The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 4, 1945 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

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Thursday, January 4, 1945
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State Historical Society THE lOLA REGI VOLUME XLVIII No. 59 The Weekly Register, Established 1867: The lola Deily Keeister, Established 1897. lOLA, KAS., THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 4, 1945. SDOCCSSOT to The lols Daily Register, Tb* lola Daily Record, and lola Daily Inde^ SIX PAGES + + + The WAR TODAY + + + "BY DEWITT MACKENZIE The American First army's new counlcr-offensive against the northern flank of Nazi Marshal Von Rimdstedt s Belgian : bulge affords soiid encouragmcnt but shouldn't lu|-e Us once more into the pleasant but dangerous fields of over-optimism'. The cold fact is that the crisis of thp great German a.ssault hasn't yet been passed. Out- General Kodges' drive in the Grandmenil sector- officially reported today as making good progress against stiff- reslst- iyrjce—must be regarded as of a de- J.yive nature at this juncture. Of course if the First army pui^h is'. successful it wrili complement General Patton's sensational drive noxthward into the southern flank of'the bulge and so will threaten to cut orff the bulge at the base. This would enclose large German forces in. a sack. However, that's merely a potentiality. The actjuallty Is that Hodges' attack is essential for the . security of the Allied! lines north of the bulge. The American forces have regained the initiative about the perimeter of the bulge, but on the southern flank of the| AUled line the Germans are on the offensive in the Sarreguemines - Bitche - Lauterbourg zone and have made some progress. Their main purposes are to copipel us to divert fofces from other areas, and to oust us jfrom the Saar region, but we may be sure that if thpj' .<;houId succeed : in making a break-through anywhere, this would be explnlted to the utmost in a drive into Prance, The Weather KANSAS—Partly cloudy tonight and Friday; colder extreme southeast, somewhat wanner west tonight except extreme northwest; lowest 15 north, 18-30 south; colder north Friday aft«moon. Temperature—Highest for the 24 hours ending 5 p. m. yesterday, 32, lowest last night 25: normal for today 32; deficiency yesterday 7 degrees; deficiency since January 1. 32 degrees; this date last year— highest 37; lowest 32. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, .0; total for this year to date. .0: deficiency since January 1, .12 inches. Sunrise 8:39 a. m.: set 6:16 p. m. Thenno^ph Readings Ending; 8 a. m. Today. 9 a. m 18 9 p. m. 10 a. m 19 10 p. m. 11 a. m 19 12 noon ...20 1 p. m. 2 p. m. 3 p. m. 4 p. m. 5 p. m. 6 p. m. 7 p. m. 8 p. m. .21 24. 25 27 29 30 31 32 11 p. m. 12 m 1 a. m. 2 a. m. 3 a. m. 4 a. m. 5 a. m. 6 a. m. 7 a. m. 8 a. m. 32 32 32 32 . 30 28 . .27 . ...27 ...26 26 26 25 Thas on the whole yon Rundstedt, . while he has lost the initiative at lea.st temporarily on jthe perimeter of the bulge, still is able in consld- . erable degree to make as dance to his fiddling. ; The probabiliti(>s lire that the PtGerman commander .nil! Is looklns . for a soft .spot on tho north of the bflRe through which he might make -fijothcr thrii.st towards Liege and thence on to Antwerp. Loss of the ,Kr<*at rommtmlcatiorLs center of Lifigc would be a terrific blow to the Allies, and If the port of Antwerp were put out of commission it would be an awful catastrophe. Tw^o-gun Patton continues to be the great hero of theibloody drama of the buls;e. He the absolute key- ytone of the Allied poisition. Or you might say he's the monkey-wrench in the machinery of Von Rundstedt's bffeasive. Tlie big salient which Patton has driven into the Germ.in southern flank about Bastogne has beien the main obstacle to a fresh Nazi as.sault in the north towards Liege. Latest field dispatches .say the Ny.^i commander is brlnglr.g ' up .strong reinforcements to the Bastogne zone. Von Ruiid-^tedts position within the bulge is increasingly dangerous. He is deep in enemy country and the base of his long salient is far too narrow for comfort. Moreover, communications in.side the bulee are bad, so that-on the whole the German general likely would find it extremely difficult even now to get his forces out of the bulge without terrible lo.sscs. Predicts Clear Cold Weather TopekH. Jan. 4. (AP) —Kan.sas ha,s See Stormy Session Leaders Doubt Easy Sailing for Administration Measures Despite Demo. Majority Washington, Jan. 4. (AP)—Storm signals were hoisted today over the newly-launched 79th congress. A huge question mark arose over the ability of the administration to command a constant majority in the house, as a Republican-Democratic coalition overrode Democratic leaders on the opening day of the congress to put the old, so-called Dies committee on a permanent basis. In a thumping, noisy opening for the new congress, the house Republican-Democratic combine sailed to a 207 to 186 victorj—a surprising development. in view of the large Democratic gat-,s of house seats in the November election. Hoped For Easy Sailing The Democrats had a hoase majority of only two seats wher. they went into the election, and administration leaders hoped for easier voyaging when the party gained a majority of 243 to 190 Republicans. But yesterday's vote was reminiscent of the repeated reversals the adminlstrationlsts suffered in the last congress. It came just after Speaker Rayburn (D.. Tex.t, made a harmony appeal to the new congress. That the house has no intention of putting off a decision on controversial matters was emphasized when Chairman May (D.. Ky.>. called a meeting of the. military affairs committee for tomorrow to decide waht action to take on the man- j ~ power recommendations of War Mo- i f red hastham DieS Outline County Food Goal Farmers Hear Details Of Program for 1945; Asks Increase in Some Crops, Less in Others Allen county's food production goals for 1945 were outlined yesterday at the Community building in Riverside park by LawTence Norton, chariman of the state AAA Committee. The program calls for a reduction in the production of several crops and an increase in others. The food goals asked by the War Food Administration are based upon the assumption that the war will last through most of 1945, Mr. Norton said. The quotas of various foods have been determined by the experience gained in three years of war and the expected needs of our civilian population, the armed forces and the shipments to our allies through lend lease during the year. Carefully Worked Ont The program for Kansas has been carefully worked out, Mr. Norton said, to insure the state's production of agricultural products which will be needed from this area. Specific quotas for some commodities are yet to be determined for Allen county but the recommendations for the county are as follows: Corn—A slight increase In production. Oat.s—Normal production. Barley—No increase over 1944. Sorglium-s-Le.ss should be grown than in 1944. Tame Hay—Production should be increased. State goal for the year 107<^ of the 1944 crop. -Same production as Nazi^ Killed to Sflence Cries is Sov Bean.' in 1944. Flax—About twice as much as in 1944. Potatoe.'-—Both Irish and sweet potato crop should at least equal Chat of 1944. Alfalfa, sweet clover and red clover seed production should be maintained at last year's level. Milk—Full production should be maintained. Both the number of milk cows and the amount of milk produced should be Increased. Egcs—No state goal but there is no siiortagp of eegs now. Indications are that production will exceed 1944's. Pis.s—The state goal Ls 131'^ of 194 -t ai'.d the .spring pig crop should be increased at least 15'^c here compared with last year. Full details of the program may ije secured from the lola office of the AAA. bilization Director Byrnes. Lonesome lola Boy Fails To Get Yule Call Through This might be an advertisement for the Bell Telephone company but It's just a sincere .storv- of a lonesome lola boy who didn't get to talk to his mother on Christmas. The boy is Rtissell (Rusty > Pearman. S2c. a former Register carrier, who joined the navy last September and was given 72 hours shore leave at Memphis, Tennes.see. for Christmas. Rusty wrote to his mother. Mrs. Edgar Pearman. 422 South Oak .street, as follows: "Dear Polks: I 'm .sorry I didn't phone home on Chri.stmas bur I put a phone call in at 12:30 Christmas day and waited until 9 p. m. and finally got too tired and gave it up. Eight and a half hours is one heck of a long wait. "I didn't enjoy Chr^.'^tmiis Day very -----^ „.„,ther ohrari 1 niuch. All I did besides trying to no-radical change in feather ahead telephone call home wa-s to Weatherman S. p. Flora sald_. and I ^^^^^ ^^^k^^^^ ^.^^ V. s. o. "I didn't have anyone with me because they don't all like to do th", .same things I like to do. I siwnt, my 72 hour leave all by myself. Here is a poem I- wrot^- entitled. "My First Chri.stmas in Servlc." The last four lines of Rusty's verso to his mother were: "But when the war is over I 'll be there and not alone On my next Christmas Day With all the folks at hom.e." predicted more clear skies and cold f^r totlay and tomorrow. '1^'No moisture wa.s recorded during the last 24 hours, but Flora said '.some might have fallen In extreme northeastern parts since .03 of an inch •A'as reported lit St. Jo.seph, Mn., just across the line. Cold still hung on north and west of the state and freezing rain was falling at Oklahoma! City but .skies were clear over Kansas this morning. Highest temperature repwrted in the s.tate yesterday was 52 at Dodge CHy. Last night PhilUpsburg was lo'sv with 11. I •Temperatures today were expected to ranee between 28 and 35 in eastern portions and from 35 to 4<| in the we.stern pdrt. 'TorhortDW will be | a little colder with highs falline | around 25-30. Lows tonight will be from tO to After Long Illness (Snorml to The R»li«l«r) Humix>ldt. Jan. 4.—Fred Eastham, 65. died at the home of his foster brother. WiUard Eastham. yesterday morning following a long Illness. He was born at PortervlUe. Kas., the son of Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Eastham. who were pioneer residents of Humboldt. He was married to Miss Sadie Strait, who preceded him in death last April. He was engaged in the farming industry and spent his entire life in the vicinity of Porterville. Funeral services will be held at the Porterville church at 2 o'clock tomorrow afternoon, and the body will be brought to Humboldt, with b\irial in Mt. Hope cemetery at 4 o'clock. Sunivors include two sisters, Mrs. Maude Brenner, of Waterville, Kas., Mrs. Helen Bunn. of Bartlesville, Okla.. and his foster brother, WIll- ard Eastham, of Humboldt, with I whom he had made his home during his illness. Sgt. Van Smith Jr. Wounded in Action Sgt. Van V, Smith Jr.. .son of Van V Smith. R. R. 1. Colony, was wounded in action in the Mediterranean area of the war, according to an announcement today from the war department in which a total of 3.076 soldiers were listed as wounded. • The Germans passed this way and left this tragit scene, perhaps the worst kind in all of war's terrible destructiveness. An American solder looks at the body of a six-year-old boy who was shot with other chUdren^near Stavelot by advancing Germans to silence their cries. Bodies! were foimd when the enemy retreated.—INE/X Telephoto.) First Army Bites Into German Bulge Japs Report Heavy Raid On Formosa In Preparation for "Daring Offensives", Says Tokyo Radio; New Mindoro Landings 'By the AsuieUted Preia) Hundreds of American carrier pjanes supported by China-based B-293 raided Formosa and the Okinawa Islands Wednesday and today, Japanese broadcasts reported, in preparation for "a succession of daring offensives" |o win "-a quick decision injthe Philippines." The Japanese Dbmei news agency linked the "dartqg enemy forays" with "an enemy task force escorting a;transport convoy" throtigh Philippine waters "seemingly to effect new-landings.'" Last Seven Honrs Imperittl 'commimiques said in broadcasts recorded by the Federal Communications Commission that 500 AUied planes raided Formosa and Okiijawa Wednesday and 400 returned to the attack today. Both strikes, made largely by carrier planes. U^sted nearly seven hours. The Pacific fleet had previously an- noimced the first raid. ' The size of the blow, as reported by enemj headquarters, compared to the devastating raids hi October which preceded the Philippine invasion. ^Superforts from China joined in ihose strikes. New Mindoro Landings On MiKdoro Island, where the Yanks lauded on the southwest coast at San Jose December 15' to set up an air base from which bombers now jire softening up Luzbn, MacArthcr reported shore-to-shore landings on the east coast and just north of ^an Jose. The exsct sites of those landings were cloaf:ed in secrecy but the one north of the original invasion scene would cut down the distance to Manila, already less than 150 miles. The landings were unopposed, making irtmecessary any preparatory nav^ gimfire. The east coast landing was at dawn Monday, the other at dawn Tuesday. Claim Ships Sunk (Tokyo -radio, which daily has been reporting American convoys on the move 'in the Philippines, claimed Thursday; that Japanese planes (Cantt^ned an PBsa C No. t) FDR iMay Broadcast Message to Congress Washington, Jan. 4. (AP)— President Roosevelt is thinking of driving l^ls aiinual message home to the American people Saturday by submitting It to congress and theji putting It on the air in person. That's the procedure he followed last year. He sent the "state of the union" message to Capitol Hill at noon January 11, then read it almost word for word over the radio the same night. Nazis Dent Russian Lines First Counteroffensive Since October Forces Reds Back , North of Budapest By EDDY OILMORE 'Moscow, Jan. 4. (AP) — Mobile warfare raged between Budapest and Vienna today as a huge German tank and infantry force, mounting the first German counteroffensive on the eastern front since October, sought to j break through Russian lines to the relief of the surrounded garrison in the Hungarian capital. In the last two days the Russians had given ground and it was probable that more would have to be yielded, although the Russians appeared to be getting the situation In hand The German counterassault was sprung from the area Nagoya in Flames After B-20 Attack Washhigtoi^ Jan. 4. (AP)— Bomb-cratere^/ Nagoya, Japan's third largest city, was smoldering today from a smashing daylight assault by mighty Super­ fortresses. ; The Saipan-based B-29s kindled large fjres and attained good results,.the war department annouiiced, when they ripped into Negoya yesterday for the fourth tl^ie. One Superfprtress was lost to enemy action in th^ target area. The planes of the 21st bomber command bag^ one enemy interceptor, prol^bly brought down nine more and damaged others. StiU Fight In Greece Strife Rfiges Unabated As New Premier Takes Office, LJrges Peace Atheas, Jan. 4. (AP)—Gen. Nicholas Plastlras, pleader of the 1922 revolution, took over the burdened premiership of: Greece today with the declaration, that the first task was "full restoration of the states Pound Forward 3 Miles Powerful Forces Punch Out Gains In Blizzard; Nazis Gain in Bitche Area Manpower Clamp Reflects Loss Of Optimism by High Officials BY JAMES M.\RLOW . Washington, Jan. 4. (AP).—The sudden crackdown on draft-deferred farmers is the latest chapter in a tions. American Casualties Climb to 6.38.1^9 ^•Washington, Jan. ! 4. (AP)—Exclusive of the bitter [German coun- • teiroffensive. American combat Msualties through Dec. 21 totaled 018 ,139. This was an increase of 9M9 over the total announced last I tvieek for the period through December 14. •Secretary of War. Stimson told in the riorthern hjilf of the state | ^to ^-VhaT is grim and shows how and from 15-20 in the southern sec- officials have changed their tune. I - The number of men squeezed into ! 1 the army from farms probably will' jbe just a drop in the bucket. 1 War Mobillzer Byrnes wants draft j boards to go over their list of 364.000 men aged IE through 25—deferred as farm workers—and ferret out the unneeded The farm draft boards are supposed to liave done this already, repeatedly. It's to be assumed—and Then the Germans fought back. But the war had been costing us men: Up to August 29— which was 32 months and 22 days after Pearl I committee and of the senate war in- Harbor—total army casualties in all WouldJReplace Service Employes With 4-F8 Washlnffton, Jan. 4. (AP)— Senator Kilgore (D.. W. Va.) caUed today for replacement of civilian army and'navy employees with uiii- formed 4-P's to halt what he termed a "wasting of manpower." Contending there are thousands of such employees who could better aid In the "war effort by transferring to Industrial Jobs, Kilgore voiced his views in commenting on War Mobilization Director Byrnes' suggestion for i^roader controls over men rejected for military service. A member of the potent militar>' Germans Far From Beaten New Weapons, Adequate Supplies Point To Long Fight Ahead Bern, Jan. .4. 'AP)—Information from inside Germany, discountiivg Nazi propaganda, indicates that German annit^s equipped with a series of new; we^ipons , must be reckoned a figftting force capable of continued effective resistance—perhaps for man^ mphths. Moreover, the JvTazls apparently believe they can 5»111 win the war by taking advintatje of Allied mis- i takes and difficulties; Reports dealing-with ^the German militarj- situation and of secret weapons comiiig from a half-dozen Independent sources in the Reich stress these fattors: of Komarom, I a^Danube river town 45 miles north- j west of Budapest. .The German-Hungarian garri-son in Budapest, where the Russians have overrun 1,062 city blocks, was ^^nT ^rua%1Ke^re'l |ar;a °orAverof>^ P where EU.S lievlng force. Nearly a third of the eastern sec- ! nours. Rrobably Struck Tuesday The exact time the Germans launched their counterattacks in the Komarom area has not been Paris, Jan. 4. (AP) — American First army infantry and tanks fought three miles forward in the new offensive again.st the north flank of the Belgian bulge by 8 a. m. and continued the advance today through a blinding snowstorm, it was di^- clo.sed at supremo hcadqua - ters. The advance reached to witl;ir 13"4 miles of Third army vanguard • in the south in the Bastogne sect'^r The gains were along a si.x mil • front on both sides of Grandmr: .'. 20 miles north of Bastogne. Thref tf five miles north and northeast that bastion town on the soutl.'ir. flank of the German penetra'ion. the U. S. Third army was halted b-.- violent counter-attacks against Hi'- heroic 101st airborne divLsion. Fight in BUizard Half the gains below Grand-r.r r.:I were made in the flr.st e'.qht 'ui'.i'-. after Lt. Gen. Cdurtney H. H( ii:-.' resilient army went over thf t^p Weather worsened. Snowt'nnns turned into blizzards. Field M:;rsh::l Von Rundstedt reacted swiftly witli tank-supported counterattacks (The CSermans said British turn'.', •ine Koveriunciii. am^.^, ...-v.j, --.were participating in the new of- a full restoration of the state's au-lfensive and that the U. S. 9'h nrni.thorlty: secondl>-, the return of pub- had been rolled up froin Aach. n • thirdly,! ^ dispatch from the Seventh jrniv Even as the new premier addressed an appeal to the ELAS to lay down theh- arms, however, several mortar shells landed in rapid succession In tj.ie center of Athens. Fighting raged unabated in the resistance'was V;ltter. "I've always loeen a soldier in my OntUnes Aims The government aims, firstly, at ine R.omarom area »"« i.pn^ices to * heir duties; third v. IV aPP «^f„ J"^^ iunder Axis occupation; fourthly, im-' threatentag C--->in thru.st s<.;;'h of nlomlng in tlie snowy dawn. The HMJSt recent official accounU * the advance on Komaron had men I-'- mediate attention to the relief and j Bitche had beer, blunted ar.a rehabilitation p'rogram and the rais- Q^^. Alexander M. Patch '.s 01 me a°vf«* °« ' tag of the sta^rd of living." ! were hammering steadily at Hnnks ' Reaction of ^the ^S to the; of the enemy salient, acl.;e..in. e»St of the city. / _ . ., The German air force has been giving increasing support to the attacking armor and infantry. Other Fronts London. Jan. 4. (AP)—jGerman reports of Allied bomt)ers approaching from the south, apparently U. S. 15th Alrforce Flying Fortresses and Liberators from Italy, heralded the 13th straight daylight attack on the j Reich today. While a fluke might end the war | - up imtll noon there was no warning of bomber formations Invading tomorrow, or a new Allied offensive might quicldy smath Nazi forces, it appears (I) that tile Germans have sufficient gasoline to carry out their present battle plan-; (2) new secret weapons are boiiig turned out steadily in underground'factories, and (3) troop reinforc<tmerits are still available In large quantity. In Position T6 Knpw It Is difficult to determine the degree these informants have- \m- consciously absorbed Nazi propaganda, but they are in a position to be well informed and liave proved reliable In the past. Observers In Berjin arc convinced the Nazis had far greater under- groimd stores of gasoline than the Allies believed. Synthetic gasoline Is still being maniiiactured, and the Germans need far ;Ies5 fuel for their operations than liV the days when the Luftwaffe went out steadily. These Infoimant^ believe firmly that "V-weapons," ;being turned out in undergrouhd factories In Czeclio- slovakla as well as in the Reich, now number up to ten. They say a new (Continued on P»tt 8. No. S) (jermany from the west—a sign that the weather might be halting tha record winter string of 12 consecutive days of raids by the U. S. Eighth Air Force from Britain. common confidence'/ cabinet formed 1 some advances' by Plastrias wat; awaited as an indi- j force Yanks Bark cation of Plast >ra3' /chances of sue- j Persistent German attack; fi'i-ii c&ss in restoring pe4ce. ithe Saar to the Rhine, however lial No representative-of the ELAS is' forced the Americans iron-, in-iv In the new cabinet, but the new foldings In the German Pa.'atinaf foreign minister^ John Sofianopolous, past of the Wissembourg gi^p nnl was a possible flnk with the faction. I from all except the Snarl.Tuf'?rii , j bridgehead in the Saarland. Few Japanese-Americans ; German advances of up to four •D««lr WTkct r '^ocf Vr.f miles in Lorraine reached alino:-t lo tSaCK 10 west l-.0asi lei .Reipertswillcr. si.': mlles below Sitc-h" -^f land ju.st 13 miles north of Saverne San Francisco, Jan. 4. (AP)—Ion the Allied lifeline the Uhiw Only a handful of Japanese-Ameri- city of Strasbourg. A small for-e of cans left relocation centers for their .^^mericans was u-ithdrawn f;om .-i west coast homes yesterday, the corner of Bitche itself. A basuon of ITALY Rome, Jan. 4. (AP)—Canadian troops have captured the village of Conventello, two miles ea.st of Al- fonslne on the Ravenna-Ferrera highway after Inflicting heavy casualties on picked German forces, AUled headquarters armounced today. Approximately 100 prisoners were taken In the advance, a communi­ que said. Southeast Asia (Command Headquarters, Kandy, Ceylon, Jan. 4. (AP)—British 14th Army troops have captured positions both north and east of Kanbalu, one of the strongest centers of Japanese resistance remaining in northern Burma, Admiral Lord Louis Mountbat- ten's headquarters announced today. first day after- the lifting of the •army's exclusiois order. The war relocation authority .said that while flg^es were .still far' from conclusive'; the trend seemed to be eastward.^ At the Topaz^ Utah, center. Project Director h- T. Stafford said only 30 Japane.^'e-Americans of the entire 6.000 In yie camp had asked permission to rj-tum' to their former homes thi.s--month. Plan Ban On National I Convention« for 1945 J^. 4.. 'AP)—A conventions for ban the the old Maginot line. Against Heavy Opposition Hodges, shoving .slowly bu^ lo-.v-r- fuUy south from Grandmenil. • to encounter s'ron^T el .•i':;.'. the enemy army. Hi» wa.s p -i;li'.'.-. . boldly straight toward one '>f tii--- heaviest concentratlon-s of G rni.a]-. power on the front. The G'^y.v'i marshal committed another tank .... vision against the Bar.toene .s'^cur- Of the ten German divisions ritjh;- ing Patton, half are tank or '-in:-; grenadiers units. The Americans were regalrJ'K- br yards what the Gemiaiis in rii^-ir surprise offensive gained by mi'.".but the ancr>- and battered dnui;!!- boys knew from the out.set that th" j going would be slow and tough rind New York, on national rest of the year, 1945 Ls being pre-1 , , , , , pared by the Offices of War Mobili- 1 *"«''e declared prepared for It. zatlon -and of Dfefense Tran.sporta- tlon, the American Transit As.socia- tlon reported to^iay. The plan was^ related in a telegram to War M>blllzaHlon Director Byrnes from CIJ»1. Roane Waring. , president of the>ATA, offering co- I operation In suclj a move. Seventy-Ninth Congress Convenes theaters were 337,743. But In the next 3'j months—between August 29 and December lithe announced army casualties soared by another 210,000. So in 3 "4 months we had suffered two-thirds as many casualties as we had suffered In the previous 32',;; months. But since December 14—when the army last released Its casualty list— the Germans put on their offensive here—that most of the 364,000 wiU be foimd still needed on farms. a ne-ivs conference partment has not accurate .statement and materiel losses the Nazi diiv If-unl 16. He added it wlH be some time before a report is avallaWe. the 'War Deet received an of personnel resulting from bhed December that's the opinion of informed people | which cost us heavily. And now—in January and February—the army wants its draft calls , upped from 60,00 to 80,000 a month. Last April draft calls were abov.tjA big share of these draftees will 200,000. As the army and navy got jcome from the youths reaching 18. up to peak strength, draft calls i On Monday Byrnes said be wanted started dropping. Only men through 25 wert needed. 18 j 4-Fs between 18 and 38 forced into I war jobs or mto the enny if they 're We'inv-adecl Europe, the Germans j not in essential work. Now he cracks I looked sick, and draft calls dropped. | (ContUmed en Fase s, N«. 11 vestigating committee, ^Ugore emphasized that he still Is studying the manpower problem and may offer ^leclflij.proposals later. He cited as an example civilian personnel "in such places as England and the Southwest Pacific and said there are "thousands ot who could replace them. Luftwaffe Stronger Now Than On D-Day Paris, Jan. 4. (AP)—The German air. force now is numerically stronger than on D-Day as the rest^t of its policy of con- serratioij and continued pio- duction,:and shows signs of sa.' perior leadership, a aenlor Allied ah- - force officer said today. Sales Tax Collections Reach New Hiffh in State Topeka, Jan. 4. (AP)—Kin .is sales tax collections reached a r(':- ord high of $17,291.1511 during 19H according to William Ljungdah'. chairman of the .Slate Tax Camml-- ston. I The total. Inclitding bo'h the I per cent sales tax and compensat ling taxes for outstate reti^l purch- a.ses. represented a 9 30 per cent gain over 1943's fiz^rc. SHAEF Won't Give Total Allied Losses view of the housi chamber as the 79ttt Congress opened with a prayer by the Rev. Ja^es Shera Montgom- • ery, chaplain of the house.—(NEA Telephoto.) Paris. Jan. 4. fAP)—Supremf^ headquarters took the position today that A'.li'^l lo.sse.s were a phase of the war which it could not cover—that the announcements must be left to the respective govemment.s. Admittedly this makes for an incomplete picture of the battle In which the Allies have lost heavily, as have the Germans, whose losses are being reported here. American casualties are announced periodically in Washington by the war department, but in a form which makes it virtually Impossible to associate them with any specific front, .sector or pha.sc of the fight. Canadian casualties are an- • nounced at Ottawa and British losses ir I'^-^^'on, also In blanket terms. It is n c'.ear here whether SHAEP's reluctance to release the western front figures by armies or In other correlated form is due to objections by any one of the governments concerned, or all of them.

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