Decatur Evening Herald from Decatur, Illinois on October 8, 1930 · Page 7
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Decatur Evening Herald from Decatur, Illinois · Page 7

Decatur, Illinois
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 8, 1930
Page 7
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ucuATUR HERALD WEDNESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 8, 1930. OECATUR HERALD HERALD'S P A G E O F I N T E R P R E T A T I O N A N D O P I N I O N E d i t o r i a l s It's tunny how wpentltlon lives on, In thin modern world, and we art told that to Uil* day Ihoro or* thousand* of women In the south sea Uland* who believe that totoolng their face* makes them look prettier, And then then are thousands ot American women who believe, If we may trust tho advertisements,, that taking eon* pllla will aako them look thinner. WHY DOES THE STATE TOLERATE THEM? with letter* telling of certificate holder' » unfortunate experiencei with mutual benefit associations hive CMM other chiding The Herald for printing iluff detri- nenlal lo legitimate enterpr Ml carried on by slat* sanction. Well, The Herald know* enough 01 think) it knows OMUgh about (he mutual* to know where the trouble it. It has never Mid that there were no food ones, or that at) officer* were tmtcnipuloui. It challenge* any honeit president or secretary of a mtttl to say that the busineti'is not plagued by a. warm *f tmiponiiblet and worfj, office** of wcietiei that u« «vtry fecourt* la dodge the payment of cliimi, and have H compuiKtioni about cheating beneficiariei out of (lie AMeumenU, Of COUTH none will be found to deny that peiMM are battening off the unwary, It w« the officer* of honest mutual* that framed (he law lo bring these association* tinder the control of the tie- partmett of trades and commerce three years ago. When that department declare! that probably half the association) operating in Illinois are insolvent the department makea n minilialiui coafesikw. Either the law for thn regulation i* inadequate, or the department is not enforcing it. The Herald repeat* what it taid a few days since that it k shameful that under itate regulation "wildcatters" can eoatinue to operate, The officer* of mutual* that have mpooiibility, that have paid their «Wnn promptly, that have repotted their auets and liabilities regularly, should fa the first to welcome an «xpowr* of tfiytter concerns. They should be demanding of the Mate the reasons that the. muluali are not cloied out, Ou of our eJert progressive department More* advMtlsM lingerie In "all flesh colors" we notie*, whlflh occasions a little speculation a* to now nany shade* of brown, The** little trap tfoot* on the out*lde ot th* bank* have been In use for months now. but we haven't *e*n anybody i*t any money out of on? of th* thing* yet, notwithstanding frequent and hopeful watching. SOONER OR LATER, IT MUST COME Central Illinois farmer* who ate opposing before the HHftOM Commerce) Commission the conduction of t natural CM pipe line through thii territory probably perform * public *eiwe. It it clearly desirable that a company prepar- inf *· put m an improvement of this tort should be compelled to prove that it has a supply of gat large enough to manatee steady Mrviee; that it u amply financed to perform H* obligation*, and that its operation* are going to work to the advantage of chie* along it* route. When, and !f these fact* are established in hearing, ·ad when fanner* are assured of fair compensation for the tjw ·* their land, further resilience to the proposal will be VttleM. The opposition of coal miners for example, bated tapoa t natural dislike for a new competitor, i* futile, U Mtural gn can be brought in at a rate competing IUCCCM- htlfy with other fuels, economic pressure will bring it, und Miner* may a* well reconcile themselves to the fact. No artificial barricri can long prevent a people from using the «h*afMit and best fuel thry can get, Opposition in Central Illinois, continued too long, Might indeed inflict a serious blow against tins prosperity of itii* section. If the pipe line company tihoutct find it necessary at jatt to abandon it* present route, crossing perhnpt die northern end of the state instead, Dccalur am) other central cities might find thenuelve* for years a hop«Ie» hifjdicap in competition with Joliet, Rockford, and Peotia, dm to like enjoyment of cheip gas in those cities, Th* Mvoroe peril oan't be M terrible MI it IK pAlnted when fait* matrimonial agenelee etllt find ntmdrei* of customers eag*r to get In. Prosperity will not really have returned until It prove* impossible to deliver a copy of She Sunday edition In an Austin. WHY NOT A CHANCE TO BE HONEST 7 Mr, Williams m a contribution to this page lay* hold of ·· illuitrfttion brought by Governor Emmerion In his tax addreM. It was somewhat irrelevant and confining and ttnded to weaken the g*»«rnor'» case. If the anesion m Wtnnebago county were able to dis- com billiard tablet to the value of $13.000 while those in Cook county could find tn Chicago nnd its environ* billiard table* to the value of only J6.000, the Cook couniv atae**or» were either blind or crooked. Htrr WAS i fault «( idraWslntion which no change in the constitution ii needed lo correct. All that i* needed is tome honest and efficient attestor*. But more to the point wai the governor statement, MOted bv Mr, Williams that the aMtased vnlue of Moclt and bond* in Kane countr wa* $] .262,000, while Coolt «ovfjlr showed $1.130,000, It u this thockSng disparity which the governor hopes to see corrected by a clinnge in tin coeslitww" permitting the classification of property for B*jrpo*es of tasation, Mr. William* sayi thai Cook county WM not pioperly u****edi which probably si the case. We ate not certain far that' matter that K«n« wai, or for Maeon or McLenn M a*y other county. It » notonou* that intangible*, like Mtl7and boiKls, «re eoneealed. locked in depoiit vault or ygUen in «fw- . What will bring them to light? ^^Cwtamry WA * *« *·' **'" ·· heavily on a fivf per eat* bond or » six P« «·"· mo""'** ·» on «J ^o" building i7» tVrtater in proportion to its value, The only sure i. ,hat owners will not declare properly, the income wouW b« virtually eonfiwated if a t*n were l« **re graded » that a mortgage, or other e i n g » l» w "*· ot m«««t, should pay a tax to its yield, would not t«« k paid upon mil- worth of such mtangible* that are not «- j ·· Tfceri i* » «""·«« f " "I"?"? Ker *' admittedly. But iT « are inclined to think that most people prefer ' . ssrt be signed for a d»y when most property wa* in lands, houses and live stock. It is the power to change the law which Governor Emmerson seeks through a change in the constitution, which in its present foim compels the general lax. Why not try a method which othei*)states have found to their advantage and one which encourages honesty It may be an experiment, but all government i* experimental. It could not wor.k worse than the present tax law, that much is certain. Maybe It'a only our perverse way of looking at things, or do you too, gentle reader, find some thing peculiarly appropriate In the circumstance that Jouott Shouse is chairman of the Democratic national committee? The most cotusrvutlve man In our block observed yesterday that the drouth la over. DAUGHERTY SHOULD KNOW Harry L. Daugherty proposes that the dedication of the imposing memorial to President and Mrs, Harding should be "indefinitely suspended," Mr, Daugherty deserves to be heard in this mailer. First of all the adventuring politicians to see in Warren C, Harding the makings of a compliant President, leader of the "gang" that held high carnival in Washington while the administration lasted, and last survivor of the group, Mr. Daugherty has a right, if anybody has, to dictate plans touching the Harding memorial. Mr. Daughterly admits, in his statement, that he it influenced somewhat by the necessities of the situation. The magnificent Harding monument, austere and lofty in pure white marble, has been ready for dedication this long while, For four years, Calvin Oxilidge was importuned, but never was able to find time to make this particular speech. For two year*, Herbert Hoover has been importuned to make ihe dedicatory address, but Mr. Hoover also has shunned Marion, Ohio. Apparently, it is going to be necessary to wait for yet another President, in order to dedicate this memorial in fitting stale. And this, after all, seems a pity. There never will be another President at much in debt lo Warren G, Harding for political favors as are Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover. ure the days when we begin to feel that If we can live through the next three weeks of Hallowe'en, wo ptolmbly will be able to see another *prfflg. T h i s a n d T h a t NEWS OF 25 YEARS AGO TODAY f- FROM THE HERALD OF 1905 Two thousand put-sons are expected In Deatiir to attend the utato convention of the Knights of Pythias which will be held hero Oct. IT, 18 and 19, and It Is estimated that f2S,000 wilt be spenf In the city by the vfsltora. The most beautiful hard maple trees In the city are those on the Allen land In East William stieet. Just east of the home of Supenrlaor M G Allen IB a grove of the trees, nearly 70 years old, thnt were set out by Samuel Allen, Mr Allen's father, who came Into possession of this land In 1837. Charleston Eastern Illinois Normal school football men, who won both games they played with Mllllkln last year,, came to town yesterday full of confidence, and retired ' full of disappointment Aehmore'e Mllllkln men took their revenge by drubbing the visitors S3 to 0. The star piny of the same was Capt. Sam Power's drop kick from the 2-yard ilrte. Rtwoo Hcdmon, center inih for Mllllkln, Horace McDavid and Hoy Cope, ends, alao made notable Bains. W, H, Wllklng, the contractor, Is preparing to build two now houses fit once In the 1200 block West Wood street Ono will be an eight-loom, niodorn house for J. O. Reed, to be put up at n cost of *2.«JOO, and the other, of eight rooms, for Hairy Plsk will cost $2,800, , One of the moist handaoma country homes In Central Illinois Is now bolng built tor Vlot-Pres. C. W, Fairbanks, on his farm near Mansfield, In Platt county. RUSSIA CHANGES FARMS JOTX) "GRAIN FACTORIES" , --Louis Fischer, In The Nation, Rolling prairie as for us the eye can sec, Miles and miles ot steppe with the nlr above It made visible by the ·white heat. Not a fence; for Russia, especially "alter the collectivization, la a fenceless country, Here and there a Cossack village, with Its onc-atory hut* and tall, dome- crowned churches, surmounted by a gilded Oreek cross Wheat and sunflowers stand high In the field, for It is harvest time in Northern Caucasus and In many other vast stretches of Soviet tenltoiy. We leave Rostov, tho capital of the North Caucasus, and proceed southeast by auto Into the wheat belt "What will happen," asks one of our"-party philosophically, "when tho Russian churches begin to crumble and disappear? What will take their place as the monotony-breakers of the dull Russian horizon?" We had the answer soon enough. Qiacotul, steel-gray grain elevators are the new landmarks of a rejuvenated and industrial lied country. They have teen spiinglng up everywheie since the agrarian .revolution started In earnest a year ago. But the Russian rural scone has acquired an even more ttlilting feature, Indeed, It was the most remarkable of the many startling things we met with on OUL' trip. One might have thought at first that It was mirage (We saw water mirages). No, It Is real, A town. Out in an endless plain where even the natural roll of the earth seems to disappear,^ town rises with three-story concrete buildings, with a single central-heating station for the entire settlement, with poatofflce, telegraph offices, flower beds, machine and tool plants, two-atory theater and club^ house, and with a perfect road on which we later drove at 100 kilometers an hour. Yet this is not a town. It 1* a single state farm, one of the new government "grain, factories" established to solve ths Soviet bread problem. "THE RIVER" I came from the sunny valleys And sought for the'open sea, For I thought In Its gray expanses My peace would come to me. I came at last to the ocean And found it wild and black. And I cried to the windless valleys "Be kind and take me back." But the thirsty tide ran inland, And the salt waves drank of me, And I who was fresh as the rainfall Am bitter as the sea --BARA TEASDALE, As 1 View the Thing ·BY W. F. HARDY- WHERE WE COULD FIND ABOUT 500 MIL LION OP IT A YEAR FBOM THE FRONT O N with the war! The bloodier the bettor! That the antagonism' between the sexe*, referred to In this column last week, Is Increasing and may lead to profound social changes li the theory of * contributor, whose delicate Irony does not conceal her terrlbl* earnestness. "When the men cam* tick from France," site uk«, "why weren't women dtocharged Arid returned to the home where they belonged? Why were More and more married women employed? The employer* were practically all men; they had It alt in their own hands, Wonten were, and are Inferior In every way to men; why then, was she hired to do work formerly done by men? "And why, now, do the men employers not combine and refuse to hire women? Do they not see the trend of the times? The Iowa gentleman who left money Mr i wo man 1*98 library saw It clearly, butlhere was one flaw In tlta reasoning. "Down through the ages, until recent years, woman wan subservient to man. There were no schools for her, no colleges, no chances to congregate for discussion of world problems. Her brain was not allowed to develop. She did not know her own resources, her powers of development She WAS In cold storage, ae It were, Unless some man hat boen credited with her genius, no woman genius lived In the post, no great music composer, no really great painter, no really great poet or writer, "In 1630, a* the Iowa genleman knew, we have near- great women po*ts, musicians', writer*, lawyers, congressman, doctors, merchant*. Hair* we near-great engineers, explorer*, scientist*; Perhaps not--but given a few more years, , ,. "Now all this development cause* woman to antagonize man. In the home she has become dissatisfied. She an- tagonlse* her mate, Rw fight* Mm; soefnttaie* tb» murders him. (There are comparatively few case* where woman has murdered man when she* held a good job, for which die received emolument, and in which ahe wa* Interested). "She IB spreading, growing; man-made limitation* Irk her. Something within her forces her to advance, to question these limitations, to fight them, to Ignore them when possible, Man, of course, resents her, She has always been hi* Inferior and he will not grant her equality. She, In turn, resents hi* attitude. She could no more go back to her old days of accepted Inferiority than a plant can eom- press Itself into the seed from which It iprang, "Grant, for the lake of this treatise, that all the above Is true; why then did man give woman tht* freedom? It Irks him, disgusts him, he is unhappy on account of It, be Is constantly bickering with woman over It "Here Is the question; Did he voluntarily, nttl* by lit- tie, give to woman this chance for development and equal. ity; or did she, ly fair mean*, by reasoning with him, by unfair means, by wiles, by using her *ex lure, or by any manner whatsoever, cause htm to give It to her against hie better JudgmentT In other words, wa* her power stronger than hist "The tows, gentleman, perhap*, sensed that the latter deduction was the true one. No doubt he became fright- oned for the posterity of man. Perhaps he read the live* of insects . Spiders, he may have thought were closest to woman In their nature, Evidently he thought woman ruthless, she was becoming more and more dissatisfied with domesticity ad more and more conscious of her power. She was constantly developing. What was to prevent her from eventually gaining the controlling power. "In many caws, she did not Mem to want offspring, but he may have reasoned that thl* perhaps was because conditions under man-rule are not pleasant for women with children. If there were no men above the age of 3 and If all men below that age were kept In subjection, she, would be able to raise her children as she pleated; provide for them, teach her girls according to her own views, and' run the world "All but a limited number of male children could be destroyed nt birth, and those saved could be guarded and kept under control When woman wanted a child, she could select its father, go to him, then return into the world, which would be run according to her dealio* and rear the child to milt herself. ' "The deceased lowan may have read of, or known of the tnderwndenco of the colored woman of the South before the Civil war. Her food and clothes were provided by her master, her ohllilren were supported by her master. If she happened to have a good master, her life vat not bad, She could, and did have children, because she wanted them, because her master encouraged the added slaves, and beta-use they were no financial care to her after they were bom There vrna no disgrace. 5ti* Could select the father of one child here, another child there, according to h« pleasure and aha waa beholden to that father In no way afterward cither (or hor own or the child's *upport, ·Of course, she was ignorant, she loved her baby boy* as well aa her baby girls, but she teamed to get along without them when they were separated from her at ma- turtty women of IMO aro not ignorant; had they the moans for supporting themselves and their children final* dally without the help of man. their condition would be TM P J? t,^° ' f t v * f natUt * *" thttt Wm « '" "«»«d '« rearing children, but man Is not. What more normal then, than that Nature should protect and favor woman, use man for begetting children, then eliminate him, "The Iowa gentleman perhaps reasoned that the world under the Jurisdiction of woman, though abhorrent to man, to woman might be Ideal. He evidently did not go to far as to reason that In time man might be happier under tuch jurisdiction than he Is now.) Therefore, hs became frightened and made the will; hoping that tht men of today would be awakened to the Impending danger and would make a concerted effort to withhold knowledge from woman, but his ratal mistake was to *et time ahead 78 years. If woman advances In the next TO years In proportion to her advance In the last 30, It will be too tate "Man never win* In a contest with Nature," Our sola comment: Doesn't he, though? ANOTHER NEWSPAPER IS SO TODAY ~ --N*w York World Th* World congratulates its contemporary the New Yorker Herald--the German Herold--upon the eompletlon of It* BO years of successful and useful publication. A* th* only German-language evening newspaper In th* metropolis the Herold fill* ably an Important role In Journalism. The congratulatory messages It ha* received from President Hoover, Governor Roosevelt, Mayor Walker and other notab)** must hav* been multiplied many time* by those of It* reader*. It would not be easy to overstate the usefulness In American llf* of th* foreign-language pr**s. Thl* I* by no means limited to the instruction 6f recent Immigrant* who- know little English or none, Readers much longer la th* country and those of the second generation naturally took to It for news of the old country which may not alway* be found In the vernacular pree*. Ever *)ne* th* IMS die- turbance* In Europe the German element In thl* country tau furnished an educated public for an ably conducted German press which ha* be*n of Incalculable value to American development In that field th* New Yorker Herotd has proved itself '·vm. :~^~JL i'*-4i*li' f'L v^d HERALD MAIL BAG Should Legislature Receive Unlimited Power to Pay Taxes? To th* Editor of The Herald, tllr; Governor Eminerson In his Decatur address Monday, stated that tho asoessed value of billiard tables In Wlnnebago county wa* J13.WO and in Cook county with all Its beer flat*, It was only 11,000, k H* further elated that the a**«a*«a valu* of stock* and bond* In Kan* county wo* f 1,262,000, whll* Cook county only showed $1,130,000; thai tolephon* and telegraph property In Wlnnebago county wa* assessed $996,000 and In Cook county 108,000, and that the total assessment ol bank* and brokers in Vermilion county was |1,1«,00000, and In Cook county It was fli6l,000; and In (took county $631,000. Chattel* Not Seeroted Th* govtrnor further stated thai th* .resident* ot Cook county had taken out more than 700,000 atat* license* for autos and that only 10,960 auto* were )l*ted Chicago for taxation. tost year la It la obvious to any thinking p*r- son that billiard tables, automobiles, telephone and ttlegraph property cannot be secreted from the a*sss- sor, They are visible and tangible property that could not be made any more conspicuous than they ar* now by on amendment of th* oonatltu tlon.. Then why should tho constitution be amended to tax all this untaxed property. Is the Law in BloaieT A comparison of the figures above set forth of intangible property, uuch as stocks, bonds and credit* show that Cook county, which everybody muat concede has many times the intangible wealth ot th* other counties named, was not properly assessed. A comparison of the figures set forth at Intangible property, eueh as stocks, bonds and creatts, show that Cook county did not pay ten per cent of Its texes on In tan glbi* property. Why then were the asaewor* able in the counties outside of Cook county to assess more than ten times as much Intangible property In their counties than ths amesslng board a**es**d la Cook county? Can it be reasonably said that the flagrant disparity of taxation I* caused by the constitution? Why I* th* assessment on intangible property more than ten times higher In th* counties outside of Cook county than It U In Cook county? Is It on account of the present law or on account ot th* mlsfeuanee of asseMort in Cook county in the performance of their ·worn duty. Preoenl Statute Th* governor said that It the eon* atltution is amended, th* peopt* own* Ing intangible property will be required to put their narriu down on a dotted line, and If they do not list everything they will be ddLlt with according to law. Section?!* ot the present revenue act provjfees: "That every person *hall list al^ \la prop- *rty including notes, accounts, bond* and money, and If such perton aha) ·wear falsely, h« shall b* guilty of perjury,'* Section «T3 provides: 'That a per- ron tound guilty of perjury *hall be Imprisoned In th* penitentiary not IMS than one year, nor more than U years,* 1 We hav* all of th* legal r*qulre m*nt* now that are necessary for tho a*s*tsment of properly and th* collection of taxes, and th* whole mischief I* that th* law Is not enforced. Unlimited power to Legislature* Governor Emmwton stated that he had never known a l*gi*latur* to go wrong on th* matter of taxation and that he wanted th* ptoph to truit their representative* In th* legislature to amend th* constltu tlon, and to allow them by law to enact proper tax law*. And that an amendment ot tb* law would b* mad* In th* coming g*n*ral a***m bry that would ohang* tho method of taxation, whether th* constitution was amended or not. Th* vital question for th* poopl* to consider Is, shall th* legislature of Illinois havo unlimited power to tax the people or fthould th* ]*gts lature be limited by th* organic law, th* constitution. On* of the most distinguished Judge* of the suprem* court of th* U. S. In speaking of th* «on*titu tlon, said; 'The main object* of tho con*tt tutlonal law Are: 1) To guarantee the right* and liberty of th* people. (!) To maintain an orderly and staple system of government, (3) To organise th* legislative, (txeeutlve, judicial, and administrative departments of government and supervise their action. To subordinate all these de partments to the law of th* land and legally expressed wilt of the nation." Constitution K**4» Restraint Shall w* ignore the** s»n«, safe and time-tried principles by n peal- Ing section 11 of th* constitution of the «tat* of Itllnol*. and allowing th* legislature to substitute It* will In th* plac* of th* article which has for It* object to restrain and subordinate th* legislature to th* law of the land, and th* legally ·xpreat- ed will «f the peopl* In their constitution. The** are th* r*a*on* why th* peapl* have always healtated to turn over alt power to th* Iglslatur* to b* taxed without limit or restraint The governor'also stated that th* present law wa* un*nfore*abl*, H* dM not mplaln why tt wa* at leait n part enforceable In torn* eoun- ;!*· and unenforceable In other* Wa* it th* constitution or th* wilful dereliction of duty of th* ana*. ·or*. Shall officialdom hav* a fro*, hand to tax tb* p*opto In wbatovor amount they **e proper ~ to tax thernT GEORGE A. WfLUAMB. Decatur, Dot, T. ^ "Loose Staff" Oo Bwefit To Editor ot Th* H«ratd,: Sir; i have Just read your auaok or Mutual Benefit associations ot Centra) Illinois, In Sunday's Iwu*. On* would suspect the writer to be an agent of som* oM line Inturane* company, whom business It I* to knork mullual* for th* benefit ot old line stock companl**. It I* very evident 10 any one who I* familiar with th* law governing mutual* la Illinois, thul the writer bas a very crude and Inadequate knowUdge ot his subject, and that his object It to knock mutual* rathsr than to give your readers th* facl*. I am Mir- prised that Th* Herald would print so much loos* stuff without making a careful Investigation of th* fact*, Should Revoke Charter *f Lai t think that most ot th* awoeta- tton* named in your list ar* paying th*lr lews* In full, and withm tb* ·» day llmlttlmdbylaw.butundoubttd- ly, torn* ot them ar* not paying tb*lr lo**** In full, and ar* not gtv Ing good Mrvleo to then? member*, Th*** associations *houtd b* barred from doing business, Th* depart- m*nl at Springfield should revolts their charter*. Our assoelatlon wa* tint organ- Ifod In IHO and sine* It* organlta- tlon, ha* paid every lo** In full and well within ih* limit fixed by law, and no benetolary of a dec*a**i| member ha* ev*r had to Mr* a lawyer to colltet his claim, A Mutual Intturane* company Is Just Ilk* any other corporation, It will bo Just aa good a* the buneh of officer* thai manag* It* affair*. It it* officer* are upright, honorabt* men with good business ability, the membership will get good service at a reasonable cosU Otherwise* not. Undoubtedly, a lot .of the ICutual Beatflt association* will b* weodal out, and ought to be, for th* wiekM will b* out off. H, B. MINER, PrasUent Christian County Mama) Btlti-f Association, Pan*, Oct. a. ^ MortJwUForOti* Tb* cstabllsbnwnt ot two aew wtal* penal and ootreetlonal Initttu- tlon* within th* a*xt two yean was reeommonded by tb* Wotfara Advt*- ory Commission In It* praUmlnary report to Governor If yon T. Gatper, Rapt, it, Th* Conmlmtom eetlnatai that th* mat* prtaon population of Ohio, at th* praatftl rat* of laaran*. *W b* 1MTJ by 1NO. It wa* Utt la IMtas oompara*! wttt Ml* l» 1** THKB8V A MAMK --A full-perfon radio in compact *are*n grid, speaker, Se« It then you'll buy 1B1W8E8--PLAlfi U! Fresw ALWAYS I BLACK WIS- Big BoMlvr, H nan «M Ift» dla* whose f*opl* here etepeetd ·rgely ok tho blueberry erop t* bring then * living, m*y bo tM* to hotter than jrour tVrattt* reetaunnt proprietor why th* tetter la not eervmg M mtay Muobetry pie*. "Hen* dam Mf Unit,"

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