Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois on July 8, 1975 · Page 6
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Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois · Page 6

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Freeport, Illinois
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Tuesday, July 8, 1975
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Page 6
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AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER Published daily except Sunday and six legal holidays by The Freeport Journal-Standard Publishing Company FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD TUESDAY, JULY 8, 1975 FREEPORT, ILLINOIS Not So Equal If federal revenue sharing is to be continued, and in all likelihood Congress will approve its extension, its promoters are going to have to convince the doubters that two of its most obvious deficiencies will be attacked. As so often happens, when the government attacks a problem, it often becomes worse, but some attempt should be made to channel the revenue sharing allotments to places where it is genuinely needed. Also, something needs to be said about the ridiculous bureaucratic buck-passing that happens when smaller units of government attempt to administer revenue sharing funds. One other complaint is that many townships are bankrolling their allocations instead of seriously trying to find deserving programs for aid. Revenue sharing was discussed by six mayors in a nationally televised interview Sunday. Larger metropolitan areas feel they need more money, and most of the mayors are supporting a $2 billion supplemental aid proposal for the big cities. The crux of the argument against more massive aid to large cities was expressed by the rriayor of Houston, Tex., who wondered why his metropolis, which received $16 million, should subsidize places such as New York City. "We pay in much more than we get," he observed. • With inequities and inefficient administration standing out like sore thumbs here and elsewhere, the federal government continues to dole put tax dollars, with deficits mounting daily. Yet congressmen speak radiantly, of the success of the program! The major question to be answered is whether state, municipal, county and township government can be depended upon to expedite reasonable distribution of the allocated moneys. In some cases, the performance has been good, but in others poor. Are the bad examples going to jeopardize the entire program or, perhaps a more pertinent question, can the federal government continue to afford reve- ftue sharing? ' : It strikes us as weird to have the President say on the one hand that the federal government cannot continue to violate budgetary tjeason and proclaim the greatness of federal revenue sharing on the cither hand. Then the President asks Congress to give 25 per cent of federal gasoline tax revenues to the states and put 50 per cent into the general treasury. Ford is indeed living up to his reputation as the great compromiser. Rediscovering History '.{ One of the byproducts of Bicentennial Year, and one that should tie of lasting value, has been the opportunity to look back at the history of the last two centuries and make a new appraisal of them. In doing so, we become aware that many of our notions about history vyere oversimplified or even dead wrong. ; Too much of history has been only part truth, and the rest the historian's version of truth, which is frequently indistinguishable from propaganda. ,'"''• , ; ; • - ; : '; Our elementary school text books, written simply and for simple minds, depicted all the patriots as heroes of trie first .order and all Tories as either villainous collaborators with the hated redcoats, or at least mere stuffed shirts. The truth seems to be that many of those Tories, who formed a considerably larger segment of the population than we realized when we were children absorbing history, were loath to cut themselves loose from a civilization and culture that had produced free institutions from Magna Charta onward, and which they feared might be lost in a struggling independent group of colonies with unformed concepts and no traditional-guide lines. ]_ • It need not diminish our veneration of the patriots to gain a better rounded view of what actually took place. But, in developing new perspectives on history it is extremely necessary to develop the right ones, not just new wrong ones. ;- It was the demand for better perspectives on the history of the Negro which inspired the movement for including black studies among the courses in schools and colleges. But these have not produced versions of history acceptable to all who ask for the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth, and some are under scrutiny and serious criticism. Yet some of the ideas about our forefathers, their adversaries, and about the whole course of history from the voyages of the Vikings onward have been equally short of reliable. :- The experience may be a good corrective for persons alive today, vrtio are used to the notion that they are not told enough about what is. going on in government at any level, but have retained a faith that wZhat they learned in their history books is an authentic picture of the past. - Protection For Whales A present serious concern of ecologists is the protection of the diminishing population of whales, believed to be nearing extinction because of the ruthless slaughter of the giant mammals of the sea for their oil, blubber and meat. '.. The protection of all species is of concern to people, who feel compassion for threatened minorities, whether animal, vegetable or mineral. It is also of concern to naturalists who wish to protect all species for their scientific interest, whether they be whooping cranes or prairie dogs. : We are accustomed to accept the measure of concern felt by ecologists and naturalists, and to share in it. But sometimes the thought occurs to even the kindest hearted, to ask just what value there is in saving present species from extinction and reviving some that have already become extinct, if that should prove possible. It is a fact that we have got on very well without the dinosaurs and other leviathan reptiles of bygone eras and wduld find their presence extremely embarrassing if they were running or crawling around today. To be sure, the dinosaurs were vegetarians, but the sum total of their food requirements was colossal, and would have been hard to supply today. Nevertheless, we are for the preservation of the whale, and wish the Russians and Japanese, who are the chief predators in the whale hunt, would slow down and not keep killing them off at the present alarming rate. The products for which they are sougat are used for such purposes as lubricating oils, shoe polish and other commodities that could be otherwise manufactured. ^ Another and different perspective on the whale is to be gained fijjpm the great classic "Moby Dick," by Herman Melville, which its admirers have declared to be one of the greatest pieces of fiction ever written, but which others have found mystifying and almost unreadable. Whether much of the present concern for saving the whale from the Russian and Japanese whalers is due in part to "Moby Dick" we wouldn't know, but at any rate all right-minded folk should be for saving the spouters of the deep from extermination, and we hope their crusade will succeed. MAX LERNER WHEN 1 *AY, v POWN, gOY," I WANT YOU RACK IN YOUR •»• *Vj^.TV«»«jr WILLIAM SHANNON The Wallace Frenzy WASHINGTON - How can jt be that after everything this nation has already suffered in the last dozen years, some Americans actually contemplate inflicting ;Geprge C. Wallace upon the country as President? Crippled and periodically sick as a result of the murderous attack on his life, Wallace is now fully as well as intellectually and morally unqualified to perform the duties of a president. Yet here he is once again seeking the office, making an impact in the public opinion polls, and worrying the Democrats to distraction. The newest Wallace myth is that since Franklin D. Roosevelt served as President even though confined to a wheelchair; Wallace's physical condition should be no barrier to his election. But Roosevelt's polio and Wallace's gunshot wounds had quite different medical consequences. Despite the paralysis of his leg muscles, Roosevelt for most of his time in the White House glowed with vitality and robust good health. He regularly worked a 10-hour day and kept up a heavy schedule of appointments. By contrast, Wallace keeps to a restricted schedule and has to conserve his energy. On medical grounds alone, his candidacy is a preposterous imposition on the public. His political pose as a potential Democratic candidate for President is equally fraudulent. There is no serious prospect that he will become the Democratic nominee. In the highly unlikely event that he should obtain the nomination, a new party would immediately be formed to represent the millions of Democrats who could not stomach ' him. • , ' His selection as a vice presidential nominee is likewise improbable. Any candidate who chose him as his run, ning.mate would have to recognize that he might be signing his own death warrant. There are scores of lunatics in this country who would deem it an honor to assassinate a president in order thereby to boost George Wallace into the White House. Presidential candidates are usually hungry for votes, but are they that hungry? Third Party After he fails to win either place on the Democratic ticket, Wallace will form a third party. A split between the Wallaceites and the rest of the Democrats is certain. It is neither possible nor desirable to avoid it. From Wallace's standpoint, his venture into the Democratic primaries is another pleasurable opportunity to discharge venom and mischief as well as generate publicity. It would, of course, be more honorable and straightforward if he stayed clear of the Democrats and confined himself to his own one-man tent show, the American Independent Party. But his overriding interests, like those of many demagogues, are turmoil and self- dramatization. The thrill of being center stage and in the spotlight, the pleasure of verbal attack and innuendo, the baiting of the press corps, the roar of the crowd these are the addictive satisfactions of politics for Wallace as they were for the late Joseph R. McCarthy. For such men, power itself is an idle dream and the actual burdens of office.are more often shirked than sought. To Be .Welcomed From the Democratic Party's standpoint, Wallace's'ultimate departure into his own.third party is an event to tfe welcomed. In 1968, his independent candidacy almost elected Hubert Humphrey. Post-election surveys showed that although most Wallace voters were nominal Democrats, they would have ; favored Richard Nixon over Humphrey in a two-man race by a margin of 5-to-4. The Wallace candidacy in that election not only whittled Nixon's popular margin but also deprived him of the electoral votes of the five Southern states that Wallace carried. What was true then would be true again in 1976. A Wallace candidacy would, on balance, hurt President Ford more than it would a liberal Democrat. The persistence of Wallace's political strength, however - despite his lack of seriousness, the emptiness of his "program," and the fraudulence of his posing as a Democrat - is a sinister phenomenon. His appeal derives its motive power from racial hatreds and fears and from the popular fantasy that there can be simple answers to complex problems such as crime, poverty and economic injustice. Any vote cast for him is a selfish vote, a defeatist vote, a self-pitying vote. Instead of asking what candidate would be best for the whole country, a Wallace voter says, in effect: "My frustrations and resentments are more important than anything else. I am mad at the blacks, the television announcers, the rich, the fedsral judges, the bureaucrats - and I am going to punish them all by voting for .George Wallace." Beneath the nasty innuendoes and the false bravado, there is the whine of self-pity in the Wallace propaganda themes. He remains a viable political force because too many Americans feel sorry for themselves, and.he makes their puling heard in the land. New York Times Service EDITORIALS AND COLUMNS The opinions of The Journal- Standard are expressed in the editorial columns on the left-hand side of the page. The ppinions expressed by the various syndicated columnists are their own, and no endorsement of their various views which often conflict - should be inferred. Chahging Challenges For The College Presidents SAN FftANCISCO - There is an old story about Charles W. Eliot, who was a dominating .figure as .president,of Harvard.. Theodore Roosevelt, who happened to be President of the United States,- called him'from Washington. It was a few minutes before Eliot's secretary could Veach him. Then she said, "President Eliot is ready to talk to Mr. Roosevelt." True, or not, it says something about how college presidents were once valued. Things .have changed. The number has grown a hundredfold, and so have their trials and harassments. From the loneliest little college to the giant state multiversity, the presidents are faced by never-ending ordeals. I have been meeting, as I do every summer, with the crop of newly chosen college presidents - more than 40 of them - under the creative guidance of the Presidents' Institute. During the turbulence of the late '60s, the best you could do for the incoming presidents was to give them a kind of field manual for the battlefield. Things are considerably calmer today. But for many colleges - especially for the private ones -. the battle has shifted but is still there. It is a battle for sheer financial survival. Leaving Their Mark I had the advantage of hearing Clark . Kerr's talk before I did my own stint. Kerr, who had been through the fiery furnace as chancellor of the University of California at Berkeley, during the violent '60s, and has since headed the Carnegie Commission on Higher Education, talked of the great Presidents of the past and the long terms they had - from 20 years for David Starr Jordan to 40 for Eliot. They were able to leave their mark on their colleges and on the intellectual community. Today's Presidents don't average much more than five years, not nearly long enough to get the feel of their jobs before they move on. Their roles have shifted with each era. In the early days they^were institution builders. At the start*of our century Thornstein Veblen, in his scorching book on "The Higher Learning In America," called them "captains of industry." In the '60s they became pacifiers; in the early 70s, chancellors of the exchequer. Now they are moving, Kerr says, into a new role - that of merchant ven- turers. They have to go out on forays for more students to fill an overbuilt, overexpanded college plant. They have to venture also for new curricula that will meet the shifting needs of the society, If they move with the changing society they have a chance, he says, to achieve the stature that.the early presidents had. , ; f In my own view everything depends on whether the presidents manage to ride and master the shifting currents and channel them in healthy directions. It isn't enough for an intellectual leader to change with changing conditions. He must set new intellectual tides and climates in motion. Climate Of Ideas Any president who is even half worth his salt must thus become something of a climate shaper. I speak of the climate of ideas, which is the crucial force in the destiny of every society. Legislatures have to operate within it, and courts; trade unions, corporations, schools, even Presidents of the United States. We go by two time clocks. On the faster one the media do much to shape our climate. On the slower one, the colleges do much. It is a case of Ezekiel's wheel within the wheel. A college 1 ! president will be tempted to respond to his most urgent needs. For the public universities there is the present clamor for "accountability," which is mostly foolishness. The only true accountability is that of teacher and student to each other: All the rest is minor. , For the private colleges the problem is financial survival. It will be a disaster if more of the private colleges have to go under or if they are absorbed by the larger public ones. For, roughly speaking, the operating costs of public institutions are higher, their freedoms more limited, their rapport with the student thinner. In either type of college the new presidents will have to deal with these urgencies, but even more they will have to become leaders of their intellectual, communities. That is what Eliot, Jordan and the other great presidents did in the earlier days, and that is what the new crop will have to do today. Los Angeles Times Letters TO THE EDITOR Indian Gardens Comment Editor Journal-Standard: We still subscribe to The Journal- Standard, even though we moved from the home town over 20 years ago. We like to keep up with the city and county news and en joy, all of it., . .• , . I couldn't resist adding a bit to Albert Balz's comment, who happens to be my favorite brother-in-law, my only one, in his letter to the editor on Friday, June 27 on Indian Gardens. I believe that one other part of the swimming in "The Cut" that made it enjoyable was the mud slide. Now I wonder how many might remember f that part of the Gardens. I will agree it was not easy to enter the Gardens but youth didn't mind a bit of hiking to that area for a bit of fun. LES WITTE Statesboro, Ga. Law For Today Non Taxable , Q. Will I have to report my federal income tax rebate on my 1975 Illinois income tax return? A. No. The Illinois Department of Revenue has ruled that the rebate is not taxable income. - Illinois State Bar Assn. Letters to the Kditor must be signed when submitted and addresses given. The newspaper encourages readers to express their opinions but it reserves the right to ,rejeet letters which are considered libelous, in bad taste, not in the public interest or Illiterate. All letters are subject to condensation. Names of- writers of letters on controversial subjects may sometimes be withheld. The newspaper •encourages Identification of letter writers but names will be withheld if the request is deemed justifiable. A 300-word limit to letters is encouraged. THE BETTER HALF By Barnes 1975, The Register and Tribune Syndicate I'll stop off on my way home from work and buy a TV dinner for supper/Shall I get one for you, too, or do you plan to sleep late?" Washington Report On 'Jaws WASHINGTON - The great white shark swam back and forth in the reflecting pool in front of the Lincoln Memorial. A Democratic congressman was skinny-dipping in the pool with his girlfriend after a hard day's work. Suddenly the shark's eyes spotted the body in the water and attacked. His huge jaws clamped the torso of the congressman who screamed once before disappearing into the depths of the pool as .a pinkish red circle of blood rose to the top. The frightened girl ran to a park policeman. "A shark in the reflecting pool just ate a Democratic congressman." The park policeman wrote all the information dbwn, and at the end of his shift reported it to his superiors. The next morning his superior turned in a report to the Department of the Interior. Three days later the report landed orUhe desk of the secretary of the interior who thought he'd better make a report to the White House. The President learned about it the following morning. He called a meeting of the National Security Council. "What should we do?" the President asked. "We ought to' close the reflecting pool," someone suggested. Not Good For Tourism "But this is the height of the tourist season/' the President said. "If word ART BUCHWALD gets out about the shark no one will come to Washington." "Yet if we don't act arid another Democratic congressman gets killed by the shark they might accuse us of a cover-up," an aide pointed out. "I think the first thing to do is to find out (low the shark got there. Does anyone know if the CIA put a shark in the reflecting pool?" the President said. The director of the CIA replied, "If they did, it was without my permission. I'll call the shark division to make sure." •'> The director came back in a few moments. "They say it wasn't them. And they don't think it was Howard Hughes." "The Soviets wouldn't put a shark in the reflecting pool, would they?" the President asked. "Not while the SALT talks are going on," the secretary of state said. Closing Down Washington? "Sir," the aide said, "it's our responsibility to alert Congress that there is a shark in the reflecting pool even if it means closing down Washington." "Maybe the shark will swim away," the President said hopefully. "To Vir- ginja." "We're taking a terrible chance. We have to warn Congress that they can't go skinny-dipping in the reflecting pool." "I don't see why," the President said. "They haven't passed one bill I've asked them to. I don't owe them anything." "But as President it's your job to alert the country when a shark is in its territorial waters," the aide argued. "I think we should give it another week or two," the President said. "If the shark eats another congressman I'll close down the pool." Soft On Sharks "That will be too late. The'Demo- crats will charge you with being soft on sharks in 1976. You've got to take some kind of .action now." "Oh, all right. Nelson, how about setting up a National Shark Commission to investigate any illegal domestic acts by sharks in the United States? I want a full report in six months, and this time, Nelson, let me announce the results for a change." "Yes, sir, Mr. President." "Well, that should take care of the matter," the President said. "And let's keep this quiet. We don't want to spoil Congress' summer." Los Angeles Tunes

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