Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa on October 3, 1935 · Page 2
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Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa · Page 2

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Thursday, October 3, 1935
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LENOX TIME TABLE, LENOX, IOWA By Edwar n«papcrUnfm Salvador Mussolini's Demands Ruin Plans for Peace E THIOPIA accepted as a basis for discussion the plan submitted by the League of Nations committee of five nations, of which Salvador do Madariaga of Spain was chairman, but Italy rejected It utterly. Then Premier Mussolini offered in the form of "observations," his counter- demands. The committee considered these quite out of the question and proceeded to draw ., ~.."j~~i un n report to the de Madariaga , eague counc n announcing that its efforts had proved futile. Thus Italy was left in the position of having rejected all peace proposals and Ethiopia had made Its case stronger by having accepted as a negotlatory instrument a plan that called on her to make drastic concessions. The issue was in this way put up to the council, whose duty was next to proceed under article 15 of the covenant, leading to sanctions against Italy unless Mussolini yields. The Italian demands were considered most extravagant. One was for a sort of mandate over all of Ethiopia except the relatively small area Inhabited by the Amharlc people, who constitute the ruling class. Another was that Italy be ceded land to connect Eritrea and Italian Somaliland, now separated by French and British Somaliland. A third was for demobilization and disarming of a considerable portion of the Ethiopian army, the remainder to be put under Italian commanders. In the diplomatic Jockeying that followed the communication of these terms by Alois! to Madariaga, the Italian baron said the proposals were unofficial, and this left the way open for further discussion. It was reported that the French and Italian delegates to the league had persuaded the British representatives that the three nations should hold another Stresa conference to insure European peace. Great Britain informed Italy that her tremendous naval concentration In the Mediterranean was not ordered with any aggressive motive but because of the violent anti-English campaign carried on by the Fascist press of Italy. The massing of the British warships at Gibraltar, Malta, Alexandria and the Suez canal continued, and Italy responded by rearranging her naval dispositions. Also the flow of Italian troops to East Africa was continuous, and it was announced In Rome that 200,000 soldiers of the classes of 1011, 1012, 1013 and 1914 had reported for duty. This brought to 1,000,000 the total Italian mobilization, which Mussolini some time ago promised would be the mark reached before October 1. Officials In Rome declared that Italy was determined to press a military campaign In Ethiopia, feeling that only by such a campaign— In which modern weapons would be called into play—could Ethiopia be eliminated as a "danger." They explained that Italy would do everything in its power to avoid a clash with British, and If possible, would localize its conflict with Ethiopia in east Afria. Strong, Swift Army Urged by General McArthur EN. DOUGLAS MAC ARTHUR, retiring chief of staff, in his final report recommended a five- year plan for making the American army into an Istru- m e 111 of speed, lighting ability and destructive power unsurpassed e 1 s e- where. Quality rath er than quantity, he said, was needed, and he pro posed that all Implements of war be modernized a n d that the technical „ training of the ofli- Qe "- Mac Arthur cers be intensified. He said: "Beyond all doubt, any major war in the future will see every belligerent nation highly organized for the single purpose of victory, the attainment ''of which will require Integration and intensification of Individual and collective effort. "Hut it will be a nation at war rather than a nation In arms. Of this vast machine the fighting forces will be only (he cutting edge; their mandatory characteristics will be speed In movement, power in flre and shock action, ana the utmost In professional skill anq leadership "Their armaments will necessarily be of the most efficient types obtainable and the transportation, supply and maintenance systems supporting them will be required to function perfectly and continuously. Economic an'd Industrial resource will have to Insure the ade- quacy of munitions supply and the sustenance of the whole civil population. In these latter fields the great proportion of the employable population will find Its war duty." French Croix De Feu Men in Big Mobilization F RENCH Nationalists, whose organization is known as Croix de Feu, are preparing to take over control of the government—at some future time not yet determined. Just to show their strength, they were directed by their leader, Col. Francois de la Racque, to "mobilize" the other night secretly In forests and fields throughout France, and It was claimed that 250,000 members gathered. Communists and Socialists attacke'd the "Cross of Fire" at Caen and other places and several men were Injured. De la Rocque's followers, however, refrained from violence. To one of the meetings he addressed, the would-be dictator said: "We won't fight back until the time comes for mass mobilization; then we will fight as a single unit." Remembering what Mussolini and his Fascists did in Italy, these Croix de Feu men may have to be reckoned with later in France. Secretary Hull Sets Up Arms Control Office PREPARING for the imminent ^probability of war between Italy and Ethiopia, Secretary of State Cordell Hull established an office of arms and munitions control to carry out the provisions of the neutrality act and direct federal control of the munitions traffic. The office is under the direction of R. Walton Moore, assistant secretary of state. Joseph C. Green is chief of the office and has as his assistant Charles W. Yost. Manuel Quezon Is Elected Philippines President W HEN the new Philippines commonwealth Is formally born on November 15, in Manila, with Vice President John M. Garner officiating as its godfather, Manuel Quezon, for 20 years the leader 'of the fight for in dependence, will be inaugurated as Its first president. In the recent election he and his entire ticket were victorious. The defeated rivals for the Manuel Quezon ^m^I ?*»* Emilio Agulnaldo, jvho led the rebellion against American rule years ago, and Bishop Gregorio Aglipay. They were virtually snowed under. Agulnaldo charged fraud In the election and sent a protest to President Roosevelt. But all he obtained from that quarter was an Indirect snub, for the President Immediately sent to Quezon the following message: "My most official congratulations upon your election to the highest office within the gift of the Filipino people. Your overwhelming choice by the electorate Is a fitting culmination of your many years of patriotic labor In behalf of the country." Quezon's term of office Is six years and his annual salary will be $15,000. The commonwealth will be a ten-year prelude to complete Independence from the United States. Quezon, who Is largely of Spanish blood, is fifty-seven years old. President Gets Ready for Western Trip n RESIDENT ROOSEVELT re- r turned to the White House from his throe weeks' vacation In Hyde Park and started In on a busy week of official duties and preparation for his trip to San Diego, Calif. Among the first things he did was the delivery of a radio address In behalf of the Annual Mobilization for Human Needs. In this he explained his position on taxing corporation gifts to charity. He also took up the matter of speeding up the expenditure of the huge work relief fund and discussed with advisers the problem of the soft coal miners' strike. Mr. Roosevelt will not make many speeches on his Western jaunt. New York Lays Plans for "Greatest World's Fair" I F PLANS now in the making are carried out, New York will hold in 1939 and 1940 what it figures will be "the greatest world's fair in history." It will commemorate the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the inauguration in that city of George Washington as the first President, and It is expected it will represent an investment of $40,000,000. Many distinguished citizens are on the steering committee, of which George McAneny la chairman. Missouri Farmers Sentenced for Plattsburg Riot "rMVELVE Missouri farmers •I have been convinced that It Joesn't pay to Interfere with Fed ?ral court proceedings and they were sentenced to Leavenworth for terms ranging from one day to three years. The farmers wept, nnd the judge relented, placing them on probation. Led by Sam Divelbiss, on whose farm a foreclosure sale was to be held, they disarmed and beat United States Marshall H. L. Dilllnghnin nnd three aids and threatened them with hang- ng. The farmers were arrested and taken before Federal Judge Reeves In St. Joseph, who said they were guilty of holding federal officers captives, damaging a motor car, mayhem, felonious assault, robbery, [listurbance of the peace, rioting an'd resisting an officer. The defendants pleaded guilty and were promptly sentenced. The government charged that the Farmers' Protective association fostered ihe riotous gathering and so Clif:on Gall, its secretary, was given the heaviest penalty, three years prison. Pennsylvanians Against Basic Law Changes W HILE all the nation was celebrating Constitution day, the citizens of Pennsylvania went to the polls and voted overwhelmingly against the calling of a Constitu- :ional convention for the purpose of "modernizing" the state's basic law which was adopted 01 years ago. Since the proposed changes were to have a decided New Deal irend, the Republicans looked on the result of the referendum as a victory of national significance. The revision was strongly supported by Governor Earle and the state Democratic organization an'd also by organized labor. New Mexico voters turned down a proposal to boost their property exemption of $2,500, along with four other suggested amendments to the state constitution. De Wolf Hopper, Comedian, Taken by Death D EATH came suddenly in Kansas City to De Wolf Hopper, American comedian who for more than half a century had been a favorite of the theater-goers. He was seventy-seven years old and of late had been giving weekly radio broadcasts Committee of Lawyers Hits New Labor Law "TTNCONSTTUTONAL" Is the *-^ verdict of the American Lib- ety league's committee of 58 lawyers on the Wagner-Connery labor relations act. "It is our belief," said the opinion, written In the form of n brief, "that the statute unnecessarily and arbitrarily infringes upon the Individual liberties of the employer nnd the employee and Is therefore Invalid." This is the first of a proposed se rles of opinions on recent federal legislation by the committee of lawyers. It was formulated by a subcommittee consisting of Earl P. Reed of Pittsburgh, chairman; Har old Beacom, Chicago; Harold J. Gallagher, New York; D. ,T. Kene- flck, Buffalo; Harrison B. McGrnw, Cleveland; Gurney E. Newlin, Los Angeles; Hal H. Smith, Detroit, and E. Randolph Williams, RIcl* mond, Va. Mercker, Potato Czar, Will Have His Troubles A E. MERCKER, who used to be • secretary of the Interstate Early Potato committee, has been made head of the potato section of the Agricultural Adjustment administration, and his troubles are just beginning. Control of the potato crop is considered a natural sequence in the policy that Is being followed by the AAA, and, like other parts of Sec. _., . retary Wallace's A. E. Mercker agrlcultural plnni , t Is supported earnestly and as seriously condemned. Among those who oppose potato control is Porter R. Chandler of Geneseo, N. Y., a gen. tlemun farmer. He has advertised extensively his Intention to grow and sell potatoes in defiance of the federal potato control act and lo vltes prosecution. McCarl Stops Funds for Reedsville Factory C OMPTROLLER GENERAL MCCARL in a formal opinion held that there Is no legal authorization for the federal government to pay out any funds for the construction of a furniture factory at Reedsville, W. Va. This has been a project especially favored by Mrs. Roosevelt. It was Intended originally that the factory should make furniture for government offices and give employment to transplanted coal miners. A year ago McCarl refused to sanction an allocation to the factory from recovery funds. Then congress turned on the project on the ground that It discrinifnated against private Industry. McCarl says tb.e Department ot the Interior went ahead with letting contracts for the construction, nevertheless, and the building Is about 80 per cent completed. National Topics Interpreted by William Bruckart National Press Building Washington, D, C. Washington.—I believe the trend of recent developments begins to indicate rather Party Backs definitely that Roosevelt President Roosevelt is going to be able to hold a rather united Democratic party behind him In his next campaign. The chances of a split In his- ranks are very small, Indeed, and barring changes of which there are at present no hints at all, the new Deal will encompass the Democratic party which nominated nnd elected Mr. Roosevelt as President. By those statements, it is not meant that no defections will take place. There always are some disgruntled and dissatisfied party men who break away. They have done it with Republicans and Democrats with equal abandon. There will be some In the 1fWO campaign, hut not very many. Those statements are made by way of discounting offshoots of consequence under radical leadership and offshoots of equal consequence behind old-line conservative Democratic leadership. It is, of course, just possible that William Randolph Hearst, the publisher, and Balnbridge Colby, secretary of state under Woodrow Wilson, may succeed in development of a conservative alignment with major support but the situation Is not one likely to cause the New Deal leaders any particular embarrassment. Likewise the death of Senator Huey P. Long removes what might possibly have been a radical party wedge. The late Louisiana senator was making some progress in development 01 a radical party but with him removed from the scene there is no longer any possibility of that group attaining n place of importance in the political structure. They are fighting among themselves and It is apparent now that the group will be split into a score of factious, none of which will have any capacity to accomplish the purposes which Senator Long had outlined. * * * Judged Impartially, the death of Senator Long ought to enhance the . , Democratic pros- Long's Death pec ts In 1930. Helps This certainly is :• true unless the administration between now and the next election decides to court the conservative vote in the country and In doing so offends the progressive segment of voters to which Mr. Roosevelt largely owes his 1032 election. To reiterate, it is possible, of course, that Mr. Roosevelt or his party advisers may make mistakes which will throw the whole party machine out of gear, but they are not rfow In evidence. The reason the passing of Huey Long is important from the political standpoint is pictured most reliably in the history of third party movements. While it is obvious that Senator Long could never have been elected President—and I believe he was too smart a politician to think that he could have been successful—there was the danger from the Roosevelt standpoint that he could alienate some part of the vote which elected Mr. Roosevelt In 1D32. if he had been able to do this, It Is certain that Republican chances would have been enhanced because the Republican vote would have remained solidly behind the Republican candidate. Some years ago, Robert Al. La Follette, then a senator from Wisconsin, ran for the Presidency on a third party ticket. He polled about five million votes. This happened at a time when the country was reasonably prosperous. Surely, the economic conditions wore of a character that bred less discontent than those of this depression era. So, astute political observers tell me that it takes little stretch of the imagination to conceive of a radical party, led by a man of the dynamic characteristics of Huey Long, he- ing able to poll »s many as ton million votes throughout the country despite the difficulties that always face the organization of a now political party. So, while the national capital was startled by Senator Long's death and appalled at the manner of his going, it Is not a violation of any confidence to sa., that New Deal politicians are resting easier. They enjoyed Il?iey, the man, but they recognized in him an adversary decidedly dangerous to their cause. * * * Now, as to other factors involved, factors that might withdraw support from Mr. Uttier Roosevelt. I said Factors above that the Hearst - Colby movement Is doomed to defeat. The real effect and probably the only effect that movement will have will be to force the Roosevelt leaders to realign their strength In some states. Mr. Hearst, with the great power of his string of newspapers behind him, has yet to succeed in creating a p.otent political group. He attempted it when the late Warren Harding of Ohio was the Republican nominee and James M. Cox of the same state was put for- ward by the Democrats. It was my good fortune to be assigned as correspondent to the convention o Mr. Hearst's new party. It wa evident then as It later was provei by the votes that the enthusiasti delegates to that convention repre sented a following so small as to Iv utterly negligible. Even with th astute advice of Balnbridge Colby little more will come out of the cur rent movement. Then, those who have their eye on the facts Instead of on the bally hoo will promptly discount the tall about Democratic defection whet they stop to consider some othe things that are taking place. Fo example, there have been no mor bitter dissents from New Deal poll cies than Senator Carter Glass o Virginia and Senator Thomas P Gore of Oklahoma have voiced. Mr Glass lately has engaged in rite of burying the hatchet to the es tent that he Is not going to run for re-election In Virginia as any thing but a Democrat. Out in Oklahoma, Senator Gor< has been making speeches tha sound strangely as though he is al most friendly with the administra tion. He has been telling his audi ences that he has stood with the President on many votes In the sen ate, sometimes vhen his vote was badly needed. Though it become.' apparent that while neither Sena tor Glass nor Senator Gore is en thusiastic about New Deal policies neither of them is going to deser the Democratic party. And, so it Is In any number o other cases. They may not speal glowingly of President Roosevelt in their own campaigns for re-election but as candidates they are not go Ing to fight him openly. * * * "Big Jim" Farley, the master New Deal politician, successfully avoiclec . . an out nnd ou Avoids New test of New Dea Deal Test issues in Ohio when Governor Davey of that state announced re cently that there would be no spe cial election to choose a representa tive at large to fill a vacancy. The Ohio governor said it would cos top much money to hold a specla. election, his announcement being made at the White House just aft er President Roosevelt had agreed to allot $20,000,000 in public works funds for Ohio use. But the astute Mr. Farley Is no. going to be able to avoid a test on New Deal issues In Kentucky. The situation in that state Is that a Democrat of President- Roosevelt's choice and who is supporting the New Deal from start to finish is running Cor governor against a hard-boiled and conservative Republican. The election will be the firsl week in November and thus a state wide vote can he expected to measure the Roosevelt strength. Be cause of this, all of the maneuvers, are being closely watched and the battle of those ballots obviously wil be bitter. The Kentucky test takes on add! tlonal significance and importance because of something that happenei In choosing the Democratic nonii nee. The Kentucky fight Is to determine whether Ueut. Gov. A. B. Chandler, the Democrat, or former Representative King Swope, the Republican, will run the state. Governor Laffoon apparently wanted to have the Democratic noni- inee selected by the old convention method but the Roosevelt support ers preferred a primary. Conse quently, Senator Barkley of Ken tucky, a devout Roosevelt follower In the senate, was sent into his home state to soo that the primary plan was made operative. The Democratic state committee which was empowered to choose the method of selecting the candidate was de termlned to have n convention nnd it was after this determination became known that Mr. Roosevelt participated in dictating the course thp party should follow. Senator Barkley arrived in his homo state bearing a letter signed "Franklin D. Roosevelt" urging the primary and while Governor Laffoon was out of the state attempting to convince national leaders that his candidate for the Democratic nomination was the right one, Lieutenant Governor Chandler called a special session of the state legislature and put through a law compelling the selection of the candidate by the primary. Mr. Chandler won the nomination in the run-off although Thomas S. Rhea had polled more votes In the original primary than did Mr. Chandler. So it Is apparent beyond a doubt that Mr. Roosevelt recognizes the necessity for electing a Democrat and New Deal supporters in Kentucky say that he Is prepared to battle to the last ditch. Nevertheless, the fur will fly In Kentucky in November. It cannot be avoided. If 'the administration wins, undoubtedly New Deal-stock will be enhanced In value. But If the Republican nominee should win the Kentucky test, the whole New Deal must be prepared to wear ac unusual black eye. © Western Newspaper Union. BRISBANE THIS WEEK Washington Said It Scaring Mussolini Ethiopian War Fever Not Even a Nest Egg One hundred and thlrty-nin years ago George Washington mad his farewell nc dress. It Is mid "Victorian" t drag In Oeorg Washington nov when so mnn are prepared t write a bette Constitution tha the one h signed. Never theless, some o the oM-fnshlone may tolerate reminder tlmt 1 his farewell nd Arthur Brisbane dress Q e 0 r g Washington said: "It Is our true policy to stee clear of permanent alliances wit any portion of the foreign world. Also, with apologies to pacifist and high-spirited young colleg gentlemen who say they would no fight under any circumstances, yo are reminded that George Wash Ington said In 1700: "To be prepared for war Is on of the most..effectual means of preserving peace." If Mussolini can be scared h British gestures, he will be scared with England sending her gren battleships to the Gibraltar har bor. Other battleships and thou sands of soldiers are sent to he island of Malta, and, Imitating rea war, she is putting "submarln booms" in the Gibraltar harbo on the assumption that wicket Mussolini might send submarine to blow up her battleships; am that is exactly what he would d If it came to war. Mussolini Is not alone In his cle sire for war. On Sunday in th Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, ac cording to the Associated Press "2,000 shrieking Ethiopians," yell ing "We want war," gathered be fore the imperial palace demand ing weapons. The Associate Press sa.vs: "The scene was so-vl olent that police confiscated motion picture films of It." That was wise because films might have con vlnced the outside world that Ethl oplans and Italians are much al "under the skin." Sewell L. Avery, head of Mont ornery Ward & Co., will tell yot that the work of the tax gather ers in America is done thoroughly His company, on its regular busl ness In six months, made $4,340, 7GG. Taxes on this busines amounted to $4,000,000, or $251, WO more than the concern earned You might almost call that "dls couraglng business." When you :ake the eggs from the nest of th hen that would like to set, you al ways leave one egg, or at least a door knob, "to go on with." Dispatches from Tokyo tell of planning political murder wholesale The "god-sent troops" that have committed occasional murders In highest places are tired of "occa slonal" murders, and decided to wipe out the Japanese cabinet 5n an air raid with bombs, destroy the financial district of Tokyo, assas sinate hundreds of industrial and financial leaders and "re-establish mperial despotism." The burning of buildings to pui :he throne and Tokyo In a state of :haos was part of the plan. Sir Malcolm Campbell, who took ils giant English-built automobile o the smooth surface of the Great Salt desert, west of Salt Lake City ; drove the car faster than 300 miles an hour, returns to New York idvlslng motorists to "drive care- ully." Sir Malcolm, who has surpassed every speed record on the surface f the earth, selects the right place or speeding. At home he belongs o English organizations estab- ished to promote safety. Sir James Jeans, British nstron- mer and physicist, whose "The lysterlous Universe" and other looks you should read, has changed ils mind about the age of the unl erse, and, like Professor Einstein, vhen he changes his mind he tells ou. He thinks the universe Is about 0,000,000,000,000 or ten trillions of ears old. That is a long time to !lr James Jeans and us, but, for all eans or anybody else knows, it may mean less than one hour In the fe of some "super-universe." Hitler, talking to his army about iron discipline," blames Christian:y and the Hohenzollerns for the Ise of Communism that "I crushed •hen I came to power." Whether e crushed It or not-reinains to be een. A sailor from an American ship s locked up in Germany for humming "The Internationale," Commu- ist hymn, and making the hymn orse by saying something unpleas- nt about Hitler. ©, King Features Syndicate, loo, WNU Servlca, Housewife 1 , To Slic Try _. the rind the rind, you want, the rind, as pos Bacon ^; nba r^ find that you In this *-""-£^ bergi were never in, built been nro among Jacob F In 1520. of Bnvnrla, 15 years ago t ™ cant He B houses constmtwl r, the German b " rent for $1,, WHEN THEY SI THESE SI -Nervousness, Constipi and Poor Appetite, cheek their diets for this aS' I important, 3-purpaseeitmn \ 9 Many are nervous, poor in appal system out of order, because tei diets lack enough of the predwB min B for keeping fit. i, Few things keep them tact IfcllJ of this protective food element. So give everyone Quaker OaB fi. morning. Because in addition to iaj erous supply of Vitamin B fo: kMft fit, it furnishes food-energy, rausdcii body-building ingredients. Forsbonljj per dish. Start servingittomorrowfora!- test. Quaker Oats has a wholesoma| like, luscious appeal to the ap| Flavory, surpassingly good. AH ( supply it. IN VITAMIN B FOR KEEPING FIT,.! lc worth of I Quaker Oats I > equals , ScakesolFrf Quaker and Mother's Oati are ttjj Same Thing The meaning of tan qulvalcnt. tureclv— ..foai onif-fl-pS, careless 1 use iuy u 89 OI ^^ IDVERTB2,

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