Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on December 31, 1970 · Page 6
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 6

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Alton, Illinois
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Thursday, December 31, 1970
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Page 6
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Evefrtflg telegraph Thursday, Dec. 31, 19?0 nd your money By I»EfEK WEAVER Q — In your series of columns about elder consumers, you said: "A retired person can receive benefits for any month where the earnings aren't above $140...even if the total year's earnings go way over the $1,680 limit." 1 called my social Security office and they told me this Is not so. They said there's an annual limit of $1,680 — period. I can earn only $80 more this year and I could use more. I have the opportunity to earn'more but they said 1 would be penalized. Any suggestions? — Mrs. M.F.H., Phoenix, Ariz. A — I suggest you disregard your local Social Security adviser on this one. Apparently, he or she is not current with the law. Washington headquarters for Social Security says the following: When you get an earnings estimate from Social Security, just say you do not anticipate future earnings to go above the $l,680-a-year or $140-a- month limit. Theft, keeping your monthly earnings below $MO, you will receive regular Social Security benefit checks. jit you decide to work full- tube for, say, two months, you can earn way over the $140-a-month limit which, in ttirn, can also put you over the $1,680 annual limit. It's best to advise Social Security not to send your monthly checks for the two, full-timework months. If you are not sure how much you will earn during those months, then don't advise Social Security. You will receive your regular benefit checks. They must be paid back because you will have worked over the $140 monthly limit. You can either send them back and ask for a receipt or keep them and cash them later on during the "dry spell" when Social Security automatically withholds two monthly checks to balance things out. Q — I am over 65 and am presently employed. However, I have a real-estate broker's license and would like to retire and sell real estate. The Social Security board advised me that, if I sell real estate and should make, say $2,000 during the first two months of the new year and no income during the rest of the, year, I would not be eligible for Social Security benefits the remaining 10 months. Your article said I would be eligible. Who is right? — C.G., Tulsa, Okla. A — I'm right. Your local Social Security adviser, like the one advising the Phoenix 'reader, must be out of touch. Your case is a little different. You are a self-empolyed real- estate broker. The test of eligibility for the self- employed is not the total amount of money made but whether or not you are technically employed during any given month. If you work less than 15 hours a month, you are considered "not actively self- employed." Between 15 hours and 45 hours per month, special factors are consdered In applying the self- employment test. If you work more than 45 hours a month, you usually are considered actively employed (there are some exceptions). They must pay your benefits for all months you were not "actively employed." Q — As a county teacher, I have 6.25 of my salary put aside each month for the Teacher's Retirement Fund. When I report my gross salary each year, this money is included although I had no access to it. When I retire, will I have to pay income tax on this? - M.H., Boca Raton, Fla. A — No. However, when you-retire, you do have to pay taxes on any amount paid to you in excess of your contribution (such as profits or matching funds). Take note: Family and friend of persons who are bard of bearing can get a bookjet on bow to handle this handicap and improve understanding by sending so cettfs to Listen, Please, P.O. mW&, Chevy Chase, Md. *" It's written by Joseph _jnmjyer, consultant f o v the Atesaiuier Graham Bell for the Peaf. Stamp honors general A 6-cent stamp honoring Gen. Douglas MacArthur will be issued with first day ceremonies Jan. 26 in Norfolk, Va. 'The date marks the General's 91st birthday anniversary. The stamp is printed in red, blue and black and the portrait is based on a photo taken early in 1944 during an'inspection flight over New Guinea. (UPI Telephoto) Ideological battle No. 1 item in '70 By CARL T. ROWAN WASHINGTON —The student killings at Kent State may make a footnote in history, but the most significant development of 1970 was not really a news "event." This was the year when conservative elements began all-out efforts to reverse the course of American political life and pushed the country into its greatest ideological conflict in almost four decades. President Richard M. Nixon and Vice President Spiro Agnew have been the generals of the conservative side, trying to turn the country around on such fundamental issues as the rights of the police as against those of an accused person, the government's role in furthering the rights of minority groups, the citizens's right to privacy and protection from unreasonable searches and seizures, and the Federal government's responsibility to fight poverty, hunger, illness. Because the Democratic party lacked a real general, Congress became the great adversary, battling to keep the President from pushing the Supreme Court out into far right field by putting Southern conservatives on it, struggling to prevent reductions in funds for education, hospitals, and the fight against poverty, even as billions were committed to an anti-ballistics missile system, a multi-headed monster missile, and other military pursuits. This ideological struggle, this war to determine whether America drifts more in a liberal, leftward direction or whether she makes a sharp turn to the right, will dominate 1971. The big difference from 1970 is that a Democratic "general" or two may emerge, adding a personal element to the struggle. But the Congress, especially the Senate, will continue to be the most bruising battleground. The stay liberal-turn cons e r v a t i v e battle was dramatized in 1970 by the two long Senate fights over confirmation of Mr. Nixon's nominees to the Supreme Court. The liberals won their fight to keep South Carolinian Clement F. Haynsworth and FJoridan G. Harrow Carswell off the court, and even the perspective of a few months shows that in toe case of Carswell it was a victory for the country. But conservative forces probably won the war with a flanker movement through Minnesota. That state produced Judge Harry Blackmun, who was seated, and who may turn out to be more conservative than Haynsworth. Blackmun show signs of voting as a sort of echo of new Chief Justice Warren Burger, another Minnesotan who so far has shown no inclination to vote in ways that shock Nixon, w h o appointed him. Another sweet victory for the conservative faction was the Senate's razor-thin approval of the ABM. Yet, there • was no clearcut conservative triumph in the military field. This was the year when Congress finally showed some backbone and moved to trim billions of dollars worth of fat out > of a military budget bloated with huge cost overruns and frightfully expensive weapons systems that did not work or were not needed. But this battle of" "priorities" has only begun. Mr. Nixon and the conservatives may want to go on fighting inflation with high unemployment and little or no governmental "meddling" where wages and prices are concerned. Liberal elements will try to provoke a political revolt against economic conservatism. The conservatives will talk about producing jobs by pumping billions of taxpayer dollars into the aircraft industry (for a supersonic transport and new military systems) while liberal elements will demand direct public service jobs for the poor and the unemployed. Look for a major fight over this question of direct governmental help in making jobs vs. an indirect trickle-down-from-free • enter* prise approach. For most of 1970 it appeared that the group trying to swing the country to the right had won the hearts and minds of America, at least insofar as attitudes toward blacks and the young were concerned. Agnew seemed to have become a folk hero by his alliterative use of stridently divisive rhetoric. But the November elections showed that in dividing the nation Agnew had also divided his party. What Had appeared to be a smashing ideological triumph was seen by many Republicans as 3 debacle. Peace Corps great By JOHN P. ftOCBfi There was something about the Peace Corps that always gave me a charge. It was such a bushy-tailed operation: everybody wore the same required informal drses, the chief administrators spent their entire days going from one meeting to another — rather like a permanent, floating crap game — and, above all, the Peace Corps had MORALE. When Sarge Srhlver came into a room and turned on that 250-watt smile, one could feel the vibrations. There were some bureaucratic problems. It was often hard to find out what the Peace Corps was doing. The guy who might know was always at a committee meeting and he might have to call two further meetings of other committees to obtain precsie information. Unless the only man who knew had just left to become the Director in Madagascar. Elsewhere in the government one could always find the tribal historian, a crone who had been around since 1903 when she began as a postal clerk, and knew everything. I never found a secretary at the Peace Corps who had worked there more than three weeks. There used to be an interminable argument over who had really thought up the idea — Hubert Humphrey was a leading contender — though the notion was hardly original. It was simply a secular, government- sponsored missionary program. Despite rumors to the contrary, most religious missionaries, particularly in the 20th century, have done a great deal more than spread the faith of their choice. A shirtlsleeve cousin of mine, Beth O'Brien (alias Sister M. Thomas More), is a physician who has set up hospitals in parts of the world that would put off a Green Beret. She is currently in the back country of Peru. Protestant missionaries have : put a tremendous amount of expert agricultural effort into India and Brazil. The Peace Corps' big problem was that, by and large, its volunteers at first were not experts in anything. They substituted dedication and enthusiasm for specialized knowledge. Thus it was predictable, as I wrote in 1961, that "the initial reaction to these dedicated, ebullient young Americans may well be one of annoyance and envy." And it was equally predictable that the volunteers, wanting to be loved, would be highly susceptible to anti- Americanism, would try to demonstrate to the locals that they were opposed to imperialism, colonialism, etc. The war in Vietnam served as the catalyst for a whole series of demonstrations by members of the Peace Corps against American .policy. Similarly, volunteers serving in undemocratic states often displayed sympathy for local — usually student — revolutionary movements — while being accused of C.I.A. affiliations by the Communist press. Any way you looked at it, the situation was frustrating, particularly for young idealists who had gone out to save the world and discovered that the world is not play-dough. After the parade come the street cleaners. Now Sarge and his troops (former volunteers are his political cadres) are off to new pastures, morale is shot, and President Nixon's Director Joseph H. Blatchford is busily engaged in restructuring the Peace Corps around technical expertise — and encouraging the volunteers to keep out of politics. Fundamentlly he is on sound ground (the private group "ACCION" which he founded for work in Latin America has a good reputation), but at the same time the old Peace Corps will be missed. The young volunteers may not have saved the world, although many of them got an education. In fact, the Impact of service on the participants was far more important than on their host countries. And in my perverse way, I.even enjoyed their political antics — the American addiction to freedom can be embarrassing on occasion, yet it can also be contagious. AU in all, it is something worth exporting to the "Third orid." Effective city law , A new ordinance banning sale of non- retumable bottles and cans takes effect in Bowie, Md., as evidence by the thumbs down sign of Mayor Leo Green. The mayor is shown beside some of the 10,000 cans, 800 bottles and other assorted trash collected in two days by 100 Bowie High School students in % mile stretch of road through the town. (AP Wirephoto) Angered., weary SIU tired of loser's role By DOUG THOMPSON Telegraph Staff Writer EDWARDSVILLE — Southern Illinois University, weary of drastic budget cuts and program cancellations by the Illinois Board of Higher Education, may start fighting back when the board meets in Chicago Tuesday. . "All this cutting and elimination is stupid," one official said Tuesday. "The BHE is doing more harm to higher education in Illinois than it is good." University officials.told the Telegraph that SIU's Edwardsville campus will fight the BHE's denial of requests to purchase Parks Air College in East St. Louis. At the same time, staff for the SIU board of trustees is preparing a resolution asking the BHE to explain why it is cutting budgets so heavily. Earlier this month, the BHE trimmed the Edwardsville campus capital budget from $30 million to $9 million while the Carbondale campus was cut from $28 million to $4 million. "Some of us are getting damned sick and tired of this," one official said Tuesday. "The BHE is assuming too much power and is too politically - oriented. This has to stop somewhere." On Tuesday, the BHE will consider the operating budget of SIU; but the board staff has already recommended cuts of more than $14 million in the $102,554,261 budget request. Included in the staff recommendations was elimination of SIU plans to buy Parks Air College i". East St. Louis. "I don't know what the political motivation was in the Parks Air move, but there has to be one," the official said. BHE staff recommendations will be automatically approved by the board unless SIU raises enough questions to make members change their minds. At the meeting of the BHE earlier this month, chief of board staff James Brown, representing SIU, offered no objection to the drastic cuts in the capital budgets. Representatives from Northern Illinois University and the University of Illinois, however, did object and the board restored some of the budget items. "Maybe if we cpmplained a little more often, the higher board would stop pushing this university around — there nas to be a stopping point somewhere," another §ju official said Tuesday. Several officials criticised the higher board for "being critical of university spending, but not being too careful with own budgets." The BHE, they charged, has increased the size of its staff constantly and doubled and tripled its own budget year after year, "But our budgets get cu| down," he added. John S. Rendleman, chancellor of the Edwardsville campus, plans to be in Chicago Tuesday for the higher board meeting, but has not reported yet what, if anything, he plans to say. Rendleman is on vacation this week and could not be reached. The SIU board of trustees' resolution protesting the BHE cuts will not be ready by Tuesday's meeting, but will consider the resolution at its Jan. 15 meeting in Edwardsville. Families use joint buying to trim inflated food costs By BOB DUBILL Associated Press Writer UPPER MONTCLAIR, N.J. (AP) — Co-ops are sprouting in cities and suburbia as housewives close ranks in the battle against food price inflation. "I can pretty safely guarantee a family of four a saving of $1,000 a year. But even more important, the eating's, a lot better," insists Vivian Crandell of the Downtown Co-op of New York City. "You save 20 per cent right off the bat by beating the markup at the supermarket. You save an additional 20 per cent because the quality is so much better," says Mrs. Crandell. M a r c i a Schachter, cofounder of a co-op of 15 families in an upper middle class neighborhood of this metropolitan suburb, contends that quality is the major dividend. "Our families eat more fresh fruit and vegetables. We eat more fish. The bread we buy from a wholesale routeman is whole wheat. It has no preservatives." Each Tuesday members of the co-operative take turns driving a station wagon to a wholesale market in Newark, N.J., to load up with supplies for the week. Returning home, a minimarket is set up in a gara"ge where housewives pick and choose. For two hours on shopping day the garage is a busy place as members—many with children in tow—stock up on food supplies for the week. Purchases here are on an honor system. Current prices are listed on each item. "We work strictly on a cash basis," said Mrs. Schachter. "If food is left over we divide it among those who might need-a particular item most." At the Newark market, Ben Smolensk! takes special care of his co-op customers. "A good buy on mushrooms. Twenty cents a pound less than in the supermarket," he'll say during Christmas or Thanksgiving week. "The pears are a bit expensive. Wait until next week." A typical week may find a co-op buying 24 heads of lettuce for $4.50 and selling them to members for 19 cents a head. Apples were real bargains at Ben's during Thanksgiving week, 8 cents a pound. "That's 19 cents less than supermarket prices," beamed Mrs. Schachter. "Very good Macintosh apples." Operating procedures vary among co-ops. Meat was dropped from the shopping program here because prices weren't attractive enough. But the Downtown Co-op operating out of a first-floor apartment on New York's West 15th Street has an arrangement with a meat supplier for hotels and restaurants. Toothless rate is 5 per cent By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK (AP) - fMfigs a columnist might never know if he didn't open his mail: Americans have some 800 million unfilled dental cavities and about one in 20 million people are toothless. The more hopeful side of ail American Detal Association report, however, is: Emphasis in dental work in the last decade has switched from fixing damage to preventing it. Tokyo, with an estimated population of 11.4 million people and claiming to be the world's largest city, Is planning to solve its housing crisis by the erection of apartment buildings ranging from 20 to 100 stories. The latter would rise to a height of 1,150 feet. Guess what else cigarettes may do harmful to man. Reduce his sex drive. A Soviet newspaper, citing what it describes as scientific evidence, says changes in sex hormones resulting from the effect of smoking on the blood notably reduces the sexual interest and performance of men over 40—even men of 30. Perhaps people at those ages should include more four-leaf clovers in their diet—if they insist on continuing to smoke. Since medieval times those lucky symbols a"re supposed to have had the virtue of bringing mutual love to those who ate them together. Quotable notables: "In investing money the mount of interest you want should depend on whether you want to eat well or sleep ." — J. K. Morley. There's many a slip: Man is supposed to have invented stairways about 4,000 years ago. Now some 250,000 people in th,e United States 'are hurt in stairway falls, and one in 20 deaths in household injuries results from falling down steps. Warning: Don't go around the home wearing only stockings made of synthetic fabrics. They're too slippery. If you don't keep you shoes on—or slippers with a grip—you're better off to go barefooted. Tiny aids: It is wrong to think of all bacteria as harmful. They make possible the production of wine and vinegar, the turning of dead plants into topsoil, and help cows manufacture milk from grass. In our intestinal tract they even produce some of the vitamins we need. About 2,000 species are currently known, some so small that a million of them' could sit on the point of a needle without obvious discomfort. Something for nothing: Store thefts now cause an annual loss of $3 billion a year, an increase of 134 per cent since 1960. Who are the shoplifters? Surveys in Atlanta and New York showed that in from 60 to 75 per cent of the cases they were under 21 years old. Downtown revamped .. Popular with city planners these <Jajre, covered by the pedestrian m \\ tomtom has come viewed »s the answer to de<»ytog"oe», to Contralto, HI,'-Tip project, which tral business districts, During foe past was years to the planning sfoge, was decade, shopping centers with parking strongly backed by the southern JMJ, areas for shopper* nave caused dow* mis city's business community, Pe* town businesses to suffer and decay, destrian mails with pleasant walkways A

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