Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on May 31, 1936 · Page 27
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 27

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Pampa, Texas
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Sunday, May 31, 1936
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Page 27
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if; 1036. THE PAMPA DAILf NEWS, Pampa, fexas What Oil Means To Texas Will Be Shown In Exhibits At The Texas Centennial One of the features of the Texas CJentennial Exposition at Dallas, June 6th to November 29th, will be an oil exhibit imequaled by any former World's Pair. Those in charge of Exposition plans have assigned to petroleum and associated industries a conspicuous part in the celebration of a century of Texas history and m ogress. As a result of the cooperation of these industries, visitors to Dallas will have an unprecedented opportunity to acquaint themselves with the history of oil ^nd the methods and machinery used in Its discovery, production and distribution. All that scientists know about the formation of oil ^deposits, the strata in which they may be found and the surface indications of their presence; all thai drillers >have learned through actual experience, and all that has been accomplished by inventive genius, managerial ability, and mcchancial Skill in the recovery of oil and its transformation into hundreds of useful products, will be set forth In displays, pictures arid lectures. The complete slory of petroleum in Texas will be told, from the discovery of the first commercial woll near Nacogdochc.s, shortly after the War between the States, to the (Jevelopment of the world's largest oil field in East Texas. It Is entirely fitting that the first World's Fair to be held in Texas should Include the most comprehensive of oil exhibits. This State now produces more petroleum than other two state and far more than any foreign nation. It Is also the ^greatest refining state, its Gulf coast district alone holding a substantial lead over any other district, whether composed of a single state or a group of states. Both in number and magnitude of oil fields, Texas has beaten all records. There are now more than 600 producing fields in the state, located in 113 counties. In each of 46 counties more than 1,000,000 barrels of oil is produced annually. Prior to the first great oil strike In Texas at Spindletop in 1901, Texas was practically insignificant as : a manufacturing State, had no large cities and only one considerable seaport. The discovery and development of oil fields and the establishment of refineries and oil transportation systems have resulted in placing Texas among the really important manufacturing states and have given several of its seaports high rank among those of wlq nation. AH four of the largest cities, and many smaller ones, owe tjlifeir growth in considerable meas- ijjte to oil development. A revenue larger than that produced by all their farm crops is provided the people of the state by the annual expenditures of the Texas oil industry. An area nearly three times as Jarge as that devoted to cotton raising is under lease for oil development and the income of farmers! ranchmen and other land owners in every part of the state is swelled by many millions of dollars paid out annually for royalty oil, lease rentals and lease bonuses. 4 striking 'appreciation of the part oil has played in Texas progress, is contained in the latest issue of the Texas Almanac. After noting such facts as that "in'Texas the petroleum industry provides a living for approximately 1,000,000 people including all directly and indirectly affected"'; that it has 134,000 direct employes and an annual payroll amounting to $150,000,000, and that it pays $45,000,000 in state taxes and $10,500,000 in local taxes annually, the Almanac says: Tin a, multitude of ways pctro- ••'•" has contributed to Texas' jrogress. While it ranks second to Niton as a contributor to wealth of O~ the state over the long period, it has contributed more surplus wealth which has resulted in stimulation of industrial development, and civic and cultural advancement. Most of the great endowments, private and those coming from public lands, such as the $33,168,960 endowment of the University of Texas, have come primarily from oil. Texas today is probably two decades ahead of where it would have been in Its economic, social and cultural development, had there been no petroleum." Besides reflecting to some extent the importance of oil in the story of Texas, the oil exhibit at Dallas will have a broader significance. It will remind visitors from other parts of the country of the tremendous contribution made by the winners of Texas independence to the economic advancement of the nation. Oil is the outstanding mineral treasure of the United Stales and the petroleum industry is often ru- ferred to as America's greatest. But for the victory at San Jacinto, the United States, instead of producing more oil than all the rest of the world combined, might today br. a poor second among the oil producing countries and likely to lose that position within a few years. Nearly 60 per cent of all the oil produced in the United States comes from territory that belonged to Mexico prior to the achievement of Texas independence—territory that came under the American flag as a result of that achievement. About 80 per cent of the recoverable oil reserve of the nation lies in this same territory. Texas alone produces about as much oil as all the rest of the United States which was not Mexican territory in 1836, mid possesses far greater oil reserves. When Memucan Hunt, on August 4, 1837, submitted to the American State Department a proposal that the newly liberated Republic of Texas should be annexed by the United States, he drew a glowing picture of the advantages which would accrue to the older country from the annexation.. On account of their supposed importance to naval powers, he gave first place among Texas resources to "immense forests of live oak comprising, according to estimate of" President Houston, 'four-fifths of all that species of timber now in the world'." Further along in his communication he referred to "the mineral wealth of the country, comprising valuable mines of silver and lead, immense strata of iron and coal and salt springs In great abundance." This description of Texas resources was as good, no doubt, as anyone else could have given at that time, but must, appear odd to those who know Texas today. The resources Hunt mentioned figure but slightly in the contemporary economic picture, while others, unknown to the Texans of his days are of the greatest importance. Hunt was right about the plentiful supply of live oak, taut overestimated its practical importance. A great lumber industry sprang up in Texas in later years, but its basis was the pine of East Texas instead of the live oak of South and Central Texas. He was right about the iron deposits; for Texas lias an abundance of it, and in former times there was an iron industry in East Texas. But today nothing is being done with the iron ore deposits of Texas, because of a lack of coal suitable for making coke. There is plenty of bituminous coal in Texas, too, ami there is a great belt of lignite stretching almost from the Rio Grande to the Red River, but coal mining is now at a standstill, and lignite production has declined *»•' Has Been a Factor in the Progress of the Texas Paaihandle Since the days of the easiest settlers in the Texas Panhandle, great leadership hafe been an important facbpr in the progress and development that has been so notably : achieved. ; v, •\ \ . x Great men, with the courage, confidence and vision, of a ,A greater Panhandle have playeij import"ffhfr«*uteff*in stablUz-\ * Ing and building—in creating a'hd fulfilling the^dregms that ere always the forerunner to tlje founding of any^nipire. • ' \ "'•'"' & ' To the great men and women ! pf the Texas Panhandl^; Who have been the leaders there la due the praise of jjjf .; ; West Texans! . . . With a continuanca^pf their ideals, cow-/ '• age and vision the Panhandle will b.ecikne an even greater'' section of Texas. V / Texas Panhandle Centennial Celebration, Pampa, Texas June 2-3-4-5 * Geo. H. Saunders, Estate on account of an abundance of cheaper fuel. The production of lead is inconsiderable, and practically all our Texas silver comes from one mine in Presidio county. The minerals that were to make Texas famous 'were undreamed of when Texas knocked in vain at the door of the Union. But today those minerals—oil and sulphur—are indispensable requirements of all great nations. Had President Van Huron and Secretary Forsyth b=en able to vision the civilization of 1936 they would have welcomed Minister Hunt with open iirms. instead of giving him the cold .shoulder. Not having such vision, they declined to even inservi! for future consideration tin: question of annexing Texas. If there had bec-n no Texas revolution, it is probable that Mexico would have continued down to this time to Include California. Nevada, Utah, Arizona, Nsw Mexico, Texas, most oi Colorado rind parts of Oklahoma, Kansas, and Wyoming, as it did in 1830. The United States waj not interwiteil in acquiring this vast rq'.ion when the Texans rose in ve- volt and did not move to acquire it until involved in war ten years later as a insult of annexing an independent Texas. It had plenty of trouble at home from 183G until Pome years after the War between the States, and by that time, the modernization of Mexico had begun and the American people had turn- PAGESfiVEN' ed definitely away from thoughts of territorial expansion. Had the Texans not fought and suffered and sacrificed and won; had they not maintained their independence for nine years and attracted sudh attention from foreign countries as to make it apparent that the United States would be blind to its own interest if it did not annex Texas, there.would have been no occasion for the struggle which resulted in the annexation of the rest of the Southwest. Thus a fourth of the present area of the United States would have remained under a foreign flag. This fourth today produces more than one-fifth of the country's cattls, a third of its cotton, a third of its gold, considerably more than half of its natural gas. 58 per cent plus of its petroleum and three-fourth cf its sulphur. Without it, the United States would be much less important, politically and economically —might not be ranked as one of the world's great powers. If the oil exhibits serves to put Centennial visitors on the track of these facts, it will give the visitors a IIBW idea of His part played by the heroes of the Texas Revolution in the making of modern America.— Kdnumd Travis in Texas Weekly. FATALITIES GROWING HOUSTON, May 30 <AP)~- Traffic fatalities here this year are running almost as high did a year There deaths in the first four as they were Ifi months, compared to 18 in the correspond- period 19K5. The nmtiljer of automobile accidents police has shown a in juries • reported in to sharp decline, however. Three hundred and nineteen persons were injured In the first four months of 193G, compared to 003 during the same period last year. Even in a costume picture, Joan Ciawford likes gowns in pale blue. Many Teachers Being Placed By T.JL Bureau AUSTIN. May 30.—More teachers were placed in teaching positions by the Teachers' Appointment committee of The University of Texas during the twelve months ending January 31. 1936. than during any like period in the committee's history, according to Miss Miriam Dozier. secretary. A total of 560 applicants enrolled with the committee were the number placed, exclusive of U'lio were registered for advancement but rctnlnncl the positions they already held. "Many of the vacancies were in fields for which we had no candidates to recommend." Miss Dozicr explained. "A great many required candidates with the doctorate degree lor which we could not recommend. Many other of the vacancies-, were in positions all of our candidates for which were placed." The committee received 1,518 inquiries about teachers, the .second largest number in the hl.sl.ory of the committee's work. The total number of candidates available for positions was 902. "It is highly gratifying that in the tick! cf collogu and university teaching. the number of request's lor teachers nearly doubled that for the preceding years." Miss Do/.ier continued. "To be sure, it was 1m- ber of teachers than we are able to supply. The same condition maintains in the matter of librarians. A growing emphasis on teachers able to direct the various forms of extra-curricular activities has been noted for the past four or five years. Especially is this true In the fields of art. music, and speech. The University does not undertake to train librarians and teachers of art and music; but it is worthy of note that the demand for them is large." -an* Law Courses of Summer Outlined possible for to fill nil of openings In this fidd brcniisp, in such positions are being filled only with teachers having the doctorate degree; and we do not, alas, have enough condldates with such preparation. "In tjie fields of elementary and primary teaching, also, we are called on for a much larger num- AUSTIN, May 30 —Nine courses will be offered by the School of Law during the first term of the 193G .summer session, Dean Ira P. Hildebrand has announced. Eight courses will be available during the .second term. It Is intended to offer four of the most important second year courses taught in the law school, in the expectation of reducing next years enrollment in middle-law work to 200 students. If this reduction is not accomplished it will be necessary to .sectlonizu these courses, thus increasing the teaching load on members nf tHe. faculty. Then; will be nine faculty members on the summer staff for the first term and eight for the eseond term. Courses offered will Include contracts, personal property, administrative law. civil procedure, constitutional Jaw, first year wuiity, second year real property, creditors' rights and corporation iinUnce during the first term. The second term courses will include contracts, first and second year real property, civil procedure, constitutional law, first year equity, partnership, and municipal corporations. Jackie Cooper, boy actor, building a life-size sail boat. Is Gdynia Makes Peasant Rich GDYNIA. Poland f/P) —Joseph Tutkowski, a poor peasant, has become a millionaire as the result of the development since 1924 of this new seaport. 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