Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on February 25, 1897 · Page 4
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 4

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Thursday, February 25, 1897
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«i*fc«*!ifi*«is? f' 1 ! .ui K,'Si, A RiUN';, 11,1,., FEB. 2o, MMKf f ftOVIAS WU.6ft, , E, B. FtETCMEft, f, .. . STAATMRJD fa<*»w«j «r«rw T.vrr*. "w. Xntettdat the pwtoffijcs at Sterrtrtfl,Hi.,(»»>»<•<••<«(* ff*»» ttatttr. Term* fl.so «s year in adtefl i«c AMrett, THE ns SAYS OOOD BYE TO THE BEAUTIFUL CITY. —" j f«-H» fif a pieplant Excnnloii on tho Orfnn—Sottthern I.ftwnn At* All KfanU- fiiHy f!r»!i>n—Bior» About th« Schools— U»tr«<to)i a JJsllgthtfal Place. 1 »l Convention. The BepuWicaii Connty Central Committee of thrs Counties oS Carroll, .Fo Davlpss, Lee, Ople, Steplienson, Whtteslde and 'Wlnnebftgo, are to send delegates to the Judicial Convention for ti- e istff Jortt«lfil (Circuit of Illinois, to fee held nt Roektofd on .Tluirsdar. April 29, isw, at, lOo'cUx* p. m., to plane In nomination three cAndmates for tbetomeent.Imlgp*of the CttcnU Court for the I3th Judicial Clrcutr, ot the suite of Illinois. Hip bast* ot representation wilt be one delegate for every aoo Republican votes cast at tlio la-it Providential election mid rme forerery fraction over ino, on which basis thu several counties will be entitled to tho following number ot delegates: Carroll 3,314 JoDavles 3,SM tee., 4,797 Oslo, ...I..... 5,210 Rfenhenson 4.728 Whltcslde.. ;.. ;... G.R77 Winnebago... 8,242 • J. If. STEAHNS. Chairman. , • . K. J. SENSOK, Secretary.' 11 12 10 17 18 19 27 Oflicial Vote Of the Stale. The STANDAUD is indebted to Elmer Hill, of the Secretary of State's ofllce for a pamphlet containing the official vote of the State, cast at the last gen- " eral election. It shows that Whiteside county cast B,577 votes for McKinley and Ilobart and 2,777 for Bryan and Bewail: for Levering and Johnson, Prohibitionists, 88; for Bentley and iSoutbgate, National Prohibition, 7; Palmer and Buckner, Uold Democrat, 'B3, and Bryan and Watson, 11. The total vote of tho county was 8,524. The vote for State representatives in the thirty-flrst district for this county is: George Murray, 8,243. Jerry W. Dinneen, 8,254, C. 0. Johnson, 7,892}£, J. W,-dFIetcher,307,and.J. E. Barnard, 197. _ Thevpte of -men was^as folio wsT 5,668, W. 11. Moore, 2,668, W. Goldsworthy, 102, W. 0. Holden, 72 and Dan .Keheler, 1. . ; George Prince'e vote in the different •counties' of the district was as follows: Wbiteside ...........;........... ' B,E(58 Bock Island . ..... ... ......... ... 7,301 Mercer. . ...... ......... ......... 3,108 Heary ... ....... ..............'.. C,105 Knox. .;.........;........ ...... 7,678 Stark.:......,. ................. ,.1,039 Total ..... ...... .......v; ..... .'.3M60 The total vote for Moore, Prince's opponent, was 15,741. Grand Hotel, Feb. 19, 1897.— When do the editors write theif kilters? They seem to be talking and smoking from morning to night. Certainly they are not traveling for their own pleasure. They ought to give their readers the benefit of the strange sights. A delightful excursion yesterday afternoon. We were all invited to go aboard the "Nueces," one of the Mai- lory line which plies between Galveston and New York. It Is a handsome steamer, 350 feet long, and the cabin and state rooms look very neat and cosy. , As we, steamed away f hundreds of people rataaaing onTthe i wharf, ocean vessels lying at the docks taking in cargoes, the city on one side and the wide harbor on the other with its tugs, yachts and ferry boats, my heart beat with joy/ I thought of Buchanan Read's poem— My sonl today Is far away Sailing the Vesuvlan bay. On we go till we pass within a s tone's throw of the battle ship Texas, now at anchor within three miles of the city. Now we are beyond the jetties in the Gulf of Mexico, and pur big boat rises and sinks with the long swell of the sea. As the sea song says — Hocked In thoctatllootlUo (loop. Another treat. More Texas hospitality. Wafers and cheese, apples and oranges, down stairs, and men and women ran around, hand and mouths "..- National Deficit. The National deficit for last mdnth was 85,922,779. This is the Wileon- Gorman bill's contribution to our general National deficiency in revenue. the total 4 - receipts and % expenditures of the government during the first twenty-nine • months of the Wilson tariff law, as compared with those of the first twenty- LHxontha-bf-tha_lIcKinlay_laMU—-;- ready for—the-waves and fishes. ' ' What are these jetties? Long walls of stone, beginning near the city, and built for miles out into the bay until they approach within 7,000 feet Of each other. The object is to confine the wa-, ter betweeb these walls, so that as the tide ebbs and flows, a current may be produced that will sweep away the sand, and deepen the channel for seagoing vessels. It is a success. Before the jetties were made, there w ere sandbars only twelve feet below the surface now the channel is twenty -five feet deep^ AB large ocean steamers draw, when loaded, at least twenty to twenty three feet, it is easy to be seen that the jetties were necessary to the commerce of Galves ton. : A few words about the battle ship Texas. We had not time to go aboard. UV£ <-* r.f <«,<S , ' ? W" 1 f '* t- fT f i" a 1 ' J '' '"* i.-«i.v /< n-/-' T'-I "T «!" E -?r->e: '• f'' v "* ""• < ontrShn*^ t't 1! {i-t « J'.rt f;»ll. If THE SOCIAL VIRTUES VISION THE REAL IN L!FE. In 1ho intuitions and comptoittental relations of men we find tho reivlm of the pure and the rational basis for fetbic- ftl action. Tho discernment of tbcso interdependent and mutually perfecting relations awakens in individual minda th(« Bncminf-ss of brotherhood. It makes men -walk together in tho holiest joy to find that their reciprocal and accompa- niinenlftl relations constitute a cofiimti- toity of beauty, power and incorruptible purity. :; It is in such 'n community that God in bis true character nnd relational life is Keen. In other words, tho social virtues revoal the moral beauty in God and humanity. The divino does not appear iu isolation or -as a lifo separate froni tho communal virtues of tho universe, tho responsive faculties of men and nature. The vision of tho social .spirit is tbat^the order of __the universe is moral, beautiful and useful, co-operative, mutual and constructive, and that any fragment or portion of lifo attempting to live apart from this order sets up eelf righteousness or a Pharisaical creed —-inflames its own conceit that it is better than tbo lifo from which it sprang. God and men, beauty and power, truth and purity, are Been in their essential nature and in their only true light, when co-operativo energies nnd associo- tional relations havo their full play in all tho activities and missions of society. From this view it can bo assorted as a truism that all conduct to bo wholesome, all action to bo ethical, all business to bo just, must proceed upon tho interwoven, interdependent, • complo- nicntal relations of fsonls, Tho ethical feelings, because of their fundamental nature, arc truer to 'right ideals than fain r< fofrv — in" ifr f!;r f [f rjr^= wnrk fur thf m wJthont failing, sbnll Xviq,. Onp ^aloofcftd for f?f!tirca of help •will come from ti".: churches, Tbfiy bave n great roscrrft forcn. They once uswl this force in propagating dogmas. Tliey have censed to preach doctrine, and now we nro in the beginnings of a revival of rigMeonsiiess that means right condncf. toward man. For the first time in ft thousand yeitrs the chtsrch is preacjhlng a Bioro compltvto gospel. Tbo friends of reform should ask- ..tho preachers, to Bpeak out on these vital .questions and shonld not be fmtisfled nntil they hava done so. • We need broader methods of work. We need it broader sympathy. • We need more fnith in tho triumph of the right, History is n long, panorama of revelations, of experiences, similar to tho one we are now enduring. Depressions are the world's sternest but most valuable teachers. It is tho struggle; the toil, tho burden that develop tho muscles, and. .give ~ those iro» ; tho\vs.tlmt ; distin- gnish the man from tho dwarf. -These are iiot easy limes, but they !are character testing and giant breeding times. Let us not fail to get onr due meed oi reward in mental and moral strength and wisdom. ^_J. W. C/U.DWKU* McKInleyLaw^Ileceipts first twenty nine months, $885,9(34,890.42. ._ •Wilson Law—Receipts for first twenty..nine months, $738,987,775.80. '...• Difference in favor of McKinley la\v, , $146,977.114.62. McKinley Law—Receipts first twenty nine months, 8885,964,890.42. McKinley Law—Expenditures first -twenty-nine months,8862,938,702.26. Surplus, 323,026,188.16. • WJlson Law—Receipts first twenty- nine months, $738,987,775.80. '''•'_ ~~~~ Wilson Law — ExpndlWres" first twenty-nine months, 8885,864,991.82 Deficit, 8126,877,216.02. McKfnley Law—First twenty-nine months, surplus, 823,026,188.\6. . Wilson Law—First twenty-nine moa- ths, deficit, $126,877,210.02, THE PRELIMINARY CONTEST. A Largo Vote Cast Declaring; Fur J. V, ~* ' • -'- Vtley by Two Majority. J, F. Utley and D. L. Miher are. per- eonal friends and political enemies. Both sought distinction as a candidate before the people for tho. .ofllce of Mayor of the city of Sterling. They agreed to submit their claims to the people by way of preliminary ballot for choice as to who should, of these two, enter the field as a regular candidate. This was decided at the City Hall Wednesday evening from -5 to 9 o'clock. An election board was organized with J, JJ. Alexander, R, I>rKIm- broandE. B, Fletcher as. Judges, and Ii|. D. John as Clerk. There were 570 -ballots east, of which J. F. Utley re- ceive4 m Wid &"!<:• Miller 284, where, wpoa Utley was declared the choice ao4 Miller ..ia Ws ehauonlon.- .- ...... After the decSartttion of the result, comiflatlou papers were presented and r uigued by tbQae who hadje- to await thjifiatcpwe, / HIS ARM WAS EiROKEN. W»1H« ' uatala* iujury »t ' . . Willje Swsitli, the eixteeo-year-old «sl' Edgar, Smitb, suataiped a f rsc- of the right arm above the elbow t.U*J wire iaill Wedatedtiy,. Tbeac- ftjit occaired wbsis the young idm ws* §tt«xupUQg to gut » MS on a »«• f OTOJag pstty. Be wa» t^ken to- hie od Brg, but had a good view of the huge floating battery. .She is about 300 feet long, carries thirty big guns, Is painted white, and with cannon muzzles in every direction, looks lilca a dangerous customer to waken up. Tugs_and ferry boats were running all forenoon, and wben we passed, the decks were black with people, screaming and waving. The Texas was built at the Portsmouth navy yard, JVa.,and cost 82,500,000, enough to establish and run for years .our Sterling Township High School. These southern yards or lawns are a surprise to a man from the North in February. Ail fresh and green. Instead of our sickly shrubs are the cac-~ tus, clumps of jessamine, various kinds of palms, green hedges, trailing vines, and orange trees. A former Illinois man now living in Texas told me he would not live north again. But Ihere is another side. Children cannot study so hard. The principal of the high school Bald there is oomething in the climate thatTforblda close application. So -let the good"boya and girls of Ster- Hug rejoice that their lot is cast where they can work at their books till their head swims, and feel no bad effects. There seems, no reason to doubt that Galveston is the\ coming commercial center of (he South, It is the natural outlet of a vast region rich la corn, cotton, rice, wool, wheat, vegetables and- fruit. With a spacious harbor for ships to receive cargoes, the trunk railway lines will bring their products. Three great railway systems already here— Santa Fe, K. M. T, (Kansas, Missouri and Texas) and the Great Northern. ' With some expense the city can be drained, and made & very delightful and desirable place of residence. The citizens are kind and cordial, and ready to take the stranger by the hand. Last night at 10 o'clock the mercury was filL ftfld Baen W0re smoking in tbejr chairs In front of the hotel. A shower early this morning, This evening we start for Mexico by way of San Antonio, and will have a look at the old Alamo, wber« Crockett, Travia and Bowie died for Texan liberty. We have two weeks of Bleeping car ahead aa we expect to live in our coaches ia Mexico, .Goodness! I dread it, but groans are uot in order. Kicks don't count down ' W. W. DAVIS. been given-tho-flrsfc-place-in-thp mental and moral philosophies of tho world. The conception herein presented makes logic "and will attributes or functions of a moral lifo grounded in tho affections, affinities and complomeutal qualities of men. To stato this view succinctly it can bo said that our thought and conduct, our art of living, ore gathering around . two words—relationality and inspiration/or relational life and inspirational life. • I. Relationalitjv—1. Hum an souls aro marked by deep, original or imbedded 1 relatious; these relations supplement and complement themselves. 2. Tho social virtues constitute the only ethical realm. 8. An ethical community; visions. God, visions all- reality, 'makes knows the" relational character of all personalities and things. • • II. Inspiration.—!. Fresh life ' and new aspects of truth.—new truths, in- deed—cnmo to vicnv in a commnnity_ol minds .whoso temper is serious and.hon- est. Social germs containing ideals for the race open, respond and grow by the mutual and loyul exchange of moral qualities" inTTa" fraternal' "cbnstitiienoyT -Hcrtrthcro is a coutimious-reYclatiotrof- truth.—It ia tho: spirit,-divino : ~and : human,' that _ quickeueth. Inspiration— the power to create aud moke known— is rooted in tbo social virtues. 2. A dauntless and divine courage is inspired by tho social, spirit. Men havo but to feel their kinship to'all lifo and- they will go to any depths, to auy heights, make any sacrifice, to meet the. relations aud conditions of a sacred fraternity. The greatest enthusiasm will yet be expended in forming an indissoluble union of human souls. Kelation'olity and inspiration supply the equipment and courago for any and all social tasks. Tho universal well being of the race ia attainable. This end has been mirrored in the social virtues, and men will go on in their courdgeoua endeavor until tbeir ideal is realized. •'•';..'•• Gr- E. ; Glenwood, Mo. j^CJfeWfe «? qt/fiMfe,fcii«i» &*. George Adair baa originated a new Forty-nine blocks with numbers on them are BO arranged that they wffl «»4d 175 eaeb sod every way. The blocks sue to be set (Q holes, of Mr, sitcS THE OUTLOOK. Tho financial outlook is encouraging, if \ve can see far enough, ahead. We should neither want nor expect the old "boom" revival, which is immoral'in both its principles and methods. Where the most excitements and speculation prevailed, now we ,have the most stagnation. Whatever other evils may have helped to produce this long drawn out panic, thob'oornhas a considerable abate of tho blame. There is a steady decline in interest rates and an. increase in the confidential values of securities, and these are always forerunners of business revivals. .. • ' ' We will doubtless go into debt with greater caution, and will be more careful in matters of expense. In legislation there will be many state reform measures in tho direction of restricting monopolies and trusts, reducing railroad rates, improving public schools and purifying municipal government. When Senator Hill attacks trusts and _the ^CJYJQ federation of St. Louis lays' hold, of the putrid school board of that city, we may" well take courage. Congress is apt to do a good deal of loud talking and very little real legislation. • . ; ' ; , The lobby is still too potent. The third house holds the balance of ppwer even yet, and will eouthmo to do so for some time. There is no possibility of abolishing the third house. The only immediate remedy for the evil ia for each constituency to closely watch its member, and when he fails in bis duty to send a better man in lite place, and. for those -who b&vo the good of the country really at heart to keep a strong lobby at •worlf a& a counteracting iafla- cm do much more with, f abeosg peuiioiis, MR. J. STERLING MORTON AS AN AUTHOR ANP STATESMAN. Mr. J. Sterling-Morton, who temporarily holds tho portfolio of agriculture, has written not a book, but tho introduction to one, and this is a scmikind of authorship. Tho book is before a once long expectant and how happy people. The introduction does all that an introduction is intended to do-—viz, it intro- duccsrand cortaiiily this is all that the most exacting critic could desired There ia a difference between being introduced to a country lass and being presented at court, and Mr. J. Sterling Morton, as is most natural, uses tho former method. Jlo^blnr^fl^ojit^ .sharpness Ho-evonroasteitopnliBts and farmers and does not forget to administer a few back bonders to his unsuspecting political enemies. Ho ' bus hod the good fortune to get tho disapproval of many-of his party at his seeming incapacity. Between-being the president's private secretary of tbo soil and acting as a kind of agricultural boss, Mr. Morton has not pleased anybody unless it bo his chief. Tho gentle reader will be glad' to etQ a paragraph of thin recent literary production, and hero is one: . ' 'Tho squalling governmental need of every vocation and everybody is.statutes declaratory, creative enactments. Especially does tho agriculturist of the walking delegate county convention and oratorical variety require legislative encouragement. : Up- to this blessed moment government has done relatively nothing for agriculture. During tbo last 80 years, however, by enactments, it has incidentally, given to farmers between 2, 000,000 and 8,000,000 farms, averaging moro than780_acfei;eacB7~_lt has also ponuripnfily founded and maintained during tbo last ton years agricultural colleges'and. experiment stations in every Rtato and territory.-- There aro -appropr i atcd—for-^xperimcut—stations. $7GO t OQO/annually, arid .-about $1,000,000 is annually taken' from tho United States treasury for colleges of agriculture and mechanic .arts, in which free tuition is provided for the children of tho people and in which courses of in- Btructiou in agriculture are given. .Bo- sides about $000,000 in interest is annually received by tho different states and' territories from land grant funds held in trust by them from proceeds of the laud act of 1802. Government also created an executive- department f or agriculture and -forgets commerco and manufacture entirely, while it appropriates more than $2,000,000 each year to the new department, and, in addition, paternally disseminates a few hundred tons of garden soeda annually for the glory of gardens and , tho conciliation of gudgeons. What else? Nothing! Absolutely nothing 1". That reads much like the utterancea of a man smarting under blowa of public criticiam. It is not tho voice of a statesman or philanthropist. Nor would it seem to be the voice 4 of n servant ol tho people. . , Most readers will seriously question .the statement .that/"the govornmenl forgets commerco and inanufactuyd entirely:" No, my dear Mr. ^Wrathful What jias become of the protected infant industries? Every ope knows bul Mr. Morton that we have done more by government legislation for manufno tnres and commerce than for any other branches of business. Simply because they havo "studiously demanded it, FQR THE SALVATIONISTSl - When the rival branches of the Salvation Army parade the streets for effect they are dangerously near adopting political methods. Many good and wise people have looked upon the Army as a most sincere movement in behalf of a fallen and neglected plass, aud have willingly overlooked ita spectacular way a 'prd"crude "theology."" If false am bitions at display of number and bruiting are to be added to its crude ways and ; cruder theories, many will \turn atfay in sorrow, if not disgust Let th< Salvation Army utiok to ita real work- that of lifting up the Adranrnl '3 LLUSTRATIONS OF PROFIT SHARING. BY N. O. KEU«OS. Three yeafrs ago Ewile LeVassenr fif *art«j th« eminent professor, economist nd writer on economic snbjeofs, visited *>eiaire. He mado a general tour of he United States especially with ». view to _iMVo8t jgating the conditions of Ainericftn wovkingmon. He has much on the subject since hia etnrn to Paris. In a paper published n Tho Yale Bevlew for August, on the Standard of Living of American Work- ngmen,"'he arrives at the conclusion bat the average rate of wages in this ountry ia about double the French rate. Jhe cost of food in about two-thirds, of lothing about equal, and of reritconaid- rably higher, with more and better oom, Ho flnds the American standard if living much higher and 'also moro wasteful. Ho overlooks two important aotora—r'wbilcL the American . rato of wages is much: iiigber, employment ifl ar more orisfeody and tho number of unemployed very much greater. ' If tho ornparison waa made between the average income year in add year out of tho ntire number of workers in Franco and he United States, the difference bo- weon tho two would be greatly reduced, lo also falls into the error of taking his msis from tbe wages of the highly paid mechanical trades. His average of $2.07 tor ddy .cannot include the total of shoe workers, clothing makers, laborers and bo great mass of manufacturing in Which wagea aro not held up by unions. One of tbe most interesting side howa of tbo English co-operative movement is the annual flower festival. It tnrted 10 or 13 .years ago at Crystal mlaco, in tho outskirts of London. It n ; ^earJjy = jej|^nn][nj^?Jjt.Ja_ made tho occasion for a grand gathering of co-operators from all.over tbo British slaQd. Tho attendance numbers hundreds of thousands, Tho English climate a especially adapted to tho cultivation of flowers, being moist and of much moro even temperature than that of tho Jnitod States. Splendid bods of flowers n-front yards' and pot flowers in tho windowa are almost universally found n cities of moderate aize and villages. The display of flowers at tho festival ia something wonderful. Then .there ia music, including, a chorus of more than 6,000 voices. Th'e festival lasts several days. Speeches are made by eminent men and by prominent co-operative oadevs., 1 Tho great success of this central festival has encouraged the prov- ncos, and now tho Scottish co-operators lavo theirs, and also tho various mibdis- tricts of'England nndiScotland. try preaideut of tbe clothing true deajen that there is any inteutiou o raising the prices. The trust represents 'a capital of $350,000,000. We pay pio* now ifoj,' our clothing than aay pttier people on earth, ,und ^o matter' hovs much pf a jn-otecuonist a intw is m the coy, whenever he goes to Europe- he al ways buys a few suits befor«*|retur»ing tc^gjre^smau who is for fawo might intrtxittce a bill lag far the nslu of the aaormow of flSO.OOO, b«inR m jn $58,GOu-o<-fT tho rnrrpppoofls'ng of last yenr. Tlif r.«ocia«on has members and fSTJ.OOO capita'. profits aftrr paying all c%ponres, *rt on capital nnfl deprociation on nxm property was $81,385. A ditMsntS bf IS per cent was retained to iinrchaseffc Tbe society has a large number « branches, a library and reading and carries on n .la.™. t»'l° ritl i and other branches- of innhn'faotnM* , If the farmers ia every would organize a co-operative nssooift- tion, hold regular meetings, arrange lot 1 buying their machinery and groceries jointly, Belling their products joiatly* starting a creamery, arid in thecoa?» of time « cannery, a mill, a blacksmith's shop and a library, they could in a few years greatly improve their finance* • and also their" soflial sutroundiDgs. Thftr is no idle theory, but is vouched fo* by" what- farmers' asaooiations have for them in dif Tho co-oporative associations in tim United States are eoattered over eo veifi« an area and are so far apart that mosl of thorn are unknown to each other, W* shall eatoem it a service to co-operation, and a f a vor to ourselves, if allrcadets, of tho newa in the United States will Bend us tbo address of oo-operaUvo so- cietiea of which thoy have knowledge* The Loolaire (Ilia.) co-operativo Btors- pnys regnlarly 10 pei cent dividends on membera' pnrchasoa. Members may join by taking one $BO share of. atook, pay- oblo in installments of 60 cents a week or moro. It ia open to all. HOW TO STAKT CO-OPERATION. First -write to some authority, for printed matter in order that yon^toay thoroughly inform yonrsoJf. Then talk. it up to neigbbora and friends, 'Hold, ,<* •^ •«-J The United, States census bureau baa :abulatod-renorded dobta-«f-;all Borta in tho United Statosr; The bonded debt of railroads, street railroads, telephone companies, telegraph companies, private water companies, gaa companies, electric light and power companies and other transportation companies. amounts to $0,200,000,000, Tho mortgages on farma amount' to $3,209,000,000 aud on city property to $3,810,000,000. Tho United^ States,' state, county, ojty and Bohool. debts amount to $3,027,000,000, [pans on crop liens $050,000,000, bank loana $3,077,000,000. A reasonable es. timate of bank . deposits, mercantile debts, retail store -accounts and other personal, debta* would carry, the 'total debts, of tbo United States, public and private, to probably $30,000,000,000, or an average qf $2,140 to each household of five persons. It is easy to see. from these figures how panics and depressions arise, and the qneetion is naturally raised whether credit ia a blessing or a onrse, .' • . The St. Louis co-operntiVe etoro is showing a . steady and healthy growth in membership and in Hales. "Within the past 12 months the Bales have doubled. A regular dividend of 6, per cent pu mombers* purchases and 8 per cent on nonmembera' ia paid, An excellently equippe'd bakery baa just been acquired. The managers and workers are all co-' operators and will share in the loss, if there be any, and in the profits when it gets on a profit making basis. The various breada made will . be of a strictly pure and honest sort. The loavea aro wrapjped iu specially prepared paper to keep them clean aud fresh. The manager of tfae bakery, Mr, Joseph Parvin, is a thoroughgoing co-operator in practice and theory. He has, been a co-operative business manager, and baa written muoh on the subject, ; . The Oldbara Co-operative eooiety ol England has recently celebrated the opening of a now bakery, a new slaughter house and other buildings. Each of these plants ia extensive and fitted, up in tbo moat complete manner with modern »ppliauoes. Tbe bakery building in- cladea 17 stalls fortha teams. The society baa 11, 888 members. ItOales last year amounted to $1,820,000, yielding a net profit after paying interest ou capital of $2 1 8, 000. It paid opt in di vi- denda to purchasers $198,600. Ojdham ia eituuted uaar. Eochdale, the birthplaoo of modern co-operat Jon. The basiuesa of these two jnttnpfaotoring cities is largely done by tJae co-operatora. The Loalaire (Ills. ) library contains a large collection of well selected books adapted to all classes of readers, learned and uulearued, oid and young, farmers and oity resident* They will be gladly leiat to auy one who will ' read, tliewi. Individual appliowsts will be Bupplied at ti»y time ot day o? evening by apply- i»g eitto afc the iibifary or to the 11- toari&a, M.W ThcjKi9», at joi»jflg ta0 Ibfasjr. 'fo sohool gether and 'discuss the" ~ points ;^ talk' about it from a bnainess point of view and on ita 'moral side; get a nuolejiB fully imbued with its importance. When you bavo a& many aa 86 who are willing to try it, start a subscription list for membership at $25 or $50 oach, payable in small installmonts such ns all" can afford. Organizo in a provisional way with a committoe in charge. Do noS spend, any money on legal organization before you 'get folly started and know that you aro going ! ahead. Co-operatioa is a voluntary matter and only, Blight legal forma are , necessary. When you have enough money to buy two or threo items of plain groceries in wbolesulo pnokagos, bay them, and distribute them at the ordinary retail prices in come spare room of one of the members. Sou bave incurred no expense, and when this distribution haa taken plabe you will find in your possession 16 or 20 per cent moro money than yon laid out. Yon > l»* •MS • I "it^ *St- V ^ some money'coming in all the from weekly installments. When the *. membership and businesa .have grown ,)« ffuffloientlyj to justify hiring a Btore- xoom, then Beleot'nn inexpensive place"" of time it may bo kept open afternoons, twico a week; later on two, three and finally sis full days a week, This is a very small way of starting, but it is the surest way, and it ia abonfe tho way in whiob. most of tho co-operative societies whiofe now do a business of millions a year were started. Under no circumstances either buy or sell on credit; under, no circumstances incur expenses, that. will consume the gross, profit OB tho greater part of it. Always' lay the chief stress on the moral ideal of oo-operation. ; MORALS AND RELIGION. f.;' Morala are the flower of .logic; religion j IB the offspring of the emotions. Morals Inculcate a steadfast,, optimiatio belief In the good ia maa; religion affiliates, with the prejudioea and passions. The/ ono breathea aa atmosphere of peaceful ' practicable oalxn, the other touches tho eerene. heights .and deaoenda into the. lowest depths of human nature. Thtf ono is the midgronnd of eentiment, the^ other is perpetually in extremes, The* moral man ia not unduly shocked by aa * exhibition of depravity nor elated by an' aot of heroism. He understands thajj back of both are causes operating pendeiJtly of the instrument. He 1 that Jinan's responsibility i8,'ia ai limited, but he leqognizes tha bility of human nature and tbo; ty of making ii conform to an standard. Man has been taught the moial „ by oenturiea of experience. It ia an ™ , telleotuftl nerceptiofl, while religion |tr dependent upoa the emotiona for itjf' very existenoe,aiid mwt inevitably g|y4*, way to morale, even aa the highly col- 1 ored alphabetioai ohftrts of . childw*«t» are repluoed by classical treatises we "put aw»y childish things." The chilly heights of abstKiwfc mar* ty are warmed and glorified wliea •» jraf* APY«4MP9a. J|L WhileL Jesug sail, uporj raea tp serv^ the good and evil, he was no pitiless COUBOT, _ compassion was infinite for 'those wf slipped and stumbled on the way, *£| moral lawpnaisbes tbat jtma" Elxperieuce ia the best teacher." JB but another nauie for truth, the pfffipriug of gqperstitipa. is juat; rejigion eeeka a ssiapeB^, irallty oStes faota'iQ favor of its „_,„ i«)igiom tells ua that which we wish, JPBOW. MoxBUty'pointy oat the mi»j we iiave made; religion ooasoles us the promise q£ a fot«*e reward. ty teachea that right living bidet ly bl^HSiBga in its train,, while advises the e«t}re »taega^|oi(i oS One ia

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