THS5 PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pampa, SUNDAY MORNING, • SAVING BIRD LIFE IS 9 FUNCTION HELD fJ VITAL By FREDERIC J. IIASKIN .WASHINGTON, D. c., May so.— •;»s. never before in this country, f. science is beinfe enlisted to assist V: Mother Nature. A realization has Jcome over the federal government I that this nation, once almost the ? richest in the world in wild life, has been divested of much of its ; most valuable game. The story of the buffalo is well known to practically everyone. The hist heath , hen has gone. The trumpeter .swan is, near extinction and .some other species, once plentiful, are either completely or nearly exterminated, The Bureau of Biological survey has been in existence for years, but only recently lias it been given funds and powers to take constructive steps toward the preservation of American wild life. There is no good reason to expect that once again the United States will be a ; land rich in every kind of game which should be indigenous or can readily be acclimated. While the federal government may be considered slow in taking steps toward game preservation and propagation, some of the states have been active for years. New York state has been particularly active and its fish and game laws have been used as a model by other jurisdictions. There was a time when there were no pheasants in the United Stales. This bird of which there are some hundred species is regarded as one of the finest game birds in the world and also is valued as a food delicacy. The pheasant originates in Asia, those now in America being descendants of a bood brought here from China. There now are a great many pheasants in the country due to no small extent to the intervention of science. O. N. Denny, consul general of the United States at Shanghai, be thought him that he would attempt to transplant Chinese ring- necked pheasants to the United States, more particularly to his own home state of Oregon, He brought over 22 cocks and 20 hens and lib- I crated them. This was in 1880. 1892, It was considered that there were enough pheasants to justify an open hunting season, lifting the protection which had been provided for the birds by state law. An open season of ten weeks was declared and in that time 50,000 pheasants were shot. Do Not Thrive Everywhere This attracted so much attention among hunters that orders for birds were sent to the pheasantries which had been established in Oregon and shipments of birds were made to more than 500 places in the United States and. Mexico. In most of the places the birds did not thrive. It was a peculiarly lucky chance that Mr. Denny, the original importer, happened to be an Oregon man for it is in Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia that the Chinese pheasants appear to thrive best. Had the first experiment resulted in the pheasants' being sent to some other unfavorable locality, It likely would have been concluded that they could not be acclimated and the attempt would have been abandoned. Even .-though Uie Pacific Northwest appears to be the best American region', for the Chinese ring- necked pheasant, New York state recently has had remarkable sue- Magnificent Courthouse Is Pride of Gray County The splendid building: above houses the departments of Gray county. It is one of Hie most beautiful public buildings in West Texas. In a line with it are the Schneider hotel, Uie fire station and city hall, and Pampa high school—the "million dollar" row for which Pampa is widely known. cess. 1009, there was established at Shcrbume, New York, u .shite game farm which now is the oldest name bird farm in the country. This farm began breeding pheasants. It was discovered that pheasants did not go very far from their nests. In this respect the pheasant is similar to the ruff-necked grouse which, it has been observed, never in its life goes more than half a mile from the nest in which it was hatched. Observing the pheasants in New York to behave in much the same manner, subsidiary game fauns were located in various places in New York state. They now have multiplied until it is estimated there are more than 300,000. The numbers are expected to increase at an accelerated rate now that science has worked out a system for the artificial incubation of pheasant eggs. An electric incubator has been devised which can take care of 10,000 eggs at a setting. For the last year the artificial incubator shave been in use in New York, and more than 41,000 pheasants were hatched and successfully raised. This was about three times the number normally raised by natural incubation. The pheasant has always had a fascination for sportsmen, and some of the varieties are kept by poultry fanciers and bird lovers merely for their decorative value. The pheasant is gallinaceous and is readily domesticated. The green pheasant of Japan, the cooper pheasant oi China, the golden pheasant of Tibet, and many other varieties add much to the brilliance and beauty of a bird enclosure. They vary greatly in size, the largest being Reinhardt's argus pheasant which attains a length from head to tail of 85 inches. Sixty inches of this length is tail and, in indeed, some naturalists include the argus species with the-peacocks. Reference to the argus pheasant recalls that the first introduction of the pheasant into Europe, according to legend, was at the hanclh of Jason. Returning from ColcliU, in his famed ship Argo, ho and hi; argonauts brought with them pheasants of the typ^ now common in Europe. The Romans introduced the birds into England where they art thoroughly iicclinialcd, so much .so in fact that there is a type knowr as the Lady Amhcr.st pheasant and surely that is not an Asiatic designation. There is little doubt that the Fcd- ral Government and the state gov- rnmcnts among- them will go far with their program of restocking the United States with wild life, using 1 every aid that science can offer. There have been protective Inws n the stales for many years providing closed seasons on all sorts of game, and lh<m there is the migratory bird law which i.s federal. Treaties with Canada and Mexico and other counliics assist in the protection of migratory wildfowl. The tremendous distance which many birds fly in their seasonal migrations make international protection necessary. Protection is not enough, it now is thought, and scientific aid in artifical propagation must be added. The Bureau and Fisheries long has done its part of the job, restocking the lakes and streams of the nation with millions upon millions of fish. With the same general policy pursued as to other types of wild life, furred feathered, or otherwise, it will not be long before there will be a substantial restoration. IJAI'TIST LEADERS AT DALLAS DALLAS, Texas.— Five nationally known Baptist leaders will be brought to the Texas Centennial Exposition for the week of June 11, "Baptist. Week" at the $25,000,000 World's Fair opening here June G. They will be Dr. George W. Truett of Dallas, president of the Baptist World Alliance, June 11; Dr. Robert G. Lee, pastor of the Bellvuo Baptist church, Memphis, Tcnn., June 12; Pat M. Neff, president of Baylor University, Waco, Texas, and former Governor of Texas, June 13; Dr. M. E. Dodd, president of the Southern Baptist Convention and pastor of the First Baptist church at Shrcveport, June 16; and Dr. C. Oscar Jolmson, pastor of the Third Street Baptist church at St. Louis. Soviet Tars Set Mask Record LENINGRAD (fP)— Twelve red navy men of the Baltic fleet recently wore gas masks for 218 hours, going through their regular duties and removing them only for meals. They wound up with a masked march of 18 miles. DROVE HERD OF BUFFALO TO DODGE IN 1886 J. E. (Uncle Jim) Williams has lived in.tHis' section..more than JO years..'" lie left his boyhood home in Derfton county 52 years ago and started out to seek his fortune in Uii West. His first stop was in Wichita coilHItf 10 miles above the present town oNwichila Fails, then n typical cow towrSqf no more than 41)0 people. It was then the tcrm- inu.s of Uie FortWo^th ft Denver City raifwtny. ""*" *""*^ So rriiininntlJI^'pflSikt county and hHt was KiitMn "us Jbr,eerxcmnity for jalmost (wcftgjjpf, aftcv a,JilH.e it than 50 year's ago-lie pulled tW slakts and drifted Up into the high plains, country, He found the country possessed by large cattle interests forSwhich he labored something like 12 yhars. More than 50 years ago he commenced work for the cattle outfit"Vliich owned land on which Pampa "hrwv stands. Thpe<" then owned approxImTrtely'^fOO^OOO acres of land in a block. Their cattle interests consisted of 80,000 cattle, and the company claimed to have branded more than 20,000 calves the year before. There are two other men living in Pampa who was here and worked for the same outfit. They are H. B. Lovett and J. R. Henry. On tlui plains at that time them was only one windmill, and it stood 2 miles north of where the city of Groom is now situated. There were very few fences and the roads were just cow trails. The cowboys were a happy contented people. Wages were $25 to $35 per month and the men worked from sun up to sun up and did not .know when the day's work was done, and neither did they know when Sunday came. At .that time there were a few settlers who lived on the creeks and rivers, and there were no settlers on the high plains. The Franklin Land and Cattle company, Mr. Williams' first employer, was succeeded by the White Deed Land company. Everything was hauled from either Dodge City or Wichita Falls. There were ox teams that had as many as 12 yoke of steers with three wagons to the team, and H would take them from six weeks to two months to make a trip to either place. It was astonishing to see the amount of freight they would haul at a load. Judge Willis Sr. was judge of the entire Panhandle when Mr. Williams came., L. D. Miller was district attorney. Other prominent members of the bar were Temple Houston, J. N. Browning, W. B. Plemons. There was game in abundance; wild turkey on the creeks; quail and prairie chicken were exceedingly plentiful. Deer ranged in the low lands or in the breaks country, but they were not as numerous as antelope which ranged exclusively on the high plains country. Other wildlife included black bear, bob cats, wolves and coyotes. The little Mustang ponies could be sighted at tim?s on the plains in great number. They were disturbing little creatures. The cowboys' saddle ponies would get with them and it was out of the question to get them back until the Mustangs left. There were very few buffalo in the Panhandle at that timu. Just a few straggling bunches ,ind they were on Uie north plains, north of Uie Canadian river. The ranch where Mr. Williams worked caught 14 which were then year- ling.s. Hi! had the pleasure; and excitement of going and helping to drive them to Dodgi; City in May, for men were swapping yarns, playing mumble peg and running cow ponies. '" »."'»*-•«••* CLEAN TRANSPORTATION- COURTEOUS & SAFE DRIVERS F. S. BROWN, Preident There was not any great agricultural development until about 1900 £n the Rock Island came in by y of Oklahoma. Then all three roads, the Denver, the Santa Fe, built in 1888, began to run excursion trains. "It was then we realized that we had to expect civilization and abide by it," Mr. Williams said. Favorite pastimes in those days Karen Morley never wears,.a hijt, except when, she Is required to, on the screen. WELCOME VISITORS... To the Texas Panhandle Centennial and Oil Men's Reunion, Pampa, Texas June 2-3-4-5 PANHANDLE LUMBER CO. Pampa Texaa, The Insured Investment citai view 'Oefore you complete financing. *^ or rbfina'ncing of your home, be sure to acquaint yourself with all the economy and safety factors provided in our Direct-Reduction Home Loan Plan. It can bring you debt-free home ownership through small monthly payments like rent. (I our future financial security doel '«' not depend upon.what,you, earn now, nor upon what you save, but only upon how wisely you invest your savings. Here, wise investors find profit plut INSURED,SAFETY of their funds up to $5,000'by the- Federal Savings &• Loan Insurance Corporation, Washington, D. C. 01, i FIRST ]] FEDERAL SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATION OP PAMPA \ \. -THE NEW HOME OF PURITAN BAKERY r, m •. •"' C '"^ f . Makers of t t • I Royal Bread, Sliced or Un-sliced Rye, Raisin, and All Kinds of Cakes "•v^ We Specialize in Party Cakes and Cakes for Special Occasions WHOLESALE AND RETAIL 515 South Cuyler St. Phone IW Pampa, Texas KING COMPANY 500 First National Bank Bldg. WICHITA FALLS, TEXAS A,;,,,^L.
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