The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland on August 7, 1939 · Page 4
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The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 4

Hagerstown, Maryland
Issue Date:
Monday, August 7, 1939
Page 4
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A «-. THE DAILY MAIL, HAGERSTOWN, MD., MONDAY, AUGUST 7, 1939. Mail (Established 18XS) Published every evening except Sunday by The Mail Publishing Company. 20 Summit Avenue, Haters- town, Maryland. J. A. HAWKEN" ...... Editor National Advertising: Representatives: Burke, KLuipers .& Mahoney, Inc.' New York. 1203 Graybar Building-:' Chicag-o. 203 North Wabash Avenue: Atlanta. 1601 Rhodes-Haverty Building: Dallas, SO? Southwestern Life Biiildinpr: Oklahoma City. 55S "First National Building.- • . Ad-lress all communications to The Daily Mail . Editorial. Business or Circulation Department not to individuals. * ' S. E. PHILLIPS.. .Gerieral Manager C. & P. Ptione 104-105-106 Same numbers reach all departments Member Audit Bureau of Circulation SUBSCRIPTION RATES (All Subscription Rates Payable In Advance) Single Copy *. 03 One Month 55 One fear (by carrier) 6.051 By Mail (Up to'Fourth "Zone).. 6.0G Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Zones. S 50 Seventh and Eighth Zones 9:50 ance of funds seeking investment, I these rates ar$ lower than those generally prevailing in the money market Under the new plan small homes costing $4,000 can be financed by monthly payments of §23.25, ! which includes principal, interest and mortgage- insurance premium. Such a payment would completely pay off the mortgage and all charges in 25 years. For the first six months of 1939 construction of new homes under the FHA plan exceed that of last year by SO per cent. The new terms are the most favorable ever available to home buyers on a nation-wide basis. Further stimulation of home-building should result from making it as easy for people to buy homes as it is to rent them. Summer School's Out BASEBALL DICTATORSHIP Entered at the postofflce at Hagerstown as 2nd class matter Dec. 12, IS9S. ' MEMBER OF .THJ2 A.SSOC1ATEE PRESS The Associated ' Press is exclusively entitled to the use of publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited ie this paper and also local news pub* lished therein.- • All rights of publication of special dispatches hereto are also reserved. Scholastic Luxury Establishment of ..junior colleges is being urged by educators in various cities. A question naturally arises, however, as to whether the taxpayers may logically be expected to provide the funds for academic training beyond the high school leveL College education is a fine thing. Those who are willing to absorb its benefits, .may gain greatly in their ability to function successfully and enjoy an intellectually 'contented life. But to ask the taxpayers to put up the "money, for the advanced education of many who at best would be indifferently qualified is to stretch the community responsibility for piiblic education rather greatly. American citizens already are digging deeply into their 'pockets for the support of public schools. It is a bit unreasonable to ask for more scholastic liberality under present conditions. For three years the New York Yankees have dominated the baseball world. No other team has had much of a chance when meeting the heavy. bats and the fine pitching of the outfit which many are calling . the greatest collection of athletes of all time. The big problem is—and it is a big problem, to the other clubs because- attendance • figures suffer when they consistently lose games —how to put a combination on the field that will have half a chance against the champs of organized baseball. People are beginning to believe that the Yanks are super-players who just keep on rolling like "Old Man River."' Managers have given up trying to defeat them and are throwing their second strong pitchers against the Bronx Bombers, holding the better pitchers for games they are sure can be won. Millions of American ball fans are calling for a "Stop McCarthy" movement to end this dictatorship. It has even been suggested—and perhaps it is not such a bad idea— that the Yankees should be split up into two teams, one of them playing in each league. But there is this trouble, with s such a plan: Who would want to see two Yankee nines in the World Series? U. S. NAVY UNSURPASSED DISTRICT (of Columbi WONDER •WHAT TUE FOLKS A WILL THIMK NEWS OF THE STARS By LESLIE C. BEARD Member of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific During the early morning hours experimental plants have been established in various parts of the world to use the sun's energy for mechanical purposes. Although each square yard of the sun's surface continuously emits of August 11 and 12 a dozen or more meteors per houi- may be seen in the northeastern sky. The meteors, which radiate from the NEW TAX RACKET Admiral "William D. Leahy, retiring Chief of Naval Operations, ends his long and brilliant naval service with a heartening word to the American people. In his last report he gives an account of his stewardship and it is one that provides an adequate basis for confidence in future security. Admiral Leahy says that the construction of a fleet capable of destroying the navy of any foreign power before it could reach American waters is already well under way. Furthermore, the efficiency of the American fleet and the training and morale of the men are believed by Admiral Leahy to be unequaled by any other naval power, while the enlisted man of today is superior to that of any period of American history in education and intelligence. In a general way, the high standards of the American navy and the superior character of its officers and enlisted men have been well known. Under highly competent leadership and with the aid of liberal financing by the government, the navy has gone forward rapidly toward the development of the strength needed for complete protection against all possible aggression. The knowledge of this strength should have a restraining effect upon the military caste now ruling Japan, which during recent months has shown increasing evidences of utter recklessness and irresponsibility, together with certain berserk tendencies that have made the Nippon nation one of the most serious of the current porils to peace. Washington Daybook WASHINGTON, Aug. A new wrinkle in sales tax payments is being tidied out in Ohio and reports from the tax-gatherers are to the t^.ct that it is proving successful,,!!! furthering collections. It is a premium system. Under the Ohio sales tax law, enacted in 1934, those who pay the tax receive a coupon-receipt wh ch the storekeeper tears through the middle to indicate cancellation. The premium system, authorized by the state legislature this spring, made it worthwhile for consumers to make certain the tax is collected by retaining the cancelled receipts, •which are redeemable in lots of $100 for $3.00. Churches, hospitals and charitable institutions are encouraging people to savejthe cancelled stamps for them, and a considerable part of an increase of $3,000,000 in collections for Jan.-June, 1939 over the same period last year is attributed to the premium system. We can expect all. sorts of new- wrinkles in tax-gathering as the days wear on. The tax gatherers are staying up at night trying to evolve new schemes to that end. DRY IN THE EAST The drought which has been searing a large part of the nation has not become as widespread or as devastating as those of several years ago which laid waste a great part of the West. The loss to farm j Port was from Ac South, crops has, however, been substau- outgoing session ot Congress could easily go down in history as the Second War of the Rebellion. . In it the South fought off! domination by northern and western elements of the party led by the New Deal. Likewise it won most battles in which northern industry was pitted against southern industry. In both classes of issues, naturally enough, there were exceptions, and there were exceptions among southerners, for some stood staunchly by the New Deal. The South was not in complete rebellion, of course, nor was it always alone in rebellion. Southern support was credited with salvag- aging the reorganization bill, trimmed though it was. In turn, there was almost unanimous congressional support for the agriculture bill in which administration objections were overridden heartily. The big money additions were made- in the Senate where, under leadership of Senator Russell of Georgia, well more than a quarter-billion was added to the agriculture budget figure. And the increased benefits were directed heavily southward. * * * They Had Support The southerners did not win out alone. They won in many of theii efforts principally because of Republican support. The concluding blow of this combination was the wrecking of the spending-lending bill. Republicans and southerners led the attack in the Senate by which it was whit tied from a huge spending pro zrarn to little more than a farm aid bill. The same combination in the House amassed most of the vote by which it finally was prevented from reaching the floor. When the relief bill was up, a southern representative, Woodrum of Virginia, led the same combin-1 ation in obtaining an investigation of W.P.A., such as the Federal theater, went out. Restrictive measures were written in and polished off both in the House and Senate. Another Virginian, Rep. Smith, succeeded in winning House approval for an investigation of the labor board, which has been anathema to many southern industrialists. Again the core of his sup- This , from southern members, who considered it a. curb on patronage pol- tics in the South. Wage-hour amendments, fought by the administration, made headway largely because of support of southerners who had persisted in demanding regional differentials which would permit the South to use its low labor costs to bid for ndustry. Finally, southern states pushed through to a showdown the social security amendments by. Senator Connally of Texas. They were designed to pour a larger portion of old age benefits southward. The net result has been a re- coupment of southern influence in the party and a substantial tempering of the labor laws whose effect, directly or indirectly, was to reduce the South's competitive advantage from its cheap labor. Not far from the trail to the Red Sea on which the Children of Israel fled Pharaoh, Egypt is building a strategic highway link to Palestine. constellation Perseus, which rises about midnight, constitute the annual Perseid Shower, which is associated with Turtle's comet. Grav- tational attraction of the sun and planets have pulled from the nucleus of Turtle's comet small particles which have been distrbuted in a ring clear around the comet's orbit around the sun. Every August the earth plunges into this ring of tiny meteorites, each on the aver- about the size of a grain of wheat. The meteorites become luminous by friction with our atmosphere. This ring is so thick that it requires 26 days for the earth to go through it. As the earth enters and leaves the ring our planet then encounters only the outer fringes and as a result we always see some meteors, but not very many, before and after August 11 and 12, on which dates the earth encounters the denser clusters of particles in the center of the ring and the more extensive showers then occur. * * * Dr. Robert A. Millikan, a leading authority on cosmic rays, says cosmic rays strike the outermost parts of our atmosphere at the almost inconceivably high energy level of 6 billion electron volts. This high energy corresponds closely to the energy to be expected if the whole of the rest-mass of the carbon atom were transformed into cosmic ray energy. Carbon is the most abundant element, excepting hydrogen and helium, in the nebulae. Dr. Millikan believes cosmic rays are created when simple elements are transformed into complex elements somewhere out in interstellar space. Soeae astronomers think we may ultimately use cosmic ray energy as a source of power for use in industrial plants. We need more and still, more, years.' power to meet %he demands of our increasingly mechanized civilization. We are using the coal and petroleum stored up in past ages, but these sources of energy, while large, are not inexhaustible. Scien- pointed to a tists are 'Studying the possibilities on the floor, of using the tides as a potential source of power, also certain agri- her, and now cultural products. The winds and uuconsolable. waterfalls contribute working energy in limited amounts. And now Dr. Arthur H. Compton, of the "University of Chicago, comes along with a statement that release of atomic power is not at all impossible and, for industrial use, is closer than ever before since the recent splitting of the uranium atom, heaviest of all the elements, which we recently described in this column. Dr. Compton believes the astronomer can help physicists try to make efficient on earth the methods used in the sun and stars for transmuting matter into energy. There is evidence that heat and light from the stars are produced by changes within the cores of atoms in much the same way that artificial radioactivity is created by atomic bombardment. energy equivalent to 70,000 horsepower, only one part in 200 million i is intercepted by the earth and other planets and their moons. The remainder spreads through interstellar space with little chance, so far as we know, of being recovered. The sun, according to Prof. Henry Nqrris Russell, will keep on shining for another 10 billion years. It will constantly grow hotter and every 100 million years the earth's temperature will be raised 1 degree -Fahr., so that by the year 100,001,938 A. D., if nothing happens to the earth in the meantime, the temperature on our planet will be 168 degrees instead of 68 degrees average as it is now. These high temperatures would melt the earth's polar icecaps, raise the level of the oceans many feet, and do many other things to our globe of which we now haven't the slightest 'conception. What Is Your News I. Q ? By The AP Feature Service Each question counts 20. A score oj 60 is fair, SO, good. 1. This man said, 'Til be against him in 1940." Whom did he mean? 2. U. S. must consult Panama before taking major steps to defend the canal. True or false? & What is the new name of Siam? 4. Recent birthdays: Authors Shaw and Tarkington; Mussolini and Henry Ford. Can you give the correct ages of any two? ' 5. Why is Francis B. Sayre going to Manila? Man About Manhattan By Gttrge Tucker NEW YORK, Aug. 7.—The old man-'who operated a tiny, untidy shop in the core of the lower east side for so' many years isn't there any more. And gone are his ghastly displays of tape-worms, which use to startle the citizens out of their wits, and sometimes their dinners, when they learned what those things were. Those jars were to frighten you. For he was a business man, and he sold patented cures for tapeworm victims. Yet it seemed at times if the old man was really fond of his "pets," as he called them. . . . "There's Joe, poor old Joe in that Now, this one is Daisy. Daisy has been with me five . It went on like tliat. glass. endlessly and forever. One day the neighbors found him weeping bitterly, all by himself in his little shop. They pressed him for a reason. Finally, between sobs, he pointed to a lot of shattered glass "Poor Thelma," he sobbed, "I accidentally dropped her, and now . . ." he trailed off, Of course, I did not witness this spectacle of grief, and so 1 cannot vouch for it. The man may have MORTGAGE INTEREST REDUCED Still greater advance in the construction of lower-priced homes by private individuals and contractors may be expected to follow'reduc- tion in the interest rate on mortgages Insured by the Federal Housing Administration. The cut Of one-half of ono per cent In Interest charges brings the rate for small homes down to A% per cent; for large-scale housing projects to 4 per cant, there is a great abuntf tial. It is noteworthy that the worst effects of the drought of 1939 to Housing, Wages, Security The admnistration request for $500,000,000 authorization for slum clearance was stalled by southern opposition which contended it was date have been felt in the East. p r i nc j pa iiy O f benefit to a limited Will we now hear that Pennsylvan-1 few big cities. The Hatch hill 1.0 outlaw "pernicious political aoiiviiios." of Federal employes was hardly to be classed as southern legislation, as it was initiated by the New Mexican senator whose name it. bore. Nevertheless it had heavy support ia and New York farms never should have been carved from primeval forests? Will it be said that New England terrain ncvc-r was intended to be fanned, but should have been devoted to nature in the raw? i droughts. But Easterners are cer- Perhaps not But Eastern com- i ia j n ] y suffering in the dry heat, ment upon the drought which burn- j Tne on j y t hjng they haven't exper- ed up Western farm acres several j iencec } to date is dust storms. years ago ran in a similar vein. It i rr^ZZZZHIZmil^ was said repeatedly that the West t "should be returned to the Indians j and the- buffalo. ; Rain probably will fall again cop- j iotisly in the East, just as it has j the West following many i in -LUNCH ROOMS & TAVERNS" Get our Prices on "BUTTERED POPCORN" By the Can (IT TASTES DIFFERENT) CAUFFMAN'S Cut Rate STORE 30 Krtst TVa«.hIr»KtoTi Street "People don't talk about war down in the hills of Tennessee where I come from. They got too much to do. They're busy farming and \vorking so hard. Lots of 'em don't take any papers so they don't know what's happening in Europe. And, anyway, when they get to talking they talk about livestock and farm problems. "It's good farming country where I am, 90 miles- from Knoxville. And it's good grazing country too—blue grass like in Kentucky. I have the. same farm I was borned on and my mother was borned on. My great, great granddaddy (his name was Coonrad'Pile) got it from-the Indians. "Besides farming I have two schools, the Alvin C. York Agricultural Institute and the Alvin C. York Bible School. I'm interested in getting some good education for the people down there because I didn't get much myself. I went to all the schools we had in my day and that was about three months a year for ten years I was educated in the 'university of hard knocks —that s what we call it. But my kids, they've always gone to school cignt months a year because things have changed. "When I came back from the war I decided that what we needed was some schools so for years I made cross-country lecture tours, telling people about how we didn't have much education, and raising money. In 1926 I had enough money to start my Agricultural Institute—we t'dbk in all ages. After that I got after the law-makers in the state, too, and now Tennessee's got a lot more schools and they all run eight months a year. We've got 304 soi- dents in our high school and 440 in the grades now. "Sure I belong to the American Legion, Mark TWain Post 137 in Jamestown, Tenn. That's my county seat. But we don't talk about war—-we do philanthropic work." —MARY MORRIS, AP Feature Service Photographer. WHO HE IS TF YOU remember the big push A ofthe Allies in 1918, you probably remember Sergeant Alvin C. York. A Tennesseean who didn't want to enlist in the U. S. Army because of religious principles, he accomplished the most amazing individual exploit of the war when, almost single- handed, he captured 132 members of a German machine-gun company. His unerring pistol shots mowed down 25 of the company. The others gave up. York himself is a descendant of German immigrants to the U. S. He has five sons and two daughters and doesn't think that's a particularly large family. He plans to send his children to college, expects his sons to become farmers, but won't object if they don't. York is 52, looks younger. He weighs 250 pounds, but doesn't'look fat — just strong. And he has the biggest hands you've ever seen. Speeding bits of hydrogen atoms are now believed to bring about disintegration of chemical elements and the release of vast amounts of energy. In the development of current concepts of the source of stellar energy it is believed that ss the various elements are broken up they give off helium ns the end product. From purely mathematical theories on the behavior of atomic nuclei when they are smashed by other atomic particles inside the sun and stars it is possible to explain why'many of the lighter elements—lithium, beryllium and boron—appear not to be in the sun to any great extent, for long ago they have been transmuted into helium, giving off radiation. For carbon in the sun a whole series of transmutations occur which release large quantities of gamma radiation and which end up by recreating the carbon again along with more helium. * * * Another source of power which astronomers and physicists eventually believe can be harnessed and put to industrial uses is the enormous energy thrown off by the sun, which sends out into space -1,200,000 metric tons of heat every second, or 1300 millions of millions of tons each year—for Einstein's theory postulates energy has mass. A solar cookei-, in which food is cooked by heat captured from the sun by means of mirrors, has been in use at Mt. Wilson Observatory in recent years. By similar methods been just a very good ham actor. There are stories circulating about the Orchard street neighborhood that some of his ''props 1 ' were strictly on the phoney side. For intsancc, they pointed out that next door was an Italian spaghetti store, and that perhaps Katie was just a long, gangling string of macaroni. But. what of it? The point 1 wish to make is, the old man is gone. Where, I don't know. No ones seems to know. One day ho was there. The next a sign said that "For Sail" was dangling in the breeze. The spelling is his own. Maybe he did go for a sail. Anyway, he gave a touch of novelty to a district where the unusual is commonplace and where the commonplace is abhorred. Sign in front of a Bowery barbershop: "Shoes shined inside." Now that is carrying fastidiousness too far. * * * The key to those mystery ships, freighters for the most part, lying in East river, is this. When they iirst arrive they are low in the water, their holds being ci-amraed with cargo. Next day they appear so huge as to be unbelievable. "This is because the holds are now empty and the ships are riding high in the water. (I didn't just figure that one out—a cop told me.) * * * You will, I'm sure, cheer through your tears for Deight Long, author of "Seven Seas on a Shoestring," who four years ago sailed out of Seattle in a 32-foot boat on a 'round-the-world cruise. A dog was his lone companion. After four years of storm and strife, he arrived in Now York without a mishap—and then wrecked his craft in a hurricane which slapped the Atlantic coast. It required some time to make it seaworthy again. He is enroute to Bermuda now, from which he will return to the west coast, marking the end of his around the world voyage. The south-bound Third avenue surface cars should remove those "To Post Office" signs. The- post office isn't there any more. Jt was torn down last winter to make way for an enlarged City Hall Park at Park Row (where all the New York newspapers used to have their offices) and Broadway. Incidentally when the post office was torn down it removed the most appropriately situated building in New York. For the post office was on—Mail street. JUST FOLKS By EDGAR A. GUEST YOUR POULTS Deserve the Best. CONKEY'S Y. O. TURKEY DEVELOPER Grows Thorn Out Faster. HOWARD'S 7 E. Baltimore St. Phone *0fi RADIOS REPAIRED All Makes — Reasonable Prices MONTGOMERY WARD A CO. West Wa*hJneton Street GROWN-UP-S DUTY The little fellow doesn't know The miles are sometimes far to go And care is oft a heavy load To bear along life's dusty road. Ho plainly thinks 'tis dear as day This world's a place wherein to play. He thinks, and very well he may. This life is just one round of play And young and old and one and all On whom his glances chance to fall Have nothing else all day to do But stop and play at peek-a-boo. Tis just as well he cannot see How patient we are asked to* be And doesn't know the heavy rare Which now and then we're forccc to bear. He hears our merry bits of song And thinks we're singing all da\ long. He's sure we are a merry lot For ever laughing near his cot; So far we've never let him know That there is such a thing as woe, And that, as it appears to me Is just the way it ought to be. — Second National Bank The Oldest Bank In Hagerstown Nervous disturbances caused by headache and neuralgia usually yield In a hurry to the quick-acting ingredient! In the "BC" formula. You'll iind that "BC" is moat effective as a sedatim in »lmpl» nervousness and for relieving th» discomforts of headache, neuralgia, muscular aches and functional periodic pains. Convenient lOc and 25c »Ues. When pains persist or recur frequently, consult a physician. BED TRAY& & BACK RESTS HARRY S. MYERS 53 North Potomac Street CONSULT US For complete details of available fire protection. R. M. Hays & Bros., Inc. Meilink Safes See us first when you need your USED CAR AUTO EXCHANGE HAGERSTOWN 934 S. Potomac St. Phone 1133 Save the Middleman's Profit $15.00 (O. P. O.) CRANE'S CLOTHES "Factory to You" 2!) South POTOIYWC Street Visit The New Wayside Furniture Mart 6 Miles West of Hagerstown NEAR GATEWAY INN PHONE 4C88 F3 L. Keller Carver, Mgr. OFFICE EQUIPMENT Hagerstown Bookbinding & Printing Co. TELEPHONE 2000—2001

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