The Ogden Standard-Examiner from Ogden, Utah on October 3, 1971 · Page 4
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The Ogden Standard-Examiner from Ogden, Utah · Page 4

Ogden, Utah
Issue Date:
Sunday, October 3, 1971
Page 4
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4A Ogden Standard-Examiner, Sunday,-October 3, 1971 • $266 o to Japan as a trading partner Tins vivid aviw shows seemingly'tranquil Sydney harbor. Circular building at cent<S; clued Australia Square.'New opera house juts over water in foreground. Japan Looms Large in Australia's Trade Future; Britain Fades Away SYDNEY, Australia (UPI)— Commonwealth ties notwithstanding, the days are gone when .Australian businessmen looked to Britain as their mam trading partner. Increasingly, in the last 10-years, it has been the Asian -market .—especially Japan v —that •• has loomed largest"far; Australians-.. : -' . >• In lust .the last;' with Japan;-has nearly-doubled, accouriSng'-f or "nearly" '.toe-third of all A-ostralian.: .exports; -Ten vears • ago--, 21-5 : pen .cent.'- of Australia's - total, exports; went to the Unite'ds "Kingdom,: -compared with 17.4' , per , .cent Japan. . : .':-:~/.-.", , ;;'"''. L:\ GOODS, MATEIilALS;'.;; 1 ,; In 1971, Australia is-,expbrtinff 28 per cent of its goods. -aa± materials to Japan, only .'13 per; cent to Britain.. • - ^* This reversal of directions for the bottle of Scotch on the (nowadays. So toe Australian kitchen' shelf comesXfrom the .when asked how he feels ..-about UK and the man who can|Britain becoming a Common - • Market partner, is likely- to afford it still favors a 'Bond Street suit or a pair of British made shoes. AUSSIE VVOOL.-^;^ But the 1average"; -Australian today drives ~ah Australian-built automobile,' .wears'; -day-to-day, clothes - • of- • Australian, • ..wool, Hong -:-Kbhg-' ,silk7 v o"r "Japanese: Australian trade is expected to be accelerated when Britain joins the European Common Market and Australians —not entirely without some unease — are preparing for it. Individually, Australians do not seem to be too bothered by shrug and say, "We' mate. We'll be right." , v.What concerns. Australian business more! just .now is .how. the new United States economic prograni will affect its trade future. Australia's"- biggest single <2 in can 'turns to the exoticrhe. --pick up an imported; Japanese model much cheaper than .its British counterpart;'.; -^ The favorite Australian;- bey-* ; erage ; ^Australian beer^aiid, '' weH it's' time .for 4TiW,i^l»t.G*iJi«*-*. 1 '-«^_-"j -• •* —-T-, .--——. ---, .. -- f .. are-aVailable^tooC and .a,, ; speciaL '- '- AnsfraHair •• : wine -•- .'-&oni - - , -the. fafiKnis-Barossa Valley. "-''"" Australians eat prime Australian beef or New Zealand meat. JThe vegetables are home grown. LIKELY TO SHRUG In fact, by official figures Editor's Noli - Kibul Sinjli, f.rmi .small inherited tract of l.nd in Indli's Uttir Pridtdi **•***•:» •"• of the ptoplt th» "frceeni Revolution Is helping. H. is bttcr off «Hit most but-«s Ws story shows-tliir isn't really viry well off. MONDOLA VILLAGE, India (UPI)_By the standards of rural India,. Kabul-'Singh is a wealthy arid successful man. He owns' 'four, -tattered shirts, cannot read or write, but .grows enough food on his farm to feed us family'-well and sell Som.e 'or a profit. ' . .Singh is .a'-thin, brown-skinned man with sparse gray hair and etubble of beard, who-laughs easily to reveal his two remaining front teeth. He lives on the same spot of ground where he was born, a village complex that holds about 7,000 sersons. ABOUT 54 He is not sure of his age, but based on his own figure that be was about 14 years old when he married.--and-his eldest daughter's statement 'that she is 40, Singh would be about. 54 or 55. That is about six years.-above the average 'life expectancy in India. -'. . Like approximately 70- per cent of India's 547 million, Singh's - life revolves , around tilling of the land. Wealth in rural- India stems from land and the amount of food that can be-grown on it, and Smgn is far luckier than most landowners. His two elder brothers died SUCCESSFUL by standards of rural India, Kabul Singh farms 40- acres in area of Uttar Pradesh State, earning $256 yearly. The thin, brown-skinned man is not sure of his age, but it's estimated at about 55 — six years above average life expectancy in India. between puffs on a hookah containing home-grown tobacco. :hree charpoys (beds stretched across a -problem today where land the'United .States when the world ,„„. „ „ 'currency and trade crisis has settled down. ' . ^.'-Ariy serious tapering off 4 of 'Japanese exports to the United States would be followed atftomatically by a reduction in S lives very Sr True, corn! from the United Kingdom 'higher. :xports to Japan _ in primary products and Minerals.- Coal, iron ore, manganese, copper, lead and zinc account for $420 million dollars of the annual total. Other important items include wool- ($225 million), wheat ($45 million),' sugar ($33 million) and meats ($26 million). From any standpoint, Austra- j-^^ \,1Y \J ^.iww* •»- — •while Singh was a boy and he became heir to a landholdmg of almost 40 acres in'an area of Uttar Pradesh state where the soil is;among the most fertile m India. i GOOD FORTUNE The extent of Singh's 'pod fortune can be judged from figures that show his farm'is inore.than five times as big as the .'average landhblding,••' in India. The- same, figures -,show, three-fourths . of Indians ,rural families -own; less -tlian. five acres of ground of none at all. Many of the small'' 'landholders and landless hire .themselves out as agricultural labor, to landowners such as Singh al a wage of about two rupees (26 cents) plus three meals each day. For them, the very task of survival can be more than a full-time job. With ' a visiting reporter, Singh relaxed in the combined | living and sleeping room of his dirt-floored house, poured tea from a cracked china- teapot and described his daily life The ZINC TANK only furniture besides of rope wooden frame) was a. big zinc tank that ran from floor to ceiling across about one-third of the room. Singh explained that the tank was where he stored, his grain. "It's the only place I can trust it," he said in Hindi. Each morning, Singh said, he arises at about four, takes his draft bullocks and hikes the field— ,^^,-v — — — empty stomach. He owns a pair of rubber " slippers but rarely wears them because he says educated guess because Singh does not own a clock. Singh is a Hindu like about 70 per cent of India's population drid as such the cow is sacred o him. "The milk is the sole source of my health," he says: 'It is why.:,I hard." BACK TO FIELDS After a midday siesta, Singh joes back: to- the fields until sundown. Then he walks ( the mile and-a half-to-his home'for he fourth tune in a day, feeds lis animals arid beds down oh a charpoy for the night with a piece of sacking for a cover. The daily routine never varies, except when it rains or on occasions when Singh journeys by bus to nearby New Delhi. There he.buys saris for his wife and daughters anc medicine that is unavailable in Mondola, which has no doctor He also allows- himself an occasional-luxury of a package of store-bought cigarets in New 'Delhi. "I am a little scared] and people there," he says, "but still I go." Singh's efforts on his farm produce about 24,000 pounds'"o£ wheat and other -crops each year,- a yield which he says has increased by 50 per cent in. the past 10. years -because of improved seed and irrigation. FEED THE FAMILY The major part of the crop goes to feed the family, Singh's nine animals which live in a courtyard ' adjoining the house and;' kitchen,, and his hired abor. The remainder is sold. After wages to his hired help and taxes of about 500 rupees ($66), Singh says he averages about 2,000 rupees ($266) in income - each...year, ..most of which he says goes s for necessities. It he has cash savings, he is- not about to admit in the presence of strangers. . - . Singh has no surviving son, considered a bad omen in much of '.Asia. But he has six daughters and 17 grandchildren, which gives an idea of why India now accounts for ons- seventh of the world's total population. HIGH SCHOOL The farmer has "adopted" the eldest son of his eldest daughter and is putting the boy through a government high school at what he regards as prohibitive cost of eight rupees ($1,08) a month. The " part of about 30 per India's population that how to read and write. ^.-; •*•• Like most people of peasant stock, Singh does . not, thinfc much about happenings in,-the world outside his village-and:-is distrustful of politicians, saViqg they , only com.e' to M«n3o!a when they need votes. Ku^3JS; voted for the party of -Prinw. Minister Mrs. Indira GaEaSS and contributed to her lopsjdm majority win in last spwag*s parliamentary elections ~ she -made a brief visit village. ' "I knew her from h«r he said. "Her father (Jawahaf- lal Nehru) was a Brahmin^-acd pundit, and she must '£(££$. pundit also." Brahmins ane-ioe highest: caste of Hindus "po® 1 ^ pundit means a person who'>is 'very wise. . '."~^ mile and a half to his field- barefoot and on an Sears they make him^ feel _ uncomfor- liiey. maw; imu iccj. u.ii-viiii."'. »-«— —-..-. — „ table: His -waking time is an I toilet-facilities? Problem of Seating STOCKHOLM (AP) —, A United' Nations official urged a world forestry conference to welcome women into the profession and asked, "Can we seriously afford to cut ourselves off from the potential intellectual ' input of one-half of humanity because of the problems in establishing : separate COMPLETE DRAPERY GLEAN AND REHANG SERVICE 399-1815 1775 Washington Blvd. NIGHT " ' • ""'&£/':•• " : ''' ''£•':•. Monday Thru Friday Until 9 p.m. S^urdayrtUL 6 p-m. '' '' ' CfcWwell ii !•• :- . . • gar hours Salt Lake, Ogden, Boise and Idaho Falls Sunday noon till 5 p.m. iTROCK 16 •4xlO- 1 / 2 G.P. PLANET 4x10-3/8 ill 4x12-^ *2 25 CEMENT S« 4'xS'in two colors • SATURN • TAN each ^o COMPARE! bag I. <*>.?£• FURNACE 1" sizes 2" sizes ea. ea. l-ssC, COMPOUND ea. KNOTTY CEDAR 5 ea . $|| 99 I lea. • NATURAL BIRCH $ 4 95 . $ 5 4 * • REAL ROSE WOOD r sTH:c I V-V.C ,< 'y4v*H& fe,rt-^ b^^-> G.P. 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