The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland on August 2, 1939 · Page 6
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The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 6

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Wednesday, August 2, 1939
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4IX THE DAILY MAIL, HAGERSTOWN, MD., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1939. tfkit (Established ISIS) every evening: except by The Mail Publishing Com- J. A. HAWKEN Editor National AdvertisingRepresentatives: B vf ke V K ? iv ^« & Mahoney. Inc. New York, 1203 Graybar Building; Chicago. 203 North Wabash.Avenue Atlanta. 1601 Rhodes-Haverty Build- IP*.-.Pallas, SOT Southwestern Life Building': Oklahoma City, 55S First Kational Building. Address all communications to The Daily Mail Editorial. Business or Circulation Department not to indi- Tlduals. E. PHILLIPS...General Manager C. 4; P. Phone 104-105-106 numbers reach all departments Member Audit Bureau of Circulation ,, A11 SUBSCRIPTION RATES AAil Subscription Rates Payable in ingle Copy th material prosperity. Ther is no reason why Britain should show mercy in dealing with the principals in the bombing outrages if and when they are found. WE TEAR UP A TREATY During recent weeks the faces of United States citizens have been slapped by Japanese soldiers; an American warrant officer has been beaten; the rights of American business men have been violated and other acts of aggression have been committed. It is reported from the occupied sections of China that these acts have- been part of a cal culated effort to accomplish with respect to the United States a purpose wbi<5h the Japanese have so successfully achieved in so far as Entered at the postoffice at Haas 2nd class matter Dec. OP THE ASSOCIATE!? PRESS -ociated Press is exclus- entitled to th« use of publication o*. all news dispatches credited 10 it or not otherwise credited in *i Y? 5 a ?,? r a , nd also lo c al news pub- tlshed therein. All rights of publi. cation of special dispatches hereiir •re also reserved. August Advance) . _ - --, , , .„„ the British are concerned—an effort Jn« Montii « 55 § ne ./?, ar ,4 by carrier > 6.00 to make this country lose caste, By Mail OJp to Fourth Zone).. 6.00 Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Zones. 8.50 1 or face, in the Orient. Seventh and Eigrhth Zones 9:50 The outcome of this determination is not what the Japanese expected. In a formal notice which is distinguished by calm restraint. Secretary of State Hull has informed the Japanese Government that at the end of a six months' period the commercial treaty which has governed trade relations between Japan and the United States for twenty-eight years will not be effective. This is the most significant and dramatic diplomatic move made by the "United States in more than twenty years. Furthermore, it is one which has been made with adequate justification and which will meet with the full support of thoughtful public opinion. American prestige throughout the world cannot but rise in consequence of the courage and the decision with which a challenging crisis has been met. These next six months will be to all practical purposes a period of probation for Japan. If there is a disposition toward repentance, and a more just, reasonable and conciliatory attitude is formulated, a new treaty may be entered into, i'l not, an embargo may be established. A complete severance of trade relations would, of course, cause losses to the United States. They would not, however, involve disastrous losses menacing national existence. Japan, however, is a nation engaged in war, dependent upon outside sources not only for the essential materials of war, such as iron scrap, steel and the like, but also for many other supplies. The blow is a particularly serious one for Japan because she is deeply immersed in large-scale operations in China, an enemy that docs nor die easily, and is also becoming more seriously involved in difficulties with Russia. Our course of action with respect to Japanese aggression is far different and considerably more admirable than that of Great Britain. The United States intends to stand on her rights in the Far East an dis prepared to follow these rights as they are infringed by Japan with retaliatory action. No other policy is reconcilable with national self-respect. Now comes th« month when summe-r hsat drags its days of waary heat slowly toward the cool of autumn. July is gone, September waits ahead. August the early afternoon of summer, it upon us. Hot days and humid nights hare laid their steaming hands on. the Northern Hemisphere in weeks just past, and hot days are still to come. August often brings the peak of summer heat. But August heat is easier to withstand, somehow, perhaps be- caus© relief is just around the bend. Besides, the days of August bring a new note in nature, t'note for which the months just gone have marked the way. Fledglings take to wings, berries ripen, springs crops bow to the harvester and those leisured flowers which forego the urge to quick, lush bloom put forth their richer blossoms in a world of vanished daisies. Rural roads are perfumed with the scent of hay fields. Summer approaches the time when it will turn over to the days of autumn the completion of that task which it received from spring. August is a season of nature's pledges nearing redemption and not even the leftover heat or burning July can make us unaware of the autumn days which lie ahead. TERRORISM IN BRITAIN Great Britain's enemies on the Continent have on many occasions in the past found in Ireland a ready instrument for the advancement of their ends. It is not to be assumed, of course, that the Irish have been unwitting tools of Continental powers. They have had their own objectives in view and cooperation with Britain's enemies has been a means to the achievement of these purposes. The current bombing outrages in London and Liverpool, which have caused loss of a life, injured many persons, destroyed property and created a state of terror in the public minds, are, regardless of the motives that inspire them, the work of murderers. No pretense of patriotism can be offered in justification. They are attributed to members of the so-called Irish Republican Army, who are enemies alike of the Da Valera Government and of the British Government, and whose objective is complete independence, together with the union of the northern and southern countries. Britain, apparently, has found out a great deal about the activities of the Irish. Republicans. The Home Secretary reports the existence of a widespread plan of sabotage, "closely watched and actively stimulated" by foreign organizations. These reports are reminiscent of a quarter of a century ago and they Indicate that Continental tactics have not changed a great deal in the long interval, even though a new order has arisen. Now, of course, there is less reason for Irish participation in conspiracies hatched abroad. Then Ireland was fight ing desperately for freedom. Now it i* m *€lf-Koverning nation that TIME TO RELAX "With August's famed and dreaded "dog days" at hand, it is perhaps pertinent to remind ourselves that by letting up a bit in the tension of modern living we may add years to our lives. That man has always been prone to take himself and his work too seriously may be seen from the following admonition, delivered hundreds of years ago by a wise man to his frenzied fellows: "An Athenian seeing Aesop in a crowd of boys at play, stopped and laughed at-him for a madman. As soon as the sage, a laughter at others rather than one to be laughed at, perceived this, he placed an unstrung bow in the middle of the road: 'Hard you, wise man,' said he, 'unriddle what I have done.' The people gather round. The man torments his invention a long time but cannot make out the reason of the proposed ~ question. At last ho gives up. "Upon this, the victorious philosopher says: 'You will soon break the bow if you always keep it bent; but if you loosen it, it will be fit for use when you want it.'" And that, we submit, contains a shrewd lesson for application in Washington Daybook -By Preston Grover WASHINGTON, Aug. 2.—Just low the army is celebrating the Oth anniversary of the adoption f the airplane as a military weapon, while forgetting that it is only he 25th anniversary of the army's purchase of its first automobile. And if comparative statistics mean anything, the automobile and ts monster grandchild, the tank, have become about as effective a military weapon as the airplane. The army purchased its first automobile in 1014, the year the orld war broke out, and didn't buy any more until in 1916 it purchased three trucks to assist Genral Pcrshing in chasing Pancho The first army airplane was ordered in 190S and had to guarantee a cruising range of about 125 niles and a minimum speed of 35 miles an hour. Probably the expectations for the first army automobile in 1914 were no greater. * * * Autos Are Fast Almost overlooked in these airplane-filled clays is the tremendous speed of movement of the army under motive power and the hound- less reserve of automobile power that the industry has built up in peace times. The old escort, wagon pulled by mules eould do 12 miles a day. That was, roughly, a day's march for .he soldier except under forced circumstances. The new lU-ton truck that has displaced the escort \va- on can move 150 miles a day easily and can stretch the distance to 300 miles or more under favorable conditions. Furthermore, the soldier hauled in can keep up with it, high-speed transport JUST FOLKS By EDGAR A. GUEST trucks, vans, busses, lorries or armored cars. And the capacity of the industry to supply trucks and other motor vehicles as a war necessity is almost boundless. The government is pouring money into airplane factories to build up their production as a war reserve power. The automobile industry built up it own production mostly under its own power, although the govermnent road-building program didn't hurt any. As it now stands the automobile industry, on a 24-hour basis, probably could turn out annually 7,000,000 to 8,000,000 motor vehicles of all varieties. In 1929 it put out 5,000,000 as a peak. In 1937 it prod u c e d approximately 3,700,000.' There would be bottle-necks to delay production in some spots, particularly among the heavy trucks, but in many instances the army has found that two light trucks, hooked tandem, can serve for one heavy truck. Motors Are Dependable There is no practical way of comparing airplanes and automobiles for striking power. But the fact that the automobile industry is already capable of high quantity production is one of the greatest defensive and offensive assets of the army. Of course, producing tanks is a specialized job. But the essential unit, the dependable motor, can be turned out in quantity production. The new defense appropriation calls for building 104 medium tanks with inch-and-a-half armor, at a cost of $50,000 each. An equal number of light tanks also has been authorized at a price of $27,500. Additional tanks may be purchased. Of equal importance with the supply is the dependability. During the World war the chance of an automobile getting from one place to another over rough terrain was only moderately good. Part of the fault was in the machine and part in the inexperienced driver. Now- THE OLD AND SCIENCE It is often said by men We are moving on tnn fast; That the good old dnys of "then' 1 Should n little longer last; That our fathers got along And were happy in their way, Hence all science must be wrong In discarding yesterday. Yet when science finds a truth And establishes a fact. Would they force tomorrow's youth Here as greybeards still 10 act? Would they hid them turn away From the ne\v and better thing And select some yesterday Unto which they'd have them cling? Well, if they would cense to learn, And some ancient means retain, j To which year would they return?! Which age choose to live again?' Wh-it of all that's now today j Would they lightly disregard? i i What of progress thrown nway? \ \ What of medicine discard? j • I | Say that, science moves too fast; j i Say discovery should be stayed; ! World's largest seller at lOc. Guaranteed — Dependable. GENUINE PURE ASPIRIN Insist On Tri-Maid Products Quality Guaranteed. Sold Exclusively By Triangle Food Stores adays a motor failure is an exception and speed has been more than doubled. Performance .is almost perfect. The number of men of military age who know how to operate and repair automobiles is almost without limit. For the three trucks bought for Pershing's expeditionary force in 1916, the army had to send back to the factory for drivers. There is no need now to spend millions creating a reserve force of pilots for trucks. As a wartime asset the capacity to produce both automobiles and drivers is of incalculable importance. RETURNS AS OWNER ST. LOUIS, Aug. 2.— William P. Lightholder, for 32 years ploye .of the William J. an em- Murray Realty Company, came to work an hour early Tuesday. * Lightholder wasn't an employe any more. He was the owner. Miss Mary S. Murray, president of the company, died Thursday and in her will, filed yesterday, she left Lightholder the business and $5,000 in cash. During the first nine months of the current marketing season, the world's eight largest exporting nations shipped 7,294.000 bales of cotton as compared with 9,250,000 bales last year. FACTS ABOUT MARS TOLD ON IMAGINARY JOURNEY By LESLIE C. BEARD Member of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Unusual Interest was created when Mars made one of its rare close approaches to earth at 10 a. m., EST, on July 27, when the ruddy planet was only 36,033,000 miles from the earth. In the August leaflet issued by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, of which the present writer is a member, Dr. R. S. Richardson, o£ Mt Wilson Observatory, gives in "popular" language answers to questions usually asked concerning Mars. Some interesting facts about our neighbor planet were brought out in a hypothetical journey through space, a telescope being an imaginary train, a light-beam the track, and those aboard an Astronomer and a Traveler. ' After some explanations about telescopes and the power of magnifying e> epieces the Astronomer and Traveler climbed aboard, optically speaking, and headed out into space toward Mars. The Traveler at once began bombarding the Astronomer with questions. Traveler: "Why is this considered such a good time to see Mars? Is July 27 the only time worth looking at it?" Astronomer—"By no means. Beginning June 1 Mars could be seen rising in the southeast about 10 P. M. It will keep rising a few minutes earlier each night. By the time it was closest to earth Mars rose at the same time the sun was setting. An ordinary person without special training would probably be unable to notlte any change in its telescoping appearance for several months. August 15 Mars will be 38,085,000 miles from the earth, 2,052,000 miles farther away than it was on July 27.'' T.—"I suppose it takes a big telescope to see much of Mars?" A.—"No. A fine view can be had in a telescope of moderate size. A much more important factor is a clear, steady condition of the atmosphere. The so-called canals, among the most difficult markings to discern, were discovered with a telescope having a lense only S 1 ,^ inches in aperture." The Traveler was told Mars was only one-tenth as massive as the earth and that a 150-pound earthman would weigh only about 50 pounds on Mars. Everything would feel only one-third as heavy as one would expect. At noon in the tropics the temperature gets well above freezing, but after sunset it falls rapidly and by midnight 1s terribly cold, possibly as cold as dry ice, (frozen carbon dioxide), 10S degrees below zero. At this juncture the Astronomer inserted in the telescope an eyepiece magnifying only 100 times, bringing Mars within an apparent distance of 360,300 miles. A.—"Take a look under this power and tell me what you see." T.—"Mars looks like an orange- colored glo^e with patches of green on it here and there. And there is a brillinnt white spot on it, too. Is that one of! Mars' poles?" A.- "Yes. lhat is the South Pole. It is thought to be a thin layer of snow and ice, perhaps only a few inches thick. H has been estimated that all the water on Mars would hardly nil Lake Huron." T.—"\Vnal arc the red and green markings?" A.—"The reddish areas, covering 60 per cent of Mars, are vast barren deserts that give the planet its fiery color. Dust clouds have been se^n moving across the deserts at a height of 17 miles. The green Tiny, But Very Sore CONNECTICUT j^^ I ^ POPULATION- 1,646,000 AKEA- This map shows the comparative size of the free territory of Danzig, sorest spot in troubled Europe at the moment, with great powers facing each other at sword's point over suspected attempts of Chancellor Hitler to add Danzig to the Reich. patches are believed to be vegetable growth of some kind, for they change color with the seasons." T.—"Is there animal as well as vegetable life there, -too?" A.—"No one can answer that question at present. If creatures do exist they must differ widely from the higher forms of life with which we are familiar. There cannot be more than 1 per cent as much oxygen in Mars' atmosphere as there is in our own. This fact, with the low surface gravity, the great deserts, the extreme cold, would all be against development of anything man-like on Mars. "Now let us substitute the low- power eye-piece for the 500-power eyepiece. This brings us 500,000 miles nearer. Now take a look." T.—"Oh, that makes Mars look much bigger. It is so big I can't see all of the disk in the telescope. Now and then I get a glimpse of strange markings —little dots and specks and lines. But they don't stand still long enough for me to find out what they are. Do you think any canals are visible tonight?" A.—"You would be very lucky to see a canal at, your first look through a telescope. It. takes not only a good telescope and fine seeing conditions, but a trained eye as well." T.—"What are the canals, anyhow?" A.—"There is still a great deal of argument about them. Some astronomers see the disk covered with a network of fine, straight lines having a peculiar artificial appearance. They have developed a theory in which the canals are irrigation ditches bordered by vegetation, built by highly intelligent beings to bring water from the melting polar snowcaps down over the arid land. But other astronomers, equally experienced, say the canals more nearly resemble broad strips tnat might well be natural surface markings. And there are many astronomers of proven ability who have never been able to see a single canal, no matter how hard they look. The question is still open." T.—"Do you think the new 200- inch telescope may solve the problem?" A.—"It is doubtful if it will be of great advantage, for a very large glass is not vitally essential in the study of planetary detail." T.—"One more question: Does Mars have a moon like 1he earth?" A.—"Mars has two tiny moons, Phobus and Deimos, 10 and 5 miles in diameter, respectively. Their names, meaning Fear and Panic, were associated with the companions of Mars, the War God of Greek mythology. Neither remotely resembles our moon. Phobus is only 5SOO miles from Mars and goes around it so fast that it rises in Ihe west and. sets in the east. Dei- mos is 14,600 miles away and rises and sets like a well-behaved moon should." T.—"When will be the best time to see Mars after this year?" A.—"The Red Planet will bo with us again .in October, 1941, • but 4,000,000,000 miles farther away than it was on July 27. Seen from our northern latitude, however, it will ho higher up in, the sky, which will more than make up for its being then farther away." Coming back to earth the Astronomer summarized for the Traveler some of the salient facts about Mars: Life—No positive evidence for animal life. Plant life probable. Canal s—A network of fine, straight lines covering entire disk of Mars. Precise nature unknown. Variously explained as artificial waterways, natural surface markings, and optical illusions. Discovered in Italy in 1S77 by Schiaparelli. Atmosphere—Has thin gaseous envelope of unknown constitution about GO miles in depth. No positive evidence found for oxygen or water vapor. Polar Caps—Thin layer of ice ami snow. Vary in size, with season. Only apparent source of water vapor. Other Regions—Vast barren deserts that, probably owe their reddish color to highly oxidized minerals. Blue-Green Areas—Thought to be aeas by earlier astronomers, now known to be dry land. Greenish hue attributed to vegetation. Qhangc color with the seasons. Oases—Tiny round spots found at intersection of canals evidently have some connection with canal system. Nature unknown. Manhattan ly 9t*f9« Tycktf NEW YORK, August 2.—A detective tells me that as sure as shooting Voodooism is practiced in Harlem. Voodooism is that weird "conjur religion said to have been imported from Africa, but more likely from Haiti, by slaves. It Is predicted on the potency of various charms, such as nail-pairings, dried lizards, and human hair. It is accompanied by frenzied symbolical dances and leans heavily on witchcraft. Not long ago a negro was arrested in Harlem for theft, and around his neck was found a con- jur back. In it were the front paws of: a dead rat, a capsule of "Goofus" dust (powdered fish scales), nail-pairings, and a bone which he claimed was the knuckle of a monkey's hand. All of these charms, if purchased from the right source, are said to be powerful enough to destroy your enemies or at least to give you an advantage over them. There is a story in Harlem to the effect that the Voodooists concentrate on Joe Louis every time, he fights, and they ascribe all his victories to the infallibility of their "medicine." Joe's defeat at the hands of Schmeling on their first encounter was discounted on the theory that some of the more powerful Voodoo worshipers, taking a temporary dislike to Louis, conjured up an even more powerful form of medicine and turned it against him. * * * Where the Voodooists meet is a closely guarded secret, but tnls detective tells me their worship ts' a pervision of the old Voodoo and is allied with the "loco" weed belt, or Marajuana dives, of which, there are supposed to be more than 500 in Harlem. The effects of the weed make its users more conducive to mass hypnotism, an essential part "of Voodoo ritual. They tell me there are even "drug stores' in Harlem to which. worshipers go Cor their charms, the most potent of which is "grls- gris," said to be so powerful that all you have to do is leave a little "gris-gris" on your enemy's doorstep during the dark of the moon and he will disappear. Dried toads, powdered bone, powdered fish-scales, snake skin, dried human skin, dried lizards, and various "ointments" are available for true believers. Each of these charms has a special purpose. 1C you work for a man who isn't paying you a decent wage you simply confer with the chief medicine man and he suggests a "remedy." These mediums are powerful enough to' Insure your success in business and to confound your rivals in courtship. * * * Although Voodooism has been practiced since the Revolutionary war in this country, no one really knows much about it. Authorities have no date for its arrival in America. Said to ho a relic of the Guinea coast, it is more probable that it developed in the French colonies in the Indies. It flourished strongly in the slave districts up to and after the Civil war, particularly along the Mississippi and iu New Orleans. That its influence should have reached Harlem, famed black belt of the Metropolitan area, seems inevitable. How strong it is, whether it approximates the ancient fanaticism of the early slave arrivals, no one knows. .But it survives, and will survive as long as there are such things :is witches and goblins io ride broom sticks in the dark of thR moon. Human beings have existed on the earth for approximately 1.000,000 years. EYE GLASSES ON CREDIT AT KAY'S 40 West Washington Street COI'LD yon fill a better Job? Look over the "Help Wanted" column and see wh.it is bcirip: offered today. GAS IS THE FUEL of Tomorrow as Evidenced by the USB of OVER 2500 GAS APPLIANCES AT THE NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR Hagerstown Gas Co. Telephone 1010 DICK TRACY — FAMILY POSSE i At which milestone of the past August—or, for that matter, at any | Would ihey halt mankind's pa| rarie? | What of all that's known today In a worid of ignorance deep Would they care TO throw away. What advancements choose to keep? other time o? the year. EVENT the humblest can render great service to mankind. They j can quit making too mucn noise. WHAT? YOU?;> I MIGHT HAVE KMOWN / HE WAS TRXING TO GET INTO HER ROOMAtL WEBK/ XT WAS ALL X COUi-D DO TO KEEP HfM OUT. HE WAS SMOOPIN6. HERE'S THE IMBEDDED IN YEAH. .. BULLET/ THOU6HT HIM OUT BUT :

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