Lake Charles American-Press from Lake Charles, Louisiana on December 5, 1965 · Page 27
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Lake Charles American-Press from Lake Charles, Louisiana · Page 27

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Lake Charles, Louisiana
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Sunday, December 5, 1965
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28 SUNPAy ' &EC - 5, 1965, Uke Chotlcs American Press CIA Secrecy Is Steady Source of Controversy The shadowy business of the Central Intelligence Agency, by its nature, demands secrecy. But In a finger-pointing, probe- conscious democracy there is constant pressure to lift the lid and have a look. Scarcely a day — or a coup — goes by that someone, somewhere does not accuse the CIA of murder or kidnaping, or bombing or blackmail or bribery or masterminding this in Tanzania or bungling that in Singapore—all the while strewing American dollars hither and yon. Since il is inherent in an intelligence apparatus not to confirm or deny anything, the claims, rumors and charges leave the public confused as to whether the agency is exceedingly good — or bad. The fact that it cannot answer for itself makes the CIA fair game for the wildest of charges and only occasionally does this iceberg of espionage surface: such as the U2 flights over the Soviet Union and the Bay of Pigs invasion. What, the CIA does concerns not only the Kremlin. It also concerns a number of critics in 'he United States. To them the CIA has gone too far into areas of foreign policy, has gone too rar into the woodwork to be properly monitored by the gov- DEAN RUSK 'Back Alley War' ernment it serves, has_dealt tow blows to our we-fight-fair-why- don't-the-others image. Has if? The CIA has many spies, few spokesmen. It doesn't talk. But a typical sampling of allegations which have been published in books and newspapers and which are part of the accepted picture of the CIA in many parts of the world provides such as the following: Allegation 1: —Two Syrians testified an American Embassy official offered them $2 million if they could deliver a Soviet naval patrol boat and Us rockets to Cyprus. He was asked to leave the country. They were hanged. Allegation 2: —The CIA has rigged elections in Laos. And an American newsman said he saw Communist and CIA agents literally bumping into each other while visiting Congolese parliamentarians to buy votes during a crucial vote of confidence. CIA agents adulterated a shipment of sugar aboard a Soviet freighter docked in Puerto Rico. The aim was to sour the Soviet sweet tooth on Cuban sugar. President John F. Kennedy became angered when he learned of it, and the sugar thereupon was destroyed by a mysterious fire. The activities of the CIA, .to fact or myth, mark the great distance U.S. intelligence has come from simpler pre-cold war days. As recently as 1929 then Secretary of State Henry Stimson disbanded the department's "Black Chamber" code-breaking operation saying, "Gentlemen do not read each other's mail." Less than two decades before the U2 and the Samos spy satellites, the government was asking its citizenry to send in any postcard it might have of Pacific scenes to aid the war against Japan. Just how much the United Slates may be spending on intelligence a year is anybody's guess. There are few estimates that go below $2 billion. Who needs it? The United States, says Secretary of State Dean Rusk, who adds that a "back alley war" is going on all over the world. To spurn its sordid, ruthless stealth runs the risk of falling victim to it. "We cannot safely limit our response to the Communist strategy of take-over solely to those cases where we are invited in by a government," wrote former CIA chief Allen. Dulles. "We ourselves must determine where and how to act." The command of this line of defense hides behind unmarked, pastel-hued doors in a woods- encircled, king-size new building in Langley, Va., outside Washington. It is anonymous save for the carved inscription "Ye shall know the tnith and the truth shall make ye free." No signs lead to CIA headquarters although its emblem, an eagle surrounded with the words "Central Intelligence Agency," is massively inlaid on the terrazo floor inside-the front entrance. Little Escapes CIA's Attention Basically work at the CIA is divided in two. There is "plans" which handles the agents who do the cloak and the djagger work. Espionage provides less than 20 per cent of the CIA's intelligence. The "intelligence" end concerns itself with everything rom technical journals, field ~eports and foreign publications o monitoring radio broadcasts :n more tlian 60 languages to the :une of 6 million words a day. From all this the agency •jrepares periodic ''national es- f jmates," predicting future svents around the world, and iaily digests of intelligence reports which are seen by the President and the secretaries of state and defense — and the A'orkaday printers who set them in type. The CIA's concern is catholic: How did Mao look at the last Deasant's parade, what is the a test in Soviet biological research, how many trains run jhrough Minsk each day. "It's one to know about trains," said an ex-agent. ''It's better to have a plant in the Politburo." The CIA man in the field may be rather openly attached to an y where he usually is the object of gossip, informed or otherwise. He may be underground or he may be a paid informer in the nation involved. Sudi "plants" start at about $100 a month, in part it keeps them from acquiring more yachts, mistresses and gambling debts than their normal salary would allow. The CfA recruits its agents from college campuses, tries to make career men and women of them and has had a high proportion of Ivy Leaguers. It wants the most normal, strongly motivated people avail able. Only one applicant in 10 is hired. Once in the field, the agent may observe, spy or decide to ! act. If things in a given country I look bad, he might say, "Let's j support Gustavus Adolphus, he's a middle-of-the road guy." J The agency then begins to plant propaganda, spend money, re' emit support. But, the CIA re- j portedly points out, none of this i can occur without approval of a policy agency in Washington j i outside the CIA. i ! This could be the U.S. Intelli- Igence Board — USIB — com-; ; posed of representatives of the various U.S. intelligence arms. ALLEN DULLES 'Strike First' — CIA, the Defense Intelligence Agency, made up of the separate armed services intelligence branches; the FBI, the Atomic Energy Commission and the National Security Council. Or it could come from the "Special Group", an ever-so-secret committee of the CIA director, the secretaries of defense and slate and their deputies and a high presidential adviser, lately Mo George Bundy. The USIB overseas operations and coordinates the various reports for the President. Dissents by minority view holders are permitted. Very hush-hush decisions are made by the Special Group. It reportedly knew but the USIB did not, for instance, about the Bay of Pigs. The CIA was formed in 1947 to bring the intelligence arms under one control. Has this been done and is there, Indeed, control? Some critics claim the CIA has been given authority over men and money far beyond any other U.S. agency. It has all but a blank check from the U.S. Congress. Its funds are hidden throughout the federal budget, presumably in the huge defense appropriations. About 20 well established congressmen of the Senate and House Appropriations and Armed Services committees are privy to CIA acts and spending. These subcommittees meet periodically in secret, hopefully at | least once a month, actually much less* DR. T. J. DELAUGHTER Baptist Speaker Carey Baptists Slate Speaker For ¥ Might WEST LAKE — Dr. Thomas J. Delaughter of New Orleans will be the featured speaker for "M" (Mobilization) Night to be observed Monday by the Carey Baptist Association. He is professor of Old Testament and Hebrew at the New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary. The meeting will be at the First Baptist Church in West Lake at 7:30 p.m., according to the Rev. Bill Billings, Carey Association Training Union director. Dr. Delaughter's sermon topic will be "Christ's Imperative Commission." The theme for "M" Night is "Toward Mature Disclpleship." Also scheduled to speak is the Rev. Wayne Wingate, educational director at Trinity Baptist Church, Lake Charles. He will speak concerning the New Member Orientation Program, which is new material for Training Union. "M" Night Is a special time for launching plans for the Training Union Program in Baptist churches for the com ing year. An attendance goal of 660 has been set by Carey Association, which included 41 churches. The convention attendance goal is 500,000. Some Activities Cause Friction Ultimately, the problem of supervision of the CIA comes to ! Jie desk of the President because it is to him the agency 'iltimately reports. So there is vet another board — the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, created in 1956 at 'he prompting of the Hoover Commission. "They (the FIABi sit back and act as a hair shirt rather than try and run the agency," said one of its alumni. The FIAB tries to meet once a month for a day or so examining what the CIA did or did not do. Once a year it receives a comprehensive written report. The CIA boasts, off the record, of being as tight-fisted as it is tight-ljpped. While the CIA director and field agents can distribute funds solely on their signatures, these vouchered PRESIDENT KENNEDY He Burned Ihe Sugar moneys are checked to the last! memo reasserting the ambassa- penny by the CIA's own audi- ; dors' primacy. tors Each station is on a budg- ; An ex-CIA official said if an et. If it is not producing, the ; ambassador objects to a CIA budget is gone over. The Special ; operation "the chances are 99 to Group audits larger budgetary 'l it won't happen." But two items. The Bureau of the Budg- j years ago a congressional comet also has six men who know roiltee reported "to a degree the the CIA's finances intimately I primacy of the ambassador is a and has an examiner at Langley I P^hle fiction." almost daily There have been reports of But there are critics who fear fame P° lite friction between the nut that the CIA has overdrawn State Department and the CIA, the Treasury but that it has Penally because their report- overgrown Us original territory i m B dunes sometimes overlap which was to collect and inter- if J »**?"* l , he f^ ™* "* in : fmdin ' out * s ()ne ( . ongressman and the State Department have jpul it6 .. whu js sk , t ^ ng wjth left the agency too involved with W | M!1 '• actual policy making. i Traditionally, the U.S. ambus- sador has been in charge of American operations in his par- 1 ticular country. Ambassadorial, 1 Yet the very existence of the protests that this is not always ! Defense Intelligence Agency so coaceraing the CIA was giv-S causes some concern m the CIA. en some credence in 19C1 when The DIA was created in 1961 to President Kennedy issued a i coord ina.te the reports of the Sf ting so closely as heads of r\ / n • i Defense RlVQI Army, Navy and Air Force intelligence branches, including the work of the military's Sa- BSOS spy satellites. Whether the DIA, with its 5,751 employes — unlike the CIA it reports that figure but buries its budget, which may be bigger than the CIA's — will come to have more in common with CIA than its initials remains to be seen. Some CIA voices would answer the only way to have a fine intelligence agency is to shut up about it. They have said the CIA is not secret enough, is too closely identified with the government overseas, should be more like the Secret Service in Britain where its head is not publicly known and where Daniel DeFoe, author of "Robinson Crusoe," had been dead 50 years before any one knew he was chief of English intelligence. In judging Uie CIA the public should consider the difficulty of the task undertaken, the agency has said in its defense, and not write off misfires automatically to incompetence. Its very secrecy makes it a handy scapegoat for other agency's mistakes. II has conceded two blunders and attributed them to amateurism, but says neither has been made public. Bright Moments Some of Us brighter moments have. In 1948 the CIA correctly predicted the Russians would not fight over the Berlin airlift. j It knew in advance of the Brit| ish-French intervention in the j Sue/., of the overthrow of Pre- 1 mier Kassem in Iraq, of a re- scent coup in a friendly Middle j East country although the U.S. i ambassador insisted it could not j happen. A year before Sputnik I (the CIA reported the Russians ! had the ability to launch a satellite. About a year ago the agency asked in some newsmen — a CIA first — and briefed them to the effect that the Soviet economy was in trouble. "We have as many Ph.ds studying the Soviet economy as any one in the world, maybe, Russia itself," said a former intelligence person. "I sometimes wonder what effect our report had on Khrushchev's departure." In any event, recent upheavals in the Soviet way of doing business would see to give the Ph.ds good marks. Prevented War? "The CIA is not as good as it should be," one who should know said recently. "But it is constantly improving. I don't think, any responsible intelligence officer is going to say it is as good as it should be until we know what our adversaries are going to do and the likelihood of any confrontation anywhere in the world. Russia may get more intelligence with the help of its Communist parties around the world, but I submit they have more trouble analyzing it. I think we are the best in the world in proving intelligence to our policy makers." But perhaps the final judgment of the CIA does not lie in adding up the black eyes and balancing them against the merit badges. Consider, rather, this: If lack of intelligence is a road to war, has the United States intensified use of it led away from war? "I shudder to think what sort of nuclear blackmail we would have been subjected to if we didn't have the U2s over Russia and Cuba," said the knowledgeable informant "If we hada't bad the CIA, I wonder if we would have even survived. And if we maintain our intelligence, it is just possible we can get through the rest of the century wiia just small wars." Week in Business Was Bright/Healthy NEW YORK (AP) - President Johnson predicted during the week & bright future for the nation's economy. And he told top business lead* ers that he expects a record level to be achieved In 1966 without inflation. The President discussed the outlook In an address by telephone to the Business Council in Washington from his Texas ranch. Johnson said there must be cooperation among business, labor and the government to avoid inflation. "Worktog together, they can build and sustain an economy unmatched in the history of man," he said. "Thus, with confidence in our future, with cooperation across the board, with common sense, unselfishness and wisdom, business, labor and government have sustained the longest peacetime expansion on record — 58 months of unbroken prosperity." Johnson added that during this period "we have been able to avoid inflation. Our prices have remained more stable than those of any Industrial nation in the world." The President said he and his economic advisers "are ever alert to danger signs" and that if any are detected "we will act accordingly." He appealed to the businessmen, who represent many of the top companies, to support the war effort in Viet Nam, The cost of living rose in October to a record 110.4 per cent of the 1957-59 average, the Labor Department reported. This was an advance of 0.2 per cent from September. It meant that consumers paid $11.04 for items that cost $10 in 1957-59. The index was pushed up by higher prices for all goods and services except food. After the report came out, Johnson called his economic policymakers — Treasury Secretary Henry H. Fowler, Federal Reserve Board Chairman William McChesney Martin, Budget Director Charles Schultze and Gardner Ackley, chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers — to a special meeting. This was interpreted at first in some quarters as an indica- tion that the President was concerned about the price spiral. But the White House said: "We don't consider inflation a major threat at this time, but the President's advisers always are watching the situation and studying it very carefully." The Labor Department reported the unemployment rate fell In November to 4.2 per cent of the labor force, the lowest in eight years. The number of unemployed totaled 2,966,000 and of employed 72.8 million. Harold Goldstein, assistant commissioner of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, s.aid the drop in the rate from October',3 4.3 per cent was not considered statistically significant but showed the continued year-long drop in unemployment. Factory orders for durable goods advanced to a record $22.4 billion in October, the Commerce Department reported. This was $2.8 billion, or 14 per cent, higher than in October 1964. The trend in durable goods orders is considered a key indicator because it shows the volume of future business expected. The automobile industry built an estimated 215,700 passenger cars during the week, well ahead of 175,817 the previous week when the Thanksgiving Day holiday trimmed output but Permit to Drill Exploratory Well Is Sought Pan American Petroleum Corp. has applied for a Department of the Army permit for drilling an exploratory well for oil production is Calcasieu Lake approximately 0.8 of a mile west of Grand Lake. The elevation of the highest point of the structures Is to be about 182 feet above mean low water. Plans for the proposed work are now on file in the office of the district, engineer in New Orleans. Protests, suggestions for modification or objections from the standpoint of navigation may be made to I he U.S. Army Engineer District, New Orleans. below tho 220,668 assembled a year ago. Automakers scheduled assembly of 920,000 cars in December. This would push assemblies for 1965 to 9,386,000 cars, up 21 per cent from 1964 and surpassing by 19 per cent the previous high of 7.9 million in 1955. Steel production in last-week's holiday-shortened week dipped to 2,064.000 tons from 1,084,000 the previous week. For tho year production totaled 120,645,000 tons against 114,035,000 In the like period last year. Construction spending in November increased to an annual rate of $68,524,000,000 from $67,671,000,000 in October. W. C. Simmons Retires From Firestone Post Wilbur C. Simmons, an em- ploye of the Firestone Synthetic Rubber and Latex Co. here, retired Dec. 1, after more than 21 years with the firm. A native of Grant, Simmons attended Northwestern at Natchitoches, earning a B. A. degree in 1928. He joined Firestone In 1944 as a laboratory technician and was later named junior chemical engineer, process control. He resides at 113 W. Claude St. W. B. Watson Is Named Agent For Prudential Woody B. Watson has been appointed a special agent with the Prudential Insurance Co. of America's Sidney L. Marks Agency, according to manager Sidney L. Marks. Watson will serve the Lake Charles area from Prudential's offices at 910 Ryan St. The McNeese graduate is a member of the Young Men*s Business Club, American Legion, Life Underwriters and the Lake Charles Association of Commerce. A resident of 1921 Second St., he has six years' experience in insurance in the area. "Season" your home to your taste... year 'round _ x^""i with a Flameless Electric Heat Pump A i all-electric heat pump gives you absolute control of your indoor climate— 12 months a year. It cools your home in the summer just as efficiently as it heats it in the winter. Through the wonder of electronic controls, the heat pump cools or heats automatically, as needed, depending on the weather. All you do is set the comfort* indicator to the temperature you prefer and the heat pump performs automatically to keep you comfortable. If you plan to build, buy or remodel, you'd be wise to consider a flameless electric heat pump—the central year 'round air conditioning system already selected by more than 6,000 families we serve. Financing Easily Arranged Title 1, FHA Home Improvement Loans are available for electric heat pump installations. For full details, see your heat pump dealer or call Gulf States, Something For Ev«ry Wonxw KPUC-TY Chqnnel 7 fglurdoyi 11:00 — 11:30 A.M. Featuring Joan Carter. •ult stale* Home EconomlM

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