Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on May 31, 1936 · Page 30
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 30

Pampa, Texas
Issue Date:
Sunday, May 31, 1936
Page 30
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' ! \ v "•' Uncle Johnny" Long Wa$ One of Colorful Men Who Came to Plains in 1874 • j ffot many y«*rs ago the Panhandle was the home of the buffalo and the hunting ground of tnfe Indian. Fifty years ago it was a frontier. The settling of the 'country, the opening of its vast acres to ttrt civlVtelng influence of cattlemen and farmers, was fee to thfe' efforts of that bold and Hardy army of pioneers Who came into the Panhandle in Hie serenties and eighties. Of the vast army whose influence was widely felt from that day fotward, one man stands out above all others. As government teamster he came, or, public benefactor he passed to another world. The life of "Uncle Johnny" Long i-eads like fiction—the romance of his life is mingled with hardships aftd dangers—but through it all this sturdy pioneer retained his filth in mankind. iJohn J.'Long was born hi Fayette county, Pennsylvania, November 7th^ 1851. He came to Texas in 1874 with the General Nelson A. Miles expeditltn; He hired to the government at Leavenworth. Kans*s, as a government teamster. The expedition -started from Fort Dodge Kansas, with thirty-six mule t«vms They came south by Fort Supply Oklahoma, and on south, crossing the Canadian near the mouth of Oasis thence down west of where FVa-t Elliott 13 now located and up McClellan Creek. . The expedition at this time according to "TJncle Johnny's" storj related shortly before his death was after a bunch of Indians that had captured the German sisters. Itoe cavalry got to pressing flic Indians too close and they abandoned ...:thelr captives to the soldiers. The girls had 1 no dresses and wero tanned almost as black as thb Indians. There was an old 1 southern doctor in the expedition. He took two night shirts, made dresses for the girls, and had them fixed up in no time,' The stock was badly played out after this expedition, so the expedition dropped back and camped on the head of the Wasb- ita. the •'. As Mr. Long himself told story In his own language. "We went to Adobe Walls, get ting there on Chrisfrnas Eve, and it started snowing. Christmas day we laid up on Antelope creek. Then We continued eur march south, as the Indians had gone into camp on Tule canyon. There were four expeditions moving against the Indians at HUB time. Major Price was coming in from the east, Miles from the north, and McKenzie was coming up from the south. When McKenzie killed the Indians' horses and had his fight with them, they pulled out for their reservation. The Miles expedition got there too late to take part in the fight, but we folfcwed them on into Fort Sill. McKerfeie did not set them completely afoot, for they always kept »t least one horse apiece staked or hobbled out near, and they used these to get back to the reservation. The Indians went south of the Washlta mountains. We followed them in and got to Fort Sill about half a day after they did. It was zero weather and we had to walk much of the distance to keep from freezing. One day we made forty miles but we did not «Ptch up with the Indians. There were supposed to have been 2000 or 3000 Indians in the Panhandle at this time. McKenzie killed theiv horses in September. "We went into camp at Cantonment near North Fork, about 13 inilds west of where Mobeetie now stands in February of 1875. The Fort was established in the summer following. All of the houses were built of cottonwood pickets that were set in the ground three 01 four feet. Lieut. Hatch built a corral for the mule teams of adobe It was 000 feet long, 00 feet wide and Uie fence was about four Jfcet thick. The brick used in its construction were made upon Dobe creek, and by this work Hatch wor for himself the nickname of "Dobe' Hatch. "While Miles was camped on thi head of McClcllan creek in Scp- tembar 1874, he ran short of pro visions and sent his wagon train ti meet his Mexican train at Commis sion creek. We arrived at Qommis sion creek before the Mexicans go there, and three of the teamster went out to hunt buffalo, and bunch of 15 or 20 Indians jumpe them. Instead of dropping dowi behind something the teamsters be gan to run. One was killed, but th other two got into the. brush an got away. We had an escort of sev enty soldiers with us. When th soldiers got to the spot whcxe th teamster was killed they found tha his body had been shot full of hole There were sixteen bullet holes i him. "We were more csfeful after tha When the other train arrived w loaded up and pulled out. After w crossed tiie Canadian we saw lo of fresh horse tracks and we doub »d the train, driving with, two wag- ns abreast. We got pretty near to le Washlta. and the Indians were n the sandhills waiting for us. 'hey made a run on us about three r four o'clock in the afternoon and riecl to stampede us. As they made ae first charge the soldiers fired nto them and , they dropped back. We corralled the wagons and the earns in the train. When a mule •as shot down we had to jUmp out, ut him ipose, and go on with the est of them. The Indians were iaked. painted and came a-yelling There were over four hundred of hem but it seemed to me like here was a thousand. "We went to work and threw up! in embankment around the outside. They did a lot of their shooting while riding in a run. and if they lit anything it was just an acci- Icnt. But they took aim when they got off behind something. They cojjt us there two days and three lights. The days were awfully hoi and we nearly starved for water. The second day one of the soldiers vas digging around among some of he things In one of the wagons and found some cases of tomatoes. Tomatoes were more soup than anything else. We cut the cans open rind drank the juice. That was the best drink I ever had. "The first night about twelve or one o'clock a little scout by the name of Smallsky ran the blockade. After he had left we heard a terrible lot of shooting and we didn't know whether he got away or not. But he got through the Indians and soon afterwards ran into a herd of buffalo. His horse stepped in a prairie cleg hole and fell with him. When he got up his horse stampeded with the buffaloes, leaving him a-foot. He began walking and continued until daylight, when he hid. He said he saw two Indians about ten o'clock. When night came he took up the road again and continued until he struck 'a camp about twenty miles from Supply where some men were cutting hay for the government. Word was senl into the fort and a company of cavalry was sent out. This fight was taking place at the same time that the Buffalo Wallow fight took plaoe on September 12fii, 1874, about tei miles from there. "Major Price of the 8th Cavalrj from New Mexico was scouting arounji over the plains and happened uptm the men who were holding the Indians off at Buffalo Wallow. The Indians had placad some scouts oft and as soon as they discovered th* detachment of soldiers apffi&eliBig they drbpbed the'JSeg> ana'retreated givihg up ttte -fight against the teamsters at the same time. The fight engaged in by the teamsters rind their seventy soldiers was much longer and .many more men were engaged in it than .trie other. Two men were killed, four or five wounded and about thirty mules killed and wounded. There was no way of telling how many Indians were killed, for as soon as night came they would remove their dead. So far as Is known this fight was never given a name. Its site is about 20 miles southeast of Canadian in Hemphill county, near where Gageby creek empties into the Washita. The Indians would shoot while riding. After the battle we met the soldiers under Miles coming back to See what was the matter. "There was little other trouble with Indians after 1875. We had gone to New Mexico and were coming back with six-mule teams, escorting about 0.000 sheep and their herders into Texas. The herders were Mexicans. Coming back we ran into six men who had stolen sixty mules and horses on Stnrva-! ion creek and were headed into' Mexico with them. They took all the horses and chuck that an out- 'it on this creek had. and a man had walked sixty miles into Fort Elliott to notify the soldiers. By this time the rustlers had gotten away across the plains, and we ran into' them. We recovered the horses and got all the men but one. Starvation creek gots its name from this, as the men left there didn't have a bit of chunk. This trip was made in 1875, and the sheep were taken into Fort Sill, fpr the Indians. "Fcr.t Elliott, I .think, was named for .Major Eliqtt,. who was killed when Ouster massacred the Indians at Cheyenne, Oklahoma, killing 105 Cheyerines and Arapahoes. No expeditions were .ever' sent out, other than scouting trips. There America's most photographed girl has returned to her San Antonio home for the state-wide observance of tUb Texas Centennial, highlighted by the $25,000,000 Exposition in Dallas. Her name is Janice Jnrrntt and she is as adept with n lariat as sh« is nt modeling for cigarette ami clothing advertisements. 94: were about four companies kept at the fort, but' barracks were provided (or five. The garrison .was reduced to ,two companies, and .all troops were withdrawn about '82 to 'i: "The flagpole was brought from the brakes of the Canadian, being cut near Antelope Hills, eighty five miles northeast of Mpbeetip, in the fall of 1875. I used a six-mule team to haul it to the Fort. At the auction sale of the Fort in 1900 I bought it for $7.50. "Few emigrants came into the country. Freighting was done from Fort Dodge, by Fort Supply, a distance of about two hundred miles. Most of the freighting was done by oxen, and the mules were used by the government for scouting purposes. Three wagons were often used with seven yoke of oxen, and the round trip took about twenty days. "They hunted buffalo only in the summer, and saved the hides by stacking them. The hunters would usually get the government freighters, who had brought clown a load of freight, to carry the hides to Fort Dodge for them on their return trip. Along late in the fall they would kill buffalo and dry their meat. The hides brought from $1.00 to $2.50 per hide. The hides are too spongy to make good leather, and sometimes the hides along' the neck would be half an inch thick. The last year I saw any buffalo was in 1878, but there were some on the Coldwater until 1880. Billie Dixon killed 82 at one "stand" of about two or three acres of land, the most I know of being killed. When we went to New Mexico after the sheep in 1875, somewhere above where Amarillo now stands, there was a big flat about a mile or two wide and about ten miles long, and it was almost black with buffalo. It looked like there were hundreds of jurisdiction over 26 unorganized thousands. We killed some of M. P. DOWNS Agency GENERAL 8S8SIIIAS AUTOMOBILE LOA REAL ESI them arid tn# <S?eS% thtf falte'st buffalo I eveflsafa .some of them lYad"as 'mu'ch as two Inches of fat {•.'pon 1 their hump's. "The last buffalo.killed In Wheeler county was killed by William Frass. Mark Huselby had a buffalo bull, a two-year-old. He ran with a bunch of milk cows and the bull was kept belled. He was the only tame buffalo in Wheeler county, and was as gentle as could be. "Sweetwater. as Mobeetie was known at first, was located and moved three different times. It was first located on the creek, just below the hill upon which the Fort was located. Then it was moved a mile and a half below its present location, and moved up to the spot upon which it is now located in 1878 or 1879. iThey first picked out a place for the establishment of the Fort on McClellan creek. "At its first location on building was put up about 187C, but the officers at the fort didn't want the town located so nenr, and they made them quit their- building. Then they moved to the head of Sweetwater creek, and in 1877 they moved below the Fort. Buffalo hunters used the town mostly, at first. Mall was brought from Fort, Dodge once a week at first. Then it was Inter brought every day by stage. It took three days and nights lor the trip, three relays Lelng made between Fort Elliott and Fort Supply, a distance of about 100 miles." When Sweetwater applied for a jostoffice, according ' to Uncle Johnny, the county seat of Nolan county had already been ntimetl, icnce the suggestion was made that they take the Indian word meaning sweetwater. and the town was called Mobeetie; ,*. There were many saloons and gambling houses in the town, all nt one time. In 1884, 425 votes were cast. Wheeler county was cut off from Clay county and given Texas counties, and Oreer county, Oklahoma (which was then in dispute). In inoo the county scat was moved to Wheeler by an eleven vote plurality. The suit of 1897 gave Orecr county to Oklahoma. On May 1st, 1888, the town of Mobeetie was almost wiped out by a cyclone. About half of the residences, the court house, and jail were left standing. The material for this article was collected by Olin Hinkle and J Evetts Haley, June 17th and 18th 1925, at Mobeetie—less than two months before the death of Mr. J J. Long. The modesty of "Uncle Johnny' would not permit him to tell what a groat part he had played in converting this section from a front tier to one of.the greatest farming districts of the nation. Soon after the fort was abandon eel Mr. Long established a store a Mobeetie and for many years con ducted a general mercantile busi ness there. It *as as & pkftfee* fneirbhaftt thai he did the moist ltf*afd bund- ing *up~ thfe farming industry of the Panhandle. ' , He Was never known to refuse credit to early settlers and never called for security. He carried these people along through good times and bad times. The lean years and the fat years were the same to Mr. Lang's customers. No man In the Panhandle was .better known nor more universally loved.—Wheeler News-Review. ^^•^^^M^^^^H^pWOMMiMI^^^K^M^M^^HM^HMH Blighted Areas In Cities Helped By ' "Black Widows" Still Menacing AUSTIN, May 30,—The "Black Widow" spider continues to be a menace even though the number of persons bitten is comparatively small, according to morbidity reports received by the State Department of Health. The habit of this spider in building its web in dimly lighted places makes it difficult to establish any effective method of control. Though the "Black W.ldow" is requently found in basements, wood lieds, and other places which have ark corners or recesses, more cases f spider poisoning that have been I'porled in past years have oc- urred in old toilets in the rural istrlcts. The spraying of creosote n cracks and crevices, but precau- ,ions must be taken against fire, egg cocoon may also be .crush- d. The adult female spider is about ah inch long and has a shiny black body with a brilliant scarlet hourglass marking .on the under serfa.ce. The' name. "Black Widow" is de- •ived from the fact that the female tills and eats the male after mat- ng. The web of the "Black Widow" s characterized by the fact that the strands are tough. If a straw is applied to the web of an ordinary House spider, the web will immediately break, but if a straw be stroked through a "Black Widow" web, the strands will be found to be so tough that the straw will bend or even break. The female spider stays close to her web but will rush out and attack violently any object disturbing this web. The "Black Widow" is not an aggressive spider, and rarely bites unless disturbed. Acute pain develops in the region of the surface bitten, spreading to other parts 01 the body. There is a general muscle contraction, difficult breathing, cold perspiration, nausea and an extreme rigidity of the abdomen. The general public should be taught to recognize the "Black Widow," to take the necessary precautions, and to consult a physician immediately, if bitten. Louis Hayward, English actor, was born in Johannesburg, South Africa. A definite demand by Home own-., ers, other taxpayers, home mortgage lending institutions and municipalities for better preservation of neighborhood standards as a protection against expensive obsolscence, re- suiting in so-called blighted areas in many cities, is reported in the May .number of the Federal Home Loan Bank Review, which has concluded a series of studies of the subject. "The losses suffered in past years frpm the rapid deterioration of- established neighborhoods by home- financing institutions, home owners and municipalities have culminated in a demand for action," the Ro- 'view stated. One solution upon which various authorities are working is establishment of a more modern type of neighborhood unit. The Re View summarizes a .number of suc proposals. Municipalities and taxpayers, the study revealed, find it increasingly difficult to carry the burden of- blighted areas which are , unable lo pay for their own public service Lending institutions are takln more cognizance of :the loan risl attending neighborhood .instabilit Home owners in these ureas, are pro testing the melting away ,of their of their equities and the lessening desirability of their .homes. The survey disclosed that the problem includes not alone the .protqctlon of new residential neighborhoods against inroads that .make ,for r.uuh destruction, .but the ^qqlan^ation of existing, blighted ureas Jo prevent further loss. The principal features of .the proposed model neighborhood .units are more space for small parks and playgrounds, internal street systems for local traffic only, designed to keep out fast through traffic, and a novel system of localized streets and lanes. The claim is made for such a plan that street improvements cost $371.22 less, for each lot, than under the prevailing standardized street layout. The dwellings would be grouped around the usual neighborhood facilities of. schools, local shops, churches or libraries. t : '"•" <r IlITLKtt, BACHELOR, GETS LAYETTES FOR BIRTHDAY BERLIN (/p>—One of the birthday gifts for the bachelor "realm leader," Adolf Hitler, consisted of 1456 baby outfits, complete with cradles, from the women of the retch's civil servants' association. One half of the layettes were decorated with blue ribbons, for boy babies, and the other half pink, for girls. The gift will benefit an approved. list, of needy mothers of large families. TATE INCORPORATED 'reducers and Developers of Petroleum And Its Products M. P. DOWNS REPRESENTING THE FOLLOWING COMPANIES: BEERS-KENISON & CO. Galveston, Texas General Agents ATLAS ASSURANCE CO. Fire & Windstorm GROSS R. SCRUGGS & CO. Dallas, Texas General Agentfe AGRICljLTURAL INS. CO. Fire — Windstorm Cash Capital $1,000,000 BELKNAP & WHEELER Dallas, Texas General Agents GENERAL INS. CO. OF AMERICA Cash Capital $1,000,000 TEXAS GENERAL AGENCY San Antonio, Texas General Agents American Surety Co., Birmingham Fire Ins. Oo. Buffalo Ins. Co. Fire - Windstorm - Auto Cash Capital $1,000,000 COMMERCIAL STANDARD INS. CO. A Texas Company Home Office Fort Worth Auto - Fire - Bonds - Windstorm Cash Capital $1,000,000 TRINITY UNIVERSAL INS. CO. A Texas Company Dallas, Texas Fire - W'ndeitorm - Auto Cash capital $1,000,000 HARDtNG & LININGER Chicago, His. General Agents: SENTINEL FIRE INS. CO. Fire - Windstorm - Auto Cash Capital $1,000,000 FLOYD WEST $ CO, Dallas, Texas General Agents ST. PAUL MERCtyBY INS. CO. Auto - Bonds Cash Capital $1,000,000 MOODY WEBB % CO, GelvestOH, Texas General Agents PUBUQUE FERE & MARINE! INSURANCE CO. PIre - Windstorm Cash Capital $1,000,000 FLQYp WEST & CO. Dallas, Texas General Agents ANCHOR INS. CO. Fire - Windstorm Casji capital $1^00,000 SATISFACTORY A^USTMENT OF ALL CLAIMS Texa * ZURICK NO, i The above cut shows the actual photograph of the Zurick No. 1 which is now being drilled by the Superior Oil & Gas Cornpany and the Olson, Drilling Company of Tulsa, Oklahoma, on the Zur.ick Ranch in Unipn : County, New Mexico. The Quaker State Oil Company owns approximately 24,000 acres of leases checker-boarded around, this well. The well; /now drilling at a (Jepth of 1,000 feet. A number of major companies and independent operators of Tulsa, Oklahoma, have punchased protection in this block. The Quaker State Oil Company is interested in developing large blocks of leases located cin. well defined structures, and also, interested in developing- semi-proved and- proved acreage in the Fanh,an$ ; l.e ana New Mexico field. The Quaker State Oil Company is principally owijieqt by izens with offices in the First Natipnal •$&#£ Building, Painp.a, P. O. Box 1576, Telephone 630, All cQr ; respondenc.e will be given,, prompt attention. ' ' / ' ' Texas Panhandle Ceni^nnjaJ Pampa, <W«i Q»J

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