TWO THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, PAropR, TUESDAY EVfcNiNG, «TUNB 2, 1936. STATES CONFINED BY OWN SOVEREIGNTY Apparently the states of this Union are to be saved frorq the encroachments of federal power whether they like' it or not. The Supreme Court decision throwing out the nnmicipal bankruptcy act enshrines the sovereignty of JKe states in a higher sphere of untouchability than the stajtes themselves are likely to want. This fact, it is worth remembering, did not involve any radical new conception of the function of government, as did such measures as the NRA and the AAA. It was not part of an attempt to erect a new philosophy qf government. It was simply a means by which local units \tfeve to be rescued from an intolerable financial situation. At the beginning of 1934, slightly more than 2,000 cities, counties, and other political subdivisions were in default on their bonds. The face value of the bonds in default ran to approximately a billion dollars; the governmental units involved were scattered across 41 states. Something had to be done. The debtors could raise no more money, and the creditors could collect no more. "A creditor could, indeed, go to court and get a mandamus writ ordering the debtor to tax, but where the tax values were exhausted—as was often the case—this was a meaningless gesture. ' The state legislatures could give no help. Under the Constitution they can pass no laws impairing the obligation of existing contracts. A state insolvency act, therefore, could do nothing to obligations already incurred. Unless the federal government could help, no one fould'. ' "So Congress passed the municipal bankruptcy act. This provided that a local unit of government which was in default could readjust its debt to its capacity to pay, under very definite limitations. It had to have the consent of two-thirds of its creditors; it had to have the approval of a federal judge; and it had to have the consent of the state in which it was situated. This is the law which the Supreme Court has just nullified, on the ground that it is an infringement on state sovereignty. Behold, now, the odd tangle in which the ruling leaves us. Here was a case in which the states, under the Constitution, were specifically prevented from acting. The action provided for in the law could be taken only with the specific consent of the states involved. And yet the law is thrown out on the ground that it impairs state sovereignty. Chief Justice Hughes has remarked that the Constitution is what the judges say it is. The judges have spoken, in this case, to the effect that state sovereignty is a higher and holier thing than the states themselves had supposed or desired; a thing \vhich, in this case, looks remarkably like a straitjacket. —B. C. PUZZLED? Write to Daily NEWS information service in Washington, D. C. *s' —rrea eric J/H askiir A COLUMN Of Facts you have often wished to see in print. Read it daily! A reader can eet the answer to nny question of fact by writing thp Pampa Daily NF.tVS* Infor- natioB Bureau, Frederic ). Haskln, director, Washington, D. C. Please cni'lnse three (3) cents for reply. Q. How long did it take to build the Cathedral of Florence. Italy? W. F. B. j A. Founded in 1296, the cathedral | was under construction about 200J years. 1 Q. Please name the American- born grand opera stars. M. T. A. Among the American-born men and women now in grand opera are the following: Lawrence Tibbelt, baritone; Mary Lewis, soprano; Grace Moore, soprano; Gladys Swarlhoiri. soprano; Carmela Pon- .selle, mezzo-soprano; and Hosa Ponselle, .soprano. Q. At what price was tea selling and what tax was imposed at the time of the Boston Tun Party? W. K. C. A. Tea was sold for approximately $5 a pound, depending on the quality, at the time of the Tea Party, and the tax was three-pence (about 6 cents) per pound. Q. Do Japanese royal persons sit facing in a certain direction? N. N. A. Japanese persons of high rank always sit facing south. Q. What is the present population of the United States? R. M. D. A. The latest estimate which is for July, 1935, gives a population figure of 127.521,000. Q. Why is the la:ger share called the lion's share? T. M. A. It has its origin in one of Aesop's Fables. Several beasts join a lion in a hunt. Wh»n the spoils were divided, the lion claimed one- quarter as his prerogative; one for his superior courage; one for his dam and cubs; "and as for the fourth, let who will dispute it with me." Q. When will the Berkshire Music Festival be held? E. W. G. A. The third annual Berkshire Symphonic Festival will be held August 13, 15. and 16 near Lenox and Stockridge, Massachusetts. The Berkshires are an outstanding summer music center. At this time the Boston Symphony Orchestra will give three symphony concerts. Q. Where do the Keys quadruplets attend college? S. D. BEHIND THE SCENES IN WASHINGTON • BY RODNEY DUTCHER- NEA Service Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON.—Voters in the congressional elections this year will do fheir customary job of "electing" members to the Washington lobby. Defeating an unsatisfactory congressman doesn't mean that you must have him back home. Chances usually are better than even that he will stay right in Washington and capitalize on his influence, friendships, and past favors to others by hiring out to special interests as a fixer or lawyer-lobbyist. In case any of the folks back in the Fotith district of Oklahoma, for instance, have been wondering what ever became of Tom McKeown, a lame duck of the 1934 vintage, they would have learned something by following the progress of the Van Nuys amendments to the bankruptcy law. These amendments originally provided that creditors bringing a receivership suit against a company must represent 5 per cent of the concern's total indebtedness. Three bondholders had brought such suit under the old law against Howard C. Hopson's $900,000,000 Associated Gas & Electric Co. The suit is still in litigation in the New York federal courts. It was obvious enough to the A. G. E., at least, that if the Van Nuys amendment could be made retroactive, the suit would have no standing. •McKeown got busy. As a former veteran, high-ranking member of the powerful House Judiciary committee, he was able to work effectively with former colleagues and other friends. Into the measure went the "retroactive" clause. A certain sharp-eyed lawyer in New York caught it— otherwise it would have become law. McKeown was taxed by an acquaintance with lobbying for it on behalf of A. G. E. Solemnly he protested that the change had nothing to do with A. G. E.—that he was working for the "common good." But when Van Nuys had the Senate snatch the amendments back from the House for further scrutiny and held hearings at which it was shown the Associated suit would be affected, McKeown appeared openly as an A. G. E. representative—and another exhibit of how the lobby system works here. A. The girls are juniors at Baylor university in Waco, Texas. Q. Why were there thirteen stars in the Confederate flan? C. ft. A. The Confederacy hoped for a total of thirteen member States at the time the flag was adopted. Only eleven seceded, but the number of stars was kept. Q. Did the Ho.oi. Navajo, ApachD, and Pueblo Indians of Arizona have n werri for gold? S. McC. A. These tiibes had no knowledge of gold prior to contact with the Spanish, and consequently had no word for it. Subsequently they have either adopted the Spanish word, oro, in some corrupted pronunciation, or utilized a descriptive term such as red rock. The term rock was auolled to both metnl and ore as they lincl no word for the latter. Q. Wiis Abraham Lincoln ever defeated when running for office? M. C. A. He wns defeated once—the first time he ran for an office. This was in 1832 when he ran for a seat in the Illinois legislature. Two years Inter he was elected and served four tetms in the legislature, but was not a candidate for re-election. He served one term as a rep- resentativs in Congress, but was not a candidate again. He was twice elected President of the United States. Q. Do the dust storms in the New England states originate in the West? S. B. A. Soil chemists of the United States Department of Agriculture found that dust which fell in the Februaiy brown snow in New Hampshire and Vermont probably originated in Oklahoma, Texas, or Kansas. It showed the proportion of lime that distinguishes southwestern soils. It was estimated that the storm deposited 31 pounds of dust an acre in the area where the snow fell. Q. Did Jonathan Swift leave his money to an asylum? Was he ever insane? H. H. A. During the last years of his life, Swift was hopelessly insane and, at his death in 1745, left his property for an asylum for lunatics and incurables. Q. What college had the first separata department of drama? H. L. K. A. The first Department of Drama, a school acting, direction, and design, was inaugurated at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pitttburgh, in 1913. The following year a beautiful theater was built for the Department of Drama. Q. Why do some of the crack trains have an extra headlight pointing upward? A. H. S. ( A. The Bureau of Locomotive Inspection says that several of the fast trains have an additional headlight which throws a beam of light into the sky as an extra warning. When a train is coming around a bend, the ordinary headlights are not always visible to individuals on the other side of the curve. Hence, the use of the upward headlight. Q. What is the name of the railroad which ciosses southern South America? S. T. B. A. It is the Transandine Railway, which extends from Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Valparaiso, Chile. Q. What nation consumes the most fish? T. A. A. The Japanese people catch 35 per cent of all the fish caught in the world and, after exports, consume 25 per cent of the world's fish catch, according to Grover Clark's book, The Balance Sheet of Imperialism. Q. What did the investigation of the Indian mummy found in Mammoth Cave prove? J. W. T. A. Investigation concerning the mummified remains of the Indian is still continuing. The University of Kentucky, the National Park Service, and the Smithsonian Institution are all Investigating the find. They believe that the Indian was a miner, as was shown by the tools he carried with him. Q. Can color be transmitted by telegraph? E. H. M. A. A new machine, the Colorcable, developed by Howard Ketcham, New York color engineer, is capable of transmitting over 300,000 visible colors over regular telegraph or cable communications. Q. When did fender lamps first ^appear on Fierce-Arrow cars? N. H. A. This distinguishing feature was added to the 1914 models. Q. How many plastic surgeons are there in the United States? E. B. T. A. Many set up claims, but good ones are few. It is estimated there are about foity or fifty. THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS Published evenlnfts except Saturday and Sunday tnorhinj by Pampa Daily NEWS. 322 West Poster, Pampa, Texas. JAMES E. LYONS, Gen. Mgr.; PHILIP B. POND, Business Mgr.; OLIN E. HINKLE, Managing Editor MEMBERS OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.—Full Leased Wire. The Associated Press is exclusively erN titled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to Or not otherwise credited in this newspaper and also the local news published herein. All rights for re-publication of special dispatches herein also are reserved. Entered as second-class matter March 15, 1927, at the postoffice at Pampa, Texas, un'der the Act Of March 3. 1879. One Year One Year One Year SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS: By Carrier In Pnfnpa Six Months $3.00 One Month $.60 One Week $.15 By Mail in Gray and Adjoining Counties Six Months $2.76 Three Months $1.50 One Month $,60 By Mail Outside Gray And Adjoining: Counties .$7.00 Six Months $3.75 Three Months $2.10 One Month $.76 .$G.OO .$5.00 NOTICE—It is not the intention of this newspaper to cast reflection upon the character of anyone knowingly and if through error it should, the management will appreciate having attention called to same, avid will gladly and fully correct any erroneous statement made. OUT OUR WAY - By WILLIAMS BOOTS AND HER BUDDIES I'M ASHAMED OF-' YOU, LEAVIN' A KID THAT 5IZE f?UN YOU HOME —RIGHT INTO TH ' HOUSE/ WHY,THAT'S TERRlgLE, BEIN 1 SCAIRT TOTAN&LE WITH A RUNT LIKE THAT. SURE I AM.' I DON'T WANNA HAVE TO WASH A&IN T'DAY. THE RUB-OFF 193fi BY NEA SERVICE. INC. T. M. REG. U. S. PAT. OFF Life Salad By]MARTIN Andrew W. Mellon, former secretary of the Treasury and one of the world's wealthiest men, recently discussed the political campaign and the Republican party's prospects with an old friend. He urged the need of harmony, of "working together," insisted that the G. O. P. was the dominant party, and said that the independents and progressives could be attracted back into the fold this year by a few concessions. Mellon may not have been as far off base as most New Dealers would suggest. If you will check the long list of the national advisory committee of the "National Progressive League for Franklin D. Roosevelt" as of 1932, you will find that about half the members are now against the New Deal. A few of the deserters will vote the Socialist ticket, )but most of them would be willing to accept any Republican candidate who made a pretense of liberalism. . It's a good bet that the 1936 campaign will see two special "progressive" committees, one Republican and one Democratic. The item about the Englewood, N. J., young woman who plunged from above into the lap of a young man is Another instance of the perils of leap year. With all those multiple births, a modern expectaiijt father is afraid to ask the doctor, "Is it a boy?" for fear - answer will be, "Well, three of them are." I I \\'Z> GQfKNO \ VUXUR^-b, I QOVTfc ''CVYt: OF GOING BOX ,UFE l-b UW.E lAIVo TO OP B\T OF "\\AKY I A LVTTLE OF •Yr\\W>6 — ^>OT, TOO HOCW OF T\A\\0>6 SPCHY.'b \\ /\VV. OP UOIMfe, UVdt T. M. RFC. II. S. PAT. ©1936 BY NEA SERVICE, INC. FRECKLES AND HIS FRIENDS Poodles Thinks Otherwise By BLOSSER MYRA NORTH, SPECIAL NURSE By THOMPSON AND COLI, Lane and Lew Share Honors THE EECEPT/OM IM CELEBRATION OF UBANIA'5 VICTORY 13 A GALA AFFAIR, AMP JACK. 15 HAILED THE MEEO OF THE WOUR. FEIEND5-THE HONORS OF THIS OCCA5IONJ REALLY SHOULD GO TO LEW WENJ, WHO BROUGHT ME OF THE SECEET ATTACK -HIS REASON, i po NOT KNOW, BUT — GENTLEMEN, VOU HAVE RENDERED, PAR.POM.BUT TIME HAS COME FOR MY COUNTRY A MOST IMVALUABLE EXPLASJATIOW — FOR THE RIGHTS TO OPERATE SERVICE - 1 CANNOT ADEQUATELY VALUABLE DIAMOND -MINE5, W/ HONOEABLE THANK YOU, BUT WHATEVER YOU COUNTRY \-=> AfslXIOU& TO PAV HANCPSOME IS ONE 1 SLIGHT FAVOR, YOUE MAJESTY- . MAY DE5IEE, t£> YOURS SUM,TOGETHEE WITH MILITARY SECURITY THAT IS REASON FOE AIDING TO DRIVE OFF UNSCRUPULOUS ENEMY/ AND, WOW, WE WILL CALL OM CUE ALLEY OOP ByHAMLIN Enough to Puzzle Anyone WHAT A \!? r YEH-BUT I'M ' STRANGE ^SUSPICIOUS> PLACE 11 SMELL s~> I KMOW THIS /TROUBLE/YOU FOLKS IS - J IM ( ARE GOMNJA '!. BIG ^ LIKE IT * . ; -"CHUMKS k HERE- SIS-I HAVE A ( THIS ISA VISITOR FOR } PLEASURE YOU - MISS I CON/IE RIGHT OOOLA, FROMHM AMD MAKE MOO - '^-A YOURSELF AT HOME - HERE YARE -EVERYTHING /'COULD ASK FOR.IW A CAVE - HIGH AM' DRV, WITH A WOMDERFUL. VIEWOFTH' , SAy _ THIS IS v***™**- GREAT' NOW, OOP - I'LL SHOW YOU TO VOUR QUARTERS COME OM UP- WELL, PER-/ WHAT IS THIS ? ® 1»i6 BY NEA SERVICE, INC. T. M. ftEti. U. S. PAT. OFF.
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