Mm fiwnttg Tuesday, Dee. 29, 1970 • t * What We think abOUt* * • Airport controversy Listen* 8 loss Holdup would be costly True Idve doesn't necessarily hold ex* etosive tttle to the rocky road ahead. Public projects of any kind nearly all can claim large shares of the non-smooth course. And the bigger they are, customarily the rougher the going gets. Certainly no exception to the rule is the proposed East Side airport, The project is fast developing into a joint effort between the city of St. Louis, which long has owned and operated Lambert Field; and the state of Illinois. Most of St. Louis' city authorities long have expressed their support for such an airport. Illinois already has moved to make finances available for a starter, and a study has been made to determine its location. For some time, also, counter moves have been in the making. Those on the Illinois side who didn't want the airport located within buzzing distance of their cars have been protesting. St. Louis county authorities, in due response to the home folks who insist they already provide a majority of the patronage for Lambert Field oppose location in Illinois — farther from their homes. Within the past few days a new antibody, which for some time has been known to murmur on the subject, has spoken out vociferously. Leaders of St. Louis construction unions have come out into the open with a threat to carry the matter into courts if necessary to block construction of the airport on the Illinois side of the river. The opposing spokesmen make no bones about the basis of their objections. It's threatened loss of dues to their unions, even though a number of craftsmen from the Missouri side would be needed to help in the vast construction job. It would be regrettable, indeed, if the project had to be held up for years, and in the end face possible defeat •— with its attendant plenty of jobs for all — as the St. Louis construction unions' court opposition wound on through a maze of complicated litigation. And complicated H probably would be, since it would involve ft municipality and ft state, perhaps the federal government; and maybe even a second state — Missouri, In the process, the benefits that could be expected, if they arose, the whole Question of location and development for the airport could be given a thorough public airing, But in the meantime the public, itself, would have to consider that construction costs would be pursuing their customary course upward. The delay might mean a matter of millions in the completion cost. Meanwhile, an answer on a closely-allied subject is up in the air: St. Louis University wants to sell Parks Air College. Southern Illinois University at Edwardsvllle would like to buy it. But the Illinois Board of Higher Education suggests the university must choose between that and something else in the current tight budget situation. Readers forum Holiday (ED NOTE: Forum contributors evidently took a holiday during the Christmas season. Enough letters were left over (ram previous mails for Monday's column, but Monday's delivery contained not a single contribution.) Danse Macabre \ John Roche Basic politics hard to figure If you believe that politics amounts to something considerably more than a personality contest, you must try to figure out what the basic lines of principle are that separate, • say, .liberals from conservatives, To put it in personal terms, by , my standards James Buckley was the most personable candidate for senator from New York, but I would have voted for Richard Ottinger. On a different level, I think that Justice William 0. Douglas has been writing historical drivel, but his long-time record on the Supreme Court will be recalled when his talent for New Left fables has long sunk into oblivion. Anyone who .spends his life following lines of principle, and hunting for them in every context, is a candidate for a lunatic asylum. We have seen some of this lunacy recently in the great snipe hunt against the Chase Manhattan Bank for allegedly, singlehandedly .maintaining the Afrikaners in power in the Republic of South Africa. I despise apartheid, but getting colleges and universities to transfer their accounts to some other bank is simply ridiculous. First, it fails completely to affect the structure of the international money market, and, second, it stands South African reality on its head: the Afrikaners run the show because they have a monopoly on violence, not a checkbook on Chase Manhattan. Third, and perhaps worst of all, it gives those who sponsor the boycott a feeling they have accomplished something, when in fact they have been playing games. We have just been through the annual charade at the United Nations — called, in State Department jargon, "Chirep" - that is, the question of the admission of Peking. And several nations — Canada and Italy most notably — have recently recognized Red China. This is an issue that brings the symbolists out in force. The right-wingers even managed to crank up the old Committee of One Million to oppose the admission of Red China. But if one looks at the United Nations in any sensible perspective, it is a fake issue. While both Peking and Taipei bitterly deny it, the fact is that there are now, and have been for 20 years, "two Chinas" (in fact, there are three: Chinese constitute a bigger percentage of the population of Singapore than of Taiwan). To admit Peking to the U.N., or to recognize Mao's regime, is not to provide it with a character reference. Bishop James Walsh, who was released after 12 years in a Red Chinese jail, did praise the Maoites for "an absolute ban and prohibition on all manifestations of immorality and indecency in regard to theatrical displays, or publicity, or action," and Peking has disposed of its "Weathermen" by sending them out to farm in Sinkiang, but these attributes are still irrelevant. The main point is that membership in the United Nations should be passed out without editorials when in fact a group of people run a country. This is as true of Rhodesia as it is of Red China. And the same proposition should govern recognition by the U.S. There are real issues of principle. From my viewpoint the handling of the would-be Soviet defector, Simas Kudirka, to whom the Coast Guard refused asylum, was an outrage against our ideals. Similarly, any American efforts to force a withdrawal upon; the Israelis or a coalition government on Saigon would be a betrayal of our fundamental commitment to our allies in the struggle against totalitarian aggression. Matters of this sort are on an entirely different level. Not just because I happen to feel strongly about them, but because decisions about such matters would have consequence in the real world. We might suggest the Alf College be tied In some manner to the airport and purchased Initially in coimetsttoti with that development, pending completion of flte airport, It could be kept alive and operating under a contract between developers of the airport , and the university, provided there appeared a definite prospect that the travel center would be established on the Illinois side, Coverage will continue The Telegraph and its readers have lost a faithful, veteran writer with resignation of Joe Listen, longtime Carlinville correspondent. The affable Listen was our eyes, ears and writer covering diy, county and area news. He held a keen, personal interest in people, government and their newsworthy activities. . .. His colorful newswriting career has included many major stories which went worldwide via the Associated Press and United Press International. Jack Anderson A familiar face around the courthouse in covering the news, including many trials, now, Joe as a new bailiff will be more deeply involved and less able to avoid conflict of interest, thus his resignation. His brother Robert's wife, Mrs. Helen Listen, who has spelled him at different times, and is an experienced writer, will assume the post, Mrs, Listen Joins our news team covering the northern counties of the Telegraph area, including Mrs, Mary Hazelwood, Jerseyville Bureau; assisted by Earl Maucker; and Mm. Mary Duncan of Gillespte; backed up by, central office reporters, Our coverage will continue to include staff attendance at most meetings of school boards, city councils, county boards, and special taxing districts, and other important events, We'll miss Joe and his .contacts, but we'll continue to devote the efforts of many newsgatherers to keep the Telegraph area informed on Macoupin County affairs. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY Soldiers all know army is floundering WASHINGTON -The Army is in trouble. From the gold braid that adorns General Westmoreland's cap to the mud that clings to the footslogger's boots. The system is floundering. The brass know it. The noncoms know it. The GIs know it. What they all know, however, the Army is reluctant to admit. Official spokesmen give only partial answers or no answers at all to inquiries. To find out what's wrong with the Army, we have talked to GI's and generals alike from the Potomac to the Rhine, from Seoul to Saigon. Here are the. stark facts: > — GIs are deserting in droves. In 1970, 52 out of every 1,000 soldiers risked court-martial to escape from the Army. This three times the desertion rate just five years ago. — Discipline is lax, approaching outright insurrection in some units. Lawful orders' given under combat conditions are often ignored. Soldiers publicly participate in unauthorized demonstrations. Underground newspapers, some openly seditious, are flourishing. Lawsuits to protect soldiers' rights, unheard of just a few years ago, are becoming commonplace. The first sergeant is no longer God, But just another misguided "lifer." — The Army is literally going to pot. Marijuana is as abundant as the monsoon mud in Vietnam. Hard drugs can be purchased for pocket change in Saigon. Army hospitals have become havens of drug abuse. — Racial tension is simmering on many Army posts. Blacks and whites work together, by day, segregate and fight by night. Many militants frankly intend to use their Army training to wage guerrilla warfare against the U.S. — Too many officers put promotions ahead of patriotism. A combat'com- mand, for example, has become' an unwritten requirement for field grade promotions, especially for colonels seeking their first Victor Riesel EDITOR'S NOTE: Frequently and heavily among 1970's big black headlines were those whipped up by labor and Its leaders. Next year, they'll be up there again, only more so. This column, therefore, is the first of several Victor Riesel will write before year's end on labor, its plans, strategy and Impact on 1971 • WASHINGTON — At 76, labor leader George Meany is about the most deceptive- looking curmudgeon in town. Stocky, baldish, cigar- chewing and Bronx-accented, he is the perfect foil for his journalistic critics and picadors. But actually he is an amalgam of Cardinal Richelieu, Metternich and Moshe Dayan — and the coming -two years will evidence this repeatedly. The AFL-CIO president, no longer hobbled by almost insufferable hip and leg pains (cured by a successful steel pin operation in '66), will fan his organizers, troops and Forum writers, note The Telegraph welcomes prose expressions of its reader's own opinions. Writers' names and addresses must be published with their letters. Contributions should be con- else, preferably not exceeding 150 words, and are subject to condensation. George Meany is most deceptive looking curmudgeon lobbyists in many directions in '71. There will be no bugles, no massive anonuncements of massive goals. But there will be, for example, a push to organize the working poor. And this drive will range from deep in the heart of Texas to the inner core of northern megalopolises. The potential is in the millions, on the big vegetable and citrus ranches, far beyond California, in the hospitals, the . backs of restaurants, the laundries, the sanitation services, nursing homes and hundreds of small plants all the way from Arkansas, Colorado, Oklahoma to Florida. There will be no rhetoric. But there will be the strategic talent of national AFL-CIO organization director Bill Kircher, who has been one of the anonymous ones whose infighting has allowed Cesar Chavez to stride in the sun ahead of farm workers and la huelga banners. So BUI Kircher and his-field staff will not come to the Spanish-speaking and black workers without knowledge of their- ways and mores. And they are legion — by the millions. But they are not the only targets. There is the other end of the spectrum; the scientists; the engineers; the statisticians; the researchers, frightened by layoffs, insecure in the bewilderment of sudden joblessness and loss of status, knowledgeable of the '30s and thus, almost hysterical, albeit quietly. Among them, too, will go the AFL-CIO's organizers. Thus Meany's forces will shuttle between the inner and outer cities, the unskilled, the ultra-skilled and the semiskilled intellectuals. Wherever possible the AFL- CIO will work in tandem with the Teamsters or the auto workers. And in labor's rarely opened sanctums there is no doubt that the Teamsters brotherhood will be back inside the AFL-CIO by year's end (if President Nixon doesn't pardon Jimmy Hoffa so the ex-convict can walk back into the presidency). Make not light of all this. The stakes are high — politically as well as industrially. The old Eugene Victor Debs slogan of "workers of hand and brain unite" has electrifying implications for this decade. And George Meany means to weld these forces. While his men are in the open fields and asphalt jungles, there is the Hill. Don't forget the Hill, Meany never does. The AFL-CIO has the most powerful lobby in Congressional corridors. These lobbyists are the in- t i m a t e s, sometimes the strategists, often the money raisers, sometimes the unlicensed psychiatrists and planners of senators and representatives who head Congress' most powerful committees. So this will be one of the roughest legislative -years in history. Labor wants to raise the current minimum wage of $1.60 an hour to $2. There are some Congressmen who are more loyal than the king.and will ask for a $2.50 an hour minimum. Furthermore, they just don't want the additional money to cover those already under minimums. They want the coverage extended to an additional 17 million workers. These are mostly in retail and service work, government employ and on farms. "We're going to push the President very hard," says one of Meany's closest aides, "We'll push for public service employment; for national health insurance, and heavy spending; full funding on schools, education; family assistance programs, tremendous housing con* struction and full employment. "I'm not just talking to make conversation. We have an ancient rule of lobbying > — don't threaten, don't fake, juet get in there and push hard. We will." There's a lot more in the bag with which labor means to do its thing. And there's one difference. For the first time, there is no. Walter Reuther. The tragic redhead's death took with him the oratorical fire which signed George Meany and absorbed so much of his time and emotion. "Walter" could mock and sting and paint glowing sunsets across imaginary horizons for masses of his people. But, basically, he was a lone*. George Meany never was one for thrust and riposte. He is the organization man. Once during dinner someone said to him, "George, you sure had courage to tackle John Lewis at that convention." And Meany retorted: "Not courage, I had the votes," star. Generals also move up the ladder faster if they have combat records. For the sake of their careers, combat commands in Vietnam have been rotated every six to eight months. Consequently, the troops are constantly being led by green officers. Human life literally has become a means to an end for ambitious officers. The dirt soldiers die, their parents get flag-draped coffins, and the generals receive the kudos. — Generals also feel they need medals to add to their luster. These are handed out to just about every general who takes a helicopter ride over a battlefield. Almost half of the generals back from Vietnam last year, most of them swivel-chair commanders, came home decorated for bravery in combat. Colonels in charge of battalions get decorated so automatically that their medals have become known as the "battalion commanders' packets." Among the enlisted men who do most of the fighting and dying, in contrast, only one in ten was decorated for bravery. ' — It is also drilled into officers that the way to get ahead is to conform and never to criticize. Efficiency reports, which largely determine promotions, measure conformity rather than ability. Able officers who raise criticisms get low ratings. The inevitable result is that the Army has come under the sway of mediocre officers. — In recruiting for the ranks, the Army promises soft jobs for those who enlist. Those who are shanghaied — the draftees, the poor, the black, the dull, the walking wounded — are thrown into the foxholes. The best men invariably get the choice, rear-echelon assignments. Thus the cream become the bureaucrats. The dregs become the dirt soldiers. In other words, the purpose of the Army is to fight, yet its policy is keep the best men out of combat. A federal study of cigarette pollution in airliners will conclude, say insiders, that the tobacco smoke is no health hazard to non-smoking passengers. Public Health Service researchers, working out of the Cincinnati office, have logged hundreds of hours aloft with sensitive equipment designed to measure the level of air contamination in airliner cabins. They attribute passenger complaints about eye irritations and nose-throat dryness to the low humidity and high ozone content. Under federal regulations, the cabin air in airliners must be completely replaced every three minutes. The study, which will be released in late. January or early February, is expected to cite the rapid air turnover as one reason that smoking passengers cause no health problem for non-smoking passengers. Indeed,, the 12-question passenger survey forms (more than 4,000 have already been collected) indicate that few non-smokers really want to ban smoking aboard planes. The scramble over the Republican party chairmanship is heating up. President Nixon's first choices were anti-poverty czar Don Rumsfeld, legislative aide Bryce Harlow or the defeated Texas Senate candidate George Bush. Both Rumsfeld and Harlow firmly declined the honor, and Bush preferred to go to the United Nations. The outgoing chairman, Rep. Rogers C. B. Morton, submitted a list of candidates. His top choices: Bush and Tom Kleppe, who •was defeated for the Senate in North Dakota. Meanwhile, Sen. Bob Dole, the Kansas conservative is campaigning vigorously for the GOP chairmanship. The Federal Communications Commission is taking a stern look at the charges ior hooking data transmission equipment into the telephone system. Equipment built by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company can be leased and connected to the phone lines without additional attachments. But the equipment of independent firms is plugged into the phone system through data access units, which must be leased from AT & T. The independent manufacturers have complained that the access units are unnecessary and that the extra cost makes their equipment noncompetitive. Only about 2 per cent of the 135,000 data transmission sets attached to the Bell system are now made by outside companies. This near monopoly could be broken if the FCC requires standardized equipment, which would eliminate the added cost and inconvenience of the data access units. What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 years ago DECEMBER 2», 1945 Breaking a three-month deadlock Russia finally •Jgned herself behind Anglo-American proposals to put atomic energy controls up to the United nations and in turn won a voice in control of beaten Japan. The meeting officially re-united the three top witOwe Allies jn their efforts to solve the problems Of peace, and resulted to simultaneous an. I The necessity fox a unified democratfe and Independent China under the national government iwaded by Gefleratejjno Chiang Kai-Saek; It Establishment of a provisional government (or Korea wittt nrosnects of independence , within five I t years; 3. Broadening the governments of Romania and Bulgaria and plans for concluding peace treaties with them along with Italy, Hungary and Finland. Robert F. Cook, former army technical sergeant and two-year veteran of the South Pacific, died of carbon monoxide gas poisoning at North Hatte, Neb., in his car. He apparently had been running the engine to keep warm. Madison County's total 1945 assessed valuation including railroad and capital stock assessments fixed by the state revenue department totaled $100,644,536, a net decrease of WU72 under tie previous year, Bing Crosby, for the second consecutive year, was ranked the No. 1 box office attraction, m picture "Going My Way" bad grossed ?8,<MO,QQ0. Winners through the years of the balloting conducted by the Motion Picture Herald were Betty Grable, 1943; Abbott and Costello, 1942; Mickey Rooney, 1941-40-39; Shirley Temple, 1938-37-36-35; Will Rogers, 1934; and Marie Dressier in 1933-32. Alton was eliminated from the Centralia tournament by Marion 65-50. Alton had earlier been defeated by West Frankfort but won over Pontiac to reach consolation pairings. 50 years ago DECEMBER ?t, Wl Gabriel D'Annunzjo, Fiume rebellion leader previously repwted slain, agreed to a conference with Italian leaders over settlement, and a truce was begun. Jn Washington, President Wilson Dejected a $150,000 offer from, a syndicate for an article on a topic of his own selection. He didn't think any such article was worth ?J50,000, he said, During a professional visit to Alton, Madison Mayor (Attorney) Ferd Qaresche said he Intended to exercise all possible power to curtail activities of bootleggers in his community. State's Attorney J. p. Streuber had announced a county-wide-campalgn against illicit liquor, ana observers predicted that such a crackdown in the village of Madison could well make it possible for other communities in the. county to clean up their problems, Two areas in the Alton district « at the mouth of toe Illinois River pi to the St. Clair county moundbuUderg region - were listed in a proposed program of state park development. The program bad been presented at a conference of state and national beauty-oriented organizations at the University of Chicago, and the legislative program was being prepared by Harlan B. Kauffman, newly* elected representative from the tenth district. Mayor Sauvage announced he intended to press before the Public Utilities Commission the city's stand that the Alton Water Co. should be responsible for service lines between its mates and the property lines of all users, Toe commission had issued an order sustaining this stand in the cases of Michael Maboney on Mechanic street, and more recently J, W, Gratian on Sixth street, who had filed a complain! of non-compliance witb the francnise jawisjone. Alton Box $o«rd Co. manager E. c. Evanj an. nounced the firm would be the first factory jn toe area to resume full operations following genera) slowdowns during the economic simp.
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