. No hand had touched the timber. Then he stepped inside. Immediately then he whirled, and for five minutes or more stood facing the brush, motionless, watching. Ffe did up. though, and after he turned and was finally drinking. Ftob'-rts dropped from the tree and reached for a pole. Instantly the outlaw 7/as racing towards him. Roberts stood his ground. At. a distance of If) feet the outlaw halted and began pawing the ground. Then he moved off, and Robert'-, barred the gap. Before he was tied flown the steer broke several ropes and It took all hands to secure him. He wa.s killed on the useless stipremp.ly represented the htm-j Charlie Goodnight kept htm on his dreds of thousands of his trailing i Coforado ranch. Cattle thieves man wonld roo^en the clapper on riffle." When they reached the the b<?lT, silenced during the. night; north bunk they felt like running. kind Tens of thousands of them| proved particularly active that win- b ' !es r.h-r strap. Then Blue would land faster and faster they crowded lii* ikiflf-t (« 1 !-ir \Af\ Vilw^(*iAl F TVv A rir\ -»ft t>rs«> A nxf r.«>wvr*>-i.A*i t*i*>^fyi n n^4 I^rty^ ^-ii-I^T- .'•'••••'•'(*-•• actually led himself. The ran^ejter. and co-wmen rode and had ilr auLlmjiy irM lljl!l.^r;ll . Jllr; I All^r; [,(jl MUU HJW1JIKI1 i UUK BI1U liiA'J llum.-i .,. , ^*. j —,, -t- *t. J &.-,*»* men called him "Old Blue," some-1 "cutting for sign" every day. One' #™ * "™* "' the head and a. switch | Old Blue. Two thousands horns times "Old Blue the Bell Ox." Pecos (.morning while trailing a little bunch i of the tail, sometimes throwing tnlclacJed and four thousand feet to the Arkansas river he was a fa- ! of cattle through the snow. Blue's j a low chuckling bellow to emphasize | roarsd. The frozen ground fairly I owner discovered him and a dozen j his pleasure and head north. Some j shook:. But if Blue was gentle he Charles other steers In a corral snugly hid-1 waddie wif.h a voice of the bugle , had the speed of a race horse. Still den In the middle of a thicket. Near! horn wonid call out, and the hi?'at the lead OL" his herd, he headed mlliar cha.rao.ter. from the patriarchial Goodnight, who BO years ago owned this noted steer, and from a few old hands who helped Colonel Goodnight, f garnered the facts of Old Blue's history. Blue was calved down on the Nuec.es, near the Texas coast. In the spring of IP/70. He did not get his name until he was four years old. 'or the. deep streaky blue complexion if his hair, which va/iueros called "morro." was not out of the ordinary among cattle that were black arid brown and red and yellow and brindled and pied and smoky and white and nearly every other color -excepting orange and green. Nobody ever found the proverbial white •:ow with a black face either. Blue's mother may have been wild but certainly she wa.s not an outlaw. Blue wa.s never, even as a, ca,!f, "snaky." At the age of three Blue 7/as put n a, herd bound for New Mexico. Its route wa,s o'/er the Goodnight- •/ing 'or Pecos) trail, 96 miles of which were without water. When the North and East needed The Texan?, did not ask for railroads. All they wanted was a. market. They knew that, their cattle could freight, themselves and fatten on grass along the way. Already j the Texans had driven herds to ' >f ewr, tflf . r of Orleans, Chicago, California, an-! 1 " elsewhere. In one season, the year 1867, the Chisbolrn Trail to Abilene. Kan., Was bla/ed and trodden deep. Year by year for approximately a. quarter century the trail was pu/-,h"d farther west, and extended v/h'.li many branches farther north. By the Mint the last, branch of the "Texas Trail" had been fenced across, about IR95, perhaps 20.000,000 longhorn.s had tracked northward. The native home of the longhom was not the plains, but the thick', t.s and prairie'; of Bout.h Texas. Heri; he wnr, an outlaw, oft.cn 'mossy (rough horned) with a<< fl . The rustling ability of these wll'l- rrat'ired longhorns became a proverb o f'he rang-". They could horn off the flercnst lobo wolf, smell out, th.i most cunning panther. They liked water, but could go for months without it. subsisting largely on prickly pear. During drouthy times In the arifl country below the Hueces and air.n^ the Pecas they used to grnz'v as far as 2". miles from water and not come in to drink oftener than every five or six days. "One. time." related an aged Mexican rancher, still living near the jfiiieco Tanks not far from the Texas- •ic.'U Mexico line, "I missed a. bis; mine for several v/eeks. The other cattle were poor; there WHS nothing for them to cat. They y/cre lust existing on the water at Hueco Tanks. I decided to look for that big steer. After ridlm; a, week I found him 25 rnlles away, and he was rolling fat. He v/as in a dagger country; the daggers v/ere In bloom, and all the moisture lie had been getl-iriK v/as from those da.gger flov/ers. I rlrove him home and killed film for beef. When I cut him open and examined his bladder, f Found it, hardly larger than nlckle sack of tobacco." F.vcry rilas.". of men and every class of Intelligent animals has It.!; sui . . , . . . . prcrrif! representative. 'In the char- be/Ore he v/as car/turcd to be driven l!|C , |( . r fjf o|f) A| , |mo of Emcrson he brush find almost let a u Qf a pf)k ,. r su , ,. over hi.,, before he would A( ,.,; t() , J( . n .. u , |n nlf n he did stir, the r ,oppng st/)r|( .,._ ,, C;iU| ,, ;jranrjR ... north. A v/ily old outlav/ would II'- down In the brush find almost let man ,rid« stir. When of brush could be heard for a rnlli Brush men kept docs l/i chaw outlaw longhorns. Cowboys called "brush poppers" or 'brush whackers" lay for them and roped them by moonlight, for only at night would they venture into the opening to Craze. BornctlrneK in n roundup one of the outlaws would not run or drive but would "gpt on the prod" right now— sltirf, riKhllni;, Then a cowboy might pull his six-shooter and fihoot the animal through the nose or horns, producing a pain that would take the Jli.'.hl, out of him may pronto. Many of the "mossy horns" could not be held even after they were caught. One v/ay to tleal with them was to neck two of them together. or else neck one to a. ijeritle ox. Another wiiy was to tie the head to a forefoot. 81.111 another was t« cut tha knee tendon; an animal r,o "doctored" could walk but could not run. A method (sometime;! employed to keep "snaky" cov/s from running off was to sew up their eye-lidn and thus blind them. By the lime they were gentle tin; thread would have rotted, uiifl they could nee agalji. Handling Much cattle without pern; or -fences war; not only labor for 'M hoiir a day but v/as a battle against tho ^lU'/.ardK of which no Insurance Hough's "North of company would insure n cowboy':; life. " Boweof the outlaw cattle achieved more than n -limn I reputation. As nil example, a brlndle fiteer branded ]J(ln() 1'i for nine yeiin; withstood all attempts to tllslcidije him from the rough country about the lieailwaten; of Devil's Ulver In Hoi.ithwent Texa.'i. Ho hud escaped vnrlous roundiipK, liiul been tied down a half do/,en tlmnn, iiiul hud even been driven Uiree 'or four limes to the uhlpiilnii pens at Colorado Ulty ISO mlleti ttwuy, ojily l-o cuunpi; and return lo his fair. In I'lHiH ills owner wild out, and -John Custei 1 , u, noted trail bora;, was Bent to gather the remnant. Thu bets, -were that "Old Nine it" would never- bo prodded over the tiitng- plunk Into a callle car. But CJiiKlrr, gapluml the outlaw. Oil tho trail to Colorado City he Wed. him every Might, and when the ut lhc, Nhipiilni.; penii were cloned, a i;rail yell from (lie Bpootuloi's went up. Word had none aheutl thai the Nine H bi'intlle win; CQliilng. anil more than !i() men were assembled to !>(•<'• him. "Old Wine H Is uulni; to roll 1-hJs tlino," Ihuy said. "Wuil," saiil Clisler. A freight engine pulled a ear up agulnst the loailiiiK clinic, and wlUi other sloeni Nine H, WUH crowded In. Tho "bull board" wan faiileiieil, the door was pinned .shut. "Old Nine H is gone now," a cowboy yelled. "Wall," Mild Ouster. Presently, while another car win; being loaded Ouster heard a commotion aheail. He looked. Nine H was racing across (lie prairie back towards Dovll's river. Home-how by hooking and kicking ho hail knocked tho door down and Jumped out. Ouster mounted hlii horse, look alter him, roped him, led him buck, put htm in another oar, ami lied him short In u corner. "Wow, you can suy." Ouster announced, "that Old Nine 11 IK nale." Nine R'B liberty, tor which ho had fought fio fiercely. WUH ul uu end. : Boirm of tho wuiiliome altiilued an age tliut, for cullle, la almost unbelievable. A few ycura dgo u ranch- In "The by Andy his book ol and in "The Blue-Roan Outlav/," by V/ill C. Barnes ''Tales From the X-[3ar Horse Camp") the Texas lom;horn has had literary representation. Hut on the range, known only tc range men, was a Texas steer that by was a pile of hides, the brands on which showed that they had been "peeled" from stolen cattle. Blue escaped having his hide taken off. however, and for very good reasons a certain gang of thieves never s would s'rin? ou*. Blue mun! i straight for the 20-foot gate that havn known the north star, he | opened into the big shipping pens, coursed so exactly. He was alwatrs j With a bunch of cowboys to cut "r'arins; to go" and. unless checked, he was apt. to walk too 'fast. When the pioneer herd reached another to count, and s, third to run the cattle up the chttte. they were loaded long before noon and on butchered another stolen animal on ! the Cimarron river, they found it ou i their way to Chicago—all but Old the Arkansas. | a rampage, but Blue shouldered into Blue. Tn the summer of '7ft the resfles- ' u - Rnfl aftf;r hirr ' "railed the thou- | Blue stayed with the remuda and ' d Goodnght Colorado and return uoioraao ana return to Dull m stakes te tne _^ , ,,.^ . Dodge Citv, a cold rin f and ths nf5rth There were 1.600 head of cattle fn! that first herd, and as they filed down the bluffs of the Palo Duro canyon they must have smelled buffalo. Below the pass that they cam, ! down, the canyo* opens out 10 miles wide, the bluffs on either side mak-: in? a natural fence. Out of . r . t . , ,» • enclosure Goodnight and his msn.!"p nl:i ? CM . E J!i es cIap P er anc i ta ' <e whooping and shooting, routed 10,000 buffaloes. The range men blocked up a few trails that led into the the herd approached the Pecos river j canyon, "rode line" dally to keep the after three nights and two days In i buffaloes back, and wintered the: .his fearful desert, the cowboys saw j cattle "in clover." Within 10 years! 2.000 dead cattle in the alkllo lakes; the JA brand, owned by Goodnight: east of the river. Those cattle, i and Adalr. showed on the sides of i thirst-maddened, had broken away \ 75 000 cattle and the JA range 'up from an outfit of Mexicans and had i and down the Palo Duro embracad pofsoned themselves with the alkali: a million acres of land, waters. The cowboys who handled A ranch nas to have an outlet for sand JA's. j ate hay while the cowboys warmed At the Arkansas river, just south! their stomachs at a bar and their wind was feet on the floor of a dance hall was blaci.; hard by. Then at Wright and Beverly's store next morning the wagon was loaded with chuck and sacks of shelled corn. The grains in those sacks were eay-colored—red. white, and blue, and on the road home Old Blue learned to eat corn: in fact, he loved it. After this firs; trip up the trail as bell ox. Blue's occupation for life was settled, but besides leading cattle to Dodge he was put to various uses. If an outlaw steer was roped out in the cedar breaks and had to be led in. he was necked to Old m man forP - fco ' s At red. "We'll have hell be- ight." About midnight a sleet and snow hit the sry man was on his horse. '. wanted to drift, but the them like a solid wall, there was a yell; the river." The. water was frozen out from the banks, but breaking through the ice and swimmin? the icy current, the big steers 'made the Blue, the pair was turned loose, and straight as a crow files the bell ax would bring him to headquarters. If a wild herd of cattle was to be penned. Blue was put with them to show them the way in. Wild cattle upon approaching a corral almost invariably circle and try to breafc away; but the wild ones could not break ahead of Blue, and his course was straight for the gate. Once inside a pen gate, range cattle will rush for the opposite side, pushing, hooKng, milling. Blue never got into such melees. As soon as he had brought the cattle inside the pen. he would step aside and. impatiently wait beside the gate until the last animal was penned; then he would bolt out. Once John Taylor and another cowboy took him up on the Cana- .dian river to bring back a pair of young buffaloes. They necked one on each side of him and. according to Taylor. Old Blue was the "maddest" steer he ever saw. He shook his head, utterly disgusted with the green buffalo yearlings. The three animals twisted about until somehow the buffaloes were on the same side. Then Blue struck a course. When he wanted to go to water with them, he went; when he wanted to stop and graze, he grazed. He got them tamed all right and'in good time he brought them into the Palo Duro, whcrft they were 1 turned loose to help make the famous Goodnight herd of buffaloes. For eight yeftrs Old Blue kept at his occupation of leading herds. Some years he went up the trail to Dodge City twice, His hoofs were as hard and bright as polished steel. All told, 10,000 head or more of the JA cattle must, have followed him and hl« bell from the Palo Duro to the great "Oowboy Capital." When he was 20 yenrs old he died. His horns mny b6 seen today at Canyon In that wonderfully interesting and revealing museum sponsored by the Panhandle-Plains Historical society and the West Texas State Teachers college. Incidentally this museum is one of the few educational projects In Texas that seem to belong—be In place—to Texas soil. It fits its setting and expresses the very genius of the people who have built it. Old Blue was a Texas longhorn. In his way he was as truly a pioneer and trail blazer as the cowmen who owned countless herds of his kind and the cowboy who trailed those herds Into wilderness ranges. It will be a loss to civilization if the breed is not preserved from extinction. Next: "Riders of the Stars." Blue's herd knew how to manage netter. and of the 2200 cattle that left the Confirm to make the dry- drive only 75 fell by the way. Above Horseheacl Crossing on tho Peeos the Comanche Indians swooped clown one night, stampeded the Its stock. The outlet for the Palo i Duro was Dodge City, Kan., 250. miles north. It was October 2/5, i 1878. that a herd of 1.000 JA steers! headed northward to trample down , the grass over a route thenceforth i known as the P^ola Duro-Dodge City cattle, and got away with 600 head.! trail. In a sharp brush next day seven or' Old Blue was at the. head of the eight warriors paid for those cattle 7/ith their lives, and there was one more cov/boy grave on the lone prairie. The remainder of the herd, about 1,500 head now, went on a hundred miles and were sold to the famous John Chlsum at his Bosque Grande ranch. The Apaches were fierce that fall, and one morning a. cov/- found Blue v/lth an arrow in his rump. The arrow v/as cut out; the sore healed quickly. The next .spring Charlie Goodnight, bought him and 5,000 other steers from Chiwim, cut them into two herds, and trailed them on up to the Arkansas above Pueblo, Colo. Blue went In the first herd. He was a mature beef now, four years old. 'He had seen a lot of the world and he was a horn leader. Every morning he took his place at the point of he herd and kept it. Powerful, sober, and steady, he understood the "point men," and in -guiding the herd v/as worth more than half a dozen extra, hands would have been worth. Tnstcad of sending Blue to leed Indians at an agency in Wyoming, (is he sent so many other steers, herd. But this trip was different from any trip that any other lead ' steer had ever made. Many ranchmen drove horse herds with a bell mare to lead; Blue's owner had decided to drive cattle with a bell ox i to lead. The bell v/as brand new, with green stain and red label fresh upon it. The collar was clean and shiny and had the wholesome smell of fresh leather. When Blue got that collar around his neck and heard the Hng-llng-ling of his bell, he was as proud as a ranch boy stepping out in his first pair of high-heeled boots. The cattle son learned to follow the sound of Blue's bell. After leading a thousand steers all day Blue believed in taking life ' carelessly. He would walk into camp right among the pots and pans and eat pieces of bread, meat, prunes, anything that the cook would givn him or the boys could steal from the | cook. He became a great pet. | The trail work followed a v/ell j established routine. When it wa.s time to hit the trail after the early morning's grazing, Blue nosied out toward one of the point men. This Below Foods rees are SAFE! After exhaustive tests extending over s'everal years, the United States Department of Agriculture recommends that unsealed foods held for human consumption be stored at a temperature below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. A few simple summertime observations convince you of the wisdom back of this recommendation. It is common knowledge that tainted, moulded, or spoiled foods to cause certain severe discomforts, and not infrequently, serious illness especially among children during 1 the hot summer months. Your Electric Refrigerator Dealer can positively guarantee that his refrigerator will constantly hold a uniform temperature below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, no matter how hot 'the weather. It is important that you be assured of this point. Electric Refrigeration also gives you two kinds of cold. Dry cold and moist cold. Different foods require different moistures as well as a constant below 50 degrees temperature. Be sure that the refrigerator you are using can guarantee this constant temperature. 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