Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois on July 9, 1975 · Page 8
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Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois · Page 8

Freeport, Illinois
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 9, 1975
Page 8
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AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER Published daily except Sunday and six legal holidays by The Freeport Journal-Standard Publishing Company FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD WEDNESDAY, JULY 9, 1975 FREEPORT, ILLINOIS Government Regulation In a recent address to a group, President Ford wanted against over-regulation by government of business, and by implication of other activities of private citizens. Over-regulation is no doubt quite as harmful as no.regulation at all. And since regulation comes as the result of a popular clamor to "do something" about an abuse which may be real or imagined, there is clearly a very large measure of responsibility.upon the regulators, whether they are elected officials, or members of commissions appointed by elected officials in the executive or legislative branches. , The responsibility goes farther and deeper than that. It rests ultimately on the people themselves, who must have enough intelligence to understand what seems to be a real abuse.,Otherwise the regulation will accomplish nothing beyond possible alleviation of symptoms without discovering or attacking the real causes of the abuse. . » This is easy to talk about .but hard to accomplish, for the fact is that the people have an abiding, almost pathetic Confidence in gov- • ernment and in what it can do, even without much if any cooperation from the people themselves. . The truth, of course, is that the regulators, like most bureaucrats, are not all-wise, special, people, but plain .folk' like everybody else,' appointed'to correct abuses which have been created by other 1 plain people. In many cases they are true idealists, like those who firmly believe that inter-area busing of pupils between school districts is not ^ only expedited for racial integration, but in need of the -most"rigid en : * forcement. , • . • s . • In the realm of business, the road to disaster has often been paved with lost illusions. It was thought that if the railroads, with their power of control over transportation, could be. forced to charge lower rates, the public interest would be served and the railroads would still continue serving passengers and shippers as well as ever. But a combination of too, arbitrary control and the evolution of new forms of competition, much of it subsidized by taxes, all but destroyed the railroad nexus of the nation. ' ' '. Making It Possible The best evidence of support for the Freeport July 4th program at the Stephensoh, County Fairground is the overflow crowd which, according to consistent reports, enjoyed the program and the fireworks. We don't think some disappointment over the financial response should be interpreted as a lack of willingness on the part of the public to sustain such observances. In effect the community is paying for the privilege of having such a program through its Chamber of Commerce, its city, its county and its Park District, all responsible for helping produce the holiday entertainment. Two service organizations, Rotary and Kiwanis,' assisted with ticket sales. True, there is a -need to accumulate a fund for the bicentennial celebration and, as one alderman suggested Monday night, now is a good time to ask the public to contribute to such a show, with the memories of last Friday still fresh. ! "Given the considerable chance for adverse weather in view of the unsettled conditions lately, the jammed parking lots and the crowded boulevards on South Street and elsewhere rewarded the organizers wjth a "full house" although many were not paying customers. The sense of having something approaching "a good old fourth" was thus achived and we are indebted to the people who pushed and kept pushing for making it possible. Perhaps it will not be as challenging to rekindle the interest next year. New Hampshire Blues The Granite State, as New Hampshire has always called itself, is suffering from a number of ills. One is-the inability to elect a U.S. senator without making the race so close that the loser can claim that the count of ballots was inaccurate. The other is that it has in Gov. Meldrim Thomson Jr. an executive of capricious views and ec-, centric projects. ... • The senatorial race bids fair to go«on forever or until both candidates are insolvent and the taxpayers have contributed up to a million for settling the political battle between the political parties they respectively represent. Handing the contest over to the U.S. Senate proved, as might have been guessed in advance, an excellent way of getting nowhere. , The parties have each contributed something to achieve the goal of , each, which is to gain one more vote out of a total of 100, which • might prove conclusive on some future occasion when the issue of an . approaching vote is doubtful. During the long period when neither party can triumph over, the other, neither can be victorious, which seems to both better than nothing. Of course the whole farcical episode tends to raise the question of updating the.structure of the U.S. Senate, which was originally postulated on the concept that the several states were more sovereign and separate than they are today. From a total of 13 colonies we have evolved into a union of 50 states of diverse size and character, each with the right to send two senators to, the u.S. Senate, It no longer makes sense to have New Hampshire or Delaware proportionally more powerful than New York or'California in passing or blocking legislation. But the little states will fight like tigers to prevent such a reform, and though they will eventually lose out, the issue will not be decided for years. As for the governor of New Hampshire, who says he would prefer Wallace to Ford as a presidential candidate, and favors equipping the state police with nuclear weapons, simply to be stocked but not used at any foreseeable time, he is a puzzler, It is a solemn thought that he was elected to govern the people of a state which includes Grover's Corners, the typical American small community popu- - larized in Thornton L. Wilder's "Oiy Town," which is this summer being revived by the Stratford, Conn., summer theater. What Other Ed/tors Say An Orwellian Vision (Wall Street Journal) A Mount Holyoke College sociologist, speaking at a crime and delinquency institute in Minneapolis recently, said behavioral science has reached the point where it would be technically feasible to eradicate criminality. The professor, Richard Moran, was well aware of the Orwellian implications of the methods he described, such as implanting electronic devices in the brains of the crime prone to monitor their movements. It would always be possible for a coercive government to apply such techniques for purposes of political control, he observed. But he also noted that when crime threatens public security seriously • enough, the right to privacy can be relegated to secondary importance. The willingness with which travelers have submitted to antihijacklng inspec- ','tions at airports supports that point. A NEW YORK - Every'tlme a sane man begins to'wonder whether the left hand knows what" the right hand is doing in this country, he 'has to conclude either .thatt(a)' he is not so sane afte'r all, or (h/ the left hand has no idea what the right hand is doing, and vice, versa.- ;•",, > Take the combined .trahsportation- energj situations .as only one In. comprehensible example r • - Here's Secretary of Transportation William T. Coleman Jr., who sounds much like a voice of embattled intelligence amid a; babble .of Incoherence, proclaiming the sensible proposition that cities like New York.; with major rapid transit systems, ought to consider the possibility of lower fares for low-income persons, financed by higher fares'for the most-affluent riders: ' ;...', . • :.^. v .. - And here's President Ford sending tp CpngreWa'prpppsal that the states be allowed totake over one ce'nt of the present idur-cents-per-galloh -Federal .tax on gasoline, with the proceeds to be used by the states fpr transportation purposes, including4he development of mass transit - although no state would be bound to use the one-cent tax for mass.transit. ' , /. . ; T And here are^Fprd and the Demo- TOM WICKER cratic Congress battling it out over an appropriate .program to conserve .energy,, with neither side courageous enough to impose a stiff new gasoline tax but with both paying lip service' to * IT'S NOT REALISTIC THE TRACK* ARE TOO GOOD." JAMES KILPATRICK Children Will Not Be Fooled By-Fakery In 'New' Standards WASHINGTON - The Macmillan Publishing Company delivered itself the other day of a policy statement expounding "today's egalitariaii standards." The statement sets forth guidelines for textbooks that are to govern its authors and illustrators henceforth. ,The purpose is "to maintain sexual and racial balance in every item we publish." :•.,,.•',• The company's statement is likely to ;be received in most quarters, publicly at least, with the kind of fulsome and ' dutiful praise extended by Pravda to the utterances of Mr. Brezhnev or, for that matter, by, the American Conservative Unioi0to' the utterances of Mr. Reagan. In the popular view of "today's egalitarian standards," Macmillan has said and done the right thing: The publishers have confessed 1 their sins, repented, and embarked upon a new life. They are born-again egalitarians. A holy spirit moves within them. Permit, if you will, a dissenting view. Macmillan's 'guidelines ought 'to .. be denounced for what they are: a willful exercise in intellectual dishonesty. The company is insisting that its textbooks depict society not as it is, but as . the publishers, in the fantasies of their "newly raised consciousness," ( would like it to be. Their purpose in producing textbooks is not primarily to teach, to. inform, to instruct, or to educate, but to propagandize for a new social "order. . ; ' The guidelines begin with a preface by Dr. Matina S. Homer, president of Radcliffe College. She speaks for those who are struggling for a "more egalitarian society." The achievement of :such a society is hampered by the "tyranny of the norm," which is to say, by a tyranny that seeks to enforce upon young people irrelevant, inaccurate, and outdated stereotypes about the roles they are expected to play. . The New Society Dr. Horner would abolish such norms. Through a process of education to counteract the stereotyping, she would rid society of false notions, for example, of what is manly or womanly. In the new egalitarian society, a woman who exhibited "competition, independence, intellectual, competence, and leadership" no longer would be regarded as a victim of mental instability. Macmillan's editors are r'aring to go'. They offer examples of their new publishing philosophy. Because more than one-half of the population is female, illustrators should see that females are represented appropriately hereafter. In the bad old days of textbook illustration, a drawing might have appeared of "mother sewing while dad reads." Under the new egalitarian standards, Macmillan wants a drawing of "mother working at her desk while dad reads or clears the dining room table." Sinful Past In the sinful past, an unregenerate illustrator, his consciousness not yet raised, might have depicted "mother bringing sandwiches tq dad as he fixes the roof." No more! New textbooks will, depict "mother fixing the roof." Once a textbook might have shown "boys playing ball, girls watching." Such inaccurate, irrelevant and outmoded depictions are now condemned. Macmillan decrees "both sexes playing ball; sometimes boys watching a girls'team play." Macmillan is not bothered by intellectual fraud: "We are more interested in emphasizing what can be, rather than the negatives that still exist. . . The fact that black persons do not yet hold a proportionate share of executive positions should not prevent us from depicting a sizable number of blacks as executives." Now, for the record, there is, of course, much in Macmillan's position that is admirable. It is perfectly true that for generations our textbooks ignored Negroes, depicted feathered Indians in tepees, put blankets on indolent Mexicans, and consigned darling little lily-white girls to the endless baking of cherry pies. It is altogether desirable to.abandon or to modify practices both cruel and stupid. But the wrong is not corrected, it is merely reversed and compounded, by imposing educational policies depicting a fantasy world. Are we to imagine a baseball team consisting of three white girls, two black girls, three white boys, and a Chinese shortstop? Children are wiser than we think. Looking .at such an illustration, children will not say, "What a beautiful egalitarian ideal!" They will say, "What a fake!" Washington Star Syndicate the necessity '/for making consumers pay more ilearly for energy - hence using less. T ' : \ All that being the case, why should both the Ford administration and the pemocratic Congress be cooperating in vastly expanding expenditures for the interstate highway system, when the 'least schoolchlld knows that automobiles account for the most prbfli- gate wastage of energy in America, and that the interstate highway system not only encourages the unrestricted use of automobiles but most thoroughly discourages the use of 'alternate, energy-conserving modes of transportation? , But that is exactly what is happening. As detailed in the New York Times by Edwin L. Dale Jr., the Ford administration decided last December to permit $4.6 billioiTto be spent in fiscal 1975 from the Highway Trust Fund on remaining links of the Interstate system. State matching funds would have substantially increased that total. Job-Creating Stimulus In February, as the recession deep-' ened and'the administration became (relatively) concerned about unemployment, Ford ordered that another $2/billion,! for a total of $6.6 billion, be released from the trust'fund to spur construction. Then, in April, when Ford, proposed that the rest of the $9.1 billion then accumulated in the trust fund continue to ; be "deferred," the Senate under the' new Congressional budget procedures voted instead to release the total, as a job-creating stimulus to the economy. -.' ,. , Between that vote and the end of the fiscal year on June 30, the states managed to claim $1.2 billion of the $9.1 billion total; added to the previously released $6.6 billion, that brought approved new spending for fiscal 1975 on the interstate highway system to $7.8 billion. And it leaves $7.9 billion still "released" and available for the states to claim in the ioming fiscal year, together with the; revenues constantly coming into the trust fund from the gasoline tax. Congress also passed a special law relieving the states from paying th.eir share for much of the highway-building program: That will have the neat effect of urging the states to embark on new, federally funded highway construction projects. Decreasing Reliance • V' The results are insane. WhilelSecre- tary Coleman desperately casts about for some means of propping up hard- pressed mass transit systems, while Ford proposes means by which the states at least could have optional funds to pour into mass transit, while both President and Congress talk about -'while all that is going on, both President.and Congress cooperate mindlessly in providing an enormous new stimulus to interstate highway construction, the single expenditure 'most' nearly calculated to increase automobile usage, hence energy wastage, as well as "decrease public reliance on mass and inter-city, transit. ^ •'.•'. Jobs, are certainly .needed, and the highway trust fund Is there, .with ample money to be spent without the fuss and bother of Congressional 'appropriation. But why, it has to be asked, could not the $7.8 billion author-. ized in fiscal 1975, and the $7.9 bill&n now available for fiscaU976 (plus ne> revenues) not have been dedicated -at least in substantial degree - to job- creating programs that might have improved mass and inter-city transit rather than setting them back? .', Why could not some of that money have, been poured, for example, into putting unemployed young people to work repairing intercity roadbeds, or, renovating'mass transit stations? Why could not more of it have been invested in decent modern rolling stock for Amtrak, and still more used to provide cities with small, energy-conserving buses for off-peak hours or low-use lines? Almost any project of that kind would make more sense than providfng more running'room for more gas-guzzlers to waste more energy and pollute more air. But since when did American politics have anything to do with making sense? ' • New York Times Service C. L SULZBERGER A One-Legged Stool MADRID - The Spanish army is the sole effective political institution that has survived almost four decades of 'Francoism, although it intensely dislikes being considered political in any sense. Yet it cannot elude this description. For years, Spain could be viewed as a three-legged stool \yith Franco fJerched on top. The legs, which balanced each other and v afforded the chief of state a firm seat; were respectively the Catholic Church, the increasingly influential business community, and the army. But the church has steadily disengaged since 'John XXIII's papacy and is no longer a major factor in politics. The business community never proved to be a cohesive force. So, in the absence "of a pluralistic party system, normal trade unions and with the ideological disintegration of the single party, the army is pushed into a,position it pretends to abhor. , Yet it was, after ajl,.the army .which projected Franco to power. And Franco's own career seemingly confirms the witticism of Salvador de Madariaga: ' "The ambition of every Spanish general is to save his .country by becoming her ruler." General staff officers here, who bridle at the liberal historian's, mordant remark, contend that Franco is more than a general, above all a "National Chief." However, they add it is time for the old leader to withdraw and let the country catch up politically to its social and economic evolution. The Spanish army sees no ground for comparison between itself and the Portuguese army, which joined Communist leaders. "There could never be an armed forces movement here," one officer to|d me. Another added: "At least not. for years." - ( Spain's officer corps is largely middle class,- partly aristocratic, 1 wholly professional. This country has fought no recent colonial wars and didn't need conscript officers. It is proudly claimed that discipline is such Letters TO THE EDITOR Responds To Article On Women's Right's Editor Journal-Standard: I would like to respond to the copyrighted article from the N.Y. Times Service which your paper published on page 15 of the July 5th issue. It was titled "Women's Rights Has Competition." It involved two particular ."courses" (my quotes) entitled "Fascinating Womanhood" and "Total Woman." The article stated that these courses "assures them (women) that the way to gain happiness and fulfillment is to give husbands endless devo- Lotters to the Editor must be signed when submitted and addresses given. The newspaper encourages readers to express their opinions but it resen es the right to reject letters which are considered llbelous, In bad taste, not in the public interest or Illiterate. All letters are subject to condensation. Names of writers of letters on controversial subjects may sometimes be withheld. The newspaper encourages Identification of letter writers but names will be withheld If the request Is deemed justifiable, A UW-word limit to letters Is encouraged. tion, endless admiration, and complete acceptance." There were numerous Biblical references made in the article and in the books of the same titles, which are of doubtful and controversial interpretation. I would like to respond, however, as a male member of our human species.' I, have read both of these books. I found them to be degrading of both males and females. They lead women to be less than what they could .actually be and they teach women to be dishonest and manipulative* of the husband. As a male I found these books, with their philosophies, to be insulting to me as a person. They give the picture that a man's ego and psychological stability are so weak that he must be lied to and manipulated to survive. I would suggest to anyone tempted to spend the money for either of these books to also buy Charlotte Holt Clinebell's book "Meet Me In The Middle." Read them both and decide for yourself. / , WILLIAM W. PEEBLES Winslow that neither a Nasser nor a Papadopoulos could arise. ( ... This having been said^ more, than one Spaniard considers the- corps;« frustrated group of men'leading an army that lost nearly all its foreign wars, resents its exclusion from NATO and!its total dependence on U.S. material support. And it just isnlt free iqf politics. ,- i, Only last year, the chief of'the.High General Staff, Gen. Manuel Diez- Alegria, was abruptly fired for polifi- ' cal reasons. Franco didn't much care for his contacts with opposition figures. ' •" .,. . ' ,„ Diez-Alegria, with government ptjr- mission, visited Bucharest,in 1974 at the invitation of Nicolae Ceauses'cu, the Romanian boss. Shortly after his return he was retired when Franco rV ceived a secret report claiming Alegria had met privately, with- CeauseseuSs friend, Santiago Carillo, head of the illegal Spanish Communist party. At$a party, Alegria denied this to me as "a total lie." '-' >. >.:''-A.; •> ^ ''There are some who say franco recognized in Diez-Alegria a man wh'o might have been able to lead a military putsch comparable to the Portuguese coup of General Spinola. I doubt thi5; Diez-Alegria was, sympathetic only toja minority of younger officers. C Nevertheless, he is often talked of as a possible figure in a post-Franco goVr ernment under King Juan,Carlos: as^ja consultant on international affairs or foreign minister. Now 69, he is rarely mentioned for a top executive post such as premier or defense minister (ii position that doesn't yet exist). ' jS The officer corps seemingly hopejj Franco will go soon and be swiftly suj£ ceedediby Juan Carlos. The army bojfc ses favor a government headed by ?& mildly liberal conservative'like Fraga-; Iribarne, present energetic ambassador in London, the brilliant Count MoJ- ,rico, former ambassador in .Washing* ton and Paris - or even continuing the present Incumbent, Premier Arias. *! One officer observes: "Fraga has !| personality sympathetic to the army,;a[ sense of authority." That doesn't souhel like advocacy of drastic change* merely modernization'and some reg -form. And that is what the army wants. ••.. :• .,• ',. • ,.'. ;•; •>!. It remains strongly anti-Communist* a sentiment sharpened by Portugue^ events. It could be expected to intefS vene-against any Marxist attempt $ gain a governing voice. It is ala$ strongly royalist and has swung dec'is sively behind the cause of Juan Carlos and against his father, Don Juan, who made a recent effort to revive his owtf claims. >? The Spanish army is far from Deing! a radical, innovative force as in Portipj gal, Greece or Egypt. But whether Ift wants to be in politics or not, it ines^ capably is. For it is the only remaining; leg of the power tripod that will prof up the state at the moment Francl goes. New York Times Service 1 J EDITORIALS AND COLUMNS r * The opinions of The Journal-^ Standard are expressed in the'1 editorial columns on the left-hand<J side of the page. ••, The opinions expressed by the*' various syndicated columnists.^ are their own, and no endorse-;* ment of their various views -« whicji often conflict - should be^ inferred. -2

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