Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on February 17, 1941 · Page 7
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 7

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Monday, February 17, 1941
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newspaper circulation jrest, tmflt entirely on *'2n£5r American News* entt ^b. Assn., Ariz. News- Assn., Audit Bureau of itions. ARIZ (Section Two) 51st Year, No. 275, Phoenix, Arizona UBLIC Monday Morning, February 17, (Section 1941 Two) Only morning newspaper in whole Southwest served by aO three—Associated Press, United Press and International News Service. MANTS THREAT OF SPRING DRIVE FLOORS MARKET **.******-***************** * * * * * * * * Levels Of 1929 Topped By Steel, Auto Plants And Cotton Factories Hinges efense Of great Britain How's Business? how many r^-sas^^ taxes, wartime trade dif- in speculative ,,« world shaking events in w tave become almost, a tra- S to the market place since SifHitler began his conquest of into Austria In 'Sounded in loud market cracks. This experience has taught the wraee Wall Streeter military Semes as well .as flowers blos- an in tie springtime. SuDDlementing lessons of the past r rr ___ I __ - Knnn 4ae1-1Tn.-MlX* 1T1 COMPOSITE BUSINESS CHART This index—compiled by the Publishers Financial Bureau—is a composite of five recognized business indexes. Trade Volume Flattens Out For the second time in three weeks, business volume shows no change. My composite index this week is 16.8 per cent above normal. By ROGER W. BABSON tee years has been testimony in which is the same figure registered fe lend-lease bill hearings in con- 1 last week. A year ago, business forecasting another spring | was 1.5 per cent below normal. It ^ from ttie expected attempt by luer to bring the battle of Eng- I tad to & decision. Remit Hinges On Britain . Immediately in question, as fi- iBntial commentators view the war lituation, is England's chances of . will be remembered that during the second and third weeks in January business made two totaling 12.2 points, digestion is in order. sharp gains A period of Armament contracts now total over $12.000,000,000 and the end is liuauuu, » 4Jii6"*»»«« w—-•—- --,u*c* *i^,uuuiUuu,uuu aim me wna is ;rarding off threatened blows at no t yet in sight. It takes time for Jfce British Isles, in the MecUter- these contracts to be translated into I mean and possibly at her far I is tern bases. a£conomically the United States Fiso closely tied with the British umpire, business and market fore- lltang largely hinges on the out- Sime of the axis strategy to over- lime strongholds of British power. •ie industrial tieup with England latively JiaSbecome greater since fie extension of Nazi control over continent and war materials ne a groling proportion of U. |exports to Britain, ehind the question of England's iting stamina, it appeared, was possibility the United States ht £o to war. ff Senior Wave Felt e. heaviest selling and widest « declines in security markets actual dollars and cents in individuals' pocketbooks and bank accounts. However, sales of retail establishments are now reflecting the increased purchasing power of the workers. Demands for furniture, household equipment, luxury goods, and clothing are increasing. As I advise the purchase of small homes so do I believe that money should now be spent for household improvements and utilities of a lasting nature. Householders should now put rising income into permanent fixtures so they will have something to show for their present labors after the war boom is over. There are no signs vet of any falling off in the demand for workers in most capacities. Jobs are certainly available for those who wish them. Municipal and government relief loads are diminishing to the betterment of the city, state, and national-debt picture. Total employment is hardly possible; but there are now at least 1,500,000 more employed than there were a year ago. This figure could be doubled before a real scarcity of workers is encountered. Rents, clothing, food, fuel, electricity. Ice, and, in fact, all items naturally included in the cost-of- living picture continue at relatively low levels. Rents alone show a tendency to rise against the fairly firm status of other items. Gradual increases in other items are bound ultimately to appear, but the current situation gives, as yet, no cause for alarm. Paradox Seen In Dividends. Stock Prices NEW YORK, Feb. 16—(AP)— The billions' of dollars at which America values its vast inventories of stocks and bonds appears to be beginning its third severe price test since the war in Europe began, informed Wall Street quarters said today. Share prices, weighted by the woes and uncertainties of war over more than half the world, sank this | week to the lowest levels, with the exception of June 1940 and the spring of 1938, since 1935. This occurred even while American industry was turning out a greater physical volume of goods, for defense, for Britain and for an expanded and more solidly employed populace than ever before in its history. The Associated Frew Index of industrial activity—embracing such key activities as automobile production, steel mill activity, cotton Roods making, home building and freight movement — stood at 124.9, above even the boom levels of 1929. The Associated Press average of the prices of 60 representative stocks was down to around $40, almost as low as when Germany was invading the low countries and France last June. Earning* Compared One close observer, however, Common Share Home Building Profits Listed NEW YORK, Feb. 16— (AP)— came after Wendell L.jCorporate earnings -reports issued , tacking the lend-lease bill 'during last week showing profits '.greater aid to England, said the I per common share included: **«lStates would be at war in a ---- t time if Britain fell. the complexity of s entering into market fluc- pn«,1he impact of this testi- y on speculative quarters was "ile to measure. But it .to spread tiie notion that 'f with the approach of was nearing another big —°nt which would influ- — for some time to come. .Out of the collapse of France and I52JlVM, *. ate . ° f England defense program, hold- of the "^st "pump- g 1 injection of government naing since the World War. Industry Forges Ahead [.Early results of the tremendous Black and Decker Colo. Fuel and Iron Continental Steel 1940 1939 Quarter ended Dec. 31 Reynolds Spring $ 0.72 .57 1.26 .86 $0.48 .98 2.21 .97 American Can Chain Belt Chrysler • Clev. Graphite Bronze Cluett Peabody Crucible Steel Du Pont M. A. Hanna George W. Helme Kroger Grocery Libbey-Owens-Ford Monarch Mach. Tool G. C. Murphy Year ended Dec. 31 National Biscuit •»«„> • , - *P lur Be were ap- Pacific Tin VSr,M ? mvaj y industrial statis-1 Sunshine Mining ] T j*°rd breaking con-1 Union jJag and Paper markets. , . —- - rubber, cotton and ,^« w .n«terial, along with un- IKr ented winter activity in ISte' 3 ' construction and oth " |ord smashing crescendo '. figures made strange noise of fall- the heralded 7-™ uisjs was a topic calling WhTOious ideas. But visible in •WwfflS^ in" rodu ^ g*y operations in major indus- [to financial cir• the fall in "TKeui nad interfered corporate financing and a temporary crimp in « capital for defense Wyrts seemed out!}• eventual- i factory indices y after a spring »e axli nucceeded in T^or cutting England's stood 1o lose in in setback, it was : be more than ation of armament > home. appraise was effect •nave on the nation's 1 one of the foremost "~ity evaluations. A federal taxes has in the fi- U. S. Tobacco Western Union Woodward Iron F. W. Woolworth -o- 5.88 2.13 8.69 4.10 3.74 10.24 7.23 2.33 5.15 2.51 3.97 5.63 6.58 1.50 .90 1.67 2.08' 3.46 4.27 2.48 6.22 1.92 8.47 5.42 4.16 2.54 7.70 1.23 5.96 3.02 3.21 3.53 6.47 1.68 .47 2.13 .76 1.76 1.32 2.25 3.02 Gain Reported WASHINGTON, Feb. 16—(AP)— The Federal Housing Administra- :ion reported today that construction of 103,187 small homes were started with private capital under the FHA program during the last seven months, a 32 per cent increase over the same period a year ago. About 85 per cent were in areas where expanding national defense industries created housing needs. Abner H. Ferguson, administrator, said. in market 01 * npxt tax , ln ? sUy over kely would « en ma - v be P PIX)fits to P« now Ruberoid Firm Makes Big Gain NEW YORK, Feb. 16— (AP)— The Ruberoid Company, makers of builders products, today reported 1940 net profit of $802,100, equal to $2.02 a share after federal income and capital stock taxes, compared with $608,128, or $153 a share, in 1939. Sales of $17,369,902 were the largest in the company's history and topped 1939 by nine per cent. Plants are in New Jersey, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Alabama, Minnesota, Massachusetts, Missouri ad Vermont. Ingot, Casting Record Broken NEW YORK, Feb. 16—(AP)— January steel production reached a new record high of 6,943,084 net tons of open hearth, Bessemer and electric steel ingots and castings, the American Iron and Steel Institute said today. In the previous peak month, October, 1940, production totaled 6,643,975 tons. January output represented a gain of 7 per cent over 6,493,849 in December and 20 per cent compared with 5,768,729 tons in January. The world's first underground chain-rope railway has just been installed in Germany's only copper mine. • Air Lines To Try Installment Plan CHICAGO, Feb. 16—(AP)—Air travel on a monthly installment paying plan will be inaugurated on March 1 by 17 leading air lines, the Air Traffic Conference of America announced today. The plan, similar to one used for nearly a year by many railroads, applies lo'fares of $50 or more. No collateral or down payment is required, with the cost spread over several months. •The air lines in adopting this plan are convinced it will enable them to tap an enormous new market," the announcement said. "A recent survey showed that 63 per cent of the persons who have availed themselves of the opportunity to purchase (railroad) transportation on the installment plan would have stayed at home had the plan not been available." Applications for travel credit may be made at any air line ticket office or travel bureau. A service charge for such accommodations is made. Distillers Firm Reports Profit NEW YORK, Feb. 16— (API- National Distillers Products Corporation for 1940 today reported net profit of $6,711,962 after taxes and charges, equal to $3.28 a common share, compared with $7,007.124 or $3.34 a common share in 1939. Net sales totaled $70,927,647 in 1940, compared with $59,170.887 in the previous year, an increase of 20 per cent The smaller net, despite larger sales, said Seton Porter, president, was due to provision of $2,226,750 for federal income and capital stock taxes, against $1,077,707 last year, an increase of over 100 per cent. Sending special letters by pigeon, is being considered in England. KUNZ BROS. & MESSINGER PHOM! ^""ENGINEEBS AND MACHINISTS GENERAL MACHINE WORK CORNER SECOND AVENUE AND 1ACKSOS Lee & Qarrett AUDITORS andACCOUMTAMTS rrrrrrrX 12th Floor LUHRS TOWER/ | N COME TAX pointed out that while the common shares of one of the greatest railroads in the country, which paid dividends, depression or no depression. is selling at a price to give the buyer a return of 6.56 per cent on his money every year, the stock of a big communications company yields 5.89 per cent, and that of a leading oil concern 5.17 per cent, cavings deposits gave a return of only about two per cent over most parts of the country. The conclusion of this observer was that share prices had already "discounted" more troubles than war, destruction and growing taxes had yet produced. Reactions Are Felt Dollar Purchase Price Plus 17A (Exclusive Republic Dispatch) NEW HAVEN, Conn., Feb. 16 Wholesale commodity prices for the week past, based on the Dunn and Bradstreet quotations, was 85.4 per cent of the 1926 level, Irving Fisher, Yale University professor, announced today. The purchasing power of the dollar U 17.1 cents higher than it was in 1926, Professor Fisher said. In the following table the first column shows the net change in the purchasing power of the dollar and the second an index of wholesale commodity prices as compiled by Professor Fisher. Average conditions for 1926 are taken as 100: 1814 lift, (lowf.t) 1920 .M»> (peak) .. 1023 Average .... 1924 Artrmgr .... 19M Arrrann 192ff Average .... 192? Average .... 192ft Average .... 1929 Average. .... 1930 Average .... 1931 Average 1932 Average. .... 1933 Average .... 1934 Average .... 1935 Average .... 1936 Average .... 193? Average .... 11)38 Average .... 193* Average 1»IO Avenge Jan. Average Feb. average .Mar. average Apr. average May average June average July average Aug. average Sept. average Oft. average Nov. average Der. average 1M1 Jan. lit «eek Jan. 2nd week Jan. 3rd we?lc Jan. 4th week Jan. Ath week Jan. Average Feb. l»t week . Feb. 2nd week + 48." - 10.2 — 1.1 + 1.1 — 4.9 A. (I + d.Z + 2.1 + 3.9 + l«.t + 40.4 + B2.* + 36.H + 30.7 + 20.S + 19.5 + 10.3 + 23.2 + 23.7 + 19.7 + !«.» + 18.2 •f 18.7 + 1H.S + 19.4 + 21.! + 22.2 + EI.2 + 22.0 + 20.4 + is.s' + 17.7 + 17.1 . + 1S.5 + 17.1 «7.3 167.2 101.1 98.9 105.2 100.0 94.2 »7.9 96.3 86.3 71.4 . 83.0 83.7 90.7 81.2 80.9 83.« 85.11 84.« 82.2 84.4 83.8 82.5 81.9 81.2 82.0 83.0 84.4 85.0 85.4 85.8' 8«.l 8B.I 8.1.7 »5.» S5.4 85.4 (Copyright. 1M1. by Irving Fliher) Nickel Supply Termed Short CLEVELAND, Feb. 16— (AP)— A shortage of nickel, essential metal used in armor plate and .stainless steel, is a source of con- Others, however, banking onjcern to the industry, the- maga- near-by developments in the war zine "Steel" reported today, spreading to east and west of the United States, have been pointing to market history to indicate that each major turn in the conflict has seen its reaction in quoted prices here. The war pattern has run like this: 1. From mid-1938 until the spring of 1939 share prices were in a climbing mood, paced more or less to a general recovery in American industry. 2. As more and more operators in the stock market concluded war was inevitable, prices broke sharply into the summer of 1939. 3. When war broke out in September of that year, the vision of quick arms profits brought a boom- let, that lasted until towards the end of that year. Balloon Still Deflating 4. Ever since, that balloon has been deflating, as higher taxes and the enormous complexities of estimating the proper values of individual securities in a world at war have kept new buyers to a minimum. The imminence of key moves in the war. as many Wall Street men see it, makes a nearby testing of the price level almost inevitable. This is particularly true, these market men think, because the present average price mark is what they call "critical," that is, about at the same point where previous declines of recent years have been checked. To orthodox students of the price trends in securities a breaking through to lower levels from this point would be a sign that a further slide was in prospect. Many men who have.watched the stock market for years, however, express reluctance to follow mechanical rules as to price movements when the whole world is topsy-turvy- Businessmen Puzzled Publications that businessmen follow closely have been speculating regarding the problem of share prices with renewed interest recently, after a period in which a do- nothing stock market had made such comment almost pointless. This is the way in which Business Week, in its leading story today, saw the market situation: "x x x Common stocks cannot be considered good buys when conceivably they might be picked up at war-sale prices, 10 to 15 per cent lower, a few weeks later. So bargain hunters have been holding off. They have been waiting for the vaunted German offensive—and an indication of its outcome." "A maker of utainless steel •heets promises delivery in 16 r- to 18 weeks, with a clause exempting him if unable to get nickel," the trade publication •aid. "More and -more do makers insist on showing ,of priority slips from Washington before booking an order. Often such a slip in four or five stages removed and ban to be traced through prime contractor* and subcontractors." Several steelmakers are taking 'drastic steps to apportion steel equitably" and some have "declared a truce against incoming orders from branch offices for a time. During the interim, one important flat steelmaker is making a careful survey of 1940 shipments and will restrict customers this year to the tonnage they took then with due allowance for increase in defense orders." Individual steelmakers, the magazine continued in its weekly review, "can do a more efficient job of rationing, knowing more precisely the needs of consumers, than could Washington, it is still recognized generally. "Supply situation becomes ever tenser, though many well-informed members of the industry believe this Is the zero hour and that by summer the confusion will have given way to a degree of calm." The publication's index of steel ingot production dropped one-half point last week to 96% per cent of estimated capacity. Slight adjustments in certain steel scrap specialties caused the review's composite on iron and steel to climb three cents to $38.23, while finished steel and steelworks scrap were unchanged at $56.60 and $19.91, respectively. Samuel Travis, 54 years old, was arrested in London charged with stealing a suit of civilian clothes from the British War Office. o Using three horses, Charles Turner rode 800 miles from Leigh's Creek to Winton, Australia, in 14 days. Heinze, Bowen & Harrington, Inc. HEADQUARTERS FOR OFFICE SUPPLIES MAIL ORDERS PROMPTLY FHAED 228 W. WASHINGTON PHOENIX Marine Casualty Insurance Fidelity and Surety Bonds Representing Many of America's Leading Insurance Companies Phoenix, Arizona ^j/««trMMtC« phone 4-8815 _ Ground Floor Professional Building V. S. Accident Total Rises With Prosperity By J. G. DONLEY NEW YORK, Feb. 14-The busier we are the more accidents we have. The 0951 of rising industrial activity, of increasing prosperity, is a greater toll of death and injury from accidents of all kinds. The 1940 accident death toll in the United States was 96,500—four per cent greater than the 1939 total of 92,623—according to preliminary figures compiled by W. G. Johnson, chief statistician of the National Safety Council. "Increased activity in all fields —largely attributable to national defense—was the key to much of the increased toll," says Mr. Johnson. "But rising death and injury totals cannot be accepted as an inevitable accompaniment to national preparedness. Successful accident . prevention often has been achieved in the face • of increased exposure." Efforts To Be Redoubled Efforts of safety engineers may be redoubled this year, and they should become, in effect, if not in fact, a part of the national defense effort. For it is highly important at this stage of planning and work- iflg to make the nation strong that such waste of manpower and economic strength be reduced to a minimum. From the angle of military manpower, Mr. Johnson points out that accident deaths during 1940 among men in the selective service age brackets—21 to 35—totaled approximately 14,000, and thus amounted to the destruction of a full army division. There is some encouragement, however, in the fact that the 1940 toll, despite the record pace of the industrial speed-up for defense which finds many workers traveling 30 to 60 miles by motorcar to and from work, is far from the highest on record. In 1936 there were 110,052 accident deaths, or 14 per cent more than in 1940. In fact, six of the 10 years preceding 1940 turned in higher death totals. Present Figure* While no effort is made to put an economic value . on the . lives lost through accidents, Mr. John- son presents estimates of wage losses, medical expense and overhead costs of insurance due to accident injuries resulting in permanent or temporary disability. His figures run up to a rather staggering total, as follows: Accident Costs Motor vehicle $1,600,000,000 Home 600,000,000 Work 650,000,000 Public 400,000,000 Total costs $3,250,000,000 The total number of persons injured in 1940; in various kinds of accidents, according to Mr. Johnson's estimates, was 9,200.000. Of these 1,200,000 were injured in motor vehicle accidents which are estimated to have caused about 100.000 permanent disabilities. The toll of injured in accidents in the home was 4,750,000, with falls and fires the most common causes. Accidental injuries suffered while at work involved 1,400,000 persons. So- called "public" accidents (excluding motor vehicle accidents) resulted in nonfatal injuries to 1,850,000 persons. Under this classification come falls in public places and also accidents on all manner of public conveyances—land, water and air. Few Major Disaster* Mr. Johnson says there were few major disasters in 1940, so that nearly all accidents were one or two-death cases. Classified as to kinds, the national accident fatality toll last year compares with 1939, as follows: 1940 1939 All accidents 96,500 92,623 Motor vehicle 34,400 32,386 Public (not motor vehicles) 15,500 15,500 Home 32,500 32,000 Occupational 17,000 15,500 Half of the 1940 increase in the total accident death toll came from motor vehicle accidents, with an increase of six per cent in traffic deaths. But, since motor vehicle mileage was also estimated to have increased six per cent, the death rate per 100,000,000 vehicle miles was unchanged at 12.0. Occupational accident fatalities rose 10 per cent, and home accidents rose about two per cent. Mark Is Set By Pig Iron .. CLEVELAND, ' Feb. 16— (AP)— Another all-time peak in pig iron production and the possibility of a new seasonal record in ore shipments were recorded today by the magazine Steel, as the industry's operating rate remained steady at 97 per cent and demand continued unabated. The volume of steel sales continued to increase, "though not as rapidly as previously," and the bulk of steel sales are now for second-quarter delivery, with some for early third quarter, the publication said. Steel prices for the second quarter probably will not be announced for three weeks, and "hinge entirely on wages," since scrap prices have declined. "Some predict well over 75,000,000 tons of Lake Superior iron ore will be shipped in 1941," topping by, nearly 10,000,000 tons the previous record established in 1929, Steel said. At 4,666,233 net tons, the January production of coke pig iron established a new all-time record. The pig iron operating rate increased 2.3 points to 98.7 per cent of capacity, and has registered consecutive gains each month since April, 1940, except for December when it paused at 96.4 per cent. The Ford Motor Company, again the first inquirer of the season for iron ore, is asking'for 295,000 tons, compared with last year's inquiry of 280,000 tons. Among the "surprises" of the market are additional orders from consumers who had been considered well supplied, and further plant extensions by companies whose extensions '"presumably had been completed," Steel reported. Nationally, Steel reckoned ingot 10 KT. GOLD MOUNTING M and your old mounting buyi this modem 1M1 acttlng 50c WEEKLY Electric Bills Continue Drop WASHINGTON, Feb. 16—(AP)— The Federal Power Commission said today that the trend of average monthly bills for residential use of electricity has been downward each year since 1924. In a survey, the commission said the average bill for 100 kilowatt hours in October, 1924, was $6.18 and on January 1 of this year it was $3.83. On January 1, 1940, it was $3.88. production unchanged at 97 per cent of capacity. Two of Steel's composite price indexes dropped, due to reductions in scrap. Steelworks scrap was $19.91, down 18 cents and the steel index was $38.20, off 2 cents. o China shipped 113,000,000 cigarettes to Japan in one month. TYPEWRITERS Babson Urges Labor Peace In Emergency By ROGER W. BABSON BABSON PARK, Fla., Feb. 16^I have always been sympathetic with labor. During World War I, I served as assistant secretary of labor in Washington. I am sure that labor leaders will tell you that I was fair in solving the problems that came to the department; and, believe me, there were enough of them! I soon learned that arguments did not do much good, and that lawyers only messed things up. Labor troubles are emotional, not statistical, and the cannot be "fought" successfully. Both sides are usually honest and serious from their point of view. The quickest way to solve a real bad labor row i» to take the employer around to the . homes of the workers and see the conditions under which they live. Then have some of the striken shadow the bos* for a few day* and see how he is working for them 12 to If hours a day against the keenest competition. Of course, there are some labor leaders who selfishly think only of themselves. They purposely stir up trouble to get the union to give them, a raise in pay. Some are connected with wicked rackets. These should be-put in jail. Most labor leaders, however, are earnest and trustworthy men working to better the conditions of the workers as they see the light. The chief cause of labor troubles is not the labor leader, or the wages paid, or the working conditions; but rather the expensive manner in which certain employers live, the way their children foolishly spend money, and the mistakes they make in exhibiting their power and wealth. Very few. wage workers, are jealous of the employer who founded the business; but it does "burn them up" to see the employers' children racing -around town and blowing in money, while their own children have barely enough to eat or are unable to continue schooling. So much for where I stand on the labor problem. Furthermore, let me say that in normal times labor unions are both right and necessary. "' ' When it comes to questions of strikes or lockouts, in days like these, I feel that both are selfish, cowardly and unpatriotic.-" The stirring up of 750,000 rail workers (Continued On Page 5, Sec. 2) ' Remember 45 — and you've got our number NEW AND USED TOTALS^ «d Other Mok** Uimmtti StMct Dtptttmai Don't Throw Aw»y Old Shoes You can have them remade at such a small cost that it would be silly to buy new ones. Bring them to us now . . . have those heels braced, REPAIRS '- too. PAYNE'S . Shoe Service 35 E. Adams BILL RUDD this question "My husband carries a personal accident policy. If he should be injured and his employer did not stop his salary during the period of disability, could he also collect Indemnity from the Insurance company?" on any insurance problem consult 46 E. WASHINGTON R D GRANGE was No. 77. There was the Old 97. Numbers often mean something special, particularly our favor-, ite number—43. Of all the . motorists' who dropped in at Standard Stations during the ; past year, 43 in 100 called ex- : dusively for free service. That's being neighborly. * * * Now, when nearly half our customers drop in simply to have the windshield cleaned, air put in the tires, or the battery checked, it makes this Company very happy. It shows that the old inhibitions against •asking for service without buying something are a-boggling down. Relations have become friendly^ ^ ^ Standard has many reasons for hoping that ail motorists will quit waiting until they need gasoline or oil before they ask these services. Consider only our most selfish reason: Clean windshields, sure tires, dependable batteries contribute to the safety, comfort, and pleasure of motoring. Wherefore people drive more. More gasoline is sold. We share in the benefits. Everybody profits. * * * Each year we hope to do a little more business. But we hope with equal sincerity that in the next 12 months still more motorists will drop in for service—without bothering to buy anything. They'll increase their volume of pleasure. Some lives will be saved —due to an increased volume of safety on the highways. Our services are — sincerely yours. Standard OH Company of California

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