DAY BY DAY Humor pay? rich rewards, but there't always the danger of being shot before you can explain that you were joking. WEATHER Fair tonight and tomorrow; slightly cooler in east portion. VOI PYI Mrt Iftl Published daily (txo«pt Sunday) by the Mall Publishing Co. T V/L,. ^yvt. 110. 100. Entered as s*ccnd-cla.« matter at th« Hagerstown Poatofflca. HAGERSTOWN, MD., SATURDAY, AUGUST 5, 1939. CONGRESS READY TO QUIT TODAY Reported Americans Flee Kaifeng As Agitation Spreads PRESSURE ON AMERICANS IS ON INCREASE Japan's Anti-British Agitation Turning Into Anti-American Campaign SHANGHAI, Aug. 5 (#>).—Americans are preparing for hurried flight from Kaifeng because of Japanese anti-American pressure there, it was reported reliably today. American officials were unable to learn details of the situation in the north China city because telegraphic communications were broken. But available reports sai'd the Americans were arranging to flee immediately. First advices of a new turn in Japan's anti-foreignism in China, directed originally against the Brti- ish, were sent from Kaifeng by a courier who passed the Japanese lines and reached Chengchow where he- telegraphed the United States embassy at Chungking. Americans Fearful. The situation increased Americans' fears that they and their interests would be subjected to agitation even as new vigor in the anti- British drive was indicated. The Japanese-controlled press at Tientsin quoted Japanese army officers there as threatening to "exterminate" British interests in China. H said Japanese commanders were considering measures to (Continued on Page 16) OPPOSE C.C.C. CAMP SITE Public Meeting May Be Held In Fredreick Next Week. Opposition i.o the relocation of the Boonsboro CCC camp on the outskirts of Frederick has developed and a public meeting may be asked next week by the objectors. CCC officials have been inspecting a number of. proposed sites in the vicinity of. Frederick and Braddock Heights for the last two weeks and had virtually decided upon one just outside of Frederick. Objectors to the CCC camp being located at Frederick admitted they had noted a statement by Mayor John Hershherger, Jr., of Boonsboro, that the camp had been a decided asset to that. town. They said however, that they felt a city was not the place to choose for a forestry camp's location. Night and week-end control of thorn appeared 1o be the main grounds for apprehension. Backers of tho ramp had estimated that about. $2.500 would bo spent monthly while tho federal project continued. CCC officials are said to be anxious to relocate the camp by October 1 so that soil conservation work can be started in the Middletown valley. BERRY CROP HIT. CUMBERLAND, Aug. f. (./P).—A disease which has caused much damage to the raspberry crop in this section was diagnosed by plant pathology experts as "anthracnose," a fungus disease which girdles the raspberry's cane and kills tho plant or drys up tho berries before maturity. County Agent Ralph F. Mc- Honry said nothing could bo done for this year's crop except to cut * out tho diseased on no. Blames "Persecution" Distraught Karel Langer, 50, Czecho-slovakian refugee, is shown here as he testified before a grand jury which decided "persecution" by the new German regime in Czechoslovakia led Langers 43-year- old wife to hurl their two sons from a 13th floor window of a Chicago hotel and then follow them in death by leaping herself. Langer, once wealthy, testified his wife hnd been despondent since they fled to the United States four weeks ago after being "more or less compelled to leave" their homeland. Here's Chance BALTIMORE, Aug. 5 (/P).—1C you're the kind of. driver who spouts uncomplimentary names at motorists when exasperated, then come to the Baltimore Stadium September 16 and give your lungs and temper a workout. The Highway Safety committee, sponsoring the "wheels of progress" cavalcade of transportation development and safety, announced a name-culling' contest, would be held ":is a satire on the uncouth manners of many motorists." "Anyone with a loud, raucous voice may enter the contest providing he is between the minimum driving ages of IS and 75 years," the committee said,»"but profanity is positively exccptcd." "Full amplification will be provided in the stadium to enlarge the volume to many times of that of the usual name caller. Contestants arc privileged to make up their own phraseology." The contest was designed, the committee said, "to impress upon the motoring public the futility and impoliteness of calling names when more gracious means get quicker and more lasting results." Dynamite Cache Found At Dam Three Bombs Also Found In Shanty At Strike Scene. GREEN MOUNTAIN DAM. Colo.. ERNST HEADS TENANT GROUP Committee Will Pass On Loans For Purchase Of Farms. Frederick C. Ernst, deal-spring, has been appointed chairman of the Washington county committee •\Vhich will pass on loans to farm tenants desiring to purchase farms under the Farm Tenancy Act. Other members oC the committee are Jacob M. Aukcney. Clearspring. and William H. Cunningham, Fairplay. There has boon .$40,000 allotted to Washington County this year for the program. H will be the duty of the committee to pass upon applications and to select those most eligible for the loans. Any tenant farmer desiring to obtain a loan under this act. must make application by August 20 with Lewis Schneblcy, Winchester Hall, Frederick, in charge of this district, or at the office of County Agent Milt D. Moore or any member of the committee. Blanks arc also available for any farmer desiring to dispose of a farm under this farm tenancy purchase program. Already a number of applications have been tiled by tenant farmers. Fear Five Trapped In Tunnel, Killed SOMERSET. Pa.. Aug. 5 (£>)— John Lowry. an ambulance driver, reported today one man was killed and four others were believed killed in an accident in the Laurel Hill Tunnel on the state's $60,000,5 (/P)— Four cases of dyna- 000 Express Highway near here. WEATHER U. S. Wcailier Hureau Maryland: Fair tonight and Sunday; slightly cooler in east portion tonight. Chesapeake Hay: Mostly clear tonight and Sunday; slightly cooler nitc and three dynamite bombs were 'found near the $-1,000,000 iroen Mountain dam site, where workers wore back on tho job today mdor the protection of Colorado National Guardsmen. "We have no idea whom they be- onged to," said M-ajor William lunn. Guard commander. He said the dynamite was found last night in an abandoned shanty, and tho bombs—bundles of dynamite sticks with fuses attached — at other points. t Tho Guardsmen, called 1n by Gov. Ralph L. Carr to put down "a state of insurrection and rebellion" resulting from labor strife, previously took about 30'.) tirearms from persons in this area. The Guard took control Wednesday, day after armed clashes in which seven men were tonight; g«...tle to moderate mostly northeast. winds 1 wounded. WEEKLY WEATHER Weather outlook for tho period August 7 to August 12 inclusive: North and Middle Atlantic States: Generally fair except showers near middle of week; warmer first part of week, cooler after middle and •warmer at ond. NATURE STORY Lowry said the four were trap- pod under a fall of rock at the base of operations in the tunnel 15 miles west of this western Pennsylvania town. Ho said it was believed certain they were dead. Tho victim Lowry brought hero died in the ambulance. His arm had been ampntat ' in order to remove him from the rock fall. The Laurel H'll Tunnel, one of numerous tunnels being drilled through the Allegheny Mountains 10 carry traffic on the Express road, was being bored through bed rock by the .vorkmon. HEARINGS POSTPONED Willie H. Morgan. 300 fdock of Liberty street, and Russell J. Horning. 500 block of Salem avenue, a rested yesterday on charges of driving a coal truck while intoxicated, will get. hearings Monday. The two were arrested by Deputy Sheriff Isanogle after two near ac- Idaho, Aug. 5 (/P)—The | ,-idents o n tho Western Piko *\irly skios drenched Dubois with black i Friday afternoon. The truck nnr- i'il<- i rowly missed hitting a bus near Smoke and flying charcoal from Conorocheaguo and la tor L. M. a large brush five mixed with a ' Stevens. Ric; Pool reported ho was summer shower to form a natural forced from the road. Horning is Ink. also charged with operating on expired chauffers licenses. BORED YOUTH CHARGED WITH MANY Boy Who Ran Away Charged With Murder, Nine Hold- Ups In Week NEW YORK, Aug. 5, (#>}.—Working for his father bored Leonard Nugent, 20, a High school graduate, so he ran away—and today police charged him with having killed a man, wounded his sweetheart and staged nine holdups in one crime- filled week. The curly-haired, neatly dressed youth fainted when police told him of the death of Isadore Cohen, 42, a button broker who police said was shot under the heart while grappling with Nugent. Makes Confession Inspector John J. Gallagher said the frightened boy had made a complete confession and gave this version of his week's activities: Tiring of working as a "printer's devil'' in the engraving plant owned by his father, he left his Staten Island home after a bitter family quarrel. He rented a furnished room, then found his funds running low and turned to robbery to make some "easy money." Working alone, he pulled off eight holdups successfully, in one of them robbing eight men in a washroom. Yesterday Cohen entered a washroom in a building at 2Sth street and Broadway, Avhere Nugent had just taken $22 from Charles Getzel. Cohen gave Nugent some small change in his pockets, then grabbed (Continued on Page 10) FARMERS GET WHEATCHECKS Payments Being Received On 1939 Wheat Adjustment Program. Checks for 104 fanners who complied with the 1939 wheat allotment program, totalling §5.360, are being distributed today at the office of the county agent. This brings the total amount paid thus far under the 1939 price adjustment program in Washington County to $26.7-13. SO, in which 50?, fanners bcnefittcd. These checks represent 11 cents per bushel on the allotment for each farm. For instance, if a farmer's allotment was GO acres and he produced 20 bushels to the acre, he receives 11 cents per bushel for the ].200 bushels, provided, of course. that he had not seeded more than tho allotted acreage. WILL CONFER ON COUNTY PROGRAM County Agent Milt D. Moore will go to College Park Tuesday for a conference on the home grown feed and pasture improvement program which was inaugurated in Washington county by the Extension Service of the Universily of Maryland this year. Agents from two other counties, where the same program is under way, will meet Tuesday to discuss plans for carrying on the campaign this fall. j Fair's Dove-Dancer 111 From Overwork NEW YORK, Aug. 5 (£>)— Rosita Royce, dove-dancer at the New York World's Fair, was in a hospital today—and 14 of her 21 doves were under care of a veterinary. Dr. Arnold Gottesman, the 23- yeai--old dancer's physician, said she was suffering a serious nervous condition after working 10 performances a day since the expositions opening. The doves were being taken care of in. her apartment. Seven were said to be suffering a heart ailment and the others incapacitated by swollen joints. PAY OF SEVEN DISAPPROVED O'Conor Moves To Prevent Possible Evasions Of State Merit System ANNAPOLIS, Md., Aug. 5, (IP) — Gov. Herbert R. O'Conor, seeking- to prevent possible evasions of the state merit system, today disapproved requested budget amendments by which seven persons employed for "special services 1 ' in the State Industrial Accident Commission could be continued on the commission payroll. Waller N. Kirkma.ii, director of the Department of Budget and Procurement, recommended that the amendments be disapproved. "It appears that, while the em- ployes generally on the payroll of the State Industrial Accident Com- misison are on ihe merit system, these seven persons have been engaged for "special services'* without examinations or meeting the merit system requirements. Some have been kept on the payroll under these circumstances since 1935 and 1936,'' the Governor said. "I disapprove of the practice resorted to in these cases to secure state funds for the payment of these salaries by transferring ap- (Continucd on Page 10) "The politicians did it, 1 ' declared Editor Hanry F. Auger (above) when his neighborhood weekly newspaper at Greenville, N: J., was padlocked by the collector of internal revenue for failure to pay $227 in social security taxes. U. S. Treasury agents said padlocking was the usual procedure. "TUMOR BABY" FINALLY DIES Cool Weather Here May Be Shortlived This section enjoyed cooler weather today, but the respite from the heat may be short-lived. J. A. Miller, government weather observer at Keedysville, who reported a minimum of. 57 during the night, S degrees cooler than yesterday's low, said his weather map indicated warmer weatlier would return tomorrow to this section. Yesterday's high was SS degrees. Farmers, who had 'not threshed their wheat, are busy this week. They reported finding some of the wheat still in the shocks had sprouted. Prospects for a largo corn crop however, are bright. \s Reports Big Yield. Of Early Potatoes I Lewis S. Martin, who specializes in the growing of potatoes, this week completed the digging of his early crop of Irish Cobblers and reports a yield of 2750 bushels of No. 1 spuds. The early potato crop of the county is exceptionally good and growers are hopeful of a still better late crop. NEW ROCHELLE, X. Y., Aug. 5 (JP) —The "tumor baby'' has lost his agonizing fight to live. Three-year-old Harold Holt. Jr.. kept alive since March by a science that could postpone but not avert his fate, died in New Rochelle hospital last night from an "intestinal obstruction." The obstruction was a rare Wilm's tumor, a form of cancer that spread slowly through his lungs, liver, kidneys and intestines. Although medical records show fewer than a dozen victims of the tumor have boon cured, Harold was brought from his home in Monongahela. Pa., for treatment with a new type X-ray technique after Pittsburgh doctors had diagnosed his case as hopeless. The boy rallied under the hospital's volunteer treatment, the tumor dwindled, and he was released to a nursing homo for observation, •b'ut a relapse sent him hark again. His tiny body had withered to half its •"(> pounds. Britain Launches Ocean Air Service HIGHFIELD VETERAN, 95, STILL DOES HIS OWN GARDENING Levi Fiu, nno of the few Civil War veterans remaining in this j section, recently celebrated his 9. r »th • birthday at his home at Highfield. I There he lives alone, does his own ' cooking and tends his vegetable garden and truck patch. | Mr. Fitz who enlisted in the! ' I'nion army at the ago of 20 and • ! came through the war unscathed j 'despite active service at Peters-i i burg and Sailor's Run tinder Gen- • ! oral William Sherman of the i i t "march to tho sea fame" attributes ' his longevity to plenty of sleep. ! ' somo work and a chow of "plug" ; rogu !p. rlv. Spectacles <ir-^ "unknown"' to the hardy farmer, only five short years ; from lhe> century mark. He has no ' J trouble with failing eyesight dc-! spite his ago. and the daily newspaper is still a part of his daily ' diet. Short daily walks in the vicinity of his homo keeps some of the spring of youth in his heels. Mr. Fit?, attributes his longevity to the fact that he has always followed the "early to bed. early to rise" rule. During the last several years, longer hours in bed in the morning have made him feel more spry, he admits. Born near Deerfield July 31, IS-H. he is the youngest and only surviving child of the late Harry and ! Sarah Harbauch Fitz. His wife, Kllon Wilhide, died thirty years tgo. Two sons. Charles, of Km- mitsburg. and William W., of Carlton, O. survive of tho five children, j SOUTHAMPTON. England, Aug. ,zpj.—Imperial Airways' 24-ton flying boat Caribou took off at 2:1-1 (S:14 a.m.. K.S.T.I today, inaugurating British trans-Atlantic air mail service with a load of 1,^0 pounds of mail for Canada and the I'liitod States. The Caribou will take on more fuel in the air ovor Foynes. Ireland, and then head for Rotwood. Newfoundland. Another stop is to be made at Montreal boforo. the flying boat heads for Port Washington. N. Y., whom tin- Caribou i? due at •t p.m. < K.S.T.) Sunday. Tho Caribou and her sisiorship. the Cabot, will operate wookly mail service during August and Septom- b«r but will carry no passengers. SLOTS CHOKED Al C.rubor, superintendent of parking motors, would like to nice: up with tho rulpri! who inserted rhowii>e; i^'jni in tho money slots of Jive parking intu-rs during tho night. A stiff fine awaits him, say police. GO HOGG WILD. SAN* ANTHONIO. Tox.. Aug. .*, (.•Pi.—With tho notation "We have gone Hocx wild for education," heirs of ih A Ini^ Will C. Hogg deeded land in Texas and Louisiana to tho University of. Texas. CONGRESS AT A GLANCE By The Associated Press Bills Enacted Appropriations—Authorized expenditure of more than $13,000,000,000, a record peacetime total. Relief — Appropriated $1,775,000,000 for the current fiscal year; approved curtailment oE WPA activities. Defense—Voted to spend nearly $2,000,000,000 to expand the army, navy and air forces in a record peacetime program. Government Reorganization— Empowered""President Roosevelt to regroup Federal agencies in the interest of efficiency and economy. Monetary—Continued the President's dollar devaluation powers, the- $2,000,000,000 stabilization fund, and the life of the RFC. Taxes—Wiped out last vestige of undistaibuted profits tax on corporations and substituted flat 18 per cent levy; permitted Federal and state governments to tax the income of employes of each other. Politics—Passed Hatch bill to limit political activity by Federal office holders. Bills Killed Pensions—House defeated the Townsend plan for old age pensions. Lending—House refused to con- (Continuecl on Page 10) LAST APPROVAL OF 2 BILLS Weary Congress Acquiesces On Appropriation Bill, Social Security WASHINGTON, Aug. 5 (#>).—A Congress -wearied by seven months of wrangling and rebellion displayed sudden signs of acquiescence on two final items today, because of an overpowering desire to go home by nightfall: A $189,000,000 appropriation bill needed House approval, and a compromise measure broadening the social security program lacked final sanction by the Senate. Although both proposals originally aroused fiery debate, there was every indication that members would talk about them a little, more and then accept the legislation. Many Have Departed For the independent, fighting spirit that characterized much of the session was nearly gone amid the adjournment turtaulance. Many legislators had left Washington before today's session, and those who le- mained had their suitcases packed and time tables in hand. The deficiency appropriation bill was passed last night by -the Sen(Continued on Page 10) Congress Appropriated Record Sum Despite Surprise Uprising Over Thirteen Billions, Which Includes Huge Defense Program And Smaller Relief Appropriations; Peacetime Record: WASHINGTON, Aug. 5 (.^—Despite frequent appeals for economy, this session of .Congress appropriated more than $13,150,000,000—a peacetime record. The exact total was a subject of controversy among Democrats and Republicans on the House Appropriations committee, but committee records placed the figure at $13,158,576,386 — about $1.665,000,000 more than last year—without the final deficiency bill, which may total about $190,000.000. j Rep. Taber (R-NY), senior minority member of the committee, contended the record-breaking total was $13.836,000.000, but Rep. Cannon (D-Mo) protested that the peak was "definitely under $13.000.000,000." Taber retorted that Cannon did not take into account ^appropriations of unexpended balances, frequently a sizeable sum. CHILD SWALLOWS 271 BENT PINS LOS ANGELES, A up. * (£>). Because Virginia Karlinger, 2. had a bent for bent pins, rather than straight ones, hospital attendants said she probably would survive. She swallowed 271. All have boon recovered. Her father. Abraham Karliner. told officers she had boon unusually moody. Almost $1.000,000,000 of the increase over last year's total went for previous obligations called permanent appropriations which includes interest on the public debt, veterans' compensation, and the social security and railroad retirement funds. Preside *. Roosevelt's defense program, designed to give this country a navy second to none and an Army Air Corps with 5.500 first- line fighting planes, accounted for another sizeable chunk of the increase. Defense funds totaled 51,783.187,- S47, another peacetime high. Last year $1.087,798,448 went for the army and navy. Relief appropriations took a substantial drop. The relief appropriation for the year beginning July 1, was $1.755,600,000. contrasting sharply with the S3.740,605.000 provided for the preceding fiscal year. FAIR PLANS ARE STARTED BRITISH THREAT IRRITATES JAPS TOKYO. Aug. .=> (/P).— The war office unofficially expressed "extreme irritation" today over British Trim.- Minister Chamberlain's assertion yesterday that Great Britain might send a flee: to the Far East "in certain circumstances." Tho statement crime as a third day passed wihout a continuation of the British-Japanese conference over the Tientsin dispute. Karlier a high somve declared: -Britain is playing a dangerous game. Times have changed since Nelson's famous dictum that 'the British navy is the strongest diplomat in the world.' "Japan cannot be bluffed. Tho effect of this throat will be to stiffen our attitude." Big Exhibition Scheduled For Week Of October 17 This Year. President A. K. Coffman of the Hagerstown Fair Association announced today that, already plans i are being formulated for the 1939 ) Great Hagerstown Fair scheduled ' for the week of October IT. Fred M. White, well known auctioneer, has again been authorized by tho association to compile the | annual catalogue and premium list • and he announced today that he wil] ?tarr, work next week. ; Plans for this year's exhibition : include the booking of many out- I standing attractions never before witnessed here. Greater emphasis '• i ban ever will be placed on exhibits of interest to the farmer and home . owner. i President Coffman reported that | he will name committees in the j next week or so to begin the book- I ing of attractions. COURT MONDAY The August term of Circuit Court will convene Monday morning at 10 o'clock and likely adjourn an hour or two later. The session is the only non-jury term of the year and usually lasts an hour or two. QUICK RESPONSE ' FULLERTON, Neb., Aug. 5 (fl>)— Parishioners of St. Peter's Catholic church, here held special services to : offer their supplications for rain to i aid drought-stricken crops in their ' community. 1 In two nights, Fullerton received i .34 of an inch of rainfall while from .75 to 1.50 inches (ell in other parti j of. the county. J—Ti.
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