The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on October 16, 1956 · Page 29
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 29

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, October 16, 1956
Page 29
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The first step to get off to a good start with a herd of gilts is to separate them from the fattening hogs early, like this farmer has done. Then they'll never have a chance to get too fat. Give them only about %' as much feed as you give your fattening hogs and be sure they get all the essentials of a good sow-ration. Feed Sows Right for bigger, healthier litters /\ balanced ration which supplies all the needed vitamins, minerals, protein and energy is a must for brood sows and gilts. It affects the number, strength and Weight.of the pigs farrowed. A good ration will cut down on the number of pigs born dead and increase the weight of the litter. During the nursing period it also helps the sow supply plenty of milk for her pigs. The best way to get off to a good start is to pick your gilts out of the feed lot t'arly — when they weigh about 100 to 125 pounds. From then on to farrowing feed them only about 2/3 as much as the fattening stock. Watch their weight closely because fat sows are "pig killers." They have smaller litters and more trouble at farrowing time. The big thing to remember all during the gestation period is to limit gains. A gilt should put on no more than 75 to 100 pounds dining this time. If you feed from four to five pounds of grain a day or self-feed a bulky ration containing ground alfalfa hay you'll get about the right amount of gain. About the easiest way to limit feed to sows is to mix 30 to 50$ ground alfalfa hay with the regular grain ration. Then you can put it in a self-feeder and the sows won't eat too much. It has a two-way limiting effect. The bulk of the hay cuts dow.n the energy content and the alfalfa makes it somewhat unpalatable for hogs. Experiments have proved sows will eat about the right amount with this combination. Another method that's quite new is Jo feed silage to sows and gilts. Either corn or grass silage will work, but corn silage is a little better. For this system give sows all the silage they will eat, along with 2 pounds of 32? sow supplement and 2 to 3 pounds of corn per day. If you only have a few sows, it will be about as easy to hand-feed them as to self-feed. In that case feed about 3/4 to 1 pound of supplement per day, along with 3 to 4 pounds of com or other grain per day. Supply alfalfa hay, free choice, in a rack so sows get plenty of vitamins. A few days before farrowing, when you put the sow in a separate pen or farrowing crate, start feeding a laxative ration of 1 to 2 pounds of bran with 2 to 3 pounds of grain. "Several hours before farrowing cut off all feed except water. Start feeding again about 12 hours after- Wards with the same laxative ration. Then gradually build up to full feed. During the nursing period the best bet is to self-feed a grain ration containing 14 to 152 protein. Sows need all they can eat at this time to produce plenty of milk. At all times a sow ration should contain certain essential parts to make it complete. It must have "quality protein." This type of protein comes from animal by-products such as meat scraps, tankage or skim milk. Any good commercial sow supplements have the required amounts of these. The ration must contain "minerals." Sows get .some mineral from commercial supplements or tankage, meat scraps and grain, but they may need more. "Vitamins" for sows can come from pasture, legume hay or vitamin premix in the supplement. When sosvs are on dry lot in winter they should either have good quality/ ground alfalfa hay in the grain ration, or have a good supply free choice in a rack. The final requirement in the ration is energy and this is easy to supply. It comes from small grains or corn, but should be limited before the sow far- rows so she doesn't get too fat. "IVe cut my costs on hog cholera vaccinations by more than 50%" -reports J. RICHARD MARSHALL Route 1, Shelbyville, Ind. don't gamble... vaccinate with " I've used ROVAC* on a total of 395 pigs so far and the cost, per pig has been around 45 to 50 cents or less. "ROVACcan't cause hog cholera. Before.when using hot virus, all pigs had to be vaccinated at one time or there was trouble. Even then I lost an average of 2 or 3 pigs after vaccination and there was always danger that the neighbors' pigs would be accidentally contaminated. "With ROVAC, I now schedule each sow's litter for vaccination at the proper age instead of worrying about doing all litters at one time. And, since switching to ROVAC there hasn't been a single loss from vaccination. "Yes, with ROVAC the cost of hog cholera vaccination has been cut for me by more than 50 per cent." Thousands of farmers like Richard Marshall (shown with his grandfather) use ROVAC regularly and depend on the solid immunity it provides against hog cholera. Available from your veterinarian, druggist, or feed dealer. Write for free literature. • Full name of product ia ROVAC' Ho« Cholera Vat-cine ( Mutlifi«l Live Virus) -Rabbit Oritfin —Vacuum-Dried. U S. I'at. No. i,BIH.!(7b. UEDERLE I-ABORATORIES DIVISION CVANAMID COMJMWf PEARU RIVER. NEW YORK

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