Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on February 17, 1941 · Page 6
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 6

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Monday, February 17, 1941
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, Page Six Old New Meet fair Symbols Come Down- ' 1 Knn^ssm^^HiSmmtismiM^^^^^^i^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^M In Serb Town BY ALVEV 3. STEINKOPF SARAJEVO, Yugoslavia—(Cable Correspondence of the Associated Press)—This Bosnian city, scene of the incident which touched off the World War, sits among its minarets and uneasily watches a new war goby. It is not directly involved in this war, but it certainly knows all the arguments, pro and con, and the nervous city is unhappily disturbed by the conflicting issues which have torn Europe apart. Sarajevo even hears gunfire. Out In the picturesque hills which surround the old town, detachments of the Yugoslav army are training- just in case. There even is a modified blackout, the Serbs being disturbed by warring planes which occasionally blunder over Yugoslavia from the scene of the Greek and Italian operations to the south. Center Of Problems Moreover, Sarajevo is the geographical center of vastly complicated Balkan problems. And if this were not enough, the town—which looks like a picture in a book of fairy tales—is passing through a slow but apparently inevitable revolution of character. Spiritually, it is moving out of the Orient and out of the Middle Ages into modern Europe. The process, of course, is a strain on the old social machinery. In crowds which poke around the glittering merchandise in the old bazaar, the Mohammedan women, to be sure, still wear veils. But under at least some of the veils are rouged cheeks and lips touched up with cosmetics. I learned about it in this pleasant manner: In a street called Yojvode Stepc Stepanovic, I was startled when addressed in flawless German by a veiled woman who might have been 20 or 60. In one of the quieter coffee houses into which I was maneuvered adroitly, she threw back her veil.-She was a young woman who had been present the day before when I visited a "modern" Mohammedan acquaintance. She had not worn the veil then. She had used a lipstick well and, wanted to know all about an English grammar. "But why," I asked, "do you redden your lips and then hide them with a veil?" "Because," she replied, "I thought I might meet you." Which seemed to be about as smart an answer as one could hope to hear in any of Europe's sophisticated capitals. And this little incident hinted at •what is going on in the minds of many of these women whose faces are mysteriei behind their veils. Old-timers (male) shake then- heads and mumble that Sarajevo's youth is going to the dogs. Muezzins Still Call' There is no dazzling speed about the changes taking place here. There couldn't be in a conservative town where the muezzins sing out the "Koran's call to prayer five times daily from 80 minarets. But the process definitely is under way. and the muezzins themselves talk about it when they climb down from their minarets to refresh themselves with Turkish coffee out of a kettle of beaten copper. Sarajevo is not particularly proud of its dubious distinction of being the city -which "started the World War," There are no monuments to the revolutionist, Gavrilo Prinzip, the young Serb who shot the Austrian crown prince, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and the Archduchess Sophie on that fateful June 28, 1914. There is nothing distinctive : about his grave, which I was - told "it visited only by Americans." His brother still lives in . a village near by and i* politi: cally quite undistinguished. The little Miljacka river still tumbles swiftly through the town, splashing over low concrete dams. One of the bridges across the stream has been named Prinzip Bridge, and a tablet on the wall of a photo shop there says in the . Serb language: "Here was struck the blow" for free Bosnia. But that is all. There are no holidays on account of Prinzip, and on his bridge now loiter men wearing pointed Serbian shoes, all day long filing bucksaws. They are hoping someone will buy a load of wood from the peasants whbse oxcarts are lined along the Miljacka. If someone buys, maybe the men with the bucksaws can get a sawing job •worth 20 or 30 dinars (about 45 to GLAMOCR IS GONE: The trylon and perisphere of the New York World Fair, having played their part in the big drama, are coming down to earth. Scene of the next chapter is the scrap iron market DISPATCH prosecutions and now has a bureaucracy of more than 200 lawyers engaged in making life miserable for nearly every major industry in the country, has asked for more money and more power. Mr. Arnold has under indictment or in criminal proceedings 3.800 defendants— companies and individ- i .'aarc Tt'e . ,ffm whirh' labor executives from prosecution lem w "'cn under the Sherman law, so Mr. Arnold now wants more money to go after business. Business Lakes It? — I 4_ . «j. (Jcu^»ri4 111^ v r ^uu~j. IMJIC* cjic 10.** cii- The odd part of Mr. Arnolds aD iin g domestic producers to enter presentation is that he told the: into combinations for export pur- committee that business really likes poses so as to presen t a united front to be prosecuted and is in favor of against foreign cartel* iiis program. He said: Two and a half years ago when 70 cents). Business Is Bad Business is bad, they say, because wood costs too much, and in wartime, Yugoslavia is learning to burn its very soft lignite coal, which smokes terribly and makes the bottoms of kettles black with smeary soot. My modern Mohammedan friend In his shop at the edge of the bazaar takes fine silver wire and with a skill which seems superhuman weaves laces of exquisite beauty. He takes his length of stiff lace and places it on a strip of silver, which he then thrusts into a little clay-lined oven which has been heated with charcoal. At the right moment he pulls it out. and there is the silver end lace fused, with the metal still to be seen as a delicate tracing. Then he makes bracelets which English tourists used David Lawrence Says: Radical New Dealer Seeks Money For Business Probe WASHINGTON, Feb. 16—(By David Lawrence)—Although the temporary national economic committee is expected to complete its report for congress soon, the hearings going on this week are eye- openers as to what radical New Dealers have in mind as a surgical operation for American business and industry, notwithstanding the nationwide desire for efficient pro-= antitrust d i v i - sion of the department of jus- tC< head ••• of jcede that the patent laws permit ipreigners to come into America __ _iand take out patents and that 'Americans are bound by these re- __ A » trips' ••••^Aj»W/ ! strictU>nsr Thus7German "interests vived the idea ». ..^ijJriC of criminal LAWRENCE come ">*» possession of important Ijbusiness secrets in manufacturing and so do the American companies. When it comes to selling in world markets, the German companies and American companies frequently exchange patents and if the German company has a better patent on something, it exacts a stronger bargain for itself in regard to sales in foreign markets. Is Old Custom All this went on in peacetime and Jury Unearths Nazi Activity NEW YORK, Feb. 16— (AP)_ What started as a more or less routine checkup of reported patent abuses has burgeoned into a full- dress government investigation of asserted German influence on certain national defense industries in the United States. The inquiry began in October 1939. Since then a stream of indict- -;j|ments under anti-trust laws has come out of a federal grand jury room here in New York. The investigation has shown, said the department of justice recently, "a startling evidence of German influences in domestic industries essential to national defense." That statement was made in commenting on the work of the so- called "war industries" grand jury which was discharged a week ago after sitting for seven months. The end of its life did not mean the work was ended: the justice department hinted of further developments and a new grand jury probably will be called in the sprin<- to continue the investigation along the same general course so far pursued. Tungsten Carbide Glamour Heading up the inquiry is Samuel S. Isseks, special assistant to the attorney general, who finds glamour in such subjects as tungsten carbide, bentonite, magnesium A native New Yorker, he studied under Felix Frankfurter. Supreme Court justice, at Harvard and got training in investigative work in the office of the U. S. attorney here and on the staff of John Harlan Amen, who's been looking into law enforcement in Brooklyn. When Isseks and his staff first went into action, the significance of the inquiry did not become evident—at least so far as the public was concerned —until the special "war industries" grand jury started work. Several indictments had been returned previously, mostly on antitrust law violation charges, but these did not touch directly on defense. Nor did the special jury's activity become known immediately. Not until August, a month after "it began, was it disclosed that the jury was investigating alleged agreements between German industrial concerns ana certain American companies in defense industries. The jury's sign-off was considered by Isseks as its most important action. This was its indictment of several American and German companies for allegedly conspiring to restrict and stifle the production of magnesium, resulting, the government charged, in delay of the defense program. Magnesium is used extensively in airplane construction, since it is capable of (riving as much strength as aluminum with one-third less weight. Magnesium also is used in connection with aluminum production. Its importance, Isseks said, i> emphasized by the fact that Germany had plenty of aluminum, but still uses great quantities of magnesium and has been the only nation with a large supply. The magnesium indictment held that as a result of the alleged conspiracy, production of magnesium Arizona Republic, Phoenix, Monday Morning, February 17 up in countries and which American petitors have been .compelled to face. In fact, congress at one time BOMBS ARE LOADED: Polish aviators, with bitter memories of the conquest of their country, are (jetting revenge. An English Wellington bomber, used by Polish pilots, is loaded with bombs preparatory to raiding; German positions. Aged Prospector Dies, Rites Held CLIFTON, Feb. 16 — Funeral services for Charles Nelson, 81 years old, one of the last of the old prospectors of this district,'were held Friday morning. The Rev. J. Elbert Nash officiated. Mr. Nelson died in his sleep Wednesday night or early Thursday! morning, in his cabin in Sycamore! Morenci Students Observe State Day MORENCI, Feb. 16—In observance of Admission Day, students of Morenci High School held a program in the high school auditorium Friday. Taking part were Theresa Russell, James Christensen, Ray Bunch, Oliver Westover, Harry Poteet, Harriet Gerdes, Lorena Moore, Daniel Dickerson, Douglas Call, „ B „ , _., and Jean Skaling. Miss Mary Jane [canyon, where he had lived for Carson was director. Singing was (more than 45 years. His death was led by Mrs. Vivian Christensen, discovered by his' partner, Bert Chamber Opens Member Drive CASA GRANDE, Feb. 16—The board of directors of the chamber of commerce met Friday night and made plans for a membership drive lasting two weeks. The drive began yesterday. Also planned was. the annual banquet, set for March 11. A special speaker will be on hand and invitations will be extended to a representative from each of the mines at Superior and Ray, the board of supervisors, and the .Southern Pacific railroad. The banquet will be served in the woman's club building. Frank Chipman, president, Mrs. N. Bess Prather, and E. H. Boyd are in charge of arrangements. The membership committee includes Ervin Pate, Ed. Arendt, and Carr McNatt. o Work On Holbrook Post Office Begins HOLBROOK, Feb. 16—Work has been started on the new Holbrook Post Office, adjoining the Navajo' Buffet. J. R. Lloyd, contractor, said he hoped to have the building com-! pleted and ready- for use by April 1. By Superior SUPERIOR, Feb. 16—A, dance was held Friday the high school audUorium5 ?lt dents. '^j Music was furnished bv Rrii i : Swing Band. Light i3jgg*$ were served. DR. W. V. AM/v DENTIST Formerly In Fox Theatre In, NowatSOSLuhrs Phone 3-4860 with Mary Rietz at the piano. John Knudsen rules for an essay explained contest. the Superior Singers Will Give Show SUPERIOR. Feb. 16—The glee clubs of Superior High School will give a minstrel show Friday. Bill Swackhamer will he interlocutor and the six end men will be Junior Glass, Andy Monford, Billy Mitchell, Jay Farnsworth, Jack Hankins, and Tommy Besich. Soloists will be Ella Cluff. Barbara Nelson, Gloria Heiner, Gertrude Kellner, Scotty Fry, and John Montano. Dances will be presented by Anna Grijalva, Bobby Bunch, Heiner, and KeHner. Cook, when Cook was unable to awaken him Thursday. Nelson was born in Alton, III., October 27, 1859. He served as fireman on the Santa Fe railway and later was for many years locomo- Itive engineer on the western ; branch of a Texas railroad. He resigned from that position when his eyesight failed him in 1894 and came to Clifton, where his brother, Errick, was locomotive engineer oni the Arizona and New Mexico. He| began prospecting and located the; Gold Bar claims in Sycamore can- 1 yon. He made his home there since.! The body had to be carried in aj stretcher for four miles over steep' mountain trails and across the San> Francisco river over the old Cop-| per King tramway to the highway into Clifton. He was buried in the Clifton cemetery beside his brother. There are no survivors. o Greenlee Men Leave CLIFTON^ Feb. 16—Four Green- ,. . i> <» c- i i i i lee county men taken into the se- Monetary .lalk scheduled lective service will leave here to-' morrow for Evan Russell in the United States was limited to!Clifton. 6,000 tons while German production last year was estimated at more than 25,000 tons. One of the early indictments by the- .special grand jury involved tungsten carbide, essential In the From our "good neighbors" below th« border Joyce adapted the idea for the Mexi-Coolee, easiest shoe in existence! White or natural elkskin. 4.95 Shoe Salon, Street Floor Eighth Annual El Desfile dts las Modus del Desierfo A Parade of Desert Fashions Wednesday afternoon, February nineteenth two-thirty o'clock, Arizona Biltmore Pool jachi H-ha aarki K'sto> <d shi (Is sir June. Risi Jculti of ind factor tfons But values Euroi dition Adolf thecc The Hard a, am fresou -Jhi [wera ichen |wni SUE Itfcee lite Is ISF SS ' Icnsis lei Ilindl Inn I Band Htual Itardi [the 1 Irtnea lastei tecc ]so anpu cttsui come come be i ilati e c con lex passed the Webb-Pomerene law en- But, according to Mr. Arnold, this would seem to be something related we started, the tone of the press to tne national defense situation of was unanimously hostile to all of our prosecutions. Now I think it can be said that we liflve a good press xxx. "Fortune magazine took a poll among the management and executives and attorneys of 750 AA corporations in the United States, representing, I suppose, seven or eight thousand people xxx. I was amazed to find that 56 per cent of those businessmen favored the pres- , _ . recognized this'difficulty when it machine-tool industry, particularly j ..u- ,,,-ui_ T, ,.... ._ i or i cutting tools. On this industrial link depends much of the national defense chain being forged. Price Decrease Cited Speaking of it as an illustration of the results of the grand jury investigation, Isseks said the price of this metal in 1927 was about S50 a pound, by 1929 it was S475 a pound, and in 1940, before the indictment was returned S205 pound. Now, Isseks said, there has been an average decrease of 50 per cent in price; in some isolated cases, even more. Issek's staff pointed out that heretofore, because of the high price of tungsten, carbid- many firms today and, while he does not say so in as many words, he created the impression that the Nazis and the American companies are in collusion to defeat the American defense program, when nothing could be further from the truth. It is simply a matter of American companies trying to get the best patents for their own use. Wants Jury Probes ent antitrust program as opposed to siderable amount of money to bring - ~ - 'more criminal proceedings against The Arnold plea now is for a con- used "high speed" steel to tip cut- Phoenix. They system and its relation to the Purdy Phillips and Gilbert Segoviai ~ in Europe when he addresses mem- i; and Timoteo E. Madrid,! bers of the local Townsend Clubi the NRA xxx. "So there certainly has been that swing in business and I think I can say that business is not hostile to the antitrust program as in the present setup." Consent Decrees Are Evil On the broad question of breaking up trusts and monopolies, businessmen have always favored proper steps, but this is a far cry from saying that the use of criminal indictments as a means of forcing concessions through consent decrees—concessions far beyond the Lerms of the law itself—is relished by businessmen or approved by any considerable number of them. Yet Mr. Arnold in his desire to get appropriations not only gave such an impression—that business was all for his ideas—but that the sress was, too. He went even fur- Lher in ballyhooing his requests for more money by giving the impression that many American companies were in some way disloyal to the defense program because they had previously entered into patent agreements with Germans. Anybody who -wants to be fair the executives of important defense industries. He is asking for grand jury investigations because he says that these threats often scare companies into lowering their prices. If Mr. Arnold's methods of handling the antitrust question are approved by the press and by the majority of American businessmen, it certainly is news of major importance to most of us here in Washington. But a congressional committee is asked to believe it and is requested now to increase by S750,- 000 the antitrust appropriation, which was about 51,300,000 last year. The budget bureau has turned down the increase, but congress is being told, in effect, that business wants to be prosecuted and enjoys the experience, and that the men whose names are flaunted in the headlines when indicted presumably relish the experience. Mr. Arnold is one of the best-natured officials in Washington and it is sometimes difficult to tell when he is serious and when he is joking. He isn't joking about the extra funds for his bureaucracy anyway. to buy. "° |*I* "One of our troubles," he says, i I 11 PC All "comes from the fact that morej * *t\»Owll refugee Jews have come here than | can be absorbed easily in this city of 80,000. • "We have almost 11,000 Jews, a circumstance which leads to misunderstandings with the Mohammedan population. Then we are called Nazi-friendly and even fifth columnists. "But no. We realize that National Socialism is a German invention, and we really don't think it is for us. What seems to be sympathy for German aspirations in the Southeast is to be explained entirely on religious grounds. "The Arabs in Palestine are, as children of Allah, our brothers. In their difficult position they have found strong support in Germany «o it is only natural that with this phase of National Socialist activity •we should be sympathetic," Every political breeze makes a little whirlwind in Sarajevo's narrow streets, in which rug merchants jostle against donkeys delivering TTllIitt German Jews Seek lisas minaret at twilight, Registration Committee Named CASA GRANDE, Feb. 16—Dan i Sullivan, F. T. Rainey, and George Branscomb have been named by Ernest Hendrix, commander of the Fred A. Humpheys post of the American Legion, to serve in the special national defense registration of all local Legionnaires and World War veterans. The registration is voluntary with the purpose in view of providing statistics for local, state, and national leaders. Judging Opens TUCSON, Feb. 16— (AP) — Rancho Sacatal of Paul Spur, Ariz went to the top in the bulls, pens of three, class today at the seventh annual Tucson Livestock Show in what W. L. Blizzard, judge Stillwater, Okla., said embodied some of the hotest competition he had ever witnessed. The pens of five class was taken by the Long Meadow Ranch of Prescott, which also annexed second and third honors in the pens of three competition. White Mountain Hereford Ranch !. ,ps placed second in the pens of five!£. f heifers— an innovation in the class. Third went to Rancho Saca-! Tu u cson show— in which the Chiri- j cahua Ranches Company took first Place, Ralph Cowan, McNeal, second, and Fred Moore, Douglas went to C. L. McKinney, Courtland, and third of John Stark, Pearce. Another class, which made it no easier for " tal. _The Cowden Livestock Company of Phoenix and Willcox, always a !«?"/££ 9° m Petitor, placed fourth and fifth in each division. The bulls will be seen again Tuesday afternoon in the auction ring Eureka Ranch of Willcox took the highest honors with its Pen of feeder steers. That contest drew wide attention amonc the cattlemen. Second place third. The judging of the pen classes officially opened the show, the seventh annual, but the major feature of the beef cattle division will begin tomorrow morning with judging of the halter classes. ting tools. Isseks said that this was less efficient because of quick wear- out and that many firms now able to get tungsten carbide had reported increased efficiency with consequent increased production. After tungsten carbide-came indictments involving firms handling bentonite, a natural clay used in heavy materials, such as the casting of artillery gun carriages, tank and tractor treads and airplane motor blocks. The production of aircraft fabrics next got the attention of Isseks and his staff with a resultant $23,500 in fines on nolo contendere pleas and, said Isseks, a break in price. The defendants were charged with entering into an agreement which resulted in the "imposition of arbitrary, artificial and rigid prices. Another indictment charged conspiracy to restrain the production and importation of dead burned magnesite and magnesite bricks, materials the government said were essential in the manufacture of steel and copper, and used for furnaces in steel and copper mills. Three American and four foreign companies were named. . An indictment involving production of military and other optical goods resulted in nol contendere pleas and payment of $40,000 in fines. Just what the next steps would be Isseks would not disclose. But he and his staff are already preparing data for the next grand jury. Working with Isseks is a staff of lawyers, and experts to whom.he gives great credit for providing the lawyers with information. "Why, my staff nows so much about magnesium production we are thinking of asking the Reconstruction Finance Corporation for a loan, to start a magnesium plant," Isses said jokingly. "These boys certainly know their business. • He said it was not difficult to get information about alleged violations because "we get that from industry itself." "We don't think these things -up," he said. "We don't have time. Industry itself makes the complaints and also reports back on the results." : Light, traveling 186,000 miles a [Second, requires eight minutes to __,„__, . - ,----.,«, *^ yui i Ca cjgui, jnmu from thf Koran 6S WiSe W0rds come'to the earth from the sun. dav 6 wi d ^f ^ am & lhin e J-ester- row. SSy * a S ain tom °r- After eight years of construction a sixty-mile railway has just begun to operate In Finland. Kingman Gets New Post-Office .Boxes KINGMAN, Feb. 16—New post office boxes have been received here, according to Vernon C. Hubbs, postmaster, and installation is expected to begin this week. One hundred sixty-eight boxes will be installed, the work to be done by Nick Heminga, San Francisco contractor. The post office has 656 large and small boxes. To any credit-worthy, steadily-employed Arizona resident, a thrifty Personal Loan up to $300 is quickly available for any financial emergency or other useful purpose. Repayment is made in small, convenient monthly instalments out of regular income. Follow the lead of hundreds who have solved their financial difficulties this easy way. Come in for a confidential discussion of your problem. There is no obligation, of course. Bit IS, 61 US, 01 US! WE JUST CAN'T 6ET CAUGHT UP. See the pride in her eyes when you tell her that you've worked things out. Watch how naturally she sheds that worried look put there by the constant struggle with nagging; small bills since that financial setback. Yes — when you come home with the news that you've arranged a thrifty Personal Loan through the Valley Bank—you are her hero. And you are doing something grand for her when you clear up, once and for all, the tag ends that have been dragging along unpaid. You are just as happy as she to know you worked it out the economical way . . a way you could afford ... at a cost of just ten dollars a year — only 84c a month — for each hundred dollars you borrowed. VALLEY BAN IK NINETEEN FRIENDLY. CONVENIENT OFFICES MEMBER F.D.I.C Ea irms tump othei prece iteel, ndu- Th «f in eoun Ing s Wl iprin forth lates of 'so activ P»cit tries. •Me ties item with tf gr the .<& hi in '•W Way Kt I jrod 'Hi feet fort .oeei Dan, "Tl twn tee «tm YES, THAT'S A VERY WORTHY PURPOSE FOR A PERSONAL LOAN /A 1 Y. WHAT A THRILL- AUTHE THRIFTY VALLEY BANK PERSONAL! THRIFTY PERSONAL LOANS FOR EVERY USEFUL PURPOSE

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