Lake Charles American-Press from Lake Charles, Louisiana on December 5, 1965 · Page 4
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Lake Charles American-Press from Lake Charles, Louisiana · Page 4

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Sunday, December 5, 1965
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Governmental reforms~2 When the Louisiana legislature convenes for its 1966 session, it will be called upon to consider, among other things, legislation designed to reduce the power of the governor's office. Currently, a committee appointed by Gov. John McKeithen, and headed by ex- Gov. Sam Jones, is studying the matter, '- f and is expected to submit recommen- l dations to the legislature in tune for action • lo be taken at the next session. .;' For some time, political observers in • Louisiana have claimed that the governor's , office exercised too much power. This feeling grew to a considerable extent in view of another move, designed to permit the governor to serve two consecutive terms. The feeling has grown that the governor's power is already too great, and if a governor is allowed two terms to consolidate himself, he may be able to build up a political machine of frightening proportions. The power of the governor in Louisiana is based upon his appointive power, upon his ability to influence the legislature and by his ability to direct or influence the ••• way that tax monies are collected and spent. Of these, the appointive power is the most important. The governor of Louisiana has the power to appoint some 1,100 top level state officials, and about 500 local officials. He has the power to fill many other posts, by appointment, in cases of vacancies. No governor, however diligent, could possibly study all of these appointments carefully enough to make them on merit alone. As a result, most of them are objects of patronage. ^ Among these are appointments which (Jive the governor considerable patronage Ipeway. State property is protected by commercial insurance, which is renewable every five years. The governor designates local insurance agents who share in these lucrative commissions. The governor has temporary control over idle funds, and may designate commercial banks to receive these funds, upon which little or no interest is paid to the state. The governor names attorneys to assist the inheritance tax collector. Fees CANE RIVER MEMO for these attorneys are often quite high. The governor names architects for stale construction projects, which are also especially lucrative. The governor can also extend his influence over the legislature in a number of ways. Almost 80 per cent of the state's revenues are dedicated, which means that their disposal is in the hands of department heads appointed by the governor. These funds are thus not subect to an annual review and appraisal by the legislature. The governor also appoints a majority of the members of the Legislative Budget Committee, which is supposed to pass on the governor's budget. No real control is effective under this system. The practice of issuing huge bond issues for capital improvements,"without a careful earmarking of the funds, permits the governor wide latitude, and additional patronage opportunities. All of these are instances of gubernatorial power which operates at the expense of the legislative branch, or at the expense of organs of local government. The particular structure of the state government itself often acts to increase the governor's influence, it' not his power. Governmental activities in Louisiana are unusually concentrated at the state level. In most states, the revenue raised by the state government just about equals that raised by local governments. Tn Louisiana, revenues for local government equal only about, one-third of those raised by the state. This imbalance is corrected by the vise of state funds at the local level, and this gives the governor an added influence upon local affairs. Powers properly belonging to the office of governor should not be disturbed. If the power of the governor were reduced below that of the legislature, we would be facing the same problem we do now — a problem of imbalance. The governor's office should be assured of its proper powers, but we b»li«ve that the powers listed above "n-e the governor an undue nrominence in the poli^'cal life of the state. We think these power should be drastically reduced — especiallv if we are "oine to permit an incumbent governor to succeed himself. Keep up Chinn Research BY FRANCOIS MIGNON MELROSE PLAMTATION-SOMETIMES 1 think the thing that matters is not the subject matter or the emphasis placed on it by the writer but rather the frame of mind of its readers when it meets their eyes. A case in point is a recent Plantation Memo in which I had something to say about old fashioned flowers in plantation gardens. If memory serves, I mentioned roses from the gardens of Saint Cloud, speculating on the possibility that the Texas Minister to the court of Louis Phillipe might have sent some of these from France to Cypress Hall, the fabulous Louisiana plantation home of Thomas Withers Chinn. one-time American Minister to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. When 1 got around to filing the article for publication. I found myself distracted by half a dozen pressing problems and accordingly never gave any thought to the appeal or lack of appeal the piece might have for its ranks of readers. No sooner did the item appear in print, however, than letters began arriving from every point of tlit compass: from way up north in Shreveport. way down south in Lake Charles, and numerous places between. The first of these epistles dealt almost exclusively with flowers in ante helium plantation gardens such as the Cottage in West Feliciana, Laure! Hill in -Adams County and so on. Thp?p were followed by a vertible flurry oi notes, none of which whispered the name of a fln\ver but all of which were given over to ialk about the Chinns. They continue coming and prove so interesting, I simply select one at random as a fair sample: *• + >DEAR MR. MIGNON: BEING A CHTNN descendant. I found your mention of Cypress 4 SUNDAY, DEC. 5, 1965, Lake Charles American Press SIXTY-NINTH iVe-fk ami ivnijoy Mornlngi MEMBER ASSOCIAT6D A»*ouol>4 fVMj is etitlrlw) f/cluslvely lo the ui» tor re- i"jf>en ct tjl! Ihs local ntwi printed In thli ntwtpaper at w, oil AP ne — TELEPHONE — Voin Office— 710 BMPo M.. LoKe Chorle^. Lo., 70404— Ph_£3? 77J1 - SU8SCRIPTION~RATEV — * By Corner PT Wtek 43c By Carrier Per Year 123 <0 R>' lAotl m Alien. Beourepord. CaltoH«u, Cameron and Jeflerson POVK pqnthev, Doily ond Sunday per year il?.00; Dally only orr v«ar S10 f«. Sunday only, per year J7.80. All other rrnll per Emcrtd ot Lake O'arlcs Post Ollice oi Second Clan Wall Matter Hall and the Chinns very interesting. In this connection, please allow me lo say that the builder of Cypress Hall was always known to his family as Thomas Withers Chinn, and to my grandmother as "Uncle Chinn"— and that it was his father, Chichester Chinn, who went to school with Sir Walter Scott. Some historians of the Cbinn family have given the relationship as being much closer that it really was. I think that adequate proof exists that it was as I am stating here: Chichester Chinn, my great-great-grandfather was born about 1771 in Virginia, and died February 7, 1814, in Frankfort, Ky., while attending a session of the Kentucky Assembly as a Senator from Harrison and Bracken counties. Thomas Withers Chinn was born November 20th, 1791, in Kentucky, and died May 22nd, in Louisiana. His brother, Chichester Thornton Chinn. was my great-grandfather. Sir Walter Scott was born August 15th, and died on September 21st, 1832. Jennell Scott mother of Chichester Chinn, was born about 1740 in Scotland and died in 1790 in Virginia, and was a first cousin, once removed, to Sir Walter Scott. The letters which were written to his cousins in America by Sir Walter Scott were stolen during the Civil War, or so I have been told. The letters are said to have been addressed to: Chichester Chinn, Esquire, FFV Cynthiana, Glen Dookey, America. If any of these letters are still in existence. 1 wonder who has them. Do you know? They would be a priceless possession. I am greatly interested in my family history. If you have any data on the Chinns which 1 do not have, I would be most grateful if you would share it with me. And any data of mine of interest to you, I will gladly share. Sincerely, Katherine Chinn Colbert 939 Linden St. Shreveport, La. >• + > IF YOU HAVE A PROMINENT CHINN IN your gallery of an ancestral portraits, or a Glen buokey letter among your family papers, so much the better. If, on the other band, these names are new to you. they at least provide you witli a vantage point to initiate a broader appreciation of your American heritage and an inspiration to inaugurate and keep up your Chinn research. 'We regret to inform you thai your budget of under $100 billion . . / DREW PEARSON SAYS De Gaulle forgets friends By DREW PEARSON (Copyright, 1965, by Bell-McClure Syndicate) (Editor's Note: Based upon his recent trip to France, Drey? Pearson today diagnoses the political situation there, as the French people vote on the re-election of President De Gaulle.) WASHINGTON - WHAT IS TROUBLING France today is memory — either too much or not enough. De Gaulle remembers how Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower failed to consult him regarding the Normandy landing until the day before it started; but be doesn't remember that without that landing he would not be where he is today. De Gaulle recently lold a member of his staff: "If Ihere is another war, French troops would be commanded by an American. I should command those troops." What De Gaulle doesn't remember is that aside from a brief period when he was a tank commander in World War II, he hasn't commanded troops since 1916 and war has changed a lot in fifty years. • * But he's pulling France out of the carefully built up machinery of NATO so a Frenchman can command French troops. What De Gaulle also doesn't remember is that when a Frenchman did command those troops, France was pushed into ,the sea. He doesn't remember how Wuwton Churchill picked him from a crowded hotel lobby in Bordeaux when the Nazi armies were only a few hours away and when Frenchmen were taking to small boats to cross the channel; and bow Churchill took him, De Gaulle, back to London to groom him as the savior of France. V > > ESPECIALLY DE GAULLE DOESN'T RE- member how France and Britain pulled at cross purposes before Hitler struck and how, if they had cooperated, Hitler couldn't have successfully struck. De Gaulle doesn't remember how in March 1936 the British cabinet debated all day as Hitler marched into the Rhineland. • He doesn't remember that Hitler's troops had two sets of marching orders, one to advance, the other to retreat — if there was any resistance. A show of resistance would have tipped Ihe scales, might have prevented World War II. But the British cabinet debated, the French government waited. At the end of one day it was too late. Hitler had taken the Rhineland and the Ruhr, had the iron and steel of France and World War JI was certain. De Gaulle not only doesn't remember, but doesn't realize that the machinery of NATO is geared to prevent indecision; geared for decisions not in a day, but in an hour. For this you must have integrated armies, not (he French army going off on its own, flying its own flag under its own commander. The old man of France, according to his friends, has an elephant's memory. He remembers how Eisenhower sent General Omar Bradley the night before the Normandy landing lo tell De Gaii'le belatedly that the Allies were about lo re-take his country. > > ' *> BUT DE GAULLE DOESN'T REMEMBER how Bradley later delayed Hie American entry into Paris for one clay so De Gaulle could march at Ihe head of Allied troops. And he doesn't remember how President Truman deliberately made a place for France at the Potsdam conference and gave France a zone of occupalion in Germany though France had done no fighting for three years. France was flat on its back. But Bradley, Eisenhower, Truman picked up the honor of France where it had been trampled in the dust by the heels of Nazi conquerors and replaced it in the vanguard of Allied honor. The old man of France is now pulling his country out of the Common Market because he wa'nts to reserve that market for French wheat and French farm goods. He wants to bar American wheat. He doesn't remember the days when the French people would have starved had it not been for American wheat. I know because I helped to bring a lot of it to France on the Friendship Train. >-*•*> DE GAULLE ALSO DOES NOT REMEM- ber that the best way to insure American non- cooperation is to alienate American public opinion; and that once American opinion starts swinging isolationist and anti-French, it is difficult to reverse the trend. Today American opinion is strong for NATO, sold on the protection of France, reconciled to keeping American troops in Europe. But it was not always, so. In 1940 many Americans criticized Louie Johnson, then assistant secretary of war, when he ordered airplanes for France. And American opinion was so skeptical about involvement in Europe that FDR had to get a lease on all of Britain's island bases in the Caribbean in return for 50 over-age destroyers given to Britain to fight Nazi subs. After the war it was a< first considered inconceivable that U.S. troop?; would come back to Europe to protect its Allies under NATO. But in 1951 this was done, and American public opinion accepted it. Big Charlie doesn't remember this. So he wants to tear down the machinery which the 'United States, with the backing of American public opinion, has buiit up. He wants the American people to go lo great expense to tear down its bases on French soil, remove its pipelines. from across France, its telephone wires and radio communications — all built to serve the purpose he wanted — the protection of France. He wants them removed because he is afraid France will be too dependent on the USA. > ^ + WHAT HE DOESN'T REALIZE OF course is that if he pursues his present policy, he will achieve exactly what he wants to prevent. The American people will become isolationist once again. They will not come to the defon.se of France. The old man of France remembers the lonely days in London which he spent trying to keep together the scattered, defeated remnants of Hie French Republic. Those were bitter days. lie was completely dependent on the United Stales and Britain, and be vows to make France so independent that never again wil 1 it be in this humiliating position. What he wants is to take advantage of our missiles yet hove his own missiles too, ft will be interesting to see how much support the French people give him at the polls today. fP/TOK'S CORNER What those photos show REMEMBER WHEN THE FIRST SATEL- lite was launched, and everyone looked into the heavens and said aloud what a wonderful thing It'was, and that wa had gone about as far as we could go? Nowadays, the launches are becoming so prosaic thai the French government can lift one off in the Sahara and hardly make Page We are living in an age of scientific marvels — so marvelous that they are beginning to pall. We are able to receive radio waves from Jupiter. We can probe the moon, take pictures of Mars and send men walking into space. We have computers that are able lo do at least one billion different operations — operations thai would take a scientist with pencil and paper years to do — and do them within seconds. With all this marvelous knowledge, it seems a little sad to me that we have no one with which to share. According to the scientists who have examined the Mars pictures, there is no life there. There is no life on the moon. The surface of Venus is too hot to shelter life. Saturn and Jupiter are too cold. We are all alone. > + > OR ARE WE? I WAS NOTICING SOME OF the pictures of the earth taken by some of our weather satellites the other day. I began to wonder. A photograph of the Northeastern seaboard shows Long Island, all right, but where are New York, or Boston, and the massive network of communications arteries These pictures of earth, I understand, were taken closer to earth than the Mariner IV pictures of Mars. But I couldn't see any cities. At a resolution of about a kilometer, the vast megalopolis from Boston to Washington disappears. Mariner IV pictures had, at best, a resolution of three kilometers. What this means is that two points on the surface of Mars three kilometers apart — roughly three miles — would show up as two points. Any two points closer together than three kilometers would just appear as a single blur. K * > SOMEHOW, THOUGH, THINGS LIKE roads, canals, cities and other manmade objects just don't show up well in the weather satellite pictures made of the earth, even at a resolution of about one kilometer. What does show up? A couple of pictures showed streaks that looked like Marlian canals. The captions said they were swaths in Ihe forests cut by Canadian lumbermen. A couple of streaks which the caption writers "thought." were contrails of jet aircraft were also pointed out. Maybe they were just clouds. It seems to me, after looking at these earth photos, that maybe we ought to suspend judgment on whether or not we are all alone, and wait until we invent cameras that can take sharper pictures. 1 can just see (he scientists of Mars solemnly examining their latest photographs of earth, and saying, sadly, "to judge from our pictures, there is no life on earth." Truman Stacey TODAY IN HISTORY 18th Is out! By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Sunday, Dec. 5, the 339th day o( 1965. There are 2ii days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1933, the 18th Amendment to the Constitution — the prohibition amendment — was repealed, On this date: In 1782, Martin Van Buren, the eighth president, was born. In 1848, President James Polk announced the discovery of gold In California. In 1916, the Romanian city of Bucharest surrendered to the German army. In 1M2, the White House ordered a halt to the drafting of men 38 or over. Public health: LBJ's next big objective By CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY WASHINGTON ~ A quiet but dramatic d'tange in emphasis is taking place in the nation's health programs. Mas.sive health research programs are con linuing a* before, but concerted efforts are being made lo spread the results of the research around for the benefit of everyone - probablv reducing Ihe incidence of disease nationwide. This, change was the thrust of President .lohn&nn's .Ian 7 Health Message "Our first concern must he to assure that the advance of /iHMJica! knowledge leaves none behind "We can -- and we must - strive now In a...-.iirc tlir availability u( oiirj accessibility to Ihe iM't-t health care for all Americans, regard}>•-.-.•- •>( nc( or m-<igi7j|>h\ or economic staltj.v' Ihe President's 1965 health proposals. /nu>' 9! which were enacted by Congress, consisted U fiv$ parts: ^Removing barriers to health care; ^Strengthening the nation's health facilities and services; ^Manpower for health services; I*.Health research and research facilities: ^•Health grants and protection measures. Topping the list of recommendations, ai weil as the list of achievements, was the medical care for the aged program to be financed im der the Social Security system — a plan sought and denied for 20 years prior to 1965. The medicare bill also carried additional health care programs not proposed by I he President, and a wide range of new and expanded child healih care programs, most ui which were promised by Johnson. Among the la'ter were grants to provide health screening and diagnosis for children of pre-school and school age and follow-up care for disabled children and youth. Congress also granted a presidential request for extension of the existing program of vaccination of pre-school children against whooping cough, diphtheria, polio and tetanus, and expansion of the program to include mea->les. The four diseases already covered have been practically eliminated as a result of the vaccinations. In addition, the President's message included a variety of other proposals, sought previously but denied, which were enacted in 11)65: scholarships for needy medical and dental students, grants for initial staffing of community mental health centers, and the firti overhaul of the vocational rehabilitation pro gram since 1954. There also were some new proposals which were enacted. One was a nationwide attack on the major killers in the Uniied States today — heart disease, cancer and stroke. The President's commission on these diseases told him in 1964 thai if the knowledge already available on the diagnosis and Iran- menl of these diseases could be made available across the country, the number of lives I hat could be saved would be equal to the population of a major city. Other newly approved programs included extensions, and often substantial expansions, of existing programs. Among these, in addition to the pre-school vaccination program, were health care services lor domestic migratory workers and their families, grants io encourage development of cures for mental retardation, new and expanded programs under the Health Research Facilities Act and the Health Professions Educational As- sistance Act (including scholarships), and grants for general and special health programs. Not neglected this year were funds to implement Ihe old and new health programs, as well as funds lo continue and expand health research efforts. Over - all health appropriations rose to an all-time high in 1065. As it, usually does, Congress Increased the President's requests for funds for the National Institutes of Health, which devote most of their attention to research. Very few cuts were made by Congress in other amounts requested. Only a few programs sought by the President failed of enactment. These left-over programs will probably be considered by Congress in 1966, along with a new package which the president will submit to further the dispersal of health knowledge. (Copyright 1965, Congressional Quarterly, Inc. 1 *

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