Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois on October 18, 1941 · Page 7
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Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois · Page 7

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Sterling, Illinois
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Saturday, October 18, 1941
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Page 7
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Saturday October 18, 1941 STERLING DAILY GAZETTE, STERLING. ILLINOIS Page Seven Building Costs Are as Low as They Will Be in Years Paul Haagen Say Prices Will Not Drop for Long Time Material Costs May Even Increase in Time, Says Architect By Paul T If onf IK ronsidrring building ft house, thr prices of todfu air as low as they will he for somr \cars. ThU is the opinion of mnM home building authorities throughout the United States. While home building cost* are higher than they were, there gtlll time for the prospective home owner to build at lower costs than will prevail in the next few years There are three facts that determine the cost of a liome. First the cost of the land: second, the cost 'of the material, and third the assembly or labor cost The trend today Is away from the large cities arid centers to sub urban country- life. This tends to •trengthen the cost of the land There arc no prospects that_material costs will decline because there seems to be a large building boom in prospect. Already the first half of 1941 shows a larger num b*r of private homes built through out the United States than at any time during the last eleven years Labor Is a large factor in the cost of a home and there are no indications of any changes in la bor costs for years to come, be cause the drawing of labor into the national defense programs will continue and labor is becoming •earcc. Yet, with all of these rising items, there are certain economy factors that prevail In the con •tructlng cost of the small house today. First, and most Important it the low cost of financing whicl la lower than ever before. Second the Increasing mass production methods in construction. Third, the use of prefabricated Items in the house, such as windows, cabinets et cetera, that arc completely made ready to slip into the house M desired. These factors keep the coat somewhere near level. New Is Best Time to Plant Hardy Shruos It'* a question with many home owners whether to plant trees and shrubbery this fall or wait for spring There are some trees of course that have settled the question for •verybody by refusing to grow i" they ar« subjected to the rigors o winter just.After transplanting.- Some of the otherwise hardy shrubs, too, prefer to .start in a ' new place in spring rather than in All shrubs and trees, be it understood, are to be allowed to drop their leaves and become dorman, before any moving U done at either eeason. Fall, of course, has everything in Its favor as far as convenience goes especially if you are laying out new (rounds. But consult your nurseryman or a good landscape gardener before committing yourself to a full program of fall planting. — Whatever your material, be sure to make thorough preparation for It now, even though you dectd.e_nat to set it in place until the spring. Soil that has been turned over to the air, left to be mellowed by winter snows, rains and freezing is better by far to receive new stock than soil that has be«n left until the moment of planting to. be dug. A few weeks of 'such mellowing will do great good to fall settings too. Therefore it is wise to select the •pots where your plantings are to be made and get. them dug and ready at once. . If roses are on your list remember that in spite of some differences of opinion .among the experts, fall planting of roses has many adherent*. The spots for setting your rosebushes should be made ready at once, ready to receive the bushes whenever the nursery from which th*y come Judges the rosebushes properly ripened. For such planting a well known punery suggest* \ that you loosen the soil at least 'two spade depths by throwing out the first spadeful of soil. Add two inches of manure and two inches of peat moss and Mix this thoroughly in the second •pade depth. If no manure is available add three inches of broken up peat moss and a handful of Vigoro •r •hnilar-fertilitvr and mix this In thoroughly. Then add an inch of Manure and an Inch of peat to the first spadeful, mix this thoroughly and return to theh ole, and water it all well. If either the manure or the peat moss is not available. double the quantity of the medium which is used. , Altew this to settle and when •taaUi* your rose* be sure to tramp UMSA in thorouglily and water well Comprising only log acres, Vati•an City to the uoalleet state in the Fin * N SHUT mis ^^^^^n^^^^l^^ ^kpp A Tasteful Combination of Different Materials The use of several different exterior construction materials often leads to architectural disaster, but In this case the materials have been combined with good taste. The house Is well designed in regard to room relations and ventilation. Valued nt 16.500 in Ohio, this property was financed with a mortgage of $5.800. Average monthly payments on a 20-year mortgage of this amount, exclusive of local taxes and hazard Insurance, total approximately 138. The cost of a similar property will vary in other localities. FLOOR-PLAN* YaluejsiCrealcd By Making Grounds, Home Harmonious Harmony in the exterior design of houses and in their location with respect to topography and finished ground elevations is an important factor in creating residential neighborhoods of homogeneous character. • '' Successful developers are now giving special consideration to the factor of harmony.. Placing houses awkwardly on the land increases construction costs without adding value. Too much foundation wall may be exposed. Heavy grading may result in loss of valuable trees and result in ugly steep banks or meaningless ground surfaces. Too many steps create added cost and increased risks to Where the house is designed for harmony with the land and pleasant relationship between its rooms and the surrounding outdoors, the greatest use is made of the lot, and the house will be more private and livable, the general appearance of the neighborhood will be Improved, and construction costs will be substantially reduced. Harmony in styles of architecture on^ach street will help create values. The freakish house is generally admitted to be undesirable in the neighborhood; but"contracts between good styles of_archltecture, tf Tmwlsely—alxM; are as offensive to good taste. Care should be taken to blend the external design o! houses which are opposite or adJoining: and yet to avoid the monotony of unchanging plans. Successful subdivides provide in protective covenants for control of the external design and location of all structures in the tract. Plans without harmony may thus be eliminated before they are carried out. Attic Insulotion Is a Simple Matter The Insulation of an attic floor may be accomplished in several ways, stiff or rigid board sheets-of insulation material may be laid over the attic floor and then covered with another floor. A loose material that has a high insulation value may be poured between the celling joist or blanket form of insulation material may be fitted in between the. joist*, if there is no floor In the attic you may lay one of the rigid boards directly on top of the celling Joists. 3ifrh insulation will have a great deal of heat loss through the attic and roof. Decorative Grills Window grilles are often needed for protection of property but they can be ornamental a> well as uee- ful if care in selection is exercised. Many designs now are obtainable, with or without ornamentation. Roofing Leaks Are Annoying and Often Very Destructive There is nothing more annoying or destructive than a leaking roof. Sometimes when you ask your roofing contractor to make good the leak and repair the damage, he blames the flashing on the sheet metal man, or some other cause than the roofing Work itrself, and either refuses to do the work without charge, or does so with reluctance. It is always advisable for the home builder to put a clause in his roofing contract that the roofer shall include the roof flashing or metal work, so that the responsibility shall be undivided and he will be the person . obviously to blame if leaks • develop. The , roofing contractor doubt- less—will—have-every—honest—intention, of doing a good Job and he Is willing to give a guarantee against leakage, but it takes only a little carelessness on the part of a workman to leave open the possibility of a leak. More Glass Areas In Today's Houses Today's homes are being planned with larger window areas than ever before. The modern trend is to have large windows through which light may"enter~the Toowrtnd »lso~pre^ sent a view from the room to the outside. In the past it has been a question whether the large windows should be Installed or'not because of the great heat loss, but today the trend is just the opposite because double glass, weatherstrip- ping and careful ' construction around the window frame and wail have largely eliminated this course of excessive heat loss. Roofing There have been roofing materials submitted to home owners but it would seem that no material U equal to the wood shingle. Wood shingles are durable, economical, .beautiful, easily repaired and of course weatherproof. They have been used for hundreds of yean in the United flUtta and have always proved iaUalactory. Built-in-Furniture Easy to Install And Easy to Build The purchase of furniture for a new home Is almost as much of a problem as ~ the purchase of the house Itself. When a person buys a house he generally moves from a two or three-room apartment Into a house offering more commodious quarters than formerly provided, and where as his furniture crowded the apartment, it does not fill his new dwelling. This creates a problem that Is easily solved if the building plans provide for built-in- furniture. There are two very Important factors which should govern the choice of a piece of built-in-furniture. First is Its practical value, in that it must be suitable for the purpose of which it is to be put. Second in Its design, or Its appropriateness in the scheme of decoration. Window seats, bookcases, * comer cabinets, and fireplace benches can be so designed that they will add to the architectural treatment of the room, enhance the decorative scheme, and have a practical value besides. Built-in furniture need not be finished on all sides, for it fits into a, corner, an alcove or against a wall! and that alone Is a tremendous saving. By providing for II when the house is being constructed it not only proves to be a much more economical way of furnishing a home._bAilJLJ!lsQ ing much easier by eliminating the movement of numerous pieces of heavy furniture. Many lumber dealers carry built-in furniture that can be installed in the home without special skill in carpentry, as these pieces are ready to install when shipped. Your dealer can be of real assistance in your planning. Strength, light weight, and the complex gadgets of war make light bomber a machine of 25,000 individual parts and tome 150,000 rivets. ' your home with SHEETROGK NEIE YESTEIBAY! NEIE TIIAY! MERE TIIIRRIW! Choose a Reliable Agent when you need £ roper •ANOE- We have been established 20 years — and will be jhere "tomorrow" or whenever you need our services. y Why ProcrMtinate? Bee Gaulrapp 61 Flock Fifit Ave, Pfcow 86 Gr. Floor TBC practical aad •coaonii. cal way to atodtraJM wall* and ceiling • or add aaw par- tilioaa j« wiifc Sfca«trock» the irepraof watlboard. SiMettock* will MC b.rn because it is wad* of gypuitm. If will MX warp, •brink or crack frosa (• Call and M* thi* »e«« wailboard and get fell in- forpatioa a boat the USG Monthly P»jm~* MM for work. Pfce«e 391 MOSES DILLON COMPANY DOWM By Subway Modern Houses Are Better Built Than Earlier Homes Can Resist Weather Better Than Mouses Built 200 Years Ago In Colonial days, few sawmills for the refinement of lumber were available and thr frames of tho staunch. old houses of that era were put together with massive timbers little rnnoved from their original log state. The -xcellmt condition'of so many of tho«* houses today is proof of the durability of that type of construction. The que&Mon naturally follows: what of UwVhouses -we are building today? WhaT will their condition be in 250 years? • The frames of modern homes are constructed of smaller, but better (*eaaoned members, and while the old houses depended upon mere bulk for their strength and stiffness, less material can actually be made to do an equal and even better Job today, if given advantage of being properly placed In your home. Modern houses have better foundations, better roofs, are much wanner and much more weather- tight than the 200-year-old Colonial homes we find along the Atlantic coast today but, because we depend on good framing design rather than mere bulk, modern houses do need attention to their framing layouts. Even as the oft-mentioned chain which Is only as strong as its weak- wt link, so, too. your home can be little better than the weakest point In the framing which may event* ually lead to more serious defects greatly reducing the value of your investment. No Tricks U Framing , There are no tricks to good framing which cannot be covered in a few Important points to no more numerous than the fingers of your hands. To build according to these few ••musts" Is no more expensive than to permit your house to be thrown together. Any kind of a foundation should rest on footings wide enough to keep the foundation from sinking when the full load of the house Is applied, Footings should extend six inches beyond both sides of the wall and be at least eight inches deep. When there U a basement, the bearing posts which carry the load in the center of the building should have a.footing eight to twelve inches deep and from eighteen to twenty- four square and the footing should extend three inches above the finished floor. To increase the stiffness of the floor and to cut down vibration all joists should be securely .braced with small members, commonly called cross-bridging between the .Joists at intervals of not over eight leetr No item is more Important than floor joists. They support the entire building. They should be spaced 16 inches apart. Under partitions and around openings double joists should be used. They should be large enough to eliminate deflection. . Roof rafters should be anchored to the walls by spiking them to two- inch blocking between tbe rafters which has been spiked to the wall plates. This will furnish a good bond between the roof framing and the aide walls, often a point of weakness. Studs Jn walls and partitions Monthly Payments Total $16 on This House Many of the elements which produce safe, sanitary, comfortable, and convenient living accommodations are combined In this small house. A maximum amount of usable space has been obtained for a minimum amount of money and the result is a compact unit which should meet the requirements of a family of average size and means. Valued at 13.000. the property was financed with a 25-year mortgage of $3.700. Monthly payments amount to about 116, exclusive of local taxes and hazard insurance. dust-proof paper between sub and finished floor. Headers are supports over open- Ings. For all openings of three feet or less two, 2 by 4's on edge should be used. If the opening Is wider than three feet, the header should be In the form of a truss as shown In the Illustration above. A 'Kitchen Office' Is Often a Boon to should be 16 inches on centers. They should be doubled arodnd windows and doors and tripled at corners. Sheathing on outside walls should be applied at a forty-five degree angle. Diagonal sheathing is seven times stronger than horizontal sheathing. Sub-flooring should also be laid diagonally and carried in between the studs and outside wall. Diagonal sub-flooring is strongest and alto permit* tbe finished floor to be laid in any direction. There should he a layer of water-and- Average Housewife A convenient and attractive work center may be added to the kitchen, and the housewife will find it easier to organize her statements, account books, etc.; if properly filed there. A desk can be built In at some point where It will receive adequate light and air. A small filing cabinet can either be purchased separately and- attached to the desk or drawers and pigeonholes made of the same material as the desk. A bookshelf for^thc cook books or other books which the housewife may be reading while she Is watching something cook can be placed in the lower part of the desk or hung against the wall above it. A pencil sharpener can be att«phfH ^1 a convenient shelf and the phone and phone books suitably located. A clock on the desk or an attractive kitchen JTStt clock can harmonise with the colors chosen for the desk. A bench or chair should be designed to match the desk. Cool colors are preferable for bath walls and cabinets in the kitchen, but the furniture may be painted in bright contrasting tones. Warm yellows are often used for kitchen accessories. HAVE YOUE EUGS AND CABFCTS CLEANED THE TROJAN WAY BUGS UPHOLSTEMY Wall-ta-Wall Carpets Tharaaghly Cleaned awl Eejv- venatcd In yew beaae. Glue airing not rcHMvcd.Twfet we've* n*t nntwtsUd. Guaranteed Wet*. Michel's Point Store 1 E. Third Si, rtMn* IMS INSTALL A GALE STOKER And let it work for you and you'll be comfortable this winter. Ask us for prices NOW. Complete line of Fairbanks Mora* pumps. Tvh OHy MMeiif I HwHac SwvUe 215 Firit Ave., Rock Falls Phone 246 Flooring to Suit Your Taste Is Now Available lo All In early times there was no such thing as 'flooring. The manufacture of building material was on a local hand-made basis and material was not specially fabricated for a given Job. "TtooTs"were t>iitlt~ of the same material as the' rest of the house— Just ordinary- boards. These boards were quite wide, and we know them as "plank" floors. To many people the wide pattern of the old floor is so attractive that most factories now produce in modern material this old-time design. Today's most widely used flooring Is known as the "strip" pattern and Is composed of boards of uniform two and a quarter Inch width This pattern is available In any species of wood used for floors and in a half-dozen different grades. It is the least expensive of all floor- Ing patterns. Price depends on grade and everage length of pieces. More formal and more expensive than either the plank or strip patterns is the "block" or "parquet" pattern which has grown greatly in popular favor during the last few years. The blocks forming the checkerboard are usually composed Cost of a Home Is Often Misleading; The Extras Mount Large Number of Things Enter Into Ultimate Costs The home awnrr. whfri fared with DIP prO5f>ert of owning his dome, ronMders the project en- :irely from the standpoint of th» ildiriR. ground, and other Items that make up the total cost. Ottlmes when » man builds, lie finds that the price quoted him jy the contractor and sometimes by the architect, does not include of the item* that go to mako up the total cost of the house. Some of the Items that every liome owner should consider when tie starts to build are. the cost of the land, necessary legal fees for title research, the survery of the land so that the house may be located on the right lot, and the property line definitely located. Th» architect ts entitled to from six to ten per cent of the total of the final cost of the building, and his fee, too. should be Included In the total cost. If there In a loan being made on the property, the lending agency may require an appraisal fee which will be added onto the cost. Building permits should be secured which cost a few dollars. Compensation insurance should be and usually is carried by the contractor on a building which protects "him and his workers against Injury or loss of life. But the owner Is also subject to suit and there* fore should carry liability Incur* ance to protect the public against any Injury because even though the public has no right on your property, and if a person should be injured, there might be a suit and liability Insurance will cover this condition - - __' During construction tire and windstorm Insurance -should be carried. All of these items should be included in the final cost of the building. of four or five pieces of narrow material formed into a solid block at the mill. In the case of the floor below blocks of a dark species have &ave been alternated with a lighter wood. The block'pattern is just Attached Garages Add Convenience There should be a definite relationship between the garage and the house. Attached garages add to the convenience T>f use and improve accessibility between the house and the garage- When the garage is near the street, the driveway is short and ita cost Is reduced. Placing the garage near the house also permits better use of the rear yard and makes the small house appear larger because, of the Increase in size of the combined buildings. In two-story houses, by building the garage with-the house an addiUanai- second-story bedroom may be feasible. as easily laid over an old <loor a» either of the other designs. The Solution To FuelProblems __Wlthi_ jjrdjnary fuel you L may find it hard to keep your house comfortable and have trouble keeping your fire burning slowly. Package fuel Is the solution. With this clean, easy - to - handle fuel you can keep a small fire going for hours at an even heat. Simply put enough in your furnace to give the desired temperature. Handle it with your hands, you don't even need gloves for it's wrapped -in clean, neat packages. Perhaps one of the best advant- ages of this fuel in Pall is that you can buy Ttln"any~p.lianHlIes~yoll~ want and there is no. waste. Simply buy it by the package. There < la no waste with package fuel, you UM every bit of it . . . and that eliminates shoveling of ashes and dirt. Once you try package fuel youll find it's the modern way to fire your furnace. Oet it at Chamberlin'i, 1205 E. Third Street, or phone TtT. Ask about the new. Fuel Miser Furnace, designed especially for package fuel, fully automatic. LINOLEUM ItOaid — C««f «kuM Ruf •--FeU BaM CARPETS Guliataa Make* Tfcem-For You. art tower than y«* LeBov Killen .....-' ^H^^^^tfr^fiif^^K^^i^^ ^^m ^i^W^e^g^^^^^^^^i^^ ^^^f ^^K^sW • Repair • Reroof • Iitaulate • Modernize c o z r AND WARM . . . will be the h*»e that has been thar» •ugaly checked hy M. ¥•« can't be t*t careful when It cewea to taking eare «f •••M. Bertowi and lnc«nventaae* gel taeir start tkraagh 'negbet and amateur repairing. Guarantee yoiirsclf solid cosafert this winter—let us ia- apeet yew hwae and put In shape far the challenge that Winter bring*. PHONE 79 FOR FREE ESTIMATES SwpiN-Ptwdsoi 206 W. 3rd St. Sterling HI ETJCS -^^.T*. trr~ -L; .•#'«••

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