Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 7, 1949 · Page 23
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 23

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, January 7, 1949
Page 23
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EDITORIALS Communist Organ Invites "Achievement" Comparison T OOKING back over 1948, "Pravda," -^ principal mouthpiece of Russia's communist party, sneers editorially at "the American way of life." It goes without saying that the same aneer will be echoed in the rest of the Russian press. That's the way it always is. "What achievement over the past year can the gentleman capitalists boast of?" Pravda inquires. "In vain do the troubadours of the bourgeois press yell of the attractions of the so- called American way of life . . . The world crisis is undermining the rotten, ramshackle edifice of the bankrupt capitalist system . . . Time is on our side, working for us . . ." TT7ELL, it seems to us that the one fore* * most achievement of the "American way" is that if we, over here, don't like the way our government is run, we can grumble at it and berate it roundly, a privilege that Pravda, for all its sneering, does not enjoy. And some other achievements worthy of mention are reflected in these questions: Does Russia care to compare its industrial production with America's in 1948? Does Russia care to match its 1948 scientific progress with that of this nation under the "bankrupt capitalistic system?" How 1 many homes were built in Russia last 'year? Did Russia extend the gentle hand of charity to a single other nation? Did Russia give a helping hand to the men and women of other lands who were their foes in the recent war? Are. Russians better-fed and better- clothed than the citizens of the decadent democracies which they scorn ? Could Russia—in 1948 or any other year —match the Berlin airlift? And could Russia's dictators, so smug and outwardly confident of their internal and external power, weather a free election such as America's in 1948? "YX7HAT achievements over the last year *Y can the gentlemen capitalists boast of?" Not as many as we would like, perhaps. But we would be glad to match our achievements, humble as they may be in the light of the long-time march of mankind, with the achievements of soviet Russia, Look Out Below! THE DIVORCE EVIL This is just a little note of assurance to the weather man that North Iowa isn't going to feel slighted if at some time in the future he misses us again with one of his regularly scheduled blizzards. IT'S BEEN SAID: He who gives up the smallest part of a secret has the rest no longer in his power.—Jean Paul Richter. Making peace with the communists, in China or anywhere else, is like making peace with a boa constrictor in the basement of your home. A North Iowa contemporary observes that marriage brings music into a man's life. He learns how to play second fiddle around home. When you run out of other objections to any proposed legislation, you can always fall back on this one: "It's loosely drawn." Balzac had something when he observed that success is nothing but a good idea coupled with some hard work. Safety Memo: Preach safety — then practice what you preach. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Price Index Marshalltown Times-Republican: The wholesale food price index, according to Dun and Bradstreet is at an 18-month low. The current wholesale cost for 31 items in general use, on the basis of a pound of each, stands at $6.21 as compared with $7.02 a year ago. That substantial drop at wholesale is bound t'o be reflected in retail prices of food. Pay Raises—With Care Cedar Rapids Gazette: We believe that most Americans who have done any thinking on the subject will agree with former President Hoover that we underpay our president and vice president and that the salary scale is too low in many other levels of the federal government. In 778 Languages Lake Mills Graphic: The British and Foreign Bible society reports that it now publishes the Scriptures in 778 languages and dialects. The diversity of languages will not do you any good unless you take occasion to read the Bible in your own tongue. Fewer Marriages Marshalltown Times-Republican: Statistics are beginning to come in showing fewer marriages in 1948 than in 1947. And it was leap year, too. Are the girls becoming shy? Cost of Living Boone News-Republican: Someone has predicted that it will cost the average family less to live in 6 months than it does now. The Christmas bills should all be paid by then. Peanut Acreage Manly Signal: The peanut acreage goal for next year will be cut 22 per cent by the department of agriculture. No doubt because we have an oversupply of politicians. Carelessness Waterloo Courier: Careless pedestrians and careless drivers think the same of each other and they're both right. More Sleep Richmond Times-Dispatch: "The teen-ager should get 9 hours sleep," and in fact many do—• 6 in bed, and 3 in study periods. Cloistered Bench rriHE report that Chief Justice Fred Vin-*- son is to succeed Gen. George Marshall as secretary of state has raised an interesting question. A former supreme court member, Owen Roberts, in a recent address contended that all federal judges should be barred by constitutional amendment from seeking elective office or serving in any other non-judicial capacity. He may be right—but there's a large body of precedent for drawing on the supreme court for service not in their specific field of training. In the long distant past, John Jay, William Gushing, John Marshall and Samuel Chase doffed their judicial robes for distinguished lay service. In 1916, Charles Evans Hughes resigned from the high tribunal to run for president against Woodrow Wilson. More recently, Justice Roberts himself, on presidential request, took on the job of conducting an investigation of the Pearl Harbor attack, performed a magnificent, painstaking judicial inquiry. While there is a point to keeping the federal bench above mundane affairs, the wisdom of such a strait-jacket as Mr. Roberts would apply, strikes us as being of questionable merit. ' What of Future Germany? W HETHER western Germany should be admitted into the new European "Western Union" is a question of top importance as the world enters its new year. On the one hand there is recognition that Germany is potentially the strongest power except Britain—with an extremely bad record for breaking the peace. France isn't alone in sensing the danger that admittance to the western European alliance could be used for reviving the worst German ambitions. On the other hand, as the Manchester Guardian points out, Germans cannot live without ideals. "If they are not given a good one, such as the Western Union," the Guardian editorializes, "they will accept a bad one, such V revenge in alliance with whatever pow- *r offers its backing." &OK Observing Editorial of the Day VIEWS 1949 WITH OPTIMISM pHARLES CITY PRESS: At a time when some ^ business leaders see possibilities of a slight recession on the horizon, an optimistic outlook may be little more than wishful thinking but it is refreshing nevertheless. A great deal has been said in the past about the high costs of World war II reducing the American standard of living. Some economists believe that continued high production by the American workingman can largely "cure" this situation. Arno H. Johnson, vice president and director of research of the J. Walter Thompson company, beiicves that basic changes in the nation's economy since 1940 offer opportunities for improvements in the country's standard of living beyond anything believed possible before the war. Johnson's observations will be of particular Interest to Charles Cityans and persons living in the immediate vicinity because he sees good economic times ahead for farmers. It is obvious also that farm related industries, such as those which are located in Charles City, benefit from generally favorable farm conditions. The standard of living of farm families, Johnson believes, particularly, could show substantial increases in the next few years because of the accelerated trend toward mechanization and greater productivity per farm worker. He concluded from an analysis of conditions that real opportunities exist for increasing substantially the domestic market for agricultural products. This in turn should speed the further mechanization of farms and lead to higher standards of living for those who choose to live on farms, Johnson believes. Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Charles Bistline was installed as commander of Cronin-Dexter camp of United Spanish War Veterans. Other officers installed were J. P. McGuire, senior vice commander; J. J. Boyle, junior vice commander; George Ficken, adjutant; H. L. Brown, quartermaster; Steve Barron, officer of the day; J. J. Hawthorne, officer of the guard; Clarence Harris, chaplain; John Corcoran, historian; J. J. Hawthorne, musician; D. C. F. Starr, surgeon; E. M. Jacobson, senior color sergeant, and M. Dixon, junior color sergeant. 20 YEARS AGO F. A. Kehm, for 30 years in the coal and feed business in Mason City and for the past 5 years manager of the Cerro Gordo Farmers company, has joined with Monnie Nelson in the purchase of the business of Van Kirk and Steece, local coal dealers with offices at 17* West State. Mr Nelson has been in the coal and lumber business at Swaledale and Burchinal. 30 YEARS AGO A new window, the C. O. D. and Insured window, has been opened at the postoffice The window, although needed in the past, has been opened for the first time this year. It opens at 9 a. m., and remains open all day. C. O. D. and insuring work has hitherto been handled by the stamp clerk. Work in 'insuring packages is increasing. 40 YEARS AGO Conductor Clarence Alger of the Milwaukee will leave Mason City very soon and take up his abode in Idaho or western Montana where he has accepted a run on the coast extension of the Milwaukee road. He will stand in line for a passenger run when the time comes for the regular schedule and within a few months it is expected he will be one of the brass buttoned conductors in charge ot one of the overland trains. To Your Health! By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. INFANT'S THROAT INFECTION rOST of us at some time or another develop !• some sort of throat trouble; most often the trouble is brought on by an infection. As a result of this infection in the throat, two types of abscesses may form. One of them occurs : particularly in children. It is known as retropharyngeal abscess. This condition is due to an infection of the lymph glands which are found in the back part of the throat. The second type is known as a peritonsillar abscess and develops around or near the tissues in the tonsils. More than half the cases of retropharyngeal abscess occur in infants under one year of age. The outstanding symptom con- DR. BUNDESEN sists of difficulty in breathing due to blocking of the throat. Sometimes a bluish color of the skin known as cyanosis, due to the fact that the child is not getting enough air into the lungs, also develops. The child generally lies with his head bent backward. A brassy cough is also present. The diagnosis is usually made by a physician on examination of the throat. The swelling in the throat can be seen and can be felt with the examining finger. The lymph glands are also enlarged. The treatment consists in opening the abscess and letting the pus drain out. If the patient is seen early, before pus has formed, treatment with the sulfonamide drugs and penicillin may ward off the development of pus. The outlook for patients with retropharyngeal abscess is usually good. The most common complication is infection of the middle ear. If the abscess is allowed to break open of itself, the infected material may get into the lung. Thus, to prevent this, it is important that the abscess be cut open by the surgeon. Now and then the infection may spread from the abscess to other structures in the neck, but treatment with the penicillin and the sulfonamide drugs will, as a rule, prevent this. Peritonsillar abscesses cause pain and fever and develop as a result of tonsil infection and throat infections. These, too, must be treated surgically. When 1he infection clears up, the tonsils should be removed to prevent a recurrence. Above all never neglect the severe throat infections. If neglected they may lead to serious results. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS H. A. A.: I notice lately I have a shortness of breath with a heavy feeling in the chest. I am uncomfortable. What would cause this condition? Answer: The difficulty you are having may be due to some disturbance of the heart, lungs, or the large blood vessel leading from the heart, known as the aorta. You should have a thorough study made, including an X-ray of the chest, and an electroradiogram, so that proper treatment may be prescribed for you. They'll Do It Every Time Roving Reporter Hal Boyle of the AP A NEW AMBITION CONFESSED AJEW YORK, (/P)—Everybody has a secret am•*•' bition—except me. Mine is no secret. It's just plain unlikely. My ambition is to be the "ten mostest" or the "ten bestest" of something. Just for a year, mother, just for a year. Just what I am picked as the "ten mostest" or the "ten bestest" of—well, I don't care. I just want to be recognized. My ambition grew slowly. Pretty much like an acorn that lacked vitamin "D." But now It is a mighty oak of yearning. It began years ago when I was an eager beaver cub reporter. My editor, thinking I was too young to sit around with my heels on the desk, threw me a mimeographed news release and said: "Gimmecouplehunnertonthis." All editors get, in time, to talk pretty much like that. They hate to waste space—even in talking. Translated, what my editor said was: "Take this horrible piece of tripe, Junior, and boil it down to 200 words—if you can. And when you are through, I will probably throw it into the waste basket anyway." The news release contained a well-known fashion leader's selection of what she considered the 10 best-dressed women in America. For some reason—it must have been a dull day indeed on the Lord's green footstool—my piece got printed. Well, as writers sometimes say when they don't know what to say next—the rest is history. Picking lists of the "10 best this" or the "10 best that" became a kind of American industry. Nobody who wanted to pretend they were anybody could let a year pass without making their annual selections of the "lop 10 something or other." And I became (he first man In American newspaper history to reach the rank at a specialist in this field of reporting. For one reason or another—and I'd a* soon not learn the reason—the editor always threw these handouts to my desk. Often, he wadded them up In a, ball before throwing them—adding Injury to insult. It was thus I reached the'peak in this fast-paced, nerve- tinf\lrtf came, j became known as -"the 10 best." editors. I wrote 'em all—from the 10 best marble players since Adam to the ]0 Siamese cats that looked most like Adolt Hitler. Insidiously the Idea crcjit into my mini: "Why can't you jet on one of these lists yourself sometime, Boyle? Why don't they ever name you on one?" And then, as frustrated ambition fed upon itself: "To heck with just being: 1 «f 30 on any single list. Why not sweep the boards? Why not be all IB, and leave a name mankind will remember forever?" I can't say I've made an inch of progress. But I have found out my most dangerous rival. It's Dwlght U. Elsen- hciiver. In 1DJ8 General Ike was picked by the National laugh Week Foundation ax the "man ivilh the most virile laugh." The Institute for the study and development of male magnetism chose him as I of "the fl most magnetic men In America." And, at year-end, glamorous Mrs. Veronica Dengel, tilt beauty engineer, gave "Ike" the nod as "one of the nation's 30 best-dressed malei." The general also made a number of other lists, Including political polls on "who would you most like to see in the white house?" But we won't go into this any more at the moment. Obviously "Ike" is leading in the "in mostest" and the "10 heslest" field. It looks like he'Jl win the race before I even get on my first list. I told my wife it looked like she was married to an utter failure. "If it makes you feel any better," said Frances, "you are all 31) of the husbands I would like to see get home on time at least Z days in a rnw sometime in i!>(9." Aren't wives wonderful? Censorship's Dangers ; am sympathetic with those who oppose the showing in our country of a British movie version of Dickens' "Oliver Twist" on the theory that its por- Irayel of Fagin creates racial animosities. At the same time, however, I see certain fundamental dangers in such an obstructive course. The real issue in the controversy, of course, i:: one of censorship. Should a movie or book be banned because one of its central figures puts Jews, Catholics, Protestants, fat men, Norwegians, Germans, or Russians in a bad light? Should "Uncle Tom's Cabin" be banned because it shows the Negro as a slave? Should "Mutiny on The Bounty" be banned because the brutal and repulsive Captain Bligh might give everyone the impression that all British sea captains are pretty bad people? When censorship once is started, it is hard to stop. It is difficult to know where to draw the line. And there always is the question of who should do the censoring. The spirit of American democracy and the bill of rights would be outraged by the suppression of books and movies in this country. Censoring books and movies to "keep them clean" is one thing; censoring or suppressing them for any other purpose brings up questions other than good taste. The Tie Thar Binds , never thought too much of . Ohio's Rep. George Bender as a law-maker in our national congress. But I'm forced to give him a grade of A-plus on Christmas humor. His Yule greeting took the form of a batch of left-over Dewey campaign neckties. And that isn't all. Among the recipients of the Dewey ties were 50 Washington newspaper correspondents who shared with him the notion that Harry Truman didn't have even an outside chance. The inevitable observation to be offered here is that it isn't the gift that counts; it's the sentiment. Giants of the-Sea was impressed by the recent dispatch stating that the new Cunard White "Star lines ship, the Caronia, will take her 34,000 tons on a maiden voyage in. early January, one of the most heavily' insured ships ever to sail the seas. Through Lloyds the Caronia has been insured for $16,256,700. The Queen Mary is covered for $21,262,500, her sister, the Queen Elizabeth, for $24,300,000. One ship today represents the equivalent of an investment in a fleet in the era of the old time sailing vessels. LOOK, EV/ERVBODy/ LOOK/ WE'RE PASSIKI6 6ORGONZOLA FALLS, MOST BEAUTIFUL SI6HT ONI THE VJHOLE TRIP/ Want to Reach 80? : commend to those who have the wish to live to be *80 these simple rules promulgated by the Iowa state department of health: Having periodic check-ups by your doctor and dentist and doing what they advise you to do or have done. Eating 3 good meals a day, including the necessary variety of foods—milk, eggs, fruit, vegetables, meat or fish, and cereal products. Getting enough sleep every night to feel rested and alert the next day. Taking time out every day for doing the things you like—walking, visiting, reading, playing games, "riding" a hobby. Having regular times for meals, sleep, elimination. Avoiding unnecessary infection by washing hands before meals, treating scratches and cuts promptly, using only clean eating and drinking utensils and your own towels and other toilet articles. Steering clear of excesses—particularly those which your doctor says may be harmful for you, such as too much coffee, tobacco, alcohol, food, physical exertion. Coming to friendly terms with life—adjusting yourself cheerfully to things you cannot change—resisting the temptation to worry, fret, fume, or "flying off the handle" when things go wrong. Information, Please! 1. Who established the Roycroft shops, in East Aurora, N. Y.? 2. Who or what is one's alter ego? 3. Are the largest tropical forests in South America or Africa? 4, Where are the next Olympic games to be held? 5. Who first signed the Declaration of Independence, and why? Answers—1. Elbert Hubbaird. 2. A second self, one's bosom friend. 3. South America—Brazil's Matta Grasso is an immense tract of almost impenetrable jungle. 4. London, England. 5. John Hancock, because he was president of the convention. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To B. I. KINTZ AND MRS. N. T. DEWITT—for being installed as noble grands, respectively, of the Odd Fellows and Rebekah lodges in Mason City. They and their fellow officers can be counted on to continue the excellent leadership that has maintained these lodges among the top ones in the organization. Did You Know? By Jimmy Hatlo Please tell something of Golden Gate Park in San Francisco. Golden Gate Park was created from sand waste by John McLaren to whom the job was given in 1887 by the San Francisco park commission. It has an area of 1,013 acres and contains over 5,000 different shrubs and plants as well as many attractions such as museums, aquarium, academy of sciences, conservatory, music con-course. It is said to be one of the largest and most beautiful parks in the world. What animals are classed as big game animals In the United States? Deer outnumber all other big game animals in the: United States. Others in numbers exceeding 100 thousand are elk, prong-horned, antelope, peccary and black bear. Relatively scarce animals include moose, Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep, European wild boar, grizzly bear, bison and woodland caribou. What country has the greatest iron ore reserves? Brazil has the greatest iron ore reserves in the world. What is gulfweed? It is an olive- brown seaweed of the genus Sar- gassum, found in large patches in the Gulf Stream and the Sargasso sea. It was formerly thought to cover the sea entire!, but actually occurs only in drifts. Numerous air sacs that look like berries make the weed float on the water. When was the first trip made on the Chicago subway? The pioneer trip on the first completed section of the new subway was made in April, 1943, at a cost of $18.75 a ride, a defense bond serving as a pass. The first unit was opened for operation in October. Who was Mantco? Manteo was the Indian who befriended the first white settlers of Roanoke Island. Tradition says that he was born on what is known as Harkers Island, N. Car. What is the usual fee charged for preparing an index for a book? According to one of the leading book publishers the approximate amount paid for indexing a book is $1.50 to $2 per hour, depending on the nature of the book; $5 per hundred entries; $5 per printed page. Why do migrating ducks and geese fly so high? The Fish and Wildlife Service says that the usual height at which migrating geese and ducks fly is from 1,000 to 3,000 feet, the reason being that the stronger winds move nearer the earth. In this way, the flying birds do not have to combat the strong currents'of air, which frequently are in reverse to the direction of their flight. Are genuine pearls ever found in fresh water mussels? From time to t'me good pearls are found in fresh water mussels, but these are not nearly as common as they were 20 or 25 years ago, before the original stock ot mussels was fished out'for the manufacture of pearl buttons. In what year did the University of Chicago last have a football team? The University of Chicago Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeatures CARL SANDBURG, born Jan. 6 1878, in Galesburg, 111., son of a Swedish immigrant railroad blacksmith. Carl had little schooling. After serving in the Spanish- American war, he went to college, was graduated in 1902. Through newspaper work he turned to writing poems, crow ning his career with his monumental biography of Lincoln. gave up football after the 1939 season. 'How many persons are employed by Federal and state governments? In July, 1948, there were 5,313,000 persons on federal, state and local pay rolls. This included 2,084,000 on federal civilian pay roll; 882,000 on the state pay roll; 1,180,000 on the city pay roll; 440,000 on the county pay roll, and 727,000 on other government pay rolls. Please compare in size the larg- cst and smallest electric lamps In the world. The largest lamp is one of 50,000 watts; the smallest is about the size of a grain of wheat and is used in surgeons' instruments. How much has the number of broad casting- stations Increased since the end of World war II? When World war II ended there were fewer than 1,000 standard broadcasting stations in the United States. There are now twice as many, including those under construction. There are also 600 applications pending. Mason City Globe-Gaxettt AN A. IV. JLEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East StaU St. Telephone 1900 Entered as second ciasi matter April 12. 1930, at the postoffice at Mason City. Iowa, under the aU of March 3, 1B7B. LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER Adv. Mgr. Thursday, Jan. 6, 1949 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS which I* exclusively entitled to use for republics lion of all local news printed In this newspaper as well as all AP nows dU- palchr*. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clenr Lak« (Carrier Delivery Limits) One year $13.00 On* weclc .35 Outside Mason City and Clear Laki But WIthtn 100 MUM of Uajon City By mall 1 year 19.00 By mall 6 months , 4.75 By carrier per wtek 25 Outside 100 Mil* Zon« toy Mall Only One jear J120* S*K rjnonthx , «jj Threa month] \\ J.JQ

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