Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on February 25, 1897 · Page 13
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 13

Sterling, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 25, 1897
Page 13
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ftf >r sjif If f n f,?y«i<w-r:t r»t f I 1 In crr-sf jnjr, Wasbing- cwnW nnt r«fp«a bi«<md«»t dwsttny. m hi* dliwy w« quote : At»f»a» 10 o'clock Ib&de atlies to «BW V«*tiroa, to private Ufa aud to do* IftSlelfcy, atid, with a talttd op- with wo*e anxious and poinfsl I bare words to express, otil for Haw torfc, with the Mat dis- to render firevjoe to my ootintry its call, bat with less of ftnBwerlng Its expectations," The long joonsey from Mann* Vernon Jo Hew T?ork, which he made in his jpivate carriage, attended by two friends and body servants, was one con- toned ovation. The battlefields en route where he bad won victory or bad met flefeafc were transformed into scenes at pleasure, where, ns at Trenton, bright yonteg faces met hit gnee, instead of item and poWder blackened yisagee, and sweet voices welcomed him in songs ,«f praise. The soldier* And tho tioininoa jpeopJe, and particularly the rising gan- 1 fn with Jnlr, 1 7P». h»* dr-'w up ih*f> mi Jin to Air*>rMmi» for th? «i W« pcfst"", font it was P0nsplst*>d wily fonr flryra More Hi» health was good tip to thft of Jjia life, and he regularly attended church «t Alexandria, ntee miles diS- ' . On the 13th bf December he was taken with 'ft cold, as tha rental* of 9 Jong ride over his farms in a sleety storm. That nigbt be was attacked with acute iaJfniiSfc His physicifttis came and Weakened him by copioits blood Jottings until - H was nbsdlntdy impossible .for bins to rally, and he expired ftfrnea* midnight, Deo. '14, 1*199. His last words were, "I* is well." His wife, who was nearly his owii age, followed him to the grave 3>£ years later. A J&atlon t mburn- ed him. •' . '. < . Major Henry Lee pronounced the funeral oration, in which occur the words, •'First In peace, first in war, first in the 'hearts of hia countrymen, " and congress decreed a marble monument at the nation's capita*!. - *.- wi*h Jny ntvl C'.lintnn of with Ell*wr«rth, nd Trnmbnll of Connretirat «n<1 Jenjfitniri Fr/i»kl$n showed tha reach of hia knowledge of governmental ptinelpSes. And the letfceri of hene great men to him proved bow junoh they respected the statesmanlike ibiHty of the man then known only to he world as the great soldier of the ilevolnt'lon. •'•',•• At the close bf the Wnr congrets ac- cnowledged its own helplessness and 'utility; nevertheless It clang to its r - '. t WASHINOTOHBrcEHnACHlC' „' «ration, were with him. Butwho.could s . irnve imagined»that a few short years -*4n office, unrerannerative and vexatious „' ia it was to him, would have evoked a A' host of snarling, envious, sycophantic • < office seekdrs? , , l . He was inaugurated at New York : "« 4he SOth of April, 1789J and before ho X Aad -hardly warmed the presidential /•«nair the Philistines were upon him. j*r"They' first' criticised his receptions/ ^ -which were denounced as aping royalty, j 1 ' and of which he said: .,' .' <- "Before this custom was established, ;,.-which now accommodates foreign char'•' '"hoters, atrangers and others who, from; ' ?•. motives of curiosity, respect to the chief f >. magistrate, or any other cause, are in- \"j> «i}uced tocall on me, I was unable to,at-' t,' Jead tQ any business whatever, .!*.:* * To r'^&leaBe everybody was impossible,-'. I !' therefore'adopted .that line of conduct ' —"-»-•—'— «-*-—»'!—»-«-| advantage with nnexoeptionable in it- OHAPTERXXII. _ _ -.I! Vf ASHINOTON THE STATE8MAH.-, J.- ;:. The fame of Washington, aside from that greatness of character which !>e- stows such,luster on his aetaory, bespeaks the great soldier, the wise eieon* tive, (he man of glorified common BenBo. But few who have not been students of history have justly measured bin rank as statesman. We are so easily allured to identify genius in public . affrfirs with those gifts of ionguo or pen which make it shine as, to bo loath to separate them. Yet not a few of the great masters of oivio matters.wbo have molded the fate of empires have been among the.' 'dumb"' statesmenV those who conld only speak or write in simple Doric. SuchEnglish- men aa Walpolo, Peel and Palmerston are good examples of this mental genius, and our own Washington and Grant ar,e still,moro interesting studies. . •'.• Washington had but little facility of expression as speaker or writer unless jwhcnLBwnng to tholtop^bylbjgneBS, of ocoasipn. His, farewell address ran£s among tho greatest of American state papers, but'its eloquence is that of deej Bincority and earnestness, the passion oi homespun sagacity fused to. iucandes oenoe.- It Js not even' In the wisdom of •his two administrations as president, though he had then to grapple with so many untried problems with but little light from experience to guide him, tha we must seek the test. ,It is'to the great part ho played in making the oonstitn tion of the United States, a part so big thut-scarcely any one's role could match its value, that we must look for his true gauge as statesman. Perhaps .no one,, in the country had Buch experimental .knowledge of the old system under which we fought Great Britain to a standstill.' The ties of confederation expressed in the powers given to the continental congress were mere ropes of sand. Congress had no'powcr of enforcing its own laws. Every movement was jujipjpjp^sjy\v^to^ed^by_all commonwealths, which were" pk'T, hie ir»diTjulM>i'- <M.-C/ •;':>! I''* pn^rioHstn cert'siiiiy cnn ifvct OH tllS WAT TO BE INAUGURATED. place and refused to pass an ordinance recommending a constitutional convention. A minority of wise men was powerless against a majority consisting of merely parochial legislators, each eaten up by a sense of provincial importance and loath to surrender one tittle of colonial, dignity. It was here that the transcendent influence of Washington to the remotest, corner of . the 13' commonwealths had an tffect which no other public man could exert. Of that galaxy of thinkers \vlio argue'd and .toiled for the important end in view none shone so potently in illuminating and trans,- forming sentiment as the successful cap- tain'who had led the armies of tho inchoate nation' to victoryr. , . . . Under hia auspices Washington saw the little, jo'alous of jealous; of each others the so called and still more central power. the Federalist .statesmen at last brought about tho convention which in 1787 con- BummStecl the work of the-war, ho was made its president. As^ such he took a minor part in its public discussions and deliberations. His name. scarcely appears id the debates, which .covered a period of about ten weeks anjd probably involved as stormy a clash of theories, convictions and 'prejudices, presented on both Hides with masterly skill Of dialectics, as ever shook 'a great public body. Evidence has been, accumulating for the last 100 years—-for even the important facts of history are frequently unrevealed till long after the* actual events—that the president of that convention was the power behind, the throne; that he guided and molded its results in a fashion vastly more vital than his formal duties as chairman. When 'discussion came to a deadlock in more than one instance/ it' was Washington's influence and logic in private that effected either .compromise or Bnb'mission.--Jt-waa4jia_magip-vcice-- thut. placated state jealousies, his suggestive forethought. that frequently offered new points -of .view to bo made public by the great mouthpieces of the convention to the final quenching of all opposition. ~~~. . What that "convention achieved need not be discussed. What fruit it ripened is known of 'all, pcorlesa and priceless like the golden apples of the garden of the Hesperides, the western paradise of Hellenic fablo in the remote seas of the sunset, The,part played by Washington was for the most part hidden from the world n't the time. He never asserted any claims; probably, indeed} he looked on himself as the most insignificant factor in the convention. Of all the world's greatest men be was the most modest. But the conviction has enforced itself moro and moro that of all tho makers of the American constitution no one contributed more ably to its results than Washington the statesman, who thus supplemented the work of Washington the soldier. . , . , THB BND. . i. • trastnd Grant, frnt otrr ponlfi clwsve in reverent affection, abote all, to Washington. Rev. Dr. J'eseph Parker of London.— Others'will epeak of George Washington from a .tnilitary and historical point of view. If I add a word, H must be to express my reverence for the great man's personal character, Which I, bold to b$ one of the purest, simplest and strongest iti the annals of the world. While I do not begrudge America the inheritance of'hie fatne, I cannot allow America a monopoly cf his renown. Georgo Washington belongs topatriotism, tociviliza- tion and to heroism all the world Over. He was a child of tho larger history, not a mere unit in tire development of a single nation. I can never forget the summer day when I went over his quarters on tho banks of the Hudson and touched, as it were, the very spirit and genius of the man. Any honor done to Washington is done to the "destiny that shapes our ends." Phineas T. Barnnm.—The true greatness .of-GeofgelWaBhlngtotLJa-hesLex-— emplified in the greatness of .this country, which, as compared with all otber nations, is the greatest show on earth. Wo celebrate Washington's birthday, but in the centennial of his inauguration we celebrate the real birthday of the nation. Old sayings now take on new meanings.: Hereafter the "first in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of bis countrymen" will be more particularly impressed upon us as first president of the United States. This moans much more than the mere fact that he was the great general who successfully carried the country through the Revolutionary struggle. Another trite saying now has new significance. Wo justly call Washington tho'Father of His Country. • When he took the 1 oath of office as president, New York city had less than 35,000 inhabitants, and our entire population has multiplied from 150,000 to 00.000,000^ Suroly Washing- TpnT'oT^tbe^Falhef^of HiafOoun'tfyTrfiT the patriotic progenitor of-moro-people than wore promised to Father Abraham. Cardinal Gibbons.—It is in accordance with the economy of divine Providence nn opinion about 'Washington to n» about lifca gi?lng » troth 'or honor at patrfntiwn, &it)they'« thr« gtBRt HOOT itstifh better than » later poem thcsa early, eager days: Where Wiufetogtabhnth left His awful jnemory "A HgH tot after thacs. Professor Goldwin Smith.—lean only nay that, seen from my special point of view, Washington^ was a great Englishman, who fought for English rights against the government of the king of England, .not against the English nation. Hatred of the English nation he never betrayed, noi could he be foster- Ing it now. . Rev. William H. Ward, D. D.—The American nation is the gift of no one man, but of A people to whom no one man was essential, and whose combined purpose gave us liberty and nationality. By a vast predominance of moral force New England molded our history, but it was .allowed to Virginia to provide the military leader, whose skill in the arts of war, whose ; patience .in adverse In fTjrjtt ft r'-si-t if 'i* f f { pa N *h'~mofci t* whteli, point our yrath, *?>#* ysf f mm of ststcsmsn, tb« ptifle of «* »IS. Pottef of H«bsrt Ooll^a, The Washington oionniwant a* th» Monat capital list at lens* the m*»rii^BW ( the civil war of Iha-ring renebefl fw eow», pleta altitude. Bo wi^h *8li»atei off .Washington. However inad^aaiiS te. other respects, now that mea fought for rtnd saved the TTnlos see in him not pimply theCbrlstfsa sad patriot, but the lofty statesman, prophetic provision pointing out path of national powet, greatness happiness. A good man, be could bis country without pay, withoul tals* of corruption, without selfish ambition. And when the constitution of the United States had been adopted ttnd ho by universal acclaim made president, bis retirement' at Mount Vernon, his hospitality, his charity to the nation and tha world, was followed by tho same statesmanlike provision in his will, where, by a bequest intrusted to congress (which, that whenever the Almighty has any great work to accomplish in tho civil or moral order he employs, the agency of suitable men to effect its execution.' When ho designed to found a great and model empire in this western world, ho raised tip men who laid tho foundation of our republic so deep, sofltrong and so broad that it might continue for BUG- WASHINGTON'S DEATH. WASHINGTON AT THE OkOSHi OJVCHE WAR.-BY PEALS, » national government firmly established, menacing controversies with foreign •«,, jjations settled, the war debts funded, • - a jpifldifc-restored, oommeifoe and fifiionl- 'tore flourishing, and the resousoeaof the country beginning to l?e exploited »Ud mads available. Elected ft «eooad time to the presidency, he followed ateiotly .the- Hues .^hioh his BBpsrlative wisfloat had seated during the first incumbency In the autumn of J?98 bs puW; 'fcis famous farewell- address, that atttttst remarkable of state papers, apd in tha following apiiag retired to private M*8, Oa the 8d of March, 1797, the suet MIIU Washington gj»va a reaiovai of cloth, wh«a WaeWJJf toa filM bis no working fiscal system, and the machinery of raising money broke down lit the slightest; strain. Business between the 'confederated eojotfiea^as made stagnant by the fact that contracts were not jautnaHy valid. Army op^w- tions were hampered by utter wettkaesa at the heart of. power, and WashJngtoa was assailed by never ending intrigues, Which threatened hia powe* andranfc and embroiled the offloers whose loyalty to ilia plans was of the utmost impor^ taufce, go great were the embajraaaiuenta growing out of that creaking and ramshackle 'engine of administration known as "(he oonUuoutal cougrosH" that the wowiar of Our victory over Great Biitaiu i8 greatly 'eahouotKi Ono i» iucjii?!«d to ausp^oii that a»d 'not oar mother oouuwy beo» greatly bosfcile cu her aide by the American ocoa^iou J?83, * to egitatoiu ESTIMATES OF WASHINGTON A Striking Symposluin of Opiuloua by \VeIl Known Persoiis, living and Dead. The following are opinious.of various public men nud women concerning Washington tha man: - • '• Fitz Hugh Leo of Virginia.— lam one of those who believe that the character of Washington grows greater iu propor- ,tion to the attention we bestow on tho study of his life and/ service, and I think, with Lord Brpughaw, that "the veneration in which his name is held will be the teat; of the progress the .human race has made." It is perhaps natural in this connection that. I shonld call attention to tho language of James Russell Lowell, in which he says: Virginia gave us thid imperial man, , This unWemisbed seatlenian., J Wbijt oan wo (jtvo bor back but ' liove and pr»fe? France* E. Willard.—In thinking about Washington I have always been surprised by the almost unequaled balance that bo was enabled to preserve be- tj?eett>lw oe~ofrifugal force ofgfeatneaa and the ' centripetal toxoo of goodness. The first alone would have, made bim a brilliant meteor; the last alone would have held him iu some quint station of life; tho two combined made him. history's most steady shiuiug star. General O, O. Howard.— Around the name of Washington has' .gathered a halo of completeness which marks and orowna the highest; reaches, of any achievement, and honor. Whenever iu boyhood »ay parents or my inatrnotora wished to UJB « name as a weans of gfaoo to a wayward iad they pointed to that of George Washin^M». &ate? years and the levtilationif of » great war have perhis etrioped. tbe aame and TJfE UOUIX)N BUST OF WASHINGTON. deeding''generations to be tho sanctuary of freedom aud tho homo of the oppressed. Ho gave to the country a Washington, whose valor -and military genius were agnated only by his -wisdom and fortune and whoso' sublime devotion to the causft of the people: made bim Our natural leader. Washington's success depended as much on his character as on his genius. And it was this character, far above all jealous ambition, that made him the one necessary choice as tho first administrator of a new government, which required in the first head rather the gifts of faithful administra-. tion than of theoretic political invention. His marked superiority to all other men of .his time and nation consisted in his unselfish and unambitious readiness and ability to do faithful and ad- mirable'rather than, brilliant service in both military and civil affairs. Philip Schoff, D. D,, LL. D.—Washington is orieof the greatest gifts of God- to the American people.*" The Almighty Ruler of Nations placed at the head of -onr~history-a-taan-of—eiugular-purity-of- -sessed-tho—advantago-of- private and public life that he might outward pressure as well as a mighty command the respect and affection of all drift toward a form of republicanism in, subsequent generations and'bless them the direct line of his temperament.! by his example- as a gentleman, a oiti- Washington began a new system, Ho no one seems able to trace), he sought to ', secure tho foundation at Washington of a national university. He proposed thns to unite all sections of our people. He would thus havo forestalled what we* may well believe he would h k ava deprecated—the present foundation there of a powerful university subject to Roman dominion', potent in its claims upon politicians needing votes and on-American, not because of religious views, •' where all aro tolerated, but beeaujse of foreign "entangling alliances." I Rev.O. B. Frothingham, D. 0.—Oth', , or men' have had more genius, a deeper ' insight into causes, a clearer perception of the meaning of events, but for loyal-, ty .to conviction, for incorruptible integ- , rity, for single hearted fidelity to con- , science, he stands peerless. Lincoln comes nearest to him, but Lincoln poa* zen, a patriot, a general and a president. ol ^otee of of tosir siugalar fdr Jak ^W Mfti*hi JM a pabiie n»8a r statesmanship in the government of the nation; hence I regard George Washington as not only one of the great men of, history, but in a conspicuous sense as an instrument in the bands of Providence in effecting the civil and political emancipation' of this-.nation, as Moses was the 'ipstrument.of God in the deliverance of the Hebrew people from religions bondage. . '. Frank R. Stockton. —OarlyJe well argues that "times" do not make great men. "Alas," bosays, " we have known times call loudly enough for their great man, but not find him when they called. He wainot there." .The times in which our qounfry struggled to appear before the world as a nation may not have made George Washington. But when they called for their great man he was there. • • ' . '.. • •' •Hon. 8. P. Cos;—It is -permitted iu this world, even to the humblest mortal, to survey a star'in the heavens. It is a favorite symbol with'men who are rhetorically inclined to liken our ckvated characters to something belonging to Stellar glory. All Jf can -Bay,' in brief, ia that George Washington was a star of the first magnitude, with an orbit which is yo5 circumscribed according tohntu&ii intelligence. Whether as eojdier or civilian, be ia * 'pinnacled dim iu the, iu ; tense inane" and has no companion in glory. -~ ~, —,-•:-;---—; "•• ;.:: : ". :- ••;•;.. HjaUaer Hjorth Boyeaen.—1 know no historic character concerning whom the .verdict of humanity is so unanimous as it .is .concerning George Woahiugton. With the exception of Thomas Carly'Jailoaunot recall the name otany writer of odiieequeijce who has disaeuted from this verdict.. As far .as I am able to judge, Washington'*) great- noes did not oougisl iu uu abnormal development of one great faculty afc the expense of others equally «jasautial,'but iu au evijw and, equable ttayaiopiaeut of all f ttoulties required for leadership both in peace aud iu wa^,, Itwaajtheadwitfe- bio poisa aud ba Janoe of hie character, its tutppv fiquilibriuui, \vbioh gave him Itia predoujiuauce in his own d^y uud lias etioas«a for hita .• »u wiaaHy, (toxui- uuufc seems at f&.is dintaaae the Sflwl The power, of Washington'jB example is"simply incalculable. It is said that be died childless that ho might be the Father of His Country. Ho is the childless father of 60,000,000 of children,, with the prospect of an ever increasing posterity. Washington combined a nnin-. ber of the noblest qualities in even harmony. His greatness consists in his goodness, and this is the best because it is the most solid, the most beneficent and the most enduring kind of greatness. He succeeded where great men would have failed. He waa tho right man in the right place. Without approaching ~th0^ilitary~gonius~and ambition:of-an Alexander, a Cffisar, a Charlemagne,' a Napoleon, without reaching as a statesman the height of a Pericles, a Richelieu, a Chatham, a Bismarck, without being an orator, as Burke or Webster or Clay, he surpasses them all by the combination of virtues and the absence of faults. He made no mistakes. There are no black spots on bis reputation. For sound judgment, integrity, symmetry and commanding dignity of character be has no superior among groat men. He feared God und loved righteousness. His eole ambition, his highest happiness, was to do his duty and to serve his country. , He gained the respect of all nations. Homo of the strongest tributes to his. name ore'from Englishmen who forgot the defeat of their country in tho ud-^ .miration of his unselfish patriotism. Even'Washington in his lifetime had bis rovilera aud slanderers, Tom Paine, the infidel; had the- impudeaoo to bark against this cathedral and .to publish this'attnok against the president: "As for you; Mr! Washington, posterity will be at a losp to decide whether yon aro au apostate from good principles or waa an aristocrat^byibjrthi/and asaooitt-» lion, and he was surrounded byladnce- ^ ] ments to sink 7 "below 7 the republican ' "', standard. We do not know yet tho whole truth about him, but I am persuaded ' that the moro we know the more we shall honor him. Professor Hoppin of Yale College.— Who truly is a great man? Ho is one who not only has great ideas, but he . THB?H«JUl?8 MAKOB. whether you eve* ba>d »ay." Where i| Tom Piiiua uow, aud where will the uuod'er« udvooute of bis iufidelit5' be in the fiext generation? Waahiagt-ou'sfaaie will endure and gather new .laurels of admiration and affectiou wilh ««ch swo- oeediug goiieratiou till the e»d of Mrs, FraukLeslia-^G«?orgs WasWag- toa in bia lifa wid ohfrsotCT gave to WASniKGTON'S GRAVE. . • impresses those ideas upon hie age, changing tho order of events and introducing a ue'w epoch. When everything in the education and onvironmeui; of Washington tended to flbape his views as a supporter of the ancient principl» of hereditary monarchy and aristooratioj iristitutious, he throw himself with his , wholo force, and apparently' withonfe personal ambition, into the opalaof. ve- publioan government, so tliatit beoama tho winning side, uot ouly then, but" now. And the truth of his moral disoewj- • mentis seen iu the almost iufftllibla sagacity of his political wisdom.: E. H. Capen, P. P. —Ha who was th& first of eoldiers was likewise the moat exemplary of citizens,' The wisdom; *hiph gave him pre-eminence ia the field was equally useful in guiding tha ebip of stats iu the moat tampestuooa ' waters through which it has ever been oalled to hOld!it» eouree, Jb» (Jap • also he found ample soope lor the Bona he had learned in the when the radiant qualities of bi» eoul' wets called forth by hia the forces of ttature, and when communion in the • deep mountain and foxegtc aud $? t waters of that rive? which upon its boaosa the who ia wwtby to b< bim is Lincoln. Haus T<m Bulow.«-As my piiuoipal creed has been inji?Q worship |iad my fuvtasSs'" **tswiteg < \ Ife^i ,^,/j

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