SIX THE DAILY MAIL, HAGERSTOWN, MD., TUESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1939. (Kstablt*hed ISIS) Published eveijy evening except Sunday by The ALaii PublishiUR Corn- many. 25 Summit Avenue. Hagrers- fcj\*n. Maryland. §. A, HAWKEN Editor National Advertising Representatives: Burke, Kuipers & Mahoney, Inc New York. 1203 Graybar Building- Chicago. 203 North Wabash Avenue: Atlanta, 1601 Rhodes-Haverty Buildins: Pallas, SO? Southwestern Life Building:: Oklahoma Citv 55S FIr«t National Building , Address all communications to The Daily Mail Editorial. Business or Circulation Department, not to individuals. S. B. PHILLIPS.. .General Manager C. & P'. Phone IOV105-106 Same numbers reach all departments Member Audit Bureau of Circulation SUBSCRIPTION RATES (All Subscription Rates Payable In Advance) Single Copy 03 One Month 55 One fear (by carrier) 6.00 By Mail (Up to Fourth Zone).. 6.00 Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Zones. S 50 Seventh and Eighth Zones 9:50 Entered at the postofflce at Hare rsto-wn as 2nd class matter Dec. 12, 1S9S. MEMBER OP THIS ASSOCIVTEtt PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use of publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited io this paper and also local news published therein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. New Car Time Ther* was a time, not so long ago, when more automobiles were sold in the spring than during any other season. The auto shows held throughout the country during'the winter'months attracted throngs of interested prospects, but most sale-i were made after winter's driving hazards disappeared. The automobile has ceased to be a seasonal luxury, however, and today sales of new cars are as great during the final months of the year as any other season. Motor manufacturers, in response to the new market, have advanced the auto shows several months, beginning with the New York show in October. The new models, now being shown, should break down the sales resistance of any driver. As promoters of dissatisfaction with vintage cars, they seem to rate higher than any previous product of the auto factories. FINALLY ADMIT IT ±i 3 As Senator Vandenberg of Michigan gave what the Wall Street commentators characterized as "distressing" assurance that "recovery will not come until business is freed from the shackles of -excessive governmental regulation," the financial pages of the metropolitan newspapers were recording what the Xew York Times called "a steadily mounting number of highly favorable reports on the domestic outlook, despite the deplorable situation in Europe and Asia." These reports included: "Record-breaking" American consumption of 14 key products, led by steel, gasoline, rayon, electricity and aircraft manufacturing. "Highest" level of residential building since 1929. "The biggest" shipbuilding in American yards sine? the World War. "Wide" gains in the first half of 1039 over 1938 in rubber, motor, textile and other important industries. "Record-breaking" sales by mail order houses and well-distributed gains in retail trads in all lines. "Consumption of raw materials and manufactured goods for many months," quoting from the Associated Press' financial writer, Frederick Gardner. Xew York, "has boon running consistently ahead of production, so that lower inventories have compelled resumption of buying. The most: dramatic instance, analysts say, was the recent heavy wave of buying in copper, to mention only one instance. It is one of the biggest in the history of the copper market, attributed only in part to armament buying. "Industries have absorbed more manpower a n d unemployment figures have been whittled down," ihis writer continues. "The National Industrial Conference Board, a private research organization supported chiefly by corporations, in Hn latest report, covering May, estimates unemployment at 9,SS1,000 compared with 11.362,000 in May, 3938." Referring to'one of the best baromcTerfi of business. Postmaster General James A. Farley announced that the U. S. postal service sd the fiscal year June 30 with a $10,000,000 operating surplus and that current postal receipts indicated "a sharp upward trend in general prosperity." For the fiscal year just closed, the fifth showing a surplus during the six years he has headed the department, postal receipts were $745.- 09S,350, the highest in history and $17,000,000 greater than for the previous year. Finally reaching the first page of the Washington Post (Rep.), under the head "Wall Street Prices Soar in Business Upturn/' these interesting production comparisons were shown: For the first half of 1939: steel ingot, 18,629,927 tons; gain over 193S, 73 per cent. Automobiles 2,028,356; gain 65 per cent. Wool 299,000,000 pounds; gain 70 ped cent. Rayon 161,000,000 pounds; gain 62 per cent. Tires (covering only 5 months) gain 105 per cent. Under the head "Stocks Renew Upsurge on Peak Volume," C. Norman Stabler, financial editor of the reactionary New York Herald Tribune, said: "The upward trend of domestic business must be given the credit in the current breakaway." CLOSED FILES The Department of State has been accustomed to open iu flies almost down to data to- a limited number of professors, students and writers desiring to conduct serious research, into American, diplomatic relationships. NOTF an order has been issued closing the flies. The order reads that "in view of the contemporary international situation it will not be possible to make the confidential or unpublished files of the department of a date- later than December 31, 1918, available to persons who are not officials of the United States Government." The order is, of course, of intrinsic interest to but a small number of persons, but the date is suggestive. December 31, 1918, was just a few weeks after the armistice. President Wilson arrived in France on December 13, but it was not until January, 1919, that formal discussion of the peace treaties be* gan. In spite of all that has been written of A 7 ersailles, one must assume that there are still confidential, unpublished documents which the,State Department does not at this time care to have examined further. The period since December 31, 1918, also covers the Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armament, 192M922, at which the Anglo-Japanese alliance was canceled; the subsequent numerous conferences abroad further to limit naval armaments and. the important, but vain, negotiations of Mr. Stimson to elect British co-operation in resisting Japanese invasion and seizure of Manchuria in 1931. The department resolves to take no chances in a world of suspicion, ill-feeling and fear—a world in which the Federal Bureau of Investigation reports a "marked in- crease'' in international espionage and in which it intends to reopen three of its field offices in Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico. FORECASTING THE WINTER Return Of The Native i ft <jr v Man About Manhattan •By Tucker- NEW YORK, Aug. 8. — At alj hours of the day and night people drift through the high, massive doors of St. Patrick's Cathedral, on Fifth avenue. It is the most beautiful church I ever saw. I am no student of architecture, but it does not take one to know that here against the background of Rockefeller Center is the most impressive contrast in schools of architecture that exists in New York. The contrast is so vivid, so stunning, that I always think of that line from Robert Louis Stevenson —"A sprig of parsley against a silver plate" — whenever I come upon it. I imagine the Cathedral itself is 50 feet from the curb. You rise to it by two flights of marble steps that extend to the vaulted Gothic doors. Inside all sense of space dissolves into an infinite of gorgeously stained windows, chapels, pews, and altars. Its spires are 330 feet high. From Fifth avenue to Madison avenue, the Cathedral is 420 feet long. It is | more than 200 feet wide. Its doors are 15 feet high and 15 feet wide. It has beeii called "the outstanding monument of Romanticism in the country." * * * On the left, as you enter the Cathedral, is the Book Rack, where pamphlets and other forms of literature on the creed and customs of Catholicism may be found. Then you come to the Window of St. Vincent De Paul, founder of the Fathers of the Mission, who died in 1660. All of these magnificent windows are dedicated to the memory of great figures in the his- Washington Daybook By Preston Grover About this lime various prophets arise, and observing natural phenomena, tell us whether we shall have a severe winter or not. One prophet has it that the winter will be severe because the corn husks are thick. Some think thick fur on animals forecasts a hard winter. The "gooscbouo prophet" has his own original method of making these predictions. Probably the fur on animals and j other such conditions depend not. on the winter that is coming, but on the kind of weather through the summer. If there has been pif>a f y of moisture and food, animals look WASHINGTON, Aug. S.—At last comes a concrete demonstration that it is nicer to live in a democracy than in Germany, even though the weather is hot over here. Almost on the same day came the German official warning that the people must eat less food and the American official pronouncement that the people in 100 "U. S. cities would be persuaded to eat more food. Liberty and freedom of speech and the right to go to the First Baptist church are not very material things to talk about so long as you are free to have any one or all of them. But food is something else. You have it or you don't have it and you begin to know the difference in 24 hours.. Loss of church privileges or the right to give or take a little soap box oratory goes on at a plow pace and may take years. It is our personal impression that nothing will re-establish the virtues of democracy in Yankee minds so quickly as stories of Germany's cutting down the food supplies to support rearmament. In spite of the fact that we are wallowing knee-deep in military expenditures, nobody here has started to cut down the daily ration. * * * Stamps Are Successful The Dept. of Agriculture has been troubled with food surpluses these many months and has been disposed to encourage farmers to grow less instead of more. That has been only partly successful in balancing crops against national appetite. More recently the system of stamp distribution among relief clients has begun to attack surpluses of particular varieties of food. Congress put up ?100,000,000 of good paper money to finance stamp distribution so that a relief client will get an additional 50 cents for special health-building foods for every dollar he gets of relief payments for general expenditures. It has worked very well, or at least the Department of Agriculture says it has, in two or three cities to date and the department Is going ot to take in more. Quietly (he Department of Agriculture has been toying with the idea of permitting relief clients to use the stamps to purchase cotton goods. It would take an awful lot of stamps to make much of a dent in the cotton surplus, all of which the department knows very well. But a dent is a cle-nt, and, besides, the department suspects that a few more shirts a year wouldn't hurt the average family. * * * One Similarity To date we have noticed only one similarity between the food programs in Germany and the United States. In Germany the government is trying to persuade loyal Natfs to drink less beer, as beer uses grain and grain is a spare crop in Germany. In the United States relief stamps cannot be used to buy beer. But there again the reason is different. The Department of Agriculture figures that beer in this country is all tangled up with moral issues instead of food shortage and it is just as well to work the safe side of the street. Crop Restrictions Scored By Mayor NEW YORK. Aug. S U.—In a speech suggestive of national political ambition, Mayor F. H. La Guardia spoke out. Monday against crop production restrictions. With the National Association of Retail Meat Dealers as his forum, the Mayor declared: "I believe in abundance. I do not believe in any system which curtails production or in any way destroys crops." "1 want tn change that system," he went on—apparently referring to the Roosevelt Adiminstration's farm policies—''which is now in reverse—and put it in high forward gear. * * * " It's Odd But It's Science By HOWARD W. BLAKESLEE (Associated Press Science Editor) WASHINGTON.—A rubber band and an eliectric heater can now substitute for the "hand that rocks the cradle." These materials, handy in every home, form a new "rubber heat engine" announced at the National Bureau of Standards by Lawrence A. Wood and Norman Bekkeclahl. Rubber engines have been known before, but they could only swing a pendulum. The new one rocks During the winter of 17S3-S4 Louisiana people saw the rare sight of chunks of ice floating rlown the Mississippi river to the Gulf of Mexico. By EDGAR A. GUEST TREES ARE LIKE PEOPLE Trees are like people. Some ar fair And some are old and worn, , And some to heavy load? of care could be predicted far in :ulv»!>c«. $oom stranRrly " to ho horn. thrifty. If food has beon scarce, they look thin and peaked. It. would be a wonderful thing if wcn;h-;; but the scientists seem to think 't be done very succe.s.-i'uHy a* can yet. A GERMAN* savant conclude that man has 15 senses instead of five. It is discouraging, as it makes more for Europe to come back to. ROGUES often go unpunished because the honest men they rob can't complain without revealing their own part in law-breaking. i In r-ynry wood? thf twisted forms : Of crippled trees appear Braving life's bufferings and storms i Through rmmy a cruel year. Some trees are crowded by their ! kind j And hedged about by greed j That day by day they scarcely find The nourishment tr.^y ne^d. Arid ihf-ivj aro gian's S;'H:T and strong Tim r-ile by might "f :': f :vi.f- Ann wise old trees ths* el', ah'.'j? Like greybeard and his d'im ft . POLL HEFAVOt ^ Buy America's Largest Selling Used Car this pnpcr Thuixlny! an inverted pendulum, operating on the principle of the cradle, rocking horse and rocking chair. The pendnlum is a vertical rod, weighted at the top, pivoted to rock to and fro. Attached to its bottom is a. rubber hand, .1 few inches long, hitched to the floor or other base. The band is loose enough so that the top of the rocker arm tips to one side, until the stretching rubber stops it. There the "machine" stands motionless. But. set the "bathroom" heater in front of the rubber and it contracts from the heat. This pulls on the bottom of the rocking arm and straightens it. Now comes the- trick. A long, narrow vertical shield is set between heater ami rubber to rut off the rays when the pendulum and rubber are in a vertical line-. Instantly, in the cool shade, the rubber relaxes. The rocker arm tips again, pulling the rubber out into the heat zone, where- it again contracts. One rock every there seconds is possible, and a pair of hands often lasts several weeks working eight hours a day. LANGUAGE CONDEMNED BOSTON, Aug. S.—A resolution condemning "alleged intemperate language" against. Vice President John N- Garner by a "dual organization head" was presented Monday to the opening session of the ivHh annual convention of the Massachusetts Federation of Labor. tory of the Catholic Church. The Window of St..Elizabeth of Hungary, St. Andrews the Apostle and St. Catherine of Alexandria, reveals Catherine leaning on a wheel, the instrument with which she was tortured, before she was beheaded, in 305. The Queen-Saint has a basket, of roses that were loaves which she distributed to the poor. Another impressive window is that of St. Henry, the German Emperor, shown in a counter-attack on those who slew priests and pillaged the church. The title-window of the Church, St. Patrick's portrays scenes from. St. Patrick's life, concluding with his death and entry into Heaven. This window is said to have cost $11,500. To recount these windows is to weave a history of the heroes of the Catholic Church. * * * In the Cathedral, too, is the Crypt, where lie the remains of the prelate-rulers of the Archdiocese of New York. Among these is Archbishop Hughes, founder of St. Patrick's. The Crypt 'is guarded by bronze doors and contains 4S vaults. The occupied vaults are sealed and on them are the names of their occupants. Almost every hour of the day you will see artists on Fifth avenue, sketching the imposing magnificence of this edifice. It is a thing of beauty for hundreds of thousands of Protestants and Catholics and Jews as they walk the street and gaze upon its high arched domes, its twin spires, its reminder of the "universality and continuity of Christian Civilization." THINGS OF THE SOIL By DAN VAN GORDER Questions oC lawns, pardons, poultry, livestock, orcharding nntl general tarming- are discussed In this department. Headers have here access to th.9 Information and advice burnished by our agricultural editor. Inqulrio" on all phases of soils and crops will be answered by return mall. Address letters to The Mall Information Bureau, Van Gorder Service, Inc.. "Washington. D. C. Exterminating House Flies At a recent informal gathering of business and professional men the question came up—Are there many proofs that man is not yet fully civilized? * Of course, among the prominent suggestions in the affirmative were: our high rate of automobile fatalities, our inability to conquer cancer, modern mail's haste to resort to war iu settling international disputes, crime, racketeering and similar truths we regret to admit. Finally one man said, "I believe the most conclusive evidence that we are not highly civilized is found in the fact that we have not yet attempted seriously effective measures to exterminate such dangerous disease-carrying insects as the common house fly?" At first this opinion was greeted with laughter, but, after the speaker cited some of the dangers the house fly brings into the home, most of those present had to admit that there were few logical excuses for man's long ignorance of the house fly's dancers and his lethargy in waging effective war on it. Mid-summer brings the fly's most menacing season, the time when it is most numcr'ous and troublesome. Therefore, a few old but always vital facts warrant repetition to aid housewives in meeting this danger. House flics propiignte almost entirely in horse manure, although they occasionally lay their eggs in excrement of poultry and swine, fermenting: vegetable wastes, gar- .bage and other suitable animal and vegetable matter. It passes through four distinct stages—egg, larva or grub, pupa and adult. Prevention, therefore ultimate extermination, can be attained by •screening all manure heaps or using an affective larvicicle to de- story the eggs, practicing strict sanitation with all vegetable and animal waste matters. Garbage pails should be closer! tightly; pcrwrlered borax (not lime) should be sprinkled freely two or three times a week where poultry, livestock or human excrement offers breeding media. Housewives should follow a program of prominent don'ts: Don't buy fruits 'or other foods where the*grocer carelessly leaves them exposed to flies. Don't permit children or adult, members of the family to cot foods which have been contaminated even for a short time by flies. Don't accept screens as the solution of the fly problem, although screening is stressed for ' homes, grocery stores, hospitals and all other rooms and buildings where these dangerous pests are invaders. Don't place emphasis on killing individual flies to the exclusion of preventing their propagation by screening or using effective larvi- cicles on manure heaps and other animal and vegetable matter in which they breed. Don't rely on officials enforcing sanitary laws, but rather patronize only the grocer, druggist and other dealers who practice cleanliness and safety in barring Hies. Send a 3-ccnt stamp to the editor for a free copy of our house fly control leaflet. Cackling Chickens Betray Fugitives Kankakee, 111., Aug. S (#»).—Two escaped Federal convicts, betrayed by the cackling of four chickens, were captured Monday on the tip of an alert policeman who also noticed that their automobile license plates did not match. The convicts were- Gerald Montague, 21, of Kankankee, and Walter Smith, 22, of Cincinnati. They were among seven. Federal prisoners who escaped from guards July 26, near Thornburg, Va., while they were being transferred by bus from the Atlanta, Ga., Penitentiary to the Federal prison mt Lewisburg, W. Va. Both Montague and Smith were questioned for hours today about the attempted seizure/ ol a $56,000 army payroll aboard an Illinois Central train, south of here, last Monday. The prisoners were taken to the Federal jail at Danville tonight. Postal inspectors declined to say whether the men were implicated in the robbery. Deputy Sheriff Gene La Fontaine said the pair had confessed five burglaries, the theft of a car and the theft*of four chickens. The cackling of the four chickens on the rear seat of the- men's car attracted the attention of a night policeman. Lou Gehrig has hit home runs with the bases loaded 23 times. Second National Bank The Oldest Bank In Hagerstown For Perspiration, Body Odor, Food Odor, Try RU-CO 25c Rudy's Rcxal! Pharmacy Hotel Hamilton Corner The House of Blue White Diamonds 00 W. Washington St. Statisticians figure that if all the lumber cut in the U. S. during the past 135 years were stacked, it •would make a. cube exactly one mile in each dimension. Electric Cooking CLEANER FASTER CHEAPER A«k for Proof »» Your ELECTRIC Range Dealer SALE Women's SHOES EARLES Dept Store 71 Wp*t XVimlilnjrton Street $| PALM BEACH SUITS MUSEY & EVANS 59 West Washington Street Theso Are Typical 3-Minulo Station-to-Slalion Night and Sunday Rates from Hngerstown: Ashcviilc N. C $ .*" Atlantic City. N. J. .. Bar 11 arbor. Me Rluemont. Va Riizxnrd's Bay. Mass Colonial Bench. Va. . Kaglos Mere, Pa. ... Gibson Island. Mel. . NaiTng:ms<:U. R. 1. .. New York, .\. Y Oeenn Cily. N. J. ... Pine-hurst, N. r Rehoboth Reach, Del. San Francisco, Calif Virginia Beach, Vn. . York llnrbor, M<\ ... SUMMER VACATIuHS.. ..and SOME ARE NOT! Your T-acaticn,* above all, should bo care and worry irco. It will to. if you remember io telephone homo • often, to reassure your family about your v/clfare, and to hear them say that they crro all right. Make your call after 7 In the evenings, or anytime Sundays, for the lowest rates. Company of ]>nltimorn ('it.v 33 Summit Avo. HiigrrMown 0900 DICK TRACY —ASH MA& HE'S BURNiNG f PARDOhJ THE COAT IM T"HE= ) MA'AM] \MClMerRATOR.' l-^/ BUT HE OUT OP HIS f DETECTIVE HEAO??? HOW COUUD BEE.M <SO STUPID? W&L-L, THIS CARE OF WHY, THER& OUT TOWARD THE <S ARA&E f AMD HE'S CARRV1NKS THxXT COAT WITH THE HOLE BURHED IM -THE POCKET/ ??P TRACY'S IM TWB PROMT HE'D UKE TO SEE YOU. mmm* I JUST DROPPED OUT, MRS. MUREMOH, TO ASK YOU OM£ MORE QUE-STlOM. COLJL.D YOU TELL, \E WHETHER OR MOT YOUR HUSBAND IS L&FT - HAHDED? y ~ER REALLV- X DOM'
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