Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 1, 1936 · Page 2
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 2

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Pampa, Texas
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Monday, June 1, 1936
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Page 2
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FA6E TWO PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Paiapa, MONDAY EVENING, JUNfo 1, 1936. EDITOR AL BARBED WIRE IN TEXAS Great and manifold are the changes which the barbed fence has worked in Texas; in fact, it has been declared to be one of the greatest single factors in the progress and establishment of order in the State. It had much to do with the subjugation of the Indian; it helped to end the great cattle drives to Kansas and the north; it aided greatly in making possible the settlement of the western plains; it closed the "free range," and through its agency the old Texas longhorn vanished from the scene, to be replaced by the white-faced Hereford, the polled Angus, and other blooded strains of the present day. Like many other innovations, it met with much opposition at first, claims being made that it would injure the stockj that it was cruel, and that it was too frail and would not hold the charge of a herd of stampeding cattle. But trial soon showed the ranchers the value of the new style. fence — "hog-tight, horse-high and bull-strong" — and finally it came to stay. We are told that the first patent for barbed wire (or "bob wire" as the cowpunchers are wont to call it) in the United States was taken out in 1867, and a number of other patents appeared in later years, issued mainly in Illinois. The pioneer barbed wire salesman in Texas was H. B. Sanborn, who was later to be credited as the founder of Amarillo, and another salesman was the celebrated John W. Gates (of "bet-a-million" fame) who, with the aid of 25 steers, put on a convincing demonstration of the efficiency of the wire fence on the plaza at San Antonio. By 1883 the use of barbed wire had spread afar, from the Red river to the Rio Grande, up into the Panhandle and far out upon the treeless plains where heretofore fences had been well nigh an insurmountable problem in settling the country. It was effective and cheap and the changes which it caused were revolutionary. For one thing, it helped to bring an end to Indian raids throughout the State, for the Indian did not relish the idea of finding himself enclosed. The late Colonel Goodnight (who fenced the JA ranch in the Panhandle in 1882) said in an early interview that Indian visits were common when he first came to that region but only one large party had come there after fences were established. And a Texan who lived for nine years with the Indians and wrote a book about his experiences tells us in connection with a raid in which he took part with the redskins that: "We tore down some fences and left things like we believed the Great Spirit intended them to be, free and open. The Indians believed that if the Great Sprit had wanted the country enclosed, He would have fenced it." The Indians became discouraged when he found himself confronted by an impassable fence, and it would thus seem that barbed wire, quite as much as rangers' bullets, took the heart out of the redskin and induced him to stay at home on the reservation. And it was the wire fence, even more than the railroads and the later establishment of packing houses in Texas, that brought trail driving to a close. In the old day? of the open range there was nothing to impede the drives between Texas and Kansas, but the introduction of barbed wire and the building of railroads caused an influx of settlers upon the plains and interfered with the drives, • for not only did the fences provide obstacles but the pioneer rancher or farmer was likely to charge fees for letting the drives traverse his propety. It was often as- seted, and with truth, that cattle driven to Kansas City "on the hoof" could be delivered more cheaply and in better condition than if sent by rail. It was this steady advance of settlement over the plains that caused the route of the drives to be moved steadily westward so that by 1886 the drives, instead of passing north in the vicinity of Fort Worth, were being moved up through Abilene, Texas. By 1890 the drives were practically ended; thus the period of which so much has been written—and is still being written—and of which so many songs have been sung, about dogies and what not, lasted for less thai 25 years. But let it not be said that the passing of the drives meant t>he end of the Texas cowboy, for, as has already been pointed out in these pages, he is still very much with us, although many good Texans would have ut believe that he has gone or is going—which is very em phatically not the case. The wire fence may have been good for the farmei and the rancher, but the cowpuncher was longer in getting reconciled to it. It was an obstacle to easy travel; he was not used to riding miles out of his way to find a gate or ai opening in a fence, and in 1S84 the State Legislature haci to pass stringent laws against fence cutting, along with other regulations having to do with the construction anc location of fences. The Mexican vaquero in Texas usec to have a saying fifty years ago, "Cuando vino el alambre vino el hambre," (with the wire came hunger) which ex- pressed his views regarding the innovation. And when the days of the drives were over, the cowpuncher regretfully laid aside his deadly six-guns and replaced them with a pair of pliers and a hammer, more suitable foi repairing the wire while "riding fence" and keeping a watchful eye on the windmills which soon began to raise their heads against the horizon on the western plains. It was in South Texas—the home of the longhorn— that the first fences (not of wire) appeared, and we are told of one ranch with 40 miles of "post and plank" fence built with an eye to penning up the cuttle in the course o1 improving the breed. And it was here, too, that the effect of the barbed wire first became apparent, for the ranchei found that he must either fence his land or move, anc move he did. With the "wide open spaces" of West Texas stretching away toward the setting sun, he decided thai there lay his future. There was no longer anything in thai vast, empty region to interfere with his settlement: the Indians were gone and the railroads were traversing the State from east to west. Here the land \yas free and open He had to fence it ultimately just as in East or South Texas, but the need was not immediate and he could pick anc choose what land he wanted. The grass in general was good, and although there was little surface water, it could Be obtained by drilling wells. And so the great movemen into West Texas began, wells were drilled, earthen reser voirs or "tanks" were built where needed, and new towni began to appear. And while all these changes were goin oij, the old Texas longhorn was steadily disappearing.— 1'exas Weekly. PUZZLED? Write to Daily NEWS information . service in Washington, D. C. A COLUMN Of Facts you have often wished to see in print. Read it daily! A reader can r/ci the answer to any question of fact by writing The Pampn Daily NEWS' Information Bureau, Frederic .T. H.iskin, director, Washington, D. C. Please enclose three (3) cents for reply. Q. What popular song holds the record for sales? E. M. B. A. Keep the Home Fires Burning and There's a Long, Long Trail each sold approximately 3.000,000 copies. Q. What is the mesh or fineness of common table salt? M. M. A. The International Salt company says that there is no fixed rule, but most producers put out salt which will pass a 20 mesh U. S. Standard screen, with very little passing a 60 mesh screen. Q. Were white Horses ever held sacred? S. M. A. They were in early Persia, Greece, Rome, Arabia, and Germany. Caesar's chariot was drawn by White horses. Q. Please sive a list of noted dress designers here and abroad. S. M. A. A partial list includes: Main- bocher, Schtaparelli, Vionnet, Lanvin. Augustabcrnard, Molyneux, Hattie Carnegie, Clarepotlcr, Mil- giim, Elizabeth Hawes, Muriel King, and Helen Cookman. Q. How much grass .should a dairy ow cp.t daily? J. F. A. A dairy cow that weighs ap- iroxlmately 12000 pounds and pro- luces 35 pounds or milk should at about 120 pounds of grass each lay. Q. For whom is Berkeley. Cnli- 'ornia. named? M. H. A. The city is named after Bi-hop 3eorge Berkeley, noted British di•inc and philosopher, and aulnor of the saying, Westward the course of empiic takes its way. Q. Is Shinto an ancient religion or one having modern followers in Japan? U V. A. It is an ancient religion, but las never been superseded by another universal religion in Japan, and remains one of the spiritual characteristics of the people. Q. Whore are the Channel Is- nnds? W. K. G. A. They are four islands—Jersey, Guernsey, Alderncy, and Sark—ly- ng in the English Channel near is troubled about her constantly sur ^otibtedly, the same trouble afflicts the ^ioncheck. th'at "cause's one-armed* he northwestern const of France. | called nl'ler They are dependencies of Great Britain. Q. Was Rabelais a physician? K. M. A. In 1530 the French satirist began the study of medicine at Montpelier. He took his degree and, In 1532, was appointed hospital physician at Lyon, there publishing several works on medical science. Q. What is the difference in sleeves of academic gowns? M. O. A. Gowns commonly worn in the colleges and universities of this country have pointed sleeves for the Bachelor's degree, long closed sleeves (with a slit for the nrm) for the Master's degree, and round, open sleeves for the Doctor's degree. Q. What is meant by modus vi- vcndi? 8. D. A. It is a temporary arrangement l between the governments of two countries, pending the settlement of relations by a formal treaty. Q. Please give the particular of the settlement in the I'm Alone case. E. R. A. The case was decided in favor of Canada on January 5, 1935, by a Board of Arbitration, Justice Van Devanler of the United States Supreme Court, and Sir Lyman Poore Duff. Chief Justice cf Canada. They found the "admittedly intentional slnkinK" cf Uie suspected vessel could not be justified by any piin- ciple of international law. It wns held that "the United States ought formally to acknowledge its illegality in the sinking and to apologize to the Canadian Government there- for" and pay $25,000. The amount was appropriated by Congress and duo apology was tendered by Secretary of State Hull on January 21, 1935. Q. How much do the propellers of the new Queen Mary weigh? L. B. A. Each of the four propellers weighs 35 tens. Q. When was the Appian Way built? R, C. A. It was built about 312 B. C. by Appius Claudius Caecus. This paved road ran from Rome south thru Capua to Brindisi. Q. Why is the Preakness so called? C. N. T. A. The name, Preakness, as applied to the $50,000 stake run at tliu Fimlico Spring Meeting, is so ' horse that won the first Dihner Party stake, afterwards known as the Dixie Stake, at Pimlico, in 1870, the mcst famous racing event of the time. The farm of Mr. M. H. Sanford, owner of the winner, in New Jersey, was called Preakness, and the horse was named after his home. Ths Preakness stake wns first run at Pimlico in 1873, and was won by Mr. John F. Chamberlin's Survivor. Q. When is Father's Day? T. p. A. It is celebrated on the tl'rd Sunday in June. Q. Where is Andre, the . spy, buried? E. H. A. The remains cf Major John Andre lie Westminster Abbey, where a monument was erected to his memory. Stain Removal Data Given Make your clothes last , longer. This can be accomplished by removing the spots and stains as soon as they appear. Hot water takes out fruit stains, but if you use it on a milk or egg stain it drives in and makes it worse. Soap, on the other hand, takes out grease and makes fruit strains worse. There is n remedy for every stnin —even the scorched spots on cotton and linen. Get this booklet that tells how to remove 88 different I kinds of stains. Enclose five cents! in coin to cover return postage and handling charge. THE P AMP A DAILY NEWS Published evenings except Saturday and Sunday morning by Pampa Daily NfiWS, Inc. ! 322 West Foster, Pampa, Texas. QILMORE N. NUNN, Gen. Mgr.; PHILIP B. POND, Business Mgr.; OLIN E. HINKLE, Managing BaltOt MEMBERS OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.—Full Leased Wire. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to or not otherwise credited In ;thls newspaper and also the local news published herein. All rights for re-publication of special dispatches herein also are reserved. Entered as second-class matter March 15, 1927, at the postoffice at Pampa, Texas, under the Act of March 3, 1&13. _ StTBSCRlrTtON RATES OF THE TAMPA DAtLY NEWS: By Carrier in Pomps One Year $6.00 Six Months $3.00 One Month $.60 One Week $.18 By Mail in Gray and Adjoining Counties .$5.00 Six Months $2.75 Three Months ....$1.50 One Month $.60 By Mail Outside Gray And Adjoining Counties Six Months S3.75 Three Months ....$2.10 One Month .,$.75 One Year One Year .$7.00 NOTICE—It is not the intention of this newspaper to cast reflection upon the character of anyone knowingly and if through error it should, the management will appreciate having attention called to same, and will gladly and fully correct any erroneous statement made. OUT OUR WAY - - - By WILLIAMS Use This Coupon The Pampa Dally News Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. I enclose herewith five cents in coin (rarcfully wrapped) for a copy of the booklet, Removal of Stains. Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.) 'SHUT TH' R^ELOE POOR., QUICK-COVER TH 1 CU5TAP PIES AND TH' EICE PUPPING- I CAN'T-I'M BLINDEP/ IT'S YOUR OWN FAULT, TELLIW HIM TO EMPTY A5HE5 ON A RAY LIKE THIS r GOSH-I X KNOW \ IT WA^ SO / WINDY OUT//" ) T. M. RED. U. S. PAT. OFF. I© 1936 DV NEA SERVICE. INC. BORKJ THIRTY YEARS TOO SOOM. VO>tV..,W6 A 60S OF AU_ R \6V\T, VAOMt. A'U. YE.UVOU How About It, Steve? By|MARTIN TO\_O VOO W3.OGT VOt ~V HOW COMt vttv.'b ^o aixo NBOOT H\M , Kj'fVOu O/KT 60V.O .._ . SWXVAy.VYE. INC. T. M. REG. U. S. PAT. OFF. FRECKLES AND HIS FRIENDS ^\ HE DIDW'T MEAWTD DO rr.' IT WAS SATAN WHO MA HIM SMELL. THOSE SAUSAGES? No Sympathy V ByBLOSSER SATAM MAY HAVE MADE HIM SMELL THEM, BUT TEARING 'EM OFF 1HE W* 0 * ASHISOWN WHATS THE MATTER, HERMAN ~? WHAT DID THE: KID DO? */ I'M GOWWA HOLD You UNTIL YOUR PA/S FOR THAT MEAT!.' HIS DOG TORE FIVE POUNDS OF SAUSAGE OFF A HOOK! THAT'S THE FOURTH TIME IN TV« DAYS ! HE'S COSTING THE STORE PLENTY-' WELL, IF THOSE SAUSAGES WERE AS STRONG AS THE ONES ^tOU SOLD ME LAST WEEK j THEY'LL COME BACK r-f UNDER THEIR OWN POWER.' MYRA NORTH, SPECIAL NURSE Lew Wen Has Plans COME, COME, COLONEL- WHY AGE YOU NOT JOINING THE CELEBSA- TIOM OF THE CAPTURE OF THE ENEMY? FEIEWP WY5TEE ALSO 6OME-TRUE ? THEN WE FIND WY5TER -- WE ALSO FIND NURSE NOETH - SIMPLE.' JACK, BACK AT HAE.LJM, AFTER D15JCOVEE- HOW CAN I, WHEWICAWT MVEA? DEAD, v ' f=> VERY MUCH PI5£OUR- AQED AMD ATALO55 AS TO WHAT TO DO By THOMPSON AND COME, MY FKIEMD -THE EMPEROR WOULP HAVE US ATTEND RECEPTION At PALACE, IN HONOR OF VICTORY-YOU QUEST OF HONOR- LEW WEN THEN HELP FINP CUA.EMIWG LADY f 1 OKAY, LEW WEN-YOU'EE A PRINCE? S' EAWWHLE, IN THE CABIN OF HYSTER'S PLANE. A CONFERENCE 15 TAKIMO PLACE, WITH PRPEVRIE5 COIMQ MO5T OF THE.TAUCI.WG ALLEY OOP SO YOU WANTj I MY HOME 15 NOT VERY US TO BE s^~^\'F&R FROM HERE-BUTSEEIN' YOUR. / WHERE AAS HOW OUR DINOSAURS GUESTS? (DO YOU / HAVE SKEDADDLED, IT LOOKS AS IF WE'LL -, ^ HAFTA WALK/ Paradise? (JUS' FOLLOW ME AN' KEEP YER EYES VJ^-^^UA, A-^^V/'-K^ OPEKJ -WE |> 55ST- U^THEREIS^HMAY RUN > I DON'T \SUMPIN QUEER^WTO SOME iTRUSTTHIsl WUTTHI5- lOIFPlCULT/ •- 4 FELLOW - ABUT I'LL WATCH £/ WE'RE MAKE ALL RIGHT- NEARLY THERE- By HAMLIN WELL, FOLKS HERE WE ARE- 00 YOU LlKfc'lt-'' HOYKAWOW/ LOOKIT /VVHY, ALLEY, WHAT A PERFECTLY 6EAUTIFUL PLACE' >^wps^.^. ^© 1938 BY N6A SERVICE, INC. T. M BEQ. ll a BAT. Olf. -A

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