Denton Journal from Denton, Maryland on October 22, 1938 · Page 4
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Denton Journal from Denton, Maryland · Page 4

Denton, Maryland
Issue Date:
Saturday, October 22, 1938
Page 4
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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY MELVIN JOHNSON INCORPORATED BENJAMIN F. JOHNSON, Pmideat ud Trwtonr MARY MELVIN, Vlc*-PrMideat and Secretary. «t tba Pwtofflc* at Denton. MJ . · dau mall mattBr. Saturday Morning, October 22, 1938 DEMOCRATIC TICKET For Congress T. ALAN GOLDSBOROUGH of Caroline County For United States Senate MILLARD E. TYDINGS of Harford County For Governor HERBERT R. O'CONOR of Baltimore City For Comptroller of the Treasury J. MILLARD TAWES of Somerset County For Attorney-General WILLIAM C. WALSH of Allegany County For Clerk of the Court of Appeals JAMES A. YOUNG of Allegany County For Associate Judge of the Second Judicial Circuit of Maryland THOMAS J. KEATING For State Senate A. FLETCHER SISK For House of Delegates D. W. BANNING W. EDMOND NEAL For State's Attorney LAYMAN J. REDDEN For County Treasurer FRED E. COVEY For Clerk of the Circuit Court WAYNE A. CAWLEY For County Commissioners WILLIAM M. GAREY HARRY L. SULLIVAN H. ROLAND TOWERS For Register of Wills CARLTON V. WEST For Judges of the Orphans' Court JESSE T. DENNIS E. LLOYD FOOKS LUTHER W. HANDY For Sheriff WILLIAM E. ANDREW INTERNATIONAL LAW IS NOT A MYSTER In every group that gathers th "mysteries" of international law tha permits Czechoslovakia to be dismem bered, Germany to "get away wit it", the right of outside nations t d i c t a t e agreements and "sett! things" will long be a matter for ho discussions. An American who speaks with au thority, and knowledge of interna tional law, savs: "There is, indecc no mystery about international law It is no more than the recognition be tween nations of the rules of righ and fair-dealing, such as ordinaril obtain between individuals, and whic are essential for friendly inter course." He added the statement tha the United States Government "con siders that its own practice has ampb demonstrated that it is the consistcn friend of reform, that it has every sympathy with misfortune and neec and that it recognizes fully the nece- sities of the underprivileged. It can not, however, accept the idea tha these high objectives justify, or fo that matter require, infringement on the law of nations or the upsetting of constitutionally recognized guar antees." The above statement by Secretary of State Cordell Hull made it plain that he looks upon international law as just plain honesty and common sense. The Washington Post observed in commenting upon these general prin ciples of diplomacy and internationa law, that the Secretary "patiently in tended his voice to carry beyond Mex ico City," since in the best informct circles it was plain that he was ad dressing the entire southern half o: the Western Hemisphere. The Post concluded: "The whole tenor of the message was that of a Dutch uncle explaining a delicate matter to a family, in this case the 20 other American republics. As public interest inevitably turns to affairs at home it is of importance that the situation in Mexico should be thoroughly understood. Secretary Hull writes more clearly upon that subject than most trained newsmen He asserts that "the applicable precedents and recognized authorities on international law support its declaration that under every rule of law and equity, no government is entitled to expropriate private property for whatever purpose, without provision for prompt, adequate, and effective payment therefor." ECONOMIC HIGHLIGHTS In a little more than two months, Congress will convene again. According to most .forecasters it will be a far more independent body, so far as White House influence is concerned, than its last few predecessors. The failure of the President's party "purge" -- every Senator against whom he campaigned was renominat- ed, and his only victory was the defeat by a very small margin of Congressman O'Connor of New York-has, the reports say, aroused a belligerent spirit in the hearts of a large number of lawmakers who have been spending their time .sitting on the fence, in fear of making commitments that, might cost them votes. In still another particular this next Congress, unless the unlooked-for happens, will be different from those it immediately follows. Legislation dealing with many vexations domes tic problems will be on the calendar But this will be oveishadowed, duiing a large part of the session at an rate, by pioposed legislation aiising from the chaotic European and Asi atic situations, and dealing with wha this countiy will do if and when \vn breaks out. Accoidmg to Business Week, sug gested "vvui pioposols" for Congres full into two broad categories: "I Measuies to support domestic econ omy distuibed by derangement of th normal functioning of trade at horn and nbioad. 2. Measures anticipating the eventual involvement of the Unit ed States--and this is taken fo granted in all quarters of the Admin istintion." To man.v obseivers, both kinds o legislation are ominous--for thuy in evitably mean a tremendous mcreas in the control of government ove business and individuals in the even war comes. It is stronglv advocate for instance, that if our trade abioii were thrown out of balance, the gov ernment must cieate machinery t( buy, hold and sell both agiicultura and industrial products which go in to export. And the government woul become the virtual czai of the sccur nties markets if a real war thiev them into chaos. Going on with the facts, it is san that legislation of the second cate gory has already been picpared fo proposal. Under, its terms, the gov enmcnt would instantly take over op oration of all transport, power am communications industries the da; we declared war. It is probable tha a law stringently limiting war profit will be passed--this has been advo cated by a number of presidents, in eluding Mr. Hoover. The governmen would be given authority to diaf materials and supplies even as it ha the power to diaft men. There ai some who think that something ver; close to a military dictatorship woul be established. It would of course b necessary to invest tremendous powe in the President, and through him, i the Army and Navy staffs. All this may seem far away, bu it cannot be discounted when th chance of a uuropean war occurrmi is as great as it is today. After th 'peace' 'of Munich, practically ever foreign observer and corrcsponden forecast that it would be short last ing, and would result in conflict with in three yeare at the outside. As result, the legislation that will b proposed, and perhaps passed, at th next Congress to deal with war, wi' be of great concern to every citizen One piece of legislation--the Neu trailty Act--may cause something o a storm in House and Senate. Som influential members want to revis the Act to greatly limit the Presi dent's authority in permitting com mercial dealing^ with embattled na tions. The White House wants to re tain that authoiity, and even enlarg it. If matters come to a head, theic' likely to be a knock-down-and-drag out fight over the vital piece of t leg islntion, with no holds barred. Business is showing con-iderabl vitality. Even when the wai scar was at its height, it didn't go bac' a great deal on the whole, though sc curity prices sagged. Today, wit business certain that hostilities hav been postponed for some time, it i moving up steadily. Theie are some dark spots in th picture, of course. One big one is th dilemma of the railroads--the upsho of the wage negotiations will to large extent determine the immedi ate future of this industry. In som areas labor troubles remain an un settling factor, and there are rumo'r of more strikes ahead. If these occu on a large scale, the entire outlool could be quicklj changed for th worse. In the meantime, retail trade is im proving in most parts of the country production is picking up in all line of raw and manufactured goods, am construction is going forward. New life in construction, as a matter o fact, is one of the very best of the business omens. MR. GOLDSBOROUGH AND THE SHORE The completion of the federal pro ject at the mouth of the Pocomoki River, whereby this stream is con nected with a deep water passage 10 the Chesapeake Bay, marks an epocl in the history of navigation in this section. Ever since the "oldest inhabitant' can remember, the "Muds" have been an obstruction to both sail, bteam and motor crafts. When steamboat ing was at its peak and arrivals from Baltimore at the local wharf const! tutcd an important part of the bus! ness procedure in Pocomoke, there came days when the then palatia teameis were hours late in tying up at the wharves to delivei theii laige cargoes; the answer was: "Stuck on the Muds". For hours all crafts, after ploughing their way as for as possible thru a soft ooze, weiecompcllec to "lie to" until a compassionate tide ifted them far enough to proceed al a four knot speed into the deep watei of the Pocomoke. It is true that water transportaiton s not what it once was. The days when old Helen, Maggie, Eastern Shore, the Pocomoke, sounded theii .vhistlcs as they proceeded majest- cally up and down the beautiful bur- r ace of the local stream, are gone brever; the gasoline engine has rev- Iutionizcd freight and passenger service; navigable waterways are de- crtcd; wharves arc falling into de- ay; and the auto horn has supcr- eded the hoarue blasts of the stcam- r whistle and the fish-horn signals f the sailing boats. However, those interested in pre- erving the opportunities offered by local river in the way of unusual cpth--it being considered the deep- st for its width in this countiy-- ere successful in converting the U. . Government into the belief that n outlet into the Chesapeake Bay n most meritorious project and eserving the appropriation of money nough to carry it through. Hence, a anal was dug across the land just outh of Williams Point,_ and now rafts can sail through, unimpeded y the mud deposits and full laden, instead of cauying pait cargoes a*. they have bcc'ii compelled to do in the days gone by. Of couise, thl, consummation could not have beun achieved unless active interest fiom oui representatives in Congiess had been shown. And, f o i - tunnte foi the project, the Eastein Shore has been ic-piescntc'd by 11 man long tc-mnt of oflke in the 1 Lowci House has given him a p i - tige and influence which have buncd his coa tituonts in manv and devious wavs. He is now one of the oldest membeis in point of t e i v i c e ; has achieved foi himself a commanding position in the manngc'mcmt of national affaiis; and is one of the outstanding figures in the assembl.v of the country's law m.ikc-is It was h- who woikcd a.-siduousl foi the accomplished fact of new navigation facilities. He has been until me in his effort to mnteiialize on this mipoi- tnnt project; and, d u i i n g the pio- grcss of confeiences and debates, and final picsentation to Congies.-, he was assuicd bj those high in enginc-d ing judgment and nuthotity, the opening of Pocomokc-'s fine* navigable possibilities would bu the biggest event in his congiessional caieei -- and similaily did he con.sidci it. It was Congiessnmn T. Alan Gold boi- ough's piize pioject and, no doubt, he is wonderfully elated over its , uccess- ful outcome. As stated above, it is possible that few men could have been of such service. It was his undoubted, high position among his confcies that ciir- ried him along in his effoits to ie-- move the liver disability, and give- to this section a rcstoicd impetus to water traffic. He was listened to with marked attention on that matter as he is on all in which he in called upon to oppose or defend. He is a valuable asset to the political life of the Eastern Shore. We do not make this statement ns alone our personal comment. It is backed up by the actual facl of his administration, including many material additions to his Distiict's v.el- faie -- almost too many to mention -and backed up by many commendations by those who recognize his ability, and who have taken unsolicited opportunity to express themselves, as Mr. Goldsborough rounds out anothei term of office and is seeking a icturn to the Halls of Congress. Listen to what C. E. Wise, Jr., Sec- retarj-Treasuier of the Maiyland Farm Bureau, Inc., ha^ to sny: "The Maryland Faim Buicmi, through its Executive Committee, is pleased to cndoise your iceord in Congicss. "We feel you have always been a fuend of agiicultuie and a staunch supporter of all measures beneficial to Maiyland farmers. It in useless to comment on thi The Eastein Shoie is paiticulaily farming section; its people me large ly an agiicultmal people, and need such a man as the "Buic-au" ha denominated Mr. Goldsboiough Th evident pioceduic is to keep hn theie. President Edward A. O'Neal, of th American Farm Buiciiu Fedei allot expresses himself similaily, in th foljowing language: It looks as if the piesent Session of Congiu s would close in a few das, and I want to thank you for the gioat mtuiest ou have taken during the piesent session and all thiough your Congressional career in matters of intctest to agiicultuie. "The Ameucan Farm Cuieau Federation looks upon you as one of the real friend, of the farmer. "The great woik you have done and are doing in monetary legislation in the intmcst of ugiicul- ture, as well as the public interest, is deeply appreciated by ag- ricultuial interests everywhere and bj the general public." And as to his varied expciienc with monetary legislation; Mr. M. Ecclcs, Chairman of the Boaul o Govemois of the Fcdcial Rescrv System, takes occasion to saj to Mi Goldsboiough: "Now that this stienuous session of Congress is ended, I want to take thi, occasion to express to you again my dec'p appieciation of the public service I feel vou have rendered to the countiy in dealing with the extremely important and difficult problems which have been before the House Committee on Banking r.nd Cuncncy and aic of such vital concein to the welfaie of the banking and business community in general and to the Fcdeial Reserve System in particular. "Since coming to Washington and especially since I became Chaii- mun of the Board of Gavernon, of the Federal Reserve System, I have had frequent occasion in connection with the many icspon- sibilitcs of this office to realize the gicat value of the public seivice which you have continued to rendei in dealing with the practical business and banking problems that come continually before your Committee and 10- quire the highest qualities of undei standing statesmanship if they aic to be faced and solved in the public mtcicst. Thioujrh- out these last few exceptionally difficult years, and particularly in the session ju t closed when you have borne the blunt of ic- sponsibility as Acting Chaiimun of the Committee, your own bioad expedience and knowledge, your sympathetic understanding and your aid and counsel have proved invaluable. "From my own observation I feel it is often true that those public servants who are contributing the most admirable kind of public service do so inconspicuously without adequate recognition. While I know you are striving for n common interest nnd not for pcisonnl commendation, I feel that I would be lemiss if I did not at least let you know of my own recognition and appreciation of that public service extending over 1,0 long a period." Mr. Jesse H. Jones, Chan man Rc- onstruction Finance Coipoiation, nl- o appreciates Mr. Goldsborough's bility, and writes as follows: "The 75th Congress, which is about to adjourn, has had many difficult problem, to deal with, and no member has been moie constructive in considering the matters before them than you. "As Acting Chairman of the important Banking and Curiencj Committee a gicnt deal of the time, you have demonstinted your interest in the general welfare and your ability to cope with important problems. "You have worked hard ns every member of Congress must do if he L, lo nic-et his icspnnsibilities. "I have been befoie youi Committee many times in the six and n half y r a i s I have bee-n a diiec- loi of thi' RFC, and huvt- always found that you hud u leady giasp of the 1 legislation pioposed. And, f u i t h e i , in connection wit! monc'tnij ninltcis, Leo T Cm by Chan in,in of the- Federal Deposit In siiianci 1 C o t p o i a t i o n , wiite--, ns t Mi. Goldsboiiiugh's ability and con scquc-iil vvoith: "As Congiess is about to adjoin n, pci nut me 1 to extend lo vou ni\ c'ungi.itulutinns and thanki- foi join ('IFc'cUvc e'lToits and w h o l e l i c a i t e d suppoit of the matte-is affecting the secniity and ;-afcty if UK- funds ot the bank diposilois of the countiy. "As milking membei of the Committee- on Banking and Cunc'iicy and on the mmioioub occasions when jou acted as C h a i r m a n , you have 1 had befoie you many impoitiint mcasuic's lequiiing the c' v c'ici c i' of youi great talent as a legislator The caieful nnd thoughtful .ippionch to these pioblenis which you have dcinon- stiatcd ha be-en appreciated The 1 bank dcpositois of the coun- tiy liave in you a staunch advocate and a t i u e fnund. These aic', indeed, moie tha enough to testify to Congt essma Goldsboiougli's valuable- seivice t Ins di tiict constituents and to th countiy at huge. It i~ safe to say thu no man in the Lower House of Con gress is moio highlj esteemed, an nioic stioni^ly influential And hi service does not partake alone o theono- without piactical application The "Muds" project is only one o the many he has sponsoied in the cf f o i t to improve the many water way of the Shoie He has inteiested him municipal and state impiovemont- in the election of public building stieot and sewer constiuclion; an has concerned himself at all times in attention to peisonal appeals fo aid. He is before us for re-election. H i, standing on his Congressional rec oid and his valuable scivicu to th Shote- By comparison, he should s impiess all classes of citizens wit the absolute neco-sitj of icturnin him foi anothei teim He has change m no whit in his allegiance to his na itvc heath, and we are icady t pledge for him a repetition of tha ready and successful endeavor t biing about the welfare of this goo old Eastein Shoic'.--Worcester Dem ocat. EDITORIAL NOTES The G. O. P. campaign has bccom so cynical th it it, more prommer candidates display no faith in Thiee of their gubernatorial nom ineos--James in Pennsylvania, Dewe in New Yoik nnd Rutner in Kansas-have flatly icfusod to icsign the posts a supeiioi judge, distiict a toinoy and state senator, icspectivc ly, despite pleadings of friends an tesolutions of bai associations con ceining the judu lal ethics involve A dozen 01 moie scnatoiiul nominee likewise have declined to give u elective 01 appointive offices, althoug one of them, Caulficld, in Missour was s u m m a i i l y icmoved as tiustee o an investment concein foi rcceivin excessive leniuneiation. But moie significant is the lack o patience of the big money sponsors adventuicis in icactionaiy politic who put up stupendous sums in and 1U3C One family which was prcv lously unknown in the teeouls of th Senate Committee, lacked but a fe centimes of supplying a cool millio two yeais ago. They are still goin stiong, being in both oil and ship building, and are joined by Mr. Wi! Hum II. Vandeibilt, who has just bee nominated for goveinor of Rhode Is land ns n prelude to later on. Thes upholstered gentrj, known and other wise, as for example Homer Cape halt, the Wuilitzer V. P. who serve 120 acres of clams and chickens, ai never unreasonable. This year they were unpertuibe by the leanings to the left of the! Platform Committee chairman, Doc tor Glenn Flunk, in contradistinc lion to the heavy lightward strain ings of their Chairman Hamilton. Al so the fact that Keynoter Bruce Bar ton at the Indiana State conventio urged seventy-five per cent approva of the New Deal and six yecks late as keynoter at the New York Stat convention pleaded that the New Dea Le sunk without trace was perfectly O. K. by them. They had become sea soned Old Guatdsmcn, equally imper t inhabit- to the ravings of their Cal ifoinia senatorial nominee, Bancroft against union labor in any guise endorsement of Doc Towhsend in Maine and Massachusetts and Wes Viigima and stentorian assurance 1 of then senatorial candidates in 111 nois, Oregon and Idaho that Big Bus iness would commit haii kari if the New Deal is not "stopped in Janu iry." These were merely regarded as misplays in utilizing stale statistics unde'i estimating human intelligence ind the natural inconvenience of hav ng neu'her policies nor principle's-annoyances, nothing that money couldn't mend. But when Nominees Baibour in '·Jew Jersey, Dickinson in Iowa am Javis in Pennsylvania--all of whom lave sat in the senate--and likewise raft in Ohio, simmered down to advocating icstoiation of 1!)32--and fit time when Mr. Hoover himself was ignin on the hustings--these angels evinced deep displeasure. So dis- raught weie thev nnd their front- ank dcfendeis amongst mctiopoli- nn journals that a caiefully nutured jibeity League smear scheme toppled nto a tail spin. Tins was a high-pressured, high- 11 iced, full-page propaganda "cam- nign" to attack nil taxes by which he New Deal feeds the needy, sup- jorts WPA, Social Security, the Na- lonal Administration, the CCC camps nd "everything that costs anything." t was to be a replica of the vicious ttnck miide during the closing days f the 1!)3G campaign on the "indccen- y of the pay toll tuxes." Name chosn: "The Committee of Americans" nd it was to be launched in scores f reactionary newspapers on Wed- ei day, October B. But one by one the uhlishers declined to "paiticipate" uring the week preceding the on- aught. Conliacts were cancelled, ml at lost accounts it was reduced nker Eddy. to "smaller spieads in weekly pa- pcis." All in behalf of the woikeis and then families, augmenting the tiucts the-} a i e already slipping into pay envelopes, which, in 193G, suivcd as le-minde-is to go to the polls and vote as the-y THE SHIP OF STATE GOES TO SEA Senndunuviu sees a largci and laige-i numbci of visitois each yeai. Eac i year the-sc' touiists come back with enthusiastic tepoits: land of the 1 midnight s u n ; land of fiotds and mountains and high valleys, land of Irnppy faces And vvhj tins last 1 ' What have- the-y that we have not? A commission appointed by the Piea- idc-nt to study laboi and living conditions in Sweden bi ought back a iu- poit which has just be-un published The coinmi'sion had pieviously studied labor and l i v i n g conditions it Biilain. This from Sweden is of special inteiest mce it he-lps to tell tho ic'ason of those- "happj fucus". T h e leprnt, given to the pi ess the 1 last week in Scptc'inbci, be-gins with these vvoiils: "Industiial iclntions in Sweden hi'vj icaiiied their piesent state of (love-lopine-nt largely because of the .settlement of diffeicncos by metiodb of persuasion rather than bj foice has become the ordei of the day", but the rupoit instantly adds n s'.iitcmcnt that while moinl force plays a luigu part in the settlement of disputes thcie are ccitain legislative sanctions set up ns framework foi such decisions. In the report there aie about 40 point, of this framevvoik given along w i t h a numbci of footnotes. T h e h i s t o t j of this development is most inteiestmg. In 1888 a small federation of unions was established on a national basis In 181'8 scveial national unions combined to foim a national confederation of Swedish trade unions. In June 1938 the confe-dc-iation included 7,136 local unions having a total membership of about 850,000 workers. In Sweden as in England employers, have fully accepted a program of collective bargaining, all concerned living up to the rules of the game-, pniticipating with "restraint and mutual respect in the processes of collective bargaining". Somu of the most impoitant points of this repoit, in vievv of labor conditions in America where stukes, picketings, quaircls within unions and splits of the organization exist are that in case of tiouble between employer and employee as to woiking hours, wages or ot'ier woiking conditions, theic will be no stoppage of work while the questions at dispute are being woiked out, and if that cannot be done, woiked out in the factory, or union in which the} occur, the help of an impartial agency can be called in. In Sweden this impaitial agency is usually a government conciliator. A second point which has special significance for Americans is that laboi unions have placed no obstacle in way of new machinery. A thiul, anil most impoitant, that employers ait allowed to engage or dismiss em- plojees without icgard to unions. But the most significant of all the sentences of the repoit is the opening one in which it is published: Labor conditions in Sweden have reached their piesent point of development because the settlements of differences by methods of persuasion rather than by force has become the order of the day. Rcnr-Admiial Emoiy S. Land, chuiiiiiun of the United Stales Man- time' Commission, mid 250 shipping e-xecutive's, businesi men and tenlatives of South Amoncan Re-publics; al o lepiescntutives of the Dep a i l m c n l of State, and appointed "good will ambassadois" nunud by Piesident Roosevelt, {he Goveinnienl of BKUI!, and othei Southoin l(e publics, paiticiputcd in the pielinnnai Twenty=Five Years Ago Taken Frum Tin. Journal of 25 Y«ar» AKU This Week. In 1895 she was mariied to II. E. P. Footc, a commission mcichant, of BiiliimoK:. M i t . Foote was for years an active member of the M. E i C I i u i t l i , of H a i m o n j . Her home life w a t one of sweet simplicity, which v.on the admiiEition of all who know hc She was a devoted daughter, wife ( m o t l i e i ; and was beloved bj a host of · filends, foi w h o m she was largely The picsc-rice of bay tiout Jii large'\lead} to do a n j act of kindness with- quantilies in the Choptank Rivc-i ( i n hc'i powei She will, indeed, be about and below Choptank gicsitly in- Bie.illy missed in the community cic-iiscd the nmnbei of fisliei me n wilh whole- she spent the gioalei pait of did not get a bite- Fiamplon and Lestoi Poole, and one cvcnl of the- sailing of the- .tc'.imsliip hook and lint- lately, anil the-ic h a v e hci life-. She- is survived by her moth- Biazil of the Ameiican He-public- I been s ,,| )le KOO ,I tll tches, \\lnlc otheis ei, husband, two sons, Hugh McNash Line f i o m Nc'\v Yoik City lo the- piincipal eastein ]ails of South Ann-lisa It was the launching of the new "Good Noighboi Hc-i'l" w i l l i complete passenger and ftc-iglit seiv- ice. Hie United State's Government is spunsoi. A communication from Haile Selassie has been received by the nineteenth League of Nations Assembly. The Assembly convened on September 12th, the communication was dated September 10th. In it Haile Selassie declared that the Ethiopian Government would not send its representative to this session of the League, since it seemed best to her in the present unsettled state of Europe not to create fresh difficulties but Jo refrain from any act which might appear likely to complicate the inte r - nationnl situation. Nevertheless, he added, should any question of concern to Ethiopia arise he would immediately equip and send a full delegation to present itself before the Assembly and defend the rights and interests of Ethiopia. He called attention of the States Membcis of the League to the tragedy of the Ethiopian people and the "unheard of atrocities, wherever Italian attempts to occupy the country encountered stubborn resistance". He stated that the invading army had been able to establish control only over that part of the country close to the railway line and the main roads built by Ethiopian government before Italian invasion. The woild at large is being more and more urged to realize that it stands at the crossioads, that, vvhil Woodrow Wilson in the Covenant o 1919 envisaged n future in which sal vation could be achieved thtough re nunciation of power, politics and in :ernationn] anaichy, and the co-opei ative organization of order and peace So goes one highway, that of pro ;ress, of longed for peace and pros penty. The other road, that of Fas cism, that of Mussolini, Hitler ant iirohito, toward a recaptured past in which "the disintegration of a great iocicty is threatened by an accelerated descent of an archaic world toward ever lower levels of impover- shment, biutality and tribal fanat cism." (Schuman in "America Looks Abroad".) Schumnn ends this warning dcclnr- ng one solution or the other must rcvail. Gc-oiKe S Mc-ssci smith, Assistant U S. Sccrc'tiiiy ot S'alc 1 , spoil! of America's "Good Neigh boi Flc-ct" as the beginning of tiansiioi tation I!L'- vclopmcnt by son "vvpich all ndvri- cates of close intui-Ameiican f i i e m l - shi]i have mgcd thr lavs of lle'V. and Mr . II. A. G. We toifield daughtci, Maiy I-'oote. Intcimcnt and Mi. Stephen Shipman a t t e n d e d ' t o o k plaee at Giove cemetery Tues- tlie E p v v o i t h League convention in daj nunning, where her remains were Dovci this week. Ml. Shipinan lead a p.ipei before the convention, as did also Miss M d t y Nuttle, of Andei son- town. Mr. H a i r y Nuttle, of Andci- sontovvn, tcsponded to the addicts of welcome Mr J. Tilghinan Wiight, for t onie placed by the side of her fust husband, who died twenty-one years ago. Mi. John T. Temple died at hi home in Ilidgoly on MomJa), October 13th, aged scventj-nine yc'ars. The funeral \\as held on Wednesday afternoon, Kev. W. E. Habbnit officiating. Inter- independence." He ailde'd: "When thib pioud ve'ssel sails iiom this port it will not be incicK anothei ship heading south. It will be an eloquent cxpiuasum ot tlie goodwill and friendship of UO.000,000 people in this countiy for our fi lends in South Amand of our jnteiest in knowing them better and in then knowing us beUe-i. ' Thus the pio\eibial "Ship of State-" rctually went to .sea to guai.intit the objectives icpreseiitcd bj the sailing of the steamship Brazil on October 8. At intervals of cvc-ry two weeks one of the .ships, the Biazil, Uiuguay, and Aigontma formeily of the Panama and Pacific lines, but now thoioughly model nizcd to fuinish a new luxury seivice to the countucs below the equator, will l u n to and fiom New Yoik to the east coast of South Ameiica Societal y Messorsmith added the' belief that "this seivice is an evidence of the spiut of continental solidarity which is deeply looted in oui national life and must be viewed as a conciete effort on our pait to realize that closer and wider relalionshm among the American states which is the basis of our good neighbor poli- icy -- a policj to which, I behove, the pc'oplc thioughout the Wcstein Hem- isphcie are deeply attached and of the vital impoitance of which thcie can no longer be any doubt." -- J. E. J. "JUST A SPL1NTEU" A lively small boj down on the Eastern Shore ran a splmtci in his time piopneloi of the Buck Hotel of|mc'iit took place in Denton cemetery. this place- has lemovcd with his fain-1 Mi. Temple 1 was bom in the First district, the son of Mr. James Temple, once a member of the General Assembly. The son was for years a magistral^ in the Fust district. Mrs. Temple died about thirtj years ago. The surviving childien are Charles W. Temple, of North Carolina; Mrs. Annie E. Swing, wife of Mr. John M. Swing, of Ridgcly; Mr. James Temple, of Denton; Mr. William T. Temple, a Ridgely merchant; Mr. Alfred Temple, a farmer near Rldgelv; Mr. ily to Baltimore', and Ml. John Baggs icsunied the management of the Buck Hotel. Mi. Baggs took chaige on Sunday m o i n i n g He- is ve-ij successful a , a hotel man and has a wide acquaintance with the tiave-lmg public. The wedding of Miss Frances Shoemaker Dixon, -daughtci of the late Isaac H. Dixon and Mrs. Dixon, to Childs Frick, son of Mi. and Mr^ H e m j Cla\ Flick, of New Yoik and Pittsbuigli, took place at noon on Tues- Davis Temple, a Philadelphia machin- day, Octobei 14, at Old St Paul', Church, Baltimore. The bndc wa, given in miiri iage by he-r brother, William T. Dixon, with whom .she c-n- teicd the chuich. At the sanctuarj she was met by the brulegioom, attended by his best man, Howard Phipps, of New Yoik. Miss Helen C Fuck, the sister of the bridegroom- elect, wa,, maid of honoi, and the bridesmaids were Miss Elizabeth White Dixon, Miss Mai Allen Dixon, Miss Anne Winslovv Williams, Mia- Maigaietta Pleasants Bonsai, Miss I abel Rieman Thorn, of Baltimore, and Miss Anne Rea, of Pittsburgh. The biide's two young sisteis, little Misses Dcboiah and Gertrude Dixon, were flower girl-. The ushers wer" William Fell Johnson, Jr., Alexander H. Rutherford, Ji., of Baltimore; A-- thur Scully, Howaid Armstiong, and James Reed of Pittsburgh; Mcllick Tweedy, of Plamficld, N. J.; Alfred Ely, Jr., of New Yoik, and Thomas Caiton, of Chicago. A bieakfast followed at Mis. Dixon's town residence, 823 Paik avenue, Baltimore. Mi. and Mis. Jo. iah White, gtandpaicnts of the biidc, journeyed in an auto f i o m ist, and Mr. John T. Temple, of Indiana. Mr. Temple was in early life a teacher in this countv. He was a member of the M. E. Church from bojhood, and was a citizen held in v o i y high esteem. SLATS' DIARY BY OLIVER N. WARREN guests were a number of the wealthiest people of the country. A number of people- heieabout feel an especial inteiest in the cvenl because of the too; the toe became infected, but it Atlantic Citv to Baltimoie to attend was not supposed to be anything ser- tllu wedding. Among the wedding ious-. Some days later, alarming symptoms developed; he was lushed to a hospital, wheie, in ^pite of all that medical skill could do, he died of lockjaw. Going back to the iccoids of the State- Depaitment of Health, Dr. It. H. Riley, Director of the Department, pointed to othei expoiienccs which ended the same way. Theie was the stoiy of the riverman who ian a nail fact lhat the bride's mother, Mis. Dixon, was foi yoai,, in hoi childhood days, a resident of oui count), near Denton. Mis. Helen Blight, of Hillsboro, formcily of Kent Island, has issued catds announcing the murnage of her into his foot in getting out of his daughter, Mi s Helen Marguerite, In 411 B. C. Aiistotlc in his play, Aristophanes, pointed to the" possibil- ty of all women banding together gainst war and thus securing peace, ilany hove bi ought forward the same uggcstion in the long centuries 11 etween. Mary Pickford is one of the atest of these. Mary Pickford is urg- ng an international strike of women. They should walk out of theii of- ccs, factories, stores and homes, and lould refuse to take part in any ac- vities until their men themselves reuse to fight". Aristotle 411 B. C.-- rtary Pickford 1938. Good Food Far Sound Thinkers Our thoughts beget our actions, icy make us what we are.--Maiy boat He applied home icniodios but did not go to a doctoi, or to a hospital for caie or preventive tieatment. He died within a week of acute lockjaw. TTieic was also the stoiy of the little girl who jabbed a pencil into hei foot. By the time preventive treatment was started, it was too late in her case also. "All of these deaths might have been prevented," Dr. Riley said, "if tetanus anti-toxin had been administered promptly." Tetanus he explained is the medical name for lockjaw and tetanus anti-toxin counteracts the action of the germs that cause lockjaw, in the same wa that diphtheria anti-toxin overcomes the action of the germs that cause diphtheria. "Lockjaw (tetanus) is caused," Dr. Riley continued, "by a germ that is found in dirt from the street and roads and particularly in diit and manure around stables. The tetanus germs are inactive while they are ; n the air. They begin to develop when they arc crushed into a closed wound. As they increase in numbers they throw off a veiy active poison which causes the agonizing contraction of the muscles chaiacteiistic of the disease. The muscles of the jaw are among the first to be affected, hence the name lockjaw. "The disease can be prevented by injecting tetanus anti-toxin into the muscles. But it must be done at the time of the injury, and of couise, must be done by a doctor. Any 'ciush- cd-in' wounds, or injuries in vuhich the skin is broken, or punctured, 01 torn, should be opened thoioughly, and Mi. John Lundy, of Queen Anne The ceiemonj was peifoimed at tho M. E. paisonagc in Ridgely, on October 4th, by the pastor, Rev. W. E. Habbai t. The young couple reside at Hillsboro.-Mr. Lundy is with Mr* C. H. Dean in the automobile business. Mrs. Harriet Elizabeth Anderson hot, sent out invitations to the mar- n'age of her daughter, Hcnttctta Clough, to Mr. William Hammond Liles, of Wilmington, Noith Carolina. The ceremony will take place on the morning of Tuesday, October 28th, at 7:30 o'clock, in the Methodist Protestant Church, Denton. Mr. C. William Hignutt and Miss Lillic Breeding, near Hickman, Do! were married Tuesday evening, Octi her 14th, at Hobbs, Md., by Rev. ( M. Cullum. On inquiry mode yesterday of h physician, Dr. Gold-borough, it wa learned that the condition of Mr. . B. Raughlcy was much improved. Mrs. Annie Wright, of Contievill and Mrs. Maggie Kcene Wiight, o Doi Chester, were Mis. Russum guests thi, week. Mrs. J. Allen Reynolds and son, . Allen Jr., are guests of Mrs. Reynold patents, Mr. and Mrs. Noble J. Walk or. Mr. EmmoiM Reed, of Wilmington has been visiting his parents, Mr. an Mrs. John Reed. Mr. Henry D. Hinman, of nen Denton, died suddenly on Tucsda moining at an early hour. He wa taken ill the morning before afte eating mushrooms, among which it i said there were toadstools. The lat tcr plant is veiy poisonous, and is s suigically cleaned, and kept open, in much like mushiooms that few en ordei that any tetanus geinis that have lodged in the wound, may be exposed to the air, which will be fa- ta] to them. The tetanus anti-toxin should be given without delay. "The size of the wound has nothing to do with the possible serious outcome. The injury may be caused by 'just a splinter', or a nail, as in tho while became ill, and later lapsed in cases of which I have spoken. The to unconsciousness, with symptoms o tell one fiom the other. Mr. Hinmai had been given some of the mush rooms on Sunday by a little boy ii the noighboihood who had g.Uhe-ie- them. Thej vvcie cooked the nex morning, Mr. Hinman and his grand daughter, Hazel Hinmnn, paitakinc, of them. The old gentlcm.-in in a little disease may develop from any injury in which the skin is broken and diit is forced into the fle h--as frequently happens in automobile accidents. Theie is always danger of it developing, also, fiom gunshot wounds, or from injuries fiom blank caitridges, } pistols and fireworks. "When anything of this sort occurs, the best thing to do is to get the injured poison to a doctor, ns icon as possible. "The State Department of Health supplies the tetanus anti-toxin for preventive tieatments free of charge '01 pci sons who live in the counties." RIDGELY Mi. and Mrs. Fiank Stevenson nadu a business trip to Wilmington n Wednesday. The Community Library has just 'idercd, on nppioval, sixteen now ooks. Mr. David Mitchell ,ufforod tho ivreck of his car on Sunday moining. Mrs. Clinton Stoops has been on he sick list, but is now better. Mrs B. F. Ricknrds has retuined rom a visit in Wilmington. tho poison. A phvsicinn was sum moned, but only temporary relie; could be found for the sufferer. The granddaughter was not affected, but an emetic was given her as a precaution. Mr. Hinman lived about twenty houis after swallowing the poisonou food. Mr. Hinman was a native ol Oswego county, N. Y., and a veteran of the Civil War. He had lived many years in Talbot nnd Caroline counties. Mis. Hinman, who is an invalid, in veiy feeble health, and one son, Mr. Willaid H. Hinmnn, and one daughter, Mrs. Charles P. Grimm, of Philadelphia, suivivc. The funeral was held at the home Thursday morning, Rev. A. P. Prcttyman, of Greensboro, officiating. The remains were conveyed to Philadelphia wheie interment was made. Mis. Nettie McNash Footc died at her home in Haimony, Sunday, October 12, at 4 n. m , at the age of 41 3 cars. Mrs. Foote was the daughter of tho late J. R. McNash, who was one of the best known citizens of Caroline county. She was twice married, her first husband having been R. Snow Frampton, who died of typhoid I fever one year after their marriage. Sunday: Unkel Hen scd to Pa he are losing his memorie and it is worrying him offle bad. Pa scd to Unkel Hen to never mind and just forget about his poor memorie. So Unk- cl Hen seemed re- liofed and scd okcj. He never thot of that he i ed. So I supose his trubblcs is over. Monday: Pa got s u m thing t h e matter of him and come home from the offis sick. The Dr. sed for him to quit smoking and leave off evry- Ihing but water to drink and not to stay up lato of evnmgs. And was a going to pcrscnbe come more Donts. But he diddont tho bccos Pa arose up out of the bed and scd Whats the use of living then. And got well and got up and went back to wk. Tuesday: The teecher ast are class what would we do and take along if we was sentenced to .-pond are lifts on a desert Hand. Blisters held up his hand and scd he wasscnt sure what he would do but he knovved he would take along sevral dames encludeing Jane and ELy and some few others he could think of. Idc never of. thot of that. Blisters noes all the ansers. Wednesday: Ant Emmy went and bot her self some yelloe and green hoshcry this a. m. and this p. m. she ast Unkel Hen what did he think she otto ware with same. He replidc and scd he thot hip boots would be just tho thing. I dont know why but now they are enemys. It looks like. Thursday: The class was a studdy- mg figerio this p. m. and all of them which can think lernt what a gross arc. So then the tccchcr scd to Jake Now what are gross nonscnts. I guess she thot she would trap him but she failed. He replide and eed 100 and 44 times crazyer than leeching school. That will do Jacob she sed. And I coulddcnt hardly keep fiom laffing out loud. 1 kid coulddent got slapt. Friday: Jane has been trceting me offle nice of lately by smileing at me and etc. and this p. m. I walked home with her from school. She sed to me a nice boy otto do a lot of book work and studdying on Saturday and get nhed of the other kide in the class. They was no argyment vs. that so I agreed with her and give her my promis true as Napoleum scd I mont it. With out mentle reservashen. Saturduj: They are 1000 tem- tnshcns that come between a kid good rct-olushens. Jake Blisters is 2 of same. The rest dont matter. I haddcnt hardly got started to make good on my promis when hear they came with a lotta skcams for having some fun. So I dissided to pertake of the fun and get ahed in the class at ^ome futcher time. Why cant Jake nnd Blisters leaf me alone I wander. RIDGELY Mr. John Swing has returned from i visit with his daughter at Merchantville, N. J. Mrs. Swing is stay- ng longer. Dr. and Mrs. Jesse Fifer went on- fishing trip to Shaip's Island oa Tuesday, celebiating his birthday a lay early. The scries of bingo parties which vcre given at the Reformed Church ast season will be resumed on Oc- ober 2G. Mrs. Walter Mitchell and Miss largaret Saulsbury attended a card iaity in Centrcville on Friday of last vcek. Mr. and Mrs. A. S. Thoi ipson enter- ainod Mr. Jcvse Zeigler, of College- 'ark, on Wednesday of last week. Mr. Edgar Grccnlce haa stored his urnilure and will spend the winter rith his mother in Phladelphia. Mrs. C. H. Ravvlings, of Annapolis, isited her mother, Mrs. Robert E. mith, Saturday and Sunday. Mrs. Florence Thompson is spend- ng the week nt the home of her aughter in Harrington. Mrs. Mary Wharton has roturned rom n visit in New Jersey, New ork nnd Pennsylvania. Mrs. Carlton Marvel last week en- ertained her mother, Mrs. Graham ortcr, of Centreville. SPAPFRf SPAPFRf

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