The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 2, 1945 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 2, 1945
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THE lOLA VOLUME XLVm m. 57 The Weeklr Hegister, E»tabli«hed 1867: The loU DaUy Register, E»»»bli»hed 1897. lOLA, KAS., TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 2, 1945. Bnccenor to The lola Diilr BegUi«r, The lola DaUy Seeord. uid loU Diffl}- Index. SIX PAGES Toll of Allen County . 24 Men ^ Killed In Action More Than 2,000 of Its Citizens in Service By End of 1944; Civilians Do Their Part A review of the local news highlights of 1944 discloses ••that the heavy hand of war, eVen though half a world away,' shaped almost every life and every important event in Allen county last year. •Twenty-four young men who formerly lived In the county or just across its borders lost their lives on the neid of battle. By the end of the year, move than 2,000 local men and women were Inthe armed sevv- lQe$. Unofficial records kept by The Begister show that 57 men were wounded in action during the year, ip 3vere reported missing In action, six are.listed as prisoners of war and Si? werie decorated m addition to those who received the Purple Heart which is given only to men wounded In action. Of the ten reported missing in.action, three Alien county nseh are now known to have returned to American held territory and af least two arc prisoners of w.ar. At Jeast one man from the county'is held in a neutral country. Some of Wounded Home A number of those wounded have roturncd to their families in Allen covlnty or are now In hospitals In the United States. Several are kftbwn.to have recovered completely ah<i to have returned to their units .jat;the fighting front. / iThe-heaviest single blow come to Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Tefft. Carlyle, w^o lost two sons, one In Italy and th»; otiicr in the Southwest Pacific. •But thr ycnr 1944 BITO saw rigorous fighting on the Allen county hoine; front, a .sturdy and faithful backing up of the soldiers who have given .so much. The county record In, three war bond drives and In support of the Red Cross and the United War P\ind was one of meet- InB every demand with ample margins. ; Over-Subscribe Bond Quotas Eac.h of the three war bond quotas was over-subscribed and the sixth war loan closed -with sales soaring to 148% of the goal. The quotas for both the Red Cross and the United War Fund .were-exceeded; 'rwitc during the year the Red Cr6.ss mobile blood plasma unit came to lola and men and women from all the surrounding farms and cities flocked here to give their blood to be shipped to the fighting front In the form of plasma. Others from this vicinity gave their blood by. going to the Red Cross center in Kansas City or meeting the mobile unit at other towns. Less spectacular but no less helpful was the work of scores of women^ who devoted hours of their time in making surgical dressings, hos- plfel garments and other articles for distribution to the armed services through the Red Cross. No Physical Suffering , So 'far as physical hardships were concerned the war has left the cotinty unscathed. Following the jbod-old American custom we have Jftine: a little griping about short- tiges of labor, tires, cigarettes and the red tape Imposed by th# OPA, ODT and similar bodies but most citizens will admit that they have been merely irritated and not in- iared. Tlic only critical shortage liaS Been that of truck and automo- oile tires. Floods did much more damage. The 'Neosho river went out of its banks four times. The first of these was an overflow on March 18 which lasted but a few hours and was just a friendly warning of the floods which were to follow. One .-Of Wettest Years iOGly four of the past 40 years were wetter than 1944 with its total precipitation of 48.98 inches. In spite'of the four floods produced no single month set a new record with the exception of September which was the driest September so far in the 1900's. The wettest month was AprU with 7.88 inches. The driest wai? ^January with .72 inch. TTie only years with more moisture were 1915 with 57J1 inches: 1927 with 53.29 inches; 1935 with 49J51, inches and 1941 with 51.86 Inchiis. On April 10 the year's second od sent the Neosho to about 195 't with the water rematalng out pcn Itis banks three or four days. But 15 days later the Neosho struck with^ all its fury setting a new record depth at lola of 21.65 feet and flooding thousands of acres of farm lands upon which crops were Just well istarted or which had just been prepared for seeding. The river re- niained out of its banks for a total of Idj days. Bett^ Winiinp System This catastrophe resulted in the ^Mlstunent of btlAet eooi iaiat' ! matlon and warnings from the U. S. Weather Bureau and the calling of three flood control conferences In Tola. The Neosho staged its fourth flood of the year in December cresting at I 21.1 feet on December 9. It is estimated that the total damage to property in the county by high water during the year was more than $750,000. On January 31 the county was shocked by the death of Joseph Ray Butcher and Richard Boots, both about six years old, who were trapped in the loft of the barn owned by Joe Butcher when it was destroyed by fire. Many Unexpected Deaths Death claimed 171 of lola's citizens during the first 11 months of the year, several of them being business and professional leaders in the community. There was an unusually; large number of tmexpected deaths. The number of those who died in 1943 was 179. During the first 11 months 237 babies were bom, compared with 276 during the year 1943. Marriage licenses Issued totalled 212. The year brought lower county and state taxes and the rate in lola dropped to the lowest in history. Make Nation's Headlines The county was given nation wide publicity early in the spring following the arrest of Mrs. Louise Flack in lola who was charged with abandoning her sub-normal child in a San Francisco apartment where't died of starvation. She was taken to San Francisco and sentenced to a year in jail plus a four year probationary period. Law enforcement ofQcers. perhaps benefiting from the good work done in the past, had few crimes to solve during the year. I In spite of the floods Allen coun- ' ty's crops were bountiful, prices were high and the farmers prospered. Banks and loan agencies report that many old mortgages have been paid off. Business and professional men also found 1941 a good year. All classes, the farmer ,the bani- er, the retailers, and the proprietors of shops, were plagued with a shortage of labor and materials Taken by and large they did an excellent job of solving these problems, A day by day chronicle of events in Allen county during 1944 follows: JANUARY 1. 1944 off to a cold start. Temperature 6. 2. lola chamber .of commerce makes plans for 1944. 3. The Rev. Richard Hanson, interned by Japanese, reaches New York on the exchange liner, Grips- holm. 8. Cold wave. Temperature 5. 10. Allen county chapter of Red Cross elects new officers. Mrs. J. M. Powell is president. 18. Fourth War Loan opens. Judge Wallace H. Anderson is county campaign chairman with quota of $514,600. The Rev J. Lee Releford is lola city chairman. 20. First 1944 call for prr-induc- tioii examinations by Local Board> • of Selective Service. [ 22. County-wide paper salvage program opens with Mrs. Esther McKenna as chairman. 29. St. Sgt. Paul Wells reported killed in action over Europe. Parents are Mr. and Mrs. Charles Wells, Colony. 30. Half of Fiiurth War Loan raised. 31. Joseph Ray Butcher, son of Mr. and Mrs. Huston Butcher, and Richard Boots, son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Boots, die In the fire which destroys the bam owned by Joe Butcher. Both boys are about 6 years old. FEBRUARY l.-Humboldt, under the leadership of J. B. McAfee, reports that 8 tons of paper were shipped in January. Best record in county. 2. Pvt."Warren Shockey reported killed in action in the Pacific. 10. lola school board offer.s the old Washington and Garfield school buildings for sale. Capt. Dale Yokiun, son of Mr. and Mrs. Emst Yokum. dies in India while on military duty. 14. Five-county post war planning conference held in lola. sponsored by chamber of commerce, addressed by Harry W. Bouck, representative of Kansas Industrial Development commission. 15. Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Tefft, Carlyle, are notified that their son. Pvt. M. E. Tefft, Is killed in action in the Southwest Pacific. 16. Judge Anderson announces that the Fourth War Loan quota has becq oversold ^y $21,660. 25. Tola orders a new pumper for the fire. department to replace, the old White which broke down during the Joe Butcher fire. 29. Sisters of St. Joseph announce that the; organization will give $50,000 towards the construction of the I new hospital proposed in 1943 by ;T. H. Bowlus and matching his gift of $50,000 plus a site for the building. MARCH 1. Marion Dryden Is notified that his brother, Cpl. Argyle L. Drj'den, was killed In action In Italy. Dryden fomierly lived In Colony. The Red Cross War Fund drive opens. C3oal:—$11,300. County chairmati, U. D. Nevltt. City chairman, the Rev. C. E. Slsney. 10. The Local Board calls 63 men for pre-lnduction examinations. 15. V. H. Adams, county commissioner, asks sheriff to keep order (Cratiawd 08 Pace-«, CoL 1) The Weather KANSAS—CIoBdy west, light loow east and central this afternoon and tonight, ehaneinff to freezing rain fai southeast tonight; freezing rain in southeast and snow or freezing rain northeast Wednesday; wanner central and east tonight and efui and north central Wednesday: lowest tonight 22-25 west and north. 25-28 southeast. Temperature—Highest for the 24 hours ending 5 p. m. yesterday, 28; lowest last night 15; normal for today 32; deficiency yesterday 13; deficiency since January 1, 13 degrees; this dates last year—highest 38; lowest 16. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, trace; total for this year to date, trace; excess since January 1, .04 inch. Sunrise 8:39 a. m.; set 6:13 p. m. Thermograph readings ending 8 a. m. today: 9 a. m 12 9 p. m 16 10 a. m 10 10 p. m 16 11 a. m 11 11 p. m 15 12 noon 12 12 m 15 1 p. m 13 1 a. m _.16 2 p. m 14 2 a. m 16 3 p. m 16 3 a. m 17 4 p. m 17 4 a. m 17 5 p. m 17 5 a. m 18 6 p. m 17 6 a. m 18 7 p. m 17 7 a. m 19 8 p. m 16 8 a. m. 19 Bombens i Catch lola Druggist Dies Sunday Unexpected Death of Howard Scarborough Shocks Community Howard C. Scarborough, lola druggist and brother of Bryan F. Scarborough, postmaster, died unexpectedly last Simday evening at' his home, 709 East Madison. He was 52 years old. Mr. Scarborough had not been 111 and worked as usual that day. Near evening he complained of feeling sick and decided to go home. He lived only about thirty minutes after reacliing his home and died before the arrival of a physician who had been summoned. It Is presumed that death was caused by heart disease. Bora at Monroe, Iowa. Mr. Scarborough served in the navy during STORES TO CLOSE lola retail stores are being requested by the merchants' committee of the chamber of commerce to close between 2:30 nnd 3:30 p. m. tomorrow during thf time of the Howard Scarborough funeral. the first world war. Tlie graduate of a pharmaceutical school In Kearney. Nebr., he and his brother, B. F. Scarborough, opened a drug store in Limon, Colo. To Tola in 1927. In 1927 they purchased the Fry Brothers drug store in lola and since then have operated it as Scarborough Brothers drug store. Howard Scarborough has been the active manager of the partnership since his brother was appointed lola postmaster a number of years ago. He was a member of the American Legion, the Elks club, the Masonic lodge and Episcopalian church. He leaves his wife at the home and a second brother, Ernest Scarborough, Denver, Colo. Funeral services will be held at 2:30 p. m. tomorrow at the Methodist church. The Rev. Arthur. H. Benzinger will be in charge. The members of the Elks club will conduct the services at the grave and will attend the funeral in a bo<^, gathering in the club rooms at 3 p. m. Burial will be in Highland cemetery. Jones Asks $750 To Cancel Contract Howard A. Jones, who on December 6 resigned as lola's superintendent of public utilities, this morning offered to cancel his contract with the city which does not expire until May, 1946, upon the payment of $750. Mr. Jones told the commissioners that he did not resign of his own free will and accord but because undue pressure was brought upon him. At the time he did not give the city a written resignation because he questioned whether his contract with the city permitted him to resign. At the time It was the understanding of Bert Fryer, utilities commissioner, that Jones and the city commission would both tear up their copies of the contract and both parties would no longer be bound by its provisions. However, this was never done. Mr. Jones continued to work for the city untUJ-he close of the week of December 9 but has not been so employed since then. He esti-. mates that at least three months will be required for securing and getting established in a new job and that the city should recompense him for the time lost. His contract vith the city calls for a monthly salary of $250. The commission took no action upon the proposal this morning. Comb Luzon Mlndoro-Based Planes Attack Chief FhiUp- < pine Island from lin- gayen Gulf to Batangas Gen. MacArthur's Head-' quarters, Philippines, ;Jan. 2. (AP)—Land-based American bombers on Mdndoro have opened attacks in foi-c^ to the far reach^ of invasion-menaced Luzon Island, bagging three enemy warships and five carg6_ vessels in one such strike 150 miles above Manila, but 'signs also iire accumulating of attemt>ted enemy counteraction against Mindoro. i Today's commimlque, which listed the sinking or probable sinking of three destroyers, three; 8,000-ton freighter-transports and two smaller cargo vessel? at Lingayen Oulf, also disclosed intense activity by Japanese ammunition trains on southwest Luzon just north of Mindoro. Attack Trains Saturday, the same day that medium bombers, attack planee apd fighter-bomisers flew 150 miles northwest of Manila to Lingayen, more than ^ marine Corsairs blew up an entire ammunition train, strafed three others and attacked 20 locomotives in the Batangas area. The enemjr is contlnmng to raid MacArthur's-Mindoro position, established by'^an invasion December 15 which cut west across the central Philippines from conquered I^eyte. Today's communique said 15 Nipponese aircraft'attacked the San Jose sector Sattirday. with three downed by anti-alnTaft guns and night interceptors.' Today's cifmmunique depicted an aerial scourfe of Luzon's west side from Lingayen to Batangas. Libera- (Conttain «d on Page 6. No. 4) To Explain World War 1 Widows ^nd Orphans Bill The recently enacted World War 1 Widows' 'and Orphans' blU will be explained at 8 p. m. Wednesday night in the; American Legion rooms in the lola' Memorial Hall by Iver Fowler. Al} widows of veterans of the first Wiorld War or those who have icustody of orphans of veterans are invited to the meeting. The bill provides for monthly assistance up to $74 per month pud Mr. Fowler, estimates that there are about 6d persons in Allen county entitled to these benefits. Application blanks and all necessary infom^tion will be available at the Wednesday night meeting. All those who have reason to believe they are entitled to the benefits nrovided by the legislation are tirged to be present. The American Legion room Is reached via the north door qf Memorial Hall. John W. Baker Rites Held This Afternoon Funeral services were held at 2 p. m. today for John W. Baker who died last Friday night at his home. 215 So. Walnut street. He was 90 years old. Mr. Bak^ was bom in Coles county, Illli»)is. The family moved to Jewell county, Kansas, in 1879 and Mr. Baker lived there until coming to LaHarpe in 1012. He made bis home in LaHarpe until moving to lola. about thfee years ago. ^ He leaves^a daughter, Mrs. Delia Cress, Humboldt, and two sons, Arthur W. Baker. East St. Louis, 111., and Whiter J. Baker, LaHarpe, nine grandchlldrefn and twelve great grandchlldrep. Nazi Spies FBI Arrests Two Men Who Landed from Sub Off East Coast Nov. 29; One An American New York, Jan. 2. (AP) — A desperate third Nazi attempt to" send saboteurs ashore on the ^*st coast had been thwarted today, the FBI said, with the ,arrest of two men, one an American, who landed by U-boat Nov. 29 near a lonely Maine fishing village. FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover said the men, arrested several days ago in the New York area, came ashore in a rubber boat at night after the German submarine had lain off the Maine coast for a week. The men, Hoover said, carried $60,000 In American money, automatic pistol?, comprass, camera, secret inks and a variety of draft papers and discharges from the navy. One An American j • Hoover identified the alleged espionage agents as William Curtis Coplepaugh. 26, a United States cit- ] izen of Nlantlc, Conn., and Erich Olmpel, 35, a German who was a radio engineer in $outh America. The landing was made at Han-, cock Point in FVencliman's Bay, Maine, Hoover said, adding that the men had supplied a full story of their activities since coming a.shore. Commenting on the arrests and the recent discoveries of two Japanese balloons in Oreifon and Montana, which he said might have carried spies instead of explosives, Hoover declared these were evidence of an; espionage and sabotage offensive against the lentire Amerl(Continued on Pace 6 No. 3) Main Highlights Of Byrnes Talk '<By the AMociated Press) Hefe, In brief, are War Mobi- lizer,Byrnes' new ideas for the home front: That 4-Fs should be drafted for limited military service or warijobs if present manpower conttols fail to do the needed Job.; That congress should pass legislation backing up War- Labor board orders. That larger draft calls will hav^ to come in the next few months; reconsideration of farm deferments may be required. That work of reconverting to civilian production must be shelved "until our military men tell iis! they have enough." Tiiati any general relief from wartime tax burdens Is impossible until both Japan and Germany are defeated; but suggested three revisions to encourage new enterprises and the expansion of present firms. Proposed government finan­ cial''help for the starting or reopening of small businesses, as well as further help. for home builders in flnanclng residential construction. TMrd Army Punches Out Two-Mile Gain For Drastic Manpower Clamp Wreck Toll Reaches 48 By^rhes Program Would Force 4-Fs Into War Roles and Put Teeth Into WLB Directives : 'San PraniClsco, Jan. 2. (AP)—The list of dead In Sunday's train wreck hear Ogden stood jat 48 today, the Southern Pacific said. Of these, 19 were civillahs, including nine railroad employes. The other 29 were military personnel. Of the 83~ injured, 39 were civilians, including 16 railroad men, and 44 were in the armed services. Among the dead 'were six civilians not fully identified—a woman about 35 years old, one about 22, another about 20, a Negro boy, and two dining car waiters. Eleven of the 83 injured have I been released from hospitals. Slowly the task of identifying the dead from 1944"s viorst railroad accident dragged into the new year with bodies of six unknown civilians! —four men and two women—lying in mortuaries here. Names of 11 military personnel'— mostly navy men—have riot been announced. They were part of those killed when the wiestbound Southern Pacific Limited mall and express train drilled at high speed early Sunday morning Into the rear of its first ! section, a passenger unit, on the rock causeway crossing a shallow arm of Great Salt Lake. Eighty- one were injured. ' Pfc. Johh A, Collins Wounded in Action Humboldt.: Jan. 2.—Mrs.. Mary Lou Golllns. 915 Leavenworth street, Humboldt, HAS been notified that her husband. Pfc John A. Collins was woimded In action recenUy In the European area of the war. Annual Red Cross Meeting January 12 The annual nieetlng of the Allen county chapter of the Red Cross will be held at 8 p. m., January 12 at the junior high school building, Mrs. Ina Powell, ' county chairman, "announced today. At this meetlrigi annual reports from all the committees will be pres«ited.and new officers for the coming year will be elected. Every person who contributed to the Red Cross during 1944 Is a member and Is entitled to attend the armual meeting and vote. Mrs. Powell said today that she hopes there will- be many in attendance from- the general pubUc as well as those who have been concerned with active work within the organisation. Washington, Jan. 2. (AP) Drai^ic manpower proposals, edging closer to the "work or fight" act which lawmakers bave long avoided, were thrown today into the battle on the home front. Advanced by James F. Bj-mes. the progrim would force 4-F men into war rtles and put statutory teeth Into manpower rules if present labor controls fail to spur the nation's armament output to needed levels. The suggestions, made by Bynies last night if his first report as director of the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, are still merely threats. They are, moreover, at the mercy of a congress which has shown reluctance to interfere with ^ man's freedom to choose his job. : Spnr;to Effort Buff war agency officials prophesied that the whip-cracking document; would add momenttmi to the home"; front effort merely by dis- closiiig the sternness of enforcement measures which the administration is willing to support. Flatly predicting that larger draft calls In the next few months would aggrt^vate the manpower shortage, Bymte proposed stem measures for 4-Fs :not doing essential work. He; proposed that congress make it po^ible to induct them all, then asslgh them "to things they can do" despfte their physical Impairment. "Work or Fight" This might mean limited service in thie army, Byrnes said, or steering the inductees into jobs in critical war plants—by which means the government could see that they stayed in war ^ork. Congress could decide, he said, whether, the latter would stay in unifdrm and whether they would be working for the government or for the War contractor. Striking at agricultural deferments—which he said cover "the largest remaining source of young men -for military service"-Byrnes said It was necessary to reconsider the standards by which youthful farmers are deferred fixim military duty." Teeth to W. L. B. He advocated that congress at oncegive the War Labor Board power to make its decisions "mandatory and legally enforceable in the courts," as a means of checking work Stoppages. Seizure of finns for non-qompUance frequently is an inadequate remedy, he said, and im­ poses'on government "onerous responsibilities of nmning private businfess.f Bymej. put reconversion firmly on the shelf; "until victory is within our grasp; until our military men tell us they havie enough supplies and tliat we can aitford to reduce production." Biggest Battleship Launched in Britain Mrs. Fannie Weekly To Be Buried Here Mrs. Fannie Weekly, mother of G. E. Weekly. lola, died last night at Sand Springs, Okla. The body will be brought here for burial and funeral arrangements will be an- nranced later. U, S. Pilots Rake Nazi Atlnor CoI$iSBins Caught Moving ,^stward; Geiinans Having Out Anew, Are Held^to Minor Gains By tyiLLIAM L. RYAN (ABao<»ted PreM War Editflr) Lt. George S. Patton's drive punched two more miles lio^h of Bastogne into the southern side of the Germans' ^Belgian bulge, where the artiijery and bomb raked Nazi yoj-ridor last wa.s reported;!^ miles wide. U. S .'.Nvith army pilots; bombed two Germiln columns of annor, one in the St .Wlth area and moving eastward, Another five miles to the northea^^t.: This report suggested that Piijld Marshal Karl Von Runstedt attempting to pull out what atfnfcr he could from this Belgian sa^e^. A thousSnd U. S. heavy bombers pounde« tVerman troop and tank concenti-afSons and supply targets east of Patton's front today, dropping mjrc- than 3,000 tons of explosive, v "the British-based, heavies were esco^fed by 650 lighters. Third A .npV Drives Deeper , As tt^ "Jiiird army drove further Into the; furrow waist of .the Ar­ dennes'bu'ge, at least nine towns were captjired, headquarters said. Echtenftk*. In Luxembourg at the German- frontier among thfem. The Oeirinans were striking out in another arJnor and Infantry attack. It was fltetlosed. This was near Volklngjn,' Saarland steel town, against ^U.' S. positions on the west bank of- tfle Saar river, between Saarbru^l ^A and Sarreguemines. Some "Ttiifd army outposts were pushed 3jS ,':k. With ^il ^galns In Belgium now en- dangerejl, J^eld Marshal 'Von Runstedt h^ Struck against the north- em flai^-of the American Seventh army froiji the old Maglfiot line iCoiii^ued on Pace 6. No. 2) i Hitler's Message Shows Nazis Will Resist to End BY DEWITT MACKENZIE We shouldn't lightly shrug aside Hitler's (?);'New Year's eve defiance that "the prid of the war will not come before 1946 unless by a German victory, l>ec^use Germany will never capitulate."; True, we jieedn't concern ourselves overmuch vi ^th the time element injected into t'Uls defy by the fuehrer (If it was il -jdeed the Nazi dictator who spoke),'because neither he nor any other ^n knows yhen this war will en^;. We can see^ too, that his statemebt is oft the- beam in two other respects, because we know that the Germans cannot win the war, and it* certain that in due course they-will capitulate. •What we ilo have to worry about is the spirit of that message. It's the spirit which we've seen exemplified in the |Iitlerian counter-offensive out of jthe Rhineland, and in the desperafe (and not unsuccessful efforts of ;,:German scientists to create new weaponJs like the V bombs. It 's" meaning ts clear—that the Germaris do intend to resist to the last dit^h. That's thf) lesson which- we should get from Hitler's speech, and we shall indeed be foolish if wo don't take it to heart. Guessed to he about 45.000 t(»k diq>Iacement, the biggest battleship built In Britain was recently launched, as shown in lecture above. Secrscgr is kept aboiit her naine and specllicatlons as^ese details might reveal to the Japs u»ful Information about ttie powerful new Britidi fleet in the Padfia This fleet, under the command of Ajimlral Fraaer of "Sohamiiorst" sinking fame, wiU operate under the orders of America's Admiral iOaUm ud Ocoanl MaoArtbur. AoatnlU id providing $80,000/100 bues lor tbs grM« Sett. Start Afternoon Classes In Farm Machine Repair • The fann, machinery repair classes that me^t in the vocational agriculture department ' shop will be conducted Qn Wednesday, Thursday and Friday afternoons from 12:30 until 5 p. in., beginning thLs week. These meetings are in addition to the night ij'jeetings which are held the first five nights of %ach w .:ek from 7:30 t») 11:30 p. m. Lewis A. ^lowland Is in cha'-gy of the course 'which Is Fppnsored by the lola high school and by the state board; of vocational agriculture. The classes provide the farmr ers with an'excellent opportunity to make labor* saving equipment and to get their machinery in first class repair. Hears Son, Reported Missing, Is Safe Pvt. Joseph R. Brown; who was reported missing in act^n on December 2, is safe and lias rejoined his unit in cfr near Germany. His moth^, Mrs. Ionia Brown, 210 Soutti ^uckeye, was informed yesterday oj her son's safety. The message was the finest New Year's gift she has ever received. Mrs. Brown said.) Pvt. Broom's wife and children an Uviag tt^KiOMlit. Other Fronts London, Jan. 2. (AP)—Fall of Buda, western section of Danube-straddling Budapest, appeared to be only a matter of hoars today as the doomed Nazi Srarrison crumbled before attack- in? Russian forces ntilizing virtually every weapon known In modem warfare. A communique broadcast early today from Moscow said the greatly outnumbered German and Hungarian defenders had lost more tiian 1,000 men killed j-esterday in s.iva^e street fighting and had been compressed into an area less than four miles wide and a mile deep. Rome. Jan. 2. (AP)—A Fifth army patrol probed pnemy positions today in the Serchlo valley sector of the Italian front, where the short-lived Nazi thrust of laM . ck appears definitely ended. Headquart <Ts of Allied Land Forces in Southeast Asia, Jan. 2. (AP)—Advancing British troops were within 86 miles of Mandalay today and there were indications the Japanese may have decided to pull out of Burma entirely. Slaughter Belgian Civilians At Least 100 Sh;.l, Clubbed, Or Burned To Death By Nazis In Recent Offensive By HAL BOYLE Stavelot, Belgium, Jan. 1, (delayed) (AP)—Army olfi- cers estimate that fanutiual Nazis S. S. (Elite Guard) troops slaughtered without provocation at least 100 r .el- gian civilians during the fir.st few days of the recent German breakthrough. Acting mostly under direct oicinr .-i from German officers to kill all civilians encountered, Hitler's pum- pered troops clubbed, .short and burned to death men, women and children without cause. "We know positively of 6^! Belgian civilians they killed Ui the Stavelot area," said Capt. Melvin H. Handvllle, former state trooper from Syracuse, N. Y., who Inveslisuled German atrocities in this area. "We have confirmed reports of similar killings In other .sectois," he added. Worst |u This Area "Their SS troops have t>een more cruel here than anywhere else. We heard of many Instances in i.thcr places where they shot down Belgian unarmed men for no rea .son. but this is the first place I have known them to kill women and children." The Germans practiced .similar excesses in thi.'; area in Au^ist, 1014, when they marched across Belgium. In addition to atrocities agairust civilians in the Stavelot area, German troops probably massacred more than 150 American troops. This is a very conservative figuri;. Actions Documented Atrocities against civilians aroimd Stavelot have been thoroughly doc umcnted by army officers through iCoutlnaed on Page ti. No. 1) Extreme Cold Skips Kansas Topeka, Jan. 2. (AP)—Snow moved into Ea.stern Kaasas today as expected zero weather failed to materialize. It was showing hard'this morning at Coffeyville where atwut one and a half inches covered the ground. Parsons reported ap inch with snow still falling and Pittsburg a half Inch with snow flurries. Light snow also was reported in the extreme northeastern corner of the state. Weatherman S. D. Flora said there was no indication the snowfall would be heavy. Temperature stayed well above zero. Flora explained that the expected New Year's day cold moved east faster than anticipated, sending the mercury down to 1'^ *- 20 below in states north and CLL. : •-1 Kansas. Lowest reported In Kansas wa_ 12 at Phlllipsburg. Topeia had 13, Hays 15, Pittsburg and Wichita 16, Ck)ffeyville and Parsons 17. Yesterday's high was 27 at Goodland. Skies were cloudy over the entire state this morning and temperatures were expected to range between 24 and 32 In the east and 3235 In the west, dropping tonight to 10-15 In northern Kansas and 15-20 In the south. Colder weather was forecast for the western part of the state tomorrow, spreading eastward by tomorrow night. Daytime readings of 20-30 were forecast.

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