j¥ ton Evenin S Telegraph Thursday, Dec. 31, 1970 • • •What We think about..* Rededlcation ior the New Year . . . A opportunity ahead 'Traditionally the New Year's arrival is ft time for review of the past year, a iime for stock-taking, and a time to look forward Into the months ahead. Traditionally, too, we think of the advent of the new year as a time for renewed opportunity; as a time to start over. We say nothing here about resolutions. To the Christian world the new year's advent is actually symbolic of that faith's very center: The new chance in life. We say symbolical, and it's worthwhile to place this annual emphasis on the principle through symbolism — if we can bring ourselves to relate the two. For the new chance continuously is the basis of Christianity. Some call it forgiveness; some redemption. But if Christianity ever preached a dynamic of life, it is the doctrine that each Readers* forum How to join It is 10 p.m. Christmas evening as I write. The i children are in bed and I am .relaxing for the first time 'during the day. It has been .a wonderful and joyful day, though, and I would not ,; change a minute of it. , As I sat here remembering the happenings of the day, a 'public service announcement came on the television. It was, a March of Dimes request for volunteers to serve in the Mothers March on Birth Defects. I thought that this would .be an organization I would like to give my services to. ' I tried to find a listing, in the telephone book, 'but discovered none. I called information and asked for a number to call. ; The operator said there was •no number in this area to call. I want to help the ;• Mothers March. Maybe someone can tell me whom to call. MRS. DEANE WULF, 417 Williams, Bethalto (EDITOR'S NOTE: For the benefit of other potential .volunteers, city chairmen in 'the Alton - Wood River area , are: Alton, Mrs. Joseph Finn; • .Bethalto, Joe Higgins; Cot- ;tage Hills and Forest Homes, Mr. and Mrs. Howard Hawk; East Alton, Oliver Fraley; Edwardsville, Mr. and Mrs. James McLaughlan; Godfrey, Mrs. James Grauel.) time we genuinely decide we have done the wrong thing and want to improve, we have that chance. While man's institutions may require various forms of retribution for wrongs — and necessarily so sometimes as a deterrent to erring of human conduct — the basic Christian doctrine offers us as humans renewed opportunity in the right course iti> mediately Upon our reaching of a decision to follow it. Voluminous discussion about the quality of life in the five-county Telegraph area has been minted and heard in the past year. Many progressive moves have been made, and some setbacks registered. A review of what's positive about 1970 and what was negative produces a cloudy picture. In some cases, we moved ahead, and in other cases, such as the pursuit of racial equality and change of attitudes, there After math seemed no major fains. However, history recorded many significant improvements at the neighborhood and community center level where people worked and learned together. In the coming year, challenges facing public officials of city, county, state aftd national governmental bodies, the courts, the legislative bodies, and the executive branches will continue to mount in a rapid spiral of needs of area citizens. While economic prospects in area industries appear dim at present for the New Year, dormant areas of construction appear to be brightening. We are encouraged by planning progress toward a number of sewage treatment projects, some to be made possible by the passage of the $750 million bond issue against pollution. Debate over river effluent standards and air pollution standards has reached a new level of meaning with establishment of Victor Riesel coordinated pollution control bodies at the state and national levels. it appears that from the famine of ho major highway construction moving, we'll go to a feast period when projects on drawing boards ready for bidding will outnumber the available labor and contractor sources. On the highway scene, we hope both contractors and labor take constructive steps to eliminate practices of the past, including low productivity, violence, high bidding, bid rigging, failure to employ Negro help, and many other destructive forces. The same positive approach should be taken by labor and management in v all situations. Bright prospects for 1971 which will benefit the •community climate include Lewis & Clark Community College and Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville. Both have vital expanding missions in Uplifting the abilities of area residents to earn a better living and rise in bur society, they provide a link beyond our excellent elementary and secondary schools. Many other voting opportunities on schools, sewers, municipal officials, and forces which make our democracy operate will be put to the people as they guide theft* groups through the year. We Urge all citizens of the area to rethink their roles in helping to guide the forces of government, family and employment, when possible, to make events take the direction they choose. t And as a newspaper team, including many skilled specialists, we, too, will rededicate ourselves to avidly pursue our mission of providing the leadership to the community and its leaders working together to make the . five-county area a. better place in Which to live, work, and play. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY Copyright 1970 U» Angeles Times Syndicate Ray Cromley One of 3 handicapped children well taught WASHINGTON (NBA) — There are 10 million handicapped children in the United States... Mentally retarded, emotionally disturbed, deaf or hard of hearing, blind or with other sight problems, crippled, chronically ill. .. Seven million are of school age. Only one of three is receiving some sort of teaching tailored to his special needs. Numbers, of the other 4.7 million will somehow find a decent future. But many, unable to get jobs or adjust, are 'headed for a lifetime of hospitals or on welfare. Or crime and prison. Or for a lifetime dependent on their families — or working and living far below their capacity. As one mother puts it: ''Children with learning Forum writers, note The Telegraph welcomes prose expressions of its reader's own opinions. Writers' names and addresses must be published with their letters. Contributions should be concise, preferably not exceeding 150 words, and uru subject to condensation. difficulties become upset when they "must sit in a normal classroom where they can't function. They'll limp along until they are allowed to drop out of school. . .by then they have definite patterns of self - defeat and behavior.. ." At what horrendous costs in heartbreak to the individuals and their families — and what great cost to society. Yet if the handicap is discovered early enough and a child given the special training he requires in his early years, ' some experts estimate that 90 per cent can live normal, productive, happy lives. Many handicapped, in fact, have great innate ability. A deaf Californian, Lawrence R. Newman, was named the state's Teacher of the Year. Judge Charles Simpson of the U. s. Tax Court, Washington, D. C., was born with impaired vision and has been totally blind since he was 14. Dr. James R. Slage, though blind, is known as a pioneer in computer technology at the National Institute of Health. Two blind students, David S. Mischel of Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., and James Winford Selby III of Tulane, who last year were graduated at the top of their classes, were congratulated by President Nixon at the White House. A girl severely brain- damaged at birth is now 44 aiid when she speaks her body strains with effort, her jaw juts, her hands twitch. But she is a successful poet. A severely disturbed boy went on to a doctorate at Harvard and is now the associate director of the institution in which he lived as a patient for eight years. There is some evidence that early discovery of a handicap may be crucial — at least in may cases. There is apparently a time in each child's life when, if he does not learn certain things, he never catches up. One - and-a - half to 3 or 4 are the developmental years for language, and therefore critical for a child with inadequate hearing. The child with poor hearing and without language is cut off from learning during a crucial time of growth for the mind and the sooner therapy is prescribed the better. Even 12 months, is not too early an age for a hearing aid and for training from a special teacher or at least.from the family at home. Yet a county- sponsored diagnostic center reports: "Most of our referrals don't come from doctors but from clergymen." In some localities early search for handicaps is routine in hospitals and in schools. But these are the exception. In Roanoke, Va., for example, hospitals routinely test babies at birth for hearing .defects. Many hospitals don't. But in the long run, the cost of testing'and special training is low. The pay . off is great in the prevention of human tragedies. A handicapped but trained adult earning only $60 a week will in a 40 - year work life contribute $120,000 to the economy. A handicapped man or woman who spends his life In a public institution will cost the taxpayers $1150,000 to $200,000. NEW YORK - Actually, it was the night before Christmas. Nothing stirred on the deserted docks. These wharves, these days, are lonely by night — and almost as barren by day. There is little work. In a few days only one of the world's passenger ships will fly the American flag. . Men are on the beach, idle. Longshoremen have little into which to put their hooks. Work calls are slight. Layoffs are heavy. They and their families eat off the guaranteed weekly checks — which are theirs so long as they report in for a possible call. But they want work — not' charity. And there could be work — if they wanted' to handle Soviet ships and Communist cargo. But they won't handle blood-stained commerce. They and their chiefs, headed by International Longshoremen's Association (ILA) President Teddy Gleason, keep telling the Russians to go to .hell. More diplomatically, this message goes to the U.S. State Department as well. But the State Department keeps returning for more and more always as the advocate of the Soviet Union. Just the other day, Dec. 22, Ted Gleason's phone rang over at his national headquarters on Battery Place here. At the other end was George Philip Delaney, a former union official with a long title now — Special Assistant to Secretary of State and coordinator of International Labor.Affairs. "Phil" had a message from his department's secretariat. Russian agents — shipping agents, that is — had been in to tell some aides of Secretary of State William Rogers that American labor was ready to end its 20-year boycott of U.S.S.R. flag ship vessels. Now, said the Soviet spokesmen, would the State Dept. guarantee*this, assure them of labor peace on the docks and approve their opening to freight, competitive new container shops and luxury trade? Mr. Delaney asked Mr. Gleason If it were true. Did the ILA intend to end its boycott? Teddy Gleason spoke swiftly, like the rushing sounds of a recorded tape speeding through a studio monitor. The answer was hell, no, the Russians are lying, but... President Gleason told Phil Delaney to tell the State Department that the American longshoremen have a long-standing offer. The dockers here are ready to unload a Russian ship, service it, turn it around, be it freight or passenger, if the Soviets will "cooperate on mercy for Longshoremen still tell Russians where to go American prisoners of war. The longshoremen want five POW's released In return for such servicing. One ship for five American lads. Teddy Gleason said the ILA has made the offer. It stands. The union has written to the .Soviet embassy. It got no' answer. Yet that embassy often has cooperated with Communist activists here. Why should it not reply to a union of proletarians, a union of dockers who work with hand and brawn as well as brain for their daily bread? Everybody knows the Russians are powerful on the Central Committee of the North Vietnam Socialist- Workers Party. Everybody knows the U.S.S.R's own politburo almost dominates Hanoi's politburo. Teddy Gleason and his executive vice president, Johnny Bowers, are pros, sophisticates, veterans of Communist attacks, infiltration and abuse right on these cold docks these past decades. Mr. Delaney relayed the message to his superiors. Mr. Delaney telephoned the next day. There was no reaction from the Soviet shipping people, Mr. Delaney told Mr. ^Gleason. Mr. Gleason had not ^expected any. Mercy is not a quality which strains the Soviets. The boycott will continue. But something new will be added. An old familiar face is expected in this harbor — the Polish liner, S. S. Batory. It hasn't been in port for some 19 years, ever since the day its captain permitted Gerhart Eisler, the Communist International representative (Comintern rep.) to slip aboard ahead of the American authorities. •They wanted him for espionage. "Teddy" says the Batory will not be handled by the longshoremen. Unless, that is, the new Polish government is willing to intercede with its Hanoi comrades and obtain the release of five American prisoners. This boycott will mean less work, less pay, less bread, a less cheery Christmas. But weep for the prisoners of war, say they, not. for us. They care, these dockwallopers do — though some of their peers in American- labor who confuse pacifism with humanism, think of them as troglodytes. They care. And it was the night before Christmas. A container ship was in\ port. Heading for it were Lt. Robert Frishman's trucks containing 40 tons or so of concerned letters, gathered by, the Concern For Prisoners of War, Inc., of San Diego, to be hoisted aboard the container freighter. That's what Lti Frishman, himself a former POW, told Teddy Gleason. The trucks were moving east towards Washington, D.C. Then they would head towards these docks. On the piers were three steel containers. These have a capacity of 60 tons. That's a lot of letters written by the citizenry who still have the capacity to care, to weep over someone else's son or young husband rotting in Hanoi or Vietcong prison camps. Ask an old China hand what that means in monsoon weather or deadly heat amidst crawling things. When the containers are loaded with 50 tons of con- cerned letters it will slip out of New York for Le Havre. After that it's claak and dagger, as the enemy's diplomats will discover soon enough in Paris. It was cold on these docks the night before Christmas. But not so cold as the ice in the veins of those who will let men rot. Jack Anderson J. Edgar target of probe WASHINGTON — Inspired by the government's peephole practices, we decided to turn the tables on J. Edgar Hoover and to conduct an FBI-style investigation into his private life. We used some of the FBI's more offensive prying techniques such as watching his house, inspecting , his trash, questioning his neighbors and checking his movements. As evidence that no one's private life is unassailable, we discovered that even the scrupulous Hoover used to spend his summer vacations at La Jolla, Calif., as the guest of an oil millionaire. The late Clint Murchison picked up Hoover's tab year after year at the Hotel Del Charro near their favorite race track. The durable old G-man, who will be 76 on New Year's Day, has built a formidable reputation upon nearly 47 years of planted press notices. He has carefully publicized human strengths, carefully hidden human failings. His public relations wizardry has produced the image of a man of action, prepared for any encounter anywhere with public enemies, communist spies and other forces of evil. He isn't always able to separate himself from his image. In private, say intimates, he sometimes relapses into the staccato speech and stern mannerisms that are expected of him. Nor have the years appreciably softened the bulldog visage, nor rusted the steel- trap mind, nor mellowed the roaring temper. But he can also be a boon companion who relishes a good joke, a lively conversationalist who can discourse on an astonishing range of topics, a genial host who personally attends to the wants of his guests. John Edgar Hoover, the. man and the image, are enshrined in a jewel-box house in a sedate Washington, D. C., neighborhood of large houses and old trees. Two doormats with the initials JEH in white lettering against a black background provide the only clue to the identity of the eminent occupant. A small eagle roosts on the letterbox left of the door. The foyer, scattered with oriental rugs, is dominated by a bronze, lifesize bust of a grim Hoover. The walls are covered with.photos and othe.r mementos of his. exploits,. Intimates say he never discards a gift. Among the oddities he has accumulated, recalls a visitor, is one of the earliest stereos with a color- sound lightshow attachment. • The presence of the nation's top cop in the neighborhood, say residents, hasn't intimidated criminals who have burglarized at least six homes, stolen an auto, and made off wtih other loose valuables over the past several months. A next - door neighbor has so little con-, fidence in Hoover's ability to deter crime that he keeps his house spotlighted at niglit. Indeed, the chief G-man started hanging a simple Christmas decoration on his door a couple years ago, "according to a woman across the street, after 'vandals ripped down his Christmas lights. Hoover is so mindful of his image, say neighbors, that he never keeps his bulletproof government limousine parked on the premises. Instead he sends his chauffeur by personal Cadillac to pick up the official car. The driver then drives back to fetch Hoover, who would rather stick the, taxpayers for the chauffeur's extra time than give the appearance of using a government limousine for personal purpose As a measure of Hoover's circumspection, he dropped all but the initial of his first name in 1933 when he learned that another man named John Edgar Hoover owed a Washington store $900. The FBI chief has always paid his bills promptly on the first of the month. Yet our investigation turned up the startling fact that Hoover, on his annual pilgrimages to the De Mar race track at La Jolla, permitted oil millionaire Clint Murchison to pick up his bills. We have seen indisputable documentation that Hoover stayed in $100 . a - day suites as Murchison's guest. The hotel was owned by Murchison, whose son, Clint Jr., acknowledged to us that the FBI director was never billed. "If he had offered to pay," said young Clint, "Dad wouldn't have accepted it." At home, Hoover avoids parties, say intimates, unless he is sure of the guest list. He doesn't want to be seen with unsavory characters. Yet he has stayed at the Hotel Del Charro at the same time some of the nation's most notorious gamblers and racketeers have been registered there, attracted • like Hoover by the races. The old G-man hasn't been able to hide the fact that he plays the horses. But he has sought to mitigate any damage this may do to his square-jawed image by spreading, the word he is strictly a $2 bettor. This is faithfully confirmed by those who go to the track with him. But at least one racing companion told us confidentially that the $2 betting is a my-th. He asserts Hoover, though he may make occasional appearances at the $2 window to bolster the legend, also sends secret bets by messengers to the $100 window. • Once at the De Mar track, Hoover commented to CUnt Murchinson and Sid Richardson, both late Texas oil milloinaia-es, that it was too bad the profits from the track couldn't be used for some worthy purpose such as combatting juvenile delinquency. The two oilmen promptly formed Boys, Inc., which purchased the track. . We will continue our report on J. Edgar Hoover in future columns. What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear r 1 111 Hi* Olat'b- l\lTrt A rl«\wtn ftliffnM*] ¥ If*»TT> _ f flj. .... . * 25 years ago Dec. 31,1945 Burglars gained entrance to a document safe in the office of Roosevelt junior high school by battering through a double brick wall 24 inches thick. This was the third such burglary in a four year period with the only difference being the location of the openings. Police believed whoever had performed the burglary was familiar with brick masonry because they choge the older type mortar to work in to release tee bracks instead of the later - poured harder type. 4 woolen shawl found in a closet apparently was Used to deaden the hammer blows against the chisel to dig out the bricks. Cmdr. Clark McAdams Clifford, USNR of St. Louis, and naval aid at the White House, was credited with having done a great part in designing a new flag for the President of the United States. Some heraldic inconsistencies were corrected, alteration in the design improved, and the eagle reversed. Francis D. Neumann, assistant secretary of Millers Mutual was making a Qne • man drive among citizens of Alton and service clubs to alleviate the financial condition at the Hayner library. Operating under an endowment fund, the library was not permitted to supplement income directly from city taxes. Probate Judge A. W. Daly in an informal opinion said a city-supported library could be set up within the Hayner library as a parallel institution and thus city funds (if available) could be legally applied to the maintenance of the library, although in reality the city would not be running the institution, only supplying funds. Everett Johnessee, former Alton High School mat star (Illinois title in 1939 . 40) was also the amateur wrestling champion of the air wing of the U.S. Navy Atlantic fleet, and title winner of Southern U.S. in New Orleans, He would become a professional after his discharge. :5Q years ago Dec. 31,1920 Both -exports and imports between Germany and the United. States had improved, the monthly statements of the Department of Commerce showed. In Kansas City the United States District Court I an injunction against the Secretary of Agriculture's enforcement of his orders restoring wartime commission rates on handling livestock. In Springfield the Illinois Teachers Association voted, over opposition of Margaret Healy and other Chicago teachers, members of the American Federation of Teachers, to affiliate with the National Education , Association, Shurtleff College's new gymnasium was to bo the site of the Alton District tournament of the Illinois state association, Supt. of Schools W. C. Reavis reported 'on bis return from the organization's meeting, to Sp.ri.ngfjeW.. , After a 6Q • day shutdown, the Consolidated Chernicar Products Co. announced it intended to ' resume full operations in mid -January. Dr. }. J. granjel, manager of Die'plant here, said the board of directors had taken action to refinance the firm and proceed with enlargement of the local operation. The Godfrey Hard Roads Association decided to cooperate with the Alton Automobile Association in cindering the Godfrey - Brighton road and the Alby street extension to Godfrey. Under the program, the Godfrey bopsters were to .provide labor for unloading and spreading cinders which were to be supplied by the .auto organization. .The Godfrey group decided to affiliate with Lone Star Route supporters for the highway.whjch,would fQiiQw the Brighton-Godfrey road into Alton. . .Maygr. M, .Sauyage.siid.be intended to ask the City Council's approval for purchase of shotguns .for the police, department. He said he wanted to be prepared in advance for any major crime outbreak here.
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