6A OGDEN, UTAH, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 3, 1971 ED I TORI A LS Does Utah Qualify as 'Forest' State? 26 Per Cent of State Is Woodland! Would you believe that more than a quarter of Utah qualifies, by official definition, as woodland? We surely didn't But a detailed check shows that of the 54,346,240 acres contained in .-Utah's 84,916 square miles, 14,955,000 acres contain either commercial timber or a blanket of pinon pines and juniper trees! Herd to swallow? Well., don't feel ashamed of your lack of knowledge. We put the same .question about Utah's woodland acreage to several professional foresters. And none believed that 26 per cent figure, either, until they studied the charts and statistics. We're using this to point up a general lack of understanding by. millions of Americans, particularly those of us who live in the Mountain West, on the basic subject of forest management. " We were led to a consideration of timberlands .and woodlands because of a publication called "People, Trees and the Press," put out by the American Forest Institute. We recognize that this institute is dedicated to the cause of promoting the forest products industry. . We know, too,, that this industry has come under heavy fire in recent years from extremist conservationists, particularly over the controversial practice of harvesting by "clear cutting," removing all growth from given areas. So. admittedly, we read the slick- paper publication with the recognition that it was biased toward the industry's point of view. ; To check its reliability, we seized upon a table of statistics detailing the distribution of America's 758 million acres of forest and woodlands, 'about 75 per cent as much forestland as existed here when Columbus landed." Of the 14'.9 million acres amazingly listed for Utah, we found that of the 9.1 million acres in our state controlled by the U.S. National Forest Service, 4.8 million acres are rated as "forested" land. • It's no inconsequential asset, either. The more than 30 sawmills in- our state cut 49.8 million board feet of timber in 1970. It has a stumpage"—in place —value of $349,061, but after it was harvested and hauled to point of use it had a market value of $5 million. Then we turned to the Bureau of Land Management, which is responsible for 22.7 million acres of Utah. The ELM lists 540,000 Veres of its holdings as commercial timberland and more than 8.2 million as pinon pine and juniper woodland. However, ELM sales brought only $8,000 in revenue, including sale for fuel, fence posts, pine nuts, Christmas trees and Joshua trees for decorations. Permits valued at an additional $16,500 were given free to individuals cutting trees for personal use, not for sale. When the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management's enormous acre- ages are added to the 1.5 million acres of woodlands—again, mostly pinon and juniper—held by the Bureau of Indian Affairs and by private owners, it brought the total to the American Forest Institute's figures of 14.9 million acres or 26 per cent of the state. -,'••' Do pinon pine and junipers really count as woodland? YQU bet! Not in the same sense as trie high stands of Douglas fir in' the Tacific^Northwest. But they're trees by any definition. And their aesthetic value 'and their worth for recreation, watersheds and. wildlife cover can't be discounted. With this point proven to our satisfaction, we feel some of the institute's other facts of importance about the forests, large or small, are worth passing along: . —An OLD forest, filled with over- mature trees, consumes as much oxygen - as it creates and contributes no net gain in wood fiber since it has stagnated. —-An average acre of vigorously growing YOUNG trees in a commercial forest consumes 5 to 6 tons of carbon dioxide (given off by animals and humans) a year, gives off 4 tons of fresh oxygen and produces 4 tons of new wood. —The net cooling effect of a young, healthy tree is equivalent to 10 room- sized air conditioners, operating 20 hours a day. Air may be as much as 20 "degrees cooler under the canopy. Broadleaved trees,.incidentally, such as the oaks and maples on Utah's hillsides, are more effective in this vital air purification process than pines-and firs! — Through transpiration, the process a tree uses to pour moisture through its leaves or needles into the surrounding air, the combined cooling and humidifying activity of a forest is roughly equal to the same area of ocean. —Until 1925, only 1.6 million acres of forest in the United States had been planted by man, not counting the millions of acres planted through natural regeneration. This year, alone, man will replant more than 1.6 million acres, in publicly-owned forests and on privately- operated timberlands. —In 1950 the - average American used only 50 pounds of paper; present consumption per capita is between 560 and 575 pounds; by the year 2,000, the individual average will be about 1,000 pounds. .—Forecasts of timber needed for construction by 2000 range from 21.3 billion cubic feet to 26 billion cubic feet. —Processes for recycling paper are still more expensive and less efficient than those for making paper from new wood fiber and recycled paper still must usually be bolstered by unused fiber because wood fibers lose strength each time they are reused. —The forest products'industry, owns only 13 per cent of the commercial forest, compared with 28 per cent held by the government and nearly 60 per cent by individuals. Yet, the industry's forests produce one-third of the nation's timber because of careful re-forestation and management policies. If the American public understands some of these facts and figures, we feel that it will help guide both industry and government in conservation of our valuable timber resources—a conservation that should be marked by careful management, harvesting of mature trees and planting of cleared acreages to provide for the future. - JOSEPH ALSOP DtiMbuHd b r LA- Tnnw S 'WEU-THERE'S THE LINT IN MY POCKET' Russian Gunboat Diplomacy Uses Arab-Israeli Conflict KUWAIT— If a mad Treasury Israelis both managed "to. look official left several billion, alarmingly tough as well. dollars in currency with- no Since then in both Egypt and protection at all in the middle of the Sudan all the more! im- a public street, you would ex- portant Soviet agents have been pect someone to grab for it. rudely rounded up and jailed or That will soon by the situation shot by. Presidents Anwar El of the Persian Gulf where the Sadat and Gafaar el-Ni»eiry. British are departing to leave Since then, too. Britain's behind a total vacuum of power. Conservative government has Hence it- is rattier vividly confirmed tiie Labor govern- interesting that you can already men • * lunatic earher decision see signs of the Soviets getting about leaving the Persian Gulf ready to grab for this Behest ?. .defense-vacuum, at the 4nd of area on earth, soon to be ^ y ear - ; . wholly undefended with all its NEGATIVE EVIDENCE inestimable strategic im- what then could be 'more pprtance. They are tenuous natural than for the Soviets to signs as yet. But they are well start phasing out the tactic of worth thinking about. militarily backing the Arabs— In order to see the signs you especially the troublesome have to begin by asking yourself Egyptians— against • the what has been the object of the dangerous Israelis? . What '.could really enormous Soviet in- be more natural, in fact, than to vestments in Egypt and other shift, the main Soviet thrust to Arab client states in the last the prize of prizes in the Middle decade. The aim, surely, has East, the defenseless Persian not been to secure justice for Gulf? I the Arabs against the Israelis. As yet the evidence that this No one can be fool enough to is what is going on is largely • suppose that the masters of the negative. Yet -it is very im- Kremlin give a snap of their pressive evidence. To -begin fingers for the Arabs. with, the Soviets have I quite SOVIET INVESTMENT certainly been urging Egypt's v <. 1 J - * - , t fc President Anwar El Sadat not Yet the Soviet investments to renew tte fighting along the have been truly staggering— Suez Canal . 1,000 tanks for Egypt alone weakentag of 5oviet WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND Government by Surprise Raises National Havoc . . i before the Six Day War for sup ort ta ^ lea > ves Pre £ ident , u - instance, and then another 2,000 Sadat ^ main cnoices jj- Peking surprise, the economic tanks when the first thousand dia*«,rd the Soviets and: e ov an announcement was a double were lost in 1967. So what has fhTfSe rfekSI stm blow to the Sato government, been the aim? almost Sfdlflat bV the answer is ^ y simple. IsS. H he chole/ fhfe rational *** has been cou™* * ver y Arab « thelwhole * use fte bitter Arab-Israeli Mddle Bait will - blame the No 3-President CMlflict to ? nake - toe Sovi ? t defeat of ** By JA CK ANDERSON the trip, Before, were ,ever ^^ SrS'aT £ WASHINGTON -President "staffed out", uw> Camboia_ without iakmg only pra ctical way to attain this bitterness will benefit', the Nixon hugely enjoys the drama The professionals would have congressional leaders in,o Jus ^ to ^ rt the Arabs Swiete ^ d h e confidence. Since wars are „„„,•.„.<. T ™,«I „£* +~ „„<* +1,* ,u-,v;.~T.f J v • * against and decisively. 01 nueiiupuiiK «uu IIBIWUI& —o—-~j advised, for one thing, IH _l £ n . o ^,,.,7.,..,,,) >,,, agcmu>i isiaei auu LU u<«n. uic uecisiveiy. television programs with some that the Japanese te consulted. »>»0|eJ jo "l-S fcitae We!tem " atiolls ' "^ K P<* iaJ 'y <" Sadat ran make the second ^ss^s& s ?sasis±ftftg sassygRi.'ssx 1 ' as faa*.? KSS ra.Asp.rr r SSJE-TSSS ^ss»r' s ^ j-g^.^-.-g s sBs^tfejs ieopardized the supporting the Arabs against this road, the Suez Canal will be legislative the Israelis was vigorously reopened six months -after pursued by the Soviets without Sadat's "interim agreement" regard to cost until about a has been signed. The -short JADED PUBLIC year agQ g ut a SQr - ies O f events route will be cleared at. last, Not only government officials then'-seem to have caused the from Odessa through; the of interrupting all network .t; uiueiiy uiuueuuic*. ~—.r-~--—~ - .—-— —- — -— ~ Critics are muttering that the so severely tnat Japan has relationship. The President has jeopardized the "^cautious moves^with- gs^^has national welfare'for the sake of draw from the L.S. _. momentary political impact. He and go its own way in Asia, withholds dramatic new policies Surprise No. 2—The President from those who should be announced his economic about- consulted for fear the word will face without consulting some of but the public at large lias Kremlin's planners to take a Mediterranean,, the canal-and leak out and spoil his surprise, his own.economic advisers who become unsettled . by the' new look * the Red Sea. Thus Soviet fraval Here are some cases in point: were still marching in the Other President's penchant for pi^t of all despite mountains power in the Indian Ocean will Surprise No. I—Only his direction. But the effect on the government-by-surprise. He has O f brand-new Soviet weapons be automatically multiplied by closest associates had any Western world of our pulling the presented new policies so often, Egypt's Gamal Abdel Nasser a factor of about 10. ' advance inkling of his dollar out from under it, without each with the flourish of a W as roundly defeated when he The whole pattern makes preparations to visit Peking, advance warning, was wren- Hollywood extravaganza, that began his "war of attrition." In unpleasantly sound hard sense State Department experts, who clung. ,. is • ^ the public is getting jaded. September 1970 the Syrian from the Kremlin's viewpoint. It are paid by the taxpayers to Two of our staunchest friends, He has kept coming up with armored forces 'also attacked leaves, a final question! con- analyze such moves, weren t Canada and Japan, A publicly new programs- each more across t^ j or don border with cerning the prospects for Soviet consulted. The implications of threatened retaliation. After the dramatic than the past: a New f esults ^^ - were ghastly gunboat diplomacy here in the Federalism, a New American enough to make any Soviet staff Persian Gulf which is so .happily Revolution, a New Economics, O ffi cer think twice about Arab accessible from the Indian and now a New Prosperity Yet clients'. And in that September Ocean as well as so •. con- little seems to change, and the Qfefe President Nixon and the veniently defenseless. ;new policies seem more fluff .. . : ._ than substance. The 20 YEARS AGO 50 YEARS AGO Details of a serious sewage All brick and stone buildings SU spect PU tferefore be fSt ill wh a0 t VIRGINIA PAYETTE treatment and disposal problem « S?'?? 1 ?' srna ^ ha f )1 ? tT ? f . e ?, r ' Nixon is really seeking is a New confronting Ogden and neigh- werfabSdoned after toee Campaign Slogan. - „ B~~>*a Mrt ^/0/an Hllft boring communities were additional earthquakes struck HEBERT'S RECORDING DOOXt?, IVO *JI Ccp I IUi I outlined before city com- the town, increasing damage Callers trying to reach House missioners. Engineer Win wrought by tremors several Armed Services Chairman F. Temnleton after an 18 months' davs a g°- A school house was Edward Hebert should be Zj •'* +>, TY, nB f /-ritinai wrecked. Great white seams forewarned that the wily old sway, said tne most critical opened in - near b y mountains as swamp fox records his ,, , T , , . U1 . .. ,. , problem was that raw sewage is ladslides moved into canyons, telephone conversations. Looks like maybe_I've been might appear /n^the nations passing through Ogden in the ^^ T v ._ t _ thn mocf When we reported he had Weber River after it is collected Any Gal's Sex Appeal put listening to the wrong medical press clubs at high noon. hgat on && Navy to settle a advice. Or else (and I hope no But, operating on the theory ' WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY JR. Competition Remains Friend Of Consumers on Air Fares - Prof. George -Stagier of the University of Chicago, who along with John Kenneth Galbraith. writes the most eloquent prose in the English-speaking world on the subject of economics, has the advantage over Galbraith of being more often right than wrong. And one thinks of him, apropos of the great trans- aitlantic air-fare war. He ended an essay a few years ago by saying, simply, that notwithstanding the rise of technology, competition remains the greatest friend of the consumer. -.The critics of the free economy are forever telling us how much extra money we pay. out every year to feed the monopolists. Sen. Fred Harris, who is running for President, recently tossed out .the figure one hundred billion dollars. Asked ex-- »ctly how to explain that, he fumbled about, unable to come up with many illustrations of prices artificially sustained. He • might have mentioned the airlines. But of course,it would have been an inappropriate mo- ment to do so, precisely because the air war is really on. GREAT SCRAMBLE The initiative of Lufthansa, which has simply refused to be governed by the international body that has been setting air fares ever since the World War, has caused a great scramble, and yelps of pain from overburdened airlines. It is not an argument against TWA or against Pan American to suggest that if there, isn't enougn business to sustain the two-of them on competitive routes, they should merge. Ten years ago wthen the situation looked rosier, Pan American executives were whispering that they would like to be permitted to fly a passenger to England for one hundred bucks. At the time. Pan American was allegedly blocked by BOAC. BOAC. a nationalized .airline, was struggling along inefficientr ly, developing its own redundant airplanes for the sake of the national pride. At one point, a member of the House of Commons observed that it would be of net benefit to taxpayers of Great Britain if they would offer 25 pounds to every potential client of BOAC as a bribe not to fly BOAC. But the English were very stiff on the point of not permitting the fares to decline, and word finally wafted in that no airline that undercharged its passengers in such a way as to embarass BOAC would be permitted to land in London. If one plans to. fly to England arid is told one cannot land in London, that-tends to put one off; and so the English had their way. Now it is the Americans who reach out for protection. It is unlikely that the United States government will intervene with threats to forbid Lufthansa or the other airlines from setting down at Kennedy Airport. That is the kind of pressure we may yet use against the supersonic airplanes now, being developed. But if we invoke it, it will be in the name of Ecology, not protection.' As. it stands, the American airlines will need either to improve their efficiency, or to merge. A decade ago, William -Rickenbacker proposed,, that the airlines solve their problems by selling wholesale'.' their entire seating capacity ait public auctions every six months -or so. -The buyers would then handle the tickets much as theater agents handle seats for Broadway plays. Ernest L. King, for the past VVCUCl -I-VIVGI GLUC1 J-l, J.h] \,wli^.wt^w- . <=>' , - 41 UIC I.^v w.. _. —-^ — - ---, -. t_, - - from the South Ogden disposal ye ? rTth , e superintendent of the « 73 5 million claim from Lady Libs are listening) Ive that there must be something line. Salt Lake Division of Southern Avonda i e shipyards in his got to decide whether to be a about writing that encourages „ , _ . Pacific Lines at Ogden left for native Lou i siana h e denied it fascinating female ... or a drinking (other than staring at Forty Red Cross nursing Portland on the Overland a]1 and assaulted us with good writer. that blank sheet of paper}, he representatives from 11 Nor- Limited to assume superin- Clustery epithets And while I realize the two has decided it's the fact' that them Utah communities tendency of the Portland As evidence of'our perfidy, he are not mutually exclusive, you alcohol lessens inhibitions-: and gathered here for a conference Division. released a transcript of his have to admit the evidence is f 0 ster s exhibitionism, of which with Irene Thompson of San nc tests of n^ so i_d in Qgden t e 1 e p h o n e talk . with my contradictory. ^ _ writing is a form. (It is??;) UJB reaped ' standlrd 53 ^ apparently Hebert failed to edit Female chauvtoist pig tot I opinj | n ^ at a ^ b ^ ^ Tnere was snow on Ben flying colors, according to John it carefully enough. For it am, I tore always <gera»d gives a writer more self-confid- Lomond's peak, a cool reminder Felt, city milk inspector. Top verifies exactly what we wrote on thei theory _that; a,gaJ who - ^^ promotes fantasy-(I'll to Ogdenites that balmy days in honors for . butter fats and In *e t ^^. Hebert does her aarnedest to-teen.wha, say!)) an d might even gfv e -him the immediate future will be solids, as well 'as cleanliness, admits he called Gordon Rule, looks she has (meager tiiough enough courage to . , , - ,, .._.• -i__ , i_ -r,.._-t__ T^-= ' -HIO i\r^i7i;'c; contract watchdog, they may be) gets along, bet- t-.~~t i — _«;_r..i .... services for the somewhat in the minority. went to Purity Dairy. , *£*»£>** The need for early and ex- Ogden theater owners joined .Avondale and a subcontractor just give up and let it all hang tensive repairs to walls and colleagues from throughout the Delta Marine. Hebert also out. other exterior portions of the state in calling an Oct. 6 concedes he urged Rule to get Which is why I took it to half-century-old Ogden Carnegie meeting to carry out • public « t h i s thing"-meaning the heart a while back .when I read ™ S avs r Library building were discussed desires in eliminating un- whole $73.5 million claim- where one doctor thinks the two "f_f.Sf' r by members of the library desirable pictures and un- "expedited." things that ravage a woman's 5 board and city commissioners, desirable actors 'and actresses. This, savs Hebert, was not sex appeal fastest are (1) booze • " Or maybe it's the othe Writing can be one of loneliest jobs in the v^orld, con- pressure. BERRY'S WORLD rte Now he insists he didn't know By Jim Berry the Delta Marine and Avondale claims were tied together. The old codger must be getting forgetful. On December 1, he signed a letter in which he states clearly the Avondale and ^™ l "•# Delta Marine claims are linked. oon c rau H e joined three other „„. , ,. ;ffi? fakltimf! Now, and (2) not enough sleep. NQ GREAT MIRACLES John Chafee T with another P° int of bending over a typewriter all day. '. * up mar- -_ / N ° LESS C , HAIN j , And the , Good %vriting involves anjend- less chain of small decisions: 'produced any P luck Fg the jjght ^word ogt of Yet Men still the air .. adding this sentence . . .taking that paragraph^ out. room. -Difficult, frustrating work. \ This might be what brings on the insomnia. Asleep vs. beauty . . . remember?) He s^aysiwri- notoriously bad sleep- at mv fee comes a P s y chia - nressure . : • fE) 1971 W NU. l~-. v "I've got news for.you;Frederick.-.I don't WANT to know how to understand the 'gold crisis'." Their letter specifically names toLd V °thfS'%a!Ss S wS' oVthe-drinking 'Mt" it .just ers because, although aeyican hp P -rirnn?ntV ^Indirat^ » ™W< he savs ' be a useful to<>1 tUr " OUt * S U 8 ht ' ^^ ^ Yet Hebert deS this was for ****>* And. more pariicu- turn off the wheels. ;, , larly, -great writers. ' Plots . . . phrases . .% sbcko Not that he's plugging it, endings .. .• all keep bubbling in you understand. He's just ex- their brains. And thafsvwoere In the transcript, Hebert plaining why it seems to be a drink (or two ... or ftrse .admits he was., called; by helpful. ... or -more) helps temporarily. Avondale. President Henry p or proof, he tosses in the Or at least some writers think •Carter,, who. was .pressing to get.'.drinking habits of the seven it does. 'the $73.5 million-claim settled. American writers who've snag- Well, it's not that I hahker Hebert admits, the transcript g e ^ the Noble prize for litera- after a Nobel prize (that'll be shows- that he called Assistant, ture. Four were famous alcoho- the day) ... or the Miss Anaeri- Defense Secretary Barry ShiUito i; Cs ... . and the fifth (oops!) ca Crown (granny division)' but and urged him to look into the drank heavily.' . if one has to choose I think matter. ... This set the psychiatrist to I'll stick with the black coffee Hebert 'says this also didn't thinking. Which came first, the and early-to-bed bit. constitute pressure. ' ' bottle or the book? Did the Think how demoralizing it In the recording, Hebert writers produce their master- would b e if I turned to alcj>hol acknowledges he and Rep. Hale' pieces in spite of a few snorts to help produce the G«at Boggs, D-La., summoned Navy too many ... or because of it? American Novel — and it tuined officials to Boggs's' office to He cops out right away with out to be a stinker. That could discuss the claims with the the obvious: not all writers are drive a body to drinkjight Avondale executives. lushes, no matter. how things there.
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