The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 3, 1945 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

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state Historical Society T^:';^^>a, Kansas Comp. THE IOI.A REGISTER n^OLUME XLVIII No. 58 The Weekly RegiEter, Established 1867: The lola Daily Register, Established 1897. lOLA, imS., WEDNESi)AY EVENING, JANUARY 3,1945. Suce^aor to The lola Daily Begistsr, "^'he lola Daily Reconl, and loU Daily iui^. SIX PAGES + + + The WAR TODAY + + + BY DEWITT MACKENZIE f The Marshal Von Bundstedt of 'the Philippines Is bull-voiced and buli-headed General Yamashlta, the Japanese commander in chief, who is. showing signs of Intending to emulate his Nazi opposite in Europe and launch a counter-drive against Gfrjeral MacArthur—and our newly acquired position on strategic Min- doto Island is likely to be an early objective. the battle of the Philippine archipelago is rushing towards its crisis, and the MacArthur-Nimltz i partnership is crowding the Jap in- v^ers hard. Xamashita has sworn to force MiicArthur to surrender imcondl- . tiorially, and there's no doubt that the: war-lord means business. Yama­ shlta isn't to be regarded lightly, ior;he'.s one of the outstanding generals of our time. True, radio Tokj-o recently put him in a somewhat lu- djcroas light by boasting naively that he's Ko clever he can "doze off and even snore in the midst of conversation." However, while we might lik^ to gauge his capabilities by this dolibtful accomplishment we should be foolish to do so. fhe Japanese commander is a aahgerous and determined foe. Don't forget that It was he who made that .sensational drive down through the junfeles of the, Malay peninsula, clearing out the British and finally capturing the "Impregnable" base of SlhRiipore early in the war. The Weather KANSAS—Cloudy with snow flurries, colder tonight except extreme soniheast; lowest temperatures 10 north I to 15 south portion; clearing and colder Thursday. Temperature—Highest for the 24 hours ending ^ p m. yesterday, 2G; lowest last^nlglJt, 18; normal for today, 32; deficiency yesterday. 12: deficiency since Jamiarj- 1, 25 degrees; this date last year, highest, 39; lowest, 23. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, trace; total for this year to date, trace; deficiency since January 1, .08 inch. Sunrise 8:39 a. m.; set 6:15 p. m. Thermograph Readings Ending 8 a. m. Today 19 9 p. m 23 9 a. m. 10 a. m. 19 U a. m 19 12 noon 20 1 p. m 21 2 p. m. 21 3 p. m 22 4' p. m 23 5 p. m 24 6 p. m : 26 7 p. m '26 8 p. m 25 10 p. m 20 11 p. m 20 12 m 20 1 a. m 19 2 a. m 19 3 a. m 18 4 a. m 13 5 a. m IS 6 a. m 18 7 a. m 18 8 a. m 18 Ks rrcpiitly iippolntcd commandrr in' the Philippines, Yamashlta ;,s the mikado's right arm. for these islh-nds are the key to victory. The general is showing particular con- cet-n over the new American acquisi- tloiJ—air bases on the southern end of .Mlndoro. which nestles up against the main island of Luzon. These basfes place our air power within less than half an hour's fllghPof Manila. No • wonder Yamashlta is getting bu*y. 5'hp significance of the. winning pf.'this base on Mindoro the 15th of ,iaa month was frankly and gravely :ioted in Tokyo at the time. The wicthlv read newspaper Asahi warned the; public that an American victory on. ;Mindoro would give the United States "full control of tomorrow's military situation." 1 ? I Now American bombers based on Mindoro are sweeping all Luzon m forde. MacArthur's intention to invade Luzon, for the final great en- .£!ag«ment of the Philippine battle, is an open book. As a natural corollary we see Yamashlta's caiTying out' military operations on southern Lu:^on^only a stone's throw, .so lo spe^k, from Mindoro—with the apparent design of trying to oust Mac- Artjhur's forces from the smaller Island. ' . the impending crisis of the battle of the Philippines will produce some of (he bloodiest fighting of the bitter war in the Pacific. Admiral Nlmitz. naval chief in the Pacific, is pptlmistic but realistic. He has made it. clear that rough going is just ahead. Government Surplus Sale Next Friday '-Farmers and dealers from widely Sfcattered areas are expected to be 111 ;ioIa Friday for the auction of surplas government commodities which will be held at the merchants' exhibit building in Riverside park, bef^lnning at 10 a. m. W. J. Riley, Plgua auctioneer, will be ;in charge of the sale of about $7,000 worth of tools and supplies which includes scores of hard to ob( mih items. Much of the mcrchan- dLsi" has been used. However, a quantity of now supplies , such as flails, screws, wire, etc., will also, be offered for sale. Glencliff Takes Over Purchaser of Belknap Dairy Assumed Official Management January 1 The Belknap Dairy, whose purchase by Glencliff Service, Inc., was announced a month ago, was officially taken over by the new management January 1 and now is : being operated as the Glencliff, Dairy of lola. Joe Keaimes, the new manager,' has been here the past ten days making arrangements for the transfer arid getting settled with his wife and 8-year-old daughter. They have rented the residence at 321 South Walnut formerly occupied by George Mack, and the daughter .started to school this week. For the Immediate future, operations will continue without change at the former Belknap location on West Street. Cream will be purchased there and the full line of Glencliff pasteurized dairy products will be distributed through lola groceries and markets. Remodeling' Under Way The new company, however, has leased the VanHj'ning building on the east Side of the .square for future occupancy, and remodeling operations there are already under way. Carpenters have removed the partition between the corner room and the one formerly occupied by Betty's Hosiery Bar to, make one large room which wHl' eventually be used as a dairy and ice cream bar. By the end of the week, plans for the further remodeling of the building will be complete and the work will proceed at once. Plan Extensive Alterations Extensive alterations are planned before the pasteurizing plant is moved in. Tile floors will be laid, according to Mr. Kearnes, and every device will be employed to make the new plant a model of sanitation and efficiency. A considerable amount of new equipment will be purchased when and as it become available under WPB restrictlon.s. With his sale to Glencliff. C. E. Belknap completes 15 years in the dairy bu.slness in lola. He sa.ys that ho ha.sn't yet made definite plaas for the future but that he intends to remain in lola. Blood Unit In lola Next Week Red Cross Plasma Center Will Be Opened at Jefferson School On Monday for Three Days The Allen county Red Cross blood plasma center •will open for three days next Monday at the Jefferson school with a full staff of doctors and nurses, including the corps sent here by the Kansas City office and a number of local nurses. The arrangements will be similar to those which worked so successfully during the mobile blood plasma unit's two visits here In 1944, Charles Ableson. county chairman said this morning. Routine the Same Donors will enter by the north door. They will be registered and given tests to determine their physical fitness before being admitted to the bleeding room which will be set up in the auditorium. From there the donors will go to the canteen to be served hot drinks and wafers during their waiting period A dozen or more towns in southeastern Kansas are sending delegations. Several of these are coming 100 miles or more in order to give their contribution to the nation's supply of plasma which has saved.' the lives of so many wounded service men. Need More Names Gene Cook, registrar, still needs the names of more local men and women who can be called upon to fill in if a delegation falls to arrive or it an unexpectedly large per cent of prospective donors should be turned down by the examining nur.ses. The splendid record made during the other two visits of the unit to lola was made possible by the steady stream of volunteers which kept the staff bu.sy at all times. Spend? $4,884,773 In 19M Campaign WaflhlQgton, Jan. 3.' (AP).— DemocraHc and Republican national osnmlttees ^nt $4,884,773.14 1« the 1944 presidential can ^Mlgg. Report filed with congress to­ day—excguslve of state campaign expense»Usbowed the Ilembcrats spent |2,056,121.58 to re-elect President Roosevelt to a fourth term. ^ The Rktubllcan committee said it spent> $2,828,651.58 in Its un- successf^ campaign for Gov. Thomas jp. Dewey of New York. 79t]iCoiigi Nazis in New Attack Milo T. Jones, Chanute, Dies of Heart Ailment Cold Moving In From Dakotas Topeka, Jan. 3. (AP)—Colder weather straight from the Dakota Icebox was expected in Kansas tonight but no snow was seen before tomorrow night. "Weather conditions arc changing so rapidly," F^ora complained, "it's hard to keep up with them. Contradictory conditions show up on the map this morning. It could go to snow or to colder—I'm taking colder. Maybe the noon forecast will change my mind." With the aid of a three and one- hali-inch blanket of snow, Coffeyville was coldest In the state last night at 19. Goodland was the warmest reported spot yesterday with a high of 41. Only other moisture reported was a trace at Wichita, Kansas City and St. Joseph, Mo. Light snow fell at other southeastern points yesterday. Skies were clear In Kansas today but snow was falling in Nebraska, South Dakota, Wyoming and Montana and on east to New York. Under the Influence of sunshine, state highs today were expected to reach 30 or 35 but tonight should be colder. Flora predicted, with lows from 15 to 20. Peak tomorrow will be from 20 to 25. Chanute. Ka.s.. Jan. 3. 'APi— Milo T. .Jones. 64. a prominent civic leader, died suddenly at hLs home liere yesterday. Death was attributed to a heart ailment. He was an organizer and .secretary of the old •White Eagle Oil and Refining Company, and had numerous real e.state and oil holdings. He was also engaged in the lumber business. Survivors include the widow, two daughters. Mrs. James AlfHns of Ventura-, Calif., and Mrs. Karl Voll- mcr of St. Louisr and a brother, Hugh T. Jones. Chanute. Your Guess Good as Next Fellow's iWhen It Comes to Kansas Weather : What will the weather be In 1945V That Ls the $64 question which every Allen county farmer, stockman and dealer in farm products would like to .see answered now. •'V'emon 'White of the local office of the Soil Conservation Service has compiled .some fact^ about precipitation in the county during the past 40 years upon which guesses may be based by those who are in a mood to do some long range weather predicting. Mr. White, himself, says that he is no prophet and Is willing to let the weather choose its own couf.se during 1945. :Slnce 1900 there have been seven periods when the rainfall was above normal. Including 1944. Four of these have been followed by dry periods. The wet spell In 1909 was followed by five dry years. That of 1915 was ^(jUpwed by four years with sub- lormal precipitation. ' :The ne.xt wet ,year was 1920 which inaugurated four years of rainy weather. The next to the wettest year so far recorded was 1927 with 53.27 Inches of rain. The following year was also above normal but 1929 ushered In six years of drouth which reached Its peak In 1934. The next year, 1935, was comparatively wet but was followfHi by a series of five years wlilch were all below normal in rainfall. The past four years, 1940-41-42-43, have all been wet. In fact 1941 brought 51.86 inches of rain and was one of the best crop years in the county'§ historj-. Four of the very wet years. 1909, 1915, 1928 and 193.=>, have been followed by varying degrees of drouth. Two wet years, 1920 and 1941. have been followed by years with precipitation above normal. The wet sp ?ll following 1920 la.sted f»ur years. The one following 1941 has been in progress three years. Has It another year to go? The most encouraging fact for 1945 Is that all previous precipitation cycles since 1900 have run from four to six years in length. If that pattern is followed, 1945 will bring ample water for growing crops. The great variation In rainfall In the county Is shown by other figures compiled by Mr. White. If we should have a year in which each month had the maximum recorded precipitation for that month the total rainfall would be 106.33 inches. If one should pick a year with the mini- mam recorded rainfall for each month the total would be only 5.18 Inches for the year. The answer to the $64 question seems to be—anything can happen ,to th^-weather la Kansas. Army Tightens Ward Control Chicago, Jan. 3. (AP)—The army, waving a big stick, tightened Ite control today over the federally- seized Montgomery Ward and company properties In seven cities across the nation. Acting swiftly, army officials yesterday moved to gain complete authority in operating the big mall order house facilities. The Urst step in that direction was the ousting of 11 company officials whom army men said remained defiant since the military took over last Thursday and had refused to cooperate In the government's operation. The alleged interference in the army's operation was being Investigated for the first time by a federal grand juo- and federal attorneys had filed 18 affidavits In connection with the government's peijltlon for an injunction to prevent company Interference and a declaratory judgment upholding legality of the seizure, ordered by President Roosevelt. A federal court hearing is scheduled next Monday. Maj. Gen. Joseph W. Byron, military manager, who directed the army's movements yesterday, said that officials or other employees dismissed for non-cooperation with the army faced possible selective service reclassification. Interference with army operation, he said in posters in the plant, might result in severe penalties." Most; Business Will Be PostBioned Until After FDR-Message Saturday Washln^n, Jan. 3. (AP)—"ftie 79th congress was convened with war-bom ^solemnity today as _ the nation girdled for a critical year, both at home tjnd abroad. As If st'ressing tjie prime importance of the manpower problem, the White House greeted the assembling lawmakers with an announcement that yount farm workers, now deferred, most be drafted "to the full extent permitted by law." Galleries ^^wded Both climbers were gavelled into being promptly at noon. Spectators crowded .«ie galleries to watch newly elected members fonnally Inducted. Many of the visitors had stood in long llnet to await the opening of the galle^ doors. With a bust of former Secretary of State Cordell Hull standing on the rostri^ the •senate began its ceremonl^ with the presentatlop of election credentials for Homer Capehart, In^ana Republican, Forrest Donnell, Missouri Republican, who was not present, and William J. Fulbright, A/kansas Democrat. Choose Cpmmittee Members On theK house's brief calendar lor opening was the routine re- electlpn oi Sam Raybum (D-Tex.) to his fourtii term as speaker. The DemocralB were ready to speed their organization by choosing today their members of the biggest standing-committees — particularly those deajing with the war and government ia >ending. Most lousiness will be postponed until aft#r President Roosevelt's fourth vartlme messjige on the state of the union Is read to members in a'^jolnt session Saturday. Sgt. S; J. Elliott Jr. Missing.in Action Mr. an^ Mrs. S. J. Elliott, Savonburg, haye been notified that their son, Sgt. Samuel J. Elliott Jr., has been mining in action since December i. He Is a member of the headquarters company, second bat- tallonj; 3^8th Ir^antry, part of the Third arjny. Sgt. Eliott was born and reared In Savonburg and was employed by Nelsbn ^rothers, LaHarpe, when he was IndiMited. He has been overseas about three months. His •wife, the former Doris WUl- lams, SsATohburg, is employed in a defense ^lant at Wichita. County Checker Association ']&)umey Saturday The Allen county checker association will hold Its annual tournament at 7:30 p. m. Saturday in the lola Memorial hall. Georg^ Busley, president, says that a oiumber of out of town checker'experts are expected to be present to tangle with the local draughtsmen. Trade Blows With Nazis German attacks break out In two new spots on the western front, Bltche-Dambach sector of the U. S. Seventh army, and in the north at Hoermond. Bitter battle continues on Muese river around Ba.stogne.— : (NEA Telephoto.) Turks Vote to Break Relations With Japan London, Jan. 3. (AP)—The Ankara ratllo announced tonight the Turklshi^ grand national assembly had voted unanimously to break off diplomatic and economic relations with J^an. effective next. Sattir- day. May Draft Yoxing Farm Workers Byrnes Calls On Selective Service to Tap Largest Remaining Reservoir of Men In 18 to 25 Age Croup Washington. Jan. 3. (AP) The White House today directed selectiv''e service to press "to the full extent permitted by law"" the drafting ef deferred farm workers in the 18 through 25 age class." Acting with President Roosevelt's authorization, 'Wa'r Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes called on Selective Service Director Lewis B. Hershey to draw as much as possible on this largest remaining reservoir of potential fighting men. Byrnes said there are 364.000 men In this age range^now holding agrl- cultiu-al deferments. Need More! Youn? Men "The army and navy believe it essential to the' effective prosecution of the war," .Byrnes said, "to Induct.more men in this age group." "The president feels in view of existing conditions." Byrnes told Hershey, "sigriculture, like our other war Industries can, with few exceptions, be carried on by those In the older age groups.'' Byrnes noted Chat Hershey had told him that If men were not available from the farms he would have to" call up deferred jnen in the next higher age group, most of whom are lathers ' Tap New Source* Presidential Secretary Stephen Early said the war mobilization director had made the request to Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey "because of representations niade to him by the army and havy that they must have men." ^ •. , So, Byrnes propofied to tap this new source of ma:ppower for the armed services. It represents tbe; largest remaining source of young men. Byrnes.£(cted In the wake of reports that War Food Administrator Marvin Jones was opposed to any move to draft farm workers. Topeka, Jan, 3.. (AP)—Kansas officials agreed today induction of <C«inHitii«1 on Par* «. I >io. tl Set Nazi Casualties In Offei^sive at 60,000 On the Western Front, Jan. 3. (AP).—Geripan casualties for the winter j)ffenslve were estimated un^jfficialiy tonight at 60,000, and 'an official estimate placed th^Jnumber of German prisoners MRO,000. Four hundred tanks are believed to have been knocked out. The estimate of prisoners was for the first 16 days, of Field Marshal Voiy Rundstedt's attack, while the t^tal casualty flgiu^ was for thCj whole operation to date. The counter offensive began December 16. 2 Jst Bomber Command To Guam Open New Headquarters With Heavy Super- fort Raid on Industrial Targets at Nagoya • By VERN HAUGLAND Superfortress Headquarters* Guam, Jan. 3. (AP) — America's Superfortress offensive against Japan entered a new phase today when a sizeable force of B29s, directed ior the first time from Guam, rained bombs upon industrial Nagoya, on Nippon's main island of Honshu. The ^Ist Bomber (Command transferred from Guam to Saipan, opened Its hew headquarters with the Nagoya assault. The giant planes carried a bomb load equalling the largest of five yet sent against Tokyo and perhaps slightly exceeding any of the three previous Nagoya raids. (Rajdio Toly^ said the target of about 90 of the B-29's Included Nagoya, Osaka and Hamamatsu, three Important Industrial centers.) Have Good Weather The B-29's took off from Saipan In fine weather and expected to encounter good bombing conditions for the attack on Nagoya's war plants. It was the first Superfort strike against Honshu since the Tokyo raid of December 27 and the first against Nagoya since December 22. Brig. Gen. Haywood S. Hansell now for the first time directs the B-29 Marianas operations from his permanent headquarters on Guam. There has been no official statement on these operations but It already Is known In the United States that in no time there will be B-29 bases on all three islands In addition to the present ones on Saipan where Brig. CJeh. Emmett O'Donnell remains with combat and service units of his particular organization. (^e reference to "three Lslands" preJiumably means Saipan, nearby Tl ^Jan and Guam, south of Saipan, whifen American forces seized from th?'-! Japanese last year.) Mdilem Control Bnilding Hansen's control building Is built so he can maintain the closest kind (Conttnned on Page 8, No. 1) 3rd Army Advances 31/2 Miles Germans Lash Out at Dozen Different Places, Gaining Up to Two Miles Near Bitche Rip Through Budapest Reds Sniash Deeper Into City in Bloody House to House Fight Moscow, Jin. 3. (AP)—Russian storm forces-were smashing thpir way through ^loody Budapest today in pi;obably the fiercest house-to- house fighting since Stalingrad. Making progress In what an official announnement called "fierce encounters Iri fortified houses, In courtyards arid In cellars," Red army troops yesterday captured 232 blocks In Pest; the ^art of the city ea.st of Danube, and-53 blocks in Buda on the opposite "tank. On the b^sls of preliminary reports It Is believed In Moscow that the enemy garrison already has lost 10,000 dead' and possibly 30.000 wounded. May Hold IgO.OOO of Enemy Although ihe Red army has not officially estimated the strength Of the trapped garrison. Col. Gen. Janos Voros: minister of defense of the provlsle^al Hungarian government recently set up In Russian-held territory, said last night the total may run as,hlgh as 75,000 to 100,001 Germans, plus 30,000 Hungarians. With yesterday's advances, which brought in approximately 1.000 prisoners, the Ijussians now hold nearly 1,000 block!; of the battered city. How 2,000,0i(>0 civilians estimated to be cowering inside the. city are surviving the struggle could only be imagined. It now appeared hkely that the Russian armies would not resume offensive ofieratlons in grreat force in the directitn of the Austrian frontier until Budapest is largely overwhelmed. Germans Strike in North Forty-tw6 miles northwest cf Budapest and 10 miles southeast of the Danube communications center of Komarom, fresh German ar- Imored forces drawn from Austria lashed out; yesterday at the tip of Marshal Eeodor I. Tolbukhln's salient on tjle main road to Vienna. It was aniiounced' officially the attack was i>epul.sed. I Although this counterattack was I'too far dlAant to affect the fate of the Germans cut off in Budapest, a force oj the latter, possibly in sheer desjieratlon, tried and failed to break out of the western part cf the Hungarian capital. Danish Patriots Blow Up Gerinan Plant Stockholm. Jan. 3. (AP)—Eighty Danish patriots have blown, up a radio maK :Ufacturlng plant In Copenhagen , which makes "Magic Eyes" and^other parts for the German V-2 weapon, the Free Danish Press Sendee said today. The Dalies overpowered 20 factory guar^ early yesterday morning, kllllntt one of them, the dispatch added. By WILLIAM L. RYAN (Asfiocintcd Cr^fs IV-ir Eaitur) U. S. Third army forces smashed 5^2 miles northeast of Bastogne today on the diagonal railway toward St. Vith, and the Gernrin.s in the .south at the same time lashed out furiou.sly at a dozen places on a 70-mile wihdin .f front from the. Saar to tic Rhineland. Lt. Gen. George S. Pattnn'r troi iv, and armor beat (o tiic oui.'-kirts .if Mlchamps and into th M;ii.stor 5 M;est through stubborn resistance snow fell over the Germans' bul'.'-- in Belgium, curtailing tactical support. Nazi Gains Limiird The American line in the soutti held the Germans to- limited gain:. but the new attacks, which mar .\rr prove to be a now pha.so of Masliil Von Rundstedt's offpnEivf. have '•>. i' the Americans their thin foo'hdkl on German soil northca.st of Sam • Guemines. The Germans have <)i lU- ed the line on a five-mile st'oi.cl'. southea.st of Bitche in gains of 1111 in two miles. For the 12th consecutive day, tJ. S. heavy bombers sma.slierl at sources of German supplies. lOloveii hundred Portre.sses and Libcrnlors struck at rail and road centw.s in wfestem Germany, droppiiig up tn 4.000 ,tons of explosives on jmixir- tant Intersections. In the Belgian bulge, the Americans widened the Bastogne {',ap in the German southern flank amid growing indications of Nazi withdrawals. "Eight Divisions at Bastogne" The German high command declared eight U. S. divisions hart be"!! hurled into an effort to rini; Na?; positions in the Ba.stogne .sector, suggesting that some 110,000 Amen- (Continned on Page 6. No. 3) Rafl Smash Ends Lives of Forty-Eight WEEKLY RITES TOMOKEOW Funeral ^rvices for Mrs. Fannie Weekly, whose death was announced yesterday, will.be held at 2 p. m. tomorrow at the Waugh Funeral home. The Rev. (Chester E. Sisney will be In charge. Burial will be at Toronto. At death Mrs. Weekly was 89 years old. She lived in lola for many years prior to moving to Sand Springs, Okla., to make her home with her son, G. E. Weekly. She leaves another son. Earl Weekly, Chlllicothe, Mo. Expect Regency For Yugoslavia London, Jan. 3. (AP)—Yuftoslav- ia's King Peter is expected v.ithin the next 48 hours to agree to form .T- tion of a new government headed by Marshal Tito as premier, \vit;i Dr. Ivan Subasic stepping down frnm that position but rctainlnp; the foreign ministry. Peter may aLso agree to estiibli.sh- ment of a regency, less than r. week after George II of Greece madr .1 similar decision. Peter apparently has no cholic bu' to remain in exile xmtil a pleljisciti; is hid, aca, a three-man retj- ency submlttL -a 10 him for his approval, even though this would b" tantamount to relinquishing liis throne: Tito and Subasic agr'vd on thf regency and formation of a feilcval Democratic government .sevcrni months ago. Peter promised months ago not to return to Yugoslavia until .summcned by his people after a free electini: He gave .some Indication of his failing hopes when he purcha.scd a home in the English countryside. Many Problems To Be Answered Before Congress Drafts 4-Fs Worknien attempt to remove the bpdy of one of the fo rty-elgbt persons killed when two Southern Pacific trains ?ra^ied in a fog shrouded causewiy through th e marshland near Great Salt Lake, west of Ogden, Utah, ^^n New Year's Day. Eleven cars of the two trains—first and second sections of the crack Pacific Lim­ ited—upere broken and telescoped in what veteran railroaders described as the worst carnage In western rail : history.—(NEA 'JTelephoto.) BY^ JAMES MARLOW Washington, Jan. 3. (AP>—(Congress hasjDlenty to think about before It tries—-if It ever does—through law to fo^ce 4-F's into war jobs or into the army. War Mpbllizer Byrnes says this step may'^ necessary to make the 4-P's take-,essential Wat- jobs if manpower controls fail. But— The rem. of this story deals with questions,'Problems and facts which are bound to come up if congress tries to act on Byrnes' idea: There £re 4 million 4-Fs, men between 18 and 38, who have been rejected for^ military service for physical reasoiis: they had defects. There ^re-also 6,400.000 draft registrants ijetween 38 and 45 whonr the military services don't want for physical •easons: they're considered too old. Nobody knows how' many men In either group—4-F's or 38s to 45s— are In essential jobs. Most, maybe. Maybe not. But, afthough both groups have been rej<<cted for physical reasons, only the,4-Fs are singled out by Byrnes f^r congressional action. Thus SJ "work or fight" law for 4-F's aliJne would be a national service law aimed at only one segment of phe nation's men. Under yuch a law, the army would have to lawer Its physical standards to accept 4-P's. But how low? Where draw the line? Would ra man baU-bUad be ac­ ceptable but not a man wli.!, a bafi heart? Or would .such a law apply only to men with minor defects, like flat feet? Then how would there be control over those with slig'.itly mo: .serious defects if. they couldn't be threatened with army service? Suppose under such a law a man with a bad heart was taken into nUlitary service. Would he get full govemmerit benefits given soldiers now? Such as: A $10,000 life insurance policy, free schooling after his discharge, dependents' allowances, a pension if he had to be discharged because his heart grew worse, and then treat-, ment at veterans' hospitals. And if a 4-F already had gotten himself a job in an essential indus- . try—like communications—could he i be forced out of that and Into some war plant because the government said workers were needed there? As of the moment, what purpose can Byrnes' suggestion serve? 1. It points up the continuing need for war work and for war workers to stay on the job, and for non-war workers.to take war jobs. The labor supply Is tight. A big problem is getting workers to Jobs needing them. 2. It may scare some 4-F's Into essential jobs, if they're not in them now. It may also have the effect of making a lot of 4-F's, already in essential jobs, a little Insecure atwut their future.

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