Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 17, 1977 · Page 5
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 5

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Hope, Arkansas
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Saturday, December 17, 1977
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Page 5
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Saturday. Drc^mbrr 17, HOPK <ARK.» STAR Shetland sheiks—they Ve joined the rat race Five F.ERWICK, Shetland Islands i.AP) - "We're part of the rat race now," James Nicolson said. He was lamenting the profound changes Britain's North Sea oil boom has brought to these remote Scottish islands. The 19,000 people of this rocky, treelers archipelago, the northernmost part of Britain, will earn an estimated 100 million pounds — $180 million — from "the oil" over the next 30 years, the life expectancy of the fields lying 100 miles out to sea. But, like Nicolson, many islanders fear the oil rush has endangered the Shetlanders' traditional independence and communal way of life, which had changed little for centuries. Until five years ago, when the oil boom first hit, Shetland was r ne of the Britain's poorest regions, heavily subsidized by the government. The islanders, whose cultural heritage dates back to Viking raiders who settled here in the 8th century, eked out a livelihood knitting sweaters and fishing a cruel sea. Things were so bad after a century-long decline that many islanders headed south to the mainland, or beyond, every year to find work. But North Sea oil has transformed the islands' fragile economy and brought back hundreds of Shetianders to fill jobs the oil boom has created. The oil companies operating the fields in the East Shetland Basin, the richest in the North Sea, will pay 50 million pounds — $90 million — to the islanders in a "disturbance allowance." The rest will come in.interest and royalties on every barrel of oil pumped through a giant tanker terminal being built at Sullom Voe, a fiord on the northern coast of the main island, by the state-run British Petroleum Co. The boom has eradicated unemployment in the islands and generated a commercial bonanza for local businessmen who supply the oilmen. The Shetland Islands Council, its coffers swelled by the oil money, now has started building new houses, schools, social facilities and improving the twisting, rutted roads for the heavy construction traffic around Sullom Voe. The islanders overcame their qualms about the oil invasion and. supported by legislators in London, won unique powers from the government to deal with the oil companies and manage oil revenue. An official of one American company, asked how he handled any troublesome islanders, said: "We approach them then great tact, diplomacy, compassion — and a lot of money." It's this attitude, plus the Shetlanders' natural desire to grab a piece of the action while it's going, that Nicolson feels has corrupted the island people who once were only happy to make ends meet. "Monty'sfar more important to people than it used to be," the 44-year-old writer, part- time fisherman and onetime geologist in West Africa commented. Ijtbor rates have soared because local industries nnd businesses can't compete with the oil companies. Housewives who used to make a few pounds extra a week cleaning others' homes now can make HXI pounds — $180 — a week as chambermaids in the camps for the Sulom Voe construction workers. The traditional fish-processing and knitting industries can't compete with the big money to Sunday on TV: the Jewish poor be had jtt Snllom V ( n>. where .<» man can make iw pounds $70 .1 week swin»:\nt! a puk- ax. Three \ears .IK>> llu- a\iTH»;t< weekly wn^e in Shetland was \C pounds $70. Stores in I.erwick's rubbled streets display $200 watches, $600 silver cutlery sets, deep freezes, color TV sets nnd washing machines luxuries the islanders mild not afford before the oil came. "The oil's bronchi problems we've never had bo fore." said Nicolson, one of those Islanders who have returned. Time was in the Shetlands, when people never Itx-ked their doors because there was no crime to speak of. Not any- Masil Wishart, white-haired, chain-smokins editor of The Shetland Times, commented: "We have more crime now, MoMly it's petty stuff like dnmkeness. But now we're get- tint; serious assaults - - usually oil people beating each other up." British Petroleum, determined to avoid trouble says the wild Saturday night bashes by mobs of the 3,000 Sullom Voe construction men, mostly out- Miier.s, are over. "We've built camps, complete with nlRhl clubs, bars nnd other forms of entertainment for the men so they rarely go to town much anymore," a spokesman explained. Maria does Florence B ?l l l B ! nn , y , party pact from a memory bank NEW YORK (AP) - A biased, old stereotype portrays Jews as rich money-holders. Actually, their ranks are disproportionately few in running banks. And an estimated 750,000 of them eke out an existence below the poverty line. This commonly disregarded but extensive segment of the poor is getting some added attention lately, lighting up long ignored misery, especially in the larger cities. It's the subject of a special television documentary on the ABC network this Sunday (1 to 1:30 p.m. EST), written, produced and directed by Howard Enders, an independent producer who spent months probing into economically blighted Jewish lives in New York City. "No, I don't blame God," says an impoverished old man in the film. A once prosperous Berliner, he barely escaped Nazism with his life and now exists on $121 monthly Social Security. "GodI is good to everybody. 'But we : '— we are no good." An old Jewish woman, her hands shaking, murmurs. "It hurts to be poor. It kills. It always did." The film report says the myth persists of "widespread Jewish affluence," ignoring about three-quarters of a million desperately poor Jews, who have often been bypassed in government anti-poverty efforts. "Other minority groups have been more vocal in their demands," the documentary notes. "Blacks, Hispanics and other minorities have been classified as disadvantaged and so are eligible for government small-business loans. Yiddish- speaking Jews are not." It is particularly among them and older Jews that acute poverty is common, the report and other studies find, as well as among Jews left behind in mixed, run-down areas, once stable Jewish communities, abandoned by betteroff residents. Betram H. Gold, executive vice president of the American Jewish Committee, puts estimates of the number of U.S. Jews living on incomes of $4,000 a year or less for a family of four at 500,000 to 1 million. He says government programs generally have been targeted to other ethnic groups and^'dci not even-attempt to meet the very different economic and cultural needs of Jews." He says part of their neglect stems from "traditional Jewish reluctance to apply for public relief," although eligibile Jews who do apply get welfare benefits. However, the film says that of |40 million in federal dollars spent anually on New York City poverty programs, the Jewish poor get less than 1 percent, although they make up about a fourth of the city's population. A fifth of them — 350,000 — are reported below the poverty line. Gold notes that until recently, American Jewish agencies themselves "took for granted that poverty did not touch many Jews," and did little about it. But in the wake of a national conference on the subject five years ago, they have stepped up programs to deal with the problem. "A host of new programs around the country are being developed," he says. The expression "a cock and bull story" comes from old fables in which cocks, bulls and other animals discoursed like people. LOS ANGELES (AP) — Marla Gibbs says she Dorics from her memory bank when she plays Florence the maid on "The Jeffersons." "The lines just come up," said Miss Gibbs. "I'll suggest them and the writers put them into the script. When I was young, people didn't curse. They'd say 'blip.' Like, 'Girl, ain't that a blip.' Florence's dialogue is fed right out of my memory bank." On "The Jeffersons," seen on CBS at 9 p.m. EST Saturdays, Florence is the great leveler. When George Jefferson's pre- tentions and schemes get out of hand, she is the one who pricks the balloon and brings him down to earth. The show, which grew out of "All in the Family," is the flip side of the "great American success story." In this case, it's a black family that suddenly finds success and moves up the social and financial ladder — dragging their previous values behind them. "Florence is really a combination of my grandmother and an aunt in Chicago," she said. "She's like the people I grew up with. You'll find one in every black church. You'll find a Florence all over. "People will walk up to me and say, 'Child, you're a mess.' They'll do the whole dialogue." Most black people identify with the expressions immediately, she says. "It doesn't matter whether it's Chicago or Philadelphia. Most heard their grandmothers say the same things." She said, "I worried at first that the younger generation couldn't relate to her. Then I realized she's in every black household and that many whites know someone Just like her. Miss Gibbs, who moved to Los Angeles at the end of the 1960s, said, "I see her as part of the black heritage of this country. All blacks began in a servant capacity. There's not a black person who didn't come from that heritage. "The fact that she's not educated doesn't mean she's not intelligent. She has mother wit, as we used to say in Chicago. She gets right to the point, without all the fancy words." She said, "When I speak at schools I tell them Florence is on the same level with a doctor. She's a professional. There's no stigma to being a domestic servant." Miss Gibbs was on the first show of "The Jeffersons" when it was spun off from "All in the Family" in January 1975, replacing "Friends and Lovers." She came back twice more during that first season, then was given a contract as a regular performer. Our supermarket cashiers during the holidays are called "The Jingle Belles." scou WMlHI YOU II IIND WMf.1 TOU Rt lOOHINl. I0» I0» H\V HWY 4 NORTH-HOPE, ARK Due to supermarkets offering competative merchandise for sale on Sunday.... WE WILL BE OPEN 1PM-6PM SUNDAY AFTERNOONS FOR YOUR SHOPPING CONVENIENCE. SPECIALS LISTED BELOW GOOD SUNDAY ONLY!!! COCA COLA 32 OZ BOTTLE LIMIT 6 PLUS DEPOSIT CHARMIN BATHROOM TISSUE 4-ROLLPKG. __ ^ C LIMIT 2 ~ GODCHAUX SUGAR 5 Lb. BAG LIMIT 2 FOLGER'S COFFEE ALL GRINDS TOWELS If yon find yourself nt .. party this upcoming holiday season, surrounded by holly and less-tban-jolly folk, you might find comfort in this story told by Milton Merle. For 25 years. Nerle shnml Christmas time with the Into .lack Benny nlwnys the same way. Kvery Cliristmns D.iv, recalls Boric, a prominent theatrical attorney held open house at his Beverly I tills mansion. And every year the place was packed with wall- to-wall celebrities. "And every year, around noon." said Berle, "I'd net the same phone call: 'Hello, this is Jack. 1 "I'd say, 'Jack who?' and he'd say, 'Jack, Jack Benny. 1 I'd say, 'Oh, I thought it was Jack Oakio.' Then he would say, 'Arc you going to the..." and I'd interrupt with 'You mean the Christinas party? The answer is yes, and you want me to pick you up, right?' "To which Jack would say, 'How did you know?' "Anyhow. I'd pick up Jnck and we'd »jo to this beautiful home. We'd .squeeze our way into the front doorway, the maid would start to take our coats and Jack would look around, fingers to check in his typical fashion. After milking the moment as only lie could, he would turn back to me and say. 'I'm ready (to go) anytime you are.' "But then next year on ChrLstnuis Day around noon I'd Ket the same phone call. Not once did I «et to stay nt that party." —Be a courteous driver. —Obey all irnftic laws. —Slow down at sundown. Authentic HOT SINGLES \ HOW DKF.P is YOUR 1.OVF, Bee Ores iRSO) 2. YOU LIGHT UP MY f,tFE FVbby Boone (Wnrner-Curb) .1. BI.UF, BAYOU Linda Ron- stadt (Asylum) 4. BACK IN LOVF. AGAIN LTD(A&Mi 5. IT'S SO EASY Linda Ron- stadt (Asylum l 6. BABY COME BACK Player (HSO1 1. DON'T IT MAKE MY BROWN RYES BLUE Crystal Gnyle (United Artists) 8. HERK YOU COME AGAIN Dolly Pflrton (RCA) 9. SENTIMENTAL LADY Boh Welch (Capitol) 10. SLIP SLIDIN' AWAY Paul Simon (Columbia) TOP LP's 1. LINDA RONSTADT Simple Dreams (Asylum) 2. FI.EETWOOD MAC Ru- mours (Warner Bros.) 3. ROD STEWART Foot Ix»se & Fancy Free (Warner Bros.) 4. EARTH, WIND & FIRE AH 'N' All (Columbia) 5. EIJ3CTRIC LIGHT ORCHESTRA Out Of The Blue (Jet) 6. DEBBY BOONE You Ught Up My Life (Warner-Curb) 7. COMMODORES Uve (Motown) 8. STEELY DAN Aja (ABC) 9. KISS Alive 11 (Casablanca) 10. vSANTANA Moonftower (Columbia) Dealer name Authentic phone- P0i BOX addr "« Sherwood The Colonel has a tip for you that's easily understood... when you want the best in Holiday food, think "finger lickin' good." HERE'S WHAT YOU GET: 12 PIECES OF CHICKEN 1 PINT OF SLAW 1 PINT OF POTATOES HALF PINT OF GRAVY 6 ROLLS OFFER GOOD DEC 9-DEC ii3. 1977 W*4* 'it's finger lickin'good:

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