SIX THE DAILY MAIL, HAGERSTOWN, MD., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1939. (Establtahed ISIS) Published every evening: except Sunday by The Mail Publishing Company. 25 Summit Avenue, Hagerstown. Maryland. J. A. HAW KEN Editor National Advertising: Representatives: kft. Kuipers & Mahoney. Inc. New York. 1203 Graybar Building-; Chicago. 203 North Wabash Avenue; Atlanta, 1S01 Rhodes-Haverty Building: Dallas. 807 Southwestern Life Building:: Oklahoma City. 55S First Kational Building, Address all communications to The T>:iily Mail Editorial, Business or Circulation Department not to individuals. S. E. PHILLIPS...General Manager C. & P. Phone 104-105-106 Same numbers reach all departments Member Audit Bureau of Circulation SUBSCRIPTION RATES XA11 Subscription Rates Payable in Advance) Single Copy „..„„„.. .03 One Month -... .55 One fear (by carrier) 6.08 By Mail (Dp to Fourth Zone).. 6.0ft Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Zones. 8.56 i . Seventh and Eighth Zones 9:50 same that the stuff of one star is thousands of times heavier than in another. Reason for our doubting and disbelief is that our yardstick is not long enough, our scales limited to the diminsions of our little world. It does the mind good to reach into the realms of infinite space, where weights and speeds and distance have little relation to those we are familiar with. It may be that astronomy's main usefulness is to put man in his place and teach him that "the measure of a man'' is not that of the universe. MAKING GOLD Entered at the postoffice at Ha- perstown as 2nd class matter Dec. 12. 189S. MEMBER OP THE ASSOCIATES PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to tha use of publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited io this paper and also local news published therein. All rights of publication of sptcial dispatches nereis are also reserved. Thanks To Finland Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau is sailing for Europe on the pleasantest of errands, namely, to thank little Finland ! for continuing to pay its obligations regularly while all the great powers are .in arrears. Finland alone did not regard the Hoover moratorium, nominally for a single year, as an ex-' cuse for stopping payment. The rest did. Interest to the United States as creditor no longer figures, for example, in, the British and French budgets and their debts to us are not calculated as liabilities in the striking of balance sheets. In these, as in other countries, all reference to the debts is shrugged off with the admonition to let sleeping debts lie. It is an exceedingly graceful gesture that Mr. Morgenthau, as '! head of our Treasury, is paying to the Finns. He will have things to tell them in the name of this country that will gladden them. While the visit is entira- ly devoid of political intent, such reports of his reception at Hel- singfors as find their way into the general European press— they will probably not be many —ought to occasion a little ear- burning in an era of intensive nationalism. Well, it always has been a rather difficult task for any of us to make gold. There is something about that very solid and substantial metal that makes it elusive—that is, to most of us. Some favored individuals, like, for an instance, J. P. Morgan, have no difficulty in chasing down the yellow dross whenever they feel the desire, but to most of us gold is like a firefly that invite:; to a chase which ends in mystification. So there will be no great disappointment as people read the declared fact that while the manufacture of gold is a very simple process it is a very costly one. That still leaves gold something much to be desired, because as a rule we desire most those things that are beyond reach. It seems that if you want to manufacture gold all you hare to do is to shoot a neutron into the nucleus of an atom of platinum and there you are! Gold! But first you have to catch your neutron. Now neutrons are common enough in th? world, but they are even more elusive than gold. And if you are going to shoot one into an atom of platinum, you must also have a million dollars' worth, of electric power. And after you have used your million dollars' worth of power all you get is half a cent's worth of gold. No smart business man would call that a profitable transaction notwithstanding the fact that many a smart man has chucked a million dollars into the hunt for gold and come out at the end with half a cent or thereabouts. Getting' Flighty BEYOND HUMAN MEASURES Man About Manhattan .._..•; By Gt0rgt T*cktr NEW YORK, Aug. 9.—The heai, * * * waves dropped across Harlem and j in Harlem, New York's vast and f.. - From the material in a dwarf star known as Wolf 147, if astronomers know what they are talking about, could be made a paperweight able to hold down the entire file of the Congressional Record. A cubic inch of it would weigh 9000 tons. Such stuff would be hard to handle. Dr. Gerard P. Kulper, of the University of Chicago, who reported about it to a conference oF astrophysicists in Paris, says thai nothing on earth could support a cubic inch of it. It would drop through earth and rock like white-hot bullet through butter. This sounds silly, but science is not silly. What makes it seem so is the limited range of ordinary human experience and the fact that our senses do not tell us the truth They tell us, for example, thai a table top is solid. But science knows that the essential matter contained in a table top is infinitesimal. Every invisible atom in the table top is a miniature solar system, mostly made up of empty space. Smash the atom and reduce it to its electrons and atomic nuclei and there is nearly nothing left. It is believed that these dwarf stare, eighteen of which have been discovered, are made up of smashed atoms. Nobody knows or can imagine how they got that way. Pull of these stars' gravity is so great that their flames are believed to b* only a few feet Wgh, though those of our sun leap half a million rr.Ues into space. All this eeetna incredible, yet it need not be so. The fault is in ourselves not the stars. We think of heaviness only In terms of things we can weigh and handle. We ac cept without question that gold is heavier than alnmtesm, air lighter than water. Essentially it Is the LADIES ON THE DIAMOND Columbia University has contributed its quota to the brain trusts of government, finance and politics. So who can say it is stepping out of character when it preps master minds for baseball, in its own right an industry of not unprofitable proportions? As the bleachers view its baseball coaching course, baseball is big enough to stand it if Columbia can. And since Columbia has learned to absorb baseball in its stride, what is extraordinary about Miss Lillian Spaulding's absorbing bit of baseball knowledge to be relayed to the future champs of Three Rivers, Michigan? Mips Spaulding is principal of the Ruth Hopping elementary school of Three Rivers. She is a baseball fan. Gabby Hartnett is her favorite player and the Chicago Cubs are her favorite team, this last an eccentricity which Easterners find more comprehensible after studying the box score of Michigan's Governor Dickinson's solo struggle against damnation, metropolitan brand. Women as coaches? Why not? In any case it seems to be a safe >ot that Miss Spaulding and her sisters in baseball couldn't know he had to cut down on his daily quota of six quarts of ice cream, so Bill Robinson barded a tram car for the cooling sands of California. Incidentally, a secondary reason for deserting the Harlem of which he is unofficial mayor was to nutter his flying feet in his next movie. "I used to eat six quarts of ice cream a day," the grinning, ebony- hue d Robinson explained just before he headed for Hollywood. "Now I eat only four. It isn't the doctor's orders. I'm in fine health, but I just fignured I should be moderate about everything." Robinson's breakfast is ice cream and hot biscuits. His lunch is ice cream. His dinner is ice cream and steak. It must be good for him because on. his 60th birthday recently he ran. backward for 60 i blocks down. Broadway and wasn't even winded, while a lot of us younger fellows ran forward the same distance with him were juf- fing like exhausted whales. sprawling negro colony, Robinson is both the popular hail-fellow-well- met and the generous benefactor to hundreds of his race. Over the years he has given vast sums of money to charities and as prizes to Harlem school children. So many people came calling to beg a few dollars that his wife ordered an eye hole for their front door—such as they used to have in speakeasies, so Bill could determine if it was really a needy person calling. And Bill knows all his Harlem people well enough to know if they really are in need. In between his dancing jobs, Bill once worked as a waiter. One day about SO years ago a man came into the restaurant and ordered oysters on the half shell. As he was preparing to serve them over tiie diner's shoulder, an oyster slipped off a shell and fell down the man's coat collar. j didn't notice the oyster slipping. i Well, the diner was Marty For- I kins, the theatrical manager, and | he has been directing the career ! of Robinson ever since. | * * * Bill says that was an exciting moment. Another he recalls with particular vividness was the night he was doing a dance on a Broadway stage and a rat, as big as a cat, crawled out onto the stage. Bill never missed a step in his rhythmic dancing and that calmness of mind probably prevented a panic among the women in the audience. Bill danced over to the wings, whispered to a stage hand to hand him a club used backstage to tighten ropes that pulled up the curtains. With club in hand, Bill danced back to the center of the stage and whanged the rat over tlie head, killing him instantly. He is a,lso a man who believes in dreams and he should. He frequently dreams about a new dance step, awakens in the middle of the night and gets up then and there and perfects the step he has been dreaming about. Did you ever see a dream, walking? Bill sees 'em dancing. Bill quickly apologized, saying that he was thinking of a, new dance step he had devised that he THINGS OF THE SOIL By DAN VAN GORDER Questions ol lawns, gardens, poultry, livestock, orcharding nnrt general "farming aro discussed In this department. Headers have h«re access to the information and advice furnished by our agricultural editor. Inquiries oa all phases ot soils and crops -will be answered by return mail. Address letters to Tb« Mall Information Bureau. Van Gorder Service, Inc.. "Washington, D. C. Jimmy Foxx of the Red Sox has hit 11 home rnus with the bases league full clurins career. his major Sunburn Itching Relieves the itching, stinging misery of sunburn and other hot- weather discomforts. PENETRO Washington Daybook ••By Preston Grover —• WASHINGTON, Aug. 9. — Congress has passed up one of its last opportunities to determine whether the army's "Dreyfus case" will go into history without a conclusive investigation. The "Dreyfus case" is that oC Oberlin M. Carter, one-time captain of engineers, top-ranking man in his class at West Point. In pre- Spanish war days he was engineer of a harbor improvement project at Savannah, Ga., out of which grew a scandal and a court martial that sent him to imprisonment in Leavenworth. He was tried in 1S9S. Scarcely a year has passed since that he has not pressed a case in court, or, more recently, in Congress to have that stain removed from his record. It never has been. The rush of the final hours of Congress made it impossible to take up the bill which, year after year, has been introduced to clear Carter's record. It will be investigated another summer and hearings will be held again, perhaps next winter. But meantime, Carter is getting older —he's in his eighties. The story really begins at West Point, Carter was No. 1 in his class and set a record for scholarship and attainment which his friends say surpassed that of Robert E. Lee. Second in the class under Carter was George Goethals, who later rose to fame as the builder of the Tanama canal. * * * Harnessed The Tides They were always .friends and, to the last, General Goethals, never questioned Carter's integrity. But others did. Carter and others have testified that army associates, jealous of his pre-eminence as an engineer, set out to ruin him. Although only a captain he was put in charge of the huge works at Savannah. He devised a plan for laying artificial dykes through which the tides would course and wash the harbor deep enough for heavy traffic. He was commended at home and decorated abroad. Ultimately he turned over the project to other officers and was given the distinguished honor of appointment as U. S. military at tache with the embassy at London He returned from there with his name under a cloud, for officers a Savannah had charged him with conspiring 1 with his wealthy fath in-law and with contractors to de fraud the government of large sums of money. ' They alleged that, while en since at Savannah, he had approved pay ment.s to contractors for inferio rock and brush mattresses when superior material had been specified. The contractors had already created a bad atmosphere in Savannah by assertodly chiseling nn contracts for the. immense qunnti-j more than SS.OOO,(H»0,000 has bc^n j ties of bound brush cut from the countryside for the harbor work. And Carter himself, financed by his falher-n-law's money, had cut a social pwnth which made him the rmy officers, began just as the Spanish-American war was breakup out. It lasted six months. Carer was found guilty on a small lumber of the numerous detailed barges. The verdict was passed ip to President McKinley for approval. Weeks of delay followed. Vn election campaign was coming on and the Carter case had been a sensation. The President had a special investigation made before ie acted. It had been asserted and lenied that final approval of the onviction was dictated by Mark Hanna, McKinley's political men- or, as being politically the most expedient course. In any event, the conviction was approved by the President. Carter, dismissed from the army, served iis sentence. His standing as an ingineer had not been forgotten and soon he was receiving big fees. All those, together with wealth received from his father-in-law, he ias spent in the vain at temp I to wipe the blot off his re;ord. Army authorities, standing by the court martial, have opposed him. Various courts and investigators, as well as congressional committees, have asserted or implied his innocence of any conspiracy of fraud, but still the record stands. ess about the game Browns and the Phils. than the THE GAS TAX BOOM According to the United States Bureau of Public Roads, American motorists last year paid a total of ?7G6,853,000 in gasoline taxes \ collected by the various states. This is the amount paid the states alone. It does not include the federal levy. Oregon imposed the first tax on 5 asoline in 1 !»!!>. Since that time JUST FOLKS By EDGAR A. GUEST OWNERSHIP T said: I'll have them for my own, The finest climbing roses grown, I planted a wisteria vine And proudly spoke of it as mine. But there they bloomed along my wall, A patch of beauty, free for all! Now what is ownership? thought I The right to pay for what I buy; The right to plant and feed anr rake, To plan the garden that I make; To choose its tenants, shrub and vine And proudly speak of them as mine But does not every passer-by As much enjoy their charms, as I Then how can that which all can see Belong exclusively to me? What Is Your News I. Q.? By The AP Feature Service Each question counts 20. A score of 60 ,'s /air, 50, good. 1. Dorm Fendler (above) of Rye, N. Y. f was telephoning:, 'Tm all riglit, mom." Why? 2. How did Democratic Chairman Farley and Republican Chairman Hamilton recently find .themselves in the same boat? 3. Will Britain, TJ. S. or Russia void a treaty with Japan in January? 4. Name the new .congressional measure which limits political activity of federal em- ployes. 5. The World Alliance of Baptists selected a member of an old American family for its president. True or false? (Answers on Page 8) STILL CONFISCATED Federal Investigator Charles E Cushwa reported yesterday the confiscation of a 120 gallon still a large qnanity of mash and othci liquor making equipment in the Mt. Briar section. An early arrest is expected. Feeds for Molting Hens One of the most important questions in every poultry owner's annual round of tasks, particularly during the next two months, is— What rations do laying hens need while they are passing through their molting season? A simple but vital principle rules with poultry, as with all other forms of life, that their bodies are nourished and all their functions sustained through the feed and drink they consume. Eggs are formed only from these materials; bone, muscle, blood and nerve are fed in this manner; and it must not be overlooked that the hen grows her new annual dress o£ feathers solely from the elements supplied in her feed and drink. What occurs if proper feather- building feeds are not furnished during the molting season? Does the hen fail to grow feathers? Does she continue to wear her old dress for another year? The answers to these questions reveal one of the reasons why improperly cared- for flocks often go through fall and winter months producing few eggs, victims of many seasonal disease outbreaks. Unless molting hens are supplied with a well balanced mash and grain ration with plenty of green feed and fresh water, they naturally draw needed materials from their own bodies to supply the deficiencies to build new feathers. Thus, they enter the fall laying period greatly weakened and usually under weight. In other words, feathers are produced either through wise and proper feeding or at the expense of the hen's physical well being. A good laying mash should be continued through the summer from the spring laying season, balanced with a liberal grain ration, the latter preferably consisting of two parts yellow corn, one part wheat and one part oats. If they take on too much weight, the corn may be reduced to one part in the grain ration. OC course, the molting period mash, like that for the heavy laying months, should cont-.ii- a liberal percentage of proteins and minerals, for it is from the protein elements that a large partion of th-feather-building materials is obtained. If the birds are losing weight during this period, they may be fed a mixture of equal parts of yellow corn meal, rolled oats and condensed milk at noon. Too, milk may be included liberally in dry form in, the mash. In almost all cases loss of weight during the molting season, especially when new feathers are appearing, is evidence that the hen is drawing on her normal bodily stores of fats and proteins and her daily rations should be stepped up at once. The wise poultryman usually Includes cod-liver oil in the molting hen's mash to insure adequate assimilation of her feed, particularly the lime. Yellow corn is stressed in the entire poultry ration because it contains the valuable vitamin A which is lacking in white corn. Green feed, whether made available on the range or by feeding kale, lettuce, cabbage leaves, alfalfa or clover clippings in confinement, is an essential part of the ration through the molting season as well as nrouud the entire year. REMEMBER August Clearance Sale Now Going On BENTZ & DUNN North Potomac Street Tlior«'« A KELVINATOR WATER COOLER To Suit Tour Needs Bohman-Warne' Inc. Phone 85—35 West Franklin St. CLOTHING for men and women ... on EASY CREDIT TERMS PEOPLE'S 67 w - w * ih STORE Street LOAN S Jf yon need money Tor ft nsfful put- jiose come In nnd consult the Hagerstown Industrial Savings & Loan Co. 49 N. Jonathan St.—Phone 250 TODAY'S CROSS WORD PUZZLE How to Cull Laying Hens From now until winter every poultry owner should pursue a program of close cull hi g in order to remove from the floclc all hens not profitably productive. Full directions for detecting "hoarder" hens are furnished in simple form in our poultry cullilng guide. Merely send the Agricultural Editor a 3-eent stnmp with your request for this useful and timely informal ion. Too. if yon hnve any poultry questions to nsk, include them with your letter. ACROSS 1. Ethereal salt 6. Beasts 13. Steeple 14. Income 15. Formal procession 17. Act of holding IS. Genus of fresh-water ducka 19. Perform 21. Withered 22. Pleasure excursion 23. Limb 25. Donkey 2ti. Small pop used In coif 27. Exist 28. English school 31. Oil: sulTlx 22. lla.tliom.it.Ical ratio 33. Hewing tool 34. Paid public announcement 35. Sh;ij>o 3S. P.-iKt 39. Former Pr<v- pino idcnt's nick- !i2. Nearer tinmo Fvi. Feminine name <n. Spoil 5fi. Deputy ^2. Sunken fcnco 57. Compositions 44. Gofldes.s of for six discord 53. Sand hills: 45. Maltreat English Solution of Yesterday's Puzzle 43. Among ^ ^ s '' ird " 10 BO. ilnhopany DOWN 1. Kind of iispd for mukinc: cortl.iRi?, shoes, baskets, and paper 2. Do? of a cor- 1.1 in brood 3. Lonp abusive speech 4. Obliterate 5. Color ' 6. English Jetter 7. Meshed fabric 8. Patron saint of lawyers 9. First word ol the handwriting: on tho wall 10. Froi? or to&d 11. Knticcs 12. Ovules 16. Kind of che««« 20. Alternative 24. Myself 27. Tuno 2D. Largest rlvtr In Scotland SO. Draft animal 22. Kalian river 34. City In Tex*i 3, r >. Abandons 36. In botany, a shrub "7. Mother 35. Judges' court bench 30. Ascended 40. Companions 41. Over •4H. Exclamation 44. Funeral oration 46. Common con. dimcnt 47. Great Lake r>t. Insect 53. Boy 5.x Like NAME STREET OR ROUTE POSTOFFICE STATE Address letter to the DAILY MAIL Agricultural Editor, Box 152S, Washington, D. C. /3 22 So 42 2o 1 33 21 33 DICK TRACY —BRAIN FEVER Mark Hanna Involved j The trial, before a tribunal of taken in by the various units of government, state and federal, through levies on motor fuel. Well may the motorists wonder ! envy of some of hi? fellow officers. i * * * whether the end is in sight or whether this particular form of taxation is destined to become increasingly onerous. The ideal thing would be a thorough recasting of the nation's entire fiscal structure with a view to equitable apportionment of the tax burden. Until that is done, gasoline probably will continue to be an attractive object for the conscienceless and never-satisfied political spenders. YET THE COAT MAO A BURM IK UBFT POCK&T HA/ WTBRE X ABOUT COAT- SLOWLY, A SEBR1M& OP HRB SEEMS TO EMVBL.OP TE«5S' -SENSES. HER HEART POUNDS WITH A AUTOMATICALLY, AS \F DRAWN THERE BY A M\£HTY MAGNET E<SS HMOS HERSEUF IN THE MURDER ROON\-PAOM<^ THE VERY BED IN WHICH MARGOT DIED.' HOUOS HER THERE.
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