DENTON JOURNAL Page 2 MELVIN JOHNSON, Inc., Publishers Saturday Morning, October 15, 1938 HOW TO TELL A COMMUNIST AND HOW TO BEAT HIM By WILLIAM F. RUSSELL, Ph.D., LL.D., Ed.D. Dean of Teachers College, Columbia University, New York I am a professor, but I am not here to give you "book learning." I am here to set before you, The American Legion, a problem which concerns all of us who love democracy and the ideal of liberty for which it stands. The problem is "How to check Communism." Communism I When I talk about know what I am saying. I have had a lot of experience with this menace. I know where it is; most likely to appear, where it is most likely to take hold, and I think I know the best way to fight it. It was before the American Legion was formed, in fact it was in August 1918, that I met my first Bolshevik. We didn't call them Communists in those days. There had been a big rain, that day, in Vladivostok, and down across the street car tracks, on Bolshei Vlitza (Russian for big street or broadway) were tone of gravel and sand, a foot high, washed down from the steep unpaved streets that climbed the hill. I watched the Korean porters busily packing the debris in baskets, carrying it up, and patting it back into place to await the next rain. I climbed past them, on up to the great commercial school, where I was to lecture on American education to a great crowd of teachers, patrons who were all school board members. I started at five. My interpreter finished at seven. Late into the night the questions continued. These people had revolted with Kercn- ,sky. They had welcomed the Bol- eheviks. But they appeared happy to have 'been conquered by the Czecko- Slovaks and glad at the moment to be under inter-allied rule. I was curious about Bolshevism. What was the idea? What was it like? What did Lenin and Trotsky want? I was not long in suspense. After the lecture, a man stopped me at the door. "Good evening," he said, "my name is Wax. I did a- year of graduate work in the States. Until last month, I was the Bolshevik Commissar, here in Vladivostok." You can imagine my surprise. I said, "Come home with me. What is Bolshevism?" and this is the tale he told to me. Communism is not new. There have been forms of Communism since earl- ist times, even in America. Note the tribes on the Indian reservations. But Communism as we know it was formulated by Marx, Engels and others, less than a hundred years ago. They saw something wrong with the world. The few had too much, the many too little. As Wax said that night, "Why should the rich have all the beautiful houses, pictures, rugs." He even said wives. Karl Marx saw that every few years there was a depression. Wars were almost constant. The doors of the Russian people going to do this? They cannot do it for themselves, can they?" "No," replied Lenin, "they are too ignorant to know what to do, too hungry to have the energy, too subservient to dare." "And surely the Czar won't!" said Bullard. "No," said Lenin. "Then who will?" asked Bullard. "I will" said Lenin. The way they worked their way to the seizure of power was as follows: Talk about peace, talk about social equality, especially among those most oppressed. Talk about organization of labor, and penetrate into every labor union. Talk on soap boxes. Publish pamphlets and papers. Orate and harangue. Play on envy. Arouse jealousy. Separate class from class. Try to break down the democratic processes people from within, to picketing, Accustom the strikes, mass opportunity were shut. Oppressed peoples and races were practically slaves. The Communists thought that such conditions need not exist. There . could be peace on earth, good will to men, the good things of life could be more evenly divided, if only men would apply their brains to the conduct of their life. This man Wax was making quite a sales talk. It sounded pretty attractive so far. "How do you plan to do this?" I asked. "Well," he said, "the trouble today is that men are divided into two classes,--those who own and those who earn, capitalists and workers. There is an inevitable war between the two. There can be no compromise, no truce, no armistice, no peace. It will be a battle to the death. Men are fools to love the Fatherland, the Patrie. The worker of one country should be better friends with the workers of other lands than with the capitalists of their own, who are their only enemy. "Workers of the world, unite!" read the Communist Manifesto, "Yon have nothing to lose but your chains." "Part of the trouble," continued Wax, "is in the churches. Men go to church, and what do they learn --to be humble, patient, forgiving, to look .to the future life. All this is grand for the capitalist. So down with religion, shut the churches, banish the priests." This done, the Communists thought, and the decks would be cleared so they could build a new world. "And how are you going to defeat capital?" I asked Wax. "How are you going to win for labor?" "Very simple," he replied. ."We will- use the idea of the Soviet. First we organize all the workers into unions,--unions of carpenters and masons, plumbers a n d railroadmen, stenographers, cooks, librarians, teachers, nurses, professors, doctors, clerks;--everybody in fact except the capitalists. Then each local sends its delegate to ' a larger council, and councils to the highest council. There is no need for congress, legislatures or elections. Everything can be accomplished by the unions. Lenin has organized a system by which the few can rule for the many. Thfe is what we call 'Dictatorship of the Proletariat. 1 The Proletariat chooses dictators. After that it is dictated to!" "But what about the rich? the capitalists?" I asked, "Where do they come in?" "Oh," said Wax, "that is the cleverness of the idea. They have no unions, and if they formed them, we wouldn't recognize them." Of conrae yon and I remember how after this time the Kolchak government failed in Siberia, how the Bolsheviks took complete control. They never made any pretense of democracy. They seized the power. My friend Arthur Bullard, who was chief of the group with whom I served in Bossia in 1918, said he was talking. with Lenin in Switzerland in 1905. Lenin had outlined the whole Bolshevik ideal Bullard said, "How are meetings. Constantly attack the leaders in every way possible, so that the people will lose confidence. Then in time of national peril, during a war, on the occasion of a great disaster, or on a general strike, walk into the capital and seize the power. A well-organized minority can work wonders. Now the Communist leaders have steadily insisted that Communism cannot live in just one country. Just as we fought to make "the world safe for democracy," so they arc fighting to make the world safe for Communism. They are fighting this fight today, twenty years after my talk with Wax. Every country must become communistic, according to their idea. So they have sent out missionaries. They have supplied them well with funds. They have won converts. These converts have been organized into little groups called "cells," each acting as a unit under the orders of a superior. It is almost a military organization. They attack where there is unemployment. They stir up discontent among those oppressed, particularly among the Negroes and Jews. They work their way into the unions, where they form compact blocks. They publish and distribute little papers and pamphlets. At the New York Times they pass out one called "Better Times." At the Presbyterian Hospital it is called "The Medical Worker." At the College of the City of New York it is called "Professor, Worker, Student." At Teachers College it is called "The Educational Vanguard." These are scurrilous sheets. In one issue I noted twenty-nine errors of fact. After a recent address of mine they passed out a dodger attacking me, with a deliberate error of fact in each paragraph. These pamphlets cost money, more than $100 an issue. The idea is to try to entice into their web those generous and public-spirited teachers, preachers, ' social workers and reformers who know distre-s and want to do something about it. These Communists know what they are doing. They follow their orders. Particularly would they like to dominate our newspapers our colleges and our schools. The campaign is much alike all over the world. I have seen the same articles almost the same pamphlets in France and England as in the United States. You see, when it comes to fighting Communists I am veteran. But after a battle-scarred twenty years I cannot tell one by looking at bim. If only he were a tall dark man with bushy black whiskers, a bomb in his hand, a knife in his teeth, and a hand grenade in each pocket of his smock, I could recognize him. However, only the leaders proclaim their membership. The clever are silent, hidden, anonymous, boring from within. You can only tell a Communist by his ideas. Now the Legion loves loyalty. It upholds the American Way. It seeks to perpetuate democracy. As a patriot power, alert to alien "isms," it justly considers Communism subversive, and has taken up the fight. What tactics should we adopt? What plan of campaign should we map? The answer, as I see it, is to note the conditions under which Communism has come to flourish in foreign lands and then do our best to see to it that these condiitons never obtain here. Now what were the conditions that gave Communuism its chance in Russia? These were I think, three. First, widespread misery, poverty and distress; second, suppression of freedom of speech and the right of meeting and assembly; third, general ignorance. These are the three conditions that give Communism a chance to flower and flourish. When you have abject poverty widespread, when people are out of work, when houses are damp, dirty, cold and crowded, when children cry for food, there you have a soil fertile for Communism. It is no accident that there are Communists in the suburbs of Paris and London, in Harlem or along the water front in New York and San Francisco. After a drudging day of despair, the family sick and cold, the doors of hope shut, you can't blame the unlucky for giving willing ear to the blandishment-; of the Communist propagandist, who says that Russia is a happy land with golden gates, flowing with milk and honey. When men are down they'll sell their birthright either for a mess of pottage or for a pot of message. One way, then, to fight Communism is to go into the root of poverty and distress. Whatever you may think of certain aspects of the work of the present administration, you must see that in the program of re- settlement, in the WPA, in the CCC CampÂ», and in the National Youth Administration, President Roosevelt ] nnd his advisers have been helping , the poor and distressed. Some think we can never pay for it. Sonic think . that conditions will be worse in the ; long run. We must admit, however, I that what they have done for the poor hiis been the ino-t powerful . blow against Communism. No matter ! what the national government docs, ' whether you agree with this program , or not, the good American who wish- us to fight Communism must lend every effort to clean up the shim:!, ' to assist' the unlucky, to cure the ' sick, to'care for the widow and the , orphan. | It is at this point t h a t I wish to | point out to you a niisunderslaiiiiint:, , a mistake, that many loyal citizens commonly make. Thorn are among ns a good many people who by tr (in- j ing, taste, inclination or vocation see much of the poor, under-privileged, [ and the sick. These are minir.tcrs and j priests, social workers, Y. M. C. A. ' leaders, doctors, nurses, teachers and I professors. They sec the effect of the ;;lum. They know what the sweut.- Â· shop does to body and suiil. Their j wrath and indignation rises at the , practices of some of the worst of us. Then these men and women who know the seamy side of life, from the pulpit, in the pros.?, from the lecture platform, in the college and university class, point out these evils and struggle to find sonic way of improving these conditions. Some are wise and advocate gentle and gradual improvement. Some are in a hurry nnd urge quick reform. You and I are j apt to think that they are Communists, that their idea? are subversive. We may call them "red." But whenever we do this we had better back up and think. They are not the Coin- | munists. The Communists get a lot of pleasure out of our mistake. The Communists arc glad to sec us attack them, to quiz them, to hamper them, to persecute them. Because in a way these zealots are the worst enemy of Communism. If wo could clear up the worst of the slums and give help to that part of the population which is in genuine distress, which is what these zealots want, we should in one step hove removed the most likely converts from the contamination of Commuuism. You have a second condition favorable to Communism when people dare not speak their minds. Let the right of assembly become abridged and sympathy follows the supposedly injured party. If an idea is so subversive that it cannot be talked about openly, how alluring it is likely to be when it is heard in a whisper. When you cannot speak on the public square, you gossip down the alley. When you cannot meet in the open, you conspire in the cellar. Then you hear only one side. Then you think you are a martyr, and you may be willing to die for a belief which, because it has never been effectively opposed, may be half-formed and ill- considered. Ideas expressed openly are, of course, subject to the law of treason, slander, or morality. The people of the United States would not approve and adopt the Constitution until it was explicitly stated that the rights of "freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the peopl peaceably to assemble" should not b abridged; and so far as fightini Communism is concerned, I thin they arc right. Nothing pleases th Communists more, nothing advertise them so much, nothing wins then more converts, than violation of thes rights. But what the Communist is nios afraid of is education. I do not mean any kind of education, because yoi will naturally think at once of thi Communist who is a college grad uate, that Communist who is a Doc tor of Philosophy, groups of college students who support and upholi Communism. Conversely, you can re call at once many an unschooled illit crate who holdTM to the American Way. There will always be iniprac tical intellectuals who look to the speedometer, not to the brakes. Bu Communism cannot flourish where all, or almost all, the people know a good deal about history, politica science, and sociology. Communists advance their ideas as if they were new. They try to make people think that their plans are practical am workable. They don the sheep's cloth ing of democracy trying to deceive the ignorant, when they have not the slightest belief in democracy at all. The person who knows history will know better. The fallacy in Communism is not in the ultimate goals which they borrow, like peace, prosperity, i-ocial justice and human brotherhood, as in their practical plans for rcjili/.ing these goals. The person who knows history and political science aiÂ«i economics knows that these plans have been tried repeatedly, and repeatedly they have failed. The same plan.:, and much the same tnctics, failed in Frnnce in 1781). They failed again in 18'IS. They failed in Germany since the War, they failed in I l u n g u i y , they failed in Spain, they failed in Russia itself. They Fought jieato; they not war. They sought fraternity; they divided brother from brother. They sought social justice; they achieved more poverty, moi c misery, more distress. As one It'll) ned French man said, "Coiiunun- Â·ism can destroy capitalism but it cannot replace it."' The peison who is educated in the manner I describe learns to take a long look at the world. He sees the age-old aspiration: of men for prosperity and well-being, for liberty of conscience 1 , speech, property, freedom to earn and to spend'', for equality before the law, and an equal opportunity for youth. He has watched the gradual development of these ideals now advancing, now retreating now advancing again. He knows how the Fathers of our Country caught a new vision, how by compromise and adjustment they devised a new form oi government and u new form of relationship between man and man. Oi course it was not perfect. The idea was to build a little at a time in the hope that what they had done wouli peisist. The educated person knows that social changes come very slowly If you are in a hurry, as in Germany from 1019 to 1933, or in Spain, there is revolution and reaction. If you try dictatorship, a,; in Nazi Germany or Italy or Soviet Russia, of course everybody has work but then you arc only a serf. Up to now those who have been socially secure in this world have been only the slaves. Thi. educated man moves Â»teadily and persistently. He will not be lulled to sleep. So to hit Communism at its weak; est point you must have education You cannot fight an idea by banish ing it. You cannot fight an idea bj shooting it. Purges, "red scares,' teacher oath-, discharging profes sors, never stopped Communism. Th only way you can fight an idea is by meeting it with another idea; and tin only way you can meet it with anoth er idea is by proper education. It is most fortunate for us tha most of our children have a chanc to go to school. It is fortunate for u that most of them can finish the high school course. Let us make very sur A Three Days 9 Cough Is Your Danger Signal No matter how many medicines you have tried for your common cough, chest cold, or bronchial irritation, you may get relief now with CreomuMon. Serious trouble may be brewing and you cannot afford to take a chance with any remedy less potent than Creomulsion, which goes right to the seat of the trouble and aids nature to soothe and heal the in flamed mucous membranes and to loosen and expel germ-laden phlegm. Even if other remedies have failed, don't be discouraged, try Creomulsion. Your druggist is authorized to refund your money if you are not thoroughly satisfied with the benefits obtained. Creomulsion Is one word, ask for It plainly, see that the name on the bottle Is Creomulsion, and you'll get the genuine product and the relief you want. (Adv.) For Fall Occasions HALLOWE'EN parties will be moie enjoyable if your hairdo reflects the smart fall trend of hair worn "up." It'.5 feminine and more flattering. PHONE 159 BEAUTY SHOPPE D E N T O N To and from the Heart of BALTIMORE SchÂ»do/Â» in effect May 27, 193B (Etitin Standard Tim) L E A V E L O V E P O I N T (B. * L I. R. MM) DA11Y ex. Sun. DAILY DAILY llOOa. m. Â»i33a. m. 6,00p.m. LEAVE BALTIMORE (Pitt 3, 11GHT STRUT) DAJLY DAILY DAILY M. Sol. 7,00 9. m. 3,00p.m. 9:00 p. m. PaÂ»Â»na*Â», Au(Â«mgbllÂ« and Truck! Handled on All Trial PABSENGIISi OK, ROUND TRIP "3C (4-darUnUl) ONE DAY EXCURSION ONE WAY A U T O S TRUCKS *2 Â»3 to Â»6 SHORTENS THE WAY MTWEEN Â·ALTlMOl! Â« THI EASTEIN SHOII BALTIMORE EASTERN R.R. that these boys and girls have a chance for a good education for modern times, especially in the controversial mid difficult fields of government and social life. It does not make much difference to me aÂ« an American what sort of Latia or Spelling or Algebra they study, but I do hope that they will learn what democracy is and why we have it; what life was; like when our ancestors lived under tyranny, and what life must be like today in Russia and Germany, in Spain, Jupiin and Italy; what these liberties an; that we prize; what these rights are that we must maintain; and what our corresponding duties mu:it be. Let these boys and girls hear of the theories of social improvement. Lei them know what Communism and Fascism think they are. Let them go right down to the LHH.OIII. Knowledge is power. UeWitt Clinton, who built this school system, hrul it right when lie said that these schools were the "Palladium oi' our freedom .., the bul- waik of our liberties." Since his time the-ie schools have grown in power and confidence. Every child h;is hi. chance. We have ft .strong and competent Slate Department of Education. We have the best system of chool financing in the Union. Our school board members arc able and competent. We have a grand force of teachers. Hold up their hands. Give them encouragement. Protect them from the narrow-minded zealot who would hamper them. That's the way to cut down the Communist. There is, however, one additional consideration. Communism, I am convinced, can flourish only when the soul of a people is dead. Tnc wi-est men from the time of the Greeks have sensed that we really live in two worlds, the world of sticks and stones, and the world of the intellect, the world of the spirit. When I was a boy I used to walk down the hall of Teachers College and there on the wall was an old engraving of thi New Jerusalem. There were high walls, closed gates, and up the steep sides, out of the mud and muck crawled and climbed the poor mortals in search of heavenly bliss. When I see that picture it makes me think of what education should do. Tfiere is one world, a dog's world, a woild of bones and kennels and chains and muzzles, and hunts and fight;; and there is a man's world, a world of ideas, of beauty, of thought. The one is base, the other good. In one, men are slaves, in the other they are free. In one, there are oppressed and oppressors, in the other, all are equal. (There is a land of the slave and there I is a land of the free, and the pa.i 1 ;- Iport to this happy land is a liberal education and a belief in power beyond one's self. I hope for a world with bigger bones and better kennels, but I ild pair if that is all men want. Our pco- plo will perish unless wo re-incorporate in our life the slat-'inent made one hundred and fifty years ago in our Northwest Ordinance, "religion, knowledge and morality, being necessary to the welfare of mankind, Â·chools and the means of education should forever be encouraged.' 1 This accomplished, in this spirit, by the schools and by ajl other means of education--colleges, churches, clubs, organizations, museums, libraries, theatre and the press--we shall have a happy people. We shall never be Communists. You of the Legion recognize the ncmy. How shall we beat him? Rc- ieve poverty and distress. Stand up 'or the rights of Meeting and Arbern- lily and Freedom of Speech, partic- ulaily when jou do not :n;ree. Sup- lort the schools and foster in every ivay the study of history, govtrn- nent, and .soci:il life. Above all, support liberal education, an education or men, not dogs, that we mav enter IQUIO-TABLETS ALVC-NUSE DROPS relieves COLDS Fever and Headaches due to Colds Try "Rub-My-TisnT'-a Wonderful Liniment "He Advertised" DR. E. F. WITHERS OSTKOPATHIC PHYSICIAN ,Phone 92 201 Franklin St., Den ton, Md. Annapolis - Matapeake i Romancoke - Claiborne i Ferries FALL WINTER SCHEDULE-1938 Effective September 20, 1938 DAILY AND SUNDAY (Eastern Standard Time) BETWEEN ANNAPOLIS AND MATAPEAKE Leave Annapolis 7:26 a.m *8:00 a.m. 9:00 a.m. 10:00 a. m. 11:00 a.m. 12:00 noon 1:00 p.m. c2:00 p.m. 3:00 p. m. 4:00 p.m. *6:00 p.m. 6:00 p. m. 7:00 p.m. 8:00 p.m. Leave Matapeake 7:25 a.m. 8:00 a.m. 9:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. Â·11:00 a.m. 12:00 noon 1:00 p.m. 2:00 p.m. c;J:00 p. m. 4:00 p. m 5:00 p.m. 0:00 p.m. 7:00 p.m. *8:00 p.m. 'Denotes bus connections via Matu- pcakc, Romancoke and Claiborne. (c) Denotes bus connections via Matapcakc only. BETWEEN ROMANCOKE AND CLAIUORNE Leave Romancoke **9:00 a.m. 11:00 a.m. 2:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. **G:00 p.m. 8:00 p.m. NOTE: Leave Claiborne 8:00 a.m. ** 10:00 a.m. 1:00 p.m. 3:00 p.m. 6:00 p.m. **7:00 p.m. **Dcnotes pedestrians will be transported by motor coach between Matapeake and Romancoke and Romancoke and Matapeake on those trips only. THE CLAIBORNE-ANNAPOLIS FERRY COMPANY, ANNAPOLIS, MARYLAND DR. E. J. WRIGHT OPTOMETRIST Denton, Maryland *3yes Examined. Glasses Furnished. HOURS: 9:00 a. m. to 5:30 p. m. Phono fit ELECT G. ARTHUR McDANIEL FOR HOUSE OF DELEGATES The 1939 Fesr,ion of the Maryland Geneial Assembly |iiomis:s to be one of tha most impoilaat in the history of the Slate. Elect G. Arthur McDanicl as one of your delegates from Ca olino County. As editor of The Fcderah;- burs Times for the wist eight years, I have been intimately acquainted with- the State, nml local problems. If elected I promise to give to the people of Caroline county honest, intelligent, and impartial icprescntation. (Pol. Adv.) and live in a world of ideas, of beauty, of thought. This should be the American program. It will cause the most of discomfort to our enemies; it will do the most to perpetuate and ] preserve the form of government and ' t h e kind of life which the Fathers of |our Countiy willed to us and to which j they were confident we would give ' o u r lr.pt full measure of devotion. REPUBLICAN TICKET For State Senate WILMER FELL DAVIS For Hoa-^c of Delegates ZETH WEAVER GEORGE ARTHUR McDANIEL For State's Attorney W. HYLAND VAN SANT For Clerk of the Circuit Court SHERMAN L. TRIBBITT For Register of Wills RUSSELL W. FLUHARTY For County Treasurer J. VIRGIL MOORE ERNEST 6. COOPS .General Insurance The Oldest Established Agency On The Shore. For Judges of the Orphans' Court JAMES A. TRAZZARE SAMUEL G. BYE TRUMAN H. RICHARD For County Commissioners JOHN SCHMICK ALVIN MEREDITH LUTHER BENNETT For Sheriff J. LEON TODD ] (Pol. Adv.) There's a Whole World of Profit Possibilities in the Journal's WANT-ADS! The biggest market in the county lies in the Journal Classified columns; There, rooms are rented, homes ire bought, Jobs are found, various things are bought and sold . . . and all arc done efficiently, economically and with satisfaction to everyone concerned! Read and use the Journal Want-Ads! CALL DENTON 10 Caroline's Best Advertising Medium Fine Job Printing DENTON, MD. SUPPORT Russell W. Flnharty For Register Of Wills At The General Election Tuesday, November 8th Your Consideration Will lie Greatly Appreciated (Pol. Adv.) J. Virgil Moore for Treasurer of Caroline County Your help will be greatly appreciated Pol. Adv. on November 8th RETURN Wilmer Fell Davis STATE SENATE 6*t alfid, 1. Voting and working against the Gross Receipts and Sales Tax also working against any increase in real estate laxqs. Favoring a tax on luxuries and incomes rather than on necessities and sales. 2. Continuing the policy of awarding scholarships on merit only as determined by competitive examination. 3. Reducing Dallimorc City's share of the gasoline funds from 30 to 15% (It was formerly 20% until changed six years ago) giving them a SI, 500,000 instead of $3,000,000 yearly. -1. With this $1,500,000 yearly, straighten, widen, drain and slag nr stone the dirt roads of the counties. "Make Caroline's dirt roads system similar to Delaware's." 5. Modernize our state roads system through out Caroline county. This can b'c done in four years if no gasoline taxes are diverted to the general treasury. G. Enabling the motorist tn receive his aato tags at I lie court honse when he pays his taxes. 7. Representing the county in all it's agricultural interests and voting the farm program. 8. Continuing resistance to the domination and control of the Legislature by llaltimore City interests. 9. Reduce expenditure in government rather than increase taxation. (Pol. Adv.) NEWSPAPER!
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