Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois on October 21, 1941 · Page 1
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Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois · Page 1

Sterling, Illinois
Issue Date:
Tuesday, October 21, 1941
Page 1
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torn TlH> I * m^Jf dB*» JMkMMr JHL ^^ jBftMsill uflL tMn* T| ^%jum^ JfLmti^ «JL JB^J^«JRs»sgdP *^» ^^^^ ^** ,^&*^&*^m «•**« *•** *«M^ *4RiiM^V Outstanding Community Daily for Whiteside ortd Adjoining Counties FALLS fettoe 0 s. <M*h«*«ifc*4 EIGHTY-SEVENTH YEAR-No. 95 Full Leased Wire Associated Press STERLING, ILLINOIS, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1941 of tbe Atidtt e< Ctrcolatlom PRICE FIVE CENTS • Alabama Strikes Shut Down Plants • At Birmingham Walkout at Gas House ( Leaves 20,000 Idle; Other Closings (Bv Tilt 1<v:a;rci Pr.'--' 1 Iron and fter] 'abr;:it:'i; ptontr many with dffcjv-e r.'rier.-. w closing today in the Birmingham Ala., area as a strike nt an Indus trial pa* plant rut off ! i r i supine. Industrial sources evirated ap proximate)}- 20.000 workmen in th district were idie due to strikes an shutdowns brought by ihe imlustrla gas curtailment. Ot:i«r plants face closing due to a con! shortage, tin less R strike of CIO United Min Workers of America was settle Within two weeks. Shortage of ttnx whic followed the strike of 800 Slav; Sheffield Steel <fe Iron CD., furnic and by-products plant employe forced the Birmingham Gas Co. to day to shut off mala 1 ! supplyin more than a score of industries I this area. The.w included plants makin Shells and bombs and numrrou. other critical ordnance itrms William H. Ivey, state labor com mlssioncr. said there was no imme diate prospect of settlement of el > ther the strike at Slo&s-Shefficl furnace or of the coal mine walk out, Ivey said the closed shop was .•principal issue In the Sloss- Shef lield strike where employes nr members of the chemical divlsio of the UMWA. 1 Four Tennessee Coal, Iron an -Railroad Co.. coal mines, employ ing 5.600 men, were closed toda and most of the mines of th; Ala bama By-products Co., involving an other 2.500 men. went down on th morning shift. Miners struck be cau»«_^f_the long delay in negoti allrig a new contract, to cover th state's 23.000 miners. Work has continued under a temporary agreement at 15.50 a day base pay, bu ask 40 cfnts a day additional. Thomas M. Finn, U. S. conciliator arranged a conference today be tween representatives of the CIC United Automobile Workers and th management of the : Bell Aireraf corporation, which operates war plane factories at Buffalo and Ni agara Falls. The company produc jpa the formidable Airacobra pursui planes, and Finn declared a ..threat ened strike there would be a "ca lamity" if it materialized. iJsHlWs^^Hll^s^B' Measure to Remove boss Wheat Penally WASHINGTON — (AP) — Th • senate agriculture committee ap legislation that woul . remove the penalty of about 49 cent • bushel on so-called excess whea for farmers with short crops. . The measure already has beer passed by the house. A similar bi was vetoed by President Roosevel several weeks ago when congress at tached riders seeking to freece gov eminent loans stocks of wheat an cotton. As a separate bill, the wheat pen alty modification won a recom -sBendation-f rom' the secretary of ag riculture and unanimous approval o the senate committee. Under the existing farm act. if a »t farmer planted in excess o •his acreage allotment, all whea frown on the excess acreage was •object to penalty, even if there was • crop failure. The new measure " would permit the farmer to marke Up to normal production of hia al ' lotted acreage without penalty, even tf part of this comes from so-called excess acreage. ' Senators from wheat areas said 1 would help thousands of wlnte wheat growers with short crops who ; decided to plant excess acreage las year when the penalty on excess production was 15 cents a bushel. Later , consTses increased this penalty to an averafc of 4$ cents a bushel when M ordered mandatory govemmen at higher levels. Irittsh Planes Attack Three German Cities In Overnight Assaults LONDON — (AP) — Bremen, Wil- jMlsashaven and Emden were bomb- heavily last night by Royal air crews reopening their offen- agalnst Germany after three •jkjht of idleness because of bad waather, an authoritative source •M today. Nine British bombers are missing •Yam the attacking force, which ht •Jstcribed as strong. Authorities issued a statement say• "Port* in northwest Germany were •ttttvily bombed in better weather iMt night. "Bremen was the main target. Wil- feainishaven and Emrten were also etronffiy attacked and there were ••vtral minor raids at other points. "Hie force of th« bomber com•land engaged WM a strong one — port thai) seven times the size'of Up German force operating against Hm ffuntry during the night." M of Britain's new four-«n- •bMd bombers were In the attack- isl forces. It was the Win British f*M of the war on Bremen, import and site *f extensive ship- h i|ir attacks la&t night went t?tr1 on Merseystde. the port and n-Ur- area of Liverpool, and Nebrasko Boy Wins Star Farmer Award KANSAS CITY — iAPi—The Future Farmers of America honored 18\ ear-old Dunne Munter of th*> Uni- ver.Mty of Nebraska today with the ti'le o! Star Farmer The honor, highest the F. F A bestows upon any of It-s 250.00 members, carried with it a $500 CRS! award from the Weekly Kansas Cit> Star Munter begRn five years R.RO wttl two sows he bought on borrowec money. He won national rrcog nition while a vocational aRrictiltur student at Randolph, Neb. higl school. He LS the son of Mr and Mrs Robert H Munter of Coleridge Neb., and has two brothers anc three sisters. Pleas of Defendants Slated for Tomorro In Slush Fund Case SPRINGFIELD, ILL. — <AP> — The government's prosecution of tw utilities companies and three of thel officials on charges of dlstributin a secret slush fund to Illinois poll ticlans is scheduled to reach a turn ing point tomorrow in the federa district court. Defendants are to bc...arraignei at 10 a. m. before Judge Charles G Briggle. and the pleas they enter will determine whether the cas will go to trial. Scores of Illinois political figures, of both parties were called to testify before th grand jury which returned the in dlctments last December but thel names never were made known be cause of a secrecy order of the courl If the defendants plead innocent officials have indicated the case probably would be tried at Peoria with many of the political leaders who testified before the grand jury being called to give evidence again. Another possible plea would be that of nolo contendere, meaning in effect neither an admission nor denial of the charges. In such case, the court could find the de fendants guilty or not guilty. and act immediately on the finding. Judge Briggle recently overruled a defense motion to quash the in dictments. which alleged the firm created a $77,000 fund to help ft nance political campaigns and to obtain favorable regulatory ordin ances, franchises and lighting con tracts. The defendants are the Illinois Iowa Power company, the Missour Power and Light company, and the following officials: James D. Mortt mer, Portland, Me., former presiden of the North .American company, the holding cerpcnttao' controlling the indicted firms; Henry L. Hsnley Chicago, Illinois Iowa board chair man. and Aura C. Hall, Decatur vice president of Illinois Iowa. Principals in 'Chained Wife' Case Sec. Hull Advocates Further Modification Of Neutrality Law WASHINGTON — (AP) — Seer* tary of State Hull said today he believed that a neutrality act provl ston which bans American merchan vessels from specified combat zones should be "repealed or modified." He tossed this recommendation ln- to» request^ that congrtas repeal now the section of the act which prohibits arming of the ships. Hull's statement, given to the senate foreign relation! committee behind closed doors, was supplied also by the state department. Hull 'specifically urged the repeal of Section Six of the act, which prohibits the arming of merchant vessels, and of Section Two (which prohibits their entry into specified combat aones) declared: "Inasmuch as Section Two is not under consideration I will offer no comment except to say that hi my Judgment Section Two should be repealed or modified." "When Americanships are being wantonly and unlawfully attackw with complete disregard of life and property. 1 ' the secretary said, "it is absurd to forego any legitimate measures that may be helpful toward self defense. It is especially absurd to continue to,tie our hands by a provision of law which prohibits arming our merchant vessels for their own. defense." • It would be "little short of criminal negligence" for the United State* to cling to the hope of somehow escaping the fate of other countries, he testified. Before Hull's statement was issued. Senate Democratic Leader Barkley told reporters at the White House that administration forces will go ahead as planned" with wirings on neutrality legislation limited to lifting the present ban against th* arming of American merchant ships. Barkley left a conference with President Roosevelt in company with Chairman ConnaUy (D-Tex) .of the senate foreign relations committee and Secretary Hull. The foreign relations committee s almost equally divided on whether to recommend repeal of the whole neutrality act. <• Willkes-Borre Publisher And Playwright Expires ; W1UCK8-BARKE. PA. — (AP) Frederick G. Johmcn), SO. publisher of .the Wilkes-Barr* Racord. and a playwright, died early today after a enfthy illness. Johnson was a member of the Attiarican Kcd Cro*s ellef f*"mtniaitnn to Poland during the World War. H« was an author if pjasi Intended tiflafhlly for aw- ateur State's Attorney Robert Burnside said he has charged Neal Cshoon (lefO. 62-year-old fanner, with false" ly Imprisoning his 10-year-old wife, Rosle (centeri by chaining her to a bod in their home near Vandalia, 111. With them is their two-months old son, Freddy. Mrs. Cahoon. according to .Sheriff C. F. Cheshire who said he found her in chains, refused to prosecute her husband ftnd objected to Any action being taken against him. Cahoon "always chained me up when he went away for fear I would run off," the sheriff quoted her as saying. British May Send Army info Russia To Hold Caucasus Jap Navy Vulnerable To Economic Warfare, Says British Expert LONDON — (AP) — An authoritative British naval source said today that "the support given to us by the American navy is invaluable." and that although the ebb and flow of the battle of the Atlantic continues ceaselessly, "we do have reason for confidence." He discussed the possibility of war In the Pacific, and rated the Japanese navy as "very powerful, efficient and well-manned and very- strong against attack," but "extremely shscepUbte to economic blockade." The United States naval bases at Gaum and Manila were described "not modem," with Guanv important as an Intermediate ^refuelling base between Hawaii and the Philippines to twnt of war-bHw««l rht United States and Japan. Many of the Japanese ships, he added, "look overburdened with armament" This source listed the strength of the Japanese navy, "as we know it of ships in commission," as follows: Ten battleships with one more nearing completion; eight aircraft carriers; 11 eight-inch fun cruisers; six large. six-Inch gun cruisers; 64 destroyers; 88 submarines. Commenting on the possibility of war in the Pacific, he said that Japan's occupation of southern French Indo-China this year "extends the facilities available to her to advance south." However, he said that Cam- ranh harbor, use of which Japan thus acquired, could not be considered a naval base. If Thailand should be occupied, he "that would be a direct threat to British Malaya and Singapore. THE WEATHER (By The Associated Press) For Chicago and vicinity: Partly cloudy and slightly cooler tonight; Wednesday increasing cloudiness followed by rain at night. Outlook for Thursday: Showers. Illinois: Most- SHOWEKS ly cloudy, showers and scattered thunderstorms in southwest and west-central tonight and west-centra) and northwest portions Wednesday; slightly cooler north and central tonight. Iowa: Mostly cloudy, showers Wednesday and west and south portions tonight, scattered thundershowers south portion; slightly cooler tonight. WEATHER OUTLOOK CHICAGO — (AP) — Extended forecast for the period from 6:30 p. m. today' to 6:30 p. m. Saturday: Lower Great Lakes: Temperatures above normal, with slightly cooler at beginning and again toward end of period. Precipitation light, occurring about Thursday night or Friday. Upper Mississippi valley and Indiana: Temperatures above normal in Indians and Illinois, and near normal elsewhere, with slightly cooler at beginning and again last part of period. Jreesmc temperature unlikely In Illinois and Indiana. Precipitation moderate except heavy in Minnesota and western and northern portions of Iowa and Wisconsin, occurring »" general rains first and middle parts or period, except NincipaUy middle and last of period n Indiana and extreme southern Illinois. Poper Goes to Press With Front Page Blank NEW HAVEN. W. VA. — (AP) — Twice the front page of the New Haven News fell to pieces or "pied" as At was being loaded on the weekly's press. Exasperated editors put out the paper with a banner headline: "The jinx downed us ^ this week" and this explanation strung over page one: "Two doses overcome Soviet Officers Laud U.S. Planes but Say Army Is Too Small By A. F. Littlejohn CAMDEN. S. C,— (AP>— Three Russian officers, who believe Amer- sWoTpi is" W^ucrTto < > Cfl n airplanes are the best in the ______ _ in one weekend, so our ; »orld. but consider this country s ar- readers will be obliged to take the! mv top small and lacking In guns «_» ---- L,-_,. set out tod to insect nearb mil- first page blank. Ss Page one it was loaded on,.. ,. to Lieut. set out today to inspect nearby mil and to observe A. Drum's First • . pt again. Sorry, but accidents happen to all of us sometimes." Three QPM Trains To Tour the Nation For War Contracts WASHINGTON — (AP) — Three special trains painted red. white and blue will carry government defense officials on a tour of the country beginning Nov. 10 to make sure, in the words of the office of production management, "that no qualified manufacturer misses an opportunity to get a defense contract for lack of information." The trains, each made up of eight cars, will pull out of Washington simultaneously. One will go to points along the eastern seaboard, another to the midwest and the third to the west coast, returning via the south. Officials of the army, navy, maritime commission and the OPM will be aboard. They hope to interview 30,000 small manufacturers during the^ _stops__at principal cities., _ The "tourTs^expected to take a month.! Floyd B. Odium, director of the j contract distribution division, announced the tour today. He said the trains would contain exhibits of needed defense equipment and parts. as well as blueprints and specifications. Theroute of the midwestern train includes:,Dec. 3 and 3. Rook Island, 111.; Dec. 8, Springfield. 111.; Dec. 9, Joliet, 111. army engage in training maneuvers over a 10,000 square mile area of the Carolines. . Their views were expressed at press conference held at the army's public relations headquarters here shortly after their arrival from Washington for tion tour. a four-day inspec- Wlth Lieut. Col. Frank B. Hayne of the .war department serving as interpreter,'-and Col. Illia H. Barm- zev. military.attache ot the Soviet embassy acting as spokesman, the group praised America's defense effort and spoke highly of the air force and the navy. Practically without reservation they declared that American built planes were the best in the world. They said, however, that they believed the army should concentrate more on field training, and although manpower and guns were good, more of both were needed. Accompanying Col. Sarazev, who has been in this country six months, were Col. Pavel F. Berezln. a Russian airman, and Maj. Paul Ooara- i'ev, an officer of mechanized forces. Today they were scheduled to visit Fort Jackson, near Columbia, home' base divisions. for the 8th and 30th LOCAL ,2 noon 1 p: m. 2 p. m. I p. m. 4 p. m. 5 p m. i p. m. 7 p m. • p m. t p. m 0 p. m. 1 p. m. TCMPEBATUBES 69 68 68 70 68 M 64 63 it 60 60 13 midnight 1 a 3 4 A 6 7 a 9 10 U m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. 58 58 51 60 58 5* ft Illinois Mine Output Up 16% Over o Year Ago SPRINGFIELD, ILL. — <AP) — Illinois' shipping mines produced 4.257,226 tons of coal in September an-increase of MM.400 tons or 16 per cent over the same month last year, the state department of 'mines and minerals reported today. The report showed' the mines employed 26,307 men, and that th operated an average oi 17.5 xi»ys each. Franklin county, with 118,973 tons, again led the state in production. Production figures for other counties: Pulton 389.578: Macoupin, 391.251; Madison. 124,218; Perry, 343.890; Saline. 301.594; Randolph, MOJTf; St. Clair, 70.314; Vermilion. 145.409; Williamson. 160.610; Marion and Washington, 30.755; Christian. Bond and Montgomery, 590.619; Jackson and Jefferson. 210.693; Henry. Woodford, Knox and Peoria. 178.776; Bureau. Will and La Salle, 120.793. Looking-For A House to Rent? If you it re you need look no further. Turn to the want- ad page now and check the many listings of desirable properties for rent You are sure to find the place you are looking for because property owners, real estate dealers, all list their available rentals in the property to rent columns of this newspaper. It U your guide when looking for a place to live. PHONE 42 TO PLACE YOUR AJ? lifts Prohibition On Arming Merchantmen; Arias Permitted to Leave PANAMA — (AP) — Arnulfo Ariasv deposed president of Panama, left his homeland today by a Pan American airways plane scheduled to stop in Nicaragua, apparently having come to a sudden decision to go into exile. He arrived at Managua. Nicaragua at 7:30 a. m., by a special plane which carried an escort of three Panama police. The ex-president had been in jail since his voluntary return last Tuesday, from Cuba, where he was at /itme of the bloodless coup of 9,t4ch displaced him, had the approval of tn* new regime, which had let be known he would be freed if he would leave the country. Meanwhile th« new government of Dr. Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia reversed one of Arias' last decisions as president by authorizing ships flying the flag of Panama to arm against raiders. Many of the ships are United States-owned and sail to Britain and her empire. As a similar measure was under consideration in the United States congress, the new government of Panama announced yesterday that the ships may be armed at their owners' risk and expense In the in* terest of self-defense. Empire Has Close to A Million Men Under Arms in Middle Easr By I>Witt. MftckenziP With the German drive on Moscow slowed down by a determined defense—an historic stand in which the work of women and even children in building fortifications is playinK its part—attention of military observers today shifted momentarily to the intensification of the nazi attempt to capture the strategic city of Rostov at the entrance to the Caucasus. This operation Ls of vast Importance . Hitler must of course capture Moscow or suffer a defeat which wll have ft tremendous moral repercus sior. throughout the world, but it' equally true that he must break through Into the Caucasus if his Russian adventure Isnt* to fail of tw of its primary objectives.. Those to repeat what has been Raid often here before, are the oil fields and the establishment of bases in the Middle East for operations against the British. The nazis claim to have taken the industrial city of Stalino and to be closlnR in on Rostov. If they cap ture this port arid railroad center on the Don river they may well have se cured the key to the gateway Into the Caucasus to the south. May Form New Allied Front As a result of this German threa we may find that the new allied front which is being insistently de manded by the British public wil develop In this region, rather than by an invasion of western Europe As a matter of fact it might well be that. If the allied arms prosper, the British may find this their mcs feasible route for a general land Of fensive against Germany. That is, they first will attack the Germans from the rear rather than across the English channel. Because it Is imperative from th allied standpoint to keep the nazis out of the Caucasus, it would be log! cal for the British to send a large expeditionary force through Iran (Persia) Into the region between the Black sea and the Caspian to form a common front with the reds. The British have close to a million men under arms in the Middle East and while their mechanised equipmeh isn't up to requirements, they couli present a formidable defense. Quick transportaitaa, would pre sent difficulties, but speedy deliv ery of railway equipment which already has been ordered in America would go far toward solving that problem. Iran has a railway from the head of the Persian gulf to the Caspian sea, where steamers could be used for transport.. There also is a branch railway, which Is either completed or almost done, connect- big the main railroad with the Caucasus. In addition, Persia has many excellent asphalt highways suitable for military traffic. CewJd Net gave Establishment of an allied front in the Caucasus couldn't be achieved in time to act as a diversion for German forces which are attacking SPAB Forbids Copper In Building after Nov. 1 WASHINGTON — <AP> — Ef- frc'ive Nov. 1 the use of copper will be banned in all non-defense building construction. Donald NT. Nrlpon, director of priorities issued the necr^M order yrst«>rday. and one defense onicia! termed' it the "toughest" defense restriction yet Imposed to conserve the supply of a strategic metal for arms production. Th? order exempted only copper used for electric wiring. lor equipment exposed to rorrosue action of specific kind, hydro-electric plants, and contracts of government defense agencies which specify copper. In addition to the Nov. 1 han. the order prohibited thr use of copper next year in the manufacture of more than 100 common articles ranging from dress accessories and kitchen utensils to barrel hoops and caskets. Moscow. However, it probably could be got into action soon enough to meet the potential nazi offensive into the Caucasus. -_Meanwhile; Moscow apparently must work out its own salvation if any. It may be that Britain is planning some coup which will compel the nazis to .withdraw .forces from the attack on the Russian capital, but there has been no sign of such a move. The royal air force again attacked the continent over night, 1 but apparently there was no attempt at an all-out attack on Berlin, such as some of the British press has been pressing for. Tokyo continues to watrh for any signs of a Muscovite collapse. There can be no doubt thai the new Japanese cabinet under Premier General Tojo has the authority to attack Russia If it sees fit. The decision of General Tojo himself is likely to determine the issue. Boy of Six Purchases State Hunting License BEARDSTOWN. ILL. — (AP) — Sue-year-old Larry Patterson, who is reputed to be a good litUe man with a gun. u the youngest person to take out a stat« hunting license here during the 50-year tenure of Robert Uiilui as city clerk. Larry shot a quail when he was four year* old and has since been taking hunting trips with hi* father, Eldrect p*tt*r*on. He uses s, rifle or a' 410 g*uge shotgun, and saved n;- -^ tad diais* to buy the huat- in* Two Chicago Robbers Get $20,000 in Loot From Two Couples CHICAGO — (AP) — Two Indus- xlslist* reported to police they and their wives were robbed of jewelry, furs and cash worth more than $20,000 by two gunmen early today as they returned home from a theater. _ The holdup occurred In front of the apartment of David C. Mervis, president of the Illinois Window Shade company. The other victims were his wife. Px>y; Irvin J. Altschuler, head of the Hammond Brass Works. Hammond, Ind, and his wife, Sylvia. They were .seated in AlUchuler's car when the gunmen approached, order the chauffeur to lie down, and demanded, "Give us everything you've got." Mervis said the loot included a platinum bracelet and diamond set gold band, each worth $4,000, a six carat diamond solitaire ring worth $6.500, .and other pieces of jewelry ranging from $150 to $1,000. Fallen Corn Sprouts In Vicinity of Modesto MODESTO. ILL.—(AP)-«prout- Inf of fallen corn and low ears on upright stalks was reported in this area as the result of rainfall which has totaled more than ten inches here during the past three week*. Much corn is reported to **v« falian j In tow fields. ' Britain Turns Back 15 Tankers to U.S., N. Y. Oil Men Hear NEW YORK— fAPi— Informed oi circles understood today that tlv British just had released to tin United States 15 oil tankers, former ly of American registry, to be uset in alleviating the gasoline shortage on the eastern seaboard. The tankers, it was believed, have a total capacity of more than 1J200. 000 barrels of oil. It was not Immediately determin« just what their previous ownership may have been but it was said tl would be placed at the disposal o Harold Ickes. petroleum coordinator to use as he saw fit. It was understood that part o the group of 15 already had been turned back to the United States. All these tankers are part of the consignment of between 50 and IOC vessels which were turned over to Great Britain earlier this year to serve in the transatlantic run, car rying gasoline to the British Isles mainly for the use of the royal air force. The transfer of these ships creat- petroleum supplies on the eastern seaboard, leading to a series of altercations in Washington, among government and oil company offi cials. as to the proper means of fur nlshing petroleum and its products to the east Previously, these tankers had been used to supply eastern refineries with oil from Texas and Louisiana of the oil men who were informed of the British decision to release the tankers held varying views on the subject of what service they would be assigned. Some understood that they would be limited to the Caribbean-Atlantic seacoast run. while others said they could be used anywhere at the discretion of Ickes. Heavy Flood Damage Reported in Kansas TOPEKA, KAS. — (AP) — Water- weary Kansas farmers found their homes, crops and livestock engulfec in another flood today. Overcast skies threatened to spread new damage along the Smoky Hill, Cottonwood and Neoaho rivers in the northern and central counties. Cloudbursts which loosed as mud as a foot of rain over the general part of the state brought high water marks to Salina, Emporia. Abilene. McPherson. Council Grove Dunlap and a half dozen other communities yesterday. One man. Roy Poland of Geary county, was feared drowned while trying to rescue stock on his farm near Junction city. Hardest hit were Salina and Emporia. Army engineers from Camp Punston helped evacuate 235 families at Salina where the crest on the Smoky Hill was yet to come. The Neoaho rivtr at Emporia rose four feet in an hour to 284 feet, highest in years. Many farm families were marooned on second floors. There was a heavy loss of livestock State highway maintenance workers appealed for boats and volunteers to help in rescue work. Sheriff Assn. Protests U. S. Defense Priority Over Equipment Needs CHICAGO"-*jtAP) —Elmer J. Hoffman, Wheaton, 111., secretary of the Illinois Sheriffs' association, today protested an office of production management letter informing the association that national defense needs had priority over equipment for sheriffs. Maury Maverick, chief of the state and tocal government requirements branch of the OPM, in replying to a resolution from the association requesting prompt delivery of equipment required to combat espionage and sabotage, wrote: "In those, commodity items where treat scarcity exists, national defense needs must come first. Please keep this constantly in mind in ca&e federal authorities And it impossible to keep you supplied with all the Items ou deem necessary." Hoffman declared in a statement that •'President Roosevelt calls upon us to cooperate actively in national iefense." He added: "What the Illinois sheriffs need and must have, without further delay or red tap*, is modern equipment with which to fight saboteur* and protect our national defense plants, tot a curtain lecture from Maury Maverick on the cardinal virtue of Axis Troops Drive Toward Caucasus, Claim Stalino Falls Reds Check Advance On Moscow as Foe Presses South Front 'By The A.ssocinted Press! Adolf Hitler'."; high rommnnd announced n new blow to the backbone of Russia's war foundries today with the capture of Stalino. bis; nrrna- rnehts center 100 miles north ot Rostov-on-Don, and on the" central front, nazi troops were reported within 50 miles of Moscow. Stalino. a city of 455,000 population, ll«s on one of the two main rail lines between Moscow and the great Caucasian oi! fields. Late today, however. clared that Marshal Semeon Tlmo- shenko's central front armies were smashing hard at the Germans in most sectors around the Soviet capital. The announcement said the flght- <K was so intense that "many suburban villages have changed hands as many as three times a day." Then, on a note of confidence, the report asserted: "Encountering heavy resistance, the Germans have considerably slowed down their drive." Informed London quarters, picturing the Moscow area as aflame with vast and bloody battles of tanks, infantry and artillery, said it was "a good gueis" that the Germans had scored a 15-mile advance from th» Maloyaroslavets sector, 65 miles southwest of Moscow, after six days, of violent tank assaults. Nasls Reported Thrown Back Soviet armored forces, however, were said to be fiercely resisting In this sector, and red army counterattacks near Kalinin, 95 miles northwest .of Moscow, were reported to have thrown the nazis back across the Tver river. The German high command said nazi and Italian troops smashing into Russia's vital Donets river Industrial basin, source of rich supplies of iron, coal and manganese, captured Stalino yesterday. that Marshal Budyenny's Ukraine armies, desperately pressed by the intensified nazi assault, had withdrawn to new lines near Taganrog, only 30 miles west of Rostov. The Germans claimed Taganrog's fall yesterday. Official Russian account* of the »-day.old battle for Moscow Mid Uw capital'* defenders, strengthened hourly by a civilian army, were holding fast under a terrific hammering. At several points, the Russians declared. Soviet counter-attacks have turned back the nail offensive over battlefields covered with enow. Claim Naval Seised To the ndrth. the German high command reported the capture of Dago island, powerful Soviet naval base, after 10 days of fighting in which 3,000 Russians were taken prisoner. "Therewith, all Baltic islands are In German hands and the entire Baltic area cleaned of the enemy," the high command said. Nazi military commentators re* ported that the southern axis armies were led by units of Hitler's own elite guard. They indicated that Rostov, gateway to the Caucasus, 80on_wouMjjrobably become , the pivot for a gigantic new encirclement movement to take the Donets basin. On the bloody central front before Moscow, the German high command said Gen. Petrov, Identified as commander in chief of the Russian 50th army and a member of the supreme Soviet council, had been found dead on the battlefield east of Byransk. 200 miles south of Moscow. Heavy Counter-Attacks CooMfed* In the north, German military dls- patchea reported that red army' troops counter-attacking around Lake Ladoga, near Leningrad, had suffered heavy losses. The Germans acknowledged, however, that the Soviet counter blows had been launched on a broad scale with great ferocity. . .. Tass, the official Soviet news agency, said Russian troops had driven back a new German thrust award Moscow from the southwest but conceded that the nazLs had advanced .several kilometers from Maahaisk, 57 miles west of the capital. The advance was blocked, Tass said, after a terrific tank battle at a crossroads on the Mothaisk -Moscow (Continued on page fourteen) Eight State Employes Discharged for Politics SPRINGFIELD. ILL. — (AP) — The names of eight suspended state employes who were dismissed after hearings on charges .of undue'; po- itical activity were announced yesterday by Robert L. Hunter, president of the state civil service commission. They were: Thelma Simmering, Greenvlew, assistant stenographer to the state health department; Henry Griswold, Chicago, lodging house' inspeo or in the state health department; Katherine O'Connell. Decatur, senior stenographer, department of insurance; Mrs. Ola M, Reesor. principal stenographer, and Mrs. Elite H. Lut- .rell. senior clerk, both residents of (pringfield and employed in the de- tartment of registration and educa- ion; and Thomas C. Sullivan. Belle- rllle, Joseph Hemmaugh, East St. xmU, and Henry Jorgem*n. East St. Louis, all grain samplers for the department of agriculture The discharged employes were ac- used of violations of civil ten-ice rules .varying from the wearing of campaign buttons to soliciting votes in last November's election

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